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2020 Republican Party presidential primaries

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

2020 Republican Party presidential primaries

← 2016
2024 →

2,552[a] delegate votes (2,442 pledged and 110 unpledged) to the Republican National Convention[1]
1,276[1] delegates votes needed to win

Previous Republican nominee

Donald Trump



The 2020 Republican Party presidential primaries and caucuses will be a series of elections taking place in many U.S. states, the District of Columbia, and five U.S. territories. These events will elect most of the 2,550[a] delegates to send to the Republican National Convention. Delegates to the national convention may otherwise be elected by the respective state party organizations. The delegates to the national convention will vote, by ballot, to select the Republican Party's nominee for president of the United States in the 2020 election, where the majority will be bound by the results of their respective state contests on the first ballot. The delegates also approve the party platform and vice-presidential nominee.

Incumbent president Donald Trump informally launched his bid for re-election on February 18, 2017. He launched his reelection campaign earlier in his presidency than any of his predecessors did. He was followed by former governor of Massachusetts Bill Weld, who announced his campaign on April 15, 2019, former Illinois congressman Joe Walsh, who declared his candidacy on August 25, 2019. Former governor of South Carolina and U.S. representative Mark Sanford launched the third primary challenge on September 8, 2019.

In February 2019, the Republican National Committee voted to provide undivided support to Trump.[2][3] Seven states have decided to cancel their primaries and caucuses.[4]

Candidates

Numerous pundits, journalists and politicians have speculated that President Donald Trump might face a significant Republican primary challenger in 2020 because of his historic unpopularity in polls, his supposed association with allegations of Russian interference in the 2016 United States elections, impeachment proceedings, and his support of unpopular policies.[5][6][7]

After re-enrolling as a Republican in January 2019,[8] former Republican governor of Massachusetts and 2016 Libertarian vice presidential nominee Bill Weld announced the formation of a 2020 presidential exploratory committee on February 15, 2019.[9] Weld announced his 2020 presidential candidacy on April 15, 2019.[10] Weld is considered a long-shot challenger because of Trump's popularity with Republicans; furthermore, Weld's views on abortion rights, gay marriage, marijuana legalization, and other issues conflict with conservative positions.[11]

Former U.S. representative Joe Walsh was a strong Trump supporter in 2016, but gradually became critical of the president. On August 25, 2019, Walsh officially declared his candidacy against Trump, calling Trump an "unfit con man".[12]

In 2017, there were rumors of a potential bipartisan ticket consisting of Republican Ohio governor and 2016 presidential candidate John Kasich and Democratic Colorado governor John Hickenlooper.[13] Kasich and Hickenlooper denied those rumors.[14][15] In November 2018, however, Kasich asserted that he was "very seriously" considering a White House bid in 2020.[16] In August 2019, he indicated that he did not see a path to victory over Trump in a Republican primary at that time, but that his opinion might change in the future.[17]

Former South Carolina governor and former U.S. representative Mark Sanford officially declared his candidacy on September 8,[18] but withdrew from the race on November 12, 2019.[19]

Some prominent Trump critics within the GOP, including 2016 presidential candidate Carly Fiorina,[20] former U.S. senator Jeff Flake,[21] Maryland governor Larry Hogan,[22] and former Massachusetts governor and current U.S. senator Mitt Romney[23] have said they will not run for president in 2020.

Declared major candidates

The following three major candidates have either (a) held public office, (b) been included in a minimum of five independent national polls, or (c) received substantial media coverage.[24][25][26]


Name Born Experience Home
state
Campaign
Announcement date
Bound
delegates
(hard count)[27]
Popular
vote[27]
Contests won[b]
Donald Trump official portrait (cropped).jpg

Donald Trump
June 14, 1946
(age 73)
Queens, New York
President of the United States (2017–present)
Businessman, television personality, real estate developer
Flag of Florida.svg

Florida[29]
TrumpPenceKAG.png

Campaign
Campaign (informal): February 17, 2017
Campaign (official): June 18, 2019

FEC filing[30]
19
(0.78%)
None
(0%)
1
Hawaii[31]
Congressman Joe Walsh, Nationally Syndicated Radio Host on Stairs (cropped).jpg

Joe Walsh
December 27, 1961
(age 58)
North Barrington, Illinois
U.S. representative from IL-08 (2011–2013)
Conservative talk radio host
Flag of Illinois.svg

Illinois
Joe Walsh 2020 Logo-black.svg

Campaign
Campaign: August 25, 2019
FEC filing[32]
0
(0%)
None
(0%)
0
William Weld (27787013954) (cropped).jpg

Bill Weld
July 31, 1945
(age 74)
Smithtown, New York
Governor of Massachusetts (1991–1997)
Libertarian nominee for Vice President in 2016
Nominee for U.S. Senate from Massachusetts in 1996
Flag of Massachusetts.svg

Massachusetts
Bill Weld campaign 2020.png

Campaign
Exploratory committee: February 15, 2019
Campaign: April 15, 2019

FEC filing[33]
0
(0%)
None
(0%)
0


Besides the three major candidates, more than 100 others who have not met the criteria above to be deemed major have also filed with the Federal Election Commission to run for president in the 2020 Republican Party primaries.[34] Other notable candidates who remain active in the campaign include:

On the ballot in one or more states

Minor Republican candidates
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Bob Ely
Republican Rocky de la Fuente
Republican Zoltan Istvan

Not on the ballot anywhere

Withdrew before the primaries

The candidate in this section was a major candidate who withdrew or suspended his campaign before the 2020 Republican primary elections began.

Candidate Born Experience State Campaign
announced
Campaign
suspended
Article Ref.
Mark Sanford (12370) (cropped).jpg

Mark Sanford
May 28, 1960
(age 59)
Fort Lauderdale, Florida
U.S. representative from SC-01 (1995–2001, 2013–2019)
Governor of South Carolina (2003–2011)
Flag of South Carolina.svg

South Carolina
September 8, 2019 November 12, 2019
Mark Sanford 2020.png

Campaign
FEC filing[38]
[18][19]


Declined to be candidates

The individuals in this section have been the subject of 2020 presidential speculation but have publicly said they will not seek the presidency in 2020.

Debates

The Republican National Committee (RNC) has made no plans to host any official primary debates. On May 3, 2018, the party voted to eliminate their debate committee, which, according to CNN, served as "a warning to would-be Republican rivals of President Donald Trump about his strong support among party loyalists".[101] Trump has declined any interest in participating in any primary debates, saying he was "not looking to give [opponents] any credibility".[102] Debates among the challengers have been scheduled without the RNC's involvement.

Business Insider hosted a debate on September 24 featuring two of Trump's primary challengers. It took place at the news outlet's headquarters in New York City, and was hosted by Business Insider's CEO Henry Blodgett, politics editor Anthony Fisher, and columnist Linette Lopez.[103] Walsh and Weld agreed to attend, but Sanford had a scheduling conflict and eventually declined.[104][105] An invitation was also sent to the president, but he also declined.[105]

Politicon held a debate between Sanford, Walsh, and Weld on October 26 at its 2019 convention in Nashville, Tennessee[106] and Forbes also held a debate between the three on October 28 at its Under 30 Summit in Detroit, Michigan.[107]

Both Walsh and Weld have taken part in a few Democratic forums.[108][109][110]

Cancellation of state caucuses or primaries

The Washington Examiner reported on December 19, 2018, that the South Carolina Republican Party had not ruled out forgoing a primary contest to protect Trump from any primary challengers. Party chairman Drew McKissick stated, "Considering the fact that the entire party supports the president, we'll end up doing what's in the president's best interest."[111] On January 24, another Washington Examiner report indicated that the Kansas Republican Party was "likely" to scrap its presidential caucus to "save resources".[112]

In August 2019, the Associated Press reported that the Nevada Republican Party was also contemplating canceling their caucuses, with the state party spokesman, Keith Schipper, saying it "isn't about any kind of conspiracy theory about protecting the president ... He's going to be the nominee ... This is about protecting resources to make sure that the president wins in Nevada and that Republicans up and down the ballot win in 2020."[113]

On September 6, both of Trump's main challengers at the time, Bill Weld and Joe Walsh, criticized these cancellations as undemocratic.[114] The Trump campaign and GOP officials cited the fact that Republicans canceled several state primaries when George H.W. Bush and George W. Bush sought a second term in 1992 and 2004, respectively; and Democrats scrapped some of their primaries when Bill Clinton and Barack Obama were seeking reelection in 1996 and 2012, respectively.[115][116] Weld and Walsh were joined by Mark Sanford in a joint op-ed in the Washington Post on September 13, 2019 which criticized the party for cancelling those primaries.[117]

Kansas,[118] Nevada and South Carolina's state committees officially voted on September 7, 2019, to cancel their caucus and primary.[4] The Arizona state Republican Party indicated two days later that it will not hold a primary.[119] These four were joined by the Alaska state Republican party on September 21, when its central committee announced they would not hold a presidential primary.[120]

Virginia Republicans decided to allocate delegates at the state convention.[121]

The Nevada State committee chairman said the committee would meet on February 23, 2020 and bind their delegates to President Trump.[122]

The Hawaii GOP voted to cancel their primary and bind its 19 delegates to Trump on December 11.[123]


Timeline

Overview

Active campaign
Exploratory committee
Withdrawn candidate
Midterm elections
Iowa caucuses
Super Tuesday
Republican convention
Mark Sanford 2020 presidential campaignBill Weld 2020 presidential campaignJoe Walsh 2020 presidential campaignDonald Trump 2020 presidential campaign

2017–2018

Incumbent President Donald Trump speaking at his first campaign rally in Melbourne, Florida, on February 18, 2017
Incumbent President Donald Trump speaking at his first campaign rally in Melbourne, Florida, on February 18, 2017

2019

Bill Weld announcing the formation of his exploratory committee on February 15, 2019
Bill Weld announcing the formation of his exploratory committee on February 15, 2019
  • January 17: Former Massachusetts governor Bill Weld changes his voter registration from Libertarian back to Republican, furthering speculation he will announce a primary challenge against Trump.[128]
  • January 23: The Republican National Committee votes unanimously to express "undivided support" of Trump's "effective presidency".[2]
  • February 11: President Trump holds his first mass rally since assuming the presidency in El Paso, Texas, with Brad Parscale, John Cornyn, Lance Berkman, Ted Cruz and Donald Trump Jr.[129]
  • February 15: Weld announces the formation of an exploratory committee, becoming the president's first official notable challenger.[130]
  • April 15: Weld officially announces his candidacy.[131]
  • June 1: Speculative challenger Maryland governor Larry Hogan announces that he will not run against Trump in the primary.[132]
  • June 18: Trump formally launches his 2020 re-election campaign at a rally in Orlando, Florida, with Donald Trump Jr., Mike Pence, Melania Trump, Karen Pence, Lara Trump, and Sarah Sanders.[133]
  • July 30: Intending to force President Trump to reveal his taxes, Democratic California governor Gavin Newsom signs a bill into state law requiring that presidential candidates release the last five years of their tax returns in order to qualify for the California primary ballot. Republican presidential candidate Rocky De La Fuente files suit directly challenging the constitutionality of the law.[134][135]
  • August 5–6: Additional lawsuits are filed by the Trump campaign, the Republican National Committee, the California Republican Party, and the conservative activist group Judicial Watch to challenge the California law requiring candidates to release their tax returns.[136][137]
  • August 25: Former Illinois congressman Joe Walsh officially announces his candidacy, becoming the president's second official notable challenger.[138]
  • September 7: Three state committees vote to cancel their respective primaries/caucuses: Kansas,[118] Nevada, and South Carolina.[4]
  • September 8:
    • Former South Carolina governor and congressman Mark Sanford officially announces his candidacy, becoming the president's third notable challenger.[18]
    • As the California law requiring candidates to disclose their tax returns works its way through the courts, the California Republican Party modifies its delegate selection rules as a stop-gap measure, changing its primary from a binding to a non-binding one with a party state convention selecting its national convention delegates directly.[139]
  • September 9: The Arizona Republican Party officially notifies Arizona secretary of state Katie Hobbs that they will scrap the Arizona Republican primary.[119]
  • September 21: The Alaska Republican Party cancels its parties' primary.[140]
  • September 23: Donald Trump qualifies for the Vermont primary.[141]
  • October 1: Deadline for state parties to file delegate selection plans with the Republican National Committee.[142]
  • October 26: Politicon debate between the main challengers.[106]
  • October 28: Forbes debate between the main challengers.[107]
  • October 31: Minnesota committee submits only Trump's name for the primary ballot.[143][144]
  • November 8: Filing deadline to appear on the Alabama Republican primary ballot. Mark Sanford and Joe Walsh failed to appear, while Donald Trump and Bill Weld both qualified.[145]
  • November 12:
  • November 15: Filing deadline to appear on the New Hampshire Republican primary ballot. Rocky De La Fuente, Donald Trump, Bill Weld, and Joe Walsh all qualified.[147]
  • November 21: The California Supreme Court declares that the state law requiring primary candidates to disclose their tax returns violates the state constitution and cannot be enforced.[148]
  • November 26: Rocky De La Fuente filed a lawsuit against the state of Minnesota alleging that its ballot access law for presidential primaries is unconstitutional. Minnesota had previously barred all other candidates from its Republican presidential primary other than Donald Trump on October 31.[149]
  • December 6: The California Secretary of State released the list of "Generally Recognized Presidential Candidates" for the upcoming March 3, 2020 election, including seven Republicans.[150]
  • December 11:
    • The Hawaii Republican state committee cancelled the caucuses and appointed 19 national convention delegates and bound them to Trump, who received his first official victory.[123]
    • A state court affirms the South Carolina's GOP's right to cancel its primary.[151]
  • December 18: The House of Representatives formally votes almost along party lines to impeach Trump.[152]
  • December 20: North Carolina announces that Walsh and Weld will appear on the ballot for their GOP primaries.[153] Jim Martin, a business-operator from Lake Elmo, Minnesota, joins with Rocky De La Fuente in suing the state in supreme court for empowering the Republican Party of Minnesota to only print Trump's name on primary ballots[154].

2020

  • January 9: Trump to hold his first "Keep America Great" Rally of the year at the Huntington Center in Toledo Ohio.[155]
  • January 17: Early voting begins in Minnesota. The primary begins at last.[156]

Primary and caucus calendar

The following anticipated primary and caucus dates may change depending on legislation passed before the scheduled primary dates.[157]

January
  • January 29: First of a series of "district conventions" in North Dakota, which elect delegates to the state convention; the state convention will select delegates for the national convention.[158]
  • January 31: The Kansas Republican convention, where the second delegation to the national convention will be chosen, and be officially bound to Trump.[159][160][118] will take place.
February
March
April
  • April 7: Wisconsin primary[157]
  • April 28: Connecticut, Delaware, Maryland, New York, Pennsylvania, and Rhode Island primaries[157]
May
  • May 5: Indiana primary[157]
  • May 12: Nebraska and West Virginia primaries[157]
  • May 19: Kentucky and Oregon primaries[157]
June
  • June 2: Montana, New Jersey, New Mexico, and South Dakota primaries[157]
Other primaries and caucuses
  • Not yet determined (dates of 2016 primaries/caucuses listed in parentheses): Wyoming (March 1), Virgin Islands (March 10), and Northern Mariana Islands (March 15) caucuses (February 20), and Georgia (March 1) primaries; District of Columbia, Guam (March 12), American Samoa (March 22) conventions.[157]
  • Cancellations: Alaska,[140] Arizona,[164] Hawaii,[123] Kansas,[165] Nevada,[166] South Carolina,[167] and Virginia.[121]

Ballot access

Filing for the Republican primaries began on October 2019. "Yes" means the candidate is on the ballot for the upcoming primary contest, and "No" means a candidate is not on the ballot. A "—" indicates that a candidate is not yet on the ballot, but the deadline to appear on the ballot has not yet passed. States that have not yet announced any candidates who are on the ballot are not included.

State Date Trump Walsh Weld Other Ref.
Iowa February 3 Green check.svg Yes Green check.svg Yes Green check.svg Yes Dark Red x.svg No [168]
New Hampshire February 11 Green check.svg Yes Green check.svg Yes Green check.svg Yes Green check.svg Yes[c] [147]
Alabama March 3 Green check.svg Yes Dark Red x.svg No Green check.svg Yes Green check.svg Yes[d] [169]
Arkansas March 3 Green check.svg Yes Dark Red x.svg No Green check.svg Yes Green check.svg Yes[d] [170]
California March 3 Green check.svg Yes Green check.svg Yes Green check.svg Yes Green check.svg Yes[e] [171]
Colorado March 3 Green check.svg Yes Green check.svg Yes Green check.svg Yes Green check.svg Yes[f] [172]
Maine March 3 Green check.svg Yes Dark Red x.svg No Dark Red x.svg No Dark Red x.svg No [173]
Massachusetts March 3 Green check.svg Yes Green check.svg Yes Green check.svg Yes Green check.svg Yes[d] [174][175]
Minnesota March 3 Green check.svg Yes Dark Red x.svg No Dark Red x.svg No Dark Red x.svg No [176]
North Carolina March 3 Green check.svg Yes Green check.svg Yes Green check.svg Yes Dark Red x.svg No [177]
Oklahoma March 3 Green check.svg Yes Green check.svg Yes Dark Red x.svg No Green check.svg Yes[g] [178]
Tennessee March 3 Green check.svg Yes Green check.svg Yes Green check.svg Yes Dark Red x.svg No [179]
Texas March 3 Green check.svg Yes Green check.svg Yes Green check.svg Yes Green check.svg Yes[g] [180]
Utah March 3 Green check.svg Yes Green check.svg Yes Green check.svg Yes Green check.svg Yes[h] [181]
Vermont March 3 Green check.svg Yes Dark Red x.svg No Green check.svg Yes Green check.svg Yes[d] [141]
Idaho March 10 Green check.svg Yes Green check.svg Yes Green check.svg Yes Green check.svg Yes[i] [182]
Michigan March 10 Green check.svg Yes Green check.svg Yes Green check.svg Yes Green check.svg Yes[j] [183]
Missouri March 10 Green check.svg Yes Green check.svg Yes Green check.svg Yes Green check.svg Yes[k] [184]
Florida March 17 Green check.svg Yes Green check.svg Yes Green check.svg Yes Green check.svg Yes[d] [185]
Illinois March 17 Green check.svg Yes Dark Red x.svg No Dark Red x.svg No Green check.svg Yes[l] [186]
Ohio March 17 Green check.svg Yes Dark Red x.svg No Green check.svg Yes Dark Red x.svg No [187]
Georgia March 24 Green check.svg Yes Dark Red x.svg No Dark Red x.svg No Dark Red x.svg No [188]
Delaware April 28 Green check.svg Yes Green check.svg Yes[d] [189]
Maryland April 28 Green check.svg Yes Dark Red x.svg No Green check.svg Yes Dark Red x.svg No [190]

National convention

Bids for the Republican National Convention were solicited in the fall of 2017, with finalists being announced early the following spring. On July 18, 2018, Charlotte, North Carolina's Spectrum Center was chosen unanimously as the site of the convention.[126]

Endorsements

Primary election polling

Rallies

Campaign finance

This is an overview of the money used by each campaign as it is reported to the Federal Election Commission (FEC) and released on October 15, 2019. Totals raised include loans from the candidate and transfers from other campaign committees. The last column, Cash On Hand (COH), has been calculated by subtracting the "spent" amount from the "raised" amount, thereby showing the remaining cash each campaign had available for its future spending as of September 30, 2019. In total all the candidates have raised $177,597,963.

  Withdrawn candidate
Candidate Campaign committee (as of September 30, 2019)
Total raised Ind. contrib. <$200
donations
(as % of
ind.contrib)
Debt Spent COH
Donald Trump[191] $165,327,324 $58,045,522 57.86% $216,915 $89,722,756 $83,216,720
Joe Walsh[192] $234,992 $129,188 49.83% $100,000 $119,562 $115,430
Bill Weld[193] $1,329,281 $1,140,579 35.33% $180,800 $1,121,237 $208,044
Mark Sanford[194] $66,968 $58,204 33.60% $0 $2,354 $64,614

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b The overall number of pledged delegates is subject to change, as possible penalty/bonus delegates (awarded for each states' scheduled election date and state party gains/losses in the 2019 elections) are also not yet included.[1]
  2. ^ In bolded states and territories, the leading candidate won the support of an absolute majority of that state's delegation for the first ballot; according to Rule 40(b), eight such states are needed to be eligible.[28] In states and territories that are not bolded, the leading candidate won the support of a simple plurality of delegates.
  3. ^ Robert Ardini, President R. Boddie, Stephen B. Comley, Sr., Rocky De La Fuente, Bob Ely, Larry Horn, Zoltan Istvan, Rick Kraft, Star Locke, Matthew Matern, Mary Maxwell, Eric Merrill, William N. Murphy, and Juan Payne
  4. ^ a b c d e f Rocky De La Fuente
  5. ^ Robert Ardini, Rocky De La Fuente, Zoltan Istvan, and Matthew Matern
  6. ^ Robert Ardini, Zoltan Istvan, and Mathew Matern
  7. ^ a b Rocky De La Fuente, Bob Ely, Zoltan Istvan, and Matthew Matern
  8. ^ Robert Ardini, Rocky De La Fuente, Bob Ely, and Matthew Matern
  9. ^ Rocky De La Fuente, Bob Ely and Matthew Matern
  10. ^ Mark Sanford
  11. ^ Rocky De La Fuente, Bob Ely, and Matthew John Matern
  12. ^ Rocky De La Fuente, John Schiess

References

  1. ^ a b c "The Green Papers". Retrieved January 6, 2020.
  2. ^ a b Miller, Zeke (January 23, 2019). "Republican Party to Express 'Undivided Support' for Trump". Associated Press. Retrieved February 5, 2019.
  3. ^ "RNC pledges support for Trump 2020; state leaders consider canceling caucuses". ABC News.
  4. ^ a b c Kinnard, Meg (September 7, 2019). "Nevada, SC, Kansas GOP drop presidential nomination votes". AP NEWS.
  5. ^ "Trump is most the unpopular first-year president in history—but that's not even the bad news". AOL.com. Retrieved January 6, 2018.
  6. ^ "What we learned about Trump, Russia, and collusion in 2017". Vox. Retrieved January 6, 2018.
  7. ^ McManus, Doyle. "Trump will have a 2020 primary challenger. But who will it be?". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 6, 2018.
  8. ^ Jonas, Michael (February 4, 2019). "Weld rejoins Republican ranks". CommonWealth Magazine. Retrieved February 5, 2019.
  9. ^ "Former Mass. Gov. Bill Weld Is the First Republican Officially Trying to Challenge Trump in 2020". Fortune.
  10. ^ Brusk, Steve (April 15, 2019). "Bill Weld officially announces he is challenging Trump for GOP nomination in 2020". CNN. Retrieved April 18, 2019.
  11. ^ Durkee, Alison (April 15, 2019). "Bill Weld officially targets Trump with long-shot primary bid". Vanity Fair.
  12. ^ Kelly, Caroline; Sullivan, Kate (August 25, 2019). "Joe Walsh to take on Trump in 2020 Republican primary". CNN. Retrieved August 25, 2019.
  13. ^ Preston, Mark. "Source: Kasich, Hickenlooper consider unity presidential ticket in 2020". CNN. Retrieved January 6, 2018.
  14. ^ Nelson, Louis (August 27, 2017). "Kasich: I'm not running in 2020 with Hickenlooper". POLITICO. Retrieved July 2, 2019.
  15. ^ Cotton, Anthony (January 28, 2019). "He's Not Officially In Yet, But Hickenlooper Tells Iowans He's The One To Beat Trump". CPR News. Retrieved July 2, 2019.
  16. ^ Cummings, Walter (November 25, 2018). "Ohio Gov. John Kasich 'very seriously' considering White House run in 2020". USA Today. Retrieved August 27, 2019.
  17. ^ Sullivan, Kate (August 27, 2019). "John Kasich says he doesn't see a path for him to defeat Trump 'right now'". CNN. Retrieved August 28, 2019.
  18. ^ a b c "Mark Sanford Will Challenge Trump in Republican Primary". The New York Times. September 8, 2019.
  19. ^ a b c Byrd, Caitlin (November 12, 2019). "Former SC Gov. Mark Sanford has dropped out of presidential race". The Post and Courier. Retrieved November 12, 2019.
  20. ^ "'Leaders Have to Build Support Over Time': Fiorina Says Trump Agenda 'At Risk'". Fox News Insider. November 27, 2018.
  21. ^ "Former Sen. Jeff Flake Joins CBS News as Contributor". The Hollywood Reporter.
  22. ^ Stracqualursi, Veronica. "Maryland's Republican governor says he won't challenge Trump in 2020". CNN.
  23. ^ Oprysko, Caitlin. "Romney says he won't run against Trump in 2020". POLITICO.
  24. ^ Burns, Alexander; Flegenheimer, Matt; Lee, Jasmine C.; Lerer, Lisa; Martin, Jonathan (January 21, 2019). "Who's Running for President in 2020?". The New York Times. Archived from the original on February 19, 2019. Retrieved March 10, 2019.
  25. ^ Scherer, Michael; Uhrmacher, Kevin; Schaul, Kevin (May 14, 2018). "Who is hoping to challenge Trump for president in 2020?". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on October 14, 2018. Retrieved March 10, 2019.
  26. ^ "2020 presidential election: Track which candidates are running". Axios. January 11, 2019. Archived from the original on March 8, 2019. Retrieved March 10, 2019.
  27. ^ a b Berg-Andersson, Richard E. "Republican Convention". The Green Papers. Retrieved December 13, 2019.
  28. ^ "The rules of the Republican Party" (PDF). Republican National Convention. August 8, 2014. p. 20. Retrieved March 5, 2016.
  29. ^ "Trump, a symbol of New York, is officially a Floridian now". Politico. October 31, 2019. Retrieved October 31, 2019.
  30. ^ "Statement of Candidacy" (PDF). docquery.fec.gov. 2019.
  31. ^ "Hawaii GOP cancels caucus after Trump is only candidate". Associated Press. December 13, 2019. Retrieved December 13, 2019.
  32. ^ "Statement of Candidacy" (PDF). docquery.fec.gov. 2019.
  33. ^ "Statement of Candidacy" (PDF). docquery.fec.gov. 2019.
  34. ^ "Candidates". Federal Election Commission. Retrieved June 23, 2019.
  35. ^ "Declaration letter" (PDF). docquery.fec.gov. November 9, 2016. Retrieved August 17, 2019.
  36. ^ "INVICTUS MMXX". Retrieved August 15, 2019.
  37. ^ Simmons, Timothy (October 3, 2019). "Vocal anti-Semitic politician seeks seat on Idaho city council". Idaho State Journal. Retrieved December 30, 2019.
  38. ^ "Statement of Candidacy" (PDF). docquery.fec.gov. 2019.
  39. ^ "Governor Greg Abbott for President in 2020?". News/Talk 95.1 & 790 KFYO.
  40. ^ Garrett, Robert T. (March 8, 2018). "Texas Gov. Greg Abbott rules out running for president—in 2020, at least". Dallas News.
  41. ^ Markos, Mary (November 8, 2018). "Charlie Baker 'absolutely' staying put". Boston Herald. Retrieved November 9, 2018.
  42. ^ Budowsky, Brent (October 24, 2017). "Bannon may run for president". The Hill. Retrieved October 26, 2017.
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