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Women in the United States House of Representatives

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Women have served in the United States House of Representatives since the 1917 entrance of Jeannette Rankin from Montana, a member of the Republican Party. Over 300 (325) women have since served as U.S. Representatives. As of January 2019, there are 102 women in the U.S. House of Representatives (not counting four female territorial delegates), making women 23.4% of the total of U.S. Representatives.[1] Of the 325 women in the US House 222 have been Democrats (4 from US Territories) and 103 have been Republicans (2 from US Territories).

Women have been elected to the U.S. House of Representatives from 46 of the 50 states. The states that have not elected a woman to the U.S. House of Representatives are Alaska, Mississippi, North Dakota and Vermont—though Alaska, Mississippi and North Dakota have elected women to the United States Senate. Women have also been sent to congress from 5 of the 6 territories of the United States; the only Territory that has not sent a woman to the U.S. House of Representatives is the Northern Mariana Islands. California has elected more women to Congress than any other state, with 41 U.S. Representatives elected since 1923. To date, no woman has ever been elected from more than one state at different times, switched parties, or served as a third-party member in her career (though one was elected as an Independent).

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  • ✪ Congressional Elections: Crash Course Government and Politics #6

Transcription

Hi, I'm Craig and this is Crash Course Government and Politics, and today we're going to talk about what is, if you ask the general public, the most important part of politics: elections. If you ask me, it's hair styles. Look at Martin Van Buren's sideburns, how could he not be elected? Americans are kind of obsessed with elections, I mean when this was being recorded in early 2015, television, news and the internet were already talking about who would be Democrat and Republican candidates for president in 2016. And many of the candidates have unofficially been campaigning for years. I've been campaigning; your grandma's been campaigning. Presidential elections are exciting and you can gamble on them. Is that legal, can you gamble on them, Stan? Anyway, why we're so obsessed with them is a topic for another day. Right now I'm gonna tell you that the fixation on the presidential elections is wrong, but not because the president doesn't matter. No, today we're gonna look at the elections of the people that are supposed to matter the most, Congress. Constitutionally at least, Congress is the most important branch of government because it is the one that is supposed to be the most responsive to the people. One of the main reasons it's so responsive, at least in theory, is the frequency of elections. If a politician has to run for office often, he or she, because unlike the president we have women serving in Congress, kind of has to pay attention to what the constituents want, a little bit, maybe. By now, I'm sure that most of you have memorized the Constitution, so you recognize that despite their importance in the way we discuss politics, elections aren't really a big feature of the Constitution. Except of course for the ridiculously complex electoral college system for choosing the president, which we don't even want to think about for a few episodes. In fact, here's what the Constitution says about Congressional Elections in Article 1 Section 2: "The House of Representatives shall be composed of members chosen every second year by the people of the several states, and the electors in each state shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the state legislature." So the Constitution does establish that the whole of the house is up for election every 2 years, and 1/3 of the senate is too, but mainly it leaves the scheduling and rules of elections up to the states. The actual rules of elections, like when the polls are open and where they actually are, as well as the registration requirements, are pretty much up to the states, subject to some federal election law. If you really want to know the rules in your state, I'm sure that someone at the Board of Elections, will be happy to explain them to you. Really, you should give them a call; they're very, very lonely. In general though, here's what we can say about American elections. First stating the super obvious, in order to serve in congress, you need to win an election. In the House of Representatives, each election district chooses a single representative, which is why we call them single-member districts. The number of districts is determined by the Census, which happens every 10 years, and which means that elections ending in zeros are super important, for reasons that I'll explain in greater detail in a future episode. It's because of gerrymandering. The Senate is much easier to figure out because both of the state Senators are elected by the entire state. It's as if the state itself were a single district, which is true for states like Wyoming, which are so unpopulated as to have only 1 representative. Sometimes these elections are called at large elections. Before the election ever happens, you need candidates. How candidates are chosen differs from state to state, but usually it has something to do with political parties, although it doesn't have to. Why are things so complicated?! What we can say is that candidates, or at least good candidates, usually have certain characteristics. Sorry America. First off, if you are gonna run for office, you should have an unblemished record, free of, oh I don't know, felony convictions or sex scandals, except maybe in Louisiana or New York. This might lead to some pretty bland candidates or people who are so calculating that they have no skeletons in their closet, but we Americans are a moral people and like our candidates to reflect our ideals rather than our reality. The second characteristic that a candidate must possess is the ability to raise money. Now some candidates are billionaires and can finance their own campaigns. But most billionaires have better things to do: buying yachts, making even more money, building money forts, buying more yachts, so they don't have time to run for office. But most candidates get their money for their campaigns by asking for it. The ability to raise money is key, especially now, because running for office is expensive. Can I get a how expensive is it? "How expensive is it?!" Well, so expensive that the prices of elections continually rises and in 2012 winners of House races spent nearly 2 million each. Senate winners spent more than 10 million. By the time this episode airs, I'm sure the numbers will be much higher like a gajillion billion million. Money is important in winning an election, but even more important, statistically, is already being in Congress. Let's go to the Thought Bubble. The person holding an office who runs for that office again is called the incumbent and has a big advantage over any challenger. This is according to political scientists who, being almost as bad at naming things as historians, refer to this as incumbency advantage. There are a number of reasons why incumbents tend to hold onto their seats in congress, if they want to. The first is that a sitting congressman has a record to run on, which we hope includes some legislative accomplishments, although for the past few Congresses, these don't seem to matter. The record might include case work, which is providing direct services to constituents. This is usually done by congressional staffers and includes things like answering questions about how to get certain government benefits or writing recommendation letters to West Point. Congressmen can also provide jobs to constituents, which is usually a good way to get them to vote for you. These are either government jobs, kind of rare these days, called patronage or indirect employment through government contracts for programs within a Congressman's district. These programs are called earmarks or pork barrel programs, and they are much less common now because Congress has decided not to use them any more, sort of. The second advantage that incumbents have is that they have a record of winning elections, which if you think about it, is pretty obvious. Being a proven winner makes it easier for a congressmen to raise money, which helps them win, and long term incumbents tend to be more powerful in Congress which makes it even easier for them to raise money and win. The Constitution give incumbents one structural advantage too. Each elected congressman is allowed $100,000 and free postage to send out election materials. This is called the franking privilege. It's not so clear how great an advantage this is in the age of the internet, but at least according to the book The Victory Lab, direct mail from candidates can be surprisingly effective. How real is this incumbency advantage? Well if you look at the numbers, it seems pretty darn real. Over the past 60 years, almost 90% of members of The House of Representatives got re-elected. The Senate has been even more volatile, but even at the low point in 1980 more than 50% of sitting senators got to keep their jobs. Thanks, Thought Bubble. You're so great. So those are some of the features of congressional elections. Now, if you'll permit me to get a little politically sciencey, I'd like to try to explain why elections are so important to the way that Congressmen and Senators do their jobs. In 1974, political scientist David Mayhew published a book in which he described something he called "The Electoral Connection." This was the idea that Congressmen were primarily motivated by the desire to get re-elected, which intuitively makes a lot of sense, even though I'm not sure what evidence he had for this conclusion. Used to be able to get away with that kind of thing I guess, clearly David may-not-hew to the rules of evidence, pun [rim shot], high five, no. Anyway Mayhew's research methodology isn't as important as his idea itself because The Electoral Connection provides a frame work for understanding congressman's activities. Mayhew divided representatives' behaviors and activities into three categories. The first is advertising; congressmen work to develop their personal brand so that they are recognizable to voters. Al D'Amato used to be know in New York as Senator Pothole, because he was able to bring home so much pork that he could actually fix New York's streets. Not by filling them with pork, money, its money, remember pork barrel spending? The second activity is credit claiming; Congressmen get things done so that they can say they got them done. A lot of case work and especially pork barrel spending are done in the name of credit claiming. Related to credit claiming, but slightly different, is position taking. This means making a public judgmental statement on something likely to be of interest to voters. Senators can do this through filibusters. Representatives can't filibuster, but they can hold hearings, publicly supporting a hearing is a way of associating yourself with an idea without having to actually try to pass legislation. And of course they can go on the TV, especially on Sunday talk shows. What's a TV, who even watches TV? Now the idea of The Electoral Connection doesn't explain every action a member of Congress takes; sometimes they actually make laws to benefit the public good or maybe solve problems, huh, what an idea! But Mayhew's idea gives us a way of thinking about Congressional activity, an analytical lens that connects what Congressmen actually do with how most of us understand Congressmen, through elections. So the next time you see a Congressmen call for a hearing on a supposed horrible scandal or read about a Senator threatening to filibuster a policy that may have significant popular support, ask yourself, "Is this Representative claiming credit or taking a position, and how will this build their brand?" In other words: what's the electoral connection and how will whatever they're doing help them get elected? This might feel a little cynical, but the reality is Mayhew's thesis often seems to fit with today's politics. Thanks for watching, see you next week. Vote for me; I'm on the TV. I'm not -- I'm on the YouTube. Crash Course: Government and Politics is produced in association with PBS Digital Studios. Support for Crash Course US Government comes from Voqal. Voqal supports nonprofits that use technology and media to advance social equity. Learn more about their mission and initiatives at Voqal.org. Crash Course is made by all of these nice people. Thanks for watching. That guy isn't nice.

Contents

Firsts

Sometimes called the "Lady of the House", Jeannette Rankin entered the U.S. House of Representatives in 1917 as the first woman in Congress.
Sometimes called the "Lady of the House", Jeannette Rankin entered the U.S. House of Representatives in 1917 as the first woman in Congress.
Nancy Pelosi, 52nd Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (2007–2011, 2019–), the only woman to hold the position.
Nancy Pelosi, 52nd Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (2007–2011, 2019–), the only woman to hold the position.

Jeannette Rankin entered the U.S. House of Representatives in 1917 as the first woman in either chamber of Congress.[2] Florence Prag Kahn entered the U.S. House of Representatives in 1925 as the first Jewish woman in either chamber of Congress.[3]

U.S. Representative Vera Buchanan died in 1955, making her the first woman in either chamber to die in office.[4] Patsy Mink, an Asian American, entered the U.S. House of Representatives in 1965 as the first woman of color in either chamber of Congress.[5][6] U.S. Representative Charlotte Reid became the first woman to wear pants in the U.S. House of Representatives or U.S. Senate in 1969.[7]

Shirley Chisholm entered the U.S. House of Representatives in 1969 as the first African-American woman in either chamber of Congress.[8] In 1973, U.S. Representative Yvonne Brathwaite Burke became the first member of the U.S. House of Representatives or U.S. Senate to give birth while in office, and first person to be granted maternity leave by the Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives, with the birth of her daughter Autumn.[9][10]

The gym of the U.S. House of Representatives (with the exception of its swimming pool) first opened to women in 1985, the gym having previously been male-only. The swimming pool opened to women in 2009, the pool having previously been male-only.[11] Ileana Ros-Lehtinen entered the U.S. House of Representatives in 1989 as the first Latina in either chamber of Congress.[12] Tammy Baldwin entered the U.S. House of Representatives in 1999 as the first openly gay woman in either chamber of Congress.[13][14][15]

Nancy Pelosi became the first female House Minority Whip in 2002.[16] She went on to become the first and only to date female Speaker of the United States House of Representatives in 2007.[17] Also in 2007, Mazie Hirono entered the U.S. House of Representatives as the first female Buddhist in either chamber of Congress.

In 2011, the U.S. House of Representatives got its first women’s bathroom near the chamber (Room H-211 of the U.S. Capitol).[18] Tulsi Gabbard entered the U.S. House of Representatives in 2013 as the first Hindu person in either chamber of Congress.[19][20] Also in 2013, Kyrsten Sinema entered the U.S. House of Representatives as the first openly bisexual woman in either chamber of Congress.

In the 2018 general elections, there was a wave of firsts elected to the United States House of Representatives for the 116th Congress. A record-breaking 103 women have been elected or re-elected into the United States House of Representatives, causing many to call it the "Year of the Woman".[21] Ilhan Omar and Rashida Tlaib became the first Muslim women ever elected to either house of Congress, with Tlaib the first Palestinian-American woman elected to Congress and Omar the first Somali American of either gender to be elected. Also in this election, Angie Craig became the first lesbian mother to be elected to Congress. Sharice Davids and Deb Haaland became the first Native American women elected to the U.S. House of Representatives. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez became the youngest woman to be elected into either house of Congress.

Widow's succession

Mae Ella Nolan was the first woman elected to her husband's seat in Congress, which is sometimes known as the widow's succession. In the early years of women in Congress, the seat was held only until the next election and the women retired after that single Congress. She thereby became a placeholder merely finishing out her late husband's elected term. As the years progressed, however, more and more of these widow successors sought re-election. These women began to win their own elections.

38 widows have won their husbands' seats in the House, and eight in the Senate. The only current example is Representative Doris Matsui of California. The most successful example is Margaret Chase Smith of Maine, who served a total of 32 years in both houses and became the first woman elected to both the House and the Senate. She began the end of McCarthyism with a famous speech, "The Declaration of Conscience", became the first major-party female presidential candidate and the first woman to receive votes at a national nominating convention, and was the first (and highest ranking to date) woman to enter the Republican Party Senate leadership (in the third-highest post of Chairwoman of the Senate Republican Conference). The third woman elected to Congress, Winnifred Huck, was similarly elected to her father's seat.

Number of women

Number of women in the United States House of Representatives and Senate by Congress

Women U.S. Representatives of the 113th Congress
Women U.S. Representatives of the 113th Congress
The number of women who sought and won election to Congress in each election cycle from 1974 to 2018.[22][23]
The number of women who sought and won election to Congress in each election cycle from 1974 to 2018.[22][23]

Number of women in the United States Congress (1917–2021):[24][25]

Congress Years in Congress %
65th 1917–1919 1 0.2%
66th 1919–1921 0 0%
67th 1921–1923 4 0.7%
68th 1923–1925 1 0.2%
69th 1925–1927 3 0.6%
70th 1927–1929 5 0.9%
71st 1929–1931 9 1.7%
72nd 1931–1933 8 1.5%
73rd 1933–1935 8 1.5%
74th 1935–1937 8 1.5%
75th 1937–1939 9 1.7%
76th 1939–1941 9 1.7%
77th 1941–1943 10 1.9%
78th 1943–1945 9 1.7%
79th 1945–1947 11 2.1%
80th 1947–1949 8 1.5%
81st 1949–1951 10 1.9%
82nd 1951–1953 11 2.1%
83rd 1953–1955 15 2.8%
84th 1955–1957 18 3.4%
85th 1957–1959 16 3.0%
86th 1959–1961 19 3.5%
87th 1961–1963 20 3.7%
88th 1963–1965 14 2.6%
89th 1965–1967 13 2.4%
90th 1967–1969 12 2.2%
91st 1969–1971 11 2.1%
92nd 1971–1973 15 2.8%
93rd 1973–1975 16 3.0%
94th 1975–1977 19 3.6%
95th 1977–1979 20 3.7%
96th 1979–1981 17 3.2%
97th 1981–1983 23 4.3%
98th 1983–1985 24 4.5%
99th 1985–1987 25 4.7%
100th 1987–1989 26 4.9%
101st 1989–1991 31 5.8%
102nd 1991–1993 33 6.2%
103rd 1993–1995 55 10.3%
104th 1995–1997 59 11.0%
105th 1997–1999 66 12.3%
106th 1999–2001 67 12.5%
107th 2001–2003 75 14.0%
108th 2003–2005 77 14.4%
109th 2005–2007 85 15.9%
110th 2007–2009 94 17.6%
111th 2009–2011 96 17.9%
112th 2011–2013 96 17.9%
113th 2013–2015 101[26] 19.1%
114th 2015–2017 104 19.4%
115th 2017–2019 104 19.4%
116th 2019–2021 127 23.7%

Number of women in the United States House of Representatives by party

Notes: "% of party" is taken from voting members at the beginning of the Congress, while numbers and "% of women" include all female House members of the given Congress

Congress Years Women total Republican % of women % of party Democratic % of women % of party
65th 1917–1919 1 1 100% 0.5% 0 0.0% 0.0%
66th 1919–1921 0 0 0.0% 0.0% 0 0.0% 0.0%
67th 1921–1923 3 3 100% 0.3% 0 0.0% 0.0%
68th 1923–1925 1 1 100% 0.4% 0 0.0% 0.0%
69th 1925–1927 3 2 66.7% 0.4% 1 33.3% 0.5%
70th 1927–1929 5 3 60.0% 1.3% 2 40.0% 0.5%
71st 1929–1931 9 5 55.6% 1.9% 4 44.4% 1.8%
72nd 1931–1933 7 3 42.9% 1.4% 4 57.1% 1.4%
73rd 1933–1935 7 3 42.9% 1.7% 4 57.1% 1.0%
74th 1935–1937 6 2 33.3% 1.9% 4 66.7% 1.2%
75th 1937–1939 6 1 16.7% 1.1% 5 83.3% 1.2%
76th 1939–1941 8 4 50.0% 1.2% 4 50.0% 0.8%
77th 1941–1943 9 5 55.6% 3.1% 4 44.4% 0.7%
78th 1943–1945 8 6 75.0% 2.9% 2 25.0% 0.5%
79th 1945–1947 11 5 45.5% 2.6% 6 54.5% 1.7%
80th 1947–1949 7 5 71.4% 2.0% 2 28.6% 1.1%
81st 1949–1951 9 4 44.4% 2.3% 5 55.6% 1.5%
82nd 1951–1953 10 6 60.0% 3.0% 4 40.0% 0.9%
83rd 1953–1955 12 7 58.3% 2.7% 5 41.7% 2.3%
84th 1955–1957 17 7 41.2% 3.0% 10 58.8% 3.4%
85th 1957–1959 15 6 40.0% 3.0% 9 60.0% 3.8%
86th 1959–1961 17 8 47.1% 5.2% 9 52.9% 2.8%
87th 1961–1963 18 7 38.9% 3.5% 11 61.1% 3.4%
88th 1963–1965 12 6 50.0% 2.8% 6 50.0% 2.3%
89th 1965–1967 11 4 36.4% 2.9% 7 63.6% 2.0%
90th 1967–1969 11 5 45.5% 2.7% 6 54.5% 2.4%
91st 1969–1971 10 4 40.0% 2.1% 6 60.0% 2.5%
92nd 1971–1973 13 3 23.1% 1.1% 10 76.9% 3.5%
93rd 1973–1975 16 2 12.5% 1.0% 14 87.5% 5.0%
94th 1975–1977 19 5 26.3% 2.8% 14 73.7% 4.8%
95th 1977–1979 18 5 27.8% 3.5% 13 72.2% 4.5%
96th 1979–1981 16 5 31.3% 3.2% 11 68.8% 4.0%
97th 1981–1983 21 10 47.6% 4.7% 11 52.4% 3.7%
98th 1983–1985 22 9 40.9% 5.5% 13 59.1% 4.4%
99th 1985–1987 23 11 47.8% 6.0% 12 52.2% 4.3%
100th 1987–1989 23 11 47.8% 6.0% 12 52.2% 4.3%
101st 1989–1991 29 13 44.8% 6.0% 16 55.2% 5.6%
102nd 1991–1993 30 9 30.0% 5.5% 21 70.0% 7.0%
103rd 1993–1995 48 12 25.0% 6.8% 36 75.0% 13.6%
104th 1995–1997 50 18 36.0% 7.4% 32 64.0% 14.7%
105th 1997–1999 57 18 31.6% 6.6% 39 68.4% 17.0%
106th 1999–2001 58 17 29.3% 7.6% 41 70.7% 18.5%
107th 2001–2003 62 18 29.0% 8.1% 44 71.0% 19.0%
108th 2003–2005 63 21 33.3% 9.2% 42 66.7% 18.5%
109th 2005–2007 71 25 35.2% 9.9% 46 64.8% 20.9%
110th 2007–2009 78 21 26.9% 9.9% 57 73.1% 20.2%
111th 2009–2011 79 17 21.5% 9.6% 62 78.5% 21.5%
112th 2011–2013 79 24 30.4% 9.9% 55 69.6% 23.8%
113th 2013–2015 82 20 24.4% 8.2% 62 75.6% 29.0%
114th 2015–2017 88 23 26.2% 8.9% 65 73.8% 33.0%
115th 2017–2019 89 25 25.3% 8.7% 64 74.7% 32.0%
116th 2019–2021 102 13 12.7% 6.5% 89 87.3% 37.9%

Percentage of women by party and year


Showing the data tabulated below as a graph
Showing the data tabulated below as a graph

List of female members

This is a complete list of women who have served as U.S. Representatives or delegates of the United States House of Representatives, ordered by seniority. Members are grouped by the apportionment period during which such member commenced serving. This list includes women who served in the past and who continue to serve in the present.

1917 to 1932

Image Name
(lifespan)
Party District Years Notes
Rep. Rankin
Jeannette Rankin
(1880–1973)
Republican Montana at-large March 4, 1917
March 4, 1919
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Republican nomination for the 1918 United States Senate election in Montana
First woman elected to a national office
Montana's 1st January 3, 1941
January 3, 1943
Retired
Rep. Robertson
Alice Robertson
(1854–1931)
Republican Oklahoma's 2nd March 4, 1921
March 4, 1923
Lost reelection
First woman to defeat an incumbent congressman
Rep. Huck
Winnifred Huck
(1882–1936)
Republican Illinois at-large November 7, 1922
March 4, 1923
Lost renomination
Succeeded her father in a special election
First woman incumbent defeated in a primary
First woman to win a special election
Rep. Nolan
Mae Nolan
(1886–1973)
Republican California's 5th January 23, 1923
March 4, 1925
Retired
Succeeded her husband
Rep. Kahn
Florence Kahn
(1866–1948)
Republican California's 4th March 4, 1925
January 3, 1937
Lost reelection
First woman to be reelected
First Jewish woman elected
Succeeded her husband
Rep. Norton
Mary Norton
(1875–1959)
Democratic New Jersey's 12th March 4, 1925
March 4, 1933
First Democratic woman elected
Redistricted
New Jersey's 13th March 4, 1933
January 3, 1951
Retired
Rep. Rogers
Edith Rogers
(1881–1960)
Republican Massachusetts's 5th June 30, 1925
September 10, 1960
Died in office
Succeeded her husband
Rep. Langley
Katherine G. Langley
(1888–1948)
Republican Kentucky's 7th March 4, 1927
March 4, 1931
Retired
Succeeded her husband (though not immediately)
Daughter of James M. Gudger Jr.
Rep. Oldfield
Pearl Oldfield
(1876–1962)
Democratic Arkansas's 2nd January 9, 1929
March 4, 1931
Retired
Succeeded her husband
Rep. McCormick
Ruth McCormick
(1880–1944)
Republican Illinois at-large March 4, 1929
March 4, 1931
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the 1930 United States Senate election in Illinois
Daughter of Mark Hanna
Rep. Owen
Ruth Owen
(1885–1954)
Democratic Florida's 4th March 4, 1929
March 4, 1933
Lost renomination
Daughter of William Jennings Bryan
Later became United States Ambassador to Denmark
Rep. Pratt
Ruth Pratt
(1877–1965)
Republican New York's 17th March 4, 1929
March 4, 1933
Lost reelection
Rep. Wingo
Effiegene Wingo
(1883–1962)
Democratic Arkansas's 4th November 4, 1930
March 4, 1933
Retired
Succeeded her husband
Rep. Eslick
Willa Eslick
(1878–1961)
Democratic Tennessee's 7th August 14, 1932
March 4, 1933
Not eligible for reelection having not qualified for nomination
Succeeded her husband

1933 to 1942

Image Name
(lifespan)
Party District Years Notes
Rep. Jenckes
Virginia E. Jenckes
(1877–1975)
Democratic Indiana's 6th March 4, 1933
January 3, 1939
Lost reelection
Rep. McCarthy
Kathryn O'Loughlin-McCarthy
(1894–1952)
Democratic Kansas's 6th March 4, 1933
January 3, 1935
Lost reelection
Rep. Greenway
Isabella Greenway
(1886–1953)
Democratic Arizona at-large October 2, 1933
January 3, 1937
Retired
Rep. Clarke
Marian W. Clarke
(1880–1953)
Republican New York's 34th December 28, 1933
January 3, 1935
Retired
Succeeded her husband
Rep. O'Day
Caroline O'Day
(1869–1943)
Democratic New York at-large January 3, 1935
January 3, 1943
Retired
Rep. Honeyman
Nan Honeyman
(1881–1970)
Democratic Oregon's 3rd January 3, 1937
January 3, 1939
Lost reelection
Rep. Gasque
Elizabeth Gasque
(1886–1989)
Democratic South Carolina's 6th September 13, 1938
January 3, 1939
Retired
Succeeded her husband
Rep. Sumner
Jessie Sumner
(1898–1994)
Republican Illinois's 18th January 3, 1939
January 3, 1947
Retired
Rep. McMillan
Clara G. McMillan
(1894–1976)
Democratic South Carolina's 1st November 7, 1939
January 3, 1941
Retired
Succeeded her husband
Rep. Bolton
Frances P. Bolton
(1885–1977)
Republican Ohio's 22nd February 27, 1940
January 3, 1969
Lost reelection
Succeeded her husband
Rep. Smith
Margaret Chase Smith
(1897–1995)
Republican Maine's 2nd June 3, 1940
January 3, 1949
Retired to run successfully for the 1948 United States Senate election in Maine
Succeeded her husband
Later first woman elected to the United States Senate in a general election without previously being appointed, elected in a special election, or succeeding a husband
Rep. Gibbs
Florence Gibbs
(1890–1964)
Democratic Georgia's 8th October 1, 1940
January 3, 1941
Retired
Succeeded her husband
Rep. Byron
Katharine Byron
(1903–1976)
Democratic Maryland's 6th May 27, 1941
January 3, 1943
Retired
Succeeded her husband
Rep. Boland
Veronica Boland
(1899–1982)
Democratic Pennsylvania's 11th November 3, 1942
January 3, 1943
Retired
Succeeded her husband

1943 to 1952

Image Name
(lifespan)
Party District Years Notes
Rep. Luce
Clare Boothe Luce
(1903–1987)
Republican Connecticut's 4th January 3, 1943
January 3, 1947
Retired
Later became United States Ambassador to Italy and United States Ambassador to Brazil
Rep. Stanley
Winifred C. Stanley
(1909–1996)
Republican New York at-large January 3, 1943
January 3, 1945
Retired
Rep. Fulmer
Willa L. Fulmer
(1884–1968)
Democratic South Carolina's 2nd November 7, 1944
January 3, 1945
Retired
Succeeded her husband
Rep. Douglas
Emily Douglas
(1899–1994)
Democratic Illinois at-large January 3, 1945
January 3, 1947
Lost reelection
Rep. Douglas
Helen Gahagan-Douglas
(1900–1980)
Democratic California's 14th January 3, 1945
January 3, 1951
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the 1950 United States Senate election in California
Rep. Woodhouse
Chase G. Woodhouse
(1890–1984)
Democratic Connecticut's 2nd January 3, 1945
January 3, 1947
Lost reelection
January 3, 1949
January 3, 1951
Lost reelection
Rep. Mankin
Helen Mankin
(1896–1956)
Democratic Georgia's 5th February 12, 1946
January 3, 1947
Lost renomination
Rep. Pratt
Eliza Pratt
(1902–1981)
Democratic North Carolina's 8th May 25, 1946
January 3, 1947
Retired
Rep. Lusk
Georgia Lusk
(1893–1971)
Democratic New Mexico at-large January 3, 1947
January 3, 1949
Lost renomination
Rep. St. George
Katharine St. George
(1894–1983)
Republican New York's 29th January 3, 1947
January 3, 1953
Redistricted
New York's 28th January 3, 1953
January 3, 1963
Redistricted
New York's 27th January 3, 1963
January 3, 1965
Lost reelection
Rep. Bosone
Reva Bosone
(1895–1983)
Democratic Utah's 2nd January 3, 1949
January 3, 1953
Lost reelection
Rep. Harden
Cecil M. Harden
(1894–1984)
Republican Indiana's 6th January 3, 1949
January 3, 1959
Lost reelection
Rep. Kelly
Edna F. Kelly
(1906–1997)
Democratic New York's 10th November 8, 1949
January 3, 1963
Redistricted
New York's 12th January 3, 1963
January 3, 1969
Lost renomination
Rep. Church
Marguerite S. Church
(1892–1990)
Republican Illinois's 13th January 3, 1951
January 3, 1963
Retired
Succeeded her husband
Rep. Thompson
Ruth Thompson
(1887–1970)
Republican Michigan's 9th January 3, 1951
January 3, 1957
Lost renomination
Rep. Kee
Elizabeth Kee
(1895–1975)
Democratic West Virginia's 5th July 17, 1951
January 3, 1965
Retired
Succeeded her husband
Rep. Buchanan
Vera Buchanan
(1902–1955)
Democratic Pennsylvania's 33rd July 24, 1951
January 3, 1953
Succeeded her husband
Redistricted
Pennsylvania's 30th January 3, 1953
November 26, 1955
Died in office

1953 to 1962

Image Name
(lifespan)
Party District Years Notes
Rep. Pfost
Gracie Pfost
(1906–1965)
Democratic Idaho's 1st January 3, 1953
January 3, 1963
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the 1962 United States Senate election in Idaho
Rep. Sullivan
Leonor Sullivan
(1902–1988)
Democratic Missouri's 3rd January 3, 1953
January 3, 1977
Retired
Del. Farrington
Elizabeth P. Farrington
(1898–1984)
Republican Hawaii's at-large July 31, 1954
January 3, 1957
Lost reelection
Succeeded her husband
First woman territorial delegate
Rep. Blitch
Iris Blitch
(1912–1993)
Democratic Georgia's 8th January 3, 1955
January 3, 1963
Retired
Rep. Green
Edith Green
(1910–1987)
Democratic Oregon's 3rd January 3, 1955
December 31, 1974
Retired
Rep. Griffiths
Martha Griffiths
(1912–2003)
Democratic Michigan's 17th January 3, 1955
December 31, 1974
Retired
Later became Lieutenant Governor of Michigan
Rep. Knutson
Coya Knutson
(1912–1996)
Democratic Minnesota's 9th January 3, 1955
January 3, 1959
Lost reelection
Rep. Granahan
Kathryn E. Granahan
(1894–1979)
Democratic Pennsylvania's 2nd November 6, 1956
January 3, 1963
Retired
Succeeded her husband
Later became Treasurer of the United States
Rep. Dwyer
Florence P. Dwyer
(1902–1976)
Republican New Jersey's 6th January 3, 1957
January 3, 1967
Redistricted
New Jersey's 12th January 3, 1967
January 3, 1973
Retired
Rep. May
Catherine May
(1914–2004)
Republican Washington's 4th January 3, 1959
January 3, 1971
Lost reelection
Rep. Simpson
Edna O. Simpson
(1891–1984)
Republican Illinois's 20th January 3, 1959
January 3, 1961
Retired
Succeeded her husband
Rep. Weis
Jessica M. Weis
(1901–1963)
Republican New York's 38th January 3, 1959
January 3, 1963
Retired
Rep. Hansen
Julia Hansen
(1907–1988)
Democratic Washington's 3rd November 8, 1960
December 31, 1974
Retired
Rep. Norrell
Catherine Norrell
(1901–1981)
Democratic Arkansas's 6th April 19, 1961
January 3, 1963
Retired
Succeeded her husband
Rep. Reece
Louise Reece
(1898–1970)
Republican Tennessee's 1st May 16, 1961
January 3, 1963
Retired
Succeeded her husband
Daughter of Guy D. Goff
Rep. Riley
Corinne Riley
(1893–1979)
Democratic South Carolina's 2nd April 10, 1962
January 3, 1963
Retired
Succeeded her husband

1963 to 1972

Image Name
(lifespan)
Party District Years Notes
Rep. Reid
Charlotte Reid
(1913–2007)
Republican Illinois's 15th January 3, 1963
October 7, 1971
Resigned to become a member of the Federal Communications Commission
Succeeded her husband as nominee before election
Rep. Baker
Irene Baker
(1901–1994)
Republican Tennessee's 2nd January 7, 1964
January 3, 1965
Retired
Succeeded her husband
Rep. Mink
Patsy Mink
(1927–2002)
Democratic Hawaii's at-large January 3, 1965
January 3, 1971
Redistricted
Hawaii's 2nd January 3, 1971
January 3, 1977
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Democratic nomination for the 1976 United States Senate election in Hawaii
First Japanese American woman elected
Later became Assistant Secretary of State for Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs
September 22, 1990
September 28, 2002
Died in office
Rep. Thomas
Lera Thomas
(1900–1993)
Democratic Texas's 8th March 26, 1966
January 3, 1967
Retired
Succeeded her husband
Rep. Heckler
Margaret Heckler
(1931–2018)
Republican Massachusetts's 10th January 3, 1967
January 3, 1983
Lost reelection
Later became United States Secretary of Health and Human Services and United States Ambassador to Ireland
Rep. Chisholm
Shirley Chisholm
(1924–2005)
Democratic New York's 12th January 3, 1969
January 3, 1983
Retired
First African American woman elected
Rep. Abzug
Bella Abzug
(1920–1998)
Democratic New York's 19th January 3, 1971
January 3, 1973
Redistricted
New York's 20th January 3, 1973
January 3, 1977
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Democratic nomination for the 1976 United States Senate election in New York
Rep. Grasso
Ella T. Grasso
(1919–1981)
Democratic Connecticut's 6th January 3, 1971
January 3, 1975
Retired to run successfully for Governor of Connecticut
Previously served as Connecticut Secretary of State
Rep. Hicks
Louise Day Hicks
(1916–2003)
Democratic Massachusetts's 9th January 3, 1971
January 3, 1973
Lost reelection
Rep. Andrews
Elizabeth B. Andrews
(1911–2002)
Democratic Alabama's 3rd April 4, 1972
January 3, 1973
Retired
Succeeded her husband

1973 to 1982

Image Name
(lifespan)
Party District Years Notes
Rep. Braithwaite-Burke
Yvonne Burke
(born 1932)
Democratic California's 37th January 3, 1973
January 3, 1975
Redistricted
California's 28th January 3, 1975
January 3, 1979
Retired to run unsuccessfully for Attorney General of California
Rep. Holt
Marjorie Holt
(1920–2018)
Republican Maryland's 4th January 3, 1973
January 3, 1987
Retired
Rep. Holtzman
Elizabeth Holtzman
(born 1941)
Democratic New York's 16th January 3, 1973
January 3, 1981
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the 1980 United States Senate election in New York
Rep. Jordan
Barbara Jordan
(1936–1996)
Democratic Texas's 18th January 3, 1973
January 3, 1979
Retired
Rep. Schroeder
Pat Schroeder
(born 1940)
Democratic Colorado's 1st January 3, 1973
January 3, 1997
Retired
Rep. Boggs
Lindy Boggs
(1916–2013)
Democratic Louisiana's 2nd March 20, 1973
January 3, 1991
Retired
Succeeded her husband
Later became United States Ambassador to the Holy See
Rep. Collins
Cardiss Collins
(1931–2013)
Democratic Illinois's 7th June 5, 1973
January 3, 1997
Retired
Succeeded her husband
Rep. Fenwick
Millicent Fenwick
(1910–1992)
Republican New Jersey's 5th January 3, 1975
January 3, 1983
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the 1982 United States Senate election in New Jersey
Daughter of Ogden H. Hammond
Later became United States Ambassador to the United Nations Agencies for Food and Agriculture
Rep. Keys
Martha Keys
(born 1930)
Democratic Kansas's 2nd January 3, 1975
January 3, 1979
Lost reelection
Rep. Lloyd
Marilyn Lloyd
(1929–2018)
Democratic Tennessee's 3rd January 3, 1975
January 3, 1995
Retired
Succeeded her husband as nominee before election
Rep. Smith
Virginia D. Smith
(1911–2006)
Republican Nebraska's 3rd January 3, 1975
January 3, 1991
Retired
Rep. Spellman
Gladys Spellman
(1918–1988)
Democratic Maryland's 5th January 3, 1975
January 3, 1981
After suffering a debilitating heart attack and slipping into a comatose state, her seat was declared vacant by the House
Rep. Stevenson-Meyner
Helen Stevenson-Meyner
(1929–1997)
Democratic New Jersey's 13th January 3, 1975
January 3, 1979
Lost reelection
Rep. Pettis
Shirley Pettis
(1924–2016)
Republican California's 37th April 29, 1975
January 3, 1979
Retired
Succeeded her husband
Rep. Mikulski
Barbara Mikulski
(born 1936)
Democratic Maryland's 3rd January 3, 1977
January 3, 1987
Retired to run successfully for the 1986 United States Senate election in Maryland
Rep. Oakar
Mary Oakar
(born 1940)
Democratic Ohio's 20th January 3, 1977
January 3, 1993
Lost reelection
Rep. Byron
Beverly Byron
(born 1932)
Democratic Maryland's 6th January 3, 1979
January 3, 1993
Lost renomination
Succeeded her husband
Rep. Ferraro
Geraldine Ferraro
(1935–2011)
Democratic New York's 9th January 3, 1979
January 3, 1985
Retired to run unsuccessfully as the Democrat nominee for Vice President of the United States during the 1984 United States presidential election
Later became United States Ambassador to the United Nations Commission on Human Rights
Rep. Snowe
Olympia Snowe
(born 1947)
Republican Maine's 2nd January 3, 1979
January 3, 1995
Retired to run successfully for the 1994 United States Senate election in Maine
Rep. Fiedler
Bobbi Fiedler
(born 1937)
Republican California's 21st January 3, 1981
January 3, 1987
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Republican nomination for the 1986 United States Senate election in California
Rep. Morely-Martin
Lynn Morley-Martin
(born 1939)
Republican Illinois's 16th January 3, 1981
January 3, 1991
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the 1990 United States Senate election in Illinois
Later became United States Secretary of Labor
Rep. Roukema
Marge Roukema
(1929–2014)
Republican New Jersey's 7th January 3, 1981
January 3, 1983
Redistricted
New Jersey's 5th January 3, 1983
January 3, 2003
Retired
Rep. Schneider
Claudine Schneider
(born 1947)
Republican Rhode Island's 2nd January 3, 1981
January 3, 1991
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the 1990 United States Senate election in Rhode Island
Rep. Kennelly
Barbara B. Kennelly
(born 1936)
Democratic Connecticut's 1st January 12, 1982
January 3, 1999
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Connecticut gubernatorial election, 1998
Previously served as Connecticut Secretary of State
Rep. Spencer-Ashbrook
Jean Spencer-Ashbrook
(born 1934)
Republican Ohio's 17th June 29, 1982
January 3, 1983
Retired
Succeeded her husband
Rep. Hall
Katie Hall
(1938–2012)
Democratic Indiana's 1st November 2, 1982
January 3, 1985
Lost renomination

1983 to 1992

Image Name
(lifespan)
Party District Years Notes
Rep. Boxer
Barbara Boxer
(born 1940)
Democratic California's 6th January 3, 1983
January 3, 1993
Retired to run successfully for the 1992 United States Senate election in California
Rep. Johnson
Nancy Johnson
(born 1935)
Republican Connecticut's 6th January 3, 1983
January 3, 2003
Redistricted
Connecticut's 5th January 3, 2003
January 3, 2007
Lost reelection
Rep. Kaptur
Marcy Kaptur
(born 1946)
Democratic Ohio's 9th January 3, 1983
present
Rep. Vucanovich
Barbara Vucanovich
(1921–2013)
Republican Nevada's 2nd January 3, 1983
January 3, 1997
Retired
First Hispanic woman elected
Rep. Burton
Sala Burton
(1925–1987)
Democratic California's 5th June 21, 1983
February 1, 1987
Died in office
Succeeded her husband
Rep. Delich-Bentley
Helen Delich-Bentley
(1923–2016)
Republican Maryland's 2nd January 3, 1985
January 3, 1995
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Republican nomination for the Maryland gubernatorial election, 1994
Rep. Meyers
Jan Meyers
(1928–2019)
Republican Kansas's 3rd January 3, 1985
January 3, 1997
Retired
Rep. Small-Long
Catherine Small-Long
(born 1924)
Democratic Louisiana's 8th March 30, 1985
January 3, 1987
Retired
Succeeded her husband
Rep. Morella
Connie Morella
(born 1931)
Republican Maryland's 8th January 3, 1987
January 3, 2003
Lost reelection
Later became United States Ambassador to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Rep. Patterson
Liz J. Patterson
(1939–2018)
Democratic South Carolina's 4th January 3, 1987
January 3, 1993
Lost reelection
Daughter of Olin D. Johnston
Rep. Saiki
Pat Saiki
(born 1930)
Republican Hawaii's 1st January 3, 1987
January 3, 1991
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the United States Senate special election in Hawaii, 1990
Later became Administrator of the Small Business Administration
Rep. Slaughter
Louise Slaughter
(1929–2018)
Democratic New York's 30th January 3, 1987
January 3, 1993
Redistricted
New York's 28th January 3, 1993
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
New York's 25th January 3, 2013
March 16, 2018
Died in office
Rep. Pelosi
Nancy Pelosi
(born 1940)
Democratic California's 5th June 2, 1987
January 3, 1993
Redistricted
California's 8th January 3, 1993
January 3, 2013
First woman party leader
First woman Speaker of the United States House of Representatives
Redistricted
California's 12th January 3, 2013
present
Elected Speaker Again
Rep. Lowey
Nita Lowey
(born 1937)
Democratic New York's 20th January 3, 1989
January 3, 1993
Redistricted
New York's 18th January 3, 1993
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
New York's 17th January 3, 2013
present
First female Chair of the House Appropriations Committee
Rep. Unsoeld
Jolene Unsoeld
(born 1931)
Democratic Washington's 3rd January 3, 1989
January 3, 1995
Lost reelection
Rep. Long-Thompson
Jill Long-Thompson
(born 1952)
Democratic Indiana's 4th March 20, 1989
January 3, 1995
Lost reelection
Rep. Ros-Lehtinen
Ileana Ros-Lehtinen
(born 1952)
Republican Florida's 18th August 29, 1989
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
Florida's 27th January 3, 2013
January 3, 2019
Retired
Rep. Molinari
Susan Molinari
(born 1958)
Republican New York's 14th March 20, 1990
January 3, 1993
Redistricted
New York's 13th January 3, 1993
August 2, 1997
Resigned to become co-host of CBS This Morning
Daughter of Guy Molinari
Rep. Collins
Barbara-Rose Collins
(born 1939)
Democratic Michigan's 13th January 3, 1991
January 3, 1993
Redistricted
Michigan's 15th January 3, 1993
January 3, 1997
Lost renomination
Rep. DeLauro
Rosa DeLauro
(born 1943)
Democratic Connecticut's 3rd January 3, 1991
present
Del. Holmes-Norton
Eleanor Holmes-Norton
(born 1937)
Democratic DC at-large January 3, 1991
present
Rep. Horn
Joan Horn
(born 1936)
Democratic Missouri's 2nd January 3, 1991
January 3, 1993
Lost reelection
Rep. Waters
Maxine Waters
(born 1938)
Democratic California's 29th January 3, 1991
January 3, 1993
Redistricted
California's 35th January 3, 1993
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
California's 43rd January 3, 2013
present
Rep. Clayton
Eva M. Clayton
(born 1934)
Democratic North Carolina's 1st November 3, 1992
January 3, 2003
Retired

1993 to 2002

Image Name
(lifespan)
Party District Years Notes
Rep. Brown
Corrine Brown
(born 1946)
Democratic Florida's 3rd January 3, 1993
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
Florida's 5th January 3, 2013
January 3, 2017
Lost renomination
Rep. Byrne
Leslie L. Byrne
(born 1946)
Democratic Virginia's 11th January 3, 1993
January 3, 1995
Lost reelection
Rep. Cantwell
Maria Cantwell
(born 1958)
Democratic Washington's 1st January 3, 1993
January 3, 1995
Lost reelection
Later ran successfully for the 2000 United States Senate election in Washington
Rep. Danner
Pat Danner
(born 1934)
Democratic Missouri's 6th January 3, 1993
January 3, 2001
Retired
Rep. Dunn
Jennifer Dunn
(1941–2007)
Republican Washington's 8th January 3, 1993
January 3, 2005
Retired
Rep. English
Karan English
(born 1949)
Democratic Arizona's 6th January 3, 1993
January 3, 1995
Lost reelection
Rep. Eshoo
Anna Eshoo
(born 1942)
Democratic California's 14th January 3, 1993
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
California's 18th January 3, 2013
present
Rep. Fowler
Tillie K. Fowler
(1942–2005)
Republican Florida's 4th January 3, 1993
January 3, 2001
Retired
Rep. Furse
Elizabeth Furse
(born 1936)
Democratic Oregon's 1st January 3, 1993
January 3, 1999
Retired
Rep. Harman
Jane Harman
(born 1945)
Democratic California's 36th January 3, 1993
January 3, 1999
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Democratic nomination for the California gubernatorial election, 1998
January 3, 2001
February 28, 2011
Resigned to become the Director, President, and Chief Executive Officer of the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars
Rep. Johnson
Eddie Johnson
(born 1936)
Democratic Texas's 30th January 3, 1993
present
Rep. Lincoln
Blanche Lincoln
(born 1960)
Democratic Arkansas's 1st January 3, 1993
January 3, 1997
Retired
Later ran successfully for the 1998 United States Senate election in Arkansas
Rep. Maloney
Carolyn Maloney
(born 1946)
Democratic New York's 14th January 3, 1993
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
New York's 12th January 3, 2013
present
Rep. Margolies-Mezvinsky
Marjorie Margolies
(born 1942)
Democratic Pennsylvania's 13th January 3, 1993
January 3, 1995
Lost reelection
Rep. McKinney
Cynthia McKinney
(born 1955)
Democratic Georgia's 11th January 3, 1993
January 3, 1997
Redistricted
Georgia's 4th January 3, 1997
January 3, 2003
Lost renomination
January 3, 2005
January 3, 2007
Lost renomination
Ran for President of the United States as the nominee of the Green Party for the 2008 United States presidential election
Rep. Meek
Carrie P. Meek
(born 1926)
Democratic Florida's 17th January 3, 1993
January 3, 2003
Retired
Rep. Pryce
Deborah Pryce
(born 1951)
Republican Ohio's 15th January 3, 1993
January 3, 2009
Retired
Rep. Roybal-Allard
Lucille Roybal-Allard
(born 1941)
Democratic California's 33rd January 3, 1993
January 3, 2003
Retired
Daughter of Edward R. Roybal
California's 34th January 3, 2003
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
California's 40th January 3, 2013
present
Rep. Schenk
Lynn Schenk
(born 1945)
Democratic California's 49th January 3, 1993
January 3, 1995
Lost reelection
Rep. Shepherd
Karen Shepherd
(born 1940)
Democratic Utah's 2nd January 3, 1993
January 3, 1995
Lost reelection
Rep. Thurman
Karen Thurman
(born 1951)
Democratic Florida's 5th January 3, 1993
January 3, 2003
Lost reelection
Rep. Velázquez
Nydia Velázquez
(born 1953)
Democratic New York's 12th January 3, 1993
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
New York's 7th January 3, 2013
present
Rep. Woolsey
Lynn Woolsey
(born 1937)
Democratic California's 6th January 3, 1993
January 3, 2013
Retired
Rep. Chenoweth-Hage
Helen Chenoweth-Hage
(1938–2006)
Republican Idaho's 1st January 3, 1995
January 3, 2001
Retired
Rep. Cubin
Barbara Cubin
(born 1946)
Republican Wyoming's at-large January 3, 1995
January 3, 2009
Retired
Enid G. Mickelsen.jpg
Enid Greene
(born 1958)
Republican Utah's 2nd January 3, 1995
January 3, 1997
Retired
Rep. Jackson-Lee
Sheila Jackson-Lee
(born 1950)
Democratic Texas's 18th January 3, 1995
present
Rep. Kelly
Sue Kelly
(born 1936)
Republican New York's 19th January 3, 1995
January 3, 2007
Lost reelection
Rep. Lofgren
Zoe Lofgren
(born 1947)
Democratic California's 16th January 3, 1995
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
California's 19th January 3, 2013
present
Rep. McCarthy
Karen McCarthy
(1947–2010)
Democratic Missouri's 5th January 3, 1995
January 3, 2005
Retired
Rep. Myrick
Sue Myrick
(born 1941)
Republican North Carolina's 9th January 3, 1995
January 3, 2013
Retired
Rep. Rivers
Lynn N. Rivers
(born 1956)
Democratic Michigan's 13th January 3, 1995
January 3, 2003
Lost renomination
Rep. Sestrand
Andrea Seastrand
(born 1941)
Republican California's 22nd January 3, 1995
January 3, 1997
Lost reelection
Rep. Smith
Linda Smith
(born 1950)
Republican Washington's 3rd January 3, 1995
January 3, 1999
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the 1998 United States Senate election in Washington
Rep. Millender-McDonald
Juanita Millender-McDonald
(1938–2007)
Democratic California's 37th March 26, 1996
April 22, 2007
Died in office
Rep. Emerson
Jo Ann Emerson
(born 1950)
Republican Missouri's 8th November 5, 1996
January 3, 1997
Succeeded her husband
Independent January 3, 1997
January 8, 1997
First woman elected as an Independent or third-party
Changed parties
Republican January 8, 1997
January 22, 2013
Resigned to become the President and Chief Executive Officer of the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association
Rep. Carson
Julia Carson
(1938–2007)
Democratic Indiana's 10th January 3, 1997
January 3, 2003
Redistricted
Indiana's 7th January 3, 2003
December 15, 2007
Died in office
Rep. Cheeks-Kilpatrick
Carolyn Cheeks-Kilpatrick
(born 1945)
Democratic Michigan's 15th January 3, 1997
January 3, 2003
Redistricted
Michigan's 13th January 3, 2003
January 3, 2011
Lost renomination
Del. Christian-Christensen
Donna Christian-Christensen
(born 1945)
Democratic U.S. Virgin Island's at-large January 3, 1997
January 3, 2015
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the 2014 United States Virgin Islands gubernatorial election
Rep. DeGette
Diana DeGette
(born 1957)
Democratic Colorado's 1st January 3, 1997
present
Rep. Granger
Kay Granger
(born 1943)
Republican Texas's 12th January 3, 1997
present
Rep. Hooley
Darlene Hooley
(born 1939)
Democratic Oregon's 5th January 3, 1997
January 3, 2009
Retired
Rep. McCarthy
Carolyn McCarthy
(born 1944)
Democratic New York's 4th January 3, 1997
January 3, 2015
Retired
Rep. Northup
Anne Northup
(born 1948)
Republican Kentucky's 3rd January 3, 1997
January 3, 2007
Lost reelection
Rep. Sanchez
Loretta Sánchez
(born 1960)
Democratic California's 46th January 3, 1997
January 3, 2003
Redistricted
California's 47th January 3, 2003
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
California's 46th January 3, 2013
January 3, 2017
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the 2016 United States Senate election in California
Rep. Stabenow
Debbie Stabenow
(born 1950)
Democratic Michigan's 8th January 3, 1997
January 3, 2001
Retired to run successfully for the 2000 United States Senate election in Michigan
Rep. Tauscher
Ellen Tauscher
(1951–2019)
Democratic California's 10th January 3, 1997
June 26, 2009
Resigned to become Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security Affairs
Rep. Capps
Lois Capps
(born 1938)
Democratic California's 22nd March 10, 1998
January 3, 2003
Redistricted
California's 23rd January 3, 2003
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
California's 24th January 3, 2013
January 3, 2017
Retired
Succeeded her husband
Rep. Bono Mack
Mary Bono
(born 1961)
Republican California's 44th April 7, 1998
January 3, 2003
Redistricted
California's 45th January 3, 2003
January 3, 2013
Lost reelection
Succeeded her husband
Rep. Lee
Barbara Lee
(born 1946)
Democratic California's 9th April 7, 1998
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
California's 13th January 3, 2013
present
Rep. Wilson
Heather Wilson
(born 1960)
Republican New Mexico's 1st June 25, 1998
January 3, 2009
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Republican nomination for the 2008 United States Senate election in New Mexico
Later became Secretary of the Air Force
Rep. Baldwin
Tammy Baldwin
(born 1962)
Democratic Wisconsin's 2nd January 3, 1999
January 3, 2013
Retired to run successfully for the 2012 United States Senate election in Wisconsin
Rep. Berkley
Shelley Berkley
(born 1951)
Democratic Nevada's 1st January 3, 1999
January 3, 2013
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the 2012 United States Senate election in Nevada
Rep. Biggert
Judy Biggert
(born 1937)
Republican Illinois's 13th January 3, 1999
January 3, 2013
Lost reelection
Rep. Napolitano
Grace Napolitano
(born 1936)
Democratic California's 34th January 3, 1999
January 3, 2003
Redistricted
California's 38th January 3, 2003
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
California's 32nd January 3, 2013
present
Rep. Schakowsky
Jan Schakowsky
(born 1944)
Democratic Illinois's 9th January 3, 1999
present
Rep. Tubbs Jones
Stephanie Tubbs Jones
(1949–2008)
Democratic Ohio's 11th January 3, 1999
August 20, 2008
Died in office
Rep. Davis
Jo Ann Davis
(1950–2007)
Republican Virginia's 1st January 3, 2001
October 6, 2007
Died in office
Rep. Davis
Susan Davis
(born 1944)
Democratic California's 49th January 3, 2001
January 3, 2003
Redistricted
California's 53rd January 3, 2003
present
Rep. Hart
Melissa Hart
(born 1962)
Republican Pennsylvania's 4th January 3, 2001
January 3, 2007
Lost reelection
Rep. McCollum
Betty McCollum
(born 1954)
Democratic Minnesota's 4th January 3, 2001
present
Rep. Moore-Capito
Shelley Moore-Capito
(born 1953)
Republican West Virginia's 2nd January 3, 2001
January 3, 2015
Retired to run successfully for the 2014 United States Senate election in West Virginia
Rep. Solis
Hilda Solis
(born 1957)
Democratic California's 31st January 3, 2001
January 3, 2003
Redistricted
California's 32nd January 3, 2003
February 24, 2009
Resigned to become United States Secretary of Labor
Rep. Watson
Diane Watson
(born 1933)
Democratic California's 32nd June 5, 2001
January 3, 2003
Redistricted
California's 33rd January 3, 2003
January 3, 2011
Retired
Previously served as United States Ambassador to Micronesia

2003 to 2012

Image Name
(lifespan)
Party District Years Notes
Rep. Blackburn
Marsha Blackburn
(born 1952)
Republican Tennessee's 7th January 3, 2003
January 3, 2019
Retired to run successfully for the 2018 United States Senate election in Tennessee
Del. Bordallo
Madeleine Bordallo
(born 1933)
Democratic Guam's at-large January 3, 2003
January 3, 2019
Lost renomination
Previously served as Lieutenant Governor of Guam
Rep. Brown-Waite
Ginny Brown-Waite
(born 1943)
Republican Florida's 5th January 3, 2003
January 3, 2011
Retired
Rep. Harris
Katherine Harris
(born 1957)
Republican Florida's 13th January 3, 2003
January 3, 2007
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the 2006 United States Senate election in Florida
Previously served as Florida Secretary of State
Rep. Majette
Denise Majette
(born 1955)
Democratic Georgia's 4th January 3, 2003
January 3, 2005
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the 2004 United States Senate election in Georgia
Rep. Miller
Candice Miller
(born 1954)
Republican Michigan's 10th January 3, 2003
January 1, 2017
Retired to run successfully for Public Works Commissioner of Macomb County
Previously served as Michigan Secretary of State
Rep. Musgrave
Marilyn Musgrave
(born 1949)
Republican Colorado's 4th January 3, 2003
January 3, 2009
Lost reelection
Rep. Sánchez
Linda Sánchez
(born 1969)
Democratic California's 39th January 3, 2003
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
California's 38th January 3, 2013
present
Rep. Herseth Sandlin
Stephanie Herseth-Sandlin
(born 1970)
Democratic South Dakota's at-large June 1, 2004
January 3, 2011
Lost reelection
Rep. Bean
Melissa Bean
(born 1962)
Democratic Illinois's 8th January 3, 2005
January 3, 2011
Lost reelection
Rep. Drake
Thelma Drake
(born 1949)
Republican Virginia's 2nd January 3, 2005
January 3, 2009
Lost reelection
Rep. Foxx
Virginia Foxx
(born 1944)
Republican North Carolina's 5th January 3, 2005
present
Rep. McMorris Rodgers
Cathy McMorris-Rodgers
(born 1969)
Republican Washington's 5th January 3, 2005
present
Rep. Moore
Gwen Moore
(born 1951)
Democratic Wisconsin's 4th January 3, 2005
present
Rep. Schwartz
Allyson Schwartz
(born 1948)
Democratic Pennsylvania's 13th January 3, 2005
January 3, 2015
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Democratic nomination for the 2014 Pennsylvania gubernatorial election
Rep. Wasserman-Schultz
Debbie Wasserman-Schultz
(born 1966)
Democratic Florida's 20th January 3, 2005
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
Florida's 23rd January 3, 2013
present
Rep. Matsui
Doris Matsui
(born 1944)
Democratic California's 5th March 3, 2005
January 3, 2013
Succeeded her husband
Redistricted
California's 6th January 3, 2013
present
Rep. Schmidt
Jean Schmidt
(born 1951)
Republican Ohio's 2nd September 6, 2005
January 3, 2013
Lost renomination
Rep. Sekula-Gibbs
Shelley Sekula-Gibbs
(born 1953)
Republican Texas's 22nd November 13, 2006
January 3, 2007
Lost election to full term
Rep. Bachmann
Michele Bachmann
(born 1956)
Republican Minnesota's 6th January 3, 2007
January 3, 2015
Retired
Rep. Boyda
Nancy Boyda
(born 1955)
Democratic Kansas's 2nd January 3, 2007
January 3, 2009
Lost reelection
Rep. Castor
Kathy Castor
(born 1966)
Democratic Florida's 11th January 3, 2007
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
Florida's 14th January 3, 2013
present
Rep. Clarke
Yvette Clarke
(born 1964)
Democratic New York's 11th January 3, 2007
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
New York's 9th January 3, 2013
present
Rep. Fallin
Mary Fallin
(born 1954)
Republican Oklahoma's 5th January 3, 2007
January 3, 2011
Retired to run successfully for the 2010 Oklahoma gubernatorial election
Previously served as Lieutenant Governor of Oklahoma
Rep. Giffords
Gabrielle Giffords
(born 1970)
Democratic Arizona's 8th January 3, 2007
January 25, 2012
Resigned due to the injuries of being shot in the head at close range during an assassination attempt during the 2011 Tucson shooting
Rep. Gillibrand
Kirsten Gillibrand
(born 1966)
Democratic New York's 20th January 3, 2007
January 25, 2009
Resigned to accept appointment to the United States Senate
Later ran successfully for the 2010 United States Senate special election in New York
Rep. Hirono
Mazie Hirono
(born 1947)
Democratic Hawaii's 2nd January 3, 2007
January 3, 2013
Retired to run successfully for the 2012 United States Senate election in Hawaii
Rep. Richardson
Laura Richardson
(born 1962)
Democratic California's 37th January 3, 2007
January 3, 2013
Lost reelection
Rep. Shea-Porter
Carol Shea-Porter
(born 1952)
Democratic New Hampshire's 1st January 3, 2007
January 3, 2011
Lost reelection
January 3, 2013
January 3, 2015
Lost reelection
January 3, 2017
January 3, 2019
Retired
Rep. Sutton
Betty Sutton
(born 1963)
Democratic Ohio's 13th January 3, 2007
January 3, 2013
Lost reelection
Rep. Tsongas
Niki Tsongas
(born 1946)
Democratic Massachusetts's 5th October 16, 2007
January 3, 2013
Succeeded her husband (though not immediately)
Redistricted
Massachusetts's 3rd January 3, 2013
January 3, 2019
Retired
Rep. Speier
Jackie Speier
(born 1950)
Democratic California's 12th April 8, 2008
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
California's 14th January 3, 2013
present
Rep. Edwards
Donna Edwards
(born 1958)
Democratic Maryland's 4th June 17, 2008
January 3, 2017
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Democratic nomination for the 2016 United States Senate election in Maryland
Rep. Fudge
Marcia Fudge
(born 1952)
Democratic Ohio's 11th November 18, 2008
present
Rep. Dahlkemper
Kathy Dahlkemper
(born 1957)
Democratic Pennsylvania's 3rd January 3, 2009
January 3, 2011
Lost reelection
Rep. Halvorson
Debbie Halvorson
(born 1958)
Democratic Illinois's 11th January 3, 2009
January 3, 2011
Lost reelection
Rep. Jenkins
Lynn Jenkins
(born 1963)
Republican Kansas's 2nd January 3, 2009
January 3, 2019
Retired
Previously served as Kansas Treasurer
Rep. Kilroy
Mary Jo Kilroy
(born 1949)
Democratic Ohio's 15th January 3, 2009
January 3, 2011
Lost reelection
Rep. Kirkpatrick
Ann Kirkpatrick
(born 1950)
Democratic Arizona's 1st January 3, 2009
January 3, 2011
Lost reelection
January 3, 2013
January 3, 2017
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the 2016 United States Senate election in Arizona
Arizona's 2nd January 3, 2019
present
Rep. Kosmas
Suzanne Kosmas
(born 1944)
Democratic Florida's 24th January 3, 2009
January 3, 2011
Lost reelection
Rep. Lummis
Cynthia Lummis
(born 1954)
Republican Wyoming's at-large January 3, 2009
January 3, 2017
Retired
Previously served as Wyoming Treasurer
Rep. Markey
Betsy Markey
(born 1956)
Democratic Colorado's 4th January 3, 2009
January 3, 2011
Lost reelection
Rep. Pingree
Chellie Pingree
(born 1955)
Democratic Maine's 1st January 3, 2009
present
Rep. Titus
Dina Titus
(born 1950)
Democratic Nevada's 3rd January 3, 2009
January 3, 2011
Lost reelection
Nevada's 1st January 3, 2013
present
Rep. Chu
Judy Chu
(born 1953)
Democratic California's 32nd June 19, 2009
January 3, 2013
First Chinese American woman elected
Redistricted
California's 27th January 3, 2013
present
Rep. Adams
Sandy Adams
(born 1956)
Republican Florida's 24th January 3, 2011
January 3, 2013
Lost renomination
Rep. Bass
Karen Bass
(born 1953)
Democratic California's 33rd January 3, 2011
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
California's 37th January 3, 2013
present
Rep. Black
Diane Black
(born 1951)
Republican Tennessee's 6th January 3, 2011
January 3, 2019
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Republican nomination for the 2018 Tennessee gubernatorial election
Rep. Buerkle
Ann Marie Buerkle
(born 1951)
Republican New York's 25th January 3, 2011
January 3, 2013
Lost reelection
Rep. Ellmers
Renee Ellmers
(born 1964)
Republican North Carolina's 2nd January 3, 2011
January 3, 2017
Lost renomination
Rep. Hanabusa
Colleen Hanabusa
(born 1951)
Democratic Hawaii's 1st January 3, 2011
January 3, 2015
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Democratic nomination for the 2014 United States Senate special election in Hawaii
November 14, 2016
January 3, 2019
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Democratic nomination for the 2018 Hawaii gubernatorial election
Rep. Hartzler
Vicky Hartzler
(born 1960)
Republican Missouri's 4th January 3, 2011
present
Rep. Hayworth
Nan Hayworth
(born 1959)
Republican New York's 19th January 3, 2011
January 3, 2013
Lost reelection
Rep. Herrera Beutler
Jaime Herrera-Beutler
(born 1978)
Republican Washington's 3rd January 3, 2011
present
Rep. Noem
Kristi Noem
(born 1971)
Republican South Dakota's at-large January 3, 2011
January 3, 2019
Retired to run successfully for the 2018 South Dakota gubernatorial election
Rep. Roby
Martha Roby
(born 1976)
Republican Alabama's 2nd January 3, 2011
present
Rep. Sewell
Terri Sewell
(born 1965)
Democratic Alabama's 7th January 3, 2011
present
Rep. Wilson
Frederica Wilson
(born 1942)
Democratic Florida's 17th January 3, 2011
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
Florida's 24th January 3, 2013
present
Rep. Hochul
Kathy Hochul
(born 1958)
Democratic New York's 26th June 1, 2011
January 3, 2013
Lost reelection
Later became Lieutenant Governor of New York
Rep. Hahn
Janice Hahn
(born 1952)
Democratic California's 36th July 12, 2011
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
California's 44th January 3, 2013
December 4, 2016
Retired to run successfully for Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors
Rep. Bonamici
Suzanne Bonamici
(born 1954)
Democratic Oregon's 1st January 21, 2012
present
Rep. DelBene
Suzan DelBene
(born 1962)
Democratic Washington's 1st November 6, 2012
present

2013 to present

Image Name
(lifespan)
Party District Years Notes
Rep. Beatty
Joyce Beatty
(born 1950)
Democratic Ohio's 3rd January 3, 2013
present
Rep. Brooks
Susan Brooks
(born 1960)
Republican Indiana's 5th January 3, 2013
present
Previously served as United States Attorney for the Southern District of Indiana
Rep. Brownley
Julia Brownley
(born 1952)
Democratic California's 26th January 3, 2013
present
Rep. Bustos
Cheri Bustos
(born 1961)
Democratic Illinois's 17th January 3, 2013
present
Rep. Duckworth
Tammy Duckworth
(born 1968)
Democratic Illinois's 8th January 3, 2013
January 3, 2017
Retired to run successfully for the 2016 United States Senate election in Illinois
Previously served as Assistant Secretary of Veterans Affairs for Public and Intergovernmental Affairs
Rep. Esty
Elizabeth Esty
(born 1959)
Democratic Connecticut's 5th January 3, 2013
January 3, 2019
Retired
Rep. Frankel
Lois Frankel
(born 1948)
Democratic Florida's 21st January 3, 2013
present
Rep. Gabbard
Tulsi Gabbard
(born 1981)
Democratic Hawaii's 2nd January 3, 2013
present
First Hindu elected to Congress
Rep. Lujan Grisham
Michelle Lujan-Grisham
(born 1959)
Democratic New Mexico's 1st January 3, 2013
December 31, 2018
Resigned to become Governor of New Mexico
Rep. Kuster
Ann McLane-Kuster
(born 1956)
Democratic New Hampshire's 2nd January 3, 2013
present
Rep. Meng
Grace Meng
(born 1975)
Democratic New York's 6th January 3, 2013
present
Rep. Negrete McLeod
Gloria Negrete-McLeod
(born 1941)
Democratic California's 35th January 3, 2013
January 3, 2015
Retired to run unsuccessfully for San Bernardino County Board of Supervisors
Rep. Sinema
Kyrsten Sinema
(born 1976)
Democratic Arizona's 9th January 3, 2013
January 3, 2019
Retired to run successfully for the 2018 United States Senate election in Arizona
First openly bisexual woman elected
Rep. Wagner
Ann Wagner
(born 1962)
Republican Missouri's 2nd January 3, 2013
present
Previously served as United States Ambassador to Luxembourg
Rep. Walorski
Jackie Walorski
(born 1963)
Republican Indiana's 2nd January 3, 2013
present
Rep. Kelly
Robin Kelly
(born 1956)
Democratic Illinois's 2nd April 11, 2013
present
Rep. Clark
Katherine Clark
(born 1963)
Democratic Massachusetts's 5th December 10, 2013
present
Rep. Adams
Alma Adams
(born 1946)
Democratic North Carolina's 12th November 12, 2014
present
Rep. Comstock
Barbara Comstock
(born 1959)
Republican Virginia's 10th January 3, 2015
January 3, 2019
Lost reelection
Rep. Dingell
Debbie Dingell
(born 1953)
Democratic Michigan's 12th January 3, 2015
present
Succeeded her husband
First woman to succeed her husband while he is still alive
Rep. Graham
Gwen Graham
(born 1963)
Democratic Florida's 2nd January 3, 2015
January 3, 2017
Retired
Daughter of Bob Graham
Rep. Lawrence
Brenda Lawrence
(born 1954)
Democratic Michigan's 14th January 3, 2015
present
Rep. Love
Mia Love
(born 1975)
Republican Utah's 4th January 3, 2015
January 3, 2019
Lost reelection
First African-American Republican woman elected to Congress
Rep. McSally
Martha McSally
(born 1966)
Republican Arizona's 2nd January 3, 2015
January 3, 2019
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the 2018 United States Senate election in Arizona
Later appointed to the United States Senate
Del. Plaskett
Stacey Plaskett
(born 1966)
Democratic U.S. Virgin Island's at-large January 3, 2015
present
Del. Radewagen
Amata Radewagen
(born 1947)
Republican American Samoa's at-large January 3, 2015
present
Daughter of Peter Tali Coleman
Rep. Rice
Kathleen Rice
(born 1965)
Democratic New York's 4th January 3, 2015
present
Rep. Stefanik
Elise Stefanik
(born 1984)
Republican New York's 21st January 3, 2015
present
Rep. Torres
Norma Torres
(born 1965)
Democratic California's 35th January 3, 2015
present
Rep. Walters
Mimi Walters
(born 1962)
Republican California's 45th January 3, 2015
January 3, 2019
Lost reelection
Rep. Watson-Coleman
Bonnie Watson-Coleman
(born 1945)
Democratic New Jersey's 12th January 3, 2015
present
Rep. Barragán
Nanette Barragán
(born 1976)
Democratic California's 44th January 3, 2017
present
Rep. Rochester
Lisa Blunt-Rochester
(born 1962)
Democratic Delaware at-large January 3, 2017
present
Rep. Cheney
Liz Cheney
(born 1966)
Republican Wyoming's at-large January 3, 2017
present
Daughter of Dick Cheney
Rep. Demings
Val Demings
(born 1957)
Democratic Florida's 10th January 3, 2017
present
Del. González
Jenniffer González
(born 1976)
Republican Puerto Rico's at-large January 3, 2017
present
Rep. Jayapal
Pramila Jayapal
(born 1965)
Democratic Washington's 7th January 3, 2017
present
First Indian American woman elected
Rep. Murphy
Stephanie Murphy
(born 1978)
Democratic Florida's 7th January 3, 2017
present
First Vietnamese American woman elected
Rep. Rosen
Jacky Rosen
(born 1957)
Democratic Nevada's 3rd January 3, 2017
January 3, 2019
Retired to run successfully for the 2018 United States Senate election in Nevada
Rep. Tenney
Claudia Tenney
(born 1961)
Republican New York's 22nd January 3, 2017
January 3, 2019
Lost reelection
Rep. Handel
Karen Handel
(born 1962)
Republican Georgia's 6th June 26, 2017
January 3, 2019
Lost reelection
Previously served as Georgia Secretary of State
Rep. Lesko
Debbie Lesko
(born 1958)
Republican Arizona's 8th May 7, 2018
present
Rep. Scanlon
Mary Gay Scanlon
(born 1959)
Democratic Pennsylvania's 7th November 13, 2018
January 3, 2019
Redistricted
Pennsylvania's 5th January 3, 2019
present
Rep. Wild
Susan Wild
(born 1957)
Democratic Pennsylvania's 15th November 27, 2018
January 3, 2019
Redistricted
Pennsylvania's 7th January 3, 2019
present
Rep. Jones
Brenda Jones
(born 1959)
Democratic Michigan's 13th November 29, 2018 –
January 3, 2019
Term expired
Rep. Axne
Cindy Axne
(born 1965)
Democratic Iowa's 3rd January 3, 2019
present
Rep. Craig
Angie Craig
(born 1972)
Democratic Minnesota's 2nd January 3, 2019
present
Rep. Davids
Sharice Davids
(born 1980)
Democratic Kansas's 3rd January 3, 2019
present
One of the first two Native American women (alongside Deb Haaland) elected to Congress
Rep. Dean
Madeleine Dean
(born 1959)
Democratic Pennsylvania's 4th January 3, 2019
present
Rep. Escobar
Veronica Escobar
(born 1969)
Democratic Texas's 16th January 3, 2019
present
Rep. Finkenauer
Abby Finkenauer
(born 1988)
Democratic Iowa's 1st January 3, 2019
present
Rep. Fletcher
Lizzie Fletcher
(born 1975)
Democratic Texas's 7th January 3, 2019
present
Rep. Garcia
Sylvia Garcia
(born 1950)
Democratic Texas's 29th January 3, 2019
present
Rep. Haaland
Deb Haaland
(born 1960)
Democratic New Mexico's 1st January 3, 2019
present
One of the first two Native American women (alongside Sharice Davids) elected to Congress
Rep. Hayes
Jahana Hayes
(born 1973)
Democratic Connecticut's 5th January 3, 2019
present
Rep. Hill
Katie Hill
(born 1987)
Democratic California's 25th January 3, 2019
present
Rep. Horn
Kendra Horn
(born 1976)
Democratic Oklahoma's 5th January 3, 2019
present
Rep. Houlahan
Chrissy Houlahan
(born 1968)
Democratic Pennsylvania's 6th January 3, 2019
present
Rep. Lee
Susie Lee
(born 1966)
Democratic Nevada's 3rd January 3, 2019
present
Rep. Luria
Elaine Luria
(born 1975)
Democratic Virginia's 2nd January 3, 2019
present
Rep. McBath
Lucy McBath
(born 1960)
Democratic Georgia's 6th January 3, 2019
present
Rep. Miller
Carol Miller
(born 1950)
Republican West Virginia's 3rd January 3, 2019
present
Daughter of Samuel L. Devine
Rep. Mucarsel-Powell
Debbie Mucarsel-Powell
(born 1971)
Democratic Florida's 26th January 3, 2019
present
Rep. Ocasio-Cortez
Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez
(born 1989)
Democratic New York's 14th January 3, 2019
present
Youngest woman elected to Congress (at age 29)
Rep. Omar
Ilhan Omar
(born 1981)
Democratic Minnesota's 5th January 3, 2019
present
One of the first two Muslim women (alongside Rashida Tlaib) and first Somali American elected to Congress
Rep. Porter
Katie Porter
(born 1974)
Democratic California's 45th January 3, 2019
present
Rep. Presley
Ayanna Pressley
(born 1974)
Democratic Massachusetts's 7th January 3, 2019
present
Rep. Schrier
Kim Schrier
(born 1968)
Democratic Washington's 8th January 3, 2019
present
Rep. Shalala
Donna Shalala
(born 1941)
Democratic Florida's 27th January 3, 2019
present
Previously served as United States Secretary of Health and Human Services
Rep. Sherrill
Mikie Sherrill
(born 1972)
Democratic New Jersey's 11th January 3, 2019
present
Rep. Slotkin
Elissa Slotkin
(born 1976)
Democratic Michigan's 8th January 3, 2019
present
Rep. Spanberger
Abigail Spanberger
(born 1979)
Democratic Virginia's 7th January 3, 2019
present
Rep. Stevens
Haley Stevens
(born 1983)
Democratic Michigan's 11th January 3, 2019
present
Rep. Tlaib
Rashida Tlaib
(born 1976)
Democratic Michigan's 13th January 3, 2019
present
One of the first two Muslim women (alongside Ilhan Omar) and the first Palestinian-American woman elected to Congress
Rep. Torres Small
Xochitl Torres Small
(born 1984)
Democratic New Mexico's 2nd January 3, 2019
present
Rep. Trahan
Lori Trahan
(born 1973)
Democratic Massachusetts's 3rd January 3, 2019
present
Rep. Underwood
Lauren Underwood
(born 1986)
Democratic Illinois's 14th January 3, 2019
present
Rep. Wexton
Jennifer Wexton
(born 1968)
Democratic Virginia's 10th January 3, 2019
present

Pregnancies

There have been ten female members of the House of Representatives who were pregnant and gave birth at least once during their tenure (one member three times).[27]

See also

References

  1. ^ http://cawp.rutgers.edu/women-us-house-representatives-2019
  2. ^ "RANKIN, Jeannette - US House of Representatives: History, Art & Archives". history.house.gov.
  3. ^ "Florence Prag Kahn". www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org.
  4. ^ Mariotti, Renato (November 26, 2013). "Rep. Vera Buchanan dies in office, Nov. 26, 1955". Politico. Retrieved April 12, 2018.
  5. ^ "August House Publishers - Atlanta - Children's Book Publisher". August House Publishers - Atlanta - Children's Book Publisher.
  6. ^ "New Patterns - US House of Representatives: History, Art & Archives".
  7. ^ "Update: First woman to wear pants on House floor, Rep. Charlotte Reid". Washington Post.
  8. ^ "CHISHOLM, Shirley Anita - US House of Representatives: History, Art & Archives". history.house.gov.
  9. ^ "Women in Government: A Slim Past, But a Strong Future". Ebony: 89–92, 96–98. August 1977.
  10. ^ "BURKE, Yvonne Brathwaite | US House of Representatives: History, Art & Archives". history.house.gov. Retrieved May 4, 2016.
  11. ^ Michelle Cottle, ed. (April 19, 2018). "Congress Can't Give Up Tradition". The Atlantic. Retrieved April 27, 2018.
  12. ^ "Ileana Ros-Lehtinen".
  13. ^ Press, The Associated. "Tommy vs. Tammy rages on: Senate race down to the wire".
  14. ^ "Tammy Baldwin". Biography.
  15. ^ "Tammy Baldwin - Candidate for U.S. President, Republican Nomination - Election 2012". WSJ.com.
  16. ^ Jon M. Shepard (January 1, 2012). Cengage Advantage Books: Sociology. Cengage Learning. pp. 293–. ISBN 978-1-133-71002-8.
  17. ^ Blumberg, Antonia (March 7, 2018). "Nancy Pelosi Donates Historic Speaker's Gavel To The Smithsonian For Women's History Month". Huffington Post – via Huff Post.
  18. ^ "Women in U.S. House get new restroom near chamber". USA Today. July 21, 2011.
  19. ^ "Hindu-American Tulsi Gabbard wins Democratic primary in Hawaii". The Economic Times. August 12, 2012.
  20. ^ Stephen Prothero (January 3, 2013). "Column: A Hindu moment for Congress". Usatoday.com. Retrieved April 27, 2018.
  21. ^ Edmondson, Catie; Lee, Jasmine C. (November 28, 2018). "Meet the New Freshmen in Congress". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 11, 2019.
  22. ^ The 2018 Midterms, In 4 Charts. FiveThirtyEight. By Rachael Dottle, Ella Koeze and Julia Wolfe. Nov. 13, 2018.
  23. ^ Women candidates for Congress 1974 - 2018. Center for American Women and Politics. There are separate columns for House and Senate numbers by election. Party and seat summary for major party nominees.
  24. ^ Manning, Jennifer E.; Brudnick, Ida A. (April 9, 2019). Women in Congress, 1917-2019: Service Dates and Committee Assignments by Member, and Lists by State and Congress (PDF). Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service. Retrieved 27 April 2019.
  25. ^ "The U.S. Made Zero Progress in Adding Women to Congress".
  26. ^ Parker, Ashley (April 12, 2018). "First Day of 113th Congress Brings More Women to Capitol" – via NYTimes.com.
  27. ^ Akers, Mary Ann (November 20, 2008). "Rep. Linda Sanchez Expecting a Baby". Washington Post.
  28. ^ Foster, David (November 19, 1995). "Ambitious Couple Thrived on Passion for Politics, Each Other : Congress: Enid Greene and Joe Waldholtz seemed born for each other. But his lies over money sabotaged fairy tale, perhaps her career". Los Angeles Times. Associated Press.
  29. ^ "Susan Molinari". womenincongress.house.gov.
  30. ^ Geranios, Nicholas K. (April 21, 2007). "Baby in the House: Pregnant congresswoman due to give birth next month". San Diego Union Tribune. Associated Press.
  31. ^ "It's A Boy". Spokesman Review. April 30, 2007.
  32. ^ "Son Born to New York Congresswoman". New York Times. Associated Press. May 16, 2008.
  33. ^ Woster, Kevin (December 16, 2008). "Something we can all agree on: Congratulations!". Rapid City Journal.
  34. ^ Akers, Mary Ann (May 13, 2009). "New Mama in the House: Linda Sanchez". Washington Post.
  35. ^ Barone, Michael; Chuck McCutcheon (2011). "Washington/Fifth District". The Almanac of American Politics (2012 ed.). University of Chicago Press, National Journal Group, Inc. pp. 1716–1718. ISBN 978-0-226-03808-7.
  36. ^ "Republican Rep. Jaime Herrera Beutler celebrates 'miracle' baby girl born with Potter's sequence". New York Daily News. July 29, 2013.
  37. ^ Korte, Gregory (November 25, 2013). "Rep sets congressional record -- mom x 3". USA Today. Retrieved November 23, 2014.
  38. ^ Skiba, Katherine (November 20, 2014). "Rep. Tammy Duckworth gives birth to daughter". Chicago Tribune.
  39. ^ Dake, Lauren (May 19, 2016). "Herrera Beutler gives birth to baby boy". The Columbian. Retrieved December 28, 2018.

External links

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