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International Democrat Union

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

International Democrat Union
International Democrat Union logo.png
AbbreviationIDU
Formation1983
PurposeWorld federation of centre-right/right-wing and conservative/liberal political parties[1]
HeadquartersMunich, Germany
Region served
Worldwide
Membership
74
Official language
English
Chairman
Stephen Harper
Deputy Chairman
Brian Loughnane
Websiteidu.org

The International Democrat Union (IDU) is an international alliance of centre-right, right-wing and conservative political parties. Headquartered in Munich, Germany,[2] the IDU consists of 74 full and associate members from 64 different countries.[3] It is chaired by Stephen Harper, former Prime Minister of Canada.

The IDU provides a forum in which political parties holding similar beliefs can come together and exchange views on matters of policy and organisational interest. From this, they act cooperatively, establish contacts, and present a unified voice toward the promotion of centre-right policies around the globe. The IDU has some overlap of member parties with the Centrist Democrat International (CDI), but the CDI is more centrist and communitarian than the IDU.[4]

The group was founded in 1983 as the umbrella organisation for the European Democrat Union (EDU), Caribbean Democrat Union (CDU), and the Asia Pacific Democrat Union (APDU). Created at the instigation of the Konrad Adenauer Foundation and U.S. Vice President George H. W. Bush, the organisation was founded at a joint meeting of the EDU and APDU in London, United Kingdom.[5]

The IDU has several regional affiliates: the Democrat Union of Africa, the Union of Latin American Parties, the Asia Pacific Democrat Union, the Caribbean Democrat Union, the European People's Party, and the European Conservatives and Reformists Party.[6] It also has an affiliated youth wing in the International Young Democrat Union, and an affiliated women's wing in the International Women's Democrat Union.

Founding

IDU was founded in London on 24 June 1983.[7] The founding declaration was signed by 19 persons:[8]

Person Party Country
Alois Mock Austrian People's Party Austria
Margaret Thatcher Conservative Party United Kingdom
Helmut Kohl Christian Democratic Union of Germany Germany
Franz Josef Strauss Christian Social Union in Bavaria Germany
Jacques Chirac Rally for the Republic France
Andrew Peacock Liberal Party of Australia Australia
Evangelos Averoff-Tossizza New Democracy Greece
Manuel Fraga People's Alliance Spain
Oscar Alzaga People's Democratic Party Spain
Susanne Wood New Zealand National Party New Zealand
Glafcos Clerides Democratic Rally Cyprus
Ilkka Suominen National Coalition Party Finland
Lucas Pires CDS – People's Party Portugal
Tatsuo Tanaka [ja] Liberal Democratic Party Japan
Ulf Adelsohn Moderate Party Sweden
Erik Nielsen Progressive Conservative Party of Canada Canada
Poul Schlüter Conservative People's Party Denmark
Jo Benkow Conservative Party Norway
Frank Fahrenkopf Republican Party United States

Member parties

Full members

Full members
Country Party Acronym Government Lower Chamber Upper Chamber
 Albania Democratic Party of Albania PD in opposition
59 / 140 (42%)
 Argentina Republican Proposal PRO in opposition
53 / 257 (21%)
8 / 72 (11%)
 Australia Liberal Party of Australia LIB in coalition
60 / 151 (40%)
31 / 76 (41%)
 Austria Austrian People's Party ÖVP in coalition
71 / 183 (39%)
23 / 61 (38%)
 Azerbaijan Azerbaijan National Independence Party AMIP extraparliamentary opposition
0 / 125 (0%)
 Bangladesh Bangladesh Nationalist Party BNP in opposition
7 / 350 (2%)
 Belarus BPF Party BPF extraparliamentary opposition
0 / 110 (0%)
0 / 64 (0%)
United Civil Party UCP extraparliamentary opposition
0 / 110 (0%)
0 / 64 (0%)
 Bolivia Democrat Social Movement MDS extraparliamentary opposition
0 / 130 (0%)
0 / 36 (0%)
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Party of Democratic Action SDA in coalition
9 / 42 (21%)
3 / 15 (20%)
Party of Democratic Progress PDP in opposition
2 / 42 (5%)
0 / 15 (0%)
Croatian Democratic Union of Bosnia and Herzegovina HDZ in coalition
16 / 98 (16%)
14 / 58 (24%)
Croatian Democratic Union 1990 HDZ 1990 in opposition
2 / 98 (2%)
0 / 58 (0%)
 Brazil Democrats DEM confidence and supply
29 / 513 (6%)
7 / 81 (9%)
 Bulgaria GERB GERB in coalition
73 / 240 (30%)
Union of Democratic Forces SDS in opposition
2 / 240 (0.8%)
 Canada Conservative Party of Canada CPC / PCC in opposition
120 / 338 (36%)
20 / 105 (19%)
 Chile Independent Democratic Union UDI in coalition
30 / 155 (19%)
9 / 43 (21%)
National Renewal RN in coalition
34 / 155 (22%)
8 / 43 (19%)
 Republic of China Kuomintang of China KMT in opposition
38 / 113 (34%)
 Colombia Colombian Conservative Party PCC in coalition
21 / 172 (12%)
14 / 108 (13%)
 Croatia Croatian Democratic Union HDZ in coalition
61 / 151 (40%)
 Cyprus Democratic Rally DISY in government
18 / 56 (32%)
 Czech Republic Civic Democratic Party ODS in opposition
23 / 200 (12%)
18 / 81 (22%)
 Denmark Conservative People's Party DKF in opposition
13 / 179 (7%)
 Dominican Republic National Progressive Force FNP extraparliamentary opposition
0 / 190 (0%)
0 / 32 (0%)
 Ecuador Social Christian Party PSC in opposition
19 / 137 (14%)
 El Salvador Nationalist Republican Alliance ARENA in opposition
14 / 84 (17%)
 Estonia Isamaa in opposition
12 / 101 (12%)
 Finland National Coalition Party Kok in opposition
38 / 200 (19%)
 Georgia United National Movement UNM in opposition
36 / 150 (24%)
 Germany Christian Democratic Union of Germany CDU in coalition
200 / 709 (28%)
22 / 69 (32%)
Christian Social Union of Bavaria CSU in coalition
46 / 709
4 / 69
 Ghana New Patriotic Party NPP in government
137 / 275 (50%)
 Greece New Democracy ND in government
158 / 300 (53%)
 Grenada New National Party NNP in government
15 / 15 (100%)
7 / 13 (54%)
 Guatemala Unionist Party PU in coalition
3 / 160 (2%)
 Honduras National Party of Honduras PNH in government
61 / 128 (48%)
 Hungary Fidesz in government
117 / 199 (59%)
 Iceland Independence Party D in coalition
16 / 63 (25%)
 India Bharatiya Janata Party BJP in government
301 / 543 (55%)
93 / 245 (38%)
 Israel Likud Party Likud in coalition
30 / 120 (25%)
 Jamaica Jamaica Labour Party JLP in government
49 / 63 (78%)
13 / 21 (62%)
 Kenya Democratic Party of Kenya DP in opposition
1 / 394 (0.3%)
0 / 67 (0%)
 Lebanon Lebanese Forces in opposition
12 / 128 (9%)
 Lithuania Homeland Union – Lithuanian Christian Democrats TS–LKD in coalition
50 / 141 (35%)
 Maldives Maldivian Democratic Party MDP in government
65 / 87 (75%)
 Moldova Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova PLDM extraparliamentary opposition
0 / 101 (0%)
 Mongolia Democratic Party DP in opposition
12 / 76 (16%)
 Montenegro Movement for Changes PzP in coalition
5 / 81 (6%)
 Morocco Istiqlal Party in opposition
46 / 395 (12%)
24 / 120 (20%)
 Namibia Popular Democratic Movement PDM in opposition
16 / 104 (15%)
2 / 42 (5%)
 New Zealand National Party NAT in opposition
33 / 120 (28%)
 Nicaragua Conservative Party PCN in opposition
1 / 92 (1%)
 North Macedonia VMRO-DPMNE in opposition
36 / 120 (30%)
 Norway Conservative Party H in coalition
45 / 169 (27%)
 Panama Democratic Change CD in opposition
18 / 71 (25%)
 Paraguay Partido Colorado ANR-PC in government
42 / 80 (53%)
17 / 45 (38%)
 Peru Christian People's Party PPC extraparliamentary opposition
0 / 130 (0%)
 Portugal CDS – People's Party CDS–PP in opposition
5 / 230 (2%)
 Saint Lucia United Workers Party UWP in government
11 / 17 (65%)
6 / 11 (55%)
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines New Democratic Party NDP in opposition
6 / 15 (40%)
 Serbia Serbian Progressive Party SNS in government
157 / 250 (63%)
 Slovenia Slovenian Democratic Party SDS in coalition
26 / 90 (29%)
 South Korea People Power Party PPP in opposition
101 / 300 (34%)
 Spain People's Party PP in opposition
88 / 350 (25%)
97 / 265 (37%)
 Sri Lanka United National Party UNP in opposition
1 / 225 (0.4%)
 Sweden Moderate Party M in opposition
70 / 349 (20%)
 Tanzania Chama Cha Demokrasia Na Maendeleo CHADEMA in opposition
20 / 393 (5%)
 Uganda Forum for Democratic Change FDC in opposition
36 / 375 (10%)
 Ukraine Batkivshchyna VOB in opposition
24 / 450 (5%)
 United Kingdom Conservative and Unionist Party CON in government
364 / 650 (56%)
263 / 786 (33%)
 United States Republican Party R / GOP in opposition
212 / 435 (49%)
50 / 100 (50%)
 Venezuela Project Venezuela PV extraparliamentary opposition
0 / 167 (0%)

Chairpersons

Chairperson Term Start Term End Political Affiliation Country
William Hague 1997 2002 Conservative  United Kingdom
John Howard 2002 2014 Liberal  Australia
Sir John Key 2014 2018 National  New Zealand
Stephen Harper 2018 incumbent Conservative  Canada

See also

References

  1. ^ "Principles | International Democrat Union". 1 February 2018.
  2. ^ Burnell, Peter J. (2006). Globalizing Democracy: Party Politics in Emerging Democracies. London: Taylor & Francis. p. 63. ISBN 978-0-415-40184-5.
  3. ^ International Democrat Union. "IDU Members". Idu.org. Archived from the original on 1 July 2014. Retrieved 22 April 2016.
  4. ^ Mohr, Alexander (2010). The German Political Foundations as Actors in Democracy Assistance. Boca Raton: Universal-Publishers. p. 151. ISBN 978-1-59942-331-9.
  5. ^ Goldman, Ralph Morris (2002). The Future Catches Up: Transnational Parties and Democracy. London: Taylor & Francis. p. 418. ISBN 978-0-595-22888-1.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 17 October 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ "International Democrat Union, minutes of founding meeting, 1983" (PDF).
  8. ^ "International Democrat Union, minutes of founding meeting, 1993" (PDF).

External links

This page was last edited on 8 May 2021, at 03:19
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