To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

Latvijas Televīzija

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Latvijas Televīzija
TypePublic broadcaster
Country
AvailabilityLatvia, online
HeadquartersRiga
OwnerGovernment of Latvia
Key people
Ivars Priede (board member)
Launch date
6 November 1954; 67 years ago (1954-11-06)
Picture format
1080i (HDTV), SD (some content)
Channels
LTV1
LTV7 (formerly known as LTV2)
Affiliation(s)Public Broadcasting of Latvia
European Broadcasting Union
Official website
ltv.lsm.lv/lv/

Latvijas Televīzija (Latvian Television, LTV) is the state-owned public service television broadcaster in Latvia. LTV operates two channels, LTV1 in Latvian and LTV7 (previously called LTV2) in Latvian with selected programming in Russian.

The broadcaster has been fully funded by the state budget since 1 January 2021, when, after years of debate, it and radio broadcaster Latvijas Radio exited the advertising market.[1] It is currently led by Ivars Priede, the sole Board Member (previously - by the Chairman of the Board).[2]

LTV is a member of the European Broadcasting Union, having joined on 1 January 1993. From the restoration of independence in 1991 to 31 December 1992, it was a member of the International Radio and Television Organisation (OIRT). LTV hosted the annual Eurovision Song Contest in 2003, as well as the IIHF Men's Ice Hockey Championships in 2006 and 2021, and the inaugural Eurovision Choir of the Year competition in 2017.

LTV1 broadcasts the Eurovision Song Contest[3] in Latvia each year, and LTV7 also broadcasts many sport events such as the Olympics, various Latvian league and national team games, the Ice Hockey World Championships (since 2017), the Minor Hockey League, and the FIFA World Cup.[4][5]

History

Origins, 1954 to 1993

The first experimental broadcast of television in Latvia took place on 10 November 1937 at the Latvian Radio Society (Latvian: Latvijas Radio biedrība) during a public viewing in Riga, using an oscilloscope with the screen size of 45x50 cm.[6] There were plans to launch regular broadcasts of "visual radio" by the Latvian Radiophone in the early 1940s, but these were suspended by the occupation of Latvia and World War II.[7]

The first contemporary test broadcasts started on 6 November 1954 from a studio in Soviet Riga in black-and-white, which were seen by the 20 owners of personal television sets. It is the first and oldest national television station in the Baltic countries. Regular broadcasting started on 20 November 1954. At the beginning, LTV did not have rights to create their own programming except live shows. In 1955, the Riga Television studio in Nometņu iela, Āgenskalns was created to produce its own programming and the first TV tower in Latvia was built.[8]

On 19 March 1958, the first evening news show went on the air. In 1963, it was renamed Panorāma, as it is known to this day. A second TV channel was launched in 1961 and both channels converted to SÉCAM color in 1974. In 1986, both the Riga TV Tower and the LTV television headquarters in Zaķusala were officially completed.

During the Third Latvian National Awakening, the broadcaster became more open to Glasnost-style freedom of expression and criticism of Soviet rule in Latvia, most notably in the form of the Labvakar political talk show (1988–1993). The buildings in Zaķusala were one of the locations defended during The Barricades.[9][10] During the 1991 Soviet coup d'état attempt troops of the OMON unit seized the LTV building on August 21, suspending broadcasts for two days.[11][7]

1993–2013

Latvian Television building on the island of Zaķusala
Latvian Television building on the island of Zaķusala

On 1 January 1993, Latvian Television and Radio Latvia became members of the European Broadcasting Union (EBU). On 2 February 1998, LTV along with LNT, Channel 31 (now TV3) and TV Riga (later TV5) converted to PAL color. In 2003, LTV2, the second channel, was rebranded as LTV7.

In 2008, LTV started broadcasting in digital terrestrial TV standard in MPEG2 format, changing to MPEG4 format on 1 August 2009 as the telecommunications company Lattelecom has been chosen to be the official integrator of digital terrestrial TV in Latvia. Analogue distribution of LTV7 finished on 1 March 2010. LTV completely finished broadcasting LTV1 in analogue format on 1 July 2010. Both LTV channels are also available on the Sirius satellite's Nordic beam as part of the Viasat package.

Public Broadcasting of Latvia (since 2013)

Since 2013 LTV has come under the umbrella of Public Broadcasting of Latvia (Latvian: Latvijas Sabiedriskie mediji, LSM) along with Radio Latvia, as part of the unification process of both public broadcasters. LTV and Radio Latvia now share one news portal, LSM.lv, and an online streaming service (REplay.lv), with content from both broadcasters.

LTV changed its aspect ratio from 4:3 to 16:9 in 2013.[12] Selected programming such as live broadcast of a staging of The Nutcracker by the Latvian National Opera on LTV1 in 2012[13] and the matches of the IIHF World Championships on LTV7 (2018–present), were shown in HD.[14] In 2019 a full switch to HDTV broadcasts was announced for 2021 or 2022,[15] although delayed in previous years due to financial constraints.[16][17] After upgrading their broadcasting technology, both TV channels and content on the REplay.lv and LSM began a gradual switch to Full HD (1080p) on 19 May 2021 for cable and online broadcasts (the switch for free terrestrial operators is scheduled for 2022).[18][19] The LTV News Service programs (Panorāma etc.) marked their switch to 1080p on August 30 by unveiling a new studio and visuals.[20]

In 2017 LTV launched the online channel Visiem LTV (also styled VISIEMLTV.LV) for foreign viewers, mostly targeted for the Latvian diaspora. The programming is a mix of LTV1 and LTV7 broadcasts that are not restricted by copyright laws and are available globally.[21]

Until 2021, the broadcaster was funded by grant-in-aid from the Latvian government (around 60%), with the remainder coming from television commercials. Although moving LTV to licence fee funding was long been debated, this was often opposed by the government, with media analysts believing that the real reason for this is that the government is reluctant to lose the control of LTV that state-funding gives it.[citation needed]After years of debate, in June 2018 the Saeima unanimously voted to amend legislation allowing the public broadcaster to exit the advertising market and be fully funded by the state budget.[22] In 2020 the necessary funding was earmarked by the Government of Latvia, with Latvijas Televīzija and Latvijas Radio exiting the ad market effective January 1, 2021.[1]

Logos and identities

LTV1

LTV7 (formerly LTV2)

Visiem LTV

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Public media exits the advertising market". Public Broadcasting of Latvia. 2 January 2021. Retrieved 21 January 2021.
  2. ^ "Kontakti un rekvizīti / LTV.LV". ltv.lsm.lv. Retrieved 21 January 2021.
  3. ^ Bakker, Sietse (1 December 2002). "Renars Kaupers and Marie N hosts 2003 show". ESCToday.com. Retrieved 16 November 2013.
  4. ^ "Infront announces multiple global ice hockey deals - SportsPro Media". www.sportspromedia.com. 16 May 2017. Retrieved 4 September 2021.
  5. ^ "Lattelecom and LTV gain exclusive six-year broadcast rights in Latvia to the IIIHF Ice Hockey World Championship". The Baltic Course. 15 June 2017. Retrieved 4 September 2021.
  6. ^ "Šodien televīzijai Latvijā 80 gadu. Latvija bija viena no pirmajām pasaules valstīm, kas raidīja savu TV signālu" [Television in Latvia turns 80 this year. Latvia was one of the first countries to broadcast its own TV signal]. Sandra Veinberga | Blogs (in Latvian). 10 November 2017. Retrieved 7 April 2021.
  7. ^ a b "televīzija Latvijā" [Television in Latvia]. Latvian National Encyclopedia (in Latvian). Retrieved 7 April 2021.
  8. ^ "Vēsture un Fakti / LTV.LV" [History and Facts | LTV]. ltv.lsm.lv. Retrieved 7 April 2021.
  9. ^ Zaltāns, Kaspars (8 March 2016). "Latvia's Barricades of Freedom – What Do They Mean 25 Years On?". Deep Baltic. Retrieved 7 April 2021.
  10. ^ "The girl who passed around tea on the Barricades in 1991". Public Broadcasting of Latvia. 16 January 2021. Retrieved 7 April 2021.
  11. ^ Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 1999: Report Submitted to the Committee on Foreign Affairs, U.S. House of Representatives and Committee on Foreign Relations, U.S. Senate by the Department of State in Accordance with Sections 116(d) and 502B(b) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as Amended. 2. U.S. Government Printing Office. 2003. p. 1642. ISBN 9780160606700.
  12. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ctw_jFyYrnk LTV1 maina attēla malu attiecību uz 16:9. ltvpanorama on YouTube.
  13. ^ "Baleta "Riekstkodis" translācija – pirmā LTV tiešraide augstas izšķirtspējas kvalitātē (First-ever LTV live broadcast in HD – ballet "The Nutcracker")". LSM.lv (in Latvian). 17 December 2012. Retrieved 20 January 2019.
  14. ^ "Lattelecom and Latvian Television gain exclusive six-year broadcast rights in Latvia to the IIIHF Ice Hockey World Championship | lattelecom.lv". www.lattelecom.lv. 16 May 2017. Retrieved 20 January 2019.
  15. ^ "Salipinātā sistēma, dārgā lībiešu sēta un sniega pika vēlās ilgi… "LA" nedēļas apskats". LA.lv (in Latvian). 7 January 2019. Retrieved 20 January 2019.
  16. ^ "LTV pārejai uz augstas izšķirtspējas apraidi nepieciešami aptuveni astoņi miljoni eiro (Switching to high-definition broadcasts for LTV requires approx. 8 million Euro)". Diena (in Latvian). 2 August 2017. Retrieved 20 January 2019.
  17. ^ "Apstiprina LTV un LR 2017. gada pārskatus". neplpadome.lv (in Latvian). 2 August 2017. Retrieved 20 January 2019.
  18. ^ "Latvian Television switches to HD resolution". Lsm.lv. 19 May 2021. Retrieved 4 September 2021.
  19. ^ "Latvian pubcaster begins HD switch". Broadband TV News. 20 May 2021. Retrieved 4 September 2021.
  20. ^ "Latvian Television unveils new setup". Lsm.lv. 30 August 2021. Retrieved 4 September 2021.
  21. ^ "VISIEMLTV.LV – jauns interneta televīzijas kanāls latviešiem ārzemēs".
  22. ^ "No ads on public media starting 2021, parliament says". eng.lsm.lv. 20 June 2018. Retrieved 21 January 2021.

External links

This page was last edited on 10 January 2022, at 13:27
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.