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Alger County, Michigan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Alger County
Alger County Courthouse Complex, Munising (2009)
Alger County Courthouse Complex, Munising (2009)
Official seal of Alger County
Map of Michigan highlighting Alger County
Location within the U.S. state of Michigan
Map of the United States highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 47°10′N 86°29′W / 47.16°N 86.48°W / 47.16; -86.48
Country United States
State Michigan
FoundedMarch 17, 1885[1]
Named forRussell A. Alger
SeatMunising
Largest cityMunising
Area
 • Total5,048 sq mi (13,070 km2)
 • Land915 sq mi (2,370 km2)
 • Water4,133 sq mi (10,700 km2)  82%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total8,842
 • Density10/sq mi (4/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district1st
Websitehttps://www.algercounty.gov/

Alger County is a county in the Upper Peninsula of the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2020 Census, the population was 8,842.[2] Its county seat is Munising.[3] The Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore is located within the county.

History

Alger County was detached from Schoolcraft County, set off and organized in 1885. The county was named for lumber baron Russell Alexander Alger, who was elected as a Michigan Governor, and US Senator, and appointed as US Secretary of War during the William McKinley Presidential administration.[1] See also, List of Michigan county name etymologies, List of Michigan counties, and List of abolished U.S. counties.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 5,048 square miles (13,070 km2), of which 915 square miles (2,370 km2) is land and 4,133 square miles (10,700 km2) (82%) is water.[4] It is the second-largest county in Michigan by total area, mainly because of Lake Superior on the north side of the county.

Highways

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Bridalveil Falls emptying into Lake Superior
Bridalveil Falls emptying into Lake Superior

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18901,238
19005,868374.0%
19107,67530.8%
19209,98330.1%
19309,327−6.6%
194010,1679.0%
195010,007−1.6%
19609,250−7.6%
19708,568−7.4%
19809,2257.7%
19908,972−2.7%
20009,8629.9%
20109,601−2.6%
20208,842−7.9%
US Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2018[2]

The 2010 United States Census[9] indicates Alger County had a population of 9,601. This decrease of 261 people from the 2000 United States Census represents a 2.6% population decrease. In 2010 there were 3,898 households and 2,479 families residing in the county. The population density was 11 inhabitants per square mile (4.2/km2). There were 6,554 housing units at an average density of 7 per square mile (3/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 86.3% White, 6.4% Black or African American, 4.1% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% of some other race and 2.7% of two or more races. 1.2% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

Regarding specific ethnicities, 15.7% of the population was of German heritage, 13.5% Finnish, 12.6% French, French Canadian or Cajun, 9.3% English, 7.3% Polish, 6.9% Irish and 5.3% American ancestry.[10]

There were 3,898 households, out of which 20.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.2% were married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.4% were non-families. 31.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.2 and the average family size was 2.74.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 17.1% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 22.8% from 25 to 44, 32.8% from 45 to 64, and 20.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47.3 years. The population was 54.4% male and 45.6% female.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,231, and the median income for a family was $46,154. The per capita income for the county was $19,858. About 9.3% of people in families and 14.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.3% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over.

Government

The county government operates the jail, maintains rural roads, operates local courts, records deeds, mortgages, and vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of welfare and other social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget and has limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions — police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance, etc. — are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.

Communities

U.S. Census data map showing local municipal boundaries within Alger County.  Shaded areas represent incorporated cities.
U.S. Census data map showing local municipal boundaries within Alger County. Shaded areas represent incorporated cities.

City

Village

Civil townships

Unincorporated communities

Indian reservations

Politics

Alger County was reliably Republican from the beginning through 1928. Since then it has voted for the Democratic nominee 65% (15 of 23) of the time.

United States presidential election results for Alger County, Michigan[12]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 3,014 58.70% 2,053 39.98% 68 1.32%
2016 2,585 57.22% 1,663 36.81% 270 5.98%
2012 2,330 50.45% 2,212 47.90% 76 1.65%
2008 2,188 46.06% 2,472 52.04% 90 1.89%
2004 2,318 48.65% 2,395 50.26% 52 1.09%
2000 2,142 49.06% 2,071 47.43% 153 3.50%
1996 1,429 33.77% 2,229 52.68% 573 13.54%
1992 1,471 32.19% 2,144 46.91% 955 20.90%
1988 1,830 45.08% 2,210 54.45% 19 0.47%
1984 2,175 51.69% 2,018 47.96% 15 0.36%
1980 2,059 44.31% 2,242 48.25% 346 7.45%
1976 1,722 41.38% 2,379 57.17% 60 1.44%
1972 2,035 52.48% 1,803 46.49% 40 1.03%
1968 1,406 40.03% 1,927 54.87% 179 5.10%
1964 1,010 26.90% 2,743 73.05% 2 0.05%
1960 1,663 41.68% 2,321 58.17% 6 0.15%
1956 2,070 49.37% 2,105 50.20% 18 0.43%
1952 2,066 49.68% 2,058 49.48% 35 0.84%
1948 1,702 42.73% 2,009 50.44% 272 6.83%
1944 1,504 37.26% 2,519 62.41% 13 0.32%
1940 1,629 34.84% 2,984 63.83% 62 1.33%
1936 1,291 30.67% 2,824 67.09% 94 2.23%
1932 1,354 36.69% 2,111 57.21% 225 6.10%
1928 1,716 59.05% 1,053 36.24% 137 4.71%
1924 1,623 66.52% 228 9.34% 589 24.14%
1920 1,263 66.09% 468 24.49% 180 9.42%
1916 687 48.31% 650 45.71% 85 5.98%
1912 290 26.56% 263 24.08% 539 49.36%
1908 997 75.59% 231 17.51% 91 6.90%
1904 1,081 81.40% 204 15.36% 43 3.24%
1900 1,017 69.90% 415 28.52% 23 1.58%
1896 801 58.42% 539 39.31% 31 2.26%
1892 160 50.31% 156 49.06% 2 0.63%
1888 284 62.28% 162 35.53% 10 2.19%


See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Bibliography on Alger County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. Retrieved July 2, 2013.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. Retrieved September 15, 2021.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on November 13, 2013. Retrieved September 18, 2014.
  5. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved September 18, 2014.
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 18, 2014.
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved September 18, 2014.
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved September 18, 2014.
  9. ^ "U.S. Census website". Retrieved July 6, 2013.
  10. ^ "U.S. Census website".
  11. ^ United States Census Bureau (2000). "Michigan County Subdivision Outline Map" (PDF). Retrieved April 13, 2018.
  12. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 8, 2018.

External links


This page was last edited on 19 February 2022, at 22:22
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