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2020 United States Senate election in Michigan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

2020 United States Senate election in Michigan
Flag of Michigan.svg

← 2014 November 3, 2020 2026 →
 
Gary Peters official photo 115th congress.jpg
John James 3 (1).png
Nominee Gary Peters John James
Party Democratic Republican
Popular vote 2,734,568 2,642,233
Percentage 49.9% 48.2%

Michigan Senate Election Results by County, 2020.svg
County results
Peters:      40–50%      50–60%      60–70%      70–80%
James:      40–50%      50–60%      60–70%      70–80%

U.S. senator before election

Gary Peters
Democratic

Elected U.S. Senator

Gary Peters
Democratic

The 2020 United States Senate election in Michigan was held on November 3, 2020, to elect a member of the United States Senate to represent Michigan. It was held concurrently with the 2020 U.S. presidential election, as well as other elections to the United States Senate, elections to the United States House of Representatives and various state and local elections.

Incumbent Gary Peters was one of two Democratic U.S. Senators up for re-election in 2020 in a state President Donald Trump carried in 2016; the other was Doug Jones from Alabama.[1] The primary was held on August 4.[2] The filing deadline for candidates to run in the primary was April 21[3] but was extended to May 8 due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[4] The election was considered a potential upset pickup by the Republicans due to the state's demographic trends, incumbent Trump's upset win in 2016, and Republican candidate John James's outperformance of polling expectations despite losing the state's Senate election in 2018. However, most experts still believed Peters to be the more likely winner.

Peters won re-election to a second term, though by a closer margin than expected.[5] James, who outperformed Trump on the same ballot, initially refused to concede,[6] baselessly claiming in a statement published to his campaign website two days after the election that he had been "cheated" out of winning the election. The statement alleged, without evidence, that there were "deep concerns that millions of Michiganders may have been disenfranchised by a dishonest few who cheat[s]"."[7] On November 24, James conceded the race exactly three weeks after election day.[8] With a margin of 1.68%, this election was the second-closest race of the 2020 Senate election cycle, behind only the 2021 runoff election in Georgia.

Democratic primary

Candidates

Nominee

Declined

Endorsements

Democratic primary results

Democratic primary results[32]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Gary Peters (Incumbent) 1,180,780 100.0%
Total votes 1,180,780 100.0%

Republican primary

Candidates

Nominee

Disqualified

Declined

Endorsements

John James

Polling

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[a]
Margin
of error
John
James
Bill
Schuette
Undecided
June 6, 2019 Schuette announces that he will not run by endorsing James
Target Insyght April 22–25, 2019 296 (LV)[b] 59% 15% 26%

Results

Republican primary results[32]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John James 1,005,315 100.0%
Total votes 1,005,315 100.0%

Other candidates

Communist Party

Withdrawn

Green Party

Nominee

  • Marcia Squier (2018 Green Party nominee for US Senate)[46]

Natural Law Party

Nominee

U.S. Taxpayers Party

Nominee

  • Valerie L. Willis (switched from Republican candidacy after being disqualified for the Republican primary)[37]

Independents

  • Leonard Gadzinski [47]

Withdrawn

General election

Predictions

Source Ranking As of
The Cook Political Report[48] Lean D August 17, 2020
Inside Elections[49] Lean D September 18, 2020
Sabato's Crystal Ball[50] Lean D August 5, 2020
Daily Kos[51] Lean D August 31, 2020
Politico[52] Lean D September 9, 2020
RCP[53] Tossup September 17, 2020
Niskanen[54] Likely D September 15, 2020
DDHQ[55] Likely D September 16, 2020
538[56] Likely D September 18, 2020
Economist[57] Likely D September 23, 2020

Endorsements

Gary Peters (D)
U.S. Executive Branch Officials
U.S. Senators
Organizations
Labor unions
Newspapers

Detroit Free Press

Polling

Graphical summary

Aggregate polls

John James vs. Gary Peters
Source of poll aggregation Dates administered Dates updated Gary Peters John James Other/Undecided[c] Margin
270 To Win November 2, 2020 November 3, 2020 49.8% 42.2% 8.0% Peters +7.6
Real Clear Politics November 1, 2020 November 3, 2020 49.8% 44.4% 5.8% Peters +5.4
Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[a]
Margin
of error
Gary
Peters (D)
John
James (R)
Other/
Undecided
Research Co. October 31 – November 1, 2020 450 (LV) ± 4.6% 52% 37% 12%[d]
Change Research/CNBC October 29 – November 1, 2020 383 (LV) ± 5.01% 51% 46% 3%[e]
Swayable October 27 – November 1, 2020 393 (LV) ± 6.6% 54% 46%
Ipsos/Reuters October 27 – November 1, 2020 654 (LV) ± 4.4% 51% 44% 5%[f]
Ipsos/Reuters October 27 – November 1, 2020 654 (LV) ± 4.4% 51% 44% 5%[g]
Morning Consult October 22–31, 2020 1,736 (LV) ± 2.0% 49% 43%
Emerson College October 29–30, 2020 700 (LV) ± 3.4% 52%[h] 46% 2%[i]
Public Policy Polling (D)[A] October 29–30, 2020 745 (V) ± 3.6% 54% 44% 2%[j]
Targoz Market Research/PollSmart October 25–30, 2020 993 (LV) 54% 43% 2%[k]
CNN/SSRS October 23–30, 2020 907 (LV) ± 3.8% 52% 40% 7%[l]
Mitchell Research (R) October 29, 2020 817 (LV) ± 3.43% 50% 45% 5%[m]
RMG Research October 27–29, 2020 800 (LV) ± 3.5% 50%[n] 41% 9%[o]
52%[p] 39% 9%[q]
48%[r] 42% 9%[s]
EPIC-MRA October 25–28, 2020 600 (LV) ± 4% 47% 42% 11%[t]
Kiaer Research October 21–28, 2020 669 (LV) ± 5.6% 51% 38% 11%[u]
Mitchell Research (R) October 25–27, 2020 759 (LV) ± 3.56% 52% 43% 3%[v]
Tarrance Group (R)[B] October 24–26, 2020[w] – (V)[x] ± 4.3% 48% 46% 1%[y]
Swayable October 23–26, 2020 365 (LV) ± 6.9% 58% 42%
Siena College/NYT Upshot October 23–26, 2020 856 (LV) ± 3.8% 49% 41% 8%[z]
Ipsos/Reuters October 20–26, 2020 652 (LV) ± 4.4% 50% 44% 6%[aa]
Glengariff Group October 23–25, 2020 600 (LV) ± 4% 48% 39% 9%[ab]
ABC/Washington Post October 20–25, 2020 789 (LV) ± 4% 52% 46% 2%[ac]
Gravis Marketing October 24, 2020 679 (LV) ± 3.8% 52% 41% 7%[ad]
Public Policy Polling (D)[C] October 21–22, 2020 804 (V) 52% 43% 6%[ae]
Citizen Data October 17–20, 2020 1,000 (LV) ± 3.1% 46% 42% 12%[af]
FOX News October 17–20, 2020 1,032 (LV) ± 3% 49% 41% 9%[ag]
Reuters/Ipsos October 14–20, 2020 686 (LV) ± 4.3% 50% 45% 5%[ah]
Morning Consult October 11–20, 2020 1,717 (LV) ± 2.4% 48% 42%
Change Research/CNBC October 16–19, 2020 718 (LV)[ai] 50% 45%
EPIC-MRA October 15–19, 2020 600 (LV) ± 4% 45% 39% 16%[aj]
Mitchell Research (R) October 18, 2020 900 (LV) ± 3.27% 49% 43% 8%[ak]
Trafalgar Group (R)/Restoration PAC (Hyperpartisan)[96][96][97][D] October 15–18, 2020 1,034 (LV) ± 2.97% 48% 50% 3%[al]
Data For Progress October 15–18, 2020 830 (LV) ± 3.4% 48% 43% 9%[am]
HarrisX/The Hill October 12–15, 2020 1,289 (LV) 50%[an] 43%
Trafalgar Group (R) October 11–15, 2020 1,018 (LV) ± 2.99% 47% 48% 5%[ao]
Reuters/Ipsos October 7–13, 2020 620 (LV) ± 4.5% 52% 44% 4%[ap]
EPIC-MRA October 8–12, 2020 600 (LV) ± 4% 45% 39% 16%[aq]
Siena College/NYT Upshot October 6–11, 2020 614 (LV) ± 4.6% 43% 42% 15%[ar]
Morning Consult October 2–11, 2020 1,710 (LV) ± 2.4% 49% 40%
YouGov/CBS October 6–9, 2020 1,181 (LV) ± 3.3% 47% 44% 9%[as]
Baldwin Wallace University September 30 – October 8, 2020 1,134 (LV) ± 3.2% 48% 42% 10%[at]
Emerson College October 6–7, 2020 716 (LV) ± 3.6% 51% 41% 8%[au]
Opinion Insight/American Action Forum[E] October 3–6, 2020 800 (LV) ± 3.46% 49%[av] 42% 8%[aw]
Reuters/Ipsos September 29 – October 6, 2020 709 (LV) ± 4.2% 50% 43% 7%[ax]
Tarrance Group (R)[B] October 3–5, 2020 605 (RV) ± 4.1% 48% 46%
Change Research/CNBC October 2–4, 2020 676 (LV) 51% 43% 6%[ay]
Glengariff Group September 30 – October 3, 2020 600 (LV) ± 4% 45% 40% 16%[az]
Public Policy Polling (D)[F] September 30 – October 1, 2020 746 (V) 48% 41% 10%[ba]
Trafalgar Group (R)/Restoration PAC (Hyperpartisan)[98][G] September 26–28, 2020 1,042 (LV) ± 2.95% 48% 47% 5%[bb]
Trafalgar Group (R) September 23–25, 2020 1,047 (LV) ± 2.95% 47% 47% 6%[bc]
Marist College/NBC September 19–23, 2020 799 (LV) ± 4.3% 49% 44% 7%[bd]
Baldwin Wallace University September 9–22, 2020 1,001 (LV) ± 3.6% 46% 41% 13%
Change Research/CNBC September 18–20, 2020 568 (LV) 50% 44% 5%[be]
Morning Consult September 11–20, 2020 1,376 (LV) ± (2% – 7%) 47%[bf] 40%
Hart Research Associates (D)[H] September 17–19, 2020 400 (LV) ± 4.9% 50% 42%
Data for Progress (D) September 14–19, 2020 455 (LV) ± 4.6% 47% 42% 12%[bg]
Marketing Resource Group (R) September 14–19, 2020 600 (LV) ± 4.0% 42% 40% 20%[bh]
Morning Consult September 8–17, 2020 1,451 (LV)[bi] ± (2% – 4%) 48% 40%
Ipsos/Reuters September 11–16, 2020 637 (LV) ± 4.4% 49% 43% 7%[bj]
EPIC-MRA September 10–15, 2020 600 (LV) ± 4% 45% 41% 14%[bk]
Redfield & Wilton Strategies September 12–14, 2020 930 (LV) ± 3.21% 51% 35% 13%[bl]
Benenson Strategy Group/GS Strategy Group[I] August 28 – September 8, 2020 1,600 (LV) ± 2.5% 45% 41% 14%[bm]
Change Research/CNBC September 4–6, 2020 876 (LV) ± 3.2% 50% 46% 5%[bn]
Rasmussen Reports September 2–3, 2020 1,000 (LV) ± 3.0% 48% 40% 13%[bo]
Glengariff Group/Detroit News September 1–3, 2020 600 (LV) ± 4.0% 44% 41% 14%[bp]
Tarrance Group (R)[B] September 1–3, 2020 569 (RV) 47% 46% 7%[bq]
Redfield & Wilton Strategies August 30 – September 3, 2020 967 (LV) ± 3.2% 50% 38% 12%[br]
Opinion Insight/American Action Forum[E] August 30 – September 2, 2020 802 (LV) ± 3.46% 49%[bs] 42% 8%[bt]
Public Policy Polling (D)[F] August 28–29, 2020 897 (V) ± 3.2% 47% 39% 14%[bu]
Change Research/CNBC August 21–23, 2020 809 (LV) ± 3.4% 50% 45% 6%[bv]
Trafalgar Group (R) August 14–23, 2020 1,048 (LV) ± 3.0% 47% 48% 5%[bw]
Redfield & Wilton Strategies August 16–18, 2020 812 (LV) ± 3.4% 48% 39% 13%[bx]
Hodas & Associates/Restoration PAC[J](Hyperpartisan)[99] August 11–15, 2020 600 (LV) 53% 39% 8%[by]
Tarrance Group (R)[B] August 10–13, 2020 602 (RV) ± 4.1% 49% 44% 7%
Change Research/CNBC August 7–9, 2020 413 (LV) ± 4.6% 48% 45% 7%[bz]
EPIC-MRA July 25–30, 2020 600 (LV) ± 4.0% 50% 40% 10%[ca]
Public Policy Polling (D)[F] July 28–29, 2020 876 (V) ± 3.2% 47% 39% 13%[cb]
Change Research/CNBC July 24–26, 2020 413 (LV) ± 4.8% 48% 44% 8%
Morning Consult July 17–26, 2020 1,320 (LV) ± 3.0% 49% 35% 16%
CNN/SSRS July 18–24, 2020 927 (RV) ± 3.8% 54% 38% 8%[cc]
Redfield & Wilton Strategies July 19–23, 2020 811 (LV) ± 3.2% 52% 35% 13%[cd]
Gravis Marketing[100] July 22, 2020 754 (LV) ± 3.6% 49% 39% 11%[ce]
Marketing Resource Group (R) July 19–21, 2020 600 (LV) ± 4.0% 41% 34% 26%[cf]
FOX News July 18–20, 2020 756 (RV) ± 3.5% 48% 38% 15%[cg]
Hodas & Associates/Restoration PAC (R) (Hyperpartisan)[101] July 13–16, 2020 600 (LV) ± 4.0% 51% 40% 9%[ch]
Spry Strategies (R)[K] July 11–16, 2020 600 (LV) ± 3.7% 47% 37% 15%[ci]
Change Research/CNBC July 10–12, 2020 824 (LV) ± 2.8% 50% 43% 6%[cj]
Public Policy Polling (D)[L] July 9–10, 2020 1,041 (V) ± 3.2% 49% 42% 9%
Change Research/CNBC June 26–28, 2020 699 (LV)[ck] ± 3.9% 49% 42% 9%[cl]
Public Policy Polling (D)[F] June 26–27, 2020 1,237 (V) ± 3.2% 47% 39% 14%[cm]
Hodas & Associates/Restoration PAC (R) (Hyperpartisan)[102][102][103][104][105][106][107][108][98][100] June 17–20, 2020 600 (LV) ± 4.0% 51% 38% 12%[cn]
NYT Upshot/Siena College June 8–17, 2020 610 (RV) ± 4.3% 41% 31% 29%[co]
Redfield & Wilton Strategies June 14–16, 2020 826 (LV) ± 3.4% 50% 32% 18%[cp]
Marketing Resource Group (R) June 12–15, 2020 600 (LV) ± 4.0% 36% 30% 33%[cq]
American Greatness/TIPP (R) June 9–12, 2020 907 (RV) ± 3.3% 47% 35% 17%[cr]
Kiaer Research May 31 – June 7, 2020 543 (LV) ± 6.4% 48% 32% 20%[cs]
EPIC-MRA May 30 – June 3, 2020 600 (LV) ± 4.0% 51% 36% 13%[ct]
Public Policy Polling (D)[F] May 29–30, 2020 1,582 (V) ± 2.5% 48% 39% 13%[cu]
Change Research/Crooked Media May 11–17, 2020 3,070 (LV) ± 2.6% 48% 43% 9%
Hodas & Associates/Restoration PAC (R) (Hyperpartisan) [109][109][110][111][112][113][114][115][99][101][96] May 1–5, 2020 600 (LV) ± 3.0% 48% 36% 17%[cv]
Public Policy Polling (D) April 28–29, 2020 1,270 (V) ± 3.2% 46% 37% 17%
FOX News April 18–21, 2020 801 (RV) ± 3.5% 46% 36% 13%
Hodas & Associates/Restoration PAC (R) (Hyperpartisan)[116] April 9–18, 2020 600 (LV) ± 3.0% 46% 37% 17%
Public Policy Polling (D) March 31 – April 1, 2020 1,019 (V) ± 3.1% 45% 38% 17%
Spry Strategies (R) March 30 – April 1, 2020 602 (LV) ± 4.0% 42% 40% 18%
Hodas & Associates/Restoration PAC (R) (Hyperpartisan)[117][117][118][119][120][121][122][123][101][103][98] March 12–21, 2020 600 (LV) ± 4.0% 48% 39% 13%
Marketing Resource Group (R) March 16–20, 2020 600 (LV) ± 4.0% 42% 35% 17%[cw]
Firehouse/0ptimus March 5–7, 2020 550 (LV) ± 5.0% 40% 41% 11%
Quinnipiac University February 12–18, 2020 845 (RV) ± 3.4% 45% 39% 15%
Baldwin Wallace University January 8–20, 2020 1,023 (RV) ± 3.1% 42% 32% 26%
Glengariff Group January 3–7, 2020 600 (LV) ± 4.0% 44% 40% 16%
Hodas & Associates/Restoration PAC (R) (Hyperpartisan)[124][124][125][126][127][128][129][130][102][104][99] November 24–26, 2019 600 (LV) ± 3.0% 43% 44% 12%
Emerson College October 31 – November 3, 2019 1,051 (RV) ± 3.5% 46% 40% 14%
Hodas & Associates Restoration PAC (R) (Hyperpartisan)[131] October 10–16, 2019[cx] 600 (LV) ± 3.0% 48% 35% 17%
Marketing Resource Group (R) October 7–10, 2019 600 (LV) ± 4.0% 43% 40% 17%
Target-Insyght/MIRS News September 24–26, 2019 804 (LV) ± 3.5% 53% 37% 10%
Denno Research/Vanguard PA/PSC (D) September 21–24, 2019 600 (LV) ± 4.0% 40% 39% 21%
Target Insyght April 22–25, 2019 800 (LV) ± 3.5% 50% 36% 14%
Emerson College March 7–10, 2019 743 (LV) ± 3.5% 44% 43% 14%
Hypothetical polling

The following poll assumes neither Republican candidate would withdraw after their primary.

with Bob Carr and John James
Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[a]
Margin
of error
Gary
Peters (D)
Bob
Carr (R)
John
James (R)
Undecided
Baldwin Wallace University Great Lakes March 17–25, 2020 822 (RV) ± 3.8% 40% 6%[cy] 27% 28%
with Bill Schuette
Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[a]
Margin
of error
Gary
Peters (D)
Bill
Schuette (R)
Undecided
Target Insyght April 22–25, 2019 800 (LV) ± 3.5% 51% 32% 17%
with Gary Peters and Generic Republican
Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[a]
Margin
of error
Gary
Peters (D)
Generic
Republican
Undecided
Denno Research/Vanguard PA (D) May 8–10, 2019 600 (LV) ± 4.0% 42% 36% 21%
with Gary Peters and Generic Opponent
Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[a]
Margin
of error
Gary
Peters (D)
Generic
Opponent
Undecided
MRG Jun 12–15, 2020 600 (LV) ± 4.0% 19.2% 30.3%[cz] 50.5%
with Generic Democrat and Generic Republican
Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[a]
Margin
of error
Generic
Democrat
Generic
Republican
Other Undecided
Glengariff Group/Detroit News October 23–25, 2020 600 (LV) ± 4% 47% 41%
Ipsos/Reuters September 11–16, 2020 637 (LV) ± 4.4% 47% 43% 2%[da] 8%[db]
Hodas & Associates/Restoration PAC[M] August 11–15, 2020 600 (LV) 48% 39% 13%
Hodas & Associates/Restoration PAC (R) (Hyperpartisan)[101] July 13–16, 2020 600 (LV) ± 4.0% 49% 38% 13%
Hodas & Associates/Restoration PAC (R) June 17–20, 2020 600 (LV) ± 4.0% 50% 34% 15%
Hodas & Associates/Restoration PAC (R) (Hyperpartisan) May 1–5, 2020 600 (LV) ± 3.0% 43% 38% 15%[dc]
Hodas & Associates/Restoration PAC (R) (Hyperpartisan) April 9–18, 2020 600 (LV) ± 3.0% 40% 44% 16%[dd]
Hodas & Associates/Restoration PAC (R) (Hyperpartisan) March 12–21, 2020 600 (LV) ± 4.0% 46% 42% 12%[de]

General results

Polls indicated that the race would be close with Peters leading in most polls. In 2018, Michigan voters approved 'no reason required' absentee balloting.[132] The COVID-19 pandemic led to a record number of absentee voters.[133] Michigan law does not allow for early tabulating of absentee ballots,[134] so the absentee ballots were tabulated after completing the tabulating of ballots from polling places. This created a 'mirage' effect because more Republicans voted on Election Day and more Democrats voted by absentee ballot.[135] James was ahead when the counting of Election Day ballots was completed. When the absentee ballots were tabulated and with 98% of the votes counted, Peters was declared the winner by a tight margin of one percentage point after a day of waiting.[136] When the results were certified on November 23, Peters' margin of victory was 1.68%.[137]

United States Senate election in Michigan, 2020[138]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Gary Peters (incumbent) 2,734,568 49.90% -4.71%
Republican John James 2,642,233 48.22% +6.89%
Taxpayers Valerie Willis 50,597 0.92% -0.28%
Green Marcia Squier 39,217 0.72% -0.12%
Natural Law Doug Dern 13,093 0.24% N/A
Write-in 12 0.00% ±0.00%
Total votes 5,479,720 100.0%
Democratic hold

African-Americans in Detroit were a major demographic contributing to Gary Peters winning the election.[139]

Litigation

After Peters took the lead in the election on the 4th, James refused to concede the race. The following day, James claimed that he had been cheated out of winning the election in a statement published to his campaign website. The statement[he] said that there were "[...] deep concerns that millions of Michiganders may have been disenfranchised by a dishonest few who cheat" and that "[...] there is enough credible evidence to warrant an investigation to ensure that elections were conducted in a transparent, legal and fair manner."[7] A lawyer for James' campaign alleged that fraud was committed at the TCF Center, which the Trump campaign had also attempted to claim had committed fraud in a dismissed lawsuit.[6][140][141] James conceded the election to Peters on November 24.[142]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Key:
    A – all adults
    RV – registered voters
    LV – likely voters
    V – unclear
  2. ^ Sample size estimated by multiplying the total sample size with the percentage of it that identifies as Republican
  3. ^ Calculated by taking the difference of 100% and all other candidates combined.
  4. ^ "Someone else" with 2%; Undecided with 10%
  5. ^ "Refused" with 1%; Did not vote and would not vote with 0%; Undecided with 2%
  6. ^ "Some other candidate" with 3%; would not vote with 0%; Undecided with 2%
  7. ^ "Some other candidate" with 3%; would not vote with 0%; Undecided with 2%
  8. ^ With voters who lean towards a given candidate
  9. ^ "Someone else" with 2%
  10. ^ Squier (G) with 0%; Undecided with 2%
  11. ^ "Not sure/Someone else/Undecided" with 2%
  12. ^ Squier (G) with 3%; "None of these" with 1%; "Other" with 0%; Undecided with 3%
  13. ^ "Other" with 3%; Undecided with 2%
  14. ^ Standard VI response
  15. ^ "Other" with 3%; Undecided with 6%
  16. ^ Results generated with high Democratic turnout model
  17. ^ "Other" with 3%; Undecided with 6%
  18. ^ Results generated with high Republican turnout model
  19. ^ "Other" with 3%; Undecided with 6%
  20. ^ "Third party" with 5%; "Undecided/Refused" with 6%
  21. ^ "Other/third party" with 2%; Undecided with 9%
  22. ^ Undecided with 3%
  23. ^ Additional details sourced from FiveThirtyEight
  24. ^ Not yet released
  25. ^ Undecided with 1%
  26. ^ Squier (G) and would not vote with 1%; Dern (Natural Law), "Someone else" and Willis (Taxpayers) with 0%; "Undecided/Refused" with 6%
  27. ^ "Some other candidate" with 4%; would not vote with 0%; "Undecided/Refused" with 2%
  28. ^ Undecided with 9%
  29. ^ "Other" with 1%; "None of these" with 0%; would not vote with no voters; Undecided with 1%
  30. ^ Undecided with 7%
  31. ^ Undecided with 6%
  32. ^ "Other" with 1%; Undecided with 11%
  33. ^ "Other" with 3%; would not vote with 1%; Undecided with 5%
  34. ^ "Some other candidate" with 3%; would not vote with 0%; "Undecided/Refused" with 2%
  35. ^ Additional data sourced from FiveThirtyEight
  36. ^ "Third party candidate" with 5%; "Undecided/Refused" with 11%
  37. ^ Undecided with 8%
  38. ^ "Someone else" and Undecided with 1%
  39. ^ Undecided with 9%
  40. ^ Additional data sourced from FiveThirtyEight
  41. ^ "Someone else" and Undecided with 3%
  42. ^ "Some other candidate" with 2%; would not vote with 0%; "Undecided/Refused" with 2%
  43. ^ "Third party candidate" with 5%; "Undecided/Refused" with 11%
  44. ^ Squier (G) and would not vote with 1%; Dern (Natural Law), "someone else" and Willis (Taxpayers Party) with 0%; "Undecided/Refused" with 13%
  45. ^ "Someone else" with 1%; Undecided with 8%
  46. ^ Undecided with 10%
  47. ^ "Someone else" with 2%; Undecided with 6%
  48. ^ With voters who lean towards a given candidate
  49. ^ Did/would not vote with 1%; Undecided with 6%
  50. ^ "Some other candidate" with 3%; would not vote with 1%; "Undecided/Refused" with 3%
  51. ^ "Do not recall" with 1%; "Did not vote" and would not vote with 0%; Undecided with 5%
  52. ^ "Refused" with 2%; "Third Party" with 1%; Undecided with 13%
  53. ^ Squier (G) with 3%; Undecided with 7%
  54. ^ "Another Party Candidate" with 2%; Undecided with 4%
  55. ^ "Another Party Candidate" with 2%; Undecided with 4%
  56. ^ "Other" with 1%; Undecided with 6%
  57. ^ Would not vote with 2%; Undecided with 3%
  58. ^ Overlapping sample with the previous Morning Consult poll, but more information available regarding sample size
  59. ^ Undecided with 12%
  60. ^ "Someone else" with 8%; "Refused" and would not vote with 1%; Undecided with 10%
  61. ^ Additional data sourced from FiveThirtyEight
  62. ^ "Some other candidate" with 1%; would not vote with 0%; Undecided with 6%
  63. ^ "Third party candidate" with 5%; "Undecided/Refused" with 9%
  64. ^ "Another Third Party/Write-in" with 2%; Undecided with 11%
  65. ^ Squier (G) with 2%; Willis (Taxpayers Party) with 1%; Dern (Natural Law) and "someone else" with 0%; Undecided with 11%
  66. ^ Would not vote with 1%; Undecided with 4%
  67. ^ "Some other candidate" with 3%; Undecided with 10%
  68. ^ Undecided with 14%
  69. ^ "Other candidates" with 3%; Undecided with 4%
  70. ^ "Another Third Party/Write-in" with 1%; Undecided with 11%
  71. ^ With voters who lean towards a given candidate
  72. ^ Would not vote with 1%; Undecided with 7%
  73. ^ Squier (G) with 4%; Undecided with 10%
  74. ^ Would not vote with 1%; Undecided with 5%
  75. ^ "Another party candidate" with 2%; Undecided with 3%
  76. ^ "Third party/write-in" with 1%; Undecided with 12%
  77. ^ Undecided with 8%
  78. ^ Would not vote with 2%; Undecided with 5%
  79. ^ "Undecided/refused" with 10%
  80. ^ "Third party" with 4%; Undecided with 9%
  81. ^ "None of the above/neither" with 2%; "Other" with 0%; Undecided with 6%
  82. ^ "Third party/write-in" with 2%; Undecided with 11%
  83. ^ Undecided with 11%
  84. ^ "Someone else" with 14%; "refused" and would not vote with 0%; Undecided with 12%
  85. ^ "Other" with 3%; would not vote with 2%; Undecided with 10%
  86. ^ Undecided with 9%
  87. ^ "Another candidate" with 7%; Undecided with 8%
  88. ^ Undecided with 5%; would not vote with 1%
  89. ^ Additional data sourced from FiveThirtyEight
  90. ^ Undecided with 7%; "would not vote" with 2%
  91. ^ Undecided with 10%; "would not vote" with 4%
  92. ^ Undecided with 12%
  93. ^ Undecided with 24%; would not vote with 4%; "Another candidate" with 1%
  94. ^ Undecided with 15%; "Third party/write-in" with 3%
  95. ^ Undecided with 18.2%; "Someone else" with 13.7%; Would not vote with 1.5%
  96. ^ Not sure with 13%; "Other" with 4%; "prefer not to answer" with 0%
  97. ^ Undecided with 17%; "A different candidate" with 3%
  98. ^ Includes "refused"
  99. ^ "Third party" with 3%; Undecided with 10%
  100. ^ Undecided with 17%
  101. ^ "Someone else" with 2%; "Refused" and would not vote with 1%; Undecided with 13%
  102. ^ Additional data sourced from FiveThirtyEight
  103. ^ The survey indicates the candidate is called 'Bob Barr', but this is assumed to be an error.
  104. ^ "It is time for someone new" with 30.3% as opposed to "Peters deserves to be re-elected"
  105. ^ "Candidate from another party" with 2%
  106. ^ "Prefer not to answer/refused" with 7%; "will not vote/not sure" with 1%
  107. ^ "Independent/Undecided" with 15%
  108. ^ "Independent/Undecided" with 16%
  109. ^ "Independent/Undecided" with 12%
Partisan clients
  1. ^ Progress Michigan is a non-profit that primarily supports Democratic candidates
  2. ^ a b c d Poll conducted for James' campaign.
  3. ^ Poll sponsored by The American Bridge PAC, which exclusively supports Democratic candidates.
  4. ^ The Restoration PAC is a 501 non-profit which supports Donald Trump's 2020 presidential campaign
  5. ^ a b The American Action Forum is a 501 organisation which usually supports Republican candidates
  6. ^ a b c d e Poll conducted for Progress Michigan, a non-profit that primarily supports Democratic candidates.
  7. ^ The Restoration PAC is a 501 non-profit which supports Donald Trump's 2020 presidential campaign
  8. ^ Poll sponsored by the Human Rights Campaign which has endorsed Biden prior to this poll's sampling period.
  9. ^ Poll sponsored by AARP.
  10. ^ The Restoration PAC is a 501 non-profit which supports Donald Trump's 2020 presidential campaign
  11. ^ This poll's sponsor is the American Principles Project, a 501 that supports the Republican Party.
  12. ^ Poll sponsored by Giffords, which had endorsed Peters prior to the sampling period
  13. ^ The Restoration PAC is a 501 non-profit which supports Donald Trump's 2020 presidential campaign

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Further reading

External links

Official campaign websites
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