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George Washington and the Revolutionary War Door

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

George Washington and the Revolutionary War Door
Flickr - USCapitol - Senate Bronze Doors.jpg
ArtistThomas Crawford
Year1868 (1868)
TypeBronze
Dimensions4.39 m (14 ft 5 in)
LocationWashington, D.C., United States
OwnerArchitect of the Capitol

The Revolutionary War Door (1855-1868) is pair of a bronze sculptured doors to the Senate wing of the United States Capitol in Washington, D.C., United States. American sculptor Thomas Crawford designed and modeled the doors in the mid-1850s, but died prior to their completion. American sculptor William H. Rinehart completed the doors based on Crawford's designs.

This sculptured door was surveyed in 1993 as part of the Smithsonian's Save Outdoor Sculpture! program.[1]

Description

These two elaborate doors consist of six panels depicting activities and events associated with George Washington during the American Revolution.[1]

The carved panels on the left, from top to bottom, depict:

  • the laying of the U. S. Capitol cornerstone, 1793
  • Inauguration of George Washington as President, 1789
  • Washington at Trenton, NJ, 1789
  • an allegorical Peace and Agriculture

On the right side, from top to bottom, they depict:

  • the Battle of Bunker Hill and death of General Warren, 1775
  • Battle of Monmouth, 1778
  • the Battle of Yorktown
  • and an allegory of a Hessian soldier and Yankee

History

Crawford designed the doors in Rome between 1855 and 1857. Crawford died in 1857 with the modelling substantially complete. Models were created with the assistance of fellow sculptor William H. Rinehart for casting at the Ames Manufacturing Company from 1864 to 1868, when the finished doors were installed.[1]

Crawford created a companion set of bronze doors for the House wing of the Capitol, the Revolutionary War Door.

In 1993 the door was analyzed by art conservators from the Save Outdoor Sculpture! survey program and was described as well-maintained.[1]

See also

Further reading

  • Allen, William C. History of the United States Capitol: A Chronicle of Design, Construction, and Politics. Architect of the Capitol, 2001. ISBN 0-16-050830-4
  • Wood, James M. Washington Sculpture. Johns Hopkins Press, 2008. ISBN 0-8018-8810-7

References

  1. ^ a b c d Smithsonian (1993). "George Washington and the Revolutionary War Door, (sculpture)". Save Outdoor Sculpture. Smithsonian. Retrieved 28 September 2021.
This page was last edited on 30 September 2021, at 23:52
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