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Augustus C. Dodge

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Augustus Caesar Dodge
Augustus Caesar Dodge.jpg
United States Ambassador to Spain
In office
February 22, 1855 – March 12, 1859
PresidentFranklin Pierce
Preceded byPierre Soulé
Succeeded byWilliam Preston
United States Senator
from Iowa
In office
December 7, 1848 – February 22, 1855
Preceded by(none)
Succeeded byJames Harlan
Delegate to the U.S. House of Representatives from Iowa Territory's at-large congressional district
In office
October 28, 1840 – December 28, 1846
Preceded byWilliam W. Chapman
Succeeded bySerranus Clinton Hastings (from Iowa's at-large congressional district)
Personal details
Born(1812-01-02)January 2, 1812
Ste. Genevieve, Missouri, US
DiedNovember 20, 1883(1883-11-20) (aged 71)
Burlington, Iowa, US
Political partyDemocratic
ProfessionPolitician
Military service
Branch/serviceUnited States Army
Battles/warsBlack Hawk War

Augustus Caesar Dodge (January 2, 1812 – November 20, 1883) was one of the first set of United States Senators to represent the state of Iowa after it was admitted to the Union as a state in 1846. Dodge, a Democrat, had also represented Iowa Territory in Congress as its delegate to the U.S. House of Representatives from 1840 to 1846.

He was born in what is now Ste. Genevieve, Missouri (then in Louisiana Territory). Self-educated, he moved to Illinois in 1827, settled in Galena, and was employed there in various capacities in his father's lead mines. He served in the Black Hawk War and other Indian wars. In 1837, he moved to what is now Burlington, Iowa (then in Wisconsin Territory), where he served as register of the land office until 1840.

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Transcription

Contents

Delegate

Congress created Iowa Territory in 1838, from what was formerly the Iowa District of Wisconsin Territory. As a result of the Act of March 3, 1839,[1] the position of Iowa Territory's Delegate to the U.S. House would become vacant on October 27, 1840, and Dodge was elected to fill it. After initially serving in the Twenty-sixth United States Congress, he was re-elected in 1840 (to the Twenty-seventh Congress), 1842 (to the Twenty-eighth Congress), and 1844 (to the Twenty-ninth Congress). He served as delegate until Iowa became a state in December 1846, and his role was replaced by two voting Representatives.

Senator

For its first two years, the Iowa General Assembly failed to choose Iowa's first U.S. Senators, due to a three-way split that prevented any candidate from earning the required number of 30 legislators' votes.[2] However, after the 1848 elections gave the Democratic Party a greater share of Iowa legislators, Dodge (and George W. Jones) were elected as Iowa's first two U.S. Senators.[2] By drawing lots, Dodge received the seat with the shorter term (to expire in 1849), but was re-elected that year to a full six-year term.[2] While in the Senate, he served as chairman of the Committee to Audit and Control the Contingent Expenses (in the Thirty-first and Thirty-second Congresses), the Committee on Pensions (in the Thirty-first Congress), the Committee on Revolutionary Claims (in the Thirty-second Congress), and the Committee on Public Lands (in the Thirty-third Congress).

In 1854, as Dodge's second term was near its end, the Iowa General Assembly chose Free Soil Party member (and future Republican) James Harlan, rather than Dodge.[2] Dodge was the preferred choice of Democratic legislators, whose ranks had declined. But in a failed effort to defeat Harlan by uniting Democrats and nationalist Whigs behind a single candidate, Dodge dropped out after the fourth ballot.[2]

Dodge served in the Senate until February 22, 1855, when President Franklin Pierce appointed him to the post of minister to Spain. He served as the minister until 1859.

Life after the Senate

Dodge unsuccessfully ran for Governor of Iowa in 1859, losing to Republican Samuel J. Kirkwood. He served as mayor of Burlington, Iowa from 1874 to 1875.

In 1868, Dodge supported the candidacy of George H. Pendleton for the Democratic presidential nomination.[3] Looking toward the 1872 presidential election, Dodge recommended Thomas A. Hendricks as a "worthy, able and excellent man." He believed that there was strong support throughout the Midwest for the Indianan, although he doubted that Hendricks would run well in the East.[4]

He died in Burlington on November 20, 1883, and was interred in Aspen Grove Cemetery.

His father, Henry Dodge, served as a U.S. Senator from Wisconsin. They are the first, and so far only father-son pair to serve concurrently in the U.S. Senate. He was also the nephew of Lewis F. Linn. His brother-in-law James Clarke served as the third and last Governor of Iowa Territory.[5]

Legacy

Dodge County, Nebraska[6] and Dodge Street in Omaha, Nebraska[7] were named after Augustus Dodge. His home in Burlington, Iowa is listed on the National Register of Historic Places as the Augustus Caesar Dodge House.[8]

References

  1. ^ Statute III, March 3, 1839, ch. XCII, Section 2.
  2. ^ a b c d e Clark, Dan Elbert (1913). History of Senatorial Elections in Iowa. Iowa. pp. 17–46, 72–79.
  3. ^ "SEYMOUR AND BLAIR.; The Nominations Formally Tendered the Democratic Candidates--Their Addresses--Speeches by Samuel J. Tilden, Gen, Geo, W.Morgan, Gen.Greene Clay Smith, Gen. A.C. Dodge, and Others" (PDF). The New York Times. 1868-07-11. p. 8. Retrieved 2010-04-23.
  4. ^ {https://www.senate.gov/artandhistory/history/common/generic/VP_Thomas_Hendricks.htm
  5. ^ http://politicalgraveyard.com/families/10430.html
  6. ^ "Dodge County". Nebraska Association of County Officials. Archived from the original on 7 February 2012. Retrieved 30 August 2014.
  7. ^ "Street Names 4". Douglas County Historical Society. Archived from the original on 21 October 2007. Retrieved 30 August 2014.
  8. ^ M.H. Bowers. "Augustus Caesar Dodge House" (PDF). National Park Service. Retrieved 2015-12-07.

External links

Archival collections

Other links

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
William W. Chapman
Delegate to the U.S. House of Representatives
from Iowa Territory

October 28, 1840 – December 28, 1846
Succeeded by
(none)
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
(none)
 U.S. Senator (Class 3) from Iowa
December 7, 1848 – February 22, 1855
Served alongside: George W. Jones
Succeeded by
James Harlan
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Pierre Soulé
United States Ambassador to Spain
February 9, 1855 – March 12, 1859
Succeeded by
William Preston
This page was last edited on 16 June 2019, at 15:16
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