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Dalip Singh Saund

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Dalip Singh Saund
Dalip Singh Saund.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from California's 29th district
In office
January 3, 1957 – January 3, 1963
Preceded byJohn J. Phillips
Succeeded byGeorge Brown Jr.
Personal details
Born(1899-09-20)September 20, 1899
Chhajulwadi, Punjab, British India (present-day Punjab, India)
DiedApril 22, 1973(1973-04-22) (aged 73)
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)Marian Rekha Kaur Saund
Children3
EducationUniversity of the Punjab (BA)
University of California, Berkeley (MA, PhD)

Dalip Singh Saund (September 20, 1899 – April 22, 1973) was an American politician who was a member of the United States House of Representatives. He served the 29th District of California from January 3, 1957 to January 3, 1963. He was the first Sikh American, the first Asian American, the first Indian American and the first member of a non-Abrahamic faith to be elected to Congress.

YouTube Encyclopedic

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  • ✪ The Commitment of Dalip Singh Saund
  • ✪ Dalip Singh Saund: Legacy Leader
  • ✪ Asian Pacific American Heritage: I Can't Believe I NEVER KNEW... | Thomas Sanders

Transcription

The theme for this month is commitment. A commitment to change is different from just a hope for change. A commitment to change is deeper than just an interest in change. Many who are watching this video want to see some big changes in their lives. I recently learned about the life of Dalip Singh Saund. He became the first Asian-American member of the United States Congress in 1957. His story of determination inspired me to show a deeper level of commitment, and I want to share some of his story with you. Dalip Singh Saund moved from India to the United States in 1920, and he studied mathematics at the University of California, Berkeley. There, he earned a master's degree in 1922 and a Ph.D. in 1924. But there was strong prejudice against Asian Indians. A national law ordered that they could not become citizens of the United states. In fact, his wife, an American citizen, lost her citizenship because she married Saund. He worked as a farmer and then as a fertilizer distributor until the 1950s. During these decades, he was committed to improving opportunities and gaining American citizenship for Asian Indians in the United States. In the late 1940s, a new national law allowed Indian Americans to become citizens, and Saund became an American citizen in 1949. A few years later, he was elected as a judge in his town of Westmorland, California. In 1955, he announced that he was seeking an office in the United States Congress. In the preface to his book Congressman from India, he wrote, Two of the greatest satisfactions in my professional life came first, when my children, together with my daughter-in-law and son-in-law, volunteered to ring doorbells for me in the campaign in 1956, and second, when in that same election the citizens of my own small home town of Westmorland, my neighbors of thirty years, voted over 80 per cent in my favor as an expression of their confidence. After thirty years of working to advance opportunities for Indian Americans, Dalip Singh Saund became not only the first Indian American member of Congress but also the first Asian American member of Congress. In the United States Capitol building hangs a portrait of Saund painted by Jon R. Friedman. A well-known quotation by Saund appears at the bottom of the painting: "There is no room in the United States of America for second-class citizenship." When this portrait was first displayed at the United States Capitol, Dalip Saund’s grandson Eric Saund said that his grandfather “took a positive attitude to everything. He encountered barriers and he acknowledged them, but he didn’t dwell on them.” Dalip Saund displayed a remarkable level of commitment. His story is a reminder that making significant change is possible. Now, I have two questions for you. First, what are some common excuses that people give for avoiding necessary changes in their lives? Second, how can the story of Dalip Singh Saund inspire them to make the changes that they need to make? Add your comment to the discussion below this video.

Contents

Biography

Born in Chhajulwadi, Punjab, British India, to a Sikh family, he received his bachelor's degree in mathematics from the University of Punjab in 1919.

He emigrated to the United States (via Ellis Island) originally to study agriculture at the University of California, Berkeley. While at the university, he obtained a master's degree (1922) and a PhD (1924), both in mathematics. His studies were sponsored by Stockton Gurdwara in Stockton, California as he lived in the gurdwara-owned Guru Nanak Khalsa Hostel. Stockton Gurdwara was "the first permanent Sikh American settlement and gurdwara in the United States."[1] He thereafter remained in the United States, becoming a successful farmer.

In 1930, Saund was commissioned by Stockton Gurdwara to write a book called “My Mother India" which pleaded for an end to the British Empire's occupation of the Indian subcontinent. Saund wrote that his book was intended to “answer various questions that commonly arise in the minds of the American people regarding the cultural and political problems of India.” His book addressed India's caste system as one of those questions and "pleaded for the civil rights of the downtrodden in India as he compared caste in India to racism in America and elsewhere." [2]

Later, he campaigned to allow people of South Asian descent, to become naturalized citizens. After the Luce-Celler Act was passed in 1946, he applied for naturalization and became an American citizen in 1949. He ran for election in 1950 as a Justice of the Peace for Westmoreland township, California, and won the election, but his election was thrown out as he had been a citizen for less than a year. He later ran again for the same post and won.[3]

In November 1955, he announced his campaign to run for the House of Representatives as a Democrat and won an election for an open seat against a famous Republican aviator, Jacqueline Cochran. He was re-elected twice, becoming the first Sikh American, the first Asian American, the first Indian American and first member of a non-Abrahamic faith to be elected to Congress.

On May 1, 1962, Saund suffered a severe stroke on an airplane flight which left him unable to speak or walk without assistance. Though unable to campaign, he won the June Democratic primary (running in the newly numbered 38th district) but was defeated for reelection in the November general election by Republican Patrick M. Martin by a 56% to 44% margin.[4]

Following his defeat, his condition slightly improved allowing him to be moved from a hospital in Bethesda, Maryland to California. He had a second stroke about 10 years later and died on April 22, 1973 at his Hollywood home.[4]

Publications authored

  • My Mother India. Stockton, California: Pacific coast Khalsa Diwan society (Sikh temple). c. 1930. p. 218. LCCN 30013748. OCLC 3401226. LCC DS421 .S25 OCLC 253315388[5]
  • Congressman From India. New York: Dutton. 1960. p. 192. LCCN 60012293. OCLC 1098264. LCC E748.S28 A3
  • Gandhi, the man and his message. n.p. n.d. p. 14. OCLC 20750572.

See also

References and notes

  1. ^ "Relative to the 100-year anniversary of the Sikh American". CA State Legislature. August 20, 2012.
  2. ^ "First Asian Congressman Championed Civil Rights and Denounced Imperialism". Singh of Judah. July 30, 2015.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ "Dalip Singh Saund among Asian American trailblazers: Obama". The Times Of India. May 9, 2012.
  4. ^ a b "SAUND, Dalip Singh (Judge)". United States House of Representatives: History, Art, & Archives. U.S. House of Representatives. Retrieved April 1, 2019.
  5. ^ This book was written as a critique to the sensational Mother India, by Katherine Mayo, which argued against Indian self-rule. See: Tisdale, Sara (December 19, 2008). "Breaking Barriers: Congressman Dalip Singh Saund". Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life. Pew Research Center. Retrieved March 10, 2012.

External links

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
John J. Phillips
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from California's 29th congressional district

1957–1963
Succeeded by
George Brown Jr.
This page was last edited on 24 September 2019, at 06:17
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