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Charles A. Halleck

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Charles A. Halleck
Rep. Charles A. Halleck of Ind., member of the Committee investigating the Nat'l Labor Relations Board, Sept. 1939 LCCN2016876179 (cropped).jpg
Halleck in 1939
House Minority Leader
In office
January 3, 1959 – January 3, 1965
DeputyLeslie C. Arends
Preceded byJoseph W. Martin Jr.
Succeeded byGerald Ford
Leader of the
House Republican Conference
In office
January 3, 1959 – January 3, 1965
Preceded byJoseph W. Martin Jr.
Succeeded byGerald Ford
House Majority Leader
In office
January 3, 1947 – January 3, 1949
SpeakerJoseph W. Martin Jr.
Preceded byJohn W. McCormack
Succeeded byJohn W. McCormack
In office
January 3, 1953 – January 3, 1955
SpeakerJoseph W. Martin Jr.
Preceded byJohn W. McCormack
Succeeded byJohn W. McCormack
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Indiana's 2nd district
In office
January 29, 1935 – January 3, 1969
Preceded byGeorge R. Durgan
Succeeded byEarl Landgrebe
Personal details
Born(1900-08-22)August 22, 1900
DeMotte, Indiana, U.S.
DiedMarch 3, 1986(1986-03-03) (aged 85)
Lafayette, Indiana, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Blanche Annette White
(m. 1927; died 1973)
Children2, including Charles W. Halleck
  • Abraham Halleck (father)
  • Lura Luce (mother)
Alma materIndiana University, Bloomington (AB, LLB)
  • Lawyer
  • politician
Military service
AllegianceUnited States
BranchUnited States Army
ConflictWorld War I

Charles Abraham Halleck (August 22, 1900 – March 3, 1986) was an American politician. He was the Republican leader of the United States House of Representatives from the second district of Indiana.

Early life and education

Halleck was born near DeMotte, in Jasper County, Indiana, the son of Abraham and Lura (née Luce) Halleck. He served in the infantry of the United States Army in World War I. After military service, Halleck attended Indiana University at Bloomington. In 1924, Halleck was admitted to the bar and began practicing in Rensselaer, Indiana. From 1924 to 1934, he was the prosecuting attorney for the 13th district court.


In 1935, Halleck was elected to fill the House vacancy created by the death of Congressman-elect Frederick Landis, and remained in that position until 1969. A prominent member of the conservative coalition, he served as the House Majority Leader after the elections of 1946 and 1952. He was House Minority Leader from 1959 to 1964. As Minority Leader he was in charge of House Republicans

Halleck noted that a highlight of his career came at the 1940 Republican National Convention, when he nominated another person from Indiana, Wendell Willkie. Noting the mixed reception he got, Halleck said, "I got more brickbats and more bouquets over that speech than any other I've ever made."[1]

In 1944, even before Thomas Dewey was named as the Republican presidential nominee, Halleck, as the new chairman of the National Republican Congressional Committee, addressed a party gathering in Chicago. He rejected the Democrat "don't-change-horses-while-crossing-the-stream" mantra and declared that a Republican president would retain George C. Marshall, Dwight Eisenhower, Douglas MacArthur, and William F. Halsey in their military positions. He attacked what he called the New Deal "snooping into our ice boxes," a reference to the Office of Price Administration and rationing. Halleck said that Americans should "live again as God meant us to live and not as some bureaucrat in Washington... would like us to live."[2]

According to Halleck, he was rumored to be Thomas Dewey's vice-presidential nominee in Dewey's second general election campaign in 1948 if Halleck guaranteed the support of the Indiana delegation at the 1948 Republican National Convention. In the end, Dewey selected the governor of California, Earl Warren. The Dewey-Warren ticket surprisingly narrowly lost that November, to the Democratic Truman-Barkley ticket.[3]

In 1959, with the declining popularity of Eisenhower enabling Democrats to maintain their hold on the House, Halleck parlayed his following among Congressional Republicans and the frequent public approval of Eisenhower and Richard Nixon into a successful challenge to the 20-year reign of Joseph W. Martin Jr. as the leader of House Republicans,[4] beginning a three-term stint as the official Minority Leader of the United States House of Representatives.[5]

He was a strong opponent of the liberal social proposals of Democrats John F. Kennedy and Lyndon Johnson but supported the Vietnam War and voted in favor of the Civil Rights Acts of 1957,[6] 1960,[7] 1964,[8] and 1968,[9] as well as the 24th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution and the Voting Rights Act of 1965.[10][11] Along with Senator Everett Dirksen, he was the face of the Republican Party in most of the 1960s, and both made frequent appearances on television news and talk programs. The press jocularly nicknamed his joint appearances with Everett Dirksen as "The Ev & Charlie Show."

After the heavy election setbacks of 1964, Halleck was defeated in his bid to remain Minority Leader by Gerald Ford, who was the nominee of the Young Turks.[12]


In 1983, U.S. President Ronald Reagan signed a bill renaming the Federal District Court building in Lafayette, Indiana, the Charles A. Halleck Federal Building.[13]

The Charles Halleck Student Center at Saint Joseph's College in Indiana was named after him.[14] It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2016.[15]

Personal life

Halleck married Blanche Annetta White in 1927, and she died in 1973. They had two children, Charles W. and Patricia.[16] His son, Charles W. Halleck, became an attorney in Washington, D.C., and was a judge of the Superior Court of the District of Columbia.


Halleck died in Lafayette, Indiana, on March 3, 1986, and is buried next to his wife in Rensselaer.

In popular culture


  1. ^ "Charles Halleck Obituary". Toledo Blade. Mar 4, 1986. Retrieved Jun 11, 2014.
  2. ^ David M. Jordan, FDR, Dewey, and the Election of 1944 (Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 2011), p. 78, ISBN 978-0-253-00562-5
  3. ^ Heise, Kenan (March 4, 1986). "Ex-GOP House Boss Charles Halleck, 85". Chicago Tribune.
  4. ^ Franklin, Ben A. (Mar 4, 1986). "CHARLES HALLECK, A G.O.P. HOUSE LEADER, DIES". New York Times. Retrieved Jun 11, 2014.
  5. ^ "Minority Leaders of the House (1899 to present)". History, Art & Archives. US House of Representatives. Retrieved 3 September 2021. 86th, 87th, 88th Congress (1959-1965) HALLECK, Charles Abraham, Republican (IN)
  6. ^ "HR 6127. CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1957".
  7. ^ "HR 8601. PASSAGE".
  8. ^ "H.R. 7152. PASSAGE".
  11. ^ "TO PASS H.R. 6400, THE 1965 VOTING RIGHTS ACT".
  12. ^ Friedersdorf, Max (30 January 2009). "Gerald R. Ford Oral History Project, interview by Richard Norton Smith". Gerald R. Ford Presidential Foundation. Retrieved 3 September 2021. Smith: What was the beef against Halleck? Friedersdorf: It’s a combination of the age thing and minority status... You had a group of Young Turks like Gerald R. Ford and Melvin Laird and Donald Rumsfeld and Bob Griffin, and they were up and coming. It was a generational difference and it was after the ’64 election which was such a debacle. We lost a lot of seats in the Goldwater election. The house members felt it was time for Charlie to go.
  13. ^ "Divisional Offices - Hammond Division at Lafayette". Archived from the original on 2013-06-01.
  14. ^ Article, Submitted. "SJC to celebrate Halleck Center's 50th". Retrieved 9 April 2018. {{cite web}}: |first= has generic name (help)
  15. ^ "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 6/06/16 through 6/10/16. National Park Service. 2016-06-17.
  16. ^ "Republican Charles H. Halleck". Mirror News (Los Angeles). 1960-05-27. Retrieved 2022-01-16.

Further reading

  • Peabody, Robert L. The Ford-Halleck Minority Leadership Contest 1966;
  • Scheele, Henry Z. Charlie Halleck: A Political Biography. Exposition Press, 1966.

External links

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by U.S. Representative of Indiana's 2nd Congressional District
Succeeded by
Party political offices
Preceded by House Majority Leader
Succeeded by
Preceded by House Minority Leader
Succeeded by
This page was last edited on 6 April 2022, at 23:47
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