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Radio and Television of Slovakia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Rozhlas a televízia Slovenska
TypeTerrestrial radio and
television
Country
Founded2011
HeadquartersBratislava
OwnerGovernment of Slovakia
Key people
PhDr. Jaroslav Rezník
Established1 January 2011 (2011-01-01)[1]
Official website
www.rtvs.sk
www.rtvs.org

Radio and Television Slovakia (Slovak: Rozhlas a televízia Slovenska) or RTVS is a nationwide public broadcasting, state-funded organisation in Slovakia. It is headquartered in Bratislava and led by Jaroslav Rezník.[2][3]

History

The organization in its current form was created in 2011 following a merger of Slovenská televízia (Slovak Television) with Slovenský rozhlas (Slovak Radio).[1] Funding for the combined organisation is obtained through advertising, government payments, and a monthly fee levied on most individuals registered with electricity retailers and most businesses containing three or more employees.[4][5]

Like its two predecessor organizations, RTVS is a full member of the European Broadcasting Union.

Radio channels

There are five national FM radio stations:

  • Rádio Slovensko [sk]: National generalist station. It offers news, entertainment and live broadcasts.
  • Rádio Regina [sk]: Network of three regional radios based in Bratislava, Banská Bystrica, and Košice.
  • Rádio Devín [sk]: Specialized in classical music and culture.
  • Rádio FM: Station aimed at young people with music, entertainment and news bulletins.
  • Rádio Patria [sk]: Station dedicated to ethnic minorities in Slovakia, broadcasting in Hungarian, Ukrainian, Ruthenian, German, Polish and Czech.

Via satellite, DVB-T and internet:

It also has digital-only stations:

  • Rádio Pyramída [sk]: classical music
  • Rádio Litera [sk]: radio, stage drama and literary profiles
  • Rádio Junior [sk]: for children up to the age of 10

Rádio Regina is separated into the three regions of Rádio Regina Bratislava, Rádio Regina Banská Bystrica, and Rádio Regina Košice.

The output of Rádio Patria, which went on air in 2009, broadcasting from 06:00 until 18:00, is in the Hungarian language, as a service for Slovakia's largest ethnic minority group living predominantly in the southern districts bordering Hungary.

Television channels

There are 4 national television channels.

Current

  • :1 (Jednotka) is a generalist channel, showing family-oriented television, Slovak movies, children's programming, news and documentaries. Major sporting events on club and international level are also broadcast.
  • :2 (Dvojka) broadcasts documentaries and nature-oriented shows such as documentary films by David Attenborough. This channel also frequently shows foreign films in the original versions with Slovak subtitles, including many English-language movies. Minor sporting events are broadcast.
  • :3 (Trojka) was launched on 22 December 2019 and focuses on archive programming, replacing the nightly Noc v Archíve broadcasts on Dvojka and Jednotka. Earlier, between 2008 and 2011 STV 3 broadcast sporting events only. Before and after being operational, its agenda was split between Jednotka and Dvojka.
  • :ŠPORT (Šport) was launched on 20 December 2021. This sports channel broadcasts 24 hours a day, programs such as live broadcasts, sports news, healthy lifestyle magazines and archival materials. With the arrival of the fourth broadcasting circuit, regional sport was given more space, and one of the priorities of the new channel is also the support of education and motivation of all ages for a healthy lifestyle.

News and objectivity

During the term of the General Director Václav Mika (2012–2017), the content and graphics of the news have changed significantly, with minor modifications it is still used today. The title also included the RTVS brand - Správy RTVS. The news broadcasting programmes were initially struggling with very low audience - in December 18, 2012 only with 7,8% share.[6]

Over time, the audience began to grow, and RTVS news has started to appear as the most objective news in TV in public opinion surveys, with exceptions lasting by now.[7] However, after the election of Jaroslav Reznik as General Director in 2017, who was nominated by SNS party, which was in government, the situation in the newsroom has changed. A new head of the news section has been appointed, under whose leadership, according to most of the journalists, the content of the news was being manipulated. The tense atmosphere led to the departure of a dozen journalists in 2018.[8] More and more space in the news was reserved to the SNS party officials, including journeys of Andrej Danko, the party leader, serving till 2020 as Speaker of the parliament, to Russia. The topic of his plagiarism in rigorous work was also not addressed in the main part of the news.[9]

After the parliamentary elections in 2020 and the new government appointed, news too favorable towards the governmental or oppositional parties seem to not appearing anymore, nonetheless some of the content is still being manipulated. For example in the programme Reportéri, reports about plagiarism of several publicly known persons were not aired.[10]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Balogová, Beata (10 January 2011). "RTVS arrives; Nižňanský leaves". The Slovak Spectator. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
  2. ^ "Organizačná štruktúra | Rozhlas a televízia Slovenska" (in Slovak). Rozhlas a televízia Slovenska. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
  3. ^ "EBU-UER / New chief executive appointed to Radio and Television Slovakia (RTVS)". European Broadcasting Union. 15 August 2012. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
  4. ^ "Štatút Rozhlasu a televízie Slovenska" (in Slovak). Rozhlas a televízia Slovenska. 2011. pp. 9–10. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 March 2014. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
  5. ^ Juraj Polak (2013). "Slovakia : Reinstatement of Broadcasting Fee". European Audiovisual Observatory. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
  6. ^ "Správy STV majú nový formát, názov aj vizuál. (Takmer) V trikolóre". medialne.trend.sk. December 18, 2012.
  7. ^ https://www.median.sk/pdf/MML2020/MMLOmnibus_2020_III_Najobjektivnejsie_TV_spravodajstvo.pdf
  8. ^ Mikušovič, Dušan (June 1, 2018). "Zuzana Kovačič Hanzelová: Dúfala som, že vydržím dlhšie". Denník N.
  9. ^ "Po stopnutých reportážach o Dankovi končia v RTVS dvaja redaktori". Aktuality.sk.
  10. ^ "V Reportéroch nie je cenzúra. Skonštatovala Rada RTVS o neodvysielanej reportáži o plagiátorstve". strategie.hnonline.sk.

External links

This page was last edited on 16 January 2022, at 11:44
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