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1794 and 1795 United States House of Representatives elections

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1794 and 1795 United States House of Representatives elections

← 1792 / 1793 August 24, 1794 – September 5, 1795[a] 1796 / 1797 →

All 105[b] seats to the United States House of Representatives
53 seats were needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
 
Frederick Muhlenberg.jpg
JDayton.jpg
Leader Frederick Muhlenberg Jonathan Dayton[1][c]
Party Democratic-Republican Federalist
Leader's seat Pennsylvania 2nd New Jersey at-large
Last election 54 seats 51 seats
Seats won 59[d] 47
Seat change Increase 5 Decrease 4

4thHouse.svg
     Democratic-Republican majority      Federalist majority
     Even split

Speaker before election

Frederick Muhlenberg
Anti-Administration

Elected Speaker

Jonathan Dayton
Federalist

Elections to the United States House of Representatives for the 4th Congress were held on various dates in each state between August 25, 1794 (New Hampshire), and September 5, 1795 (Kentucky). The election was held during President George Washington's second term. The voters of Tennessee elected their first congressional representative (Andrew Jackson) on October 7, 1796.

In the second election for the House of Representatives with organized political parties, the Democratic-Republican Party, led by Thomas Jefferson, once again defeated the Federalist Party, led by Alexander Hamilton, and slightly increased their majority. These new wins by the Democratic-Republicans can mostly be attributed to the popularity of Jeffersonian ideas of agrarian democracy in the Western territories of the United States.

Election summaries

During this period, each state fixed its own date for a congressional general election. Elections took place both in the even-numbered year before and in the odd-numbered year when a Congress convened. In some states, the congressional delegation was not elected until after the legal start of the Congress (on the 4th day of March in the odd-numbered year).

One new seat was added during the 4th Congress upon the admission of Tennessee on June 1, 1796,[2] Tennessee was not represented in the 1st session which is not included in the totals here.

59 47
Democratic-Republican Federalist
State Type
Date
Total
seats
Democratic-
Republican

(formerly Anti-Administration)
Federalist
(formerly Pro-Administration)
Seats Change Seats Change
Connecticut At-large September 15, 1794 7 0 Steady 7 Steady
Delaware At-large October 5, 1794 1 1 Increase1 0 Decrease1
Georgia At-large October 6, 1794 2 2 Steady 0 Steady
Maryland Districts October 6, 1794 8 4 Steady 4 Steady
Massachusetts Districts November 3, 1794[e] 14 4 Increase1 10 Decrease1
New Hampshire At-large August 25, 1794[f] 4 1 Steady 3 Steady
New Jersey At-large December 30, 1794 5 0 Steady 5 Steady
New York Districts December 12, 1794 10 6 Increase3 4 Decrease3
Pennsylvania Districts October 14, 1794 13 9 Increase1 4 Decrease1
Rhode Island At-large August 26, 1794 2 0 Steady 2 Steady
South Carolina Districts October 14, 1794 6 4 Decrease1 2 Increase1
Vermont Districts December 30, 1794[g] 2 1 Decrease1 1 Increase1
North Carolina Districts February 13, 1795 10 9 Steady 1 Steady
Late elections (After the March 4, 1795 beginning of the next Congress)
Virginia Districts March 16, 1795 19 17 Increase2 2 Decrease2
Kentucky Districts September 5, 1795 2 2 Steady 0 Steady
Total[d] 105 58
55.2%
Increase6 47
44.8%
Decrease4
House seats
Democratic-Republican
55.2%
Federalist
44.8%

Special elections

There were special and late elections to the 3rd and 4th Congresses in 1794 and 1795.

3rd Congress

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Southwest Territory at-large None (district created) New non-partisan delegate elected on an unknown date by the territorial legislature.
Member seated September 3, 1794 as Congress's first non-voting delegate.
Successor also elected to the next term, see below.
Maryland 2 John Francis Mercer Anti-Administration 1791 (Special) Incumbent resigned April 13, 1794.
New member elected May 5, 1794.[h]
Anti-Administration hold.
Successor also elected to the next term, see below.
South Carolina 5 Alexander Gillon Anti-Administration 1793 Incumbent died October 6, 1794.
New member elected October 13–14, 1794.
Pro-Administration gain.
Successor also elected to the next term, see below.
Maryland 3 Uriah Forrest Pro-Administration 1792 Incumbent resigned November 8, 1794.
New member elected December 8, 1794.
Pro-Administration hold.
Successor was not elected to the next term, see below.
Successor seated in January 1795.
New Jersey at-large Abraham Clark Pro-Administration 1791 Incumbent died September 15, 1794.
New member elected January 11, 1795.[7]
Pro-Administration hold.
Successor had already been elected to the next term, see below.
Successor seated January 29, 1795.
South Carolina 2 John Barnwell Pro-Administration 1794 Incumbent representative-elect declined to serve.
New member elected January 19-20, 1795.[8]
Anti-Administration gain.
Successor seated December 7, 1795.

4th Congress

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Connecticut at-large Jonathan Trumbull Jr. Federalist 1788 Incumbent Representative-elect declined to serve when elected U.S. Senator.
New member elected April 13, 1795.[3]
Federalist hold.
Successor seated December 7, 1795.
North Carolina 4 Alexander Mebane Democratic-Republican 1793 Incumbent died July 5, 1795.
New member elected August 14, 1795.[10]
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated December 7, 1795.

Connecticut

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Connecticut at-large
7 seats on a General ticket
James Hillhouse Pro-Administration 1790 Incumbent re-elected as a Federalist.
Amasa Learned Pro-Administration 1790 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Joshua Coit Pro-Administration 1792 Incumbent re-elected as a Federalist.
Jonathan Trumbull Jr. Pro-Administration 1788 Incumbent retired to run for U.S. Senator.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Jeremiah Wadsworth Pro-Administration 1788 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Zephaniah Swift Pro-Administration 1792 Incumbent re-elected as a Federalist.
Uriah Tracy Pro-Administration 1792 Incumbent re-elected as a Federalist.

Delaware

Only two candidates are recorded for Delaware's congressional election in 1794, suggesting that the voting procedure in place for the first three Congresses for two candidates had been changed.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Delaware at-large Henry Latimer Pro-Administration 1792 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.

Georgia

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Georgia at-large
2 seats on a General ticket
Abraham Baldwin Anti-Administration 1789 Incumbent re-elected as a Democratic-Republican.
Thomas P. Carnes Anti-Administration 1792 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.

Kentucky

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Kentucky 1
"Southern District"
Christopher Greenup Anti-Administration 1792 Incumbent re-elected as a Democratic-Republican.
Kentucky 2
"Northern District"
Alexander D. Orr Anti-Administration 1792 Incumbent re-elected as a Democratic-Republican.

Maryland

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Maryland 1 George Dent Pro-Administration 1792 Incumbent re-elected as a Federalist.
Maryland 2 John Francis Mercer Anti-Administration 1791 (Special) Incumbent resigned April 13, 1794.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Successor also elected to finish the term.
  • Green tickY Gabriel Duvall (Democratic-Republican) 69.5%
  • Richard A. Contee (Federalist) 30.5%
Maryland 3 Uriah Forrest Pro-Administration 1792 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Maryland 4 Thomas Sprigg Anti-Administration 1792 Incumbent re-elected as a Democratic-Republican.
Maryland 5 Samuel Smith Anti-Administration 1792 Incumbent re-elected as a Democratic-Republican.
Maryland 6 Gabriel Christie Anti-Administration 1792 Incumbent re-elected as a Democratic-Republican.
Maryland 7 William Hindman Pro-Administration 1792 Incumbent re-elected as a Federalist.
  • Green tickY William Hindman (Federalist) 63.8%
  • George Jackson (Democratic-Republican) 26.8%
  • William Whitely (Democratic-Republican) 9.3%
Maryland 8 William V. Murray Pro-Administration 1790 Incumbent re-elected as a Federalist.

Massachusetts

Massachusetts redistricted between the 3rd and 4th Congress, dividing itself into 14 districts. The 12th-14th districts were in the District of Maine (the modern State of Maine). A majority was required for election. Additional ballots were required in five districts due to the majority requirement not being met on the first ballot.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Massachusetts 1
("1st western")
Theodore Sedgwick
Redistricted from the 2nd district
Pro-Administration 1789 Incumbent re-elected as a Federalist.
Massachusetts 2
("2nd western")
William Lyman Anti-Administration 1792 Incumbent re-elected as a Democratic-Republican.
Massachusetts 3
("3rd western")
None (district created) New seat.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
  • Green tickY Samuel Lyman (Federalist) 65.5%
  • Daniel Bigelow (Democratic-Republican) 34.5%
Massachusetts 4
("4th western")
Dwight Foster
Redistricted from the 2nd district
Pro-Administration 1792 Incumbent re-elected as a Federalist.
Massachusetts 5
("1st southern")
Peleg Coffin Jr.
Redistricted from the 3rd district
Pro-Administration 1792 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Massachusetts 6
("2nd southern")
None (district created) New seat.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Massachusetts 7
("3rd southern")
David Cobb
Redistricted from the at-large seat
Pro-Administration 1792 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
First ballot (November 3, 1794):
David Cobb (Federalist) 42.3%
George Leonard (Federalist) 35.8%
Phanuel Bishop (Democratic-Republican) 21.9%

Second ballot (January 17, 1795):
David Cobb (Federalist) 39.9%
George Leonard (Federalist) 39.9%
Phanuel Bishop (Democratic-Republican) 20.2%

Third ballot (March 23, 1795):
George Leonard (Federalist) 48.9%
David Cobb (Federalist) 17.4%
John Smith 13.7%
Phanuel Bishop (Democratic-Republican) 12.5%
Scattering 7.6%

Fourth ballot (June 1, 1795):
Massachusetts 8
("1st middle")
Fisher Ames
Redistricted from the 1st district
Pro-Administration 1788 Incumbent re-elected as a Federalist.
  • Green tickY Fisher Ames (Federalist) 56.6%
  • Charles Jarvis (Democratic-Republican) 43.4%
Massachusetts 9
("2nd middle")
Samuel Dexter
Redistricted from the 1st district
Pro-Administration 1792 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.

A petition by various citizens of Massachusetts contested the election. The Committee on Elections ruled in the winner's favor and added "that the attempt to deprive him of his seat was rather the act of malevolence than a desire to promote the public good." On January 25, 1797, these words were stricken out and expressions of compliment to the member were substituted, and the report was agreed to.[1]
First ballot (November 3, 1794):
Samuel Dexter (Federalist) 40.5%
Elbridge Gerry (Democratic-Republican) 30.9%
Joseph Bradley Varnum (Democratic-Republican) 28.6%

Second ballot (January 17, 1795):
Joseph Bradley Varnum (Democratic-Republican) 49.4%
Samuel Dexter (Federalist) 48.8%
Scattering 1.8%

Third ballot (March 23, 1795):
Massachusetts 10
("3rd middle")
Benjamin Goodhue
Redistricted from the 1st district
Pro-Administration 1789 Incumbent re-elected as a Federalist.
Samuel Holten
Redistricted from the 1st district
Anti-Administration 1792 Incumbent lost re-election in a redistricting contest.
Federalist loss.
Massachusetts 11
("4th middle")
None (district created) New seat.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
First ballot (November 3, 1794):
Theophilus Bradbury (Federalist) 43.5%
Bailey Bartlett (Federalist) 19.8%
Josiah Smith (Democratic-Republican) 10.5%
Stephen Cross 9.1%
Theophilus Parsons 7.0%
Scattering 10.1%

Second ballot (January 17, 1795):
Theophilus Bradbury (Federalist) 38.1%
William Pearson 36.6%
Bailey Bartlett (Federalist) 25.3%

Third ballot (March 23, 1795):
Massachusetts 12
("1st eastern, District of Maine")
Henry Dearborn
Redistricted from the 4th district
Anti-Administration 1792 Incumbent re-elected as a Democratic-Republican.
Massachusetts 13
("2nd eastern, District of Maine")
Peleg Wadsworth
Redistricted from the 4th district
Pro-Administration 1792 Incumbent re-elected as a Federalist. First ballot (November 3, 1794):
Peleg Wadsworth (Federalist) 44.1%
William Widgery (Democratic-Republican) 33.4%
Stephen Longfellow 10.0%
Samuel Thompson 5.3%
Scattering 7.3%

Second ballot (January 17, 1795):
Massachusetts 14
("3rd eastern, District of Maine")
George Thatcher
Redistricted from the 4th district
Pro-Administration 1788 Incumbent re-elected as a Federalist. First ballot (November 3, 1794):
George Thatcher (Federalist) 45.7%
Nathaniel Wells 31.6%
Ichabod Godwin 8.8%
Joseph Tucker 6.4%
Scattering 7.4%

Second ballot (January 17, 1795):

New Hampshire

Under New Hampshire's electoral laws, a majority of voters (12.5% of votes) was required for election. Only three candidates achieved a majority, and so a run-off election was held for the fourth seat.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
First ballot Second ballot
New Hampshire at-large
(General ticket)
Jeremiah Smith Pro-Administration 1790 Incumbent re-elected as a Federalist. First ballot August 25, 1794:
John Samuel Sherburne Anti-Administration 1792 Incumbent re-elected as a Democratic-Republican.
Nicholas Gilman Pro-Administration 1788/89 Incumbent re-elected as a Federalist.
Paine Wingate Pro-Administration 1792 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.

New Jersey

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
New Jersey at-large
(General ticket)
Elias Boudinot Pro-Administration 1789 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
New Jersey at-large
(General ticket)
Vacant Abraham Clark (Pro-Administration) died September 15, 1794.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
New Jersey at-large
(General ticket)
Jonathan Dayton Pro-Administration 1791 Incumbent re-elected as a Federalist.
New Jersey at-large
(General ticket)
Lambert Cadwalader Pro-Administration 1789
1792
Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
New Jersey at-large
(General ticket)
John Beatty Pro-Administration 1792 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.

New York

New York's districts were not numbered at the time, but were later numbered retroactively.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
New York 1 Vacant Incumbent moved to the 7th district.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
New York 2 John Watts Pro-Administration 1793 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
New York 3 Philip Van Courtlandt Anti-Administration 1793 Incumbent re-elected as a Democratic-Republican.
New York 4 Peter Van Gaasbeck Pro-Administration 1793 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
  • Green tickY John Hathorn (Democratic-Republican) 70.8%
  • Conrad E. Elmendorf (Federalist) 27.2%
  • William Thompson (Federalist) 1.9%
  • Peter Gansevoort (Democratic-Republican) 0.1%
New York 5 Theodorus Bailey Anti-Administration 1793 Incumbent re-elected as a Democratic-Republican.
New York 6 Ezekiel Gilbert Pro-Administration 1793 Incumbent re-elected as a Federalist.
  • Green tickY Ezekiel Gilbert (Federalist) 57.6%
  • John Bay (Democratic-Republican) 21.7%
  • Matthew Adgate (Democratic-Republican) 20.7%
New York 7 John E. Van Alen Pro-Administration 1793 Incumbent re-elected as a Federalist.
Thomas Tredwell
Moved from the 1st district
Anti-Administration 1791 (Special) Incumbent lost re-election.
Democratic-Republican loss.
New York 8 Henry Glen Pro-Administration 1793 Incumbent re-elected as a Federalist.
New York 9 James Gordon Pro-Administration 1790 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
  • Green tickY John Williams (Democratic-Republican) 48.4%
  • Ebenezer Russel (Federalist) 40.2%
  • Alexander Webster (Democratic-Republican) 11.4%
New York 10 Vacant Incumbent Silas Talbot (Pro-Administration) resigned earlier to accept an appointment to the Navy
Federalist gain.
  • Green tickY William Cooper (Federalist) 55.9%
  • John Winn (Democratic-Republican) 31.4%
  • James Cochran (Federalist) 11.8%
  • Jonathan Fitch (Democratic-Republican) 0.9%

North Carolina

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
North Carolina 1 Joseph McDowell Anti-Administration 1793 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
North Carolina 2 Matthew Locke Anti-Administration 1793 Incumbent re-elected as a Democratic-Republican.
North Carolina 3 Joseph Winston Anti-Administration 1793 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
North Carolina 4 Alexander Mebane Anti-Administration 1793 Incumbent re-elected as a Democratic-Republican.
  • Green tickY Alexander Mebane (Democratic-Republican) 75.8%
  • Samuel Benton (Federalist) 19.5%
  • Stephen Moore (Federalist) 4.7%
North Carolina 5 Nathaniel Macon Anti-Administration 1791 Incumbent re-elected as a Democratic-Republican.
North Carolina 6 James Gillespie Anti-Administration 1793 Incumbent re-elected as a Democratic-Republican.
North Carolina 7 William B. Grove Pro-Administration 1791 Incumbent re-elected as a Federalist.
North Carolina 8 William J. Dawson Anti-Administration 1793 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
North Carolina 9 Thomas Blount Anti-Administration 1793 Incumbent re-elected as a Democratic-Republican.
North Carolina 10 Benjamin Williams Anti-Administration 1793 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.

Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania once again divided itself into districts instead of electing representatives at-large, as it had for the 3rd Congress. The state divided intself into 12 districts, one of which (the 4th) had two seats. Pennsylvania would continue to use one or more plural districts until 1842.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates[11]
Pennsylvania 1 Thomas Fitzsimons
Redistricted from the at-large district
Pro-Administration 1788 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Pennsylvania 2 Frederick Muhlenberg
Redistricted from at-large district
Anti-Administration 1788 Incumbent re-elected as a Democratic-Republican.
Pennsylvania 3 None (district created) New seat.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Pennsylvania 4
Plural district with 2 seats
None (district created) New seat.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Peter Muhlenberg
Redistricted from the at-large district
Anti-Administration 1788
1792
Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
James Morris disputed the election. The original returns showed Morris in 2nd place and Richards in a close 3rd place, but Richards disputed it. Morris died July 10, 1795, before the House could act. The Elections Committee ruled in favor of Richards on January 18, 1796.
Pennsylvania 5 Daniel Hiester
Redistricted from at-large district
Anti-Administration 1788 Incumbent re-elected as a Democratic-Republican.
Pennsylvania 6 None (district created) New seat.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Pennsylvania 7 John W. Kittera
Redistricted from at-large district
Pro-Administration 1791 Incumbent re-elected as a Federalist.
Pennsylvania 8 Thomas Hartley
Redistricted from at-large district
Pro-Administration 1788 Incumbent re-elected as a Federalist.
Pennsylvania 9 Andrew Gregg
Redistricted from at-large district
Anti-Administration 1791 Incumbent re-elected as a Democratic-Republican.
William Irvine
Redistricted from the at-large district
Anti-Administration 1792 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Pennsylvania 10 None (district created) New seat.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
  • Green tickY David Bard (Democratic-Republican) 52.9%
  • James McLane (Democratic-Republican) 31.9%
  • James Chambers (Federalist) 15.2%
Pennsylvania 11 William Findley
Redistricted from at-large district
Anti-Administration 1791 Incumbent re-elected as a Democratic-Republican.
Pennsylvania 12 Thomas Scott
Redistricted from at-large district
Pro-Administration 1788
1792
Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.

Rhode Island

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Rhode Island at-large Seat A Benjamin Bourne Pro-Administration 1790 Incumbent re-elected as a Federalist.
Rhode Island at-large Seat B Francis Malbone Pro-Administration 1792 Incumbent re-elected as a Federalist.

South Carolina

Electoral data are only available for the 1st and 5th district of South Carolina's 6 districts at the time of the elections of 1794.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
South Carolina 1 William L. Smith Pro-Administration 1788 Incumbent re-elected as a Federalist.
South Carolina 2 New seat New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Successor declined to serve and a special election was held to fill the resulting vacancy, electing Wade Hampton (Democratic-Republican).
South Carolina 3 Lemuel Benton Anti-Administration 1793 Incumbent re-elected as a Democratic-Republican.
South Carolina 4 Richard Winn Anti-Administration 1793 Incumbent re-elected as a Democratic-Republican.
South Carolina 5 Alexander Gillon Anti-Administration 1793 Incumbent died October 6, 1794.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Successor also elected to finish the term, see above.
John Hunter (Moved from the 2nd district) Anti-Administration 1793 Incumbent lost re-election.
Anti-Administration loss.
South Carolina 6 Andrew Pickens Anti-Administration 1793 Unknown if incumbent retired or lost re-election.
Democratic-Republican gain.

Representative-elect Barnwell of the 2nd district declined to serve. A special election was held to fill the resulting vacancy, electing Wade Hampton (Democratic-Republican).

Tennessee

Tennessee elected its first representative in 1796 for this Congress.

Vermont

Vermont law required a majority for election to Congress, with a second election to be held if the first did not return a majority. Run-off elections were required in both districts.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates[k]
Vermont 1
"Western District"
Israel Smith Anti-Administration 1791 Incumbent re-elected as a Democratic-Republican.
The election was contested but eventually upheld.[1]
First ballot (December 30, 1794):
Matthew Lyon (Democratic-Republican) 41.7%
Israel Smith (Democratic-Republican) 32.9%
Isaac Tichenor (Federalist) 9.9%
Gideon Olin (Democratic-Republican) 8.7%
Others 6.8%

Second ballot (February 10, 1795):
Vermont 2
"Eastern District"
Nathaniel Niles Anti-Administration 1791 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
First ballot (December 30, 1794):
Nathaniel Niles (Democratic-Republican) 31.6%
Daniel Buck (Federalist) 21.2%
Jonathan Hunt 11.0%
Stephen Jacob 10.9%
Lewis R. Morris (Federalist) 8.3%
Cornelius Lynde 4.7%
Paul Brigham 3.3%
Lot Hall 2.7%
Elijah Robinson 1.3%
Others 4.8%

Second ballot (February 10, 1795):

Virginia

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Virginia 1 Robert Rutherford Anti-Administration 1793 Incumbent re-elected as a Democratic-Republican.
Virginia 2 Andrew Moore Anti-Administration 1789 Incumbent re-elected as a Democratic-Republican.
Virginia 3 Joseph Neville Anti-Administration 1793 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Virginia 4 Francis Preston Anti-Administration 1793 Incumbent re-elected as a Democratic-Republican.
Virginia 5 George Hancock Pro-Administration 1793 Incumbent re-elected as a Federalist.
Virginia 6 Isaac Coles Anti-Administration 1793 Incumbent re-elected as a Democratic-Republican.
Virginia 7 Abraham B. Venable Anti-Administration 1790 Incumbent re-elected as a Democratic-Republican.
  • Green tickY Abraham B. Venable (Democratic-Republican) 61.0%
  • Thomas Woodson 19.8%
  • Joseph Wyatt 18.9%
  • Peter Johnson 0.2%
  • William Wilson 0.1%
Virginia 8 Thomas Claiborne Anti-Administration 1793 Incumbent re-elected as a Democratic-Republican.
Virginia 9 William B. Giles Anti-Administration 1790 Incumbent re-elected as a Democratic-Republican.
Virginia 10 Carter B. Harrison Anti-Administration 1793 Incumbent re-elected as a Democratic-Republican.
Virginia 11 Josiah Parker Pro-Administration 1789 Incumbent re-elected as a Federalist.
Virginia 12 John Page Anti-Administration 1789 Incumbent re-elected as a Democratic-Republican.
Virginia 13 Samuel Griffin Pro-Administration 1789 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
The loser unsuccessfully contested the election[1]
Virginia 14 Francis Walker Anti-Administration 1793 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Virginia 15 James Madison Jr. Anti-Administration 1789 Incumbent re-elected as a Democratic-Republican.
Virginia 16 Anthony New Anti-Administration 1793 Incumbent re-elected as a Democratic-Republican.
Virginia 17 Richard Bland Lee Pro-Administration 1789 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Virginia 18 John Nicholas Anti-Administration 1793 Incumbent re-elected as a Democratic-Republican.
Virginia 19 John Heath Anti-Administration 1793 Incumbent re-elected as a Democratic-Republican.

Non-voting delegates

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Southwest Territory at-large James White Non-partisan 1794 (New seat) Non-partisan delegate re-elected on an unknown date by the territorial legislature.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ "Election dates" does not include states admitted during the 4th Congress.
  2. ^ 1 more seat was added by the admission of Tennessee after the start of this Congress.
  3. ^ Federalist Jonathan Dayton was elected Speaker of the House, despite being from the smaller party.
  4. ^ a b Including late elections
  5. ^ 3 add Majority required for electionitional ballots were required in 5 districts held January 17, March 23, and June 1, 1795.
  6. ^ a Majority required for electionrun-off was required for the 4th seat held on December 8, 1794.
  7. ^ an add Majority required for electionitional ballot was required in both districts held on February 10, 1795.
  8. ^ Date of election.[3]
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah Source does not give numbers of votes or has incomplete data.
  10. ^ a b Changed parties
  11. ^ Only candidates with at least 1% of the vote listed.

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Fourth Congress (membership roster)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on December 13, 2012. Retrieved December 7, 2012.
  2. ^ Stat. 492
  3. ^ a b Dubin, Michael J. (1998). United States Congressional Elections, 1788-1997: The Official Results. McFarland and Company.
  4. ^ https://elections.lib.tufts.edu/catalog/tufts:md.uscongress2.special.1794
  5. ^ https://elections.lib.tufts.edu/catalog/tufts:sc.uscongress.district2.1794
  6. ^ https://elections.lib.tufts.edu/catalog/tufts:md.uscongress3.special.1794
  7. ^ a b http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=724594
  8. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-01-06. Retrieved 2018-09-04.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ A new Nation Votes Archived December 11, 2012, at Archive.today
  10. ^ a b https://elections.lib.tufts.edu/catalog/tufts:nc.uscongress4.special.1795
  11. ^ Wilkes University Elections Statistics Project

Bibliography

External links

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