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Women in the United States House of Representatives

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Women have served in the United States House of Representatives since the 1917 entrance of Jeannette Rankin from Montana, a Republican. In total, 347 women have been U.S. representatives and seven more women have been non-voting delegates. As of June 14, 2021, there are 119 women in the U.S. House of Representatives (not counting four female non-voting delegates), making women 27.4% of the total.[1] Of the 354 women who have served in the House, 232 have been Democrats (including four from U.S. territories or the District of Columbia) and 122 have been Republicans (including three from U.S. territories, including pre-statehood Hawaii). One woman has been Speaker of the House, Democrat Nancy Pelosi of California.

Women have been elected to the House of Representatives from 46 of the 50 states. The states that have not elected a woman to the House of Representatives are Alaska, Mississippi, North Dakota, and Vermont—though Alaska, Mississippi, and North Dakota have elected women to the United States Senate. Women have also been sent to Congress from 5 of the 6 territories of the United States; the only territory that has not sent a woman to the House of Representatives is the Northern Mariana Islands. California has elected more women to Congress than any other state, with 47 U.S. representatives elected since 1923. To date, no woman who has served in the House has ever previously been a senator, been elected to represent more than one state in non-consecutive elections, switched parties, or served as a third-party member in her career, though one was reelected as an Independent.

Firsts

Sometimes called the "Lady of the House", Jeannette Rankin entered the U.S. House of Representatives in 1917 as the first woman in Congress.
Sometimes called the "Lady of the House", Jeannette Rankin entered the U.S. House of Representatives in 1917 as the first woman in Congress.
Alice M. Robertson became the first woman to preside over the House in 1921. She was also the first woman elected from a Southern state (Oklahoma) and the first woman to defeat an incumbent congressman.
Alice M. Robertson became the first woman to preside over the House in 1921. She was also the first woman elected from a Southern state (Oklahoma) and the first woman to defeat an incumbent congressman.
Nancy Pelosi, 52nd Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (2007–2011, 2019–), the only woman to hold the position.
Nancy Pelosi, 52nd Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (2007–2011, 2019–), the only woman to hold the position.

Jeannette Rankin entered the U.S. House of Representatives in 1917 as the first woman in either chamber of Congress.[2]

Mae Nolan was the first Catholic woman elected to Congress, in 1923.[3] Clare Boothe Luce, who converted to the Catholic Church in 1946 before retiring as a Congresswoman, was the first female Catholic convert in either chamber.[4]

Florence Prag Kahn also entered the House of Representatives in 1925 as the first Jewish and thus non-Christian woman in either chamber of Congress.[5]

Chase G. Woodhouse, born in British Columbia to American parents, entered the House in 1945 to become the first woman born outside the United States elected to either chamber. As of 2021, she has been the only woman elected to Congress whose birth country is Canada.

U.S. Representative Vera Buchanan died in 1955, making her the first woman in either chamber to die in office.[6]

Patsy Mink, an Asian American, entered the House of Representatives in 1965 as the first woman of color in either chamber of Congress.[7][8]

In 1969, U.S. Representative Charlotte Reid became the first woman to wear pants in the U.S. House of Representatives or Senate.[9]

Shirley Chisholm entered the House of Representatives in 1969 as the first African-American woman in either chamber of Congress.[10]

In 1973, U.S. Representative Yvonne Brathwaite Burke became the first member of either the House of Representatives or Senate to give birth while in office, and she was the first person to be granted maternity leave by the Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives, with the birth of her daughter Autumn.[11][12]

The gym of the House of Representatives (with the exception of its swimming pool) first opened to women in 1985, the gym having previously been male-only. The swimming pool opened to women in 2009, the pool having previously been male-only.[13]

Barbara Vucanovich entered the House of Representatives in 1983 as the first Hispanic woman or Latina in either chamber of Congress.

In late 1990, Hawaii became the first state with a House delegation of all women of color, Patsy Mink and Pat Saiki.

Jo Ann Emerson made history for the House of Representatives in 1997 as the first and, so far, only woman (re)elected as neither a Democrat nor a Republican from any state to either chamber of Congress.[14] Initially, she was specially elected as a Republican late in the 104th Congress following the death of her husband. However, due to Missouri law, Emerson was unable to run as a Republican in the regular election, so she sought reelection as an independent and won her first full term in the 1996 election. Emerson was sworn in to her second and full term as an independent in the 105th Congress and rejoined the Republicans a few days later.

Tammy Baldwin entered the House of Representatives in 1999 as the first openly gay woman in either chamber of Congress.[15]

Nancy Pelosi became the first female House Minority Whip in 2002.[16] She went on to become the first and to date only female Speaker of the United States House of Representatives in 2007.[17]

Also in 2007, Mazie Hirono entered the House of Representatives as the first female Buddhist in either chamber of Congress.

In 2011, the House of Representatives got its first women's bathroom near the chamber (Room H-211 of the U.S. Capitol).[18]

Tulsi Gabbard entered the House of Representatives in 2013 as the first Hindu person in either chamber of Congress.[19][20]

Also in 2013, Kyrsten Sinema entered the House of Representatives as the first openly bisexual woman in either chamber of Congress.[21]

In the 2018 general elections, there was a wave of firsts elected to the United States House of Representatives for the 116th Congress. A record-breaking 103 women were elected or reelected into the United States House of Representatives, causing many to call it the "Year of the Woman".[22] Ilhan Omar and Rashida Tlaib became the first Muslim women ever elected to either house of Congress, with Tlaib the first Palestinian-American woman elected to Congress and Omar the first Somali American of either sex to be elected. Angie Craig became the first lesbian mother to be elected. Sharice Davids and Deb Haaland became the first Native American women elected to the federal House of Representatives. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez also became the youngest woman ever elected.[23]

In 2020, Republican Stephanie Bice was elected to become the first Iranian American and first woman of Iranian parentage in Congress,[24] and her fellow Republican, Yvette Herrell, was also elected as the Grand Old Party's first Native woman in Congress.[25] Additional Republicans Michelle Steel and Young Kim, and Democrat Marilyn Strickland were the first Korean-American women elected.[26] Strickland is also the first Afro-Asian woman elected to the House of Representatives.[27]

List of states represented by women

State Current members Previous members Total First female member Political party of first female member Years with female members
Alabama 1 2 3 Elizabeth B. Andrews Democratic 1972–1973, 2011–present
Alaska 0 0 0
Arizona 2 5 7 Isabella Greenway Democratic 1933–1937, 1993–1995, 2007–present
Arkansas 0 4 4 Pearl Oldfield Democratic 1929–1933, 1961–1963, 1993–1997
California 19 25 44 Mae Nolan Republican 1923–1937, 1945–1951, 1973–1979, 1981–present
Colorado 2 3 5 Pat Schroeder Democratic 1973–present
Connecticut 2 6 8 Claire Boothe Luce Republican 1943–1947, 1949–1951, 1971–1975, 1982–present
Delaware 1 0 1 Lisa Blunt Rochester Democratic 2017–present
Florida 7 13 20 Ruth Owen Democratic 1929–1933, 1989–present
Georgia 4 5 9 Florence Gibbs Democratic 1940–1941, 1946–1947, 1955–1963, 1993–2007, 2017–present
Hawaii 0 6 6 Elizabeth P. Farrington[a] Republican 1954–1957, 1965–1977, 1987–2002, 2007–2021
Idaho 0 2 2 Gracie Pfost Democratic 1953–1963, 1995–2001
Illinois 5 13 18 Winnifred Huck Republican 1922–1923, 1929–1931, 1939–1947, 1951–1971, 1973–1997, 1999–present
Indiana 2 6 8 Virginia E. Jenckes Democratic 1933–1939, 1949–1959, 1982–1985, 1989–1995, 1997–2007, 2013–present
Iowa 3 1 4 Cindy Axne & Abby Finkenauer Democratic 2019–present
Kansas 1 5 6 Kathryn O'Loughlin McCarthy Democratic 1933–1935, 1975–1979, 1985–1997, 2007–present
Kentucky 0 2 2 Katherine G. Langley Republican 1927–1931, 1997–2007
Louisiana 1 2 3 Lindy Boggs Democratic 1973–1991, 2021–present
Maine 1 2 3 Margaret Chase Smith Republican 1940–1949, 1979–1995, 2009–present
Maryland 0 8 8 Katharine Byron Democratic 1941–1943, 1973–2003, 2008–2017
Massachusetts 3 4 7 Edith Rogers Republican 1925–1960, 1967–1983, 2007–present
Michigan 6 7 13 Ruth Thompson Republican 1951–1974, 1995–present
Minnesota 4 2 6 Coya Knutson Democratic–Farmer–Labor 1955–1959, 2001–present
Mississippi 0 0 0
Missouri 2 5 7 Leonor Sullivan Democratic 1953–1977, 1991–present
Montana 0 1 1 Jeannette Rankin Republican 1917–1919, 1941–1943
Nebraska 0 1 1 Virginia D. Smith Republican 1975–1991
Nevada 2 3 5 Barbara Vucanovich Republican 1983–1997, 1999–present
New Hampshire 1 1 2 Carol Shea-Porter Democratic 2007–2011, 2013–present
New Jersey 2 5 7 Mary Norton Democratic 1925–1951, 1957–1973, 1975–2003, 2015–present
New Mexico 3 5 8 Georgia Lusk Democratic 1947–1949, 1998–2009, 2013–present
New York 9 21 30 Ruth Pratt Republican 1929–1945, 1947–1983, 1987–present
North Carolina 4 4 8 Eliza Pratt Democratic 1946–1947, 1992–present
North Dakota 0 0 0
Ohio 1 9 10 Frances P. Bolton Republican 1940–1969, 1977–present
Oklahoma 1 3 4 Alice Robertson Republican 1921–1923, 2007–2011, 2019–present
Oregon 1 3 4 Nan Honeyman Democratic 1937–1939, 1955–1974, 1993–2009, 2012–present
Pennsylvania 4 6 10 Veronica Boland Democratic 1942–1943, 1951–1963, 1993–1995, 2001–2015, 2018–present
Rhode Island 0 1 1 Claudine Schneider Republican 1981–1991
South Carolina 1 5 6 Elizabeth Gasque Democratic 1938–1941, 1944–1945, 1962–1963, 1987–1993, 2021–present
South Dakota 0 2 2 Stephanie Sandlin Democratic 2004–2019
Tennessee 1 6 7 Willa Eslick Democratic 1932–1933, 1961–1965, 1975–1995, 2003–2019, 2021–present
Texas 7 3 10 Lera Thomas Democratic 1966–1967, 1973–1979, 1993–present
Utah 0 4 4 Reva Bosone Democratic 1949–1953, 1993–1997, 2015–2019
Vermont 0 0 0
Virginia 3 4 7 Leslie L. Byrne Democratic 1993–1995, 2001–2009, 2015–present
Washington 6 5 11 Catherine May Republican 1959–1974, 1989–present
West Virginia 1 2 3 Elizabeth Kee Democratic 1951–1965, 2001–2015, 2019–present
Wisconsin 1 1 2 Tammy Baldwin Democratic 1999–present
Wyoming 1 2 3 Barbara Cubin Republican 1995–present

Widow's succession

Mae Ella Nolan was the first woman elected to her husband's seat in Congress, which is sometimes known as the widow's succession. In the early years of women in Congress, the seat was held only until the next election, and the women retired after that single Congress. She thereby became a placeholder, merely finishing out her late husband's elected term. As the years progressed, however, more and more of these widow successors sought reelection. These women began to win their own elections.

39 widows have won their husbands' seats in the House, and eight have won their husbands' seats in the Senate. The only current example is Representative Doris Matsui of California. The most successful example is Margaret Chase Smith of Maine, who served a total of 32 years in both houses and became the first woman elected to both the House and the Senate. She began the end of McCarthyism with a famous speech, "The Declaration of Conscience", became the first major-party female presidential candidate and the first woman to receive votes at a national nominating convention, and was the first (and highest ranking to date) woman to enter the Republican Party Senate leadership (in the third-highest post of Chairwoman of the Senate Republican Conference). The third woman elected to Congress, Winnifred Huck, was similarly elected to her father's seat.

Number of women

Number of women in the United States House of Representatives and Senate by Congress

Women U.S. representatives of the 113th Congress
Women U.S. representatives of the 113th Congress
A gradient map showing the current numbers of each gender in the US House of Representatives by state. (Last updated: January 10, 2021) .mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}  Only male representatives   Even male/female split   Only female representatives
A gradient map showing the current numbers of each gender in the US House of Representatives by state. (Last updated: January 10, 2021)
  Only male representatives
  Even male/female split
  Only female representatives
The number of women who sought and won election to Congress in each election cycle from 1974 to 2018.[28] [29]
The number of women who sought and won election to Congress in each election cycle from 1974 to 2018.[28] [29]

Number of women in the United States Congress (1917–2023):[30][31]

Congress Years in Congress %
65th 1917–1919 1 0.2%
66th 1919–1921 0 0%
67th 1921–1923 4 0.7%
68th 1923–1925 1 0.2%
69th 1925–1927 3 0.6%
70th 1927–1929 5 0.9%
71st 1929–1931 9 1.7%
72nd 1931–1933 8 1.5%
73rd 1933–1935 8 1.5%
74th 1935–1937 8 1.5%
75th 1937–1939 9 1.7%
76th 1939–1941 9 1.7%
77th 1941–1943 10 1.9%
78th 1943–1945 9 1.7%
79th 1945–1947 11 2.1%
80th 1947–1949 8 1.5%
81st 1949–1951 10 1.9%
82nd 1951–1953 11 2.1%
83rd 1953–1955 15 2.8%
84th 1955–1957 18 3.4%
85th 1957–1959 16 3.0%
86th 1959–1961 19 3.5%
87th 1961–1963 20 3.7%
88th 1963–1965 14 2.6%
89th 1965–1967 13 2.4%
90th 1967–1969 12 2.2%
91st 1969–1971 11 2.1%
92nd 1971–1973 15 2.8%
93rd 1973–1975 16 3.0%
94th 1975–1977 19 3.6%
95th 1977–1979 20 3.7%
96th 1979–1981 17 3.2%
97th 1981–1983 23 4.3%
98th 1983–1985 24 4.5%
99th 1985–1987 25 4.7%
100th 1987–1989 26 4.9%
101st 1989–1991 31 5.8%
102nd 1991–1993 33 6.2%
103rd 1993–1995 55 10.3%
104th 1995–1997 59 11.0%
105th 1997–1999 66 12.3%
106th 1999–2001 67 12.5%
107th 2001–2003 75 14.0%
108th 2003–2005 77 14.4%
109th 2005–2007 85 15.9%
110th 2007–2009 94 17.6%
111th 2009–2011 96 17.9%
112th 2011–2013 96 17.9%
113th 2013–2015 104 19.2%
114th 2015–2017 109 20.1%
115th 2017–2019 116 21.4%
116th 2019–2021 131 24.2%
117th 2021–2023 147 27.2%

Number of women in the United States House of Representatives by party

Notes: "% of party" is taken from voting members at the beginning of the Congress, while numbers and "% of women" include all female House members of the given Congress

Congress Years Women total Republican % of women % of party Democratic % of women % of party
65th 1917–1919 1 1 100% 0.5% 0 0.0% 0.0%
66th 1919–1921 0 0 0.0% 0.0% 0 0.0% 0.0%
67th 1921–1923 3 3 100% 0.3% 0 0.0% 0.0%
68th 1923–1925 1 1 100% 0.4% 0 0.0% 0.0%
69th 1925–1927 3 2 66.7% 0.4% 1 33.3% 0.5%
70th 1927–1929 5 3 60.0% 1.3% 2 40.0% 0.5%
71st 1929–1931 9 5 55.6% 1.9% 4 44.4% 1.8%
72nd 1931–1933 7 3 42.9% 1.4% 4 57.1% 1.4%
73rd 1933–1935 7 3 42.9% 1.7% 4 57.1% 1.0%
74th 1935–1937 6 2 33.3% 1.9% 4 66.7% 1.2%
75th 1937–1939 6 1 16.7% 1.1% 5 83.3% 1.2%
76th 1939–1941 8 4 50.0% 1.2% 4 50.0% 0.8%
77th 1941–1943 9 5 55.6% 3.1% 4 44.4% 0.7%
78th 1943–1945 8 6 75.0% 2.9% 2 25.0% 0.5%
79th 1945–1947 11 5 45.5% 2.6% 6 54.5% 1.7%
80th 1947–1949 7 5 71.4% 2.0% 2 28.6% 1.1%
81st 1949–1951 9 4 44.4% 2.3% 5 55.6% 1.5%
82nd 1951–1953 10 6 60.0% 3.0% 4 40.0% 0.9%
83rd 1953–1955 12 7 58.3% 2.7% 5 41.7% 2.3%
84th 1955–1957 17 7 41.2% 3.0% 10 58.8% 3.4%
85th 1957–1959 15 6 40.0% 3.0% 9 60.0% 3.8%
86th 1959–1961 17 8 47.1% 5.2% 9 52.9% 2.8%
87th 1961–1963 18 7 38.9% 3.5% 11 61.1% 3.4%
88th 1963–1965 12 6 50.0% 2.8% 6 50.0% 2.3%
89th 1965–1967 11 4 36.4% 2.9% 7 63.6% 2.0%
90th 1967–1969 11 5 45.5% 2.7% 6 54.5% 2.4%
91st 1969–1971 10 4 40.0% 2.1% 6 60.0% 2.5%
92nd 1971–1973 13 3 23.1% 1.1% 10 76.9% 3.5%
93rd 1973–1975 16 2 12.5% 1.0% 14 87.5% 5.0%
94th 1975–1977 19 5 26.3% 2.8% 14 73.7% 4.8%
95th 1977–1979 18 5 27.8% 3.5% 13 72.2% 4.5%
96th 1979–1981 16 5 31.3% 3.2% 11 68.8% 4.0%
97th 1981–1983 21 10 47.6% 4.7% 11 52.4% 3.7%
98th 1983–1985 22 9 40.9% 5.5% 13 59.1% 4.4%
99th 1985–1987 23 11 47.8% 6.0% 12 52.2% 4.3%
100th 1987–1989 23 11 47.8% 6.0% 12 52.2% 4.3%
101st 1989–1991 29 13 44.8% 6.0% 16 55.2% 5.6%
102nd 1991–1993 30 9 30.0% 5.5% 21 70.0% 7.0%
103rd 1993–1995 48 12 25.0% 6.8% 36 75.0% 13.6%
104th 1995–1997 50 18 36.0% 7.4% 32 64.0% 14.7%
105th 1997–1999 56 17 30.4% 7.5% 39 69.6% 18.8%
106th 1999–2001 58 17 29.3% 7.6% 41 70.7% 18.5%
107th 2001–2003 62 18 29.0% 8.1% 44 71.0% 19.0%
108th 2003–2005 63 21 33.3% 9.2% 42 66.7% 18.5%
109th 2005–2007 71 25 35.2% 9.9% 46 64.8% 20.9%
110th 2007–2009 78 21 26.9% 9.9% 57 73.1% 20.2%
111th 2009–2011 79 17 21.5% 9.6% 62 78.5% 21.5%
112th 2011–2013 79 24 30.4% 9.9% 55 69.6% 23.8%
113th 2013–2015 82 20 24.4% 8.2% 62 75.6% 29.0%
114th 2015–2017 88 23 26.2% 8.9% 65 73.8% 33.0%
115th 2017–2019 89 25 25.3% 8.7% 64 74.7% 32.0%
116th 2019–2021 101 13 12.9% 6.5% 88 87.1% 37.4%
117th 2021–2023 121 31 25.6% 14.2% 90 74.4% 40.1%

Percentage of women by party and year


Showing the data tabulated above (as of the 117th Congress) as a graph.
Showing the data tabulated above (as of the 117th Congress) as a graph.

List of female members

This is a complete list of women who have served as U.S. representatives or delegates of the United States House of Representatives. Members are grouped by the apportionment period during which such member commenced serving. This list includes women who served in the past and who continue to serve in the present.

Female members whose service began between 1917 and 1932

Portrait Name
(lifespan)
Party District Term start Term end Reason(s) for leaving
Rep. Rankin
Jeannette Rankin
(1880–1973)
[b]
Republican Montana at-large March 4, 1917 March 3, 1919 Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Republican nomination for the 1918 United States Senate election in Montana
Montana's 1st January 3, 1941 January 3, 1943 Retired
Rep. Robertson
Alice Robertson
(1854–1931)
[c]
Republican Oklahoma's 2nd March 4, 1921 March 3, 1923 Lost reelection
Rep. Huck
Winnifred Huck
(1882–1936)
[d]
Republican Illinois at-large November 7, 1922 March 3, 1923 Lost renomination
Rep. Nolan
Mae Nolan
(1886–1973)
[e]
Republican California's 5th January 23, 1923 March 3, 1925 Retired
Rep. Kahn
Florence Kahn
(1866–1948)
[f]
Republican California's 4th March 4, 1925 January 3, 1937 Lost reelection
Rep. Norton
Mary Norton
(1875–1959)
[g]
Democratic New Jersey's 12th & 13th March 4, 1925 January 3, 1951 Retired
Rep. Rogers
Edith Rogers
(1881–1960)
[h]
Republican Massachusetts's 5th June 30, 1925 September 10, 1960 Died in office
Rep. Langley
Katherine G. Langley
(1888–1948)
[i]
Republican Kentucky's 7th March 4, 1927 March 3, 1931 Retired
Rep. Oldfield
Pearl Oldfield
(1876–1962)
[j]
Democratic Arkansas's 2nd January 9, 1929 March 3, 1931 Retired
Rep. McCormick
Ruth McCormick
(1880–1944)
[k]
Republican Illinois at-large March 4, 1929 March 3, 1931 Retired to run unsuccessfully for the 1930 United States Senate election in Illinois
Rep. Owen
Ruth Owen
(1885–1954)
[l]
Democratic Florida's 4th March 4, 1929 March 3, 1933 Lost renomination[m]
Rep. Pratt
Ruth Pratt
(1877–1965)
Republican New York's 17th March 4, 1929 March 3, 1933 Lost reelection
Rep. Wingo
Effiegene Wingo
(1883–1962)
[n]
Democratic Arkansas's 4th November 4, 1930 March 3, 1933 Retired
Rep. Eslick
Willa Eslick
(1878–1961)
[o]
Democratic Tennessee's 7th August 14, 1932 March 3, 1933 Not eligible for reelection having not qualified for nomination

Female members whose service began between 1933 and 1942

Portrait Name
(lifespan)
Party District Term start Term end Reason(s) for leaving
Rep. Jenckes
Virginia E. Jenckes
(1877–1975)
Democratic Indiana's 6th March 4, 1933 January 3, 1939 Lost reelection
Rep. McCarthy
Kathryn O'Loughlin-McCarthy
(1894–1952)
Democratic Kansas's 6th March 4, 1933 January 3, 1935 Lost reelection
Rep. Greenway
Isabella Greenway
(1886–1953)
Democratic Arizona at-large October 2, 1933 January 3, 1937 Retired
Rep. Clarke
Marian W. Clarke
(1880–1953)
[p]
Republican New York's 34th December 28, 1933 January 3, 1935 Retired
Rep. O'Day
Caroline O'Day
(1869–1943)
Democratic New York at-large January 3, 1935 January 3, 1943 Retired
Rep. Honeyman
Nan Honeyman
(1881–1970)
Democratic Oregon's 3rd January 3, 1937 January 3, 1939 Lost reelection
Rep. Gasque
Elizabeth Gasque
(1886–1989)
[q]
Democratic South Carolina's 6th September 13, 1938 January 3, 1939 Retired
Rep. Sumner
Jessie Sumner
(1898–1994)
Republican Illinois's 18th January 3, 1939 January 3, 1947 Retired
Rep. McMillan
Clara G. McMillan
(1894–1976)
[r]
Democratic South Carolina's 1st November 7, 1939 January 3, 1941 Retired
Rep. Bolton
Frances P. Bolton
(1885–1977)
[s]
Republican Ohio's 22nd February 27, 1940 January 3, 1969 Lost reelection
Rep. Smith
Margaret Chase Smith
(1897–1995)
[t]
Republican Maine's 2nd June 3, 1940 January 3, 1949 Retired to run successfully for the 1948 United States Senate election in Maine, thus becoming the first woman elected to the United States Senate in a general election without previously being appointed, elected in a special election, or succeeding her husband
Rep. Gibbs
Florence Gibbs
(1890–1964)
[u]
Democratic Georgia's 8th October 1, 1940 January 3, 1941 Retired
Rep. Byron
Katharine Byron
(1903–1976)
[v]
Democratic Maryland's 6th May 27, 1941 January 3, 1943 Retired
Rep. Boland
Veronica Boland
(1899–1982)
[w]
Democratic Pennsylvania's 11th November 3, 1942 January 3, 1943 Retired

Female members whose service began between 1943 and 1952

Portrait Name
(lifespan)
Party District Term start Term end Reason(s) for leaving
Rep. Luce
Clare Boothe Luce
(1903–1987)
Republican Connecticut's 4th January 3, 1943 January 3, 1947 Retired[x]
Rep. Stanley
Winifred C. Stanley
(1909–1996)
Republican New York at-large January 3, 1943 January 3, 1945 Retired
Rep. Fulmer
Willa L. Fulmer
(1884–1968)
[y]
Democratic South Carolina's 2nd November 7, 1944 January 3, 1945 Retired
Rep. Douglas
Emily Douglas
(1899–1994)
Democratic Illinois at-large January 3, 1945 January 3, 1947 Lost reelection
Rep. Douglas
Helen Gahagan-Douglas
(1900–1980)
Democratic California's 14th January 3, 1945 January 3, 1951 Retired to run unsuccessfully for the 1950 United States Senate election in California
Rep. Woodhouse
Chase G. Woodhouse
(1890–1984)
[z]
Democratic Connecticut's 2nd January 3, 1945 January 3, 1947 Lost reelection
January 3, 1949 January 3, 1951 Lost reelection
Rep. Mankin
Helen Mankin
(1896–1956)
Democratic Georgia's 5th February 12, 1946 January 3, 1947 Lost renomination
Rep. Pratt
Eliza Pratt
(1902–1981)
Democratic North Carolina's 8th May 25, 1946 January 3, 1947 Retired
Rep. Lusk
Georgia Lusk
(1893–1971)
Democratic New Mexico at-large January 3, 1947 January 3, 1949 Lost renomination
Rep. St. George
Katharine St. George
(1894–1983)
Republican New York's 29th, 28th, & 27th January 3, 1947 January 3, 1965 Lost reelection
Rep. Bosone
Reva Bosone
(1895–1983)
Democratic Utah's 2nd January 3, 1949 January 3, 1953 Lost reelection
Rep. Harden
Cecil M. Harden
(1894–1984)
Republican Indiana's 6th January 3, 1949 January 3, 1959 Lost reelection
Rep. Kelly
Edna F. Kelly
(1906–1997)
Democratic New York's 10th & 12th November 8, 1949 January 3, 1969 Lost renomination
Rep. Church
Marguerite S. Church
(1892–1990)
[aa]
Republican Illinois's 13th January 3, 1951 January 3, 1963 Retired
Rep. Thompson
Ruth Thompson
(1887–1970)
Republican Michigan's 9th January 3, 1951 January 3, 1957 Lost renomination
Rep. Kee
Elizabeth Kee
(1895–1975)
[ab]
Democratic West Virginia's 5th July 17, 1951 January 3, 1965 Retired
Rep. Buchanan
Vera Buchanan
(1902–1955)
[ac]
Democratic Pennsylvania's 33rd & 30th July 24, 1951 October 26, 1955 Died in office

Female members whose service began between 1953 and 1962

Portrait Name
(lifespan)
Party District Term start Term end Reason(s) for leaving
Rep. Pfost
Gracie Pfost
(1906–1965)
Democratic Idaho's 1st January 3, 1953 January 3, 1963 Retired to run unsuccessfully for the 1962 United States Senate election in Idaho
Rep. Sullivan
Leonor Sullivan
(1902–1988)
Democratic Missouri's 3rd January 3, 1953 January 3, 1977 Retired
Del. Farrington
Elizabeth P. Farrington
(1898–1984)
[ad]
Republican Hawaii's at-large July 31, 1954 January 3, 1957 Lost reelection
Rep. Blitch
Iris Blitch
(1912–1993)
[ae]
Democratic Georgia's 8th January 3, 1955 January 3, 1963 Retired
Rep. Green
Edith Green
(1910–1987)
Democratic Oregon's 3rd January 3, 1955 December 31, 1974 Retired
Rep. Griffiths
Martha Griffiths
(1912–2003)
Democratic Michigan's 17th January 3, 1955 December 31, 1974 Retired[af]
Rep. Knutson
Coya Knutson
(1912–1996)
Democratic (DFL) Minnesota's 9th January 3, 1955 January 3, 1959 Lost reelection
Rep. Granahan
Kathryn E. Granahan
(1894–1979)
[ag]
Democratic Pennsylvania's 2nd November 6, 1956 January 3, 1963 Retired[ah]
Rep. Dwyer
Florence P. Dwyer
(1902–1976)
Republican New Jersey's 6th & 12th January 3, 1957 January 3, 1973 Retired
Rep. May
Catherine May
(1914–2004)
Republican Washington's 4th January 3, 1959 January 3, 1971 Lost reelection
Rep. Simpson
Edna O. Simpson
(1891–1984)
[ai]
Republican Illinois's 20th January 3, 1959 January 3, 1961 Retired
Rep. Weis
Jessica M. Weis
(1901–1963)
Republican New York's 38th January 3, 1959 January 3, 1963 Retired
Rep. Hansen
Julia Hansen
(1907–1988)
Democratic Washington's 3rd November 8, 1960 December 31, 1974 Retired
Rep. Norrell
Catherine Norrell
(1901–1981)
[aj]
Democratic Arkansas's 6th April 19, 1961 January 3, 1963 Retired
Rep. Reece
Louise Reece
(1898–1970)
[ak]
Republican Tennessee's 1st May 16, 1961 January 3, 1963 Retired
Rep. Riley
Corinne Riley
(1893–1979)
[al]
Democratic South Carolina's 2nd April 10, 1962 January 3, 1963 Retired

Female members whose service began between 1963 and 1972

Portrait Name
(lifespan)
Party District Term start Term end Reason(s) for leaving
Rep. Reid
Charlotte Reid
(1913–2007)
[am]
Republican Illinois's 15th January 3, 1963 October 7, 1971 Resigned to become a member of the Federal Communications Commission
Rep. Baker
Irene Baker
(1901–1994)
[an]
Republican Tennessee's 2nd January 7, 1964 January 3, 1965 Retired
Rep. Mink
Patsy Mink
(1927–2002)
[ao]
Democratic Hawaii's at-large & 2nd January 3, 1965 January 3, 1977 Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Democratic nomination for the 1976 United States Senate election in Hawaii[ap]
Hawaii's 2nd September 22, 1990 September 28, 2002 Died in office
Rep. Thomas
Lera Thomas
(1900–1993)
[aq]
Democratic Texas's 8th March 26, 1966 January 3, 1967 Retired
Rep. Heckler
Margaret Heckler
(1931–2018)
Republican Massachusetts's 10th January 3, 1967 January 3, 1983 Lost reelection[ar]
Rep. Chisholm
Shirley Chisholm
(1924–2005)
[as]
Democratic New York's 12th January 3, 1969 January 3, 1983 Retired
Rep. Abzug
Bella Abzug
(1920–1998)
Democratic New York's 19th & 20th January 3, 1971 January 3, 1977 Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Democratic nomination for the 1976 United States Senate election in New York
Rep. Grasso
Ella T. Grasso
(1919–1981)
[at]
Democratic Connecticut's 6th January 3, 1971 January 3, 1975 Retired to run successfully for Governor of Connecticut
Rep. Hicks
Louise Day Hicks
(1916–2003)
Democratic Massachusetts's 9th January 3, 1971 January 3, 1973 Lost reelection
Rep. Andrews
Elizabeth B. Andrews
(1911–2002)
[au]
Democratic Alabama's 3rd April 4, 1972 January 3, 1973 Retired

Female members whose service began between 1973 and 1982

Portrait Name
(lifespan)
Party District Term start Term end Reason(s) for leaving
Rep. Braithwaite-Burke
Yvonne Burke
(born 1932)
Democratic California's 37th & 28th January 3, 1973 January 3, 1979 Retired to run unsuccessfully for Attorney General of California
Rep. Holt
Marjorie Holt
(1920–2018)
Republican Maryland's 4th January 3, 1973 January 3, 1987 Retired
Rep. Holtzman
Elizabeth Holtzman
(born 1941)
Democratic New York's 16th January 3, 1973 January 3, 1981 Retired to run unsuccessfully for the 1980 United States Senate election in New York
Rep. Jordan
Barbara Jordan
(1936–1996)
Democratic Texas's 18th January 3, 1973 January 3, 1979 Retired
Rep. Schroeder
Pat Schroeder
(born 1940)
Democratic Colorado's 1st January 3, 1973 January 3, 1997 Retired
Rep. Boggs
Lindy Boggs
(1916–2013)
[av]
Democratic Louisiana's 2nd March 20, 1973 January 3, 1991 Retired[aw]
Rep. Collins
Cardiss Collins
(1931–2013)
[ax]
Democratic Illinois's 7th June 5, 1973 January 3, 1997 Retired
Rep. Fenwick
Millicent Fenwick
(1910–1992)
[ay]
Republican New Jersey's 5th January 3, 1975 January 3, 1983 Retired to run unsuccessfully for the 1982 United States Senate election in New Jersey[az]
Rep. Keys
Martha Keys
(born 1930)
Democratic Kansas's 2nd January 3, 1975 January 3, 1979 Lost reelection
Rep. Lloyd
Marilyn Lloyd
(1929–2018)
[am]
Democratic Tennessee's 3rd January 3, 1975 January 3, 1995 Retired
Rep. Smith
Virginia D. Smith
(1911–2006)
Republican Nebraska's 3rd January 3, 1975 January 3, 1991 Retired
Rep. Spellman
Gladys Spellman
(1918–1988)
Democratic Maryland's 5th January 3, 1975 February 24, 1981 After suffering a debilitating heart attack and slipping into a comatose state, her seat was declared vacant by the House
Rep. Stevenson-Meyner
Helen Stevenson-Meyner
(1929–1997)
Democratic New Jersey's 13th January 3, 1975 January 3, 1979 Lost reelection
Rep. Pettis
Shirley Pettis
(1924–2016)
[ba]
Republican California's 37th April 29, 1975 January 3, 1979 Retired
Rep. Mikulski
Barbara Mikulski
(born 1936)
Democratic Maryland's 3rd January 3, 1977 January 3, 1987 Retired to run successfully for the 1986 United States Senate election in Maryland
Rep. Oakar
Mary Oakar
(born 1940)
[bb]
Democratic Ohio's 20th January 3, 1977 January 3, 1993 Lost reelection
Rep. Byron
Beverly Byron
(born 1932)
[bc]
Democratic Maryland's 6th January 3, 1979 January 3, 1993 Lost renomination
Rep. Ferraro
Geraldine Ferraro
(1935–2011)
Democratic New York's 9th January 3, 1979 January 3, 1985 Retired to run unsuccessfully as the Democrat nominee for Vice President of the United States during the 1984 United States presidential election[bd]
Rep. Snowe
Olympia Snowe
(born 1947)
Republican Maine's 2nd January 3, 1979 January 3, 1995 Retired to run successfully for the 1994 United States Senate election in Maine
Rep. Fiedler
Bobbi Fiedler
(1937–2019)
Republican California's 21st January 3, 1981 January 3, 1987 Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Republican nomination for the 1986 United States Senate election in California
Rep. Morely-Martin
Lynn Morley-Martin
(born 1939)
Republican Illinois's 16th January 3, 1981 January 3, 1991 Retired to run unsuccessfully for the 1990 United States Senate election in Illinois[be]
Rep. Roukema
Marge Roukema
(1929–2014)
Republican New Jersey's 7th & 5th January 3, 1981 January 3, 2003 Retired
Rep. Schneider
Claudine Schneider
(born 1947)
Republican Rhode Island's 2nd January 3, 1981 January 3, 1991 Retired to run unsuccessfully for the 1990 United States Senate election in Rhode Island
Rep. Kennelly
Barbara B. Kennelly
(born 1936)
[at]
Democratic Connecticut's 1st January 12, 1982 January 3, 1999 Retired to run unsuccessfully for the 1998 Connecticut gubernatorial election
Rep. Spencer-Ashbrook
Jean Spencer-Ashbrook
(born 1934)
[bf]
Republican Ohio's 17th June 29, 1982 January 3, 1983 Retired
Rep. Hall
Katie Hall
(1938–2012)
Democratic Indiana's 1st November 2, 1982 January 3, 1985 Lost renomination

Female members whose service began between 1983 and 1992

Portrait Name
(lifespan)
Party District Term start Term end Reason(s) for leaving
Rep. Boxer
Barbara Boxer
(born 1940)
Democratic California's 6th January 3, 1983 January 3, 1993 Retired to run successfully for the 1992 United States Senate election in California
Rep. Johnson
Nancy Johnson
(born 1935)
Republican Connecticut's 6th & 5th January 3, 1983 January 3, 2007 Lost reelection
Rep. Kaptur
Marcy Kaptur
(born 1946)
Democratic Ohio's 9th January 3, 1983 Present
Rep. Vucanovich
Barbara Vucanovich
(1921–2013)
[bg]
Republican Nevada's 2nd January 3, 1983 January 3, 1997 Retired
Rep. Burton
Sala Burton
(1925–1987)
[bh]
Democratic California's 5th June 21, 1983 February 1, 1987 Died in office
Rep. Delich-Bentley
Helen Delich-Bentley
(1923–2016)
Republican Maryland's 2nd January 3, 1985 January 3, 1995 Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Republican nomination for the 1994 Maryland gubernatorial election
Rep. Meyers
Jan Meyers
(1928–2019)
Republican Kansas's 3rd January 3, 1985 January 3, 1997 Retired
Rep. Small-Long
Catherine Small-Long
(1924–2019)
[bi]
Democratic Louisiana's 8th March 30, 1985 January 3, 1987 Retired
Rep. Morella
Connie Morella
(born 1931)
Republican Maryland's 8th January 3, 1987 January 3, 2003 Lost reelection[bj]
Rep. Patterson
Liz J. Patterson
(1939–2018)
[bk]
Democratic South Carolina's 4th January 3, 1987 January 3, 1993 Lost reelection
Rep. Saiki
Pat Saiki
(born 1930)
Republican Hawaii's 1st January 3, 1987 January 3, 1991 Retired to run unsuccessfully for the 1990 United States Senate special election in Hawaii[bl]
Rep. Slaughter
Louise Slaughter
(1929–2018)
Democratic New York's 30th, 28th, & 25th January 3, 1987 March 16, 2018 Died in office
Rep. Pelosi
Nancy Pelosi
(born 1940)
[bm]
Democratic California's 5th, 8th, & 12th June 2, 1987 Present
Rep. Lowey
Nita Lowey
(born 1937)
Democratic New York's 20th, 18th, & 17th January 3, 1989 January 3, 2021 Retired
Rep. Unsoeld
Jolene Unsoeld
(born 1931)
Democratic Washington's 3rd January 3, 1989 January 3, 1995 Lost reelection
Rep. Long-Thompson
Jill Long-Thompson
(born 1952)
Democratic Indiana's 4th March 20, 1989 January 3, 1995 Lost reelection
Rep. Ros-Lehtinen
Ileana Ros-Lehtinen
(born 1952)
Republican Florida's 18th & 27th August 29, 1989 January 3, 2019 Retired
Rep. Molinari
Susan Molinari
(born 1958)
[bn]
Republican New York's 14th & 13th March 20, 1990 August 2, 1997 Resigned to become co-host of CBS This Morning
Rep. Collins
Barbara-Rose Collins
(born 1939)
Democratic Michigan's 13th & 15th January 3, 1991 January 3, 1997 Lost renomination
Rep. DeLauro
Rosa DeLauro
(born 1943)
Democratic Connecticut's 3rd January 3, 1991 Present
Del. Holmes-Norton
Eleanor Holmes-Norton
(born 1937)
Democratic DC at-large January 3, 1991 Present
Rep. Horn
Joan Horn
(born 1936)
Democratic Missouri's 2nd January 3, 1991 January 3, 1993 Lost reelection
Rep. Waters
Maxine Waters
(born 1938)
Democratic California's 29th, 35th, & 43rd January 3, 1991 Present
Rep. Clayton
Eva M. Clayton
(born 1934)
Democratic North Carolina's 1st November 3, 1992 January 3, 2001 Retired

Female members whose service began between 1993 and 2002

Portrait Name
(lifespan)
Party District Term start Term end Reason(s) for leaving
Rep. Brown
Corrine Brown
(born 1946)
Democratic Florida's 3rd & 5th January 3, 1993 January 3, 2017 Lost renomination
Rep. Byrne
Leslie L. Byrne
(born 1946)
Democratic Virginia's 11th January 3, 1993 January 3, 1995 Lost reelection
Rep. Cantwell
Maria Cantwell
(born 1958)
Democratic Washington's 1st January 3, 1993 January 3, 1995 Lost reelection[bo]
Rep. Danner
Pat Danner
(born 1934)
Democratic Missouri's 6th January 3, 1993 January 3, 2001 Retired
Rep. Dunn
Jennifer Dunn
(1941–2007)
Republican Washington's 8th January 3, 1993 January 3, 2005 Retired
Rep. English
Karan English
(born 1949)
Democratic Arizona's 6th January 3, 1993 January 3, 1995 Lost reelection
Rep. Eshoo
Anna Eshoo
(born 1942)
Democratic California's 14th & 18th January 3, 1993 Present
Rep. Fowler
Tillie K. Fowler
(1942–2005)
Republican Florida's 4th January 3, 1993 January 3, 2001 Retired
Rep. Furse
Elizabeth Furse
(1936–2021)
Democratic Oregon's 1st January 3, 1993 January 3, 1999 Retired
Rep. Harman
Jane Harman
(born 1945)
Democratic California's 36th January 3, 1993 January 3, 1999 Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Democratic nomination for the 1998 California gubernatorial election
January 3, 2001 February 28, 2011 Resigned to become the Director, President, and Chief Executive Officer of the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars
Rep. Johnson
Eddie Johnson
(born 1936)
Democratic Texas's 30th January 3, 1993 Present
Rep. Lincoln
Blanche Lincoln
(born 1960)
Democratic Arkansas's 1st January 3, 1993 January 3, 1997 Retired[bp]
Rep. Maloney
Carolyn Maloney
(born 1946)
Democratic New York's 14th & 12th January 3, 1993 Present
Rep. Margolies-Mezvinsky
Marjorie Margolies-Mezvinsky
(born 1942)
Democratic Pennsylvania's 13th January 3, 1993 January 3, 1995 Lost reelection
Rep. McKinney
Cynthia McKinney
(born 1955)
Democratic Georgia's 11th & 4th January 3, 1993 January 3, 2003 Lost renomination
Georgia's 4th January 3, 2005 January 3, 2007 Lost renomination[bq]
Rep. Meek
Carrie P. Meek
(born 1926)
Democratic Florida's 17th January 3, 1993 January 3, 2003 Retired
Rep. Pryce
Deborah Pryce
(born 1951)
Republican Ohio's 15th January 3, 1993 January 3, 2009 Retired
Rep. Roybal-Allard
Lucille Roybal-Allard
(born 1941)
[br]
Democratic California's 33rd, 34th, & 40th January 3, 1993 Present
Rep. Schenk
Lynn Schenk
(born 1945)
Democratic California's 49th January 3, 1993 January 3, 1995 Lost reelection
Rep. Shepherd
Karen Shepherd
(born 1940)
Democratic Utah's 2nd January 3, 1993 January 3, 1995 Lost reelection
Rep. Thurman
Karen Thurman
(born 1951)
Democratic Florida's 5th January 3, 1993 January 3, 2003 Lost reelection
Rep. Velázquez
Nydia Velázquez
(born 1953)
Democratic New York's 12th & 7th January 3, 1993 Present
Rep. Woolsey
Lynn Woolsey
(born 1937)
Democratic California's 6th January 3, 1993 January 3, 2013 Retired
Rep. Chenoweth-Hage
Helen Chenoweth
(1938–2006)
Republican Idaho's 1st January 3, 1995 January 3, 2001 Retired
Rep. Cubin
Barbara Cubin
(born 1946)
Republican Wyoming's at-large January 3, 1995 January 3, 2009 Retired
Rep. Jackson-Lee
Sheila Jackson-Lee
(born 1950)
Democratic Texas's 18th January 3, 1995 Present
Rep. Kelly
Sue Kelly
(born 1936)
Republican New York's 19th January 3, 1995 January 3, 2007 Lost reelection
Rep. Lofgren
Zoe Lofgren
(born 1947)
Democratic California's 16th & 19th January 3, 1995 Present
Rep. McCarthy
Karen McCarthy
(1947–2010)
Democratic Missouri's 5th January 3, 1995 January 3, 2005 Retired
Rep. Myrick
Sue Myrick
(born 1941)
Republican North Carolina's 9th January 3, 1995 January 3, 2013 Retired
Rep. Rivers
Lynn N. Rivers
(born 1956)
Democratic Michigan's 13th January 3, 1995 January 3, 2003 Lost renomination
Rep. Sestrand
Andrea Seastrand
(born 1941)
Republican California's 22nd January 3, 1995 January 3, 1997 Lost reelection
Rep. Smith
Linda Smith
(born 1950)
Republican Washington's 3rd January 3, 1995 January 3, 1999 Retired to run unsuccessfully for the 1998 United States Senate election in Washington
Enid G. Mickelsen.jpg
Enid Greene Waldholtz
(born 1958)
Republican Utah's 2nd January 3, 1995 January 3, 1997 Retired
Rep. Millender-McDonald
Juanita Millender-McDonald
(1938–2007)
Democratic California's 37th March 26, 1996 April 22, 2007 Died in office
Rep. Emerson
Jo Ann Emerson
(born 1950)
[bs]
Republican Missouri's 8th November 5, 1996 January 3, 1997 Retook seat as an independent, having been reelected under that designation
Independent January 3, 1997 January 8, 1997 Changed party back to Republican
Republican January 8, 1997 January 22, 2013 Resigned to become the President and Chief Executive Officer of the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association
Rep. Carson
Julia Carson
(1938–2007)
[bt]
Democratic Indiana's 10th & 7th January 3, 1997 December 15, 2007 Died in office
Rep. Cheeks-Kilpatrick
Carolyn Cheeks-Kilpatrick
(born 1945)
Democratic Michigan's 15th & 13th January 3, 1997 January 3, 2011 Lost renomination
Del. Christian-Christensen
Donna Christian-Christensen
(born 1945)
Democratic U.S. Virgin Island's at-large January 3, 1997 January 3, 2015 Retired to run unsuccessfully for the 2014 United States Virgin Islands gubernatorial election
Rep. DeGette
Diana DeGette
(born 1957)
Democratic Colorado's 1st January 3, 1997 Present
Rep. Granger
Kay Granger
(born 1943)
Republican Texas's 12th January 3, 1997 Present
Rep. Hooley
Darlene Hooley
(born 1939)
Democratic Oregon's 5th January 3, 1997 January 3, 2009 Retired
Rep. McCarthy
Carolyn McCarthy
(born 1944)
Democratic New York's 4th January 3, 1997 January 3, 2015 Retired
Rep. Northup
Anne Northup
(born 1948)
Republican Kentucky's 3rd January 3, 1997 January 3, 2007 Lost reelection
Rep. Sanchez
Loretta Sánchez
(born 1960)
[bu]
Democratic California's 46th, 47th, & 46th January 3, 1997 January 3, 2017 Retired to run unsuccessfully for the 2016 United States Senate election in California
Rep. Stabenow
Debbie Stabenow
(born 1950)
Democratic Michigan's 8th January 3, 1997 January 3, 2001 Retired to run successfully for the 2000 United States Senate election in Michigan
Rep. Tauscher
Ellen Tauscher
(1951–2019)
Democratic California's 10th January 3, 1997 June 26, 2009 Resigned to become Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security Affairs
Rep. Capps
Lois Capps
(born 1938)
[bv]
Democratic California's 22nd, 23rd, & 24th March 10, 1998 January 3, 2017 Retired
Rep. Bono Mack
Mary Bono
(born 1961)
[bw]
Republican California's 44th & 45th April 7, 1998 January 3, 2013 Lost reelection
Rep. Lee
Barbara Lee
(born 1946)
Democratic California's 9th & 13th April 7, 1998 Present
Rep. Wilson
Heather Wilson
(born 1960)
Republican New Mexico's 1st June 25, 1998 January 3, 2009 Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Republican nomination for the 2008 United States Senate election in New Mexico[bx]
Rep. Baldwin
Tammy Baldwin
(born 1962)
[by]
Democratic Wisconsin's 2nd January 3, 1999 January 3, 2013 Retired to run successfully for the 2012 United States Senate election in Wisconsin
Rep. Berkley
Shelley Berkley
(born 1951)
Democratic Nevada's 1st January 3, 1999 January 3, 2013 Retired to run unsuccessfully for the 2012 United States Senate election in Nevada
Rep. Biggert
Judy Biggert
(born 1937)
Republican Illinois's 13th January 3, 1999 January 3, 2013 Lost reelection
Rep. Napolitano
Grace Napolitano
(born 1936)
Democratic California's 34th, 38th, & 32nd January 3, 1999 Present
Rep. Schakowsky
Jan Schakowsky
(born 1944)
Democratic Illinois's 9th January 3, 1999 Present
Rep. Tubbs Jones
Stephanie Tubbs Jones
(1949–2008)
Democratic Ohio's 11th January 3, 1999 August 20, 2008 Died in office
Rep. Moore-Capito
Shelley Moore Capito
(born 1953)
Republican West Virginia's 2nd January 3, 2001 January 3, 2015 Retired to run successfully for the 2014 United States Senate election in West Virginia
Rep. Davis
Jo Ann Davis
(1950–2007)
Republican Virginia's 1st January 3, 2001 October 6, 2007 Died in office
Rep. Davis
Susan Davis
(born 1944)
Democratic California's 49th & 53rd January 3, 2001 January 3, 2021 Retired
Rep. Hart
Melissa Hart
(born 1962)
Republican Pennsylvania's 4th January 3, 2001 January 3, 2007 Lost reelection
Rep. McCollum
Betty McCollum
(born 1954)
Democratic (DFL) Minnesota's 4th January 3, 2001 Present
Rep. Solis
Hilda Solis
(born 1957)
Democratic California's 31st & 32nd January 3, 2001 February 24, 2009 Resigned to become United States Secretary of Labor
Rep. Watson
Diane Watson
(born 1933)
[bz]
Democratic California's 32nd & 33rd June 5, 2001 January 3, 2011 Retired

Female members whose service began between 2003 and 2012

Portrait Name
(lifespan)
Party District Term start Term end Reason(s) for leaving
Rep. Blackburn
Marsha Blackburn
(born 1952)
Republican Tennessee's 7th January 3, 2003 January 3, 2019 Retired to run successfully for the 2018 United States Senate election in Tennessee
Del. Bordallo
Madeleine Bordallo
(born 1933)
[ca]
Democratic Guam's at-large January 3, 2003 January 3, 2019 Lost renomination
Rep. Brown-Waite
Ginny Brown-Waite
(born 1943)
Republican Florida's 5th January 3, 2003 January 3, 2011 Retired
Rep. Harris
Katherine Harris
(born 1957)
[cb]
Republican Florida's 13th January 3, 2003 January 3, 2007 Retired to run unsuccessfully for the 2006 United States Senate election in Florida
Rep. Majette
Denise Majette
(born 1955)
Democratic Georgia's 4th January 3, 2003 January 3, 2005 Retired to run unsuccessfully for the 2004 United States Senate election in Georgia
Rep. Miller
Candice Miller
(born 1954)
[cc]
Republican Michigan's 10th January 3, 2003 January 3, 2017 Retired to run successfully for Public Works Commissioner of Macomb County
Rep. Musgrave
Marilyn Musgrave
(born 1949)
Republican Colorado's 4th January 3, 2003 January 3, 2009 Lost reelection
Rep. Sánchez
Linda Sánchez
(born 1969)
[cd]
Democratic California's 39th & 38th January 3, 2003 present
Rep. Herseth Sandlin
Stephanie Herseth-Sandlin
(born 1970)
Democratic South Dakota's at-large June 1, 2004 January 3, 2011 Lost reelection
Rep. Bean
Melissa Bean
(born 1962)
Democratic Illinois's 8th January 3, 2005 January 3, 2011 Lost reelection
Rep. Drake
Thelma Drake
(born 1949)
Republican Virginia's 2nd January 3, 2005 January 3, 2009 Lost reelection
Rep. Foxx
Virginia Foxx
(born 1944)
Republican North Carolina's 5th January 3, 2005 present
Rep. McMorris Rodgers
Cathy McMorris-Rodgers
(born 1969)
Republican Washington's 5th January 3, 2005 present
Rep. Moore
Gwen Moore
(born 1951)
Democratic Wisconsin's 4th January 3, 2005 present
Allyson Schwartz
(born 1948)
Democratic Pennsylvania's 13th January 3, 2005 January 3, 2015 Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Democratic nomination for the 2014 Pennsylvania gubernatorial election
Rep. Wasserman-Schultz
Debbie Wasserman-Schultz
(born 1966)
Democratic Florida's 20th & 23rd January 3, 2005 present
Rep. Matsui
Doris Matsui
(born 1944)
[ce]
Democratic California's 5th & 6th March 3, 2005 present
Rep. Schmidt
Jean Schmidt
(born 1951)
Republican Ohio's 2nd September 6, 2005 January 3, 2013 Lost renomination
Rep. Sekula-Gibbs
Shelley Sekula-Gibbs
(born 1953)
Republican Texas's 22nd November 13, 2006 January 3, 2007 Lost election to full term
Rep. Bachmann
Michele Bachmann
(born 1956)
Republican Minnesota's 6th January 3, 2007 January 3, 2015 Retired
Rep. Boyda
Nancy Boyda
(born 1955)
Democratic Kansas's 2nd January 3, 2007 January 3, 2009 Lost reelection
Rep. Castor
Kathy Castor
(born 1966)
Democratic Florida's 11th & 14th January 3, 2007 present
Rep. Clarke
Yvette Clarke
(born 1964)
Democratic New York's 11th & 9th January 3, 2007 present
Rep. Fallin
Mary Fallin
(born 1954)
[cf]
Republican Oklahoma's 5th January 3, 2007 January 3, 2011 Retired to run successfully for the 2010 Oklahoma gubernatorial election
Rep. Giffords
Gabrielle Giffords
(born 1970)
Democratic Arizona's 8th January 3, 2007 January 25, 2012 Resigned due to the injuries from being shot in the head at close range during an assassination attempt during the 2011 Tucson shooting
Rep. Gillibrand
Kirsten Gillibrand
(born 1966)
Democratic New York's 20th January 3, 2007 January 25, 2009 Resigned after being appointed to the United States Senate[cg]
Rep. Hirono
Mazie Hirono
(born 1947)
Democratic Hawaii's 2nd January 3, 2007 January 3, 2013 Retired to run successfully for the 2012 United States Senate election in Hawaii
Rep. Shea-Porter
Carol Shea-Porter
(born 1952)
Democratic New Hampshire's 1st January 3, 2007 January 3, 2011 Lost reelection
January 3, 2013 January 3, 2015 Lost reelection
January 3, 2017 January 3, 2019 Retired
Rep. Sutton
Betty Sutton
(born 1963)
Democratic Ohio's 13th January 3, 2007 January 3, 2013 Lost reelection
Rep. Richardson
Laura Richardson
(born 1962)
Democratic California's 37th August 21, 2007 January 3, 2013 Lost reelection
Rep. Tsongas
Niki Tsongas
(born 1946)
[ch]
Democratic Massachusetts's 5th & 3rd October 16, 2007 January 3, 2019 Retired
Rep. Speier
Jackie Speier
(born 1950)
Democratic California's 12th & 14th April 8, 2008 present
Rep. Edwards
Donna Edwards
(born 1958)
Democratic Maryland's 4th June 17, 2008 January 3, 2017 Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Democratic nomination for the 2016 United States Senate election in Maryland
Rep. Fudge
Marcia Fudge
(born 1952)
Democratic Ohio's 11th November 18, 2008 March 10, 2021 Resigned to become United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
Rep. Dahlkemper
Kathy Dahlkemper
(born 1957)
Democratic Pennsylvania's 3rd January 3, 2009 January 3, 2011 Lost reelection
Rep. Halvorson
Debbie Halvorson
(born 1958)
Democratic Illinois's 11th January 3, 2009 January 3, 2011 Lost reelection
Rep. Jenkins
Lynn Jenkins
(born 1963)
[ci]
Republican Kansas's 2nd January 3, 2009 January 3, 2019 Retired
Rep. Kilroy
Mary Jo Kilroy
(born 1949)
Democratic Ohio's 15th January 3, 2009 January 3, 2011 Lost reelection
Rep. Kirkpatrick
Ann Kirkpatrick
(born 1950)
Democratic Arizona's 1st January 3, 2009 January 3, 2011 Lost reelection
January 3, 2013 January 3, 2017 Retired to run unsuccessfully for the 2016 United States Senate election in Arizona
Arizona's 2nd January 3, 2019 present
Rep. Kosmas
Suzanne Kosmas
(born 1944)
Democratic Florida's 24th January 3, 2009 January 3, 2011 Lost reelection
Rep. Lummis
Cynthia Lummis
(born 1954)
[cj]
Republican Wyoming's at-large January 3, 2009 January 3, 2017 Retired[ck]
Rep. Markey
Betsy Markey
(born 1956)
Democratic Colorado's 4th January 3, 2009 January 3, 2011 Lost reelection
Rep. Pingree
Chellie Pingree
(born 1955)
Democratic Maine's 1st January 3, 2009 present
Rep. Titus
Dina Titus
(born 1950)
Democratic Nevada's 3rd January 3, 2009 January 3, 2011 Lost reelection
Nevada's 1st January 3, 2013 present
Rep. Chu
Judy Chu
(born 1953)
[cl]
Democratic California's 32nd & 27th June 19, 2009 present
Rep. Adams
Sandy Adams
(born 1956)
Republican Florida's 24th January 3, 2011 January 3, 2013 Lost renomination
Rep. Bass
Karen Bass
(born 1953)
Democratic California's 33rd & 37th January 3, 2011 present
Rep. Black
Diane Black
(born 1951)
Republican Tennessee's 6th January 3, 2011 January 3, 2019 Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Republican nomination for the 2018 Tennessee gubernatorial election
Rep. Buerkle
Ann Marie Buerkle
(born 1951)
Republican New York's 25th January 3, 2011 January 3, 2013 Lost reelection
Rep. Ellmers
Renee Ellmers
(born 1964)
Republican North Carolina's 2nd January 3, 2011 January 3, 2017 Lost renomination
Rep. Hanabusa
Colleen Hanabusa
(born 1951)
Democratic Hawaii's 1st January 3, 2011 January 3, 2015 Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Democratic nomination for the 2014 United States Senate special election in Hawaii
November 14, 2016 January 3, 2019 Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Democratic nomination for the 2018 Hawaii gubernatorial election
Rep. Hartzler
Vicky Hartzler
(born 1960)
Republican Missouri's 4th January 3, 2011 present
Rep. Hayworth
Nan Hayworth
(born 1959)
Republican New York's 19th January 3, 2011 January 3, 2013 Lost reelection
Rep. Herrera Beutler
Jaime Herrera-Beutler
(born 1978)
Republican Washington's 3rd January 3, 2011 present
Rep. Noem
Kristi Noem
(born 1971)
Republican South Dakota's at-large January 3, 2011 January 3, 2019 Retired to run successfully for the 2018 South Dakota gubernatorial election
Rep. Roby
Martha Roby
(born 1976)
Republican Alabama's 2nd January 3, 2011 January 3, 2021 Retired
Rep. Sewell
Terri Sewell
(born 1965)
Democratic Alabama's 7th January 3, 2011 present
Rep. Wilson
Frederica Wilson
(born 1942)
Democratic Florida's 17th & 24th January 3, 2011 present
Rep. Hochul
Kathy Hochul
(born 1958)
Democratic New York's 26th June 1, 2011 January 3, 2013 Lost reelection[cm]
Rep. Hahn
Janice Hahn
(born 1952)
Democratic California's 36th & 44th July 12, 2011 December 4, 2016 Retired to run successfully for Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors
Rep. Bonamici
Suzanne Bonamici
(born 1954)
Democratic Oregon's 1st January 21, 2012 present
Rep. DelBene
Suzan DelBene
(born 1962)
Democratic Washington's 1st November 6, 2012 present

Female members whose service began between 2013 and present

Portrait Name
(lifespan)
Party District Term start Term end Reason(s) for leaving
Rep. Beatty
Joyce Beatty
(born 1950)
Democratic Ohio's 3rd January 3, 2013 Present
Rep. Brooks
Susan Brooks
(born 1960)
[cn]
Republican Indiana's 5th January 3, 2013 January 3, 2021 Retired
Rep. Brownley
Julia Brownley
(born 1952)
Democratic California's 26th January 3, 2013 Present
Rep. Bustos
Cheri Bustos
(born 1961)
Democratic Illinois's 17th January 3, 2013 Present
Rep. Duckworth
Tammy Duckworth
(born 1968)
[co]
Democratic Illinois's 8th January 3, 2013 January 3, 2017 Retired to run successfully for the 2016 United States Senate election in Illinois
Rep. Esty
Elizabeth Esty
(born 1959)
Democratic Connecticut's 5th January 3, 2013 January 3, 2019 Retired
Rep. Frankel
Lois Frankel
(born 1948)
Democratic Florida's 22nd & 21st January 3, 2013 Present
Rep. Gabbard
Tulsi Gabbard
(born 1981)
[cp]
Democratic Hawaii's 2nd January 3, 2013 January 3, 2021 Retired to run unsuccessfully in the Democratic primary for the 2020 United States presidential election
Rep. Lujan Grisham
Michelle Lujan-Grisham
(born 1959)
Democratic New Mexico's 1st January 3, 2013 December 31, 2018 Retired to run successfully for Governor of New Mexico
Rep. Kuster
Ann McLane-Kuster
(born 1956)
Democratic New Hampshire's 2nd January 3, 2013 Present
Rep. Meng
Grace Meng
(born 1975)
Democratic New York's 6th January 3, 2013 Present
Rep. Negrete McLeod
Gloria Negrete-McLeod
(born 1941)
Democratic California's 35th January 3, 2013 January 3, 2015 Retired to run unsuccessfully for San Bernardino County Board of Supervisors
Rep. Sinema
Kyrsten Sinema
(born 1976)
[cq]
Democratic Arizona's 9th January 3, 2013 January 3, 2019 Retired to run successfully for the 2018 United States Senate election in Arizona
Rep. Wagner
Ann Wagner
(born 1962)
[cr]
Republican Missouri's 2nd January 3, 2013 Present
Rep. Walorski
Jackie Walorski
(born 1963)
Republican Indiana's 2nd January 3, 2013 Present
Rep. Kelly
Robin Kelly
(born 1956)
Democratic Illinois's 2nd April 11, 2013 Present
Rep. Clark
Katherine Clark
(born 1963)
Democratic Massachusetts's 5th December 10, 2013 Present
Rep. Adams
Alma Adams
(born 1946)
Democratic North Carolina's 12th November 12, 2014 Present
Rep. Comstock
Barbara Comstock
(born 1959)
Republican Virginia's 10th January 3, 2015 January 3, 2019 Lost reelection
Rep. Dingell
Debbie Dingell
(born 1953)
[cs]
Democratic Michigan's 12th January 3, 2015 Present
Rep. Graham
Gwen Graham
(born 1963)
[ct]
Democratic Florida's 2nd January 3, 2015 January 3, 2017 Retired
Rep. Lawrence
Brenda Lawrence
(born 1954)
Democratic Michigan's 14th January 3, 2015 Present
Rep. Love
Mia Love
(born 1975)
[cu]
Republican Utah's 4th January 3, 2015 January 3, 2019 Lost reelection
Rep. McSally
Martha McSally
(born 1966)
Republican Arizona's 2nd January 3, 2015 January 3, 2019 Retired to run unsuccessfully for the 2018 United States Senate election in Arizona[cv]
Del. Plaskett
Stacey Plaskett
(born 1966)
Democratic U.S. Virgin Island's at-large January 3, 2015 Present
Del. Radewagen
Amata Radewagen
(born 1947)
[cw][32][33]
Republican American Samoa's at-large January 3, 2015 Present
Rep. Rice
Kathleen Rice
(born 1965)
Democratic New York's 4th January 3, 2015 Present
Rep. Stefanik
Elise Stefanik
(born 1984)
Republican New York's 21st January 3, 2015 Present
Rep. Torres
Norma Torres
(born 1965)
Democratic California's 35th January 3, 2015 Present
Rep. Walters
Mimi Walters
(born 1962)
Republican California's 45th January 3, 2015 January 3, 2019 Lost reelection
Rep. Watson-Coleman
Bonnie Watson-Coleman
(born 1945)
Democratic New Jersey's 12th January 3, 2015 Present
Rep. Barragán
Nanette Barragán
(born 1976)
Democratic California's 44th January 3, 2017 Present
Rep. Rochester
Lisa Blunt-Rochester
(born 1962)
Democratic Delaware at-large January 3, 2017 Present
Rep. Cheney
Liz Cheney
(born 1966)
[cx]
Republican Wyoming's at-large January 3, 2017 Present
Rep. Demings
Val Demings
(born 1957)
[cy]
Democratic Florida's 10th January 3, 2017 Present
Del. González
Jenniffer González
(born 1976)
[cz]
Republican Puerto Rico's at-large January 3, 2017 Present
Rep. Jayapal
Pramila Jayapal
(born 1965)
[da]
Democratic Washington's 7th January 3, 2017 Present
Rep. Murphy
Stephanie Murphy
(born 1978)
[db]
Democratic Florida's 7th January 3, 2017 Present
Rep. Rosen
Jacky Rosen
(born 1957)
Democratic Nevada's 3rd January 3, 2017 January 3, 2019 Retired to run successfully for the 2018 United States Senate election in Nevada
Rep. Tenney
Claudia Tenney
(born 1961)
Republican New York's 22nd January 3, 2017 January 3, 2019 Lost reelection
February 11, 2021[dc] Present
Rep. Handel
Karen Handel
(born 1962)
[dd]
Republican Georgia's 6th June 26, 2017 January 3, 2019 Lost reelection
Rep. Lesko
Debbie Lesko
(born 1958)
Republican Arizona's 8th May 7, 2018 Present
Rep. Scanlon
Mary Gay Scanlon
(born 1959)
Democratic Pennsylvania's 7th & 5th November 13, 2018 present
Rep. Wild
Susan Wild
(born 1957)
Democratic Pennsylvania's 15th & 7th November 27, 2018 present
Rep. Jones
Brenda Jones
(born 1959)
Democratic Michigan's 13th November 29, 2018 January 3, 2019 Term expired
Rep. Axne
Cindy Axne
(born 1965)
Democratic Iowa's 3rd January 3, 2019 Present
Rep. Craig
Angie Craig
(born 1972)
Democratic (DFL) Minnesota's 2nd January 3, 2019 Present
Rep. Davids
Sharice Davids
(born 1980)
[de]
Democratic Kansas's 3rd January 3, 2019 Present
Rep. Dean
Madeleine Dean
(born 1959)
Democratic Pennsylvania's 4th January 3, 2019 Present
Rep. Escobar
Veronica Escobar
(born 1969)
Democratic Texas's 16th January 3, 2019 Present
Rep. Finkenauer
Abby Finkenauer
(born 1988)
Democratic Iowa's 1st January 3, 2019 January 3, 2021 Lost reelection
Rep. Fletcher
Lizzie Fletcher
(born 1975)
Democratic Texas's 7th January 3, 2019 Present
Rep. Garcia
Sylvia Garcia
(born 1950)
Democratic Texas's 29th January 3, 2019 Present
Rep. Haaland
Deb Haaland
(born 1960)
[df]
Democratic New Mexico's 1st January 3, 2019 March 16, 2021 Resigned to become United States Secretary of the Interior
Rep. Hayes
Jahana Hayes
(born 1973)
Democratic Connecticut's 5th January 3, 2019 Present
Rep. Hill
Katie Hill
(born 1987)
Democratic California's 25th January 3, 2019 November 3, 2019 Resigned amid allegations of inappropriate sexual relationships[36]
Rep. Horn
Kendra Horn
(born 1976)
Democratic Oklahoma's 5th January 3, 2019 January 3, 2021 Lost reelection
Rep. Houlahan
Chrissy Houlahan
(born 1968)
Democratic Pennsylvania's 6th January 3, 2019 Present
Rep. Lee
Susie Lee
(born 1966)
Democratic Nevada's 3rd January 3, 2019 Present
Rep. Luria
Elaine Luria
(born 1975)
Democratic Virginia's 2nd January 3, 2019 Present
Rep. McBath
Lucy McBath
(born 1960)
Democratic Georgia's 6th January 3, 2019 Present
Rep. Miller
Carol Miller
(born 1950)
[dg]
Republican West Virginia's 3rd January 3, 2019 Present
Rep. Mucarsel-Powell
Debbie Mucarsel-Powell
(born 1971)
Democratic Florida's 26th January 3, 2019 January 3, 2021 Lost reelection
Rep. Ocasio-Cortez
Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez
(born 1989)
[dh]
Democratic New York's 14th January 3, 2019 Present
Rep. Omar
Ilhan Omar
(born 1981)
[di]
Democratic (DFL) Minnesota's 5th January 3, 2019 Present
Rep. Porter
Katie Porter
(born 1974)
Democratic California's 45th January 3, 2019 Present
Rep. Presley
Ayanna Pressley
(born 1974)
Democratic Massachusetts's 7th January 3, 2019 Present
Rep. Schrier
Kim Schrier
(born 1968)
Democratic Washington's 8th January 3, 2019 Present
Rep. Shalala
Donna Shalala
(born 1941)
[dj]
Democratic Florida's 27th January 3, 2019 January 3, 2021 Lost reelection
Rep. Sherrill
Mikie Sherrill
(born 1972)
Democratic New Jersey's 11th January 3, 2019 Present
Rep. Slotkin
Elissa Slotkin
(born 1976)
Democratic Michigan's 8th January 3, 2019 Present
Rep. Spanberger
Abigail Spanberger
(born 1979)
Democratic Virginia's 7th January 3, 2019 Present
Rep. Stevens
Haley Stevens
(born 1983)
Democratic Michigan's 11th January 3, 2019 Present
Rep. Tlaib
Rashida Tlaib
(born 1976)
[dk]
Democratic Michigan's 13th January 3, 2019 Present
Rep. Torres Small
Xochitl Torres Small
(born 1984)
Democratic New Mexico's 2nd January 3, 2019 January 3, 2021 Lost reelection
Rep. Trahan
Lori Trahan
(born 1973)
[dl]
Democratic Massachusetts's 3rd January 3, 2019 Present
Rep. Underwood
Lauren Underwood
(born 1986)
Democratic Illinois's 14th January 3, 2019 Present
Rep. Wexton
Jennifer Wexton
(born 1968)
Democratic Virginia's 10th January 3, 2019 Present
Rep. Bice
Stephanie Bice
(born 1973)
[dm]
Republican Oklahoma's 5th January 3, 2021 Present
Rep. Boebert
Lauren Boebert
(born 1986)
Republican Colorado's 3rd January 3, 2021 Present
Rep. Bourdeaux
Carolyn Bourdeaux
(born 1970)
Democratic Georgia's 7th January 3, 2021 Present
Rep. Bush
Cori Bush
(born 1974)
Democratic Missouri's 1st January 3, 2021 Present
Rep. Cammack
Kat Cammack
(born 1988)
Republican Florida's 3rd January 3, 2021 Present
Rep. Fischbach
Michelle Fischbach
(born 1965)
[dn]
Republican Minnesota's 7th January 3, 2021 Present
Rep. Greene
Marjorie Taylor Greene
(born 1974)
Republican Georgia's 14th January 3, 2021 Present
Rep. Harshbarger
Diana Harshbarger
(born 1960)
Republican Tennessee's 1st January 3, 2021 Present
Rep. Herrell
Yvette Herrell
(born 1964)
[do]
Republican New Mexico's 2nd January 3, 2021 Present
Rep. Hinson
Ashley Hinson
(born 1983)
Republican Iowa's 1st January 3, 2021 Present
Rep. Jacobs
Sara Jacobs
(born 1989)
Democratic California's 53rd January 3, 2021 Present
Rep. Kim
Young Kim
(born 1962)
[dp]
Republican California's 39th January 3, 2021 Present
Rep. Leger Fernandez
Teresa Leger Fernandez
(born 1959)
Democratic New Mexico's 3rd January 3, 2021 Present
Rep. Mace
Nancy Mace
(born 1977)
[dq]
Republican South Carolina's 1st January 3, 2021 Present
Rep. Malliotakis
Nicole Malliotakis
(born 1980)
Republican New York's 11th January 3, 2021 Present
Rep. Manning
Kathy Manning
(born 1956)
Democratic North Carolina's 6th January 3, 2021 Present
Rep. McClain
Lisa McClain
(born 1966)
Republican Michigan's 10th January 3, 2021 Present
Rep. Miller
Mary Miller
(born 1959)
Republican Illinois's 15th January 3, 2021 Present
Rep. Miller-Meeks
Mariannette Miller-Meeks
(born 1955)
Republican Iowa's 2nd January 3, 2021 Present
Rep. Newman
Marie Newman
(born 1964)
Democratic Illinois's 3rd January 3, 2021 Present
Rep. Ross
Deborah Ross
(born 1963)
Democratic North Carolina's 2nd January 3, 2021 Present
Rep. Salazar
Maria Elvira Salazar
(born 1961)
Republican Florida's 27th January 3, 2021 Present
Rep. Spartz
Victoria Spartz
(born 1978)
[dr]
Republican Indiana's 5th January 3, 2021 Present
Rep. Steel
Michelle Steel
(born 1955)
[dp]
Republican California's 48th January 3, 2021 Present
Rep. Strickland
Marilyn Strickland
(born 1962)
[dp][ds]
Democratic Washington's 10th January 3, 2021 Present
Rep. Van Duyne
Beth Van Duyne
(born 1970)
Republican Texas's 24th January 3, 2021 Present
Rep. Williams
Nikema Williams
(born 1978)
Democratic Georgia's 5th January 3, 2021 Present
Julia Letlow 117th (cropped).jpg
Julia Letlow
(born 1981)
Republican Louisiana's 5th April 14, 2021 Present
Melanie Stansbury 117th Congress (cropped).jpg
Melanie Stansbury
(born 1979)
Democratic New Mexico's 1st June 14, 2021 Present

Current female members

Image Name
(lifespan)
Party District Term start Term end Expected departure
Rep. Kaptur
Marcy Kaptur
(born 1946)
Democratic Ohio's 9th January 3, 1983 Present
Rep. Pelosi
Nancy Pelosi
(born 1940)
Democratic California's 12th[dt] June 2, 1987 Present
Rep. DeLauro
Rosa DeLauro
(born 1943)
Democratic Connecticut's 3rd January 3, 1991 Present
Del. Holmes-Norton
Eleanor Holmes-Norton
(born 1937)
Democratic DC at-large January 3, 1991 Present
Rep. Waters
Maxine Waters
(born 1938)
Democratic California's 43rd[du] January 3, 1991 Present
Rep. Eshoo
Anna Eshoo
(born 1942)
Democratic California's 18th[dv] January 3, 1993 Present
Rep. Johnson
Eddie Johnson
(born 1936)
Democratic Texas's 30th January 3, 1993 Present
Rep. Maloney
Carolyn Maloney
(born 1946)
Democratic New York's 12th[dw] January 3, 1993 Present
Rep. Roybal-Allard
Lucille Roybal-Allard
(born 1941)
Democratic California's 40th[dx] January 3, 1993 Present
Rep. Velázquez
Nydia Velázquez
(born 1953)
Democratic New York's 7th[dy] January 3, 1993 Present
Rep. Jackson-Lee
Sheila Jackson-Lee
(born 1950)
Democratic Texas's 18th January 3, 1995 Present
Rep. Lofgren
Zoe Lofgren
(born 1947)
Democratic California's 19th[dz] January 3, 1995 Present
Rep. DeGette
Diana DeGette
(born 1957)
Democratic Colorado's 1st January 3, 1997 Present
Rep. Granger
Kay Granger
(born 1943)
Republican Texas's 12th January 3, 1997 Present
Rep. Lee
Barbara Lee
(born 1946)
Democratic California's 13th[ea] April 7, 1998 Present
Rep. Napolitano
Grace Napolitano
(born 1936)
Democratic California's 32nd[eb] January 3, 1999 Present
Rep. Schakowsky
Jan Schakowsky
(born 1944)
Democratic Illinois's 9th January 3, 1999 Present
Rep. McCollum
Betty McCollum
(born 1954)
Democratic (DFL) Minnesota's 4th January 3, 2001 Present
Rep. Sánchez
Linda Sánchez
(born 1969)
Democratic California's 38th[ec] January 3, 2003 Present
Rep. Foxx
Virginia Foxx
(born 1944)
Republican North Carolina's 5th January 3, 2005 Present
Rep. McMorris Rodgers
Cathy McMorris-Rodgers
(born 1969)
Republican Washington's 5th January 3, 2005 Presnt
Rep. Moore
Gwen Moore
(born 1951)
Democratic Wisconsin's 4th January 3, 2005 Present
Rep. Wasserman-Schultz
Debbie Wasserman-Schultz
(born 1966)
Democratic Florida's 23rd[ed] January 3, 2005 Present
Rep. Matsui
Doris Matsui
(born 1944)
Democratic California's 6th[ee] March 3, 2005 Present
Rep. Castor
Kathy Castor
(born 1966)
Democratic Florida's 14th[ef] January 3, 2007 Present
Rep. Clarke
Yvette Clarke
(born 1964)
Democratic New York's 9th[eg] January 3, 2007 Present
Rep. Speier
Jackie Speier
(born 1950)
Democratic California's 14th[eh] April 8, 2008 Present
Rep. Pingree
Chellie Pingree
(born 1955)
Democratic Maine's 1st January 3, 2009 Present
Rep. Chu
Judy Chu
(born 1953)
Democratic California's 27th[ei] June 19, 2009 Present
Rep. Bass
Karen Bass
(born 1953)
Democratic California's 37th[ej] January 3, 2011 Present
Rep. Hartzler
Vicky Hartzler
(born 1960)
Republican Missouri's 4th January 3, 2011 Present
Rep. Herrera Beutler
Jaime Herrera-Beutler
(born 1978)
Republican Washington's 3rd January 3, 2011 Present
Rep. Sewell
Terri Sewell
(born 1965)
Democratic Alabama's 7th January 3, 2011 Present
Rep. Wilson
Frederica Wilson
(born 1942)
Democratic Florida's 24th[ek] January 3, 2011 Present
Rep. Bonamici
Suzanne Bonamici
(born 1954)
Democratic Oregon's 1st January 21, 2012 Present
Rep. DelBene
Suzan DelBene
(born 1962)
Democratic Washington's 1st November 6, 2012 Present
Rep. Beatty
Joyce Beatty
(born 1950)
Democratic Ohio's 3rd January 3, 2013 present
Rep. Brownley
Julia Brownley
(born 1952)
Democratic California's 26th January 3, 2013 Present
Rep. Bustos
Cheri Bustos
(born 1961)
Democratic Illinois's 17th January 3, 2013 Present
Rep. Frankel
Lois Frankel
(born 1948)
Democratic Florida's 21st[el] January 3, 2013 Present
Rep. Kuster
Ann McLane-Kuster
(born 1956)
Democratic New Hampshire's 2nd January 3, 2013 Present
Rep. Meng
Grace Meng
(born 1975)
Democratic New York's 6th January 3, 2013 Present
Rep. Titus
Dina Titus
(born 1950)
[em]
Democratic Nevada's 1st January 3, 2013 Present
Rep. Wagner
Ann Wagner
(born 1962)
Republican Missouri's 2nd January 3, 2013 Present
Rep. Walorski
Jackie Walorski
(born 1963)
Republican Indiana's 2nd January 3, 2013 Present
Rep. Kelly
Robin Kelly
(born 1956)
Democratic Illinois's 2nd April 11, 2013 Present
Rep. Clark
Katherine Clark
(born 1963)
Democratic Massachusetts's 5th December 10, 2013 Present
Rep. Adams
Alma Adams
(born 1946)
Democratic North Carolina's 12th November 12, 2014 Present
Rep. Dingell
Debbie Dingell
(born 1953)
Democratic Michigan's 12th January 3, 2015 Present
Rep. Lawrence
Brenda Lawrence
(born 1954)
Democratic Michigan's 14th January 3, 2015 Present
Del. Plaskett
Stacey Plaskett
(born 1966)
Democratic U.S. Virgin Island's at-large January 3, 2015 Present
Del. Radewagen
Amata Radewagen
(born 1947)
Republican American Samoa's at-large January 3, 2015 Present
Rep. Rice
Kathleen Rice
(born 1965)
Democratic New York's 4th January 3, 2015 Present
Rep. Stefanik
Elise Stefanik
(born 1984)
Republican New York's 21st January 3, 2015 Present
Rep. Torres
Norma Torres
(born 1965)
Democratic California's 35th January 3, 2015 Present
Rep. Watson-Coleman
Bonnie Watson-Coleman
(born 1945)
Democratic New Jersey's 12th January 3, 2015 Present
Rep. Barragán
Nanette Barragán
(born 1976)
Democratic California's 44th January 3, 2017 Present
Rep. Rochester
Lisa Blunt-Rochester
(born 1962)
Democratic Delaware at-large January 3, 2017 Present
Rep. Cheney
Liz Cheney
(born 1966)
Republican Wyoming's at-large January 3, 2017 Present
Rep. Demings
Val Demings
(born 1957)
Democratic Florida's 10th January 3, 2017 Present
Del. González
Jenniffer González
(born 1976)
Republican Puerto Rico's at-large January 3, 2017 Present
Rep. Jayapal
Pramila Jayapal
(born 1965)
Democratic Washington's 7th January 3, 2017 Present
Rep. Murphy
Stephanie Murphy
(born 1978)
Democratic Florida's 7th January 3, 2017 Present
Rep. Lesko
Debbie Lesko
(born 1958)
Republican Arizona's 8th May 7, 2018 Present
Rep. Scanlon
Mary Gay Scanlon
(born 1959)
Democratic Pennsylvania's 5th[en] November 27, 2018 Present
Rep. Wild
Susan Wild
(born 1957)
Democratic Pennsylvania's 7th[eo] November 27, 2018 Present
Rep. Axne
Cindy Axne
(born 1965)
Democratic Iowa's 3rd January 3, 2019 Present
Rep. Craig
Angie Craig
(born 1972)
Democratic (DFL) Minnesota's 2nd January 3, 2019 Present
Rep. Davids
Sharice Davids
(born 1980)
Democratic Kansas's 3rd January 3, 2019 Present
Rep. Dean
Madeleine Dean
(born 1959)
Democratic Pennsylvania's 4th January 3, 2019 Present
Rep. Escobar
Veronica Escobar
(born 1969)
Democratic Texas's 16th January 3, 2019 Present
Rep. Fletcher
Lizzie Fletcher
(born 1975)
Democratic Texas's 7th January 3, 2019 Present
Rep. Garcia
Sylvia Garcia
(born 1950)
Democratic Texas's 29th January 3, 2019 Present
Rep. Hayes
Jahana Hayes
(born 1973)
Democratic Connecticut's 5th January 3, 2019 Present
Rep. Houlahan
Chrissy Houlahan
(born 1968)
Democratic Pennsylvania's 6th January 3, 2019 Present
Rep. Kirkpatrick
Ann Kirkpatrick
(born 1950)
[ep]
Democratic Arizona's 2nd January 3, 2019 Present
Rep. Lee
Susie Lee
(born 1966)
Democratic Nevada's 3rd January 3, 2019 Present
Rep. Luria
Elaine Luria
(born 1975)
Democratic Virginia's 2nd January 3, 2019 Present
Rep. McBath
Lucy McBath
(born 1960)
Democratic Georgia's 6th January 3, 2019 Present
Rep. C. Miller
Carol Miller
(born 1950)
Republican West Virginia's 3rd January 3, 2019 Present
Rep. Ocasio-Cortez
Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez
(born 1989)
Democratic New York's 14th January 3, 2019 Present
Rep. Omar
Ilhan Omar
(born 1981)
Democratic (DFL) Minnesota's 5th January 3, 2019 Present
Rep. Porter
Katie Porter
(born 1974)
Democratic California's 45th January 3, 2019 Present
Rep. Presley
Ayanna Pressley
(born 1974)
Democratic Massachusetts's 7th January 3, 2019 Present
Rep. Schrier
Kim Schrier
(born 1968)
Democratic Washington's 8th January 3, 2019 Present
Rep. Sherrill
Mikie Sherrill
(born 1972)
Democratic New Jersey's 11th January 3, 2019 Present
Rep. Slotkin
Elissa Slotkin
(born 1976)
Democratic Michigan's 8th January 3, 2019 Present
Rep. Spanberger
Abigail Spanberger
(born 1979)
Democratic Virginia's 7th January 3, 2019 Present
Rep. Stevens
Haley Stevens
(born 1983)
Democratic Michigan's 11th January 3, 2019 Present
Rep. Tlaib
Rashida Tlaib
(born 1976)
Democratic Michigan's 13th January 3, 2019 Present
Rep. Trahan
Lori Trahan
(born 1973)
Democratic Massachusetts's 3rd January 3, 2019 Present
Rep. Underwood
Lauren Underwood
(born 1986)
Democratic Illinois's 14th January 3, 2019 Present
Rep. Wexton
Jennifer Wexton
(born 1968)
Democratic Virginia's 10th January 3, 2019 Present
Rep. Bice
Stephanie Bice
(born 1973)
Republican Oklahoma's 5th January 3, 2021 Present
Rep. Boebert
Lauren Boebert
(born 1986)
Republican Colorado's 3rd January 3, 2021 Present
Rep. Bourdeaux
Carolyn Bourdeaux
(born 1970)
Democratic Georgia's 7th January 3, 2021 Present
Rep. Bush
Cori Bush
(born 1974)
Democratic Missouri's 1st January 3, 2021 Present
Rep. Cammack
Kat Cammack
(born 1988)
Republican Florida's 3rd January 3, 2021 Present
Rep. Fischbach
Michelle Fischbach
(born 1965)
Republican Minnesota's 7th January 3, 2021 Present
Rep. Greene
Marjorie Taylor Greene
(born 1974)
Republican Georgia's 14th January 3, 2021 Present
Rep. Harshbarger
Diana Harshbarger
(born 1960)
Republican Tennessee's 1st January 3, 2021 Present
Rep. Herrell
Yvette Herrell
(born 1964)
Republican New Mexico's 2nd January 3, 2021 Present
Rep. Hinson
Ashley Hinson
(born 1983)
Republican Iowa's 1st January 3, 2021 Present
Rep. Jacobs
Sara Jacobs
(born 1989)
Democratic California's 53rd January 3, 2021 Present
Rep. Kim
Young Kim
(born 1962)
Republican California's 39th January 3, 2021 Present
Rep. Leger Fernandez
Teresa Leger Fernandez
(born 1959)
Democratic New Mexico's 3rd January 3, 2021 Present
Rep. Mace
Nancy Mace
(born 1977)
Republican South Carolina's 1st January 3, 2021 Present
Rep. Malliotakis
Nicole Malliotakis
(born 1980)
Republican New York's 11th January 3, 2021 Present
Rep. Manning
Kathy Manning
(born 1956)
Democratic North Carolina's 6th January 3, 2021 Present
Rep. McClain
Lisa McClain
(born 1966)
Republican Michigan's 10th January 3, 2021 Present
Rep. M. Miller
Mary Miller
(born 1959)
Republican Illinois's 15th January 3, 2021 Present
Rep. Miller-Meeks
Mariannette Miller-Meeks
(born 1955)
Republican Iowa's 2nd January 3, 2021 Present
Rep. Newman
Marie Newman
(born 1964)
Democratic Illinois's 3rd January 3, 2021 Present
Rep. Ross
Deborah Ross
(born 1963)
Democratic North Carolina's 2nd January 3, 2021 Present
Rep. Salazar
Maria Elvira Salazar
(born 1961)
Republican Florida's 27th January 3, 2021 Present
Rep. Spartz
Victoria Spartz
(born 1978)
Republican Indiana's 5th January 3, 2021 Present
Rep. Steel
Michelle Steel
(born 1955)
Republican California's 48th January 3, 2021 Present
Rep. Strickland
Marilyn Strickland
(born 1962)
Democratic Washington's 10th January 3, 2021 Present
Rep. Van Duyne
Beth Van Duyne
(born 1970)
Republican Texas's 24th January 3, 2021 Present
Rep. Williams
Nikema Williams
(born 1978)
Democratic Georgia's 5th January 3, 2021 Present
Rep. Tenney
Claudia Tenney
(born 1961)
[eq]
Republican New York's 22nd February 11, 2021 Present
Julia Letlow 117th (cropped).jpg
Julia Letlow
(born 1981)
Republican Louisiana's 5th April 14, 2021 Present
Melanie Stansbury 117th Congress (cropped).jpg
Melanie Stansbury
(born 1979)
Democratic New Mexico's 1st June 14, 2021 Present

Pregnancies

There have been eleven female members of the House of Representatives who were pregnant and gave birth at least once during their tenure (two members three times).[37]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Farrington represented the Territory of Hawaii as a non-voting delegate; the State of Hawaii's first female Representative was Patsy Mink in 1965.
  2. ^ First woman elected to a national office
    Voted against declaration of war against Germany in 1917
    Only member of Congress to vote against declaration of war against Japan in 1941
  3. ^ First woman to defeat an incumbent congressman and to preside over the House
  4. ^ First woman incumbent defeated in a primary
    First woman to win a special election
    Succeeded her father in a special election
  5. ^ Succeeded her husband
    First Catholic woman to serve in Congress
  6. ^ First woman to be reelected
    First Jewish woman elected
    Succeeded her husband
  7. ^ First Democratic woman elected
  8. ^ Succeeded her husband
  9. ^ Served in the same seat as her husband (though she did not immediately succeed him)
    Daughter of James M. Gudger Jr.
  10. ^ Succeeded her husband
  11. ^ Daughter of Mark Hanna
  12. ^ Daughter of William Jennings Bryan
  13. ^ Later became United States Ambassador to Denmark
  14. ^ Succeeded her husband
  15. ^ Succeeded her husband
  16. ^ Succeeded her husband
  17. ^ Succeeded her husband
  18. ^ Succeeded her husband
  19. ^ Succeeded her husband
  20. ^ Succeeded her husband
  21. ^ Succeeded her husband
  22. ^ Succeeded her husband
  23. ^ Succeeded her husband
  24. ^ Later became United States Ambassador to Italy and United States Ambassador to Brazil
  25. ^ Succeeded her husband
  26. ^ First woman born outside of the United States to be elected
  27. ^ Succeeded her husband
  28. ^ Succeeded her husband
  29. ^ Succeeded her husband
  30. ^ First woman territorial delegate
    Succeeded her husband
  31. ^ Only female member to sign the Southern Manifesto
  32. ^ Later became Lieutenant Governor of Michigan
  33. ^ Succeeded her husband
  34. ^ Later became Treasurer of the United States
  35. ^ Succeeded her husband
  36. ^ Succeeded her husband
  37. ^ Succeeded her husband
    Daughter of Guy D. Goff
  38. ^ Succeeded her husband
    Formerly oldest woman elected to Congress (at age 68)
  39. ^ a b Succeeded her husband as nominee before election
  40. ^ Succeeded her husband
  41. ^ First Japanese American woman elected
  42. ^ Later became Assistant Secretary of State for Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs
  43. ^ Succeeded her husband
  44. ^ Later became United States Secretary of Health and Human Services and United States Ambassador to Ireland
  45. ^ First African-American woman elected
    First African-American woman to run for major party's presidential nomination
  46. ^ a b Previously served as Connecticut Secretary of State
  47. ^ Succeeded her husband
  48. ^ Succeeded her husband
  49. ^ Later became United States Ambassador to the Holy See
  50. ^ Succeeded her husband
  51. ^ Daughter of Ogden H. Hammond
  52. ^ Later became United States Ambassador to the United Nations Agencies for Food and Agriculture
  53. ^ Succeeded her husband
  54. ^ First Arab (Lebanese and Syrian) American woman elected
  55. ^ Succeeded her husband
  56. ^ Later became United States Ambassador to the United Nations Commission on Human Rights
  57. ^ Later became United States Secretary of Labor
  58. ^ Succeeded her husband
  59. ^ First Hispanic woman elected
  60. ^ Succeeded her husband
  61. ^ Succeeded her husband
  62. ^ Later became United States Ambassador to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
  63. ^ Daughter of Olin D. Johnston
  64. ^ Later became Administrator of the Small Business Administration
  65. ^ First woman Speaker of the United States House of Representatives
    First woman party leader
    Daughter of Thomas D'Alesandro Jr.
  66. ^ Daughter of Guy Molinari
  67. ^ Later ran successfully for the 2000 United States Senate election in Washington
  68. ^ Later ran successfully for the 1998 United States Senate election in Arkansas
  69. ^ Ran for President of the United States as the nominee of the Green Party for the 2008 United States presidential election
  70. ^ Daughter of Edward R. Roybal
  71. ^ First woman (re)elected to Congress as an independent candidate
    Succeeded her husband
  72. ^ Grandmother of André Carson
  73. ^ Sister of Linda Sánchez
  74. ^ Succeeded her husband
  75. ^ Succeeded her husband
  76. ^ Later became Secretary of the Air Force
  77. ^ First openly lesbian member
  78. ^ Previously served as United States Ambassador to Micronesia
  79. ^ Previously served as Lieutenant Governor of Guam
  80. ^ Previously served as Florida Secretary of State
  81. ^ Previously served as Michigan Secretary of State
  82. ^ Sister of Loretta Sanchez
  83. ^ Succeeded her husband
  84. ^ Previously served as Lieutenant Governor of Oklahoma
  85. ^ Later ran successfully for the 2010 United States Senate special election in New York
  86. ^ Served in the same seat as her husband (but she did not immediately succeed him)
  87. ^ Previously served as Kansas Treasurer
  88. ^ Previously served as Wyoming Treasurer
  89. ^ Later ran successfully for the 2020 United States Senate election in Wyoming
  90. ^ First Chinese American woman elected
  91. ^ Later became Lieutenant Governor, then Governor of New York
  92. ^ Previously served as United States Attorney for the Southern District of Indiana
  93. ^ First Amerasian or Eurasian woman elected
    Previously served as Assistant Secretary of Veterans Affairs for Public and Intergovernmental Affairs
  94. ^ First Hindu elected to Congress
  95. ^ First openly bisexual woman elected
  96. ^ Previously served as United States Ambassador to Luxembourg
  97. ^ First woman to succeed her husband while he was still alive
    Succeeded her husband
  98. ^ Daughter of Bob Graham
  99. ^ First African-American Republican woman elected to Congress
  100. ^ Later appointed to the United States Senate
  101. ^ First woman to represent American Samoa in the U.S. Congress
    Daughter of Peter Tali Coleman
  102. ^ Daughter of Dick Cheney
  103. ^ Wife of Jerry Demings
  104. ^ First woman to represent Puerto Rico in the U.S. Congress.[34]
  105. ^ First Indian American woman elected
  106. ^ First Vietnamese American woman elected
  107. ^ Tenney won the November 2020 election in New York's 22nd congressional district, but certification was delayed due to the closeness of the race and vote-counting issues. She was certified as the winner on February 8, 2021, and she was seated in the 117th Congress on the 11th[35]
  108. ^ Previously served as Georgia Secretary of State
  109. ^ One of the first two Native American women (alongside Deb Haaland) elected to Congress
    First LGBTQ Native American elected
  110. ^ One of the first two Native American women (alongside Sharice Davids) elected to Congress
    First female Native Catholic elected
  111. ^ Daughter of Samuel L. Devine
  112. ^ Youngest woman elected to Congress (at age 29)
  113. ^ One of the first two Muslim women (alongside Rashida Tlaib) and first Somali American elected to Congress
  114. ^ Oldest woman elected to Congress (at age 77)
    Previously served as United States Secretary of Health and Human Services
  115. ^ One of the first two Muslim women (alongside Ilhan Omar) and the first Palestinian American woman elected to Congress
  116. ^ First Portuguese American woman elected
  117. ^ First Iranian American elected to Congress
  118. ^ Previously served as Lieutenant Governor of Minnesota
  119. ^ First Cherokee woman and first Native American female Republican elected to Congress
  120. ^ a b c One of the first Korean American women elected to Congress
  121. ^ First woman to graduate from The Citadel, in 1999
  122. ^ First woman born in the former Soviet Union or Eastern Bloc elected to Congress
  123. ^ First Afro-Asian American woman elected
  124. ^ District previously numbered California's 5th congressional district and California's 8th congressional district
  125. ^ District previously numbered California's 29th congressional district and California's 35th congressional district
  126. ^ District previously numbered California's 14th congressional district
  127. ^ District previously numbered New York's 14th congressional district
  128. ^ District previously numbered California's 33rd congressional district and California's 34th congressional district
  129. ^ District previously numbered New York's 12th congressional district
  130. ^ District previously numbered California's 16th congressional district
  131. ^ District previously numbered California's 9th congressional district
  132. ^ District previously numbered California's 34th congressional district and California's 38th congressional district
  133. ^ District previously numbered California's 39th congressional district
  134. ^ District previously numbered Florida's 20th congressional district
  135. ^ District previously numbered California's 5th congressional district
  136. ^ District previously numbered Florida's 11th congressional district
  137. ^ District previously numbered New York's 11th congressional district
  138. ^ District previously numbered California's 12th congressional district
  139. ^ District previously numbered California's 32nd congressional district
  140. ^ District previously numbered California's 33rd congressional district
  141. ^ District previously numbered Florida's 17th congressional district
  142. ^ District previously numbered Florida's 22nd congressional district
  143. ^ Previously served as Representative from Nevada's 3rd congressional district from January 3, 2009 to January 3, 2011
  144. ^ District previously numbered Pennsylvania's 7th congressional district
  145. ^ District previously numbered Pennsylvania's 15th congressional district
  146. ^ Previously served as Representative from Arizona's 1st congressional district from January 3, 2009 to January 3, 2011 and from January 3, 2013 to January 3, 2017
  147. ^ Previously served as Representative from New York's 22nd congressional district from January 3, 2017 to January 3, 2019

References

  1. ^ "Women Serving in the 117th Congress 2021-22". Center for American Women in Politics. Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey.
  2. ^ "RANKIN, Jeannette". History, Art & Archives. U.S. House of Representatives.
  3. ^ "'I'm No Lady, I'm a Member of Congress': Women Pioneers on Capitol Hill, 1917–1934" (PDF). Women in Congress 1917–2006. U.S. Government Printing Office. 2006. pp. 24–25.
  4. ^ "Clare Boothe Luce Becomes a Catholic". The New York Times. February 17, 1946. p. 1. Also published in New York Daily News on the same day.
  5. ^ "Florence Prag Kahn". Jewish Virtual Library.
  6. ^ Mariotti, Renato (November 26, 2013). "Rep. Vera Buchanan dies in office, Nov. 26, 1955". Politico. Retrieved April 12, 2018.
  7. ^ "Women's History Month: Patsy Mink". August House Publishers. February 23, 2018.
  8. ^ "New Patterns". History, Art & Archives. U.S. House of Representatives.
  9. ^ "Update: First woman to wear pants on House floor, Rep. Charlotte Reid". The Washington Post. December 21, 2011.
  10. ^ "CHISHOLM, Shirley Anita". History, Art & Archives. U.S. House of Representatives.
  11. ^ "Women in Government: A Slim Past, But a Strong Future". Ebony: 89–92, 96–98. August 1977.
  12. ^ "BURKE, Yvonne Brathwaite". History, Art & Archives. U.S. House of Representatives. Retrieved May 4, 2016.
  13. ^ Michelle Cottle, ed. (April 19, 2018). "Congress Can't Give Up Tradition". The Atlantic. Retrieved April 27, 2018.
  14. ^ Official Manual State of Missouri 2001–2002. Missouri: Office of the Secretary of State. p. 117.
  15. ^ "Tommy vs. Tammy rages on: Senate race down to the wire". Reedsburg Times-Press. The Associated Press. October 27, 2012.
  16. ^ Jon M. Shepard (January 1, 2012). Cengage Advantage Books: Sociology. Cengage Learning. pp. 293–. ISBN 978-1-133-71002-8.
  17. ^ Blumberg, Antonia (March 7, 2018). "Nancy Pelosi Donates Historic Speaker's Gavel To The Smithsonian For Women's History Month". Huffington Post.
  18. ^ "Women in U.S. House get new restroom near chamber". USA Today. July 21, 2011.
  19. ^ "Hindu-American Tulsi Gabbard wins Democratic primary in Hawaii". The Economic Times. August 12, 2012.
  20. ^ Stephen Prothero (January 3, 2013). "Column: A Hindu moment for Congress". USA Today. Retrieved April 27, 2018.
  21. ^ "Democrat Kyrsten Sinema beats GOP's Vernon Parker in Arizona's 9th Congressional District". Star Tribune. Associated Press. November 12, 2012. Archived from the original on November 16, 2012.
  22. ^ Edmondson, Catie; Lee, Jasmine C. (November 28, 2018). "Meet the New Freshmen in Congress". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 11, 2019.
  23. ^ Hess, Abigail Johnson (November 7, 2018). "29-year-old Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez makes history as the youngest woman ever elected to Congress". CNBC. Retrieved January 19, 2021.
  24. ^ "PAAIA Celebrates Historic Election for Iranian Americans". Public Affairs Alliance of Iranian Americans. November 4, 2020. Retrieved November 7, 2020.
  25. ^ D'Ammassa, Algernon (November 4, 2020). "Give 'em Herrell: New Mexico's 2nd congressional district back in Republican hands". Las Cruces Sun-News. Retrieved January 23, 2021.
  26. ^ "Making history: Three Korean American women, two representing California, win seats in Congress". Los Angeles Times. November 15, 2020. Retrieved January 23, 2021.
  27. ^ "Marilyn Strickland's Black, Korean American roots are 1st for Congress". NBC News. Associated Press. November 7, 2020. Retrieved February 1, 2021.
  28. ^ Rachael Dottle, Ella Koeze and Julia Wolfe (November 13, 2018). "The 2018 Midterms, In 4 Charts". FiveThirtyEight.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  29. ^ Women candidates for Congress 1974 - 2018. Center for American Women and Politics. There are separate columns for House and Senate numbers by election. Party and seat summary for major party nominees.
  30. ^ Manning, Jennifer E.; Brudnick, Ida A. (September 23, 2020). Women in Congress, 1917-2020: Service Dates and Committee Assignments by Member, and Lists by State and Congress (PDF). Washington, D.C.: Congressional Research Service. Retrieved November 24, 2020.
  31. ^ "The U.S. Made Zero Progress in Adding Women to Congress". Fortune. November 10, 2016.
  32. ^ Gay, Roxane (2019). The Women of the 116th Congress: Portraits of Power. The New York Times. Page 28. Abrams. ISBN 9781683357810.
  33. ^ Kowalewski, Albin (2018). Asian and Pacific Islander Americans in Congress, 1900-2017. Government Printing Office. Page 558. ISBN 9780160940408.
  34. ^ "Jenniffer Gonzalez, Resident Commissioner for Puerto Rico – Puerto Rico 51st". November 30, 2016. Retrieved November 2, 2019.
  35. ^ Cohen, Ethan (February 8, 2021). "New York certifies Claudia Tenney's victory in last unresolved House race of 2020". CNN. Retrieved February 10, 2021.
  36. ^ LeBlanc, Paul (October 27, 2019). "Rep. Katie Hill announces resignation amid allegations of improper relationships with staffers". CNN. Retrieved October 27, 2019.
  37. ^ Akers, Mary Ann (November 20, 2008). "Rep. Linda Sanchez Expecting a Baby". The Washington Post.
  38. ^ Foster, David (November 19, 1995). "Ambitious Couple Thrived on Passion for Politics, Each Other : Congress: Enid Greene and Joe Waldholtz seemed born for each other. But his lies over money sabotaged fairy tale, perhaps her career". Los Angeles Times. Associated Press.
  39. ^ "Susan Molinari". U.S. House of Representatives.
  40. ^ Geranios, Nicholas K. (April 21, 2007). "Baby in the House: Pregnant congresswoman due to give birth next month". San Diego Union Tribune. Associated Press.
  41. ^ "It's A Boy". The Spokesman-Review. April 30, 2007.
  42. ^ "Son Born to New York Congresswoman". The New York Times. Associated Press. May 16, 2008.
  43. ^ Woster, Kevin (December 16, 2008). "Something we can all agree on: Congratulations!". Rapid City Journal.
  44. ^ Akers, Mary Ann (May 13, 2009). "New Mama in the House: Linda Sanchez". The Washington Post.
  45. ^ Barone, Michael; Chuck McCutcheon (2011). "Washington/Fifth District". The Almanac of American Politics (2012 ed.). University of Chicago Press, National Journal Group, Inc. pp. 1716–1718. ISBN 978-0-226-03808-7.
  46. ^ "Republican Rep. Jaime Herrera Beutler celebrates 'miracle' baby girl born with Potter's sequence". New York Daily News. July 29, 2013.
  47. ^ Korte, Gregory (November 25, 2013). "Rep sets congressional record -- mom x 3". USA Today. Retrieved November 23, 2014.
  48. ^ Skiba, Katherine (November 20, 2014). "Rep. Tammy Duckworth gives birth to daughter". Chicago Tribune.
  49. ^ Dake, Lauren (May 19, 2016). "Herrera Beutler gives birth to baby boy". The Columbian. Retrieved December 28, 2018.
  50. ^ Hair, Calley (May 23, 2019). "Herrera Beutler gives birth to girl". The Columbian. Retrieved July 14, 2019.
  51. ^ KURTZ, JUDY (Aug 30, 2021). "Stefanik welcomes 'healthy baby boy'". The Hill. Retrieved August 30, 2021.

External links