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1900 United States House of Representatives elections

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1900 United States House of Representatives elections

← 1898 June 4, 1900 – November 6, 1900 1902 →

All 357 seats in the U.S. House of Representatives
179 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
 
Colonel David B. Henderson - History of Iowa.jpg
James D Richardson.jpg
Leader David Henderson James Richardson
Party Republican Democratic
Leader since March 4, 1899 March 4, 1899
Leader's seat Iowa 3rd Tennessee 5th
Last election 187 seats 161 seats
Seats won 200[1][2] 151[1][2]
Seat change Increase 13 Decrease 10
Popular vote 6,929,305 6,081,813
Percentage 50.65% 44.45%
Swing Increase 2.10% Increase 0.27%

  Third party Fourth party
 
Party Populist Silver Republican
Last election 5 seats 2
Seats won 5[1][2] 1[2]
Seat change Steady Decrease 1
Popular vote 321,908 54,591
Percentage 2.35% 0.40%
Swing Decrease 1.89% Decrease 0.16%

  Fifth party
 
Party Independent
Last election 2
Seats won 0
Seat change Decrease 2
Popular vote 44,982
Percentage 0.33%
Swing Decrease 0.55%

Speaker before election

David Henderson
Republican

Elected Speaker

David Henderson
Republican

Elections to the United States House of Representatives were held in 1900 for members of the 57th Congress, coinciding with the re-election of president William McKinley.

McKinley's Republican Party gained thirteen seats from the Democratic Party and minor parties, cementing their majority. A reassertion of Republican control in the Mid-Atlantic was key in the gain of new seats. However, with an improved economy, especially in the industrial sector, the election cycle featured no keystone issue, resulting in a general support for the status quo. The fading Populist Party held on to five House seats, while the sole member of the Silver Party changed parties to Democratic. This was the last time a third party headed into house elections with a party leader. All subsequent third parties to serve in the House would not select a party leader.

Election summaries

151 6 200
Democratic [a] Republican
State Type Total
seats
Democratic Populist Republican Silver/
Silver Republican
Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change
Alabama District 9 9 Increase 1 0 Steady 0 Decrease 1 0 Steady
Arkansas District 6 6 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
California District 7 0 Decrease 1 0 Steady 7 Increase 1 0 Steady
Colorado District 2 0 Steady 1 Steady 0 Steady 1[b] Steady
Connecticut District 4 0 Steady 0 Steady 4 Steady 0 Steady
Delaware At-large 1 0 Steady 0 Steady 1 Steady 0 Steady
Florida District 2 2 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Georgia District 11 11 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Idaho At-large 1 0 Steady 1 Increase 1 0 Steady 0 Decrease 1[c]
Illinois District 22 11 Increase 3 0 Steady 11 Decrease 3 0 Steady
Indiana District 13 4 Steady 0 Steady 9 Steady 0 Steady
Iowa District 11 0 Steady 0 Steady 11 Steady 0 Steady
Kansas District
+at-large
8 1 Increase 1 0 Decrease 1 7 Steady 0 Steady
Kentucky District 11 8 Decrease 1 0 Steady 3 Increase 1 0 Steady
Louisiana District 6 6 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Maine[d] District 4 0 Steady 0 Steady 4 Steady 0 Steady
Maryland District 6 0 Decrease 2 0 Steady 6 Increase 2 0 Steady
Massachusetts District 13 3 Steady 0 Steady 10 Steady 0 Steady
Michigan District 12 0 Steady 0 Steady 12 Steady 0 Steady
Minnesota District 7 0 Steady 0 Steady 7 Steady 0 Steady
Mississippi District 7 7 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Missouri District 15 12 Steady 0 Steady 3[e] Steady 0 Steady
Montana At-large 1 0 Decrease 1 1 Increase 1 0 Steady 0 Steady
Nebraska District 6 2 Increase 1 2 Decrease 1 2 Steady 0 Steady
Nevada At-large 1 1 Increase 1 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Decrease 1[f]
New Hampshire District 2 0 Steady 0 Steady 2 Steady 0 Steady
New Jersey District 8 2 Steady 0 Steady 6 Steady 0 Steady
New York District 34 13 Decrease 5 0 Steady 21 Increase 5 0 Steady
North Carolina District 9 7 Increase 1 0 Decrease 1 2 Steady 0 Steady
North Dakota At-large 1 0 Steady 0 Steady 1 Steady 0 Steady
Ohio District 21 4 Decrease 2 0 Steady 17 Increase 2 0 Steady
Oregon[d] District 2 0 Steady 0 Steady 2 Steady 0 Steady
Pennsylvania District
+2 at-large
30 4 Decrease 6 0 Steady 26 Increase 6 0 Steady
Rhode Island District 2 0 Steady 0 Steady 2 Steady 0 Steady
South Carolina District 7 7 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
South Dakota At-large 2 0 Steady 0 Steady 2 Steady 0 Steady
Tennessee District 10 8 Steady 0 Steady 2 Steady 0 Steady
Texas District 13 13 Increase 1 0 Steady 0 Decrease 1 0 Steady
Utah At-large 1 0 Decrease 1 0 Steady 1 Increase 1 0 Steady
Vermont[d] District 2 0 Steady 0 Steady 2 Steady 0 Steady
Virginia District 10 10 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Washington At-large 2 0 Steady 0 Steady 2 Steady 0 Steady
West Virginia District 4 0 Decrease 1 0 Steady 4 Increase 1 0 Steady
Wisconsin District 10 0 Steady 0 Steady 10 Steady 0 Steady
Wyoming At-large 1 0 Steady 0 Steady 1 Steady 0 Steady
Total 357 151
42.3%
Decrease 10 5
1.4%
Decrease 1 200
56.0%
Increase 13 1[b]
0.3%
Decrease 2
House seats
Democratic
42.30%
Populist
1.40%
Republican
56.02%
Silver Republican
0.28%

The previous election of 1898 saw the election of 6 Populists, 2 Silver Republicans, and a Silver Party member.

  House seats by party holding plurality in state    .mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}  80+% Democratic    80+% Populist    80+% Republican     60+ to 80% Democratic       60+ to 80% Republican     Up to 60% Democratic    Up to 60% Populist    Up to 60% Republican
House seats by party holding plurality in state
  80+% Democratic
  80+% Populist
  80+% Republican
  60+ to 80% Democratic
 
  60+ to 80% Republican
  Up to 60% Democratic
  Up to 60% Populist
  Up to 60% Republican
  Net gain in party representation      6+ Democratic gain       6+ Republican gain     3-5 Democratic gain       3-5 Republican gain     1-2 Democratic gain    1-2 Populist gain    1-2 Republican gain     no net change
Net gain in party representation
  6+ Democratic gain
 
  6+ Republican gain
  3-5 Democratic gain
 
  3-5 Republican gain
  1-2 Democratic gain
  1-2 Populist gain
  1-2 Republican gain
  no net change

Early election dates

In 1900, three states, with 8 seats among them, held elections early:

Special elections

J. William Stokes (Democratic) of South Carolina's 7th congressional district died in office on July 6, 1901 and was replaced in a special election by Asbury F. Lever (Democratic)

Also:

California

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
California 1 John All Barham Republican 1894 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
  • Green tickY Frank Coombs (Republican) 55.3%
  • James F. Farraher (Democratic) 42.4%
  • William Morgan (Socialist) 1.6%
  • Charles T. Clark (Prohibition) 0.8%
California 2 Marion De Vries Democratic 1896 Incumbent resigned August 20, 1900 to accept a judicial position.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
  • Green tickY Samuel D. Woods[g] (Republican) 50.4%
  • J. D. Sproul (Democratic) 47.9%
  • W. F. Lockwood (Socialist) 0.9%
  • W. H. Barron (Prohibition) 0.8%
California 3 Victor H. Metcalf Republican 1898 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Victor H. Metcalf (Republican) 58.3%
  • Frank Freeman (Democratic) 38%
  • R. A. Dague (Socialist) 2.6%
  • Alvin W. Holt (Prohibition) 1.1%
California 4 Julius Kahn Republican 1898 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Julius Kahn (Republican) 55.7%
  • R. Porter Ashe (Democratic) 38.2%
  • Charles C. O'Donnell (Independent) 3.6%
  • G. B. Benham (Socialist) 2.2%
  • Joseph Rowell (Prohibition) 0.3%
California 5 Eugene F. Loud Republican 1890 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Eugene F. Loud (Republican) 55.7%
  • J. H. Henry (Democratic) 41.3%
  • C. H. King Sr. (Socialist) 2.2%
  • Fred E. Caton (Prohibition) 0.8%
California 6 Russell J. Waters Republican 1898 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold
  • Green tickY James McLachlan (Republican) 52.4%
  • W. D. Crichton (Democratic) 42.4%
  • Noble A. Richardson (Socialist) 3.1%
  • A. H. Hensley (Prohibition) 2.1%
California 7 James C. Needham Republican 1898 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY James C. Needham (Republican) 51.8%
  • William Graves (Democratic) 37.9%
  • H. G. Wilshire (Socialist) 7%
  • James Campbell (Prohibition) 3.2%

Florida

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Florida 1 Stephen M. Sparkman Democratic 1894 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 2 Robert Wyche Davis Democratic 1896 Incumbent re-elected.

Maryland

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Maryland 1 John Walter Smith Democratic 1898 Incumbent resigned January 12, 1900 upon being elected Governor.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
  • Green tickY William H. Jackson (Republican) 50.2% [h]
  • John P. Moore (Democratic) 46.3%
  • George A. Cox (Prohibition) 3.4%
  • George W. Covington (Independent) 0.0%
Maryland 2 William Benjamin Baker Republican 1894 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold
Maryland 3 Frank C. Wachter Republican 1898 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Frank C. Wachter (Republican) 51.8%
  • Robert Fulton Leach, Jr. (Democratic) 46.8%
  • Henry Louis Hillegeist (Prohibition) 0.7%
  • Henry F. Magness (Union Reform) 0.1%
  • Levin Thomas Jones (Social Democrat) 0.6%
Maryland 4 James W. Denny Democratic 1898 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
  • Green tickY Charles R. Schirm (Republican) 50.7%
  • James W. Denny (Democratic) 45.9%
  • Charles C. O'Donnell (Independent) 3.6%
  • William Gisriel (Prohibition) 0.7%
  • Charles B. Backman (Social Democrat) 0.1%
Maryland 5 Sydney Emanuel Mudd I Republican 1896 Incumbent re-elected.
Maryland 6 George A. Pearre Republican 1898 Incumbent re-elected
  • Green tickY George A. Pearre (Republican) 53.0%
  • Charles A. Little (Democratic) 45.4%
  • Samuel M. Hockman (Prohibition) 1.6%
  • George M. Fisher (Independent Republican) 0.1%
  • Robert W. Stevens (Independent) 0.0%
  • Charles T. Little () 0.0%

Nevada

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Nevada at-large Francis G. Newlands Democratic 1892 Incumbent re-elected.

South Carolina

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
South Carolina 1 William Elliott Democratic 1886
1890 (Lost contest)
1890
1892 (Retired)
1894
1896 (Lost contest)
1896
Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 2 W. Jasper Talbert Democratic 1892 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 3 Asbury Latimer Democratic 1892 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 4 Stanyarne Wilson Democratic 1894 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Democratic hold
South Carolina 5 David E. Finley Democratic 1898 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 6 James Norton Democratic 1897 (Special) Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Democratic hold
South Carolina 7 J. William Stokes Democratic 1894 Incumbent re-elected.

Non-voting delegates

Oklahoma Territory

District Incumbent This race
Delegate Party First elected Results Candidates
Oklahoma Territory at-large Dennis T. Flynn Republican 1892
1894 (Lost)
1898
Incumbent re-elected.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ There was 1 Silver Republican and 5 Populists.
  2. ^ a b Includes 1 member of the Silver Republican faction, John F. Shafroth, of CO-01.
  3. ^ Previous election had 1 member from the Silver Republican Party faction.
  4. ^ a b c Elections held early.
  5. ^ Elections in Missouri's 12th congressional district were contested multiple times, and the seat was considered vacant for much of the 57th Congress – Republican George C. Wagoner was finally seated just before the end of the 57th Congress.[3]
  6. ^ Previous election had 1 member from the Silver Party.
  7. ^ Also won special election to 56th Congress.
  8. ^ Josiah Kerr (Republican) elected on same date to fill remainder of the term in the 56th Congress.
  9. ^ a b c Full name unknown

References

  1. ^ a b c "Party Divisions of the House of Representatives* 1789–Present". Office of the Historian, United States House of Representatives. Retrieved May 18, 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d Martis, pp. 154–155.
  3. ^ See Dubin, p. 333 and 337–338.
  4. ^ "Our Campaigns - Container Detail Page". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  5. ^ https://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=299873

Bibliography

External links

This page was last edited on 26 November 2020, at 01:52
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