To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Languages
Recent
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

1850 and 1851 United States House of Representatives elections

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1850 and 1851 United States House of Representatives elections

← 1848 / 49 August 5, 1850 – November 4, 1851 1852 / 53 →

All 233 seats in the U.S. House of Representatives
117 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
 
LinnBoyd.jpg
Edward Stanly by Brady.jpg
Leader Linn Boyd Edward Stanly
Party Democratic Whig
Leader's seat Kentucky 1st North Carolina 8th
Last election 115 seats 104 seats
Seats won 117 81
Seat change Increase 2 Decrease 23
Popular vote 1,142,783 1,105,286
Percentage 43.31% 41.89%
Swing Decrease 0.85% Decrease 2.95%

  Third party Fourth party
 
Party Unionist Southern Rights
Last election Pre-creation Pre-creation
Seats won 14[a] 8[b]
Seat change Increase 14 Increase 8
Popular vote 123,727 109,060
Percentage 4.69% 4.13%
Swing New Party New Party

  Fifth party Sixth party
 
Party Free Soil Independent
Last election 8 seats 0 seats
Seats won 7 4[c]
Seat change Decrease 1 Increase 4
Popular vote 82,221 70,262
Percentage 3.12% 2.79%
Swing Decrease 5.54% Increase 1.03%

Speaker before election

Howell Cobb
Democratic

Elected Speaker

Linn Boyd
Democratic

Elections to the United States House of Representatives for the 32nd Congress were held at various dates in different states from August 1850 to November 1851. The Democrats gained 17 seats, increasing their majority relative to the rival Whigs, who lost 22 seats.

Whig President Millard Fillmore, who succeeded to the Presidency in July 1850 after the death of Zachary Taylor, lacked a strong political base. Sectionalism and slavery were increasingly prominent, but not yet politically critical, issues. The Compromise of 1850 was a short-term success in beginning the constructive disposal of the Mexican Cession, but the admission of California as the 31st state augured a future free-soil West. Lingering Southern unhappiness with the results of the Compromise and a sense of foreboding helped motivate later sectional and political conflict over Kansas.

The Unionist Party, formed in support of the Compromise of 1850, gained 10 seats in the South, as did the States' Rights Party. The abolitionist Free Soil Party lost five seats and was reduced to four Representatives, all in New England.

Election summaries

130 7 10 86
Democratic [d] [e] Whig
State Type Date Total
seats
Democratic Free Soil States' Rights Unionist Whig
Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change
Iowa District August 5, 1850 2 2 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Missouri District August 5, 1850 5 2 Decrease3 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 3 Increase3
Vermont District September 3, 1850 4 1 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 3 Steady
Maine District September 9, 1850 7 5 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 2 Steady
Florida At-large October 7, 1850 1 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 1 Steady
Ohio District October 8, 1850 21 11[f] Steady 1 Decrease1 0 Steady 0 Steady 9 Increase1
Pennsylvania District October 8, 1850 24[g] 15 Increase6 0 Decrease1 0 Steady 0 Steady 9 Decrease4
South Carolina District October 14–15, 1850 7 7 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Illinois District November 5, 1850
(Election Day)[h]
7 6 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 1 Steady
Michigan District 3 1 Decrease1 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 2 Increase1
New Jersey District 5 4 Increase3 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 1 Decrease3
New York District 34 17 Increase16 0 Decrease1 0 Steady 0 Steady 17 Decrease15
Wisconsin District 3 2[f] Increase1 1 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Decrease1
Massachusetts District November 11, 1850 10[i] 1 Increase1 2 Increase1 0 Steady 0 Steady 7 Decrease1
Delaware At-large November 12, 1850 1 1 Increase1 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Decrease1
Late elections (after the March 4, 1851 beginning of the term)
New Hampshire District March 11, 1851 4 2 Steady 0 Decrease1 0 Steady 0 Steady 2 Increase1
Rhode Island District April 2, 1851 2 1 Increase1 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 1 Decrease1
Connecticut District April 7, 1851 4 3 Increase1 0 Decrease1 0 Steady 0 Steady 1 Steady
Alabama District August 4, 1851 7 4 Decrease1 0 Steady 0 Steady 1 Increase1 2 Steady
Arkansas At-large August 4, 1851 1 1 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Indiana District August 4, 1851 10 8 Steady 0 Decrease1 0 Steady 0 Steady 2 Increase1
Kentucky District August 4, 1851 10 5 Increase1 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 5 Decrease1
Texas District August 4, 1851 2 2 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
North Carolina District August 7, 1851 9 3 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 6 Steady
Tennessee District August 7, 1851 11 7[f] Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 4 Steady
California At-large September 3, 1851 2[j] 2 Increase1 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Maryland District October 1, 1851 6 2 Decrease1 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 4[k] Increase1
Georgia District October 6, 1851 8 0 Decrease4 0 Steady 2 Increase2 6 Increase6 0 Decrease4
Virginia District October 23, 1851 15 13 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 2 Steady
Mississippi District November 3–4, 1851 4 0 Decrease4 0 Steady 1 Increase1 3 Increase3 0 Steady
Louisiana District November 4, 1851 4 2 Decrease1 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 2 Increase1
Total 233 130[l]
55.8%
Increase17 4
1.7%
Decrease5 3
1.3%
Increase3 10
4.3%
Increase10 86[k]
36.9%
Decrease22
House seats
Democratic
55.79%
Free Soil
1.72%
Unionist
4.29%
Whig
36.91%
Others
1.29%

One district in Massachusetts had been vacant in the 31st Congress. No new seats were added.

The previous election had 1 Know-Nothing and 1 Independent.

Special elections

31st Congress

32nd Congress

Alabama

Elections were held August 4, 1851, after the March 4, 1851 beginning of the term, but before the House first convened in December 1851.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Alabama 1
Alabama 2
Alabama 3
Alabama 4
Alabama 5
Alabama 6
Alabama 7

Arkansas

The election was held August 4, 1851, after the March 4, 1851 beginning of the term, but before the House first convened in December 1851.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Arkansas at-large

California

California's members were elected late, at-large statewide, September 3, 1851. There were nevertheless seated with the rest of the House at the beginning of the first session.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
California at-large
2 seats on a general ticket
George W. Wright Independent 1849 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Edward Gilbert Democratic 1849 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.

Connecticut

Elections were held April 7, 1851, after the March 4, 1851 beginning of the term, but before the House first convened in December 1851.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Connecticut 1
Connecticut 2
Connecticut 3
Connecticut 4

Delaware

The election was held November 12, 1850.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Delaware at-large

Florida

The election was held October 7, 1850.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Florida at-large

Georgia

Elections were held October 6, 1851.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Georgia 1
Georgia 2
Georgia 3
Georgia 4
Georgia 5
Georgia 6
Georgia 7
Georgia 8

Illinois

Elections were held November 5, 1850.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Illinois 1
Illinois 2
Illinois 3
Illinois 4
Illinois 5
Illinois 6
Illinois 7

Indiana

Elections were held August 4, 1851, after the March 4, 1851 beginning of the term, but before the House first convened in December 1851.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Indiana 1
Indiana 2
Indiana 3
Indiana 4
Indiana 5
Indiana 6
Indiana 7
Indiana 8
Indiana 9
Indiana 10

Iowa

Elections were held August 5, 1850.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Iowa 1
Iowa 2

Kentucky

Elections were held August 4, 1851, after the March 4, 1851 beginning of the term, but before the House first convened in December 1851.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Kentucky 1
Kentucky 2
Kentucky 3
Kentucky 4
Kentucky 5
Kentucky 6
Kentucky 7
Kentucky 8
Kentucky 9
Kentucky 10

Louisiana

Elections were held November 4, 1851, after the March 4, 1851 beginning of the term, but before the House first convened in December 1851.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Louisiana 1
Louisiana 2
Louisiana 3
Louisiana 4

Maine

Elections were held September 9, 1850.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Maine 1
Maine 2
Maine 3
Maine 4
Maine 5
Maine 6
Maine 7

Maryland

Elections were held October 1, 1851 elections were after the March 4, 1851 beginning of the new term, but still before the Congress convened in December 1851.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Maryland 1
Maryland 2
Maryland 3
Maryland 4
Maryland 5
Maryland 6

Massachusetts

Elections were held November 11, 1850, but at least one district's elections went to multiple ballots into 1851.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Massachusetts 1
Massachusetts 2
Massachusetts 3
Massachusetts 4
Massachusetts 5
Massachusetts 6
Massachusetts 7 Julius Rockwell Whig 1844 (Late) Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected on the fourth ballot.
Whig hold.
First ballot (November 11, 1850):

Second ballot (January 20, 1851):

Third ballot (April 7, 1851):

Fourth ballot (May 26, 1851):
Massachusetts 8
Massachusetts 9
Massachusetts 10

Michigan

Elections were held November 5, 1850.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Michigan 1
Michigan 2
Michigan 3

Mississippi

Elections were held November 3–4, 1851, after the March 4, 1851 beginning of the term, but before the House first convened in December 1851.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Mississippi 1
Mississippi 2
Mississippi 3
Mississippi 4

Missouri

Elections were held August 5, 1850.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Missouri 1
Missouri 2
Missouri 3
Missouri 4
Missouri 5

New Hampshire

Elections were held March 11, 1851, after the March 4, 1851 beginning of the term, but before the House first convened in December 1851.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
New Hampshire 1
New Hampshire 2
New Hampshire 3
New Hampshire 4

New Jersey

Elections were held November 5, 1850.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
New Jersey 1
New Jersey 2
New Jersey 3
New Jersey 4
New Jersey 5

New York

Elections were held November 5, 1850.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
New York 1
New York 2
New York 3
New York 4
New York 5
New York 6
New York 7
New York 8
New York 9
New York 10
New York 11
New York 12
New York 13
New York 14
New York 15
New York 16
New York 17
New York 18
New York 19
New York 20
New York 21
New York 22
New York 23
New York 24
New York 25
New York 26
New York 27
New York 28
New York 29
New York 30
New York 31
New York 32
New York 33
New York 34

North Carolina

Elections were held August 7, 1851, after the March 4, 1851 beginning of the term, but before the House first convened in December 1851.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
North Carolina 1
North Carolina 2
North Carolina 3
North Carolina 4
North Carolina 5
North Carolina 6
North Carolina 7
North Carolina 8
North Carolina 9

Ohio

Elections were held October 8, 1850.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Ohio 1
Ohio 2
Ohio 3
Ohio 4
Ohio 5
Ohio 6
Ohio 7
Ohio 8
Ohio 9
Ohio 10
Ohio 11
Ohio 12
Ohio 13
Ohio 14
Ohio 15
Ohio 16
Ohio 17
Ohio 18
Ohio 19
Ohio 20
Ohio 21

Pennsylvania

Elections were held October 8, 1850.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Pennsylvania 1
Pennsylvania 2
Pennsylvania 3
Pennsylvania 4
Pennsylvania 5
Pennsylvania 6
Pennsylvania 7
Pennsylvania 8
Pennsylvania 9
Pennsylvania 10
Pennsylvania 11
Pennsylvania 12
Pennsylvania 13
Pennsylvania 14
Pennsylvania 15
Pennsylvania 16
Pennsylvania 17
Pennsylvania 18
Pennsylvania 19
Pennsylvania 20
Pennsylvania 21
Pennsylvania 22
Pennsylvania 23
Pennsylvania 24

Rhode Island

Elections were held April 2, 1851, after the March 4, 1851 beginning of the term, but before the House first convened in December 1851.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Rhode Island 1
Rhode Island 2

South Carolina

Elections were held October 14–15, 1850.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
South Carolina 1
South Carolina 2
South Carolina 3
South Carolina 4
South Carolina 5
South Carolina 6
South Carolina 7

Tennessee

Elections were held August 7, 1851, after the March 4, 1851 beginning of the term, but before the House first convened in December 1851.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Tennessee 1
Tennessee 2
Tennessee 3
Tennessee 4
Tennessee 5
Tennessee 6
Tennessee 7
Tennessee 8
Tennessee 9
Tennessee 10
Tennessee 11

Texas

Elections were held August 4, 1851, after the March 4, 1851 beginning of the term, but before the House first convened in December 1851.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Texas 1
Texas 2

Vermont

Elections were held September 3, 1850.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Vermont 1
Vermont 2
Vermont 3
Vermont 4

Virginia

Elections were held October 23, 1851, after the March 4, 1851 beginning of the term, but before the House first convened in December 1851.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Virginia 1
Virginia 2
Virginia 3
Virginia 4
Virginia 5
Virginia 6
Virginia 7
Virginia 8
Virginia 9
Virginia 10
Virginia 11
Virginia 12
Virginia 13
Virginia 14
Virginia 15

Wisconsin

Elections were held November 5, 1850.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates[7]
Wisconsin 1 Charles Durkee Free Soil 1848 Incumbent re-elected.
Wisconsin 2 Orsamus Cole Whig 1848 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Wisconsin 3 James Duane Doty Democratic 1848 Incumbent won re-election as an Independent.
Independent Democratic gain.

Non-voting delegates

District Incumbent This race
Delegate Party First elected Results Candidates
Minnesota Territory Henry Hastings Sibley Democratic 1848 (Wisconsin Territory: Special)
1849 (Wisconsin Territory: Eliminated)
1849 (Minnesota Territory)
Incumbent re-elected.
New Mexico Territory New seat New seat created.
New delegate elected.
Democratic gain.
Oregon Territory Samuel Thurston Democratic 1849 (New seat) Incumbent died April 9, 1851.
New delegate elected June 2, 1851.[9]
Democratic hold.
Utah Territory New seat New seat created.
New delegate elected.
Independent gain.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Includes two Unionist Whigs, three Unionist Democrats, and nine Unionists.
  2. ^ Includes one Secessionist Democrat, one Secessionist Whig, three Southern Rights Democrats, and three Southern Rightists.
  3. ^ Includes two Independent Democrats, one Benton Democrat and one Independent Whig.
  4. ^ Free Soil had 4 seats and States' Rights had 3.
  5. ^ Unionist had 10 seats.
  6. ^ a b c Includes one Independent Democrat.
  7. ^ There was 1 Know-Nothing in the 31st Congress.
  8. ^ In 1845, Congress passed a law providing for a uniform date for choosing presidential electors.[1] Congressional elections were unaffected by this law, but the date was gradually adopted by the states for Congressional elections as well.
  9. ^ One seat, Massachusetts's 4th congressional district, had been vacant during the entire 31st Congress.
  10. ^ There was 1 Independent in the 31st Congress.
  11. ^ a b Includes 1 Independent Whig.
  12. ^ Includes three Independent Democrats from Ohio, Tennessee, and Wisconsin.

References

  1. ^ Statutes at Large, 28th Congress, 2nd Session, p. 721
  2. ^ "Our Campaigns - CA - At Large Race - Sep 03, 1851". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved 2020-10-16.
  3. ^ https://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=727352
  4. ^ https://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=727353
  5. ^ https://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=727354
  6. ^ https://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=727351
  7. ^ "Wisconsin Congressional election 1850 / Official". Wisconsin Argus. December 17, 1850. p. 2. Retrieved May 23, 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
  8. ^ "Later from New-Mexico--Murder, and Great Excitement". timesmachine.nytimes.com. Retrieved 2020-10-16.
  9. ^ https://sos.oregon.gov/blue-book/Documents/elections/history-officials.pdf

Bibliography

External links

This page was last edited on 7 November 2020, at 23:00
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.