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Morgan Griffith

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Morgan Griffith
Morgan Griffith, Official Portrait, 112th Congress B.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 9th district
Assumed office
January 3, 2011
Preceded byRick Boucher
Majority Leader of the Virginia House of Delegates
In office
January 12, 2000 – December 5, 2010
Preceded byRichard Cranwell
Succeeded byKirk Cox
Member of the Virginia House of Delegates
from the 8th district
In office
January 12, 1994 – January 3, 2011
Preceded byG. Steven Agee
Succeeded byGreg Habeeb
Personal details
Born
Howard Morgan Griffith

(1958-03-15) March 15, 1958 (age 63)
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)Hilary Davis
Children3
EducationEmory and Henry College (BA)
Washington and Lee University (JD)
WebsiteHouse website

Howard Morgan Griffith (born March 15, 1958) is an American lawyer and politician who has been the U.S. Representative for Virginia's 9th congressional district since 2011. The district covers a large swath of southwestern Virginia, including the New River Valley and the Virginia side of the Tri-Cities. He is a member of the Republican Party and the Freedom Caucus.

Griffith was the majority leader of the Virginia House of Delegates and represented the 8th District from 1994 to 2011. The district was based in his hometown of Salem and included parts of surrounding Roanoke County.[1]

Early life, education, and career

Griffith was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and his family moved to Salem, Virginia, while he was a baby. He attended Andrew Lewis High School, graduating in 1976. He attended Emory and Henry College, graduating in 1980. Griffith completed his education with a J.D. from the Washington and Lee University School of Law in 1983.[2]

After law school, Griffith settled in Salem where he worked as a private attorney with a focus on traffic violations and DUI. On June 23, 2008, Albo & Oblon LLP, a law firm run by fellow Republican delegate Dave Albo, announced that Griffith was joining the firm as head of its new Roanoke/Salem office.[3]

Early political career

Griffith first became seriously involved in politics in 1986, when he was chosen as chair of the Salem Republican Party. He held that position from 1986 to 1988 and from 1991 to 1994.

Virginia House of Delegates

In 1993, Griffith was elected to the Virginia House of Delegates, defeating Democrat Howard C. Packett. He served as vice chair of the Rules Committee and on the Courts of Justice Committee, and chaired its Criminal Law Subcommittee. He also served on the Commerce and Labor and the Militia, Police, and Public Safety Committees.[4] He was elected House Majority Leader in 2000, the first Republican to hold that position in Virginia's history.[5]

U.S. House of Representatives

Elections

2010

Griffith was the Republican nominee to face longtime U.S. Representative Rick Boucher, who was first elected in 1982. His home in Salem was just outside the 9th's borders at the time; it was in the 6th District of fellow Republican Bob Goodlatte. But it included almost all of his House of Delegates district.

Griffith jumped into the race after Boucher voted for the cap and trade bill. Boucher made much of the fact that Griffith didn't live in the district. In turn, Griffith branded Boucher as a rubber stamp for Barack Obama and Nancy Pelosi. Griffith narrowly won the election.[6]

2012

Griffith defeated Democratic nominee Anthony Flaccavento, 61.3% to 38.6%.[7]

2016

Griffith defeated Democrat Derek Kitts and Independent Janice Boyd with 68.59% of the vote.

2018

Griffith defeated two Democratic opponents, Flaccavento and Justin Santopietro, and a Whig opponent, Scott Blankenship.[8]

2020

Griffith ran unopposed. He was reelected with 94.39% of the vote.

Committee assignments

Caucus memberships

Electoral history

Virginia House of Delegates, District 8: Results 1995 to 2009[14]
Year Republican Votes Pct Democratic Votes Pct Third Party Party Votes Pct
1995 Morgan Griffith 14,052 100% no candidate Write-ins 35 0%
1997 Morgan Griffith 15,383 100% no candidate Write-ins 12 0%
1999 Morgan Griffith 11,066 100% no candidate Write-ins 19 0%
2001 Morgan Griffith 17,401 70% D. Martin 7,581 30%
2003 Morgan Griffith 10,860 59% M Q Emick Sr. 7,469 41%
2005 Morgan Griffith 20,484 98% no candidate Write-ins 417 2%
2007 Morgan Griffith 13,670 96% no candidate Write-ins 563 4%
2009 Morgan Griffith 16,790 69% E. Carter Turner III 7,563 31%
Virginia's 9th congressional district
Year Republican Votes Pct Democratic Votes Pct Third Party Party Votes Pct
2010 Morgan Griffith 95,726 51.2% Rick Boucher 86,743 46.4% Jeremiah Heaton Independent 4,282 2.3%
2012 Morgan Griffith 184,882 61.28% Anthony Flaccavento 116,400 38.58% Write-ins 376 0.12%
2014 Morgan Griffith 117,465 72.15% no candidate William Carr Independent 39,412 24.21%
2016 Morgan Griffith 212,838 68.6% Derek Kitts 87,877 28.3% Janice Allen Boyd Independent 9,050 2.9%
2018 Morgan Griffith 160,933 65.2% Anthony Flaccavento 85,833 34.8% Write-ins 214 0.1%
2020 Morgan Griffith 271,851 94.0% no candidate Write-ins 17,423 6.0%

Political positions

Iraq

In June 2021, Griffith was one of 49 House Republicans to vote to repeal the AUMF against Iraq.[15][16]

Immigration

Griffith has voted to allow Virginia to enforce federal immigration laws to criminalize knowingly employing illegal immigrants or undocumented workers,[17] and also voted to criminalize possession of firearms by illegal aliens.[18]

Gay rights

While serving in the Virginia House of Delegates, Griffith supported a constitutional amendment to prohibit same-sex marriage by defining marriage as between one man and one woman.[19] He voted in favor of a motion to effectively kill a bill to prohibit discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation for government employees in Virginia.[20]

Environment

In 2017, Griffith voted to nullify the Stream Protection Rule, which included improvements in the protection of water supplies, water quality, streams, fish and other wildlife that can be negatively affected by surface coal mining.[21] The same year, he joined other members of the House of Representatives in passing an amendment to H.R. 3354, which undermined the Environmental Protection Agency’s ability to enforce environmental standards in the Chesapeake Bay watershed, which covers six states and the District of Columbia.[22][23]

Griffith is a proponent of "an 'all of the above' energy strategy" that utilizes both fossil fuel and renewable energy sources.[24] In 2011, he joined other GOP members in urging Interior Secretary Ken Salazar to reconsider the ban on offshore drilling off Virginia's coast.[25]

Gun rights

Griffith voted in favor of several bills to reduce restrictions on gun ownership, including a bill to allow concealed weapons in vehicles without a permit[26] and to allow concealed weapons permit holders to carry their firearms in restaurants and bars.[27] He also voted to prohibit consumption of alcohol while in possession of a concealed weapon.[28] In 2004 Griffith voted to prohibit carrying firearms or ammunition in non-secure areas of airport terminals, including baggage claim areas.[29][30]

Health care

Early in 2010, Griffith voted in favor of a bill to prohibit any individual mandate to purchase health insurance.[31] This law passed Virginia's legislature before the federal Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act was enacted, which Virginia has used to challenge the individual mandate in federal court.[32] On July 17, 2013, Griffith was the lone GOP member of the House to vote against delaying the implementation of the individual mandate.[33]

Just before the United States federal government shutdown of 2013, Griffith issued a press release in which he endorsed the final House version of Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2014, which would have continued funding for federal government operations while delaying implementation of the Affordable Care Act.[34] He voted against the Continuing Appropriations Act, 2014, the Senate-proposed compromise that ended the shutdown without defunding the ACA.[35]

Death penalty

Griffith has consistently voted for expansions of the death penalty to include eligibility for accomplices to a murder, as well as for those who murder a judge or a witness.[36][37][38]

Abortion

When surveyed in 1999 on his political positions by Project Vote Smart, Griffith indicated that he supports legalized abortion in the first trimester and to save the life of the mother,[39] while favoring the restriction of abortion through parental notification laws and prohibition of partial-birth abortion. His voting record has generally been consistent with that survey, voting in favor of restrictions such as parental-notification and parental-consent, restricting state funding of abortions,[40] and requiring abortion clinics to meet the same licensing requirements as surgical centers. In 2006 Griffith voted to restrict state funding for fetal stem cell research.[41]

In 2007 Griffith voted against[42] a bill in the Virginia General Assembly, HB 2797, which stated "That life begins at the moment of fertilization and the right to enjoyment of life guaranteed by Article 1, § 1 of the Constitution of Virginia is vested in each born and preborn human being from the moment of fertilization".[43]

Griffith's 2010 campaign website reported that Griffith has a "100% pro-life" voting record and an "A" rating from the Virginia Society for Human Life (VSHL). But VSHL's report on 2007 legislation in Virginia omits reference to HB 2797.[44] Project Vote Smart indicated that Griffith declined to retake their survey in 2010.[39]

Taxes and spending

Griffith supports raising the retirement age and reducing the number of American troops serving overseas as means of reducing the federal budget deficit.[45] Most recently, he voted for the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017.[46]

Medical marijuana

In 2014, Griffith introduced legislation to move marijuana from a Schedule I to a Schedule II narcotic, which would effectively make the drug legal for medical purposes under federal law.[47]

Texas v. Pennsylvania

In December 2020, Griffith was one of 126 Republican members of the House of Representatives to sign an amicus brief in support of Texas v. Pennsylvania, a lawsuit filed at the United States Supreme Court contesting the results of the 2020 presidential election, in which Joe Biden defeated[48] incumbent Donald Trump. The Supreme Court declined to hear the case on the basis that Texas lacked standing under Article III of the Constitution to challenge the results of an election held by another state.[49][50][51]

House Speaker Nancy Pelosi issued a statement that called signing the amicus brief an act of "election subversion." She also criticized Griffith and the other House members who supported the lawsuit: "The 126 Republican Members that signed onto this lawsuit brought dishonor to the House. Instead of upholding their oath to support and defend the Constitution, they chose to subvert the Constitution and undermine public trust in our sacred democratic institutions."[52][53] New Jersey Representative Bill Pascrell, citing section three of the 14th Amendment, called for Pelosi to not seat Griffith and the other Republicans who signed the brief supporting the suit, arguing that "the text of the 14th Amendment expressly forbids Members of Congress from engaging in rebellion against the United States. Trying to overturn a democratic election and install a dictator seems like a pretty clear example of that."[54] On January 6, 2021, Griffith was one of the 147 Republican members of Congress who objected to certifying the 2020 presidential election.

Personal life

Griffith is married to the former Hilary Davis. They have three children. He is Episcopalian.[55] In 2014 he founded the Friends of Wales Caucus in honor of his Welsh heritage.[56]

On July 14, 2020, Griffith tested positive for COVID-19.[57]

References

  1. ^ Giroux, Greg (2010-02-23). "Griffith Touts Support For Bid Against Boucher – The Eye (CQ Politics)". Blogs.cqpolitics.com. Archived from the original on 2010-03-02. Retrieved 2010-08-29.
  2. ^ Zanona, Melanie (November 6, 2010). "112th Congress: Morgan Griffith, R-Va. (9th District)". Congressional Quarterly.
  3. ^ "H. Morgan Griffith to join Albo & Oblon LLP". MarketWatch, Inc. 2008-06-23. Retrieved 2008-08-15.
  4. ^ "Virginia House of Delegates: Session 2002: Griffith, H. Morgan". Commonwealth of Virginia. Retrieved 27 July 2017.
  5. ^ "About the Congressman". Archived from the original on 2011-12-27. Retrieved 2012-02-03.
  6. ^ "GOP's Griffith ousts 14-term Va. Democratic Rep. Boucher". The Virginian-Pilot. Associated Press. November 2, 2010.
  7. ^ Archer, Bill (6 November 2012). "Griffith re-elected in Va.'s 'Fightin' Ninth'". Bluefield Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
  8. ^ "Virginia Whigs Endorse Blankenship for Congress". Virginia Modern Whig Party. February 13, 2018.
  9. ^ "Members". Congressional Constitution Caucus. Archived from the original on 14 June 2018. Retrieved 8 May 2018.
  10. ^ "Members". Congressional Western Caucus. Retrieved 27 June 2018.
  11. ^ "Members of the Veterinary Medicine Caucus". Veterinary Medicine Caucus. Retrieved 12 October 2018.
  12. ^ ""Boehner-vs.-Freedom-Caucus Battle Escalates"". Archived from the original on 2015-07-28. Retrieved 2019-06-21.
  13. ^ "Griffith Inducted Into House Liberty Caucus".
  14. ^ Election Results Archived 2010-06-17 at the Wayback Machine Virginia State Board of Elections
  15. ^ "House votes to repeal 2002 Iraq War authorization".
  16. ^ https://clerk.house.gov/evs/2021/roll172.xml
  17. ^ Project Vote Smart
  18. ^ Virginia State Legislature archives
  19. ^ Project Vote Smart website
  20. ^ SB 66 – Prohibiting Sexual Orientation Discrimination in State Government Employment – Voting Record
  21. ^ Bill, Johnson (2017-02-16). "H.J.Res.38 - 115th Congress (2017-2018): Disapproving the rule submitted by the Department of the Interior known as the Stream Protection Rule". www.congress.gov. Retrieved 2018-10-12.
  22. ^ Bob, Goodlatte (2017-09-07). "H.Amdt.354 to H.R.3354 - 115th Congress (2017-2018)". www.congress.gov. Retrieved 2018-10-12.
  23. ^ "Spotlight on FERC". POLITICO. Retrieved 2018-10-12.
  24. ^ "Energy and Environment | Congressman Morgan Griffith". morgangriffith.house.gov. Retrieved 2018-10-12.
  25. ^ "Interior secretary urged to reconsider offshore drilling ban for Virginia". U.S. House of Representatives. 2011-11-17. Retrieved 2018-10-12.
  26. ^ Project Vote Smart
  27. ^ Project Vote Smart
  28. ^ Project Vote Smart
  29. ^ www.roanoke.com Archived 2012-09-13 at archive.today
  30. ^ Virginia State Legislature archives
  31. ^ Project Vote Smart
  32. ^ www.healthleadersmedia.com
  33. ^ U.S. News & World Report: "House votes to postpone individual mandate"
  34. ^ "Griffith Statement on Latest House Efforts to Keep the Government Open"
  35. ^ Office of the Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives: Final Vote Results for Roll Call 550
  36. ^ Project Vote Smart
  37. ^ Project Vote Smart
  38. ^ Project Vote Smart
  39. ^ a b Project Vote Smart
  40. ^ Project Vote Smart
  41. ^ Project Vote Smart
  42. ^ Virginia State Legislature archives
  43. ^ Virginia State Legislature archives
  44. ^ www.12cups.org Archived 2011-07-24 at the Wayback Machine
  45. ^ Melissa Hipolit (14 July 2011). "Local congressmen react to debt talks". TriCities.com. Retrieved 18 July 2011.
  46. ^ K.K. REBECCA LAI (16 November 2017). "How Every Member Voted on the House Tax Bill". New York Times. Retrieved 2 December 2017.
  47. ^ Jackman, Tom (30 April 2014). "Va. Rep. Griffith introduces federal 'Legitimate Use of Medicinal Marijuana Act'". Washington Post. Retrieved 2 May 2014.
  48. ^ Blood, Michael R.; Riccardi, Nicholas (December 5, 2020). "Biden officially secures enough electors to become president". AP News. Archived from the original on December 8, 2020. Retrieved December 12, 2020.
  49. ^ Liptak, Adam (2020-12-11). "Supreme Court Rejects Texas Suit Seeking to Subvert Election". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on December 11, 2020. Retrieved 2020-12-12.
  50. ^ "Order in Pending Case" (PDF). Supreme Court of the United States. 2020-12-11. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 11, 2020. Retrieved December 11, 2020.
  51. ^ Diaz, Daniella. "Brief from 126 Republicans supporting Texas lawsuit in Supreme Court". CNN. Archived from the original on December 12, 2020. Retrieved December 11, 2020.
  52. ^ Smith, David (2020-12-12). "Supreme court rejects Trump-backed Texas lawsuit aiming to overturn election results". The Guardian. Retrieved 2020-12-13.
  53. ^ "Pelosi Statement on Supreme Court Rejecting GOP Election Sabotage Lawsuit" (Press release). Speaker Nancy Pelosi. December 11, 2020. Retrieved December 13, 2020.
  54. ^ Williams, Jordan (2020-12-11). "Democrat asks Pelosi to refuse to seat lawmakers supporting Trump's election challenges". TheHill. Archived from the original on December 12, 2020. Retrieved 2020-12-12.
  55. ^ "The Voter's Self Defense System".
  56. ^ Bowman, Bridget (28 February 2014). "Dragons, Daffodils and a Drop of Whiskey for Welsh Caucus". Rollcall. Archived from the original on 4 November 2018. Retrieved 10 September 2019.
  57. ^ @RepMGriffith (14 July 2020). (Tweet) https://twitter.com/RepMGriffith/status/1283070778351788034 – via Twitter. Missing or empty |title= (help)

External links

Virginia House of Delegates
Preceded by
G. Steven Agee
Member of the Virginia House of Delegates
from the 8th district

1994–2011
Succeeded by
Greg Habeeb
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Rick Boucher
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 9th congressional district

2011–present
Incumbent
U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Paul Gosar
United States representatives by seniority
137th
Succeeded by
Andy Harris
This page was last edited on 29 August 2021, at 05:59
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