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1852 United States House of Representatives elections

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1852 United States House of Representatives elections

← 1850 August 2, 1852 – November 8, 1853 1854 →

All 234 seats to the United States House of Representatives
118 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party Third party
 
LinnBoyd.jpg
JosephRipleyChandler.png
Giddings brady 1955-65rr.jpg
Leader Linn Boyd Joseph R. Chandler Joshua Reed Giddings
Party Democratic Whig Free Soil
Leader's seat Kentucky-1st Pennsylvania-2nd Ohio-20th
Last election 130 seats 86 seats 4 seats
Seats won 158[Note 1] 71 4
Seat change Increase 28 Decrease 15 Steady

House033ElectionMap.png

Speaker before election

Linn Boyd
Democratic

Elected Speaker

Linn Boyd
Democratic

Elections to the United States House of Representatives for the 33rd Congress were held at various dates in different states from August 1852 to November 1853.

Democrats increased their House majority while electing Franklin Pierce to the Presidency. Though sectionalism remained a problem, the parties unified around the presidential campaign. Two small parties, the Constitutional Unionists and States' Rights parties, collapsed prior to this election, while the anti-slavery Free Soil Party retained four seats. One Independent, Caleb Lyon, was elected from New York.

Election summaries

Following the 1850 Census, the House was reapportioned. In the initial apportionment bill, the number of seats was unchanged at 233,[1] but later one seat was added to California's delegation, increasing the total apportionment to 234, due to returns from California being determined to be incomplete.[2]

158 1 4 71
Democratic I FS Whig
State Type Date Total
seats
Democratic Whig Free Soil Others
Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change
Iowa District August 2, 1852 2 Steady 1 Decrease1 1 Increase1 0 Steady 0 Steady
Missouri District August 2, 1852 7 Increase2 3 Increase1 4 Increase1 0 Steady 0 Steady
Vermont District September 7, 1852 3 Decrease1 0 Decrease1 3 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Maine District September 13, 1852 6 Decrease1 3 Decrease2 3 Increase1 0 Steady 0 Steady
Florida At-large October 5, 1852 1 Steady 1 Increase1 0 Decrease1 0 Steady 0 Steady
Indiana District October 12, 1852 11 Increase1 10 Increase2 1 Decrease1 0 Steady 0 Steady
Ohio District October 12, 1852 21 Steady 12 Increase1 7 Decrease2 2 Increase1 0 Steady
Pennsylvania District October 12, 1852 25 Increase1 16 Increase1 9 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
California At-large November 2, 1852
(Election Day)[Note 2]
2 Steady 2 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Illinois District 9 Increase2 5[Note 1] Decrease1 4 Increase3 0 Steady 0 Steady
Michigan District 4 Increase1 4 Increase3 0 Decrease2 0 Steady 0 Steady
New Jersey District 5 Steady 4 Steady 1 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
New York District 33 Decrease1 21 Increase4 10 Decrease7 1 Increase1 1[Note 3] Increase1
Wisconsin District 3 Steady 3 Increase1 0 Steady 0 Decrease1 0 Steady
Delaware At-large November 8, 1852 1 Steady 1 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Massachusetts District November 8, 1852 11 Increase1 1 Steady 9 Increase2 1 Decrease1 0 Steady
1853 elections
South Carolina District February 28–March 1, 1853 6 Decrease1 6 Decrease1 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
New Hampshire District March 8, 1853 3 Decrease1 3 Increase1 0 Decrease2 0 Steady 0 Steady
Connecticut District April 4, 1853 4 Steady 4 Increase1 0 Decrease1 0 Steady 0 Steady
Rhode Island District April 6, 1853 2 Steady 2 Increase1 0 Decrease1 0 Steady 0 Steady
Virginia District May 26, 1853 13 Decrease2 13 Steady 0 Decrease2 0 Steady 0 Steady
Arkansas District[Note 4] August 1, 1853 2 Increase1 2 Increase1 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Kentucky District August 1, 1853 10 Steady 5 Steady 5 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Texas District August 1, 1853 2 Steady 2 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
North Carolina District August 4, 1853 8 Decrease1 5 Increase2 3 Decrease3 0 Steady 0 Steady
Tennessee District August 4, 1853 10 Decrease1 5 Decrease2 5 Increase1 0 Steady 0 Steady
Alabama District August 8, 1853 7 Steady 6 Increase2 1 Decrease1 0 Steady 0 Decrease1[Note 5]
Georgia District October 3, 1853 8 Steady 6 Increase6 2 Increase2 0 Steady 0 Decrease8[Note 6]
Louisiana District November 1, 1853 4 Steady 3 Increase1 1 Decrease1 0 Steady 0 Steady
Maryland District November 2, 1853 6 Steady 4 Increase2 2 Decrease2 0 Steady 0 Steady
Mississippi District + 1 at-large November 7–8, 1853 5 Increase1 5 Increase5 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Decrease4[Note 7]
Total 234 Increase1 158[Note 1]
67.5%
Increase28 71
30.3%
Decrease15 4
1.7%
Steady 1
0.4%
Decrease12
House seats
Democratic
67.52%
Whig
30.34%
Free Soil
1.71%
Others
0.43%

California

Note: From statehood to 1864, California's representatives were elected at-large, with the top two vote-getters winning election from 1849 to 1858; in 1860 when California gained a seat in the House the top three vote-getters were elected.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
California at-large
Seat A
Edward C. Marshall Democratic 1851 (Late) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
James A. McDougall (Democratic) 84.4%
California at-large
Seat B
Joseph W. McCorkle Democratic 1851 (Late) Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
James A. McDougall (Democratic) 15.6%

Florida

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Florida at-large Edward C. Cabell Whig 1846 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Augustus Maxwell (Democratic) 50.1%
Edward C. Cabell (Whig) 49.9%

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c Includes 1 Independent Democrat, William Henry Bissell, elected to IL-08.
  2. ^ In 1845, Congress passed a law providing for a uniform date for choosing presidential electors (see: Statutes at Large, 28th Congress, 2nd Session, p. 721). Congressional elections were unaffected by this law, but the date was gradually adopted by the states for Congressional elections as well.
  3. ^ Caleb Lyon was elected to NY-23 as an Independent.
  4. ^ Changed from at-large.
  5. ^ Previous election had 1 Constitutional Union member.
  6. ^ Previous election had 6 Constitutional Union and 2 States' Rights.
  7. ^ Previous election had 3 Constitutional Union and 1 States' Rights.

References

  1. ^ Stat. 432
  2. ^ 10 Stat. 25

Bibliography

  • Dubin, Michael J. (March 1, 1998). United States Congressional Elections, 1788-1997: The Official Results of the Elections of the 1st Through 105th Congresses. McFarland and Company. ISBN 978-0786402830.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (January 1, 1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress, 1789-1989. Macmillan Publishing Company. ISBN 978-0029201701.
  • Moore, John L., ed. (1994). Congressional Quarterly's Guide to U.S. Elections (Third ed.). Congressional Quarterly Inc. ISBN 978-0871879967.
  • "Party Divisions of the House of Representatives* 1789–Present". Office of the Historian, House of United States House of Representatives. Retrieved January 21, 2015.

External links

This page was last edited on 14 June 2019, at 03:46
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