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France Télévisions

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

France Télévisions
Société anonyme
Founded7 September 1992 (originally as France Television without "s")
August 2000 (Forming France Télévisions SA)
HeadquartersFrance Télévisions SA
7, esplanade Henri de France
75015 Paris
Eiffel Tower, Champ de Mars, 5 Avenue Anatole, 75007 Paris, France
7 Ligne 3 du tramway d'Île-de-France, 75015 Paris, France
Key people
Delphine Ernotte-Cunci: Chief Executive Officer
Patrice Duhamel: Vice-President and Director General of Broadcasting.
Revenue2,853 million
OwnerGovernment of France
Number of employees
11,400
SubsidiariesFrance TV Software
Websitewww.france.tv
www.francetvinfo.fr

France Télévisions (French pronunciation: ​[fʁɑ̃s televizjɔ̃]) (stylized as France.tv) is the French public national television broadcaster. It is a state-owned company formed from the integration of the public television channels France 2 (formerly Antenne 2) and France 3 (formerly France Régions 3), later joined by the legally independent channels France 5 (formerly La Cinquième), France Ô (formerly RFO Sat), and France 4 (formerly Festival).

France Télévisions is currently funded by the revenue from television licence fees and commercial advertising. The new law on public broadcasting will phase out commercial advertising on the public television channels (at first in the evening, then gradually throughout the day).

France Télévisions is a supporter of the Hybrid Broadcast Broadband TV (HbbTV) initiative that is promoting and establishing an open European standard for hybrid set-top boxes for the reception of broadcast TV and broadband multimedia applications with a single user interface, and has selected HbbTV for its interactive news, sports and weather service, and plans to add catch-up TV and social media sharing capability.[1]

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Transcription

Contents

History

From 1964 to 1974, French radio and television was monopolized through an organization known as the Office de Radiodiffusion Télévision Française. In an effort to stimulate competition, the organization was split in 1975 so that the France's three television channels—TF1, Antenne 2, and FR3, would still be owned by the French government, but be operated independently from each other. However, the privatization of TF1 in 1987 and increased competition from other new private broadcasters (such as Canal+ and La Cinq) led to a decline in viewership for the two remaining public channels, which lost 30% of their market share between 1987 and 1989.[2][3] The channels were however saved when a single director-general was appointed to manage both Antenne 2 and FR3, becoming part of a joint entity known as France Télévision. They were renamed in 1992 as France 2 and France 3 respectively.[4]

In August 2000, France Télévisions S.A. was formed as a holding company for France's public television channels, absorbing control of France 2, France 3, and fellow public channel La Cinquième (later renamed France 5). In 2004, Réseau France Outre-mer was absorbed by France Télévisions. Beginning in 2008, the President of France took the duty of naming the presidents for the French public broadcasters; they were previously nominated by the Conseil supérieur de l'audiovisuel.

Logos

Channels

National

Thematic

France Télévisions has an interest in a number of thematic cable/satellite channels in France:

Channel France Télévisions Indirect Interest Other Interest
Gulli 34% 66% Lagardère Active
Mezzo 20% 20% France Télémusique 60% Lagardère Active
Planète Thalassa 34% 66% MultiThématiques (Canal+ Group)
Planète Justice 34% 66% MultiThématiques (Canal+ Group)

France Télévisions holds 100% of France Télémusique SAS.

The thematic channel Planète Juniors (formerly Ma Planète) ceased operations in March 2009.

International

Channel France Télévisions Indirect Interest Other Interest
TV5MONDE 12.58% 3.29% Arte France Médias Monde 49%, TSR 11.11%, RTBF 11.11%, CBC/Radio-Canada 6.67%, Télé-Québec 4.44%, INA 1.74%
Euronews
(through Euronews SA)
24.05% 21.65% RAI - 18.81% RTVE - 16.06% RTR - 9.20% SSR - 10.23% other
Arte 50.00% Arte France 50% ARTE Deutschland TV GmbH

France Télévisions holds 45% of the ARTE France holding company together with the French state (25%), Radio France (15%) and INA (15%). ARTE France and ARTE Deutschland form the ARTE Consortium that manages the bilingual French-German channel (ARTE shared its analogue channel with France 5, but both channels have separate full-time services on cable, satellite and digital broadcasts).

France Télévisions also controls the new R1 digital multiplex that currently hosts France 2, France 3, France 5, Arte and La Chaîne parlementaire. France 4 was originally on the R1 multiplex but was moved to R2 to allow space for regional channels on R1.

Subsidiaries

  • France 2 Cinéma - Films production.
  • France 3 Cinéma - Films production.
  • Multimédia France Productions (MFP) - Production company, dubbing, subtitles teletext for the hearing impaired and audio description of the group's channels.
  • France Télévisions Publicité - Advertising department of the group.
  • France Télévisions Distribution - Publishing and distribution of programs group channels.

See also

References

  1. ^  French Public Broadcaster Goes For HbbTV. Online Reporter 13 September 2011. Retrieved 27 March 2012
  2. ^ Rollet, Brigitte. "Television in France", in Television in Europe, pp. 39–40. Eds. Coleman, James A.; Rollet, Brigitte. Intellect Books, 1997. ISBN 1-871516-92-7
  3. ^ Rigourd, Serge. "France", in Western Broadcasting at the Dawn of the 21st Century, pp. 255, 270. Eds. Haenens, Leen; Saeys, Frieda. Walter de Gruyter, 2001. ISBN 3-11-017386-7
  4. ^ Hart, Jeffrey A. Technology, Television, and Competition: The Politics of Digital TV, p. 46. Cambridge University Press, 2004. ISBN 0-521-82624-1

External links

This page was last edited on 1 December 2018, at 08:30
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