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Elkins, West Virginia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Elkins, West Virginia
City
Davis Avenue in downtown Elkins in 2006
Davis Avenue in downtown Elkins in 2006
Location of Elkins in Randolph County, West Virginia.
Location of Elkins in Randolph County, West Virginia.
Coordinates: 38°55′17″N 79°51′3″W / 38.92139°N 79.85083°W / 38.92139; -79.85083
CountryUnited States
StateWest Virginia
CountyRandolph
Government
 • MayorJerry A. Marco[1]
Area
 • Total3.63 sq mi (9.41 km2)
 • Land3.63 sq mi (9.41 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation1,926 ft (587 m)
Population
 • Total7,094
 • Estimate 
(2019)[5]
6,990
 • Density1,923.50/sq mi (742.65/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP Code
26241
Area code(s)Area codes 304 and 681[6]
FIPS code54-24580
GNIS feature ID1551037[7]
WebsiteCity Website

Elkins is a city in and the county seat of Randolph County, West Virginia, United States. The community was incorporated in 1890 and named in honor of Stephen Benton Elkins,[8] a U.S. Senator from West Virginia. The population was 7,094 at the 2010 census and estimated at 6,990 in 2019. Elkins is home to Davis and Elkins College and to the Mountain State Forest Festival, held in early October every year.[9]

History

Thomas Skidmore (ca. 1733-1807), born in Maryland, obtained a title to 400 acres of land (“by virtue of a settlement”) in the future Elkins area before 1778. This land, on the east side of the Tygart Valley River, was surveyed by John Poage in 1780 and included the land that is now most of downtown Elkins. Thus, Skidmore was probably the first white settler in what became Elkins. [10]

Before its major development, the area that would become Elkins was known as Leadsville, and was the site of a few scattered homesteads – a place where the local farmers' corn crop was loaded onto boats and floated down the Tygart Valley River. The City of Elkins was developed by U.S. Senators Henry Gassaway Davis (1823–1916) and Stephen Benton Elkins (1841–1911) – and named for the latter – in 1890. (Elkins was Davis' son-in-law.) The two founders developed railroad lines, coal mines, and timbering businesses. Together, they built the West Virginia Central and Pittsburgh Railway into Elkins in 1889, opening a vast territory to industrial development by the late 1890s. After an intense county seat war with nearby Beverly, where the new county courthouse building was burned down in 1897 under suspicious circumstances,[citation needed] Elkins became the county seat in 1899. This was resolved, however, only after multiple referenda, court judgments, and the mobilization of armed bands in both towns. In the end, bloodshed was averted.

In 1904 the new Randolph County Courthouse – designed in the Richardsonian Romanesque style – was completed in Elkins. As the railroad (merged into the Western Maryland Railway in 1905) expanded, Elkins experienced the luxury of passenger train service. In 1930, 18 passenger trains were arriving and leaving Elkins daily. All passenger service was discontinued in 1958.

Where the view of the new town was most delightful and picturesque, Davis and Elkins each built permanent places of residence, known as Graceland (1893) and Halliehurst (1890), respectively.[citation needed]

Today, Elkins has an active economic development authority, chamber of commerce, downtown business organization and numerous social, fraternal and service organizations that sponsor annual events like the Mountain State Forest Festival, which brings thousands of people into the city every year.

Downtown Elkins, WV with wind turbines in the background along Laurel Mountain (2020) (courtesy of Inflight AIS, LLC)
Downtown Elkins, WV with wind turbines in the background along Laurel Mountain (2020) (courtesy of Inflight AIS, LLC)

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890737
19002,016173.5%
19105,260160.9%
19206,78829.0%
19307,3458.2%
19408,13310.7%
19509,12112.1%
19608,307−8.9%
19708,287−0.2%
19808,5363.0%
19907,420−13.1%
20007,032−5.2%
20107,0940.9%
2019 (est.)6,990[5]−1.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]
2012 Estimate[12]

2010 census

As of the census[4] of 2010, there were 7,094 people, 3,038 households, and 1,756 families living in the city. The population density was 2,068.2 inhabitants per square mile (798.5/km2). There were 3,421 housing units at an average density of 997.4 per square mile (385.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.5% White, 1.2% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.1% of the population.

There were 3,038 households, of which 26.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.6% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 42.2% were non-families. Of all households 35.4% were made up of individuals, and 14.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.80.

The median age in the city was 39.6 years. 20.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 12.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.2% were from 25 to 44; 26.1% were from 45 to 64; and 17.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.0% male and 52.0% female.

2000 census

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 7,032 people, 2,988 households, and 1,756 families living in the city. The population density was 2,207.7 people per square mile (851.1/km2). There were 3,362 housing units at an average density of 1,055.5 per square mile (406.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.94% White, 0.90% African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.95% Asian, 0.31% from other races, and 0.60% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.77% of the population.

There were 2,988 households, out of which 25.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.4% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.2% were non-families. Of all households 35.8% were made up of individuals, and 15.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.83.

In the city the population was spread out, with 21.2% under the age of 18, 11.7% from 18 to 24, 25.4% from 25 to 44, 24.0% from 45 to 64, and 17.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $26,906, and the median income for a family was $34,291. Males had a median income of $27,012 versus $19,154 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,916. About 14.4% of families and 19.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.4% of those under age 18 and 9.6% of those age 65 or over.

Geography

Elkins is located at the confluence of the Tygart Valley River and Leading Creek.[14] The average elevation is 2,000 feet (610 m) above sea level. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.43 square miles (8.88 km2), all land.[15] Elkins is headquarters for the Monongahela National Forest, a 910,155-acre (368,327 ha) federal reserve encompassing the "High Alleghenies" area to the east of the city.

In 1995, a second edition of The 100 Best Small Towns in America, written by Norman Crampton, featured Elkins among the special places in the United States. Crampton quoted then Editor Emerita of The Inter-Mountain, Eldora Marie Bolyard Nuzum, "You can stand on any street in Elkins and turn in all directions and see forest covered mountains rimming the city. It is unbelievable."[16]

Climate

Climate data for Elkins, West Virginia (Elkins–Randolph County Airport/KEKN), 1991–2020 normals,[a] extremes 1899–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 78
(26)
77
(25)
86
(30)
90
(32)
93
(34)
96
(36)
99
(37)
99
(37)
97
(36)
90
(32)
82
(28)
76
(24)
99
(37)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 64
(18)
66
(19)
75
(24)
82
(28)
86
(30)
88
(31)
90
(32)
89
(32)
87
(31)
81
(27)
74
(23)
65
(18)
91
(33)
Average high °F (°C) 41.5
(5.3)
45.1
(7.3)
53.5
(11.9)
65.6
(18.7)
73.4
(23.0)
80.2
(26.8)
83.2
(28.4)
82.1
(27.8)
76.6
(24.8)
66.3
(19.1)
54.8
(12.7)
45.2
(7.3)
64.0
(17.8)
Daily mean °F (°C) 30.8
(−0.7)
33.5
(0.8)
41.0
(5.0)
51.5
(10.8)
60.2
(15.7)
67.8
(19.9)
71.4
(21.9)
70.2
(21.2)
64.1
(17.8)
52.7
(11.5)
42.3
(5.7)
34.7
(1.5)
51.7
(10.9)
Average low °F (°C) 20.0
(−6.7)
22.0
(−5.6)
28.5
(−1.9)
37.3
(2.9)
47.0
(8.3)
55.5
(13.1)
59.6
(15.3)
58.4
(14.7)
51.5
(10.8)
39.1
(3.9)
29.9
(−1.2)
24.1
(−4.4)
39.4
(4.1)
Mean minimum °F (°C) −6
(−21)
−2
(−19)
8
(−13)
21
(−6)
30
(−1)
42
(6)
48
(9)
48
(9)
37
(3)
24
(−4)
14
(−10)
3
(−16)
−9
(−23)
Record low °F (°C) −24
(−31)
−22
(−30)
−15
(−26)
3
(−16)
20
(−7)
25
(−4)
32
(0)
34
(1)
26
(−3)
11
(−12)
−8
(−22)
−28
(−33)
−28
(−33)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.36
(85)
3.26
(83)
3.98
(101)
4.10
(104)
5.14
(131)
4.48
(114)
5.99
(152)
3.87
(98)
3.51
(89)
3.08
(78)
2.87
(73)
3.57
(91)
47.21
(1,199)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 20.3
(52)
15.4
(39)
11.4
(29)
2.3
(5.8)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.9
(2.3)
4.1
(10)
14.5
(37)
68.9
(175)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 17.3 15.5 16.6 15.1 16.0 14.6 14.9 12.7 10.6 11.4 12.2 16.3 173.2
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 11.0 8.8 5.8 1.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 2.7 7.8 38.3
Source: NOAA[17][18]

Record weather events include:[17]

  • High temperature: 99 °F (37 °C) on July 16, 1988 and on August 6, 1918
  • Highest daily minimum: 78 °F (26 °C) on July 21, 1930
  • Lowest daily maximum: −6 °F (−21 °C) on December 25, 1983
  • Low temperature: −28 °F (−33 °C) on December 30, 1917
  • Highest one-day snowfall: 19.9 inches (51 cm), on December 19, 2009.
  • Highest one-day precipitation: 5.02 inches (12.8 cm), on November 4, 1985.

Events

  • Augusta Heritage Festival: a music and heritage festival, with 10+ themes ranging from Old Time, Blue Grass, Cajun, Irish, dance, wood and metal working and more. Attracting musicians and students from around the world, it is held on the Davis and Elkins College campus and in town over 5 consecutive weeks every summer, typically in July and August. There is also a week-long Old Time event in October, and a dulcimer week in the spring.[19]
  • Randolph County International Ramp Cookoff and Festival: an annual festival at city park and on the Davis & Elkins College campus at the end of April. The focus of this celebration is the ramp, an indigenous herb which is prevalent in the Elkins region. Featuring a cooking competition of ramp inclusive recipes, other activities include concerts, craft vendors and more.[20]

Transportation

Highways

Elkins sits at the junction of US 33, US 219, and US 250. Heading west of the city, US 33 is Corridor H, a major four-lane highway connecting to Buckhannon and Interstate 79 at Weston. Long-term plans call for Corridor H to be extended further past its current ending at Kerens eventually to Interstate 81 at Strasburg, Virginia.

Airport

Elkins–Randolph County Airport (Jennings Randolph Airfield) (code KEKN) is a regional airport with two runways, each approximately 4,500 feet (1,400 m) long.

Recreational trails

The western terminus of the Allegheny Highlands Trail is in Elkins.

Notable people

References

Notes

  1. ^ Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the expected highest and lowest temperature readings at any point during the year or given month) calculated based on data at said location from 1991 to 2020.

Citations

  1. ^ Marco, Jerry A. (March 30, 2021). "New Elkins mayor to be sworn in Wednesday". Retrieved June 28, 2021.
  2. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  3. ^ "Elkins, West Virginia". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
  4. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 24, 2013.
  5. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  6. ^ "Elkins, West Virginia Area Code". areacodehelp.com. Retrieved February 12, 2017.
  7. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  8. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 117.
  9. ^ "Mountain State Forest Festival". Mountain State Forest Festival. Retrieved July 24, 2018.
  10. ^ “He obtained a clear title to 400 acres of land by virtue of a settlement made before 1778 on the east side of the Tygart Valley River, adjoining the land of Robert Cunningham. It was surveyed by John Poage on 14 November 1780, who with his chain carriers set off the tract as 288 acres, and on 1 June 1782 a perfected title to the land was returned to him from the Land Office. It included the land that is now most of downtown Elkins, the park, the Wees Addition, both sides of the river from roughly the rear entrance of McDonald's Restaurant to Porter Avenue, South Elkins north of 11th Street, and all of Diamond and Wees Street. David Armstrong, who has made a careful study of the early land titles in Elkins, thinks that his cabin stood on the west side of Randolph Avenue at its intersection with Henry Avenue where St. Brendan's Catholic School was later located. He credits Thomas Skidmore with being the first white settler in central Elkins. He does not seem to have made an immediate settlement at Elkins however, for he appears in 1784 on a tax list taken on the South Branch in Pendleton County where he headed a family of seven white souls.” (Skidmore, Warren (2010), Thomas Skidmore (Scudamore), 1605-1684, of Westerleigh, Gloucestershire, and Fairfield, Connecticut; his ancestors, and descendants to the ninth generation; Akron, Ohio; Sixth Edition; pg 143.)
  11. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved August 27, 2013.
  12. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Archived from the original on June 2, 2013. Retrieved August 27, 2013.
  13. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  14. ^ West Virginia Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Me.: DeLorme. 1997. p. 37. ISBN 0-89933-246-3.
  15. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 12, 2012. Retrieved January 24, 2013.
  16. ^ Crampton, Norman, The 100 Best Towns in America, 2nd Edition, McMillan, Inc., New York City, 134-37.
  17. ^ a b "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved June 13, 2021.
  18. ^ "Station: Elkins Randolph CO AP, WV". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991-2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved June 13, 2021.
  19. ^ Augusta Heritage Center
  20. ^ Randolph County Festival Archived September 8, 2006, at the Wayback Machine

External links

This page was last edited on 6 October 2021, at 18:01
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