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1840 and 1841 United States House of Representatives elections

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1840 and 1841 United States House of Representatives elections

← 1838 & 1839 July 6, 1840 – November 2, 1841 1842 & 1843 →

All 242 seats in the U.S. House of Representatives
122 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
 
John White.jpg
JohnWinstonJones.jpg
Leader John White John Jones
Party Whig Democratic
Leader's seat Kentucky 9th Virginia 3rd
Last election 116 seats 126 seats
Seats won 142 98
Seat change Increase 26 Decrease 28
Popular vote 1,089,609 1,021,051
Percentage 51.04% 47.83%
Swing Increase 1.31% Decrease 2.18%

  Third party
 
Party Independent
Last election 0 seats
Seats won 2 [a]
Seat change Increase 2
Popular vote 18,063
Percentage 0.85%
Swing Increase 0.44%

Speaker before election

Robert M. T. Hunter
Whig

Elected Speaker

John White
Whig

Elections to the United States House of Representatives for the 27th Congress were held at various dates in different states from July 1840 to November 1841.

In a Whig wave, voters gave the Whig Party a House majority for the first time. Most Americans experienced the Panic of 1837 as a severe economic downturn. Its perceived mishandling by Democratic President Martin Van Buren fueled new support for alternative economic policies favored by Whigs of which voters had previously been skeptical. Collapse of the Anti-Masonic Party in the late 1830s also drove some third-party incumbents into the Whig Party. Newly elected members included Robert M. T. Hunter, Independent of Virginia,[1][2][3] and Zadok Casey, Independent Democrat of Illinois.[4][5]

Election summaries

98 2 142
Democratic [b] Whig
State Type Date Total
seats
Democratic Whig
Seats Change Seats Change
Louisiana Districts July 6–8, 1840 3 1 Increase1 2 Decrease1
Missouri At-large August 3, 1840 2 2 Steady 0 Steady
Illinois Districts August 7, 1840 3 2[c] Steady 1 Steady
Vermont Districts September 4, 1840 5 0 Decrease2 5 Increase2
Maine Districts September 14, 1840 8 4 Decrease2 4 Increase2
Arkansas At-large October 5, 1840 1 1 Steady 0 Steady
Georgia At-large October 6, 1840 9 0 Steady 9 Steady
South Carolina Districts October 12–13, 1840 9 8 Steady 1 Steady
Ohio Districts October 13, 1840 19 7 Decrease4 12 Increase4
Pennsylvania District (25[d]) October 13, 1840 28 15 Decrease2 13 Increase8
New York District (33[e]) November 2–4, 1840 40 21 Increase2 19 Decrease2
Connecticut Districts November 3, 1840 6 0 Steady 6 Steady
Michigan At-large November 3, 1840 1 0 Decrease1 1 Increase1
New Jersey At-large November 3, 1840 6 0 Decrease5 6 Increase5
Massachusetts Districts November 9, 1840 12 1 Decrease1 11 Increase1
Delaware At-large November 10, 1840 1 0 Decrease1 1 Increase1
1841 elections
New Hampshire At-large March 9, 1841 5 5 Steady 0 Steady
Rhode Island At-large April 21, 1841 2 0 Steady 2 Steady
Virginia[f] Districts April 23, 1841 21[f] 10 Decrease2 10 Increase3
Kentucky Districts April 26, 1841 13 2 Steady 11 Steady
Indiana Districts May 3, 1841 7 1 Decrease4 6 Increase4
Tennessee Districts May 6, 1841 13 5 Decrease1 8 Increase1
North Carolina Districts May 13, 1841 13 5 Decrease3 8 Increase3
Maryland District (7[g]) May 17, 1841 8 2 Decrease3 6 Increase3
Alabama At-large[h] May 20, 1841 5 5 Increase2 0 Decrease2
Mississippi At-large November 1–2, 1841 2 2 Steady 0 Steady
Total 242 99[c]
40.9%
Decrease26 142
59.5%
Increase33
Popular vote
Whig
51.04%
Democratic
47.83%
Others
1.13%
House seats
Whig
58.68%
Democratic
40.50%
Independent
0.83%

The previous election had two minor parties, the Anti-Masonic Party with 6 seats and the Conservative Party (of Virginia) with 2 seats, both of which disappeared in this election.

The 1st session of the 27th Congress began May 31, 1841, before Mississippi had elected Representatives, leaving that State unrepresented until the 2nd session.

Special elections

26th Congress

27th Congress

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
New York 26 Francis Granger Whig 1838 Incumbent resigned March 5, 1841 to become U.S. Postmaster General.
New member elected May 13, 1841.
Whig hold.
Successor seated May 21, 1841.
  • Green tickY John Greig (Whig) 53.36%
  • Bowen Whiting (Democratic) 43.30%
  • Hiram Pitts (Liberty) 3.34%[6]
New York 26 John Greig Whig 1841 (Special) Incumbent resigned September 25, 1841.
New member elected November 3, 1841.
Whig hold.
Successor seated November 27, 1841.
Georgia at-large
(Three of the at-large seats)
William C. Dawson Whig 1836 (Special) Incumbent resigned November 13, 1841 to run for Governor of Georgia.
New member elected December 21, 1841.
Democratic gain.
Elected on a general ticket:
Eugenius A. Nisbet Whig 1838 Incumbent resigned October 12, 1841.
New member elected December 21, 1841.
Democratic gain.
Julius Caesar Alford Whig 1838 Incumbent resigned October 1, 1841.
New member elected December 21, 1841.
Democratic gain.

Alabama

Arkansas

Connecticut

Delaware

Florida Territory

See Non-voting delegates, below.

Georgia

Illinois

Indiana

Iowa Territory

See Non-voting delegates, below.

Kentucky

Louisiana

Maine

Maine elected its members September 14, 1840.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Maine 1
Maine 2
Maine 3
Maine 4
Maine 5
Maine 6
Maine 7
Maine 8 Thomas Davee Democratic 1836 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Whig gain.

Maryland

Massachusetts

Massachusetts held its elections November 9, 1840, but one district went to a second ballot on January 4, 1841.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Massachusetts 1
Massachusetts 2
Massachusetts 3
Massachusetts 4 William Parmenter Democratic 1836 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 5
Massachusetts 6
Massachusetts 7
Massachusetts 8
Massachusetts 9
Massachusetts 10 Henry Williams Democratic 1838 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected on the second ballot.
Whig gain.
First ballot (November 9, 1840):

Second ballot (January 4, 1841):
Massachusetts 11
Massachusetts 12 John Quincy Adams Whig 1830 Incumbent re-elected.

Mississippi

Michigan

Missouri

New Hampshire

New Jersey

North Carolina

New York

Ohio

Pennsylvania

Rhode Island

South Carolina

Tennessee

Elections held late, on May 6 1841.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Tennessee 1 William B. Carter Whig 1835 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Whig hold.
Tennessee 2 Abraham McClellan Democratic 1837 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 3 Joseph L. Williams Whig 1837 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 4 Julius W. Blackwell Democratic 1839 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Whig gain.
Tennessee 5 Hopkins L. Turney Democratic 1837 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 6 William B. Campbell Whig 1837 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 7 John Bell Whig 1827 Incumbent retired to become Secretary of War.
New member elected.
Whig hold.
Tennessee 8 Meredith P. Gentry Whig 1839 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 9 Harvey M. Watterson Democratic 1839 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 10 Aaron V. Brown Democratic 1839 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 11 Cave Johnson Democratic 1839 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 12 John W. Crockett Whig 1837 Incumbent retired to become Attorney General for the 9th district.
New member elected.
Whig hold.
Tennessee 13 Christopher H. Williams Whig 1837 Incumbent re-elected.

Vermont

Virginia

Wisconsin Territory

See Non-voting delegates, below.

Non-voting delegates

26th Congress

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Iowa Territory at-large William W. Chapman Democratic 1838 Incumbent's term expired by law.
New delegate elected in 1840.
Democratic hold.

27th Congress

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Florida Territory at-large Charles Downing Democratic 1836 Incumbent re-elected on an unknown date.
Iowa Territory at-large Augustus C. Dodge Democratic 1840 Incumbent re-elected August 6, 1841.
Wisconsin Territory at-large James D. Doty Democratic 1838 Incumbent re-elected on an unknown date.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Includes one Independent from Virginia, and one Independent Democrat from Illinois.
  2. ^ There was 1 Independent and 1 Independent Democrat.
  3. ^ a b Including one Independent Democrat elected to Illinois's 2nd congressional district.
  4. ^ Includes 3 plural districts
  5. ^ Includes 5 plural districts
  6. ^ a b Robert M. T. Hunter was elected as an Independent in Virginia's 9th congressional district, and so is not included in the figures here. Hunter had previously run in earlier elections as a Whig.
  7. ^ Includes 1 plural district
  8. ^ Changed from district

References

  1. ^ Dubin 1998, p. 129.
  2. ^ Martis 1989, p. 98.
  3. ^ CQGuide, p. 974.
  4. ^ Dubin 1998, p. 128.
  5. ^ Martis 1989, p. 96.
  6. ^ "Our Campaigns - NY District 26 - Special Election Race - May 11, 1841". OurCampaigns.com.
  7. ^ "Our Campaigns - NY District 26 - Special Election Race - Nov 01, 1841". OurCampaigns.com.
  8. ^ "Our Campaigns - GA At-Large - Special Election Race - Dec 21, 1841". OurCampaigns.com. Retrieved December 18, 2020.
  9. ^ https://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=718376
  10. ^ "Our Campaigns - MA District 4 Race - Nov 09, 1840". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  11. ^ "Our Campaigns - MA District 10 - 1st Trial Race - Nov 09, 1840". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved October 9, 2020.
  12. ^ "Our Campaigns - MA District 10 - 2nd Trial Race - Jan 04, 1841". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved October 9, 2020.
  13. ^ "Our Campaigns - MA District 12 Race - Nov 09, 1840". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  14. ^ "TN - District 01". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 13, 2021.
  15. ^ "TN - District 02". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 13, 2021.
  16. ^ "TN - District 03". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 13, 2021.
  17. ^ "TN - District 04". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 13, 2021.
  18. ^ "TN - District 05". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 13, 2021.
  19. ^ "TN - District 06". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 13, 2021.
  20. ^ "TN - District 07". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 13, 2021.
  21. ^ "TN - District 08". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 13, 2021.
  22. ^ "TN - District 09". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 13, 2021.
  23. ^ "TN - District 10". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 13, 2021.
  24. ^ "TN - District 11". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 13, 2021.
  25. ^ "TN - District 12". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 13, 2021.
  26. ^ "TN - District 13". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 13, 2021.
  27. ^ Pelzer, Louis (1908). Shambaugh, Benjamin F. (ed.). "The Early Democratic Party of Iowa". Iowa Journal of History and Politics. Iowa City, Iowa: State Historical Society of Iowa. p. 15. Retrieved December 18, 2020.
  28. ^ Pelzer, Louis (1908). Shambaugh, Benjamin F. (ed.). "The Early Democratic Party of Iowa". Iowa Journal of History and Politics. Iowa City, Iowa: State Historical Society of Iowa. p. 16. Retrieved December 18, 2020.

Bibliography

External links

This page was last edited on 5 March 2021, at 15:36
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