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James Schureman

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

James Schureman
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New Jersey's 2nd district
In office
March 4, 1813 – March 3, 1815
Preceded byN/A
Succeeded byN/A
United States Senator
from New Jersey
In office
March 4, 1799 – February 16, 1801
Preceded byFranklin Davenport
Succeeded byAaron Ogden
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New Jersey's At-large district
In office
March 4, 1797 – March 3, 1799
Preceded byThomas Henderson
Succeeded byDistrict eliminated
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New Jersey's At-large district
In office
March 4, 1789 – March 3, 1791
Preceded byDistrict created
Succeeded byJonathan Dayton
Personal details
Born(1756-02-12)February 12, 1756
New Brunswick, Province of New Jersey, British America
DiedJanuary 22, 1824(1824-01-22) (aged 67)
New Brunswick, New Jersey, U.S.
Political partyFederalist
Alma materQueen's College (BA) 1775 (now known as Rutgers University)

James Schureman (February 12, 1756 – January 22, 1824) was an American merchant and statesman from New Brunswick, New Jersey.[1] He represented New Jersey in the Continental Congress as well as the United States House of Representatives and United States Senate.

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James was born in New Brunswick in the Province of New Jersey and attended Queen's College (now Rutgers University), graduating in 1775.[1] When he graduated he raised a volunteer company in New Brunswick and led it as Captain in the Middlesex County militia. He led them in the Battle of Brooklyn on August 27, 1776 where he was captured. He was held as a prisoner of war until early in the spring of 1777 when he escaped to rejoin the Continental Army at Morristown.

Schureman returned to New Brunswick and took up a mercantile career while still serving in the militia. He was elected to the New Jersey General Assembly from 1783 to 1785. In 1786, New Jersey sent him as a delegate to the Continental Congress. That same year he was one of those at the Annapolis Convention that called for a new constitution for the United States. He continued in the Congressional session of 1787, then was returned to the state assembly in 1788.

When the United States was formed, Schureman was elected to the First House of Representatives, serving from 1789 until 1791. He served two other terms in the House, in the 9th Congress (1797–1799) and 14th Congress (1813–1815). He was elected to the U.S. Senate to complete the term of John Rutherfurd and served there from 1799 to 1801. Between these duties he served a number of years as the Mayor of New Brunswick, New Jersey including 1792–1794, 1801–1813, and 1821–1824. He also represented Middlesex County, New Jersey on the New Jersey Legislative Council for the 1808, 1810, and 1812–1813 sessions of the legislature, serving as Vice-President of Council in the latter session.

When Schureman died in 1824 at New Brunswick, he was buried in the churchyard of the First Dutch Reformed Church there. The church and cemetery still stand and are located at Neilson and Bayard Streets.


  1. ^ a b "SCHUREMAN, James, (1756–1824)". Congressional Biographical Directory (CLERKWEB). Retrieved May 26, 2014.

External links

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
District inactive
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New Jersey's at-large congressional district

March 4, 1789 – March 3, 1791
Succeeded by
Preceded by Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New Jersey's at-large congressional district

March 4, 1797 – March 3, 1799
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New Jersey's 2nd congressional district

March 4, 1813 – March 3, 1815
Succeeded by
U.S. Senate
Preceded by  U.S. senator (Class 1) from New Jersey
Served alongside: Jonathan Dayton
Succeeded by
This page was last edited on 2 March 2024, at 05:48
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