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Schoolcraft County, Michigan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Schoolcraft County, Michigan
Seul Choix-Light.jpg
Map of Michigan highlighting Schoolcraft County

Location in the U.S. state of Michigan
Map of the United States highlighting Michigan

Michigan's location in the U.S.
FoundedMarch 9, 1843 (created)
1876 (organized)[1][2]
Named forHenry Schoolcraft
SeatManistique
Largest cityManistique
Area
 • Total1,884 sq mi (4,880 km2)
 • Land1,171 sq mi (3,033 km2)
 • Water713 sq mi (1,847 km2), 38%
Population
 • (2010)8,485
 • Density7.2/sq mi (2.8/km2)
Congressional district1st
Time zoneEastern

Schoolcraft County is a county located in the Upper Peninsula of the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 8,485.[3] The county seat is Manistique,[4] which lies along the northern shore of Lake Michigan. The county is named in honor of Henry Schoolcraft, who explored the area with the expedition of Lewis Cass.[1] The county was founded in 1843 and organized in 1876.[5] The county is largely rural and forested, with much of its western portion within Hiawatha National Forest.

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Transcription

Contents

Geography

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,884 square miles (4,880 km2), of which 1,171 square miles (3,030 km2) is land and 713 square miles (1,850 km2) (38%) is water.[6]

Major highways

  • US 2 – runs east and NE across south edge of county. Passes Cooks, Manistique, Parkington, Blaney Park.
  • M-28 – runs east-west across upper middle part of county. Passes Seney.
  • M-77 – enters county near NE corner. Runs south past Seney to intersection with US2 near Blaney Park.
  • M-94 – enters county near NW corner. Runs south and SE to instersection with US2 near Manistique.
  • M-149 – enters near SW corner of county. Runs east to intersection with US2 at Manistique.
  • H-13 / FFH 13 – runs north from Cooks through Hiawatha National Park.

Airport

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18801,575
18905,818269.4%
19007,88935.6%
19108,68110.0%
19209,97714.9%
19308,451−15.3%
19409,52412.7%
19509,148−3.9%
19608,953−2.1%
19708,226−8.1%
19808,5754.2%
19908,302−3.2%
20008,9037.2%
20108,485−4.7%
Est. 20168,001[7]−5.7%
US Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2013[3]

The 2010 United States Census[12] indicates Schoolcraft County had a population of 8,485. This decrease of 418 people from the 2000 United States Census represents a -4.7% change in population. In 2010 there were 3,759 households and 2,425 families in the county. The population density was 7 people per square mile (3/km²). There were 6,313 housing units at an average density of 5 per square mile (2/km²). 87.6% of the population were White, 8.8% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% Black or African American, 0.1% of some other race and 3.3% of two or more races. 0.8% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race). 16.2% were of German, 13.2% French, French Canadian or Cajun, 7.8% Swedish, 6.7% Irish, 5.3% Polish, 5.2% English and 5.1% American ancestry.[13]

There were 3,759 households out of which 22.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.9% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.5% were non-families. 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.72.

The county population contained 19.9% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 19.6% from 25 to 44, 33.3% from 45 to 64, and 21.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48.3 years. The population was 49.5% male and 50.5% female.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,367, and the median income for a family was $49,561. The per capita income for the county was $21,134. About 11.7% of families and 15.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.3% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Schoolcraft County has been Republican-leaning from its start. Since 1876, the Republican Party nominee has carried the county vote in 69% of the elections (25 of 36 elections).

Presidential Election Results
Presidential Elections Results[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 61.2% 2,556 32.8% 1,369 6.0% 252
2012 52.8% 2,142 45.9% 1,865 1.3% 54
2008 47.5% 2,058 50.4% 2,184 2.2% 93
2004 51.1% 2,267 48.1% 2,137 0.8% 37
2000 49.7% 2,088 48.5% 2,036 1.8% 74
1996 31.0% 1,200 56.5% 2,187 12.5% 484
1992 30.4% 1,253 51.8% 2,139 17.9% 737
1988 46.4% 1,802 53.3% 2,071 0.3% 13
1984 52.5% 2,139 47.1% 1,920 0.4% 18
1980 47.9% 2,097 44.9% 1,964 7.2% 313
1976 46.5% 1,933 52.0% 2,158 1.5% 63
1972 56.0% 2,310 42.7% 1,759 1.3% 55
1968 45.4% 1,745 48.6% 1,869 6.0% 230
1964 34.3% 1,397 65.6% 2,675 0.1% 4
1960 50.8% 2,183 49.0% 2,107 0.2% 8
1956 58.7% 2,453 41.3% 1,723 0.0% 1
1952 58.1% 2,352 41.8% 1,692 0.2% 8
1948 49.7% 1,713 47.9% 1,651 2.4% 83
1944 49.4% 1,704 50.0% 1,724 0.6% 19
1940 46.2% 2,003 53.5% 2,320 0.3% 11
1936 36.8% 1,430 60.1% 2,333 3.1% 122
1932 49.1% 1,722 47.3% 1,660 3.7% 129
1928 66.8% 1,826 32.1% 877 1.1% 30
1924 61.3% 1,515 7.7% 190 31.0% 765
1920 71.3% 1,776 17.2% 428 11.5% 286
1916 59.0% 994 37.0% 623 4.1% 69
1912 38.0% 595 21.5% 337 40.6% 636[15]
1908 79.4% 1,360 16.9% 289 3.7% 63
1904 83.5% 1,472 12.8% 225 3.7% 66
1900 69.9% 1,141 28.2% 460 1.9% 31
1896 62.9% 973 35.4% 548 1.7% 27
1892 41.8% 570 47.7% 650 10.6% 144
1888 47.8% 590 47.7% 589 4.5% 55
1884 62.5% 518 34.9% 289 2.7% 22
1880 79.3% 157 20.7% 41 0.0% 0
1876 52.8% 121 45.0% 103 2.2% 5
Rural road in Schoolcraft County
Rural road in Schoolcraft County

Schoolcraft County operates the County jail, Schoolcraft County Public Transit, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, records deeds, mortgages, and vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget and has limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions — police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance, etc. — are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.

Communities

City

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Historic places

The National Register of Historic Places listings in Schoolcraft County, Michigan are:

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Bibliography on Schoolcraft County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. Retrieved January 29, 2013.
  2. ^ "History :: Houghton County, Michigan". houghtoncounty.net. Archived from the original on January 21, 2011.
  3. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. Retrieved August 29, 2013.
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  5. ^ "Schoolcraft County – Early 1880s". cityofmanistique.org. Schoolcraft County Historical Society. Retrieved October 4, 2014.
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved September 28, 2014.
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  8. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved September 28, 2014.
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 28, 2014.
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved September 28, 2014.
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved September 28, 2014.
  12. ^ "Census 2010 American Fact Finder". Retrieved July 17, 2013.
  13. ^ Data Access and Dissemination Systems (DADS). "American FactFinder". census.gov.
  14. ^ US Election Atlas
  15. ^ The leading "other" candidate, Progressive Theodore Roosevelt, received 570 votes, while Socialist candidate Eugene Debs received 49 votes, Prohibition candidate Eugene Chafin received 14 votes, and Socialist Labor candidate Arthur Reimer received 3 votes.

External links

This page was last edited on 4 December 2018, at 01:57
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