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United States District Court for the Northern District of West Virginia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

United States District Court for the Northern District of West Virginia
(N.D. W. Va.)
More locations
Appeals toFourth Circuit
EstablishedJanuary 22, 1901
Chief JudgeGina Marie Groh
Officers of the court
U.S. AttorneyWilliam J. Powell
U.S. MarshalJ.C. Raffety

The United States District Court for the Northern District of West Virginia (in case citations, N.D. W. Va.) is a federal court in the Fourth Circuit (except for patent claims and claims against the U.S. government under the Tucker Act, which are appealed to the Federal Circuit).

The District was established on June 22, 1901.[1]

The current U.S. Attorney is William J. Powell since October 2017.[2]

Organization of the court

The Northern District embraces the counties colored green on this map.
The Northern District embraces the counties colored green on this map.

The United States District Court for the Northern District of West Virginia is one of two federal judicial districts in West Virginia.[3] Court for the Northern District is held at Clarksburg, Elkins, Martinsburg, and Wheeling.

Clarksburg Division comprises the following counties: Braxton, Calhoun, Doddridge, Gilmer, Harrison, Marion, Monongalia, Pleasants, Preston, Ritchie, and Taylor.

Elkins Division comprises the following counties: Barbour, Grant, Hardy, Lewis, Pendleton, Pocahontas, Randolph, Tucker, Upshur, and Webster.

Martinsburg Division comprises the following counties: Berkeley, Hampshire, Jefferson, Mineral, and Morgan.

Wheeling Division comprises the following counties: Brooke, Hancock, Marshall, Ohio, Tyler, and Wetzel.

Current judges

As of November 5, 2018:

# Title Judge Duty station Born Term of service Appointed by
Active Chief Senior
15 Chief Judge Gina Marie Groh Martinsburg 1964 2012–present 2015–present Obama
14 District Judge John Preston Bailey Wheeling 1951 2007–present 2008–2015 G.W. Bush
16 District Judge Tom Kleeh Clarksburg
1974 2018–present Trump
11 Senior Judge Frederick Pfarr Stamp Jr. Wheeling 1934 1990–2006 1994–2001 2006–present G.H.W. Bush
12 Senior Judge Irene Patricia Murphy Keeley Clarksburg 1944 1992–2017 2001–2008 2017–present G.H.W. Bush

Former judges

# Judge State Born–died Active service Chief Judge Senior status Appointed by Reason for
1 John Jay Jackson Jr. WV 1824–1907 1901–1905[Note 1] Operation of law retirement
2 Alston G. Dayton WV 1857–1920 1905–1920 T. Roosevelt death
3 William Eli Baker WV 1873–1954 1921–1954 1948–1954 1954  Harding death
4 Harry Evans Watkins WV 1898–1963 1937–1963 1954–1963 F. Roosevelt death
5 Herbert Stephenson Boreman WV 1897–1982 1954–1959  Eisenhower elevation to 4th Cir.
6 Charles Ferguson Paul WV 1902–1965 1960–1965 1963–1965  Eisenhower death
7 Sidney Lee Christie WV 1903–1974 1964–1974 L. Johnson death
8 Robert Earl Maxwell WV 1924–2010 1965–1995 1965–1994 1995–2010 L. Johnson death
9 Charles Harold Haden II WV 1937–2004 1975–1983  Ford seat abolished
10 William Matthew Kidd WV 1918–1998 1979–1990 1990–1998  Carter death
13 W. Craig Broadwater WV 1950–2006 1996–2006  Clinton death
  1. ^ Early in the course of the American Civil War, the western portion of Virginia rejected Virginia's secession from the United States, and itself seceded from Virginia. This area largely coincided with the existing Western District of Virginia. The portion of Virginia remaining loyal to the Union became the state of West Virginia, which was admitted as a state on June 20, 1863. On June 11, 1864, by 13 Stat. 124, the United States District Court for the Western District of Virginia became the United States District Court for the District of West Virginia, and those parts of the Western District that were not part of West Virginia were combined with what had previously been the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia to again form a single United States District Court for the District of Virginia. John Jay Jackson, who had been appointed to the Western District of Virginia, was reassigned by operation of law to the newly formed District of West Virginia. At the same time, John Curtiss Underwood, who had been appointed to the Eastern District of Virginia, was reassigned by operation of law to the newly formed District of Virginia. On February 3, 1871, the District of Virginia was again subdivided into Eastern and Western Districts, and Underwood was reassigned to the Eastern District, until his death. On July 1, 1901, the District of West Virginia was subdivided into the United States District Court for the Northern District of West Virginia and the United States District Court for the Southern District of West Virginia; Jackson was reassigned to the Northern District, until his retirement.

Chief judges

Chief judges have administrative responsibilities with respect to their district court. Unlike the Supreme Court, where one justice is specifically nominated to be chief, the office of chief judge rotates among the district court judges. To be chief, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as chief judge. A vacancy is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The chief judge serves for a term of seven years or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position.

When the office was created in 1948, the chief judge was the longest-serving judge who had not elected to retire on what has since 1958 been known as senior status or declined to serve as chief judge. After August 6, 1959, judges could not become or remain chief after turning 70 years old. The current rules have been in operation since October 1, 1982.

Succession of seats

See also


  1. ^ U.S. District Courts of West Virginia, Legislative history, Federal Judicial Center
  2. ^ Umstead, Matthew (October 4, 2017). "Martinsburg attorney Powell confirmed as new chief federal prosecutor". Herald-Mail. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
  3. ^ 28 U.S.C. § 129

External links

This page was last edited on 18 August 2020, at 18:35
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