To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

John Boehner
John Boehner official portrait.jpg
53rd Speaker of the United States House of Representatives
In office
January 5, 2011 – October 29, 2015
Preceded byNancy Pelosi
Succeeded byPaul Ryan
House Minority Leader
In office
January 3, 2007 – January 3, 2011
DeputyRoy Blunt
Eric Cantor
Preceded byNancy Pelosi
Succeeded byNancy Pelosi
Leader of the
House Republican Conference
In office
January 3, 2007 – October 29, 2015
Preceded byDennis Hastert
Succeeded byPaul Ryan
House Majority Leader
In office
February 2, 2006 – January 3, 2007
SpeakerDennis Hastert
Preceded byRoy Blunt (acting)
Succeeded bySteny Hoyer
Chair of the House Education Committee
In office
January 3, 2001 – January 3, 2006
Preceded byWilliam F. Goodling
Succeeded byHoward McKeon
Chair of the House Republican Conference
In office
January 3, 1995 – January 3, 1999
DeputySusan Molinari
Jennifer Dunn
LeaderNewt Gingrich
Preceded byDick Armey
Succeeded byJ. C. Watts
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 8th district
In office
January 3, 1991 – October 31, 2015
Preceded byBuz Lukens
Succeeded byWarren Davidson
Member of the Ohio House of Representatives
from the 57th district
In office
January 3, 1985 – December 31, 1990
Preceded byBill Donham
Succeeded byScott Nein
Personal details
John Andrew Boehner

(1949-11-17) November 17, 1949 (age 70)
Reading, Ohio, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Deborah Gunlack
(m. 1973)
EducationXavier University (BA)
Military service
Allegiance United States
Branch/service United States Navy
Years of service1968 (8 weeks)

John Andrew Boehner (/ˈbnər/;[a][2] born November 17, 1949) is an American politician who served as the 53rd speaker of the United States House of Representatives from 2011 to 2015.[3] A member of the Republican Party, he was the U.S. Representative for Ohio's 8th congressional district from 1991 to 2015. The district included several rural and suburban areas near Cincinnati and Dayton.

Boehner previously served as the House Minority Leader from 2007 until 2011, and House Majority Leader from 2006 until 2007. In January 2011, he was elected speaker. Boehner resigned from the House of Representatives in October 2015 due to opposition from within the Republican caucus.

In September 2016, Squire Patton Boggs, the third largest lobbying firm in the U.S., announced that Boehner would join their firm. It was also announced that Boehner would become a board member of Reynolds American.[4]

Early life, education, and career

Boehner was born in Reading, Ohio, the son of Mary Anne (née Hall; 1926–1998) and Earl Henry Boehner (1925–1990), the second of twelve children. His father was of German descent and his mother had German and Irish ancestry.[9] He grew up in modest circumstances, having shared one bathroom with his eleven siblings in a two-bedroom house in Cincinnati.[10] He started working at his family's bar at age 8, a business founded by their grandfather Andy Boehner in 1938.[10] He has lived in Southwest Ohio his entire life.[11][12]

Boehner attended Cincinnati's Moeller High School and was a linebacker on the school's football team, where he was coached by future Notre Dame coach Gerry Faust.[20] Graduating from Moeller in 1968, when United States involvement in the Vietnam War was at its peak, Boehner enlisted in the United States Navy but was honorably discharged after eight weeks because of a bad back.[21] He earned his B.A. in business administration from Xavier University in 1977, becoming the first person in his family to attend college, taking seven years as he held several jobs to pay for his education.[10]

Shortly after his graduation in 1977, Boehner accepted a position with Nucite Sales, a small sales business in the plastics industry. He was steadily promoted and eventually became president of the firm, resigning in 1990 when he was elected to Congress.[2]

Early political career

From 1981 to 1984, Boehner served on the board of trustees of Union Township, Butler County, Ohio. He then served as an Ohio state representative from 1985 to 1990.[22]

U.S. House of Representatives

Boehner in 1993
Boehner in 1993

In 1990, Boehner ran against incumbent Congressman Buz Lukens, who was under fire for having a sexual relationship with a minor. In a three-way Republican primary that included Boehner, Lukens, and former Congressman Tom Kindness, Boehner won with 49 percent of the vote.[23] He then handily beat his Democratic opponent, Greg Jolivette, in the November election. He was subsequently re-elected to Congress 12 times, each by a substantial margin.

Boehner's closest races were those in:

Gang of Seven and Contract with America

During his freshman year, Boehner was a member of the Gang of Seven which was involved in bringing media attention to the House banking scandal.[27] The group also investigated the Congressional Post Office, leading to the indictment of Congressman Dan Rostenkowski.[23] Later, he, along with Newt Gingrich and several other Republican lawmakers, was one of the engineers of the Contract with America in 1994 that politically helped Republicans during the 1994 elections during which they won the majority in Congress for the first time in four decades.

Republican leadership

From 1995 to 1999, Boehner served as House Republican Conference Chairman, making him fourth-ranking House Republican behind Gingrich, Majority Leader Dick Armey and Majority Whip Tom DeLay.[23] During his time as Conference Chairman, Boehner championed the Freedom to Farm Act that, among other provisions, revised and simplified direct payment programs for crops and eliminated milk price supports through direct government purchases.

In the summer of 1997 several House Republicans, who saw Speaker Newt Gingrich's public image as a liability, attempted to replace him as Speaker. The attempted "coup" began July 9 with a meeting between Republican conference chairman Boehner and Republican leadership chairman Bill Paxon of New York. According to their plan, House Majority Leader Dick Armey, House Majority Whip Tom DeLay, Boehner and Paxon were to present Gingrich with an ultimatum: resign, or be voted out. However, Armey balked at the proposal to make Paxon the new Speaker, and told his chief of staff to warn Gingrich about the coup.[28]

On July 11, Gingrich met with senior Republican leadership to assess the situation. He explained that under no circumstance would he step down. If he was voted out, there would be a new election for Speaker, which would allow for the possibility that Democrats—along with dissenting Republicans—would vote in Dick Gephardt as Speaker. On July 16, Paxon offered to resign his post, feeling that he had not handled the situation correctly. Paxon was the only unelected member of the leadership group, having been appointed to his position by Gingrich.[29]

After Republicans lost seats in the 1998 elections, the House Republican leadership underwent a reorganization. Armey and DeLay kept their positions, but Gingrich was replaced by Dennis Hastert, and Boehner lost his position as conference chairman to J.C. Watts.[23]

Chairman of Committee on Education and Labor

Boehner addresses the 2010 Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC) while serving as House Minority Leader
Boehner addresses the 2010 Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC) while serving as House Minority Leader

Following the election of President George W. Bush, Boehner was elected as chairman of the House Education and the Workforce Committee, serving from 2001 until 2006. There he authored several reforms including the Pension Protection Act and a successful school choice voucher program for low-income children in Washington, DC.[30]

Boehner and Senator Ted Kennedy authored the passage of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, which was signed by President George W. Bush in 2002.[31] Boehner said that it was his "proudest achievement" in two decades of public service.[32] Boehner was friends with Kennedy, also a Catholic, and every year they chaired fundraisers for cash-strapped Catholic schools.[33]

House Republican Leader

2006 portrait of Boehner
2006 portrait of Boehner

After Delay resigned as Majority Leader in 2005, Boehner, House Majority Whip Roy Blunt of Missouri, and Representative John Shadegg of Arizona, all sought to become Majority Leader.[23] Boehner campaigned as a reform candidate who wanted to reform the so-called "earmark" process and rein in government spending. In the second round of voting by the House Republican Conference, Boehner defeated Blunt with 122 to 109 votes. Blunt kept his previous position as Majority Whip, the No. 3 leadership position in the House. (There was some confusion on the first ballot for Majority Leader as the first count showed one more vote cast than Republicans present,[34] due to a misunderstanding as to whether the rules allowed Resident Commissioner Luis Fortuño of Puerto Rico to vote).[35]

After the Republicans lost control of the House in the 2006 elections, the House Republican Conference chose Boehner as Minority Leader. While as Majority Leader he was second-in-command behind Speaker Dennis Hastert, as Minority Leader he was the leader of the House Republicans. As such, he was the Republican nominee for Speaker in 2006 and 2008, losing both times to Nancy Pelosi.

According to the 2008 Power Ranking, Boehner was the 6th most powerful congressman (preceded by Speaker Pelosi, Majority Leader Hoyer, Ways and Means Committee Chairman Sander M. Levin, Dean of the House John Dingell, and Appropriations Committee Chairman Dave Obey, all Democrats) and the most powerful Republican.[36] As Minority Leader, Boehner served as an ex officio member of the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence.

Speaker of the House

Speaker Boehner greets U.S. President Barack Obama before the 2011 State of the Union Address
Speaker Boehner greets U.S. President Barack Obama before the 2011 State of the Union Address

The Republicans won a majority in the House of Representatives during the 2010 midterm elections, with a net gain of 63 seats. During his solemn victory speech, Boehner broke into tears when talking about "economic freedom, individual liberty and personal responsibility...I hold these values dear because I've lived them...I've spent my whole life chasing the American Dream".[33] On November 17, 2010, Boehner was unanimously chosen by the House Republicans as their nominee for Speaker,[37][38] all but assuring his formal election to the post when the new Congress convened with a Republican majority in January 2011. He received the gavel from outgoing Speaker Pelosi on Wednesday, January 5, 2011.[39] He was the first Speaker from Ohio since fellow Republicans Nicholas Longworth (1925 to 1931) and J. Warren Keifer (1881 to 1883). He was also the first Speaker who has served both as majority and minority floor leader for his party since Texas Democrat Sam Rayburn.[citation needed]

Speaker Boehner meets with Pope Francis during his visit to the United States Congress
Speaker Boehner meets with Pope Francis during his visit to the United States Congress

As Speaker, he was still the leader of the House Republicans. However, by tradition, he normally did not take part in debate, although he had the right to do so, and almost never voted from the floor.[40] He was not a member of any House committees during his Speakership.

Boehner was narrowly re-elected as Speaker of the House on January 3, 2013 at the beginning of the 113th United States Congress.[41] He received 220 votes, needing 214 to win.[42]

Boehner appeared on The Tonight Show with Jay Leno on January 23, 2014. When asked by Leno if he would ever run for president, the Speaker said no, adding, "I like to play golf. I like to cut my own grass. I do drink red wine, I smoke cigarettes. And I'm not giving that up to be President of the United States."[43]

In July 2014, Boehner moved forward on a lawsuit to force the President to impose penalties on companies who failed to provide health care coverage for their employees.[44] Boehner had pressed for legislation to delay this mandate the previous year.[45] The third law firm selected finally filed the suit in November 2014, after Boehner criticized Obama's unilateral moves on immigration policy.[46]


Speaker Boehner looks at the National Mall from the Speaker's balcony at the U.S. Capitol for one of the final times before leaving office

On September 25, 2015, Boehner announced that he would step down as Speaker and resign from Congress at the end of October 2015. Boehner's resignation took place after Pope Francis' address to Congress the day before, an event considered by Boehner personally as the highest point in his legislative career. Sources in his office indicated he was stepping aside in the face of increasing discord while trying to manage passage of a continuing resolution to fund the government. Conservative opposition to funding Planned Parenthood as part of the resolution, and stronger threats to Boehner's leadership on account of the controversy, prompted the resignation.[47] Originally, House Majority Leader Kevin McCarthy of California had intended to run for Speaker and was seen as the prohibitive favorite. On October 8, 2015, McCarthy abruptly rescinded his candicacy, citing that he felt he could not effectively lead a fractured Republican Caucus. After McCarthy's announcement, Boehner stayed on as Speaker until a successor was chosen.[48] After initially turning down requests from Republican leaders, Paul Ryan of Wisconsin, House Ways and Means Committee Chairman and 2012 Republican Vice Presidential nominee ran for Speaker with Boehner's blessing.[49] On October 29, 2015, in his final act as Speaker, Boehner presided over Ryan's election.[50] Boehner's resignation from Congress became official October 31, 2015, at 11:59 p.m.[51]


Connections to lobbyists

In June 1995, Boehner distributed campaign contributions from tobacco industry lobbyists on the House floor as House members were weighing how to vote on tobacco subsidies.[52] In a 1996 documentary by PBS called The People and the Power Game, Boehner said "They asked me to give out a half dozen checks quickly before we got to the end of the month and I complied. And I did it on the House floor, which I regret. I should not have done. It's not a violation of the House rules, but it's a practice that's gone on here for a long time that we're trying to stop and I know I'll never do it again."[53] Boehner eventually led the effort to change House rules and prohibit campaign contributions from being distributed on the House floor.[54]

A September 2010 New York Times story said Boehner was "Tightly Bound to Lobbyists" and "He maintains especially tight ties with a circle of lobbyists and former aides representing some of the nation's biggest businesses, including Goldman Sachs, Google, Citigroup, R.J. Reynolds, MillerCoors and UPS.".[55]


In November 2010, Boehner, along with Minority Whip Eric Cantor, called for the cancellation of an exhibit in the Smithsonian's National Portrait Gallery after he learned that it featured a video by David Wojnarowicz, A Fire in My Belly, that contained an image of a crucifix with ants crawling on it. Boehner spokesman Kevin Smith said, "Smithsonian officials should either acknowledge the mistake and correct it, or be prepared to face tough scrutiny beginning in January when the new majority in the House moves [in]."[56]

Hurricane Sandy relief bill

On January 1, 2013, after passing the fiscal cliff deal, Boehner adjourned the House without passing the $60 million Hurricane Sandy relief bill. Some Representatives, especially from the Northeast and including Republicans as well as Democrats, and New Jersey Governor Chris Christie harshly criticized Boehner.[57] Boehner later promised to pass the bill.[58] However, some commentators praised Boehner for not passing a bill they saw as full of pork barrel.[59]

Challenged 2015 House Chair election

Many Republicans were ready for a new House of Representatives Chairman following the 2014 mid-term elections. EMC Research reported 60% of participants in their telephone survey wanted a new chairman.[60] In the end there were a total of 25 votes against Boehner, 29 were needed in order to choose a new speaker. Boehner responded by removing those who opposed him from influential committees.[61]

Political positions

Boehner introducing then-president George W. Bush in Troy, Ohio in 2003
Boehner introducing then-president George W. Bush in Troy, Ohio in 2003

A profile in the Pittsburgh Tribune-Review said, "On both sides of the aisle, Boehner earns praise for candor and an ability to listen."[62] The Plain Dealer says Boehner "has perfected the art of disagreeing without being disagreeable."[63]

Boehner has been classified as a "hard-core conservative" by OnTheIssues.[64] Although Boehner has a conservative voting record, when he was running for House leadership, religious conservatives in the GOP expressed that they were not satisfied with his positions. According to the Washington Post: "From illegal immigration to sanctions on China to an overhaul of the pension system, Boehner, as chairman of the House Committee on Education and the Workforce, took ardently pro-business positions that were contrary to those of many in his party. Religious conservatives – examining his voting record – see him as a policymaker driven by small-government economic concerns, not theirs."[65]

Boehner opposes same-sex marriage, as evidenced by his vote for the Federal Marriage Amendment in both 2004 and 2006. In a letter to the Human Rights Campaign, Boehner stated, "I oppose any legislation that would provide special rights for homosexuals... Please be assured that I will continue to work to protect the idea of the traditional family as one of the fundamental tenets of western civilization."[66][67]

On May 25, 2006, Boehner issued a statement defending his agenda and attacking his "Democrat friends" such as Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi. Boehner said regarding national security that voters "have a choice between a Republican Party that understands the stakes and is dedicated to victory, and a Democrat Party with a non-existent national security policy that sheepishly dismisses the challenges of a post-9/11 world and is all too willing to concede defeat on the battlefield in Iraq."

Boehner is a signer of Americans for Tax Reform's Taxpayer Protection Pledge.[68]

In June 2013, Boehner labeled former NSA contractor Edward Snowden a traitor after his leaks went public.[69]

"I'm not qualified to debate the science over climate change," Boehner said at a press conference on May 29, 2014 at which he criticized proposed federal regulations on coal-fired power plants.[70][71][72]

In 2011, Boehner opposed the NATO-led military intervention in Libya.[73] In 2015, Boehner supported the Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen, saying: "I applaud the Saudis for taking this action to protect their homeland and to protect their own neighborhood."[74]

Financial crisis

Speaker Boehner meets with President Obama at the White House during the 2011 debt ceiling increase negotiations
Speaker Boehner meets with President Obama at the White House during the 2011 debt ceiling increase negotiations

On September 18, 2008, Congressman Boehner attended a closed meeting with congressional leaders, then-Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson and Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke, and was urged to craft legislation to help financially troubled banks. That same day (trade effective the next day), Congressman Boehner cashed out of an equity mutual fund.[75]

On October 3, 2008 Boehner voted in favor of the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP),[76] believing that the enumerated powers grant Congress the authority to "purchase assets and equity from financial institutions in order to strengthen its financial sector."

Boehner has been highly critical of several initiatives by the Democratic Congress and President Barack Obama, including the "cap and trade" plan that Boehner says would hurt job growth in his congressional district and elsewhere. He opposed the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and said that, if Republicans took control of the House of Representatives in the 2010 elections, they would do whatever it takes to stop the act. One option would be to defund the administrative aspect of the Act, not paying "one dime" to pay the salaries of the workers who would administer the plan.[77] He also led an opposition to the 2009 stimulus and to Obama's first budget proposal, promoting instead an alternative economic recovery plan[78] and a Republican budget (authored by Ranking Rep. Paul Ryan, R-WI).[79] He has advocated for an across-the-board spending freeze, including entitlement programs. Boehner favors making changes in Social Security, such as by raising the retirement age to 70 for people who have at least 20 years until retirement, as well as tying cost-of-living increases to the consumer price index rather than wage inflation, and limiting payments to those who need them.[77]

In 2011, Boehner called the No Taxpayer Funding for Abortion Act "one of our highest legislative priorities."[80][81]

In 2013, Boehner led his caucus in a strategy to hold Defense spending hostage in order to avoid reducing the deficit with revenue increases.[82]

As Republican House Leader, Boehner was a Democratic target for criticism of Republican views and political positions. In July 2010, President Barack Obama began singling out Boehner for criticism during his speeches.[83] In one speech, Obama mentioned Boehner's name nine times[84] and accused him of believing that police, firefighters, and teachers were jobs "not worth saving."[85]

Later career


Boehner made headlines in April 2016 when he referred to Republican presidential candidate Ted Cruz as "Lucifer in the flesh" in an interview at Stanford University.[86] On May 12, after Donald Trump became the presumptive Republican nominee, Boehner's support for him became public, though he distanced himself on several policies and expressed satisfaction with Cruz not securing the nomination: "Thank God the guy from Texas didn't win."[87] On February 23, 2017, Boehner predicted Republicans would "fix" the Affordable Care Act and give it a different name as opposed to their stated intent to repeal and replace.[88]

On August 17, 2020, a spokesperson for Boehner stated that he would not endorse either President Trump or Joe Biden for the 2020 election saying "The answer is no. I think he’d rather set himself on fire than get involved in the election. Nothing to see here."[89]


Boehner joined the board of tobacco company Reynolds American on September 15, 2016.[90]

In 2018 Boehner joined the board of Acreage Holdings, a cannabis corporation, to promote the medical use of cannabis and advocate for federal de-scheduling of the drug (a shift from his previous stance while in Congress).[91] In 2019 Boehner was named chair of the National Cannabis Roundtable, a cannabis lobbying organization.[92]


In reporting his pending retirement, Politico summarized his Speakership:

Boehner came into power on the momentum of the 2010 tea party wave. But it was that movement that gave him constant problems. He clashed with social conservatives over the debt limit, government funding, Obamacare and taxes. But his tenure will also be remembered for his complicated relationship with President Barack Obama. He and Obama tried — but repeatedly failed — to cut a deal on a sweeping fiscal agreement. But Boehner has had some significant victories, including the trade deal that Congress passed this year, and changes to entitlement programs.[93]

Paul Kane in the Washington Post emphasizes how none of the "big deals" he sought were ever reached:

Boehner never landed the really big deal he craved. Not the $4 trillion tax-and-entitlement deal he reached for in 2011, not the repackaged version a year later and not the immigration overhaul he sought in 2014.[94]

Furthermore, Kane argues, Boehner's persona alienated conservative Republicans who demanded more vigorous attacks on Obama and instead perceived, "a country club Republican who loved to play 18 holes of golf and drink merlot afterward while cutting deals. In an era of shouting and confrontation, on talk radio or cable TV, Boehner's easygoing style did not fit."[95]

Personal life

Boehner and his wife Debbie were married in 1973, and live in the Wetherington section of West Chester Township. They have two daughters, Lindsay and Tricia.[96]

On May 15, 2016, Boehner was awarded the Laetare Medal, considered the highest honor for American Catholics, by the University of Notre Dame. The medal was awarded in conjunction with Joe Biden.[97][98]

Electoral history

Congressional elections

Ohio's 8th congressional district election, 1990[99]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John Boehner 99,955 61.1
Democratic Gregory Jolivette 63,584 38.9
Ohio's 8th congressional district election, 1992[99]
* denotes incumbent
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John Boehner* 176,362 74
Democratic Fred Sennet 62,033 26
Ohio's 8th congressional district election, 1994[99]
* denotes incumbent
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John Boehner* 148,338 100
write-in 87 0
Ohio's 8th congressional district election, 1996[99]
* denotes incumbent
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John Boehner* 127,979 70
Democratic Jeffrey Kitchen 52,912 26
Natural Law William Baker 8,613 4
Ohio's 8th congressional district election, 1998[99]
* denotes incumbent
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John Boehner* 127,979 71
Democratic John W. Griffin 52,912 29
Ohio's 8th congressional district election, 2000[99]
* denotes incumbent
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John Boehner* 179,756 71
Democratic John G. Parks 66,293 26
Libertarian David Shock 7,254 3
Ohio's 8th congressional district election, 2002[99]
* denotes incumbent
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John Boehner* 119,947 71
Democratic Jeff Hardenbrook 49,444 29
Ohio's 8th congressional district election, 2004[99]
* denotes incumbent
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John Boehner* 201,675 69
Democratic Jeff Hardenbrook 90,574 31
Ohio's 8th congressional district election, 2006[99]
* denotes incumbent
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John Boehner* 136,863 64
Democratic Mort Meier 77,640 36
Ohio's 8th congressional district election, 2008[99]
* denotes incumbent
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John Boehner* 202,063 68
Democratic Nicholas Van Stein 95,510 32
Ohio's 8th congressional district election, 2010[99]
* denotes incumbent
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John Boehner* 142,731 66
Democratic Justin Coussoule 65,883 30
Libertarian David Harlow 5,121 2
Constitution James Condit 3,701 2
Ohio's 8th congressional district election, 2012[99]
* denotes incumbent
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John Boehner* 246,378 99.2
Constitution James Condit 1,938 0.8
Ohio's 8th congressional district election, 2014[99]
* denotes incumbent
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John Boehner* 126,539 67.2
Democratic Tom Poetter 51,534 27.4
Constitution James Condit 10,257 5.4

Speaker of the House elections

2007 election for Speaker – 110th Congress[100]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Nancy Pelosi (CA 8) 233 53.56
Republican John Boehner (OH 8) 202 46.44
Total votes 435 100
Votes necessary 218 >50
2009 election for Speaker – 111th Congress[101]
* denotes incumbent
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Nancy Pelosi* (CA 8) 255 53.56
Republican John Boehner (OH 8) 174 40.56
Total votes 429 100
Votes necessary 215 >50
2011 election for Speaker – 112th Congress[102]
* denotes incumbent
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John Boehner (OH 8) 241 55.88
Democratic Nancy Pelosi* (CA 8) 173 39.96
Democratic Heath Shuler (NC 11) 11 2.53
Democratic John Lewis (GA 5) 2 0.48
Democratic Dennis Cardoza (CA 18) 1 0.23
Democratic Jim Costa (CA 20) 1 0.23
Democratic Jim Cooper (TN 5) 1 0.23
Democratic Steny Hoyer (MD 5) 1 0.23
Democratic Marcy Kaptur (OH 9) 1 0.23
Total votes 432 100
Votes necessary 217 >50
2013 election for Speaker – 113th Congress[103]
* denotes incumbent
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John Boehner* (OH 8) 220 51.64
Democratic Nancy Pelosi (CA 12) 192 45.04
Republican Eric Cantor (VA 7) 3 0.70
Democratic Jim Cooper (TN 5) 2 0.47
Republican Allen West[b] 2 0.47
Republican Justin Amash (MI 3) 1 0.24
Democratic John Dingell (MI 12) 1 0.24
Republican Jim Jordan (OH 4) 1 0.24
Republican Raúl Labrador (ID 1) 1 0.24
Democratic John Lewis (GA 5) 1 0.24
Republican Colin Powell[b] 1 0.24
Republican David Walker[b] 1 0.24
Total votes 426 100
Votes necessary 214 >50
2015 election for Speaker (Regular) – 114th Congress[105]
* denotes incumbent
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John Boehner* (OH 8) 216 52.95
Democratic Nancy Pelosi (CA 12) 164 40.20
Republican Dan Webster (FL 10) 12 2.95
Republican Louie Gohmert (TX 1) 3 0.74
Republican Ted Yoho (FL 3) 2 2.50
Republican Jim Jordan (OH 4) 2 0.50
Republican Jeff Duncan (SC 3) 1 0.24
Republican Rand Paul[b] 1 0.24
Republican Colin Powell[b] 1 0.24
Republican Trey Gowdy (SC 4) 1 0.24
Republican Kevin McCarthy (CA 23) 1 0.24
Democratic Jim Cooper (TN 5) 1 0.24
Democratic Peter DeFazio (OR 4) 1 0.24
Republican Jeff Sessions[b] 1 0.24
Democratic John Lewis (GA 5) 1 0.24
Total votes 408 100
Votes necessary 205 >50

Boehner received a majority of the votes cast, and thus won the election, but failed to obtain a majority of the full membership (218).[104]


  1. ^ The German pronunciation of the Low German surname Boehner/Böhner is [ˈbøːnər];[1] however, Boehner's biography at recommends the pronunciation /ˈbnər/ BAY-nər.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Not a member of the House at the time.[104]


  1. ^ Hanks, Patrick, ed. (2003). Dictionary of American Family Names. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 181. ISBN 0-19-508137-4.
  2. ^ a b c "John Boehner – 8th District of Ohio". U.S. House of Representatives. Archived from the original on May 13, 2009. Retrieved July 13, 2009.
  3. ^ "Boehner takes charge as new Congress convenes". CNN. January 5, 2011.
  4. ^ "John Boehner Joins Squire Patton Boggs, Law Firm Known for Lobbying". Retrieved March 1, 2017.
  5. ^ Harnden, Toby. "John Boehner: the second of twelve kids". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved September 14, 2010.
  6. ^ "Office of Speaker Boehner's Photos – January 2011". Facebook.
  7. ^ Thompson, Clifford (2006). Current Biography Yearbook 2006. H.W. Wilson Company. p. 58. ISBN 978-0-8242-1074-8.
  8. ^ "boehner". Archived from the original on October 15, 2014. Retrieved October 28, 2013.
  9. ^ [5][6][2][7][8]
  10. ^ a b c Banikarim, Susie; Francis, Enjoli (November 3, 2010). "'American Dream': John Boehner Set to Take House Helm". ABC News.
  11. ^ Harnden, Toby (September 17, 2010). "John Boehner: the second of 12 kids from Ohio who is Barack Obama's elitist target". The Daily Telegraph. London.
  12. ^ Grunwald, Michael; Newton-Small, Jay (November 5, 2010). "Tanned, Tested, Ready: John Boehner". Time. Retrieved October 28, 2013.
  13. ^ Brian Williams (interviewer) and John Boehner (interviewee) (January 6, 2011). Boehner talks about tearfulness: 'It's who I am'. NBC Nightly News. Event occurs at 3:03.
  14. ^ Peter J. Boyer (December 13, 2010). "House Rule". The New Yorker.
  15. ^ Catalina Camia (December 6, 2010). "Boehner: Tea Party rally showed him need for strong GOP". USA Today.
  16. ^ "John Boehner: Speaker-in-Waiting?". CBS News. October 21, 2010.
  17. ^ Jennifer Steinhauer and Carl Hulse (October 14, 2010). "Boehner's Path to Power Began in Southern Ohio". The New York Times.
  18. ^ Eric Bradley (October 4, 2010). "John Boehner rose from humble roots". Cincinnati Enquirer.
  19. ^ Deirdre Walsh (August 31, 2010). "President's critic powerful insider, little-known outside the Beltway". CNN. Archived from the original on July 7, 2012.
  20. ^ [13][14][15][16][17][18][19]
  21. ^ Weiser, Carl.  "Military service rare on delegation," Cincinnati Enquirer, 23 September 2002, accessed October 12, 2013.
  22. ^ Boehner, John Andrew. US House of Representatives: History, Art & Archives. Retrieved March 16, 2015.
  23. ^ a b c d e Alberta, Tim (November 1, 2017). "John Boehner Unchained". Politio. Retrieved October 30, 2017.
  24. ^ "State Races: Ohio 2006 Elections". CNN. November 2006. Retrieved March 16, 2006.
  25. ^ "State Election Results". CNN. January 12, 2009. Retrieved November 22, 2010.
  26. ^ Official candidate list Archived June 14, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, Ohio Secretary of State
  27. ^ A Rabble-Rouser, Then and Now, New York Times, Carl Hulse, July 4, 2009
  28. ^ "Attempted Republican Coup: Ready, Aim, Misfire". CNN. Retrieved May 20, 2010.
  29. ^ Gingrich, Newt (1998). Lessons Learned the Hard Way. HarperCollins Publishers. pp. 159–160. ISBN 978-0-06-019106-1.
  30. ^ George F. Will (September 14, 2003). "Today's principle civil rights fight". Pittsburgh Tribune-Review. Archived from the original on July 20, 2012. Retrieved August 23, 2010.
  31. ^ Rotherham, Andrew J. (November 4, 2010). "Will John Boehner Be Good for Education?". Time. Retrieved October 28, 2013.
  32. ^ Rudalevige, Andrew (June 10, 2002). "Accountability and Avoidance in the Bush Education Plan: The 'No Child Left Behind Act of 2001.'" (PDF). "Taking Account of Accountability" Conference, Program on Education Policy and Governance. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University.
  33. ^ a b Grunwald, Michael; Newton-Small, Jay (November 5, 2010). "Tanned, Tested, Ready: John Boehner". Time. Retrieved October 28, 2013.
  34. ^ "Roll Call". Archived from the original on February 4, 2006. Retrieved 2006-02-04.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  35. ^ "CNN". CNN. February 2, 2006. Retrieved June 14, 2010.
  36. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on September 18, 2008. Retrieved 2009-04-25.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  37. ^ "Boehner: New Leadership "Reflects a New Majority Ready to Listen and Go to Work". Office of the House Republican Leader. November 17, 2010. Archived from the original on November 22, 2010. Retrieved November 19, 2010.
  38. ^ "Boehner favored as 61st House Speaker on his 61st birthday". November 17, 2010. Retrieved November 17, 2010.
  39. ^ Sanburn, Josh (January 6, 2011). "Boehner's Large Gavel: Why Is New Speaker's Gavel So Big?". Time. Retrieved October 28, 2013.
  40. ^ "Representative John Boehner's Voting Records". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved October 11, 2013.
  41. ^ Silver, Nate (January 4, 2013). "Were the G.O.P. Votes Against Boehner a Historic Rejection?". The New York Times. Retrieved January 8, 2013.
  42. ^ Kane, Paul (January 3, 2013). "John Boehner reelected as House speaker". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 4, 2013.
  43. ^ Richter, Greg. "Boehner Tells Leno He Won't Give Up Wine, Golf to Be President". Newsmax. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
  44. ^ CASSATA, DONNA (July 10, 2014). "House GOP Moves Ahead on Suing Obama". Associated Press. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
  45. ^ Acosta, Jim (July 11, 2014). "White House: GOP voted to delay Obamacare mandate". CNN. Retrieved July 11, 2014.
  46. ^ Levey, Noam N. (November 22, 2014). "House Republicans sue Obama over Affordable Care Act enactment". Tribune Washington Bureau. Retrieved November 22, 2014.
  47. ^ Steinhauer, Jennifer (September 25, 2015). "John Boehner Will Resign From Congress". The New York Times. Retrieved October 8, 2015.
  48. ^ Mike DeBonis, Robert Costa and Rosalind S. Helderman (October 8, 2015). "House Majority Leader Kevin McCarthy drops out of race for House speaker". Washington Post. Retrieved October 31, 2015.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  49. ^ Manu Raju, Deirdre Walsh, Tal Kopan and Dana Bash (October 21, 2015). "After caucus vote, Paul Ryan is pushing ahead with speaker bid". Retrieved October 31, 2015.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  50. ^ Mike DeBonis (October 29, 2015). "Paul Ryan elected House speaker". Washington Post. Retrieved October 31, 2015.
  51. ^ Henry J. Gomez (October 30, 2015). "John Boehner exits, John Kasich books Stephen Colbert: Ohio Politics Roundup". Retrieved October 31, 2015.
  52. ^ Dana Milbank (February 3, 2006). "Boehner Makes His Political Comeback". Washington Post. Retrieved November 22, 2010.
  53. ^ 'The Rachel Maddow Show' (transcript), September 30, 2010
  54. ^ See House Rule IV 7 at Archived August 29, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
  55. ^ Lipton, Eric (September 11, 2010). "A G.O.P. Leader Tightly Bound to Lobbyists". New York Times.
  56. ^ Trescott, Jacqueline (December 1, 2010). "Portrait Gallery removes crucifix video from exhibit after complaints". The Washington Post.
  57. ^ "Gov. Chris Christie Slams GOP Leader Boehner". ABC news. January 2013. Retrieved June 16, 2013.
  58. ^ "Boehner committed to move Hurricane Sandy relief bill in January". The Hill. January 2013. Retrieved June 16, 2013.
  59. ^ "What Did Congress Do About Hurricane Sandy? Rape it for What It's Worth!". RedState. January 2013. Retrieved June 16, 2013.
  60. ^ "National Telephone Survey of Republican Voters". EMC Research. January 2014. Retrieved January 5, 2014.
  61. ^ "Boehner takes revenge". Politico. January 6, 2014. Retrieved January 6, 2014.
  62. ^ Salena Zito (May 10, 2009). "Boehner's job: Recapture 'squandered' GOP brand". Pittsburgh Tribune-Review. Archived from the original on May 13, 2009. Retrieved June 3, 2009.
  63. ^ Sabrina Eaton (March 8, 2009). "House Republican leader John Boehner of Ohio helps unite GOP". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved June 3, 2009.
  64. ^ "John Boehner on the Issues". Retrieved June 14, 2010.
  65. ^ Weisman, Jonathan (February 12, 2006). "Washington Post". Retrieved June 14, 2010.
  66. ^ Equality magazine. Winter 2011 issue. "Vigilance!", page 5.
  67. ^ "John Boehner on Civil Rights". On the Issues. Retrieved October 28, 2013.
  68. ^ "The Taxpayer Protection Pledge Signers 112th Congressional List" (PDF). Americans for Tax Reform. Retrieved November 30, 2011.
  69. ^ LoGiurato, Brett (June 11, 2013). "John Boehner: Edward Snowden Is A 'Traitor'". San Francisco Chronicle.
  70. ^ Berman, Russell (May 29, 2014). "Boehner 'not qualified' to debate climate change". The Hill. Retrieved March 20, 2015.
  71. ^ Frumin, Aliyah (May 29, 2014). "John Boehner: I'm 'not qualified' to debate climate change". MSNBC. Retrieved March 20, 2015.
  72. ^ Davenport, Coral (October 30, 2014). "Why Republicans Keep Telling Everyone They're Not Scientists". New York Times. Retrieved March 20, 2015.
  73. ^ "Boehner: House not with McCain on Libya campaign". CNN. June 22, 2011.
  74. ^ "Saudi Arabia Gets Bipartisan Backing for Yemen Airstrikes". U.S. News. March 27, 2015. Archived from the original on March 28, 2015.
  75. ^ "Lawmakers' inside advantage to trading" Marketplace. September 17, 2009. Retrieved September 20, 2009
  76. ^ Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 Office of the Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives. October 3, 2008.
  77. ^ a b Wereschagin, Mike; Zito, Salena (June 29, 2010), "Obama's good for GOP, Boehner says", Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, archived from the original on July 2, 2010, retrieved September 12, 2010
  78. ^ "House GOP Economic Recovery Alternative Will Create 6.2 Million New American Jobs | Republican Leader John Boehner". Archived from the original on June 8, 2010. Retrieved June 14, 2010.
  79. ^ "Budget Committee Republicans, U.S. House of Representatives, Washington, D.C". January 4, 2009. Archived from the original on March 6, 2010. Retrieved June 14, 2010.
  80. ^ Somashekhar, Sandhya. "Legislative proposal puts abortion rights supporters on alert." Washington Post, February 1, 2011.
  81. ^ Boehner, John. Boehner press release on HR 3 Archived February 4, 2011, at the Wayback Machine January 20, 2011.
  82. ^ "Republicans Target Their Own Voters In Defense Budget Switch". Forbes. January 18, 2012. Retrieved October 28, 2013.
  83. ^ Yunji de Nies and Sunlen Miller (July 30, 2010) [1] ABC News
  84. ^ Toby Harnden (September 17, 2010) John Boehner: the second of 12 kids from Ohio who is Barack Obama's elitist target The Daily Telegraph
  85. ^ Frank James (September 12, 2010) Obama Takes Boehner On By Name; Shades Of Clinton-Gingrich NPR
  86. ^ Peterson, Kristina (April 28, 2016). "John Boehner Calls Ted Cruz 'Lucifer in the Flesh'". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved April 28, 2016.
  87. ^ Mattingly, Phil (May 12, 2016). "John Boehner backs Donald Trump, thanks God Cruz didn't win". CNN.
  88. ^ Burlij, Terence (February 24, 2017). "Boehner: Obamacare repeal and replace 'not what's going to happen'". CNN.
  89. ^ Budryk, Zack (August 18, 2020). "Boehner won't say whether he'd back Biden over Trump". The Hill. Retrieved August 22, 2020.
  90. ^ Egan, Matt (September 15, 2016). "Heavy smoker John Boehner joins tobacco company's board - Sep. 15, 2016". Retrieved March 1, 2017.
  91. ^ Gstalter, Morgan. "Boehner joins cannabis company board to push for medical use". The Hill. Retrieved April 11, 2018.
  92. ^ Tucker, Randy; Borchardt, Jackie (February 8, 2019). "John Boehner to chair new national cannabis lobbying group". The Cincinnati Enquirer. Retrieved March 5, 2019.
  93. ^ Jake Sherman, Anna Palmer, John Bresnahan and Lauren French, "Speaker John Boehner retiring from Congress at the end of October" POLITICO Sept. 25, 2015
  94. ^ Paul Kane, "After nearly five years, Boehner could never land the 'big deal' he wanted" Washington Post Sept 25, 2015
  95. ^ Paul Kane, "After nearly five years, Boehner could never land the 'big deal' he wanted"
  96. ^ James Rowley (October 28, 2010). "Boehner's Blue-Collar Roots Frame Possible Next Speaker's Views". Business Week. New York, NY: Bloomberg L.P. Archived from the original on June 28, 2011. Retrieved November 22, 2010.
  97. ^ May 16, Religion News Service (May 16, 2016). "Biden, Boehner receive high Catholic honor". NewBostonPost. Retrieved July 31, 2020. Cite has empty unknown parameter: |1= (help)
  98. ^ "Joe Biden and John Boehner: Our Faith Inspires Political Compromise". Time. Retrieved July 31, 2020.
  99. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Election Statistics". Office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives. Archived from the original on December 26, 2007. Retrieved January 10, 2008.
  100. ^ "153 Cong. Rec. 2 (2007)" (PDF). Congressional Record. Washington, D.C.: United States Government Publishing Office. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  101. ^ "155 Cong. Rec. 3 (2009)" (PDF). Congressional Record. Washington, D.C.: United States Government Publishing Office. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  102. ^ "157 Cong. Rec. 75 (2011)" (PDF). Congressional Record. Washington, D.C.: United States Government Publishing Office. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  103. ^ "159 Cong. Rec. 21 (2013)" (PDF). Congressional Record. Washington, D.C.: United States Government Publishing Office. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  104. ^ a b Heitshusen, Valerie; Beth, Richard S. (January 4, 2019). "Speakers of the House: Elections, 1913–2019" (PDF). CRS Report for Congress. Washington, D.C.: Congressional Research Service, the Library of Congress. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  105. ^ "161 Cong. Rec. 29 (2015)" (PDF). Congressional Record. Washington, D.C.: United States Government Publishing Office. Retrieved March 24, 2019.

Further reading

  • Barone, Michael, and Grant Ujifusa, The Almanac of American Politics 2006: The Senators, the Representatives and the Governors: Their Records and Election Results, Their States and Districts (2005) pp. 1328–32.

External links

This page was last edited on 12 October 2020, at 21:55
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.