To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Languages
Recent
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

Old Brick Capitol

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Old Brick Capitol
Part of American Civil War prison camps
The former Old Brick Capitol building serving as a prison during the American Civil War, 1861-1865
TypeUnited States Capitol (1815–1819)
Union Prison Camp (1861–1865)
Site information
OwnerU.S. federal government
Controlled byUnion Army
Open to
the public
No
Site history
Built1815
In use1815–1819
1861–1867
Materialsbrick
Demolished1929
Battles/warsAmerican Civil War
Garrison information
OccupantsUnion soldiers, Confederate prisoners of war, political prisoners, spies, Union officers convicted of insubordination, and local D.C. prostitutes

The Old Brick Capitol in Washington, D.C., served as the temporary meeting place of the Congress of the United States from 1815 to 1819, while the Capitol Building was rebuilt after the burning of Washington.

"Old Brick" served as a private school, a boarding house, and, during the American Civil War, a prison known as the Old Capitol Prison. It was demolished in 1929, and its site is now occupied by the U.S. Supreme Court building.

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/5
    Views:
    9 313
    2 067
    490 888
    1 726
    1 087
  • Illinois Adventure #1406 "Old State Capitol"
  • Capitol View History - A Look into a DC Neighborhood
  • When The Brits Burned Down The White House | War Of 1812 Documentary | Timeline
  • Saint Paul History: Second Capitol, 1883
  • Nebraska State Capitol Exterior Restoration

Transcription

DESPITE THIS NEW BUILDING, THE ILLINOIS LEGISLATURE WOULD VOTE IN 1837 TO MOVE THE CAP TOL FROM ILLINOIS LEGISLATURE WOULD VOTE IN 1837 TO MOVE THE CAP TOL FROM VIRGINIA TO CENTRALIZED LOCATION IN 1837 TO MOVE THE CAP TOL FROM VIRGINIA TO CENTRALIZED LOCATION TO SPRINGFIELD. VIRGINIA TO CENTRALIZED LOCATION TO SPRINGFIELD. AMONG THE MEMBERS OF THE TO SPRINGFIELD. AMONG THE MEMBERS OF THE ASSEMBLY IS ASPIRING LAWYER FROM AMONG THE MEMBERS OF THE ASSEMBLY IS ASPIRING LAWYER FROM NEW SALEM. ASSEMBLY IS ASPIRING LAWYER FROM NEW SALEM. HI, I AM JIM WILHELM. NEW SALEM. HI, I AM JIM WILHELM. BEHIND ME IS ILLINOIS' FIFTH HI, I AM JIM WILHELM. BEHIND ME IS ILLINOIS' FIFTH STATEHOUSE, INSIDE OF WHICH THE BEHIND ME IS ILLINOIS' FIFTH STATEHOUSE, INSIDE OF WHICH THE CAREER AND REPUTATION OF ABRAHAM STATEHOUSE, INSIDE OF WHICH THE CAREER AND REPUTATION OF ABRAHAM LINCOLN GREW. CAREER AND REPUTATION OF ABRAHAM LINCOLN GREW. AT THE TIME THIS BUILDING LINCOLN GREW. AT THE TIME THIS BUILDING OPENED, IT WAS THE LARGEST AT THE TIME THIS BUILDING OPENED, IT WAS THE LARGEST STRUCTURE IN THIS FRONTIER STATE OPENED, IT WAS THE LARGEST STRUCTURE IN THIS FRONTIER STATE CHARACTERISTIC OF THE THEN STRUCTURE IN THIS FRONTIER STATE CHARACTERISTIC OF THE THEN POPULAR GREEK REVIVAL STYLE, THE CHARACTERISTIC OF THE THEN POPULAR GREEK REVIVAL STYLE, THE CAPITOL HAS SIMPLE LINES AND POPULAR GREEK REVIVAL STYLE, THE CAPITOL HAS SIMPLE LINES AND SYMMETRICAL DESIGN. CAPITOL HAS SIMPLE LINES AND SYMMETRICAL DESIGN. IT IS THOUGHT THAT THE EXTERIOR SYMMETRICAL DESIGN. IT IS THOUGHT THAT THE EXTERIOR WALLS WERE TO HAVE BEEN COVERED IT IS THOUGHT THAT THE EXTERIOR WALLS WERE TO HAVE BEEN COVERED IN BRICK. BUT WHEN THESE STONES WALLS WERE TO HAVE BEEN COVERED IN BRICK. BUT WHEN THESE STONES ARRIVED FOR THE FOUNDATION, IN BRICK. BUT WHEN THESE STONES ARRIVED FOR THE FOUNDATION, THEIR RUGGED BEAUTY CHANGED THE ARRIVED FOR THE FOUNDATION, THEIR RUGGED BEAUTY CHANGED THE ARCHITECT'S MIND. THEIR RUGGED BEAUTY CHANGED THE ARCHITECT'S MIND. INSIDE THE SPACIOUS INTERIOR ARCHITECT'S MIND. INSIDE THE SPACIOUS INTERIOR HOUSED THE OFFICES, STAFFS, AND INSIDE THE SPACIOUS INTERIOR HOUSED THE OFFICES, STAFFS, AND OFFICIALS OF THE STATE OF HOUSED THE OFFICES, STAFFS, AND OFFICIALS OF THE STATE OF ILLINOIS. OFFICIALS OF THE STATE OF ILLINOIS. IN SHORT, ALL THE BUSINESS OF ILLINOIS. IN SHORT, ALL THE BUSINESS OF THE STATE WAS CONDUCTED UNDER IN SHORT, ALL THE BUSINESS OF THE STATE WAS CONDUCTED UNDER ONE ROOF. THE STATE WAS CONDUCTED UNDER ONE ROOF. OH, AND BESIDES LINCOLN, THIS ONE ROOF. OH, AND BESIDES LINCOLN, THIS BUILDING HAS A CONNECTION WITH OH, AND BESIDES LINCOLN, THIS BUILDING HAS A CONNECTION WITH ANOTHER FUTURE PRESIDENT. ON THE MAIN FLOOR WERE THE DEPARTMENTS THAT PRIMARILY HANDLED THE DAILY AFFAIRS OF THE DEPARTMENTS THAT PRIMARILY HANDLED THE DAILY AFFAIRS OF THE STATE, SUCH AS THE AUDITOR'S HANDLED THE DAILY AFFAIRS OF THE STATE, SUCH AS THE AUDITOR'S OFFICE. STATE, SUCH AS THE AUDITOR'S OFFICE. INTO THIS LARGE ROOM CAME THE OFFICE. INTO THIS LARGE ROOM CAME THE FINANCIAL RECORDS OF EACH COUNTY INTO THIS LARGE ROOM CAME THE FINANCIAL RECORDS OF EACH COUNTY WHICH WERE THEN HAND COPIED BY FINANCIAL RECORDS OF EACH COUNTY WHICH WERE THEN HAND COPIED BY CLERKS INTO LARGER MORE WHICH WERE THEN HAND COPIED BY CLERKS INTO LARGER MORE PERMANENT LEDGER BOOKS. CLERKS INTO LARGER MORE PERMANENT LEDGER BOOKS. MOST OF THE FURNISHINGS IN THESE PERMANENT LEDGER BOOKS. MOST OF THE FURNISHINGS IN THESE ROOMS ARE REPRODUCTIONS OR OF MOST OF THE FURNISHINGS IN THESE ROOMS ARE REPRODUCTIONS OR OF THE PERIOD BECAUSE IN 1876 WHEN ROOMS ARE REPRODUCTIONS OR OF THE PERIOD BECAUSE IN 1876 WHEN THE CAPITOL WAS MOVED AGAIN, THE PERIOD BECAUSE IN 1876 WHEN THE CAPITOL WAS MOVED AGAIN, THIS TIME TO ITS PRESENT THE CAPITOL WAS MOVED AGAIN, THIS TIME TO ITS PRESENT LOCATION, MOST OF THE ITEMS WERE THIS TIME TO ITS PRESENT LOCATION, MOST OF THE ITEMS WERE SOLD AT AUCTION. LOCATION, MOST OF THE ITEMS WERE SOLD AT AUCTION. BUT SOME HAVE RETURNED, SUCH AS SOLD AT AUCTION. BUT SOME HAVE RETURNED, SUCH AS THIS DESK THAT WAS USED BY OLIN BUT SOME HAVE RETURNED, SUCH AS THIS DESK THAT WAS USED BY OLIN MINOR WHEN HE WAS STATE AUDITOR THIS DESK THAT WAS USED BY OLIN MINOR WHEN HE WAS STATE AUDITOR IN 1864. MINOR WHEN HE WAS STATE AUDITOR IN 1864. ANOTHER INTERESTING PIECE IS IN 1864. ANOTHER INTERESTING PIECE IS THIS LARGE UNIT AGAINST THE ANOTHER INTERESTING PIECE IS THIS LARGE UNIT AGAINST THE WALL. THIS LARGE UNIT AGAINST THE WALL. IT IS A FILING CABINET WHOSE WALL. IT IS A FILING CABINET WHOSE DRAWERS LOOK MORE LIKE GRAIN IT IS A FILING CABINET WHOSE DRAWERS LOOK MORE LIKE GRAIN SCOOPS FROM A KITCHEN. DRAWERS LOOK MORE LIKE GRAIN SCOOPS FROM A KITCHEN. >> IT IS HARD TO IMAGINE NOW, SCOOPS FROM A KITCHEN. >> IT IS HARD TO IMAGINE NOW, BUT BACK IN THOSE DAYS, THIS WAS >> IT IS HARD TO IMAGINE NOW, BUT BACK IN THOSE DAYS, THIS WAS A NOISY, SMELLY PLACE TO WORK. BUT BACK IN THOSE DAYS, THIS WAS A NOISY, SMELLY PLACE TO WORK. MUD AND MANURE WAS TRACKED IN A NOISY, SMELLY PLACE TO WORK. MUD AND MANURE WAS TRACKED IN FROM THE UNPAVED STREETS. MUD AND MANURE WAS TRACKED IN FROM THE UNPAVED STREETS. OUTSIDE, ANIMALS ROAMED FREE, FROM THE UNPAVED STREETS. OUTSIDE, ANIMALS ROAMED FREE, AND IN THE SUMMER, DUST FLEW IN OUTSIDE, ANIMALS ROAMED FREE, AND IN THE SUMMER, DUST FLEW IN THROUGH THE OPEN WINDOWS WHICH AND IN THE SUMMER, DUST FLEW IN THROUGH THE OPEN WINDOWS WHICH HAD NO SCREENS. THROUGH THE OPEN WINDOWS WHICH HAD NO SCREENS. BUT ONE SERENE AREA MIGHT HAVE HAD NO SCREENS. BUT ONE SERENE AREA MIGHT HAVE BEEN NEXT DOOR IN A ROOM THAT BUT ONE SERENE AREA MIGHT HAVE BEEN NEXT DOOR IN A ROOM THAT FOR A TIME FILLED SEVERAL BEEN NEXT DOOR IN A ROOM THAT FOR A TIME FILLED SEVERAL PURPOSES. FOR A TIME FILLED SEVERAL PURPOSES. THIS WAS THE DISPLAY ROOM FOR PURPOSES. THIS WAS THE DISPLAY ROOM FOR THE STATE MUSEUM. THIS WAS THE DISPLAY ROOM FOR THE STATE MUSEUM. IT ALSO HOUSED A COLLECTION THAT THE STATE MUSEUM. IT ALSO HOUSED A COLLECTION THAT WILL BECOME THE STATE LAW IT ALSO HOUSED A COLLECTION THAT WILL BECOME THE STATE LAW LIBRARY. WILL BECOME THE STATE LAW LIBRARY. BOOKS WERE A VALUABLE COMMODITY LIBRARY. BOOKS WERE A VALUABLE COMMODITY BACK IN THE EARLY DAYS. BOOKS WERE A VALUABLE COMMODITY BACK IN THE EARLY DAYS. PEOPLE WERE BORROWING BOOKS AND BACK IN THE EARLY DAYS. PEOPLE WERE BORROWING BOOKS AND NOT RETURNING THEM. PEOPLE WERE BORROWING BOOKS AND NOT RETURNING THEM. IN 1842 THE LIBRARY BEGAN TO NOT RETURNING THEM. IN 1842 THE LIBRARY BEGAN TO REQUIRE ATTORNEYS AND STATE IN 1842 THE LIBRARY BEGAN TO REQUIRE ATTORNEYS AND STATE OFFICIALS TO SIGN FOR THE BOOKS REQUIRE ATTORNEYS AND STATE OFFICIALS TO SIGN FOR THE BOOKS THAT THEY BORROWED. OFFICIALS TO SIGN FOR THE BOOKS THAT THEY BORROWED. IT IS BELIEVED ONE OF THE FIRST THAT THEY BORROWED. IT IS BELIEVED ONE OF THE FIRST PEOPLE TO DO SO WAS A LINCOLN. IT IS BELIEVED ONE OF THE FIRST PEOPLE TO DO SO WAS A LINCOLN. ACROSS THE HALL IS ANOTHER ROOM PEOPLE TO DO SO WAS A LINCOLN. ACROSS THE HALL IS ANOTHER ROOM THAT FIGURED PROMINENTLY DURING ACROSS THE HALL IS ANOTHER ROOM THAT FIGURED PROMINENTLY DURING LINCOLN'S CAREER IN WHICH HIS THAT FIGURED PROMINENTLY DURING LINCOLN'S CAREER IN WHICH HIS REPUTATION AMONG HIS PEERS WOULD LINCOLN'S CAREER IN WHICH HIS REPUTATION AMONG HIS PEERS WOULD GROW. REPUTATION AMONG HIS PEERS WOULD GROW. THIS IS THE ILLINOIS SUPREME GROW. THIS IS THE ILLINOIS SUPREME COURT ROOM WHERE LINCOLN AND HIS THIS IS THE ILLINOIS SUPREME COURT ROOM WHERE LINCOLN AND HIS FIRM HANDLED CASES MOST COURT ROOM WHERE LINCOLN AND HIS FIRM HANDLED CASES MOST SUCCESSFULLY. FIRM HANDLED CASES MOST SUCCESSFULLY. >> THE SUPREME COURT MET EACH SUCCESSFULLY. >> THE SUPREME COURT MET EACH DECEMBER AFTER THE CIRCUIT COURT >> THE SUPREME COURT MET EACH DECEMBER AFTER THE CIRCUIT COURT CONVENED. DECEMBER AFTER THE CIRCUIT COURT CONVENED. THERE WAS NO APPELLATE COURT IN CONVENED. THERE WAS NO APPELLATE COURT IN THOSE DAYS. THERE WAS NO APPELLATE COURT IN THOSE DAYS. THE CASES HEARD HERE CAME FROM THOSE DAYS. THE CASES HEARD HERE CAME FROM DIRECTLY FROM CIRCUIT COURT. THE CASES HEARD HERE CAME FROM DIRECTLY FROM CIRCUIT COURT. THE JUMP OF JUSTICES CHANGED DIRECTLY FROM CIRCUIT COURT. THE JUMP OF JUSTICES CHANGED OVER THE YEARS. THE JUMP OF JUSTICES CHANGED OVER THE YEARS. IN 1841 THE NUMBER WAS SET AT OVER THE YEARS. IN 1841 THE NUMBER WAS SET AT NINE, AND THEY WERE SELECTED BY IN 1841 THE NUMBER WAS SET AT NINE, AND THEY WERE SELECTED BY THE LEGISLATURE. NINE, AND THEY WERE SELECTED BY THE LEGISLATURE. IT IS THOUGHT THEY SAT AGAINST THE LEGISLATURE. IT IS THOUGHT THEY SAT AGAINST THIS WALL. IT IS THOUGHT THEY SAT AGAINST THIS WALL. ONE OF THE NEWLY APPOINTED THIS WALL. ONE OF THE NEWLY APPOINTED JUSTICES WOULD BECOME ILLINOIS' ONE OF THE NEWLY APPOINTED JUSTICES WOULD BECOME ILLINOIS' MOST POWERFUL POLITICIAN, JUSTICES WOULD BECOME ILLINOIS' MOST POWERFUL POLITICIAN, STEPHEN DOUGLAS. MOST POWERFUL POLITICIAN, STEPHEN DOUGLAS. SEVEN YEARS LATER CONCERNED OVER STEPHEN DOUGLAS. SEVEN YEARS LATER CONCERNED OVER THE LEGISLATURE'S INFLUENCE LED SEVEN YEARS LATER CONCERNED OVER THE LEGISLATURE'S INFLUENCE LED TO NEW STATE CONSTITUTION. THE LEGISLATURE'S INFLUENCE LED TO NEW STATE CONSTITUTION. THE JUSTICES WERE NOW ELECTED, TO NEW STATE CONSTITUTION. THE JUSTICES WERE NOW ELECTED, AND THEIR NUMBER REDUCED TO THE JUSTICES WERE NOW ELECTED, AND THEIR NUMBER REDUCED TO THREE REPRESENTING THE NORTHERN, AND THEIR NUMBER REDUCED TO THREE REPRESENTING THE NORTHERN, CENTRAL, AND SOUTHERN SECTIONS THREE REPRESENTING THE NORTHERN, CENTRAL, AND SOUTHERN SECTIONS OF THE STATE. THIS IS THE ROOM WHERE THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES MET. AND AT ONE TIME IT WAS THE OF REPRESENTATIVES MET. AND AT ONE TIME IT WAS THE LARGEST ROOM IN TOWN. AND AT ONE TIME IT WAS THE LARGEST ROOM IN TOWN. BACK IN THOSE DAYS, LARGEST ROOM IN TOWN. BACK IN THOSE DAYS, REPRESENTATIVES ONLY MET EVERY BACK IN THOSE DAYS, REPRESENTATIVES ONLY MET EVERY OTHER YEAR, AND THEY ONLY MET IN REPRESENTATIVES ONLY MET EVERY OTHER YEAR, AND THEY ONLY MET IN THE WINTER MONTHS AFTER THE OTHER YEAR, AND THEY ONLY MET IN THE WINTER MONTHS AFTER THE FARMING SEASON. THE WINTER MONTHS AFTER THE FARMING SEASON. WHEN NOT IN USE, THE DESKS WERE FARMING SEASON. WHEN NOT IN USE, THE DESKS WERE CLEARED AND THIS ROOM WAS SORT WHEN NOT IN USE, THE DESKS WERE CLEARED AND THIS ROOM WAS SORT AFTER CIVIC CENTER, HOSTING CLEARED AND THIS ROOM WAS SORT AFTER CIVIC CENTER, HOSTING DANCES, CHURCH MEETINGS, AFTER CIVIC CENTER, HOSTING DANCES, CHURCH MEETINGS, RECITALS, AND FLOWER SHOWS. DANCES, CHURCH MEETINGS, RECITALS, AND FLOWER SHOWS. ORIGINAL TO THE ROOM IS LARGE RECITALS, AND FLOWER SHOWS. ORIGINAL TO THE ROOM IS LARGE PAR PORTRAIT OF WASHINGTON OVER ORIGINAL TO THE ROOM IS LARGE PAR PORTRAIT OF WASHINGTON OVER THE PODIUM. PAR PORTRAIT OF WASHINGTON OVER THE PODIUM. AFTER THIS BUILDING WAS OPENED, THE PODIUM. AFTER THIS BUILDING WAS OPENED, THEY DECIDED TO SEND A ARTIST TO AFTER THIS BUILDING WAS OPENED, THEY DECIDED TO SEND A ARTIST TO WASHINGTON D.C. TO MAKE COPIES THEY DECIDED TO SEND A ARTIST TO WASHINGTON D.C. TO MAKE COPIES OF PICTURES THAT HUNG IN THE WASHINGTON D.C. TO MAKE COPIES OF PICTURES THAT HUNG IN THE HOUSE CHAMBER. OF PICTURES THAT HUNG IN THE HOUSE CHAMBER. THIS IS ONE OF THEM. HOUSE CHAMBER. THIS IS ONE OF THEM. THE OTHER IS OFLA FAYETTE, WHICH THIS IS ONE OF THEM. THE OTHER IS OFLA FAYETTE, WHICH STILL HANGS ACROSS THE HALL IN THE OTHER IS OFLA FAYETTE, WHICH STILL HANGS ACROSS THE HALL IN THE SENATE CHAMBER. STILL HANGS ACROSS THE HALL IN THE SENATE CHAMBER. THAT ARTIST WAS PAID $1,500 THE SENATE CHAMBER. THAT ARTIST WAS PAID $1,500 WHICH INTERESTINGLY WAS $300 THAT ARTIST WAS PAID $1,500 WHICH INTERESTINGLY WAS $300 MORE THAN LINCOLN WOULD PAY FOR WHICH INTERESTINGLY WAS $300 MORE THAN LINCOLN WOULD PAY FOR HIS FIRST HOME FOUR YEARS LATER. MORE THAN LINCOLN WOULD PAY FOR HIS FIRST HOME FOUR YEARS LATER. ALSO ORIGINAL TO THIS ROOM IS HIS FIRST HOME FOUR YEARS LATER. ALSO ORIGINAL TO THIS ROOM IS THIS DESK BOUGHT WHEN THE ALSO ORIGINAL TO THIS ROOM IS THIS DESK BOUGHT WHEN THE FURNITURE WAS AUTHORIZED, IT IS THIS DESK BOUGHT WHEN THE FURNITURE WAS AUTHORIZED, IT IS BELIEVED TO HAVE BEEN USED BY FURNITURE WAS AUTHORIZED, IT IS BELIEVED TO HAVE BEEN USED BY LINCOLN. BELIEVED TO HAVE BEEN USED BY LINCOLN. NCOLN ENDED HIS STATE ELECTED LINCOLN. NCOLN ENDED HIS STATE ELECTED CAREER IN THIS ROOM SERVING OUT NCOLN ENDED HIS STATE ELECTED CAREER IN THIS ROOM SERVING OUT HIS FOURTH AND LAST TERM AS CAREER IN THIS ROOM SERVING OUT HIS FOURTH AND LAST TERM AS STATE REPRESENTATIVE. HIS FOURTH AND LAST TERM AS STATE REPRESENTATIVE. IT WAS ALSO HIS ROAD TO THE STATE REPRESENTATIVE. IT WAS ALSO HIS ROAD TO THE WHITE HOUSE BEGAN. IT WAS ALSO HIS ROAD TO THE WHITE HOUSE BEGAN. AND IT WAS HERE THE FINAL WHITE HOUSE BEGAN. AND IT WAS HERE THE FINAL CHAPTER WAS WRITTEN. AND IT WAS HERE THE FINAL CHAPTER WAS WRITTEN. ON JUNE 16, 1858, THE ILLINOIS CHAPTER WAS WRITTEN. ON JUNE 16, 1858, THE ILLINOIS REPUBLICAN PARTY MET IN THIS ON JUNE 16, 1858, THE ILLINOIS REPUBLICAN PARTY MET IN THIS ROOM TO SELECT A CANDIDATE TO REPUBLICAN PARTY MET IN THIS ROOM TO SELECT A CANDIDATE TO RUN FOR U.S. SENATE. ROOM TO SELECT A CANDIDATE TO RUN FOR U.S. SENATE. THE CANDIDATE WOULD FACE THE RUN FOR U.S. SENATE. THE CANDIDATE WOULD FACE THE STATE'S MOST POWERFUL THE CANDIDATE WOULD FACE THE STATE'S MOST POWERFUL POLITICIAN, STEPHEN DOUGLAS. STATE'S MOST POWERFUL POLITICIAN, STEPHEN DOUGLAS. THEY CHOSE LINCOLN, AND THAT POLITICIAN, STEPHEN DOUGLAS. THEY CHOSE LINCOLN, AND THAT EVENING HE GAVE HIS ACCEPTANCE THEY CHOSE LINCOLN, AND THAT EVENING HE GAVE HIS ACCEPTANCE SPEECH. EVENING HE GAVE HIS ACCEPTANCE SPEECH. DOUGLAS WAS BEST KNOWN FOR SPEECH. DOUGLAS WAS BEST KNOWN FOR SPONSORSHIP OF THE DOUGLAS WAS BEST KNOWN FOR SPONSORSHIP OF THE KANSAS-NEBRASKA ACT WHICH WOULD SPONSORSHIP OF THE KANSAS-NEBRASKA ACT WHICH WOULD ALLOW NEW STATES TO DECIDE THE KANSAS-NEBRASKA ACT WHICH WOULD ALLOW NEW STATES TO DECIDE THE LEGALITY OF SLAVERY WITHIN THEIR ALLOW NEW STATES TO DECIDE THE LEGALITY OF SLAVERY WITHIN THEIR BORDERS. LEGALITY OF SLAVERY WITHIN THEIR BORDERS. LINCOLN WAS A ABOUT TO ADDRESS BORDERS. LINCOLN WAS A ABOUT TO ADDRESS THAT LAW IN THE NATION'S BITTER LINCOLN WAS A ABOUT TO ADDRESS THAT LAW IN THE NATION'S BITTER DIVISION. DER THIS PORTRAIT OF WASHINGTON, HE SAID "IN MY OPINION, IT WILL NOT CEASE UNTIL WASHINGTON, HE SAID "IN MY OPINION, IT WILL NOT CEASE UNTIL A CRISIS SHALL HAVE BEEN REACHED OPINION, IT WILL NOT CEASE UNTIL A CRISIS SHALL HAVE BEEN REACHED AND PASSED. A CRISIS SHALL HAVE BEEN REACHED AND PASSED. A HOUSE DIVIDED AGAINST ITSELF AND PASSED. A HOUSE DIVIDED AGAINST ITSELF CANNOT STAND. A HOUSE DIVIDED AGAINST ITSELF CANNOT STAND. I BELIEVE THIS GOVERNMENT CANNOT CANNOT STAND. I BELIEVE THIS GOVERNMENT CANNOT ENDURE PERMANENTLY HALF SLAVE I BELIEVE THIS GOVERNMENT CANNOT ENDURE PERMANENTLY HALF SLAVE AND A HALF FREE. ENDURE PERMANENTLY HALF SLAVE AND A HALF FREE. I DO NOT EXPECT THE UNION TO BE AND A HALF FREE. I DO NOT EXPECT THE UNION TO BE DISSOLVED. I DO NOT EXPECT THE UNION TO BE DISSOLVED. I DO NOT EXPECT THE HOUSE TO DISSOLVED. I DO NOT EXPECT THE HOUSE TO FALL. I DO NOT EXPECT THE HOUSE TO FALL. BUT I DO EXPECT IT WILL CEASE TO FALL. BUT I DO EXPECT IT WILL CEASE TO BE DIVIDED. BUT I DO EXPECT IT WILL CEASE TO BE DIVIDED. IT WILL BECOME ALL ONE THING OR BE DIVIDED. IT WILL BECOME ALL ONE THING OR ALL THE OTHER." THAT SPEECH WAS SEEN BY FRIENDS AND DELEGATES ALIKE AS A DISMAL FAILURE. AND DELEGATES ALIKE AS A DISMAL FAILURE. HE WENT ONTO LOOSE THAT FAILURE. HE WENT ONTO LOOSE THAT ELECTION. BUT THAT SPEECH, HE WENT ONTO LOOSE THAT ELECTION. BUT THAT SPEECH, ALONG WITH MANY OTHERS THAT HE ELECTION. BUT THAT SPEECH, ALONG WITH MANY OTHERS THAT HE GAVE DURING THE FAMOUS ALONG WITH MANY OTHERS THAT HE GAVE DURING THE FAMOUS LINCOLN-DOUGLAS DEBATES PUT HIS GAVE DURING THE FAMOUS LINCOLN-DOUGLAS DEBATES PUT HIS NAME AT THE HEAD OF HIS PARTY LINCOLN-DOUGLAS DEBATES PUT HIS NAME AT THE HEAD OF HIS PARTY AND THE NATION. NAME AT THE HEAD OF HIS PARTY AND THE NATION. IN 1865, LINCOLN'S BODY RETURNED AND THE NATION. IN 1865, LINCOLN'S BODY RETURNED TO THIS ROOM. IN 1865, LINCOLN'S BODY RETURNED TO THIS ROOM. HERE UNDER THE SAME PORTRAIT OF TO THIS ROOM. HERE UNDER THE SAME PORTRAIT OF WASHINGTON, HE LAY IN STATE. HERE UNDER THE SAME PORTRAIT OF WASHINGTON, HE LAY IN STATE. IT WOULD BE THE LAST OPPORTUNITY WASHINGTON, HE LAY IN STATE. IT WOULD BE THE LAST OPPORTUNITY FOR THE PUBLIC TO VIEW HIS IT WOULD BE THE LAST OPPORTUNITY FOR THE PUBLIC TO VIEW HIS REMAINS BEFORE BURIAL. THIS IS THE RECEPTION AREA TO THE GOVERNOR'S OFFICE. BACK IN THE TIME WHEN LINCOLN THE GOVERNOR'S OFFICE. BACK IN THE TIME WHEN LINCOLN WAS RUNNING FOR PRESIDENT, THE BACK IN THE TIME WHEN LINCOLN WAS RUNNING FOR PRESIDENT, THE CANDIDATE DIDN'T GO AROUND THE WAS RUNNING FOR PRESIDENT, THE CANDIDATE DIDN'T GO AROUND THE COUNTRY MAKING SPEECHES. CANDIDATE DIDN'T GO AROUND THE COUNTRY MAKING SPEECHES. BUT STAYED THIS ONE PLACE AND COUNTRY MAKING SPEECHES. BUT STAYED THIS ONE PLACE AND LET THE NEWSPAPER REPORTERS AND BUT STAYED THIS ONE PLACE AND LET THE NEWSPAPER REPORTERS AND PUBLIC COME TO THEM. LET THE NEWSPAPER REPORTERS AND PUBLIC COME TO THEM. SO THIS WAS THE INFORMAL PUBLIC COME TO THEM. SO THIS WAS THE INFORMAL HEADQUARTERS OF LINCOLN CAM SO THIS WAS THE INFORMAL HEADQUARTERS OF LINCOLN CAM PAPE. IT WAS ALSO ROOM THAT WAS HEADQUARTERS OF LINCOLN CAM PAPE. IT WAS ALSO ROOM THAT WAS RAPIDLY FILLING WITH GIFTS PAPE. IT WAS ALSO ROOM THAT WAS RAPIDLY FILLING WITH GIFTS BROUGHT BY WELL-WISHERS AND RAPIDLY FILLING WITH GIFTS BROUGHT BY WELL-WISHERS AND THOSE SEEKING POLITICAL FAVORS. BROUGHT BY WELL-WISHERS AND THOSE SEEKING POLITICAL FAVORS. AS WE HAVE ALREADY HINTED, THIS THOSE SEEKING POLITICAL FAVORS. AS WE HAVE ALREADY HINTED, THIS BUILDING HAS A TIE IN TO ANOTHER AS WE HAVE ALREADY HINTED, THIS BUILDING HAS A TIE IN TO ANOTHER FUTURE PRESIDENT. BUILDING HAS A TIE IN TO ANOTHER FUTURE PRESIDENT. IT COULD BE SAID HIS PATH TO THE FUTURE PRESIDENT. IT COULD BE SAID HIS PATH TO THE WHITE HOUSE BEGAN IN THIS ROOM. IT COULD BE SAID HIS PATH TO THE WHITE HOUSE BEGAN IN THIS ROOM. THIS WAS THE OFFICE OF THE AND WHITE HOUSE BEGAN IN THIS ROOM. THIS WAS THE OFFICE OF THE AND JEW TANT WHO OVERSAW THE STATE THIS WAS THE OFFICE OF THE AND JEW TANT WHO OVERSAW THE STATE MILITIA. JEW TANT WHO OVERSAW THE STATE MILITIA. AFTER THE CIVIL WAR BEGAN, IT MILITIA. AFTER THE CIVIL WAR BEGAN, IT WAS A BUSY PLACE AS GROUPS OF AFTER THE CIVIL WAR BEGAN, IT WAS A BUSY PLACE AS GROUPS OF VOLUNTEERS FROM ACROSS THE STATE WAS A BUSY PLACE AS GROUPS OF VOLUNTEERS FROM ACROSS THE STATE CAME HERE TO REGISTER FOR VOLUNTEERS FROM ACROSS THE STATE CAME HERE TO REGISTER FOR SERVICE. CAME HERE TO REGISTER FOR SERVICE. ONE OF THE PEOPLE WAS A WEST SERVICE. ONE OF THE PEOPLE WAS A WEST POINT GRAD PRIT AND MEXICAN WAR ONE OF THE PEOPLE WAS A WEST POINT GRAD PRIT AND MEXICAN WAR VETERAN. POINT GRAD PRIT AND MEXICAN WAR VETERAN. THEY WERE FROM GALENA, A MAN WHO VETERAN. THEY WERE FROM GALENA, A MAN WHO ACCOMPANIED THEM WAS ULYSSES THEY WERE FROM GALENA, A MAN WHO ACCOMPANIED THEM WAS ULYSSES GRANT. ACCOMPANIED THEM WAS ULYSSES GRANT. HE WAS ASKED TO HELP STAY AND GRANT. HE WAS ASKED TO HELP STAY AND TRAIN AND ORGANIZE AND MUSTER IN HE WAS ASKED TO HELP STAY AND TRAIN AND ORGANIZE AND MUSTER IN THE NEW TROOPS. TRAIN AND ORGANIZE AND MUSTER IN THE NEW TROOPS. HE WOULD WORK FROM A DESK UNDER THE NEW TROOPS. HE WOULD WORK FROM A DESK UNDER THE STAIRS, ALL THE WHILE HOPING HE WOULD WORK FROM A DESK UNDER THE STAIRS, ALL THE WHILE HOPING TO BE ASSIGNED A COMMAND. THE STAIRS, ALL THE WHILE HOPING TO BE ASSIGNED A COMMAND. EVENTUALLY DUE TO GOVERNOR YATES TO BE ASSIGNED A COMMAND. EVENTUALLY DUE TO GOVERNOR YATES RECOMMENDATIONS, GRANT WAS MADE EVENTUALLY DUE TO GOVERNOR YATES RECOMMENDATIONS, GRANT WAS MADE A COLONEL OF THE 21ST ILLINOIS RECOMMENDATIONS, GRANT WAS MADE A COLONEL OF THE 21ST ILLINOIS VOLUNTEERS. A COLONEL OF THE 21ST ILLINOIS VOLUNTEERS. ANYWAY, THAT WAS 1861. VOLUNTEERS. ANYWAY, THAT WAS 1861. NOW, LET'S GO BACK TO 1843 AND ANYWAY, THAT WAS 1861. NOW, LET'S GO BACK TO 1843 AND LINCOLN'S LAW CAREER. NOW, LET'S GO BACK TO 1843 AND LINCOLN'S LAW CAREER. AT THAT TIME HE WAS A JUNIOR LINCOLN'S LAW CAREER. AT THAT TIME HE WAS A JUNIOR PARTNER WITH STEPHEN LOGAN WHO AT THAT TIME HE WAS A JUNIOR PARTNER WITH STEPHEN LOGAN WHO WAS CONSIDERED ONE OF THE BEST PARTNER WITH STEPHEN LOGAN WHO WAS CONSIDERED ONE OF THE BEST ATTORNEYS IN THE STATE. WAS CONSIDERED ONE OF THE BEST ATTORNEYS IN THE STATE. IN 1843, THAT FIRM HAD JUST ATTORNEYS IN THE STATE. IN 1843, THAT FIRM HAD JUST MOVED INTO A NEW OFFICE BUILDING IN 1843, THAT FIRM HAD JUST MOVED INTO A NEW OFFICE BUILDING >> ACROSS FROM THE OLD STATE MOVED INTO A NEW OFFICE BUILDING >> ACROSS FROM THE OLD STATE CAPITOL IS THIS BUILDING ALSO >> ACROSS FROM THE OLD STATE CAPITOL IS THIS BUILDING ALSO RUN AND MAINTAINED BY THE CAPITOL IS THIS BUILDING ALSO RUN AND MAINTAINED BY THE ILLINOIS HISTORIC PRESERVATION RUN AND MAINTAINED BY THE ILLINOIS HISTORIC PRESERVATION AGENCY. ILLINOIS HISTORIC PRESERVATION AGENCY. BUILT DURING THE BOOM AFTER THE AGENCY. BUILT DURING THE BOOM AFTER THE CAPITOL'S MOVE FROM VANDALIA, BUILT DURING THE BOOM AFTER THE CAPITOL'S MOVE FROM VANDALIA, ITS OWNERS FORESAW THE TOP TWO CAPITOL'S MOVE FROM VANDALIA, ITS OWNERS FORESAW THE TOP TWO FLOORS AS AWARE HOUSE. ITS OWNERS FORESAW THE TOP TWO FLOORS AS AWARE HOUSE. OFFICE SPACE WAS AT A PREMIUM. FLOORS AS AWARE HOUSE. OFFICE SPACE WAS AT A PREMIUM. THIS, THE SECOND FLOOR WAS OFFICE SPACE WAS AT A PREMIUM. THIS, THE SECOND FLOOR WAS RENTED TO THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT THIS, THE SECOND FLOOR WAS RENTED TO THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT AT $500 A YEAR FOR ITS OFFICES RENTED TO THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT AT $500 A YEAR FOR ITS OFFICES AND A COURTROOM. AT $500 A YEAR FOR ITS OFFICES AND A COURTROOM. >> NOT MUCH IS KNOWN ABOUT THE AND A COURTROOM. >> NOT MUCH IS KNOWN ABOUT THE CASES HEARD HERE SINCE ALL THE >> NOT MUCH IS KNOWN ABOUT THE CASES HEARD HERE SINCE ALL THE RECORDS WERE LATER MOVED TO CASES HEARD HERE SINCE ALL THE RECORDS WERE LATER MOVED TO CHICAGO AND LOST IN THE GREAT RECORDS WERE LATER MOVED TO CHICAGO AND LOST IN THE GREAT FIRE. CHICAGO AND LOST IN THE GREAT FIRE. BUT IT IS KNOWN THAT THE FIRE. BUT IT IS KNOWN THAT THE EXTRADITION HEARING FOR JOSEPH BUT IT IS KNOWN THAT THE EXTRADITION HEARING FOR JOSEPH SMITH, FOUNDER OF THE MORMAN EXTRADITION HEARING FOR JOSEPH SMITH, FOUNDER OF THE MORMAN RELIGION, WAS HELD IN THIS ROOM. SMITH, FOUNDER OF THE MORMAN RELIGION, WAS HELD IN THIS ROOM. >> IT WAS A PACKED HOUSE. RELIGION, WAS HELD IN THIS ROOM. >> IT WAS A PACKED HOUSE. AT THE BENCH WAS NA NATHANIEL >> IT WAS A PACKED HOUSE. AT THE BENCH WAS NA NATHANIEL POPE, ONE OF ILLINOIS' FOUNDING AT THE BENCH WAS NA NATHANIEL POPE, ONE OF ILLINOIS' FOUNDING FATHERS, AND IN ORDER TO POPE, ONE OF ILLINOIS' FOUNDING FATHERS, AND IN ORDER TO ACCOMMODATE THE HUGE CROWD, HE FATHERS, AND IN ORDER TO ACCOMMODATE THE HUGE CROWD, HE INVITED THE LADIES TO JOIN HIM ACCOMMODATE THE HUGE CROWD, HE INVITED THE LADIES TO JOIN HIM UP HERE. INVITED THE LADIES TO JOIN HIM UP HERE. ONE OF THE DEFENSE ATTORNEYS IS UP HERE. ONE OF THE DEFENSE ATTORNEYS IS SAID TO HAVE REMARKED ABOUT ONE OF THE DEFENSE ATTORNEYS IS SAID TO HAVE REMARKED ABOUT APPROVE ET OF THE LORD BEING SAID TO HAVE REMARKED ABOUT APPROVE ET OF THE LORD BEING TRIED IN THE PRESENCE OF ANGELS APPROVE ET OF THE LORD BEING TRIED IN THE PRESENCE OF ANGELS BEFORE POPE. TRIED IN THE PRESENCE OF ANGELS BEFORE POPE. DIRECTLY ABOVE THE COURTROOM IS BEFORE POPE. DIRECTLY ABOVE THE COURTROOM IS PROBABLY THE MOST FAMOUS LAW DIRECTLY ABOVE THE COURTROOM IS PROBABLY THE MOST FAMOUS LAW OFFICE IN THE STATE. PROBABLY THE MOST FAMOUS LAW OFFICE IN THE STATE. THIS WAS THE ROOM LOGAN AND OFFICE IN THE STATE. THIS WAS THE ROOM LOGAN AND LINCOLN MOVED INTO IN 1843. THIS WAS THE ROOM LOGAN AND LINCOLN MOVED INTO IN 1843. BY TODAY'S STANDARDS IT IT SEEMS LINCOLN MOVED INTO IN 1843. BY TODAY'S STANDARDS IT IT SEEMS STARK WITH NO FLOOR OR WALL BY TODAY'S STANDARDS IT IT SEEMS STARK WITH NO FLOOR OR WALL COVERING AND ONLY THE MOST STARK WITH NO FLOOR OR WALL COVERING AND ONLY THE MOST ESSENTIAL PIECES OF FURNITURE. COVERING AND ONLY THE MOST ESSENTIAL PIECES OF FURNITURE. THE PARTNER SAT AT THE HEAD ESSENTIAL PIECES OF FURNITURE. THE PARTNER SAT AT THE HEAD TABLE WHILE BEFORE THEM WERE THE PARTNER SAT AT THE HEAD TABLE WHILE BEFORE THEM WERE SEVERAL CLERKS WHO SPENT MOST OF TABLE WHILE BEFORE THEM WERE SEVERAL CLERKS WHO SPENT MOST OF THEIR TIME COPYING DOCUMENTS. SEVERAL CLERKS WHO SPENT MOST OF THEIR TIME COPYING DOCUMENTS. IN THE SUMMER, GRASS GREW ON THE THEIR TIME COPYING DOCUMENTS. IN THE SUMMER, GRASS GREW ON THE FLOOR IN THE MANURE AND MUD THAT IN THE SUMMER, GRASS GREW ON THE FLOOR IN THE MANURE AND MUD THAT HAD BEEN TRACKED INTO THE OFFICE FLOOR IN THE MANURE AND MUD THAT HAD BEEN TRACKED INTO THE OFFICE >> THIS IS A PRIME LOCATION. HAD BEEN TRACKED INTO THE OFFICE >> THIS IS A PRIME LOCATION. RIGHT ACROSS THE STREET IS THE >> THIS IS A PRIME LOCATION. RIGHT ACROSS THE STREET IS THE STATE CAPITOL. RIGHT ACROSS THE STREET IS THE STATE CAPITOL. IT IS THE LAW LIBRARY. STATE CAPITOL. IT IS THE LAW LIBRARY. THE BEST HOTEL IN TOWN IS RIGHT IT IS THE LAW LIBRARY. THE BEST HOTEL IN TOWN IS RIGHT OVER HERE. THE BEST HOTEL IN TOWN IS RIGHT OVER HERE. BELOW IS THE FEDERAL COURTROOM OVER HERE. BELOW IS THE FEDERAL COURTROOM AND POST OFFICE AND JUST HALF A BELOW IS THE FEDERAL COURTROOM AND POST OFFICE AND JUST HALF A BLOCK AWAY IS THE SANGAMON AND POST OFFICE AND JUST HALF A BLOCK AWAY IS THE SANGAMON COUNTY COURTHOUSE. BLOCK AWAY IS THE SANGAMON COUNTY COURTHOUSE. NOT LONG AFTER MOVING HERE, COUNTY COURTHOUSE. NOT LONG AFTER MOVING HERE, LOGAN LEFT TO PARTNER WITH HIS NOT LONG AFTER MOVING HERE, LOGAN LEFT TO PARTNER WITH HIS SON. LOGAN LEFT TO PARTNER WITH HIS SON. SO LINCOLN TOOK ON ONE OF THEIR SON. SO LINCOLN TOOK ON ONE OF THEIR CLERKS AS A JUNIOR PARTNER, SO LINCOLN TOOK ON ONE OF THEIR CLERKS AS A JUNIOR PARTNER, WILLIAM HERNDON. CLERKS AS A JUNIOR PARTNER, WILLIAM HERNDON. LINCOLN DOESN'T SPEND MUCH TIME WILLIAM HERNDON. LINCOLN DOESN'T SPEND MUCH TIME HERE. LINCOLN DOESN'T SPEND MUCH TIME HERE. HE WAS BUSY RIDING THE CIRCUIT HERE. HE WAS BUSY RIDING THE CIRCUIT OR ATTENDING TO BUSINESS AT THE HE WAS BUSY RIDING THE CIRCUIT OR ATTENDING TO BUSINESS AT THE CAPITOL BUILDING. OR ATTENDING TO BUSINESS AT THE CAPITOL BUILDING. IN 1847, LINCOLN HEADED TO CAPITOL BUILDING. IN 1847, LINCOLN HEADED TO WASHINGTON D.C. FOR HIS FIRST IN 1847, LINCOLN HEADED TO WASHINGTON D.C. FOR HIS FIRST AND ONLY TERM IN CONGRESS. WASHINGTON D.C. FOR HIS FIRST AND ONLY TERM IN CONGRESS. WITH LINCOLN GONE, HERNDON AND ONLY TERM IN CONGRESS. WITH LINCOLN GONE, HERNDON NEEDED LESS SPACE, SO HE MOVED WITH LINCOLN GONE, HERNDON NEEDED LESS SPACE, SO HE MOVED HIS FIRM TO A SMALLER OFFICE NEEDED LESS SPACE, SO HE MOVED HIS FIRM TO A SMALLER OFFICE JUST A FEW YARDS FROM THE LAST HIS FIRM TO A SMALLER OFFICE JUST A FEW YARDS FROM THE LAST LOCATION. JUST A FEW YARDS FROM THE LAST LOCATION. >> OUT OF ALL THE OFFICES FROM LOCATION. >> OUT OF ALL THE OFFICES FROM WHICH LINCOLN WOULD PRACTICE LAW >> OUT OF ALL THE OFFICES FROM WHICH LINCOLN WOULD PRACTICE LAW THERE ARE ONLY TWO REMAINING WHICH LINCOLN WOULD PRACTICE LAW THERE ARE ONLY TWO REMAINING TODAY. THERE ARE ONLY TWO REMAINING TODAY. BOTH ARE IN THIS BUILDING. TODAY. BOTH ARE IN THIS BUILDING. >> HERE IS AN INTERESTING SIDE BOTH ARE IN THIS BUILDING. >> HERE IS AN INTERESTING SIDE BAR: IN THE OFFICE NEXT DOOR >> HERE IS AN INTERESTING SIDE BAR: IN THE OFFICE NEXT DOOR WAS A FRIEND OF ABRAHAM BAR: IN THE OFFICE NEXT DOOR WAS A FRIEND OF ABRAHAM LINCOLN'S BY THE NAME OF ALBERT WAS A FRIEND OF ABRAHAM LINCOLN'S BY THE NAME OF ALBERT BLEDSOE. LINCOLN'S BY THE NAME OF ALBERT BLEDSOE. HE WAS EDITOR OF THE LOCAL WHIG BLEDSOE. HE WAS EDITOR OF THE LOCAL WHIG NEWSPAPER. HE WAS EDITOR OF THE LOCAL WHIG NEWSPAPER. HE LEFT SPRINGFIELD IN 1840 AND NEWSPAPER. HE LEFT SPRINGFIELD IN 1840 AND WOUND UP IN VIRGINIA WHERE HE HE LEFT SPRINGFIELD IN 1840 AND WOUND UP IN VIRGINIA WHERE HE WAS LATER NAMED ASSISTANT WOUND UP IN VIRGINIA WHERE HE WAS LATER NAMED ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF WAR FOR THE WAS LATER NAMED ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF WAR FOR THE CONFEDERACY. SECRETARY OF WAR FOR THE CONFEDERACY. >> TODAY THESE RECONSTRUCTED CONFEDERACY. >> TODAY THESE RECONSTRUCTED OFFICES COMBINED WITH THE OLD >> TODAY THESE RECONSTRUCTED OFFICES COMBINED WITH THE OLD STATE CAPITOL HELP RECREATE OFFICES COMBINED WITH THE OLD STATE CAPITOL HELP RECREATE LINCOLN'S WORLD, HERE HIS STATE CAPITOL HELP RECREATE LINCOLN'S WORLD, HERE HIS PROFESSIONAL CAREER GREW, HIS LINCOLN'S WORLD, HERE HIS PROFESSIONAL CAREER GREW, HIS RISE TO NATIONAL PROGRAM NENES PROFESSIONAL CAREER GREW, HIS RISE TO NATIONAL PROGRAM NENES -- TO NATIONAL PROMINENCE. RISE TO NATIONAL PROGRAM NENES -- TO NATIONAL PROMINENCE. THE OLD STATE CAPITOL DISPLAYS -- TO NATIONAL PROMINENCE. THE OLD STATE CAPITOL DISPLAYS TEMPORARY OR TOURING EXHIBIT THE OLD STATE CAPITOL DISPLAYS TEMPORARY OR TOURING EXHIBIT FROM TIME TO TIME. TEMPORARY OR TOURING EXHIBIT FROM TIME TO TIME. ON DISPLAY THE DAY WE VISITED FROM TIME TO TIME. ON DISPLAY THE DAY WE VISITED WAS FURNITURE FROM ABRAHAM ON DISPLAY THE DAY WE VISITED WAS FURNITURE FROM ABRAHAM LINCOLN'S FUNERAL TRAIN. WAS FURNITURE FROM ABRAHAM LINCOLN'S FUNERAL TRAIN. TO SCHEDULE A GROUP TOUR OR FOR LINCOLN'S FUNERAL TRAIN. TO SCHEDULE A GROUP TOUR OR FOR MORE INFORMATION (217)785-7960.

Site history

The site was located on Capitol Hill and was acquired from the Carroll family to accommodate the U.S. Capitol. Located at 1st and A streets NE in Washington, D.C., on the eastern slope of Capitol Hill, the site's first building was a red brick tavern and hostel called Stelle's Hotel, built around 1800. It was part of a neighborhood of rooming houses catering to the U.S. Congress.

Temporary U.S. Capitol, 1815–1819

In August 1814, during the War of 1812, the British burned the nearby United States Capitol building. The Congress, forced to meet in temporary quarters, pulled down the hostel at 1st and A streets, and built a temporary brick capitol building in the Federal style, laying the cornerstone on July 4, 1815.[1] Congress then occupied the brick capitol from December 8, 1815, until 1819, while the original U.S. Capitol Building was rebuilt.[2] The first inauguration of President James Monroe took place at the brick capitol on March 4, 1817.

The building was actually financed by Washington real-estate investors, who had heard rumors that some members of Congress were considering relocation of the national capital in the aftermath of the burning. The investors wanted to prevent their land values from decreasing by keeping the government in Washington.[citation needed]

Old Brick Capitol, 1819–1861

The building acquired the title "Old Brick Capitol" in 1819 when Congress and the Supreme Court returned to the restored U.S. Capitol Building. Until the time of the Civil War, the building was used as a private school, then as a boarding house. South Carolina Senator and former Vice President of the United States John C. Calhoun, who had been a leading member of the Fourteenth Congress when it met in the Old Brick Capitol, died in the boarding house in 1850.

Old Capitol Prison, 1861–1867

The 1865 execution of convicted Civil War war criminal Henry Wirz near the U.S. Capitol moments after the trap door was sprung.

With the start of the Civil War in 1861, the Union repurchased the building to use as a prison for captured Confederates, as well as political prisoners, spies, Union officers convicted of insubordination, and local prostitutes. Famous inmates of the prison included Rose Greenhow, Belle Boyd, John Mosby, and Henry Wirz, who was hanged in the yard of the prison.

Many people arrested following the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln were also held here. These included Dr. Samuel Mudd, Mary Surratt, Louis Weichmann, and John T. Ford, owner of Ford's Theater, where Lincoln was shot. The adjoining row of houses, Duff Green's Row, was also used as part of the prison.

Post-War use and demolition

The government sold the Old Capitol Prison in 1867 to George T. Brown, then sergeant-at-arms of the U.S. Senate, who modified the building into three rowhouses collectively known as "Trumbull's Row." In the 20th century, they were used as the headquarters of the National Woman's Party. In 1929, the site was acquired by eminent domain and the brick building was razed to clear the site for the U.S. Supreme Court Building.

See also

References

  1. ^ Burton and Waggaman, p. 142
  2. ^ Goode, p. 329

External links

Sources

  • James M. Goode, Capital Losses: A Cultural History of Washington's Destroyed Buildings, Washington: Smithsonian Institution (2003).
  • Harold H. Burton and Thomas E. Waggaman, "The Story of the Place: Where First and A Streets Formerly Met at What Is Now the Site of the Supreme Court Building, Records of the Columbia Historical Society, Washington, D.C., vol. 51/52 (1951/1952).

38°53′25″N 77°00′16″W / 38.89028°N 77.00444°W / 38.89028; -77.00444

This page was last edited on 28 February 2024, at 22:20
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.