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Charles L. McNary

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Charles McNary
Charles mcnary.jpg
Portrait by Henrique Medina; 1944.
United States Senator
from Oregon
In office
May 29, 1917 – November 5, 1918
Preceded byHarry Lane
Succeeded byFrederick W. Mulkey
In office
December 18, 1918 – February 25, 1944
Preceded byFrederick W. Mulkey
Succeeded byGuy Cordon
Senate Minority Leader
In office
March 4, 1933 – February 25, 1944
DeputyFelix Hebert
Warren Austin[1]
Preceded byCharles Curtis
Succeeded byWallace H. White Jr.
Leader of the Senate Republican Conference
In office
March 4, 1933 – February 25, 1944
DeputyFelix Hebert
Warren Austin[1]
Preceded byCharles Curtis
Succeeded byWallace H. White Jr.
Chair of the Senate Republican Conference
In office
March 4, 1933 – February 25, 1944
DeputyFrederick Hale
Wallace H. White Jr.
Preceded byJames E. Watson
Succeeded byArthur Vandenberg
Chair of the Senate Agriculture Committee
In office
August 1926 – March 4, 1933
Preceded byGeorge W. Norris
Succeeded byEllison D. Smith
Personal details
Born
Charles Linza McNary

(1874-06-12)June 12, 1874
Salem, Oregon, U.S.
DiedFebruary 25, 1944(1944-02-25) (aged 69)
Fort Lauderdale, Florida, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)Jessie Breyman
Cornelia Morton
EducationStanford University

Charles Linza McNary (June 12, 1874 – February 25, 1944) was a United States Republican politician from Oregon. He served in the U.S. Senate from 1917 to 1944 and was Senate Minority Leader from 1933 to 1944. In the Senate, McNary helped to pass legislation that led to the construction of Bonneville Dam on the Columbia River, and worked on agricultural and forestry issues. He also supported many of the New Deal programs at the beginning of the Great Depression. Until Mark O. Hatfield surpassed his mark in 1993, he was Oregon's longest-serving senator.

McNary was the Republican vice presidential candidate in 1940, on the ticket with presidential candidate Wendell Willkie; both died in 1944, during what would have been their first term had they won. They lost to the Democratic ticket, composed of Franklin D. Roosevelt, who was running for his third term as president, and Henry A. Wallace by just under a ten-point margin. McNary was a justice of the Oregon Supreme Court from 1913 to 1915 and was dean of Willamette University College of Law, in his hometown of Salem, from 1908 to 1913. Before that, he was a deputy district attorney under his brother, John Hugh McNary, who later became a federal judge for the District of Oregon.

McNary died in office after unsuccessful surgery on a brain tumor. Oregon held a state funeral for him, during which his body lay in state at the Oregon State Capitol in Salem. McNary Dam, McNary Field, McNary High School, and McNary Country Club (on land he owned) in Oregon are named in his honor. He is currently the longest serving Senate Minority Leader.[2]

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  • ✪ 47th Spring Commencement 2019 (3:00 pm)
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welcome to NKU's 47th commencement exercises the processional music this afternoon is being performed by the NKU Philharmonic Orchestra conducted by Amy Gillingham presidential ambassadors will lead the students into the arena with the flight processional to the stage please direct your attention to the four corners of the arena floor as the participants process to their seats you please join me in welcoming the spring 2019 candidates for graduation from the College of Education and Human Services and the College of Arts and Sciences please join me in welcoming the platform party to the Arena Stage please rise for our National Anthem led by Sarah hat Britney Hayes and Sally whiskey students in the School of the Arts oh say can you see by the dawn's early light what so proudly we hailed at the twilight's last gleaming whose broad stripes and bright stars through the perilous fight o'er the ramparts we watched were so gallantly streaming the night that our flag was still there oh say does that star-spangled three and please welcome this suet rollers provost and executive vice president for academic affairs good afternoon it is my pleasure to welcome you all to the 47th annual commencement ceremony at Northern Kentucky University I'd like to start with a thank you to our vocal ensemble for their wonderful rendition of our National Anthem and also to thank our outstanding NKU philharmonic orchestra and professor Amy Gillingham today we honor and celebrate the class of 2019 you did it graduates please stand at this time it is my great pleasure to introduce the distinguished members of the platform party I will ask them to stand as I call their names and remain standing please hold your applause until all have been introduced representing the NKU Board of Regents chair of the Board of Regents Lee Schaben Regent Michael buranovskiye vice chair of the Board of Regents Andre Ward Regent Hanna Edelen Regent David Bower Regent Gregory Shumate and Regent Terry man please join me in recognizing the Inka keyboard of reach dr. ashish puja president of Northern Kentucky University mr. Guerin Colvin honorary degree recipient and commencement speaker dr. Matthews a cake president of Faculty Senate and grand marshal mr. Mike McEwan president of Alumni Board of Directors miss Tila Blasingame representative of the class of 2019 dr. Diana McGill Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences dr. lr lippy interim dean of the College of Education and Human Services mr. Arnie slaughter assistant vice president for student engagement and Dean of Students mr. Jason Jackman president of the inka you Foundation Board miss Kim scratch vice president for enrollment and degree management MS Lauri Southwood Co interim chief administration officer and chief human resources officer dr. Valerie Hardcastle st. Elizabeth healthcare executive director for the Institute of Health innovation and vice president for Health innovation miss Joan Gates vice president for legal affairs and general counsel mr. Eric gentry vice president for University Advancement mr. Ken butt off director of athletics professor Michael Whiteman interim dean of the chase College of Law mr. Michael Hales Co interim chief administration officer and chief financial officer dr. James bus Dean of the Honors College dr. Roberts aye interim dean of the w frank steely library dr. kathleen roberts senior advisor for inclusive excellence dr. kevin kirby dean of the college of informatics ms Jonah reader clay Meyer interim dean of the Hale usbank College of Business and dr. Dale Stevenson Dean of the College of Health Professions please join me in recognizing our flat the journey to graduation is filled with many people who make a difference in our lives and many of these people are with us today to help celebrate this momentous event let me first recognize the family members of our graduates I know the class of 2019 will agree with me that they could not have possibly reached this point without your encouragement and support we'll all the parents grandparents spouses partners children and family members please stand thank you next I would like to recognize the faculty I can't stress enough the importance of our outstanding faculty who daily demonstrate a deep dedication to helping our students achieve their goals I would also like to recognize the dedicated staff who worked tirelessly to support and guide our students from admission to advising to career opportunities will members of the inkay use faculty and staff please stand and be recognized Harvard was the first University to confer honorary degrees in 1692 since then it has become a recognized function of degree granting institutions honorary degrees are an opportunity for universities to single out deserving individuals who have made significant contributions to society in this morning's commencement president vyjit conferred the honorary degree of Doctor of Business on Guerin Colvin it is my privilege now to invite mr. Guerin Colvin to deliver our commencement speech Thank You president of idea Provost out Rowlands members of the Board of Regents faculty staff proud family and friends and most importantly the class of 2019 it is truly an honor to be a small part of your wonderful celebration in this afternoon class of 2019 this is a time when you will hear some encouraging phrases such as the sky's the limit and dream big because anything is possible I stand here today as proof that this is absolutely correct anything is possible my story began 36 years ago when I started as an entry-level accounting clerk at st. Elizabeth Healthcare 32 quick years later and nine positions later I was announced as a new president and chief executive officer I plan to share with you some of the things that facilitated my progression to the top but as you would imagine and could guess there are no shortcuts let's begin with patience chasing your dream will take time please do not get frustrated it took me 18 years to get the first dream I had which was to be the C CFO of st. Elizabeth healthcare as CFO I thought I would retire as CFO had no dream to move on because the CFO was was basically my dream I'm here to tell you you need to dream bigger 13 shortly years later is you know I was announced by our then Board Chair dr. Jimbo tuba as the CEO of st. Elizabeth healthcare I was blessed at an early age to know I love math and basically didn't like any other subject this limited my options for a future but really allowed me to focus on a career path that suited my strengths I shared this because it's important to differentiate a career path from a job and it's important to do what is rewarding to you work hard to find and start your career success is when you do what you love and love what you do I get asked quite often why do I love health care so much after 36 years of the same industry and an industry that has many challenges ahead why do I love health care my reply is simple I don't love health care I love st. Elizabeth health care and the people in it I can't explain how rewarding it is to work for an organization that has a purpose much greater than a bottom line I'll give you some advice find a mentor a life coach someone who can provide you guidance and support someone that is respected in your organization and that you respect be a sponge soak up all their knowledge and learn from them I had several mentors throughout my career and I would be not I would not be here today if it weren't for them keep in mind you can learn a great deal from your mentors mistakes watch how they deal with adversity so you're prepared to deal with adversity when it's your turn trust me you will get your turn when this occurs you will not be judged by the mistake you made but how you dealt with the adversity I will give you this promise today if you search for a mentor and can't find one call me I'll be glad to be your mentor a positive attitude makes all the difference in the world an attitude determines everything else in your life if you only take one thing away from my speech today please no attitude determines everything else in your life I've always looked at the glass being half full versus half-empty I believe my attitude and my determination to make everyone around me better is why I progressed through our organization I've ansed without an actual job interview and talk applied for the CEO position that's right a promotions where I was hand-picked for the role without actually applying promotion it's very difficult to advance in a corporation with a bad attitude it's difficult to advance in an organization if you're not a team player my favorite quote by harry s truman it is amazing what you can accomplish if you don't care who gets the credit this is how I lead every day before I conclude I want to talk about trust Trust is not given it has to be earned Trust is as simple as the following if you tell someone you're going to do something then you need to do it exactly how you said you would do it and you need to do it when you said you were going to do it I'll be honest with you I had a trouble with trust it wasn't because I was lied are I lied and I wasn't trustworthy it was because I was given unrealistic expectations to people who needed project work done by me my mentors pointed this out to me and together we worked out a plan on how I can communicate more accurate timelines and from there everything worked smoothly today we are gathered for one reason to celebrate your dream your dream sometimes forgotten fuels you it follows you sometimes when you try to ignore it without your dream your diploma will be a piece of paper it is your dream that will bring your diploma to life what I wish for you what your friends wish for you what your professors wish for you and what your proud families and parents wish for you is that you use your education stay positive work hard and go out and fulfill your dream once you achieve that dream and we know you will don't settle be optimistic pick a new dream and go achieve that one to continue dreaming even bigger one day you will find yourself looking back 30 years thanking just how fortunate you were to such an incredibly wonderful life please know I'm a proud to be a graduate of Benkei you and thankful for everything NKU has done for me congratulations to introduce our student speaker this afternoon please welcome Hanna Eden president of the Student Government Association and member of the Board of Regents good afternoon it is my honor to introduce our student speaker this afternoon Tila Blasingame who is graduating from the College of Education and Human Services with a master of Social Work degree Tila is a first generation college graduate coming to NKU for her master's work after completing her undergraduate degree at the University of Cincinnati she first became interested in the mental health field after a study abroad project in South Africa that focused on the business and social impacts of healthcare and she hasn't looked back says currently Tila works at Greater Cincinnati behavioral health services whereas she is able to fuel her passions for mental health awareness she is very active in her community and serves as a volunteer for Cincinnati Children's Hospital the American Red Cross Association and Sharon Anderson Skills Academy during her studies at NKU Sheila is also been an active member of the master of Social Work african-american graduate study Advisory Council after graduation Tila plans on continuing her career in the mental health field with a focus on community education please join me in welcoming a Miss Tila Blasingame Thank You Hannah for the introduction I appreciate it it gives me great pleasure to walk them all of our family and friends here today Wow you guys we did it we're here through the restless nights of studying missed assignments late assignments high stress levels lack of funds we made it to the finish line today is a day of celebration a day of acknowledgment rewards gifts some of us may receive electronic gifts gift cards clothing maybe cash hopefully one of my gifts is a Cricut machine and if my family has not bought it you can stop it Michael's on the way home now R sell four hundred and ninety nine dollars but these material gifts are nice but for the moment we don't need them you don't need any of it yes I just told your family to take the gifts back but we don't need it we insert this room with the greatest gifts that no one can give us and that is the gift of our education and we earned that the material gifts they can be broken they lose their value its no value but our education that can never be taken away from us the knowledge that we carry the value never decreases it only increases growing up my grandmother she would beat herself up at times because she was not able to provide material things at the time I didn't understand it cuz I'm like we have the things that we need I don't know what she stressed out about it wasn't it so probably about 12 when I was like hold on other kids got cellphones and I don't yeah but no material item that she ever felt that she could give me led up to the ultimate gift that she embodied inside of me she gave me the gift of opportunity and determination she always made her way out of no way and she encouraged all of us to follow our dreams no matter what she did not have the opportunity to attend college herself but that never stops her from encouraging us that never stopped her from telling us not to box ourselves into any statistic to never having anyone tell us that we can't do or be what we wanted to be after that I am forever grateful as we began on our little journeys because that's what it is anytime one chapter is over either you open another book or you flip the page to a new chapter but this one it's done we must not forget the greatest gifts that we have we must not forget the blood sweat tears self-care partying that we did to achieve our goals our education is everlasting our knowledge is everlasting and we must continue to pay it forward a Chinese philosopher once said if you give a man a fish you feed him for a day you teach a man to fish and you feed them for a lifetime we must continue that as we go out into the world and share our gifts and our talents with others so that we can continue to pay it forward I know you guys are anxious like me so I wrap this up wherever you go go with all your heart never let anyone close the door and you will tell you that you cannot do it and always stay ten toes down at all times congratulations class of 2011 please welcome mr. Mike McEwan president of the NKU Alumni Board of Directors good afternoon on behalf of the Alumni Association and is the president of the NKU Alumni Board of Directors I'm pleased to offer my sincere congratulations you did it walking across this stage to receive your diploma is quite an accomplishment and you should be very proud I also wanted to be the first to officially welcome you into the Alumni Association as a graduate of NKU you are now part of this elite organization with over 65,000 members NKU is unstoppable you can feel the momentum through the great things happening on campus and throughout the region no matter where you'll be living or working we encourage you as an alumnus to stay in touch and contribute to the success of the University through volunteering engaging your workplace advocating for the university attending campus events or giving a gift no matter what it is we hope you'll continue to find ways to demonstrate your commitment to the university beyond today the mission of the Alumni Association of which you are now a member is to connect alumni to strengthen relationships to celebrate the University and alumni successes and to lead endeavors that further the interest of the University and its supporters simply said the Alumni Association's mission is to connect celebrate and lead it is your persistence hard work a commitment to education that's made this day possible the alumni community looks forward to connecting with you and celebrating your personal accomplishments not just today but as you go forward as an alumnus you are the face and legacy of the University we have no doubt you will represent us well be sure to join the NKU alumni community online just click the Alumni link on your nke website follow us on social media including Facebook LinkedIn and Twitter keep us updated on your whereabouts and achievements along the way and show your Norse pride that wearing your spirit wear wherever you go NKU his alumni all over the world accomplishing the unimaginable achieving the impossible and creating the unthinkable and it all started here in fact we have many of our high achieving alumni sitting right here in this arena today celebrating you go forward use the strong foundation you received at NKU dream big believe in yourself and continue to great things as your life as you begin a new journey congratulations and go Norse please welcome dr. Ashish my dear president of Northern Kentucky University good afternoon it is my distinct pleasure and honor to preside over this commencement ceremony I'm about to hand you your diplomas and I'm getting very excited about that last December my first commencement this is my first spring one I asked the Regents to join me to take a selfie with all of you in the background so I could tweet it out well we're gonna do it again because I think this is important all right so I'm gonna have student regent Hannah Edelen join me she's the only one that can work a selfie stick and the rest of the board to come in and we're going to do a selfie with you hang on it means a great deal to all of us so thank you for indulging I want to thank Mike McEwan for his words on behalf of the NKU Alumni Association special thanks to Guerin Colwyn for your Colvin for your remarks and words of encouragement to the class of 2019 in congratulations again on being our honorary degree recipient to all the parents family members and friends here in support of your graduates thank you again for the important role you play in your student success you know it's a it's on all of us know this tomorrow is Mother's Day so all the moms in the audience today we want to give you a special recognition and thank you for everything that you do so everyone how about a big round of applause for all the moms in the audience today what better present for mom than a graduating child right today we also ask ask all our graduating active duty military personnel and student veterans who have served our country - please stand and be recognized in fact why don't we have all our active duty military personnel and veterans please stand and let us all acknowledge your service thank you so much to our devoted faculty thank you for joining us today and more importantly for impacting our students lives each and every day you're inspiration to our students our alumni and our community and to a wonderful NKU staff thank you for always putting our students first and continuously thinking about their success speaking of success supporting our students is at the forefront of everyone's role and responsibility on this campus I'll share with you a recent example of how NKU came together to help students in need the adult learner program and services had two student parents who were having difficulty paying for their caps and gowns for this ceremony they reached out to our the the university connect and persist office who then connected with the alumni programs office and special events and they all got together and figured out that they could find a way to support these students with their graduation cap and gowns and we have them proudly in the audience today this work is not done we've recognized that this indeed perhaps here and so in fact we're going to find a way to make sure we have ongoing support for any student who finds that they need some help in order to walk through graduation this commitment to learners and students is something I've witnessed throughout my first 300 days on the job I have seen firsthand the impact our talented faculty and staff have on our students lives I've gotten to know many of you our wonderful students I've met so many of the alumni who proudly carry the no spirit throughout the region and across the country I've connected with community leaders business partners and K through 12 educators to understand our University's role in serving Greater Cincinnati and Northern Kentucky I was privileged to celebrate all that makes our university great during inauguration week we celebrated our community our students our faculty and staff and I was deeply honored to be installed as the sixth president by the Board of Regents during a memorable investiture ceremony in this very arena and just last month the Board of Regents unanimously approved success by design m'kay use three-year strategic framework this framework will guide us and help provide greater access to an NKU education for all deserving students it will help our students overcome barriers to completing their educational goals and to advance opportunities for career and community engagement for all our students it's been an exciting time at NKU and I'm thrilled to wrap up this academic year with you today as you begin the next chapter of your life a few minutes ago you heard from your one of your fellow graduates Tilly mentioned some really great things and I wanted to thank her for sharing her inspiring story with all of us today but Tilly story is not is one of not just a unique individual this grit determination and perseverance is a story that that's reflected in many of our students for many of you I'm sure the journey has been with many challenges and adversity adversity but you have persisted and are ready for the next phase of your journey the late great Nelson Mandela once said it always seems impossible until it's done but the story of her students life and yours is also about the kind of place NKU is and can use an institution committed to being student ready regionally engaged that empowers diverse learners for economic and social mobility indeed we believe in the potential of all individuals regardless of your background your race your ethnicity your gender your age your sexual or religious orientation our mission at NKU is to empower you our graduates to have fulfilling careers and meaningful lives and to see you contribute to the economic social and civic vitality of this region our commitment to access completion and career and community engagement on which our strategic frame his build is evident in all your accomplishments that we celebrate today we hope your time at NKU is empowered you with the opportunities to gain new knowledge and learn new skills and expand your minds we hope you took this chance to get to know and create lasting relationships with classmates with professors and staff members we hope here you found your forever home to come back to today NKU student body includes students from 59 countries on five continents from 43 of the United States and from 112 of Kentucky's 120 counties I hope the diversity of students and perspectives you have encountered here have allowed you the opportunity to evaluate and challenge your own perspectives as well as to help others evaluate and challenge there's max Dupree an American business leader and writer once said we need to give each other the space to grow to be ourselves to exercise our diversity we need to give each other space so that we both may give and receive such beautiful things as ideas openness joy healing and inclusion your commitment to equity diversity and inclusion makes you much more valuable to prospective employers employers are seeking graduates like you who will thrive in today's global workplace they want employees who have learned to navigate diverse cultures with grace and empathy and can work effectively with people whose perspectives are quite different from their own because of the opportunities you've had at NKU the road ahead holds great promise for you as you head out into this world to do new and exciting things I ask that you always never forget your family and friends who have had to become who you are today like you they've made many sacrifices in the name of your success they have embraced you with encouragement and love when you needed their support and they've celebrated your many accomplishments when you have excelled honor their gifts by sharing your talents and your good fortune with others and pay it forward as you've heard many times before and always know that NKU is home for you you join nearly 70,000 alumni who live and work in every corner of the Commonwealth the nation and the world we're so proud of each and every one of you and we want to be part of your life forever as the great cultural anthropologist Margaret Mead said never doubt that a small group of thoughtful committed citizens can change the world indeed it's the only thing that ever has graduates families and friends and the campus community thank you for the privilege of sharing this special day with you thank you now let's get to the business at hand we'll all dock troll specialists masters baccalaureate associate and certificate candidates please rise by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Commonwealth of Kentucky through the Board of Regents of Northern Kentucky University and upon the recommendation of the faculty I confer upon you the degree for which you have been recommended I now declare you a graduate of Northern Kentucky University The Bachelor degree graduates with baccalaureates this is where you move your tassel from the right to the left congratulations good afternoon I am a lot lipping interim dean of the College of Education and Human Services president Vanya Provost aku Orleans and honored guests I am honored to present the individuals who have successfully completed all requirements for their Doctor of Education degree in educational leadership completion of this degree serves as evidence of each graduates commitment to rigorous learning and engaged leadership and service in our schools agencies and communities receiving the doctor of education and educational leadership degree from the College of Education and it was services our Terry Iceland Linnea Marie Fletcher Danny more the second Sean Joseph rainy Karen Ramos Sarabeth Smith Stephanie Michelle Stafford Jennifer Stafford it is my honor to present the graduates who have successfully completed all requirements for their education specialist and master degrees earning an education specialist degree is evidence of each graduates commitment to professional growth and advance study in order to better serve our schools agencies and communities these candidates have successfully completed all requirements for the degrees for which they have been recommended by the faculty the College of Education and Human Services also offers master's degrees including Master of Arts degrees in school counseling teaching and education the Master of Science degree in clinical mental health counseling and the master of Social Work degree these candidates have successfully completed all requirements for the Master degrees indicating commitment to their own professional growth and to their profession receiving the education specialist degree from the College of Education and Human Services is Elizabeth Diane Austen marshal receiving the Masters of Arts and Education from the College of Education and Human Services is Kimberly Denise Armour Lauren Michelle Berkeley Jacob Ross Cheeseman Brian Wayne Duggan Hannah a fields Sara Lynn ham Carolyn she'll be hardened Kathleen Marie Hillebrand megan marie lo Oh Caitlin Elizabeth Peter ball Danielle Carly Lachey young receiving the Master of Arts and teaching degree from the College of Education and Human Services our Alex W Bernardo receiving the Master of Arts the school counseling degree from the College of Education and Human Services Irie Kate Blaine in Madden Kelly Meredith meals Chelsey Myers Andrew hope camp receiving the Master of Science in the clinical mental health counseling degree from the College of Education and Human Services Tiffany Mae graves Bethany Irene Julio psycho Barbara tart Elia Balbus also receiving the master of science and clinical clinical mental health counseling and school counseling Danielle Nicole Cisco receiving the master of Social Work degree from the College of Education and Human Services Mindy Michele Doolin lluís Jorge our news of the fourth grace Catherine Ford Catherine faucet Jamie hinnies Amanda Jake : Samantha Logan Carly Wilson Martin Magne Tesfaye Mahara Tiffany and pain Kristen Nicole Turner Olivia Joyce winnings Alijah per capita shannon w clifton Pamela gene Massey Rachel Ramsey Jabril Iman Tinsley Mecosta Brandi see Luis tealy Nicole lassen gang Robert Markus Stephen Hawking olá nearly all Bergeron Apryl DeFalco cassandra marie Hinsley Sarah hello heather Lynn Kimmel Britta gums Sousa Mariah Nicole hi Alicia Kelly Catherine Barbara Manning zambra Gabrielle ruin summer Fletcher Julie Marie groupie diamond kanae paul marjana Milan yamay Harris Adam heresy Kayla Joe hostel Kelly Heflin Alexis muse angel Marie Bell christine karna celli brandy lovin shiner Michael W Phillips Miranda Maurice Brown Whitney Kristofferson Jennifer Linscott Madison Elizabeth's Ballard Matthew Gray Gail valerie merkel Maria deeth Raya Lauren Ashley Hensley Emma Marie Aviles Judy Bowman Kristin Elizabeth creamer Abigail Lee Hom megan marie vaughn handoff Stella massive Michelle a tumblr page Nicole in though Caitlin what's Emilia em where William Wilkerson it is my honor to present the undergraduates who have successfully completed all requirements for the bachelor degrees for which they have been recommended by the faculty as a graduate of the College of Education and Human Services these individuals engage in a rigorous program of study that included many opportunities for applied learning as such they are well prepared to provide service and leadership in our schools agencies and communities receiving bachelor degrees from the College of Education and Human Services Demi Ali Megan Elizabeth Blanton Laurie Lee bold summa cum laude Lydia Alexandra Brooks summa cum laude Catherine Glynn Caldwell nice she look Carter Paul Joseph chambers Aaron Michael Chaney Hannah are Christian Tiffany Marie Davis Sierra Nicole Dawson Haley's Renee downs Madeline and Evans Sarah Jean fields Brianna Lou frond or culotte Lauren LuAnn gula summa cum laude abigail marie Gebauer Gulati Skyler Nicole gray Alicia Rose Brazil Aaron Thomas : David James hammer Lindsey ray Henman Kayla sure a holt Morgan Diana Jacob Magnum cum laude Tricia and Kellogg Kayla Renee Kloss cum laude Titus new hooped cum laude Alexandra page Meili Carolyn Josie McGee summa cum laude Sarah Katherine Nash Ashley Nicole Nelson Stephen James Norbury Madison Brooke overline magna cum laude university honors scholar grace Elizabeth Randolph Rachel Katherine raw cum laude courtney Elizabeth Ravel Audrey Grayson rabbeted cum laude Mandy coral Robinson cum laude Kimberly Rockwell summa cum laude Danielle Melissa Rogers magna cum laude kayla marie Rotem Rotundo Rebecca Margaret Rochelle Agustina sanchez Lecrae Abigail M Shaw magna cum laude jennifer leigh snyder magna cum laude Mackenzie Nicole Switzer summa cum laude Jenna Lynn sees molly elizabeth shear Megan Nicole Sherman Jessica Skinner hovering Rose Smith magna cum laude samantha elaine smith victoria Rose Stamper summa cum laude cariann stein Marley Joanne Salkin cum laude Erin Kelly summers Catherine Sara Taylor cum laude Dominique Thompson Heidi faith Thompson Alicia Marie Torres Alexis win Ulric magna cum laude Sarah Ann Woll rap kimberley Joe Warren come out and Nicole Wilson cum laude Lawrence Ali's 17 Oh Hannah Thomas Atkins cum laude Peyton chase a spell summer Kumar Aaron Michael Boulanger Courtney's Maurice burns Daniel wave can away Kayla cops Kumari Liam Richard Elliot Evans magna cum laude Jenna Elizabeth Flaherty summa cum laude university honors scholar Marisa Christine frohmeyer magna cum laude ashley nicole Garcia Emily hey Gardner Caitlyn Marie gates ashley Michelle Hoff Kyle Anthony Hoskins Tiberius James King Jacob Robert Knievel cum laude Olivia M Lackey Haley Elizabeth lives summa cum laude Cara Lynn meter Charles Lawrence Michaels to hear Joseph Feaster magna cum laude Eric Michael Phillips Adam Jay Powell Katie Elizabeth Pratt Dillon wine pro Gregory Dean roads Debra L Reuter Ryan sandal aw Sara Nicole Schneider's cum laude max Anthony Schroeder Tristan Samuel Tapia come out Hannah Marie Thomas cum laude courtney Michelle NASA Darian Marcus Williams Brooke Elizabeth Cisco Angela Marie Anderson summa cum laude Gale in Bacchus come out Zachary boon summa cum laude brittany nicole Brierly magna cum laude Brandon Courtney brown magna cum laude Amy Margaret Clark cum laude Kennedy Michelle Clark magna cum laude Raquel Antoinette couch McKenzie and Davis cum laude Maria Mariah Denman magna cum laude Felicia Michelle Dunlap cum laude Denis Arwen free magna cum laude amber Lucia fresh Francesco knee cum laude Danielle Cathleen few quick magnet eleven Stephen Scott gossip ashley renee griffith cum laude Shannon Hale Harrington cum laude Elizabeth amber Haman cumali Moriah and Kirkman Catherine Nicole Clete cum laude Chardonnay the Asia Laster Temari on Alexis Lewis Jessica D managed to marry Corrine constants Magus magna cum laude Morgan Rene model shit Catherine Mariah Oh Bertie kara Jenelle penber magna cum laude katherine marie parsons lilybeth Pennington to maui university honors scholar Samantha dawn Ryan cum laude Elizabeth Leslie Sears cum laude megan elizabeth smith Lauren Michelle Snyder Julia Montgomery Stevenson Jackie Tomasi Chantal Maria Thompson it is my pleasure and privilege to present the students who have successfully completed all requirements for the certificate from the supported higher education product project for which they have been recommended our graduates are Emily and held in Sydney Paige kindred good afternoon my name is Diana McGill and I have the privilege of serving as the Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences our College offers five masters degrees a Master of Arts in English integrative studies public history a Master of Public Administration and a Master of Science and industrial and organizational psychology we're all extremely proud of our graduates who have worked diligently to earn their degrees president by Joe it is my honor and a great pleasure to Brett's present our graduates who have completed all requirements for their master's degrees and graduate certificates for which they've been recommended by the faculty receiving the Masters of Arts in English degree from the College of Arts and Sciences our Tamara Dee caddy Alexandra Courtney Macintosh mark Andrew O'Connor Kathy Sue Richards Melissa Renee's style brittany nicole smart jacqueline Tackett receiving the Masters of Arts an integrative Studies degree from the College of Arts and Sciences our Sara Elizabeth run Dunaway Bryan del Pauline Delaney Scanlon Jessica win Sharkey receiving the Masters of Arts in public history degree from the college's Arts and Sciences our Madeleine Dorothy Barrett Katie Dirksen Aaron Hill Hannah markeson lights of re Vance receiving the Master of Public Administration degree from the College of Arts and Sciences our Eric Christopher Binford Thomas Allen Haggard Briona Nicole Jones Devon are McNary Mason Jessica Turner Angela Jean right receiving a Master of Science an industrial organizational psychology degree from the College of Arts and Sciences are gage Michael Amin's Brittany Lauren Comstock Anthony Thomas Houston Jennifer and human Maya Jolin cleaner Kristen Danielle mayhem Brian Hayden Neha Maria Elise Reilly Janita softish Carly Regan Summerfield students in the College of Arts and Sciences may pursue degree options in over 30 different areas president Vijay it's again my great honor and pleasure to present these undergraduates who have successfully completed our requirements for their associate and bachelor's degrees and undergraduate certificates for which they have been recommended by our faculty the first bachelor's degree to be conferred today in the College of Arts and Sciences is a posthumous degree to Christian Lance Etta deshou so today he would have walked across the stage to receive his Bachelor of Arts degree in criminal justice Christian passed away suddenly in November of 2018 Christian was a senior at NKU from Louisville Kentucky he was a beacon of light and happiness for everyone he met while excelling not only as a student but also as a leader a mentor and a friend he was a light to everyone who knew him and he touched many lives at NKU and within the entire Northern Kentucky community he was a caring and invaluable friend and brother and son and moreover and possibly above all he was genuine both to himself and to others Christian was an active member of nks campus community he served in Student Government Association as justice from two thousand seventeen and eighteen and he was a brother of the Theta Pi fraternity where he served as a first guard of the chapter he was a member of savior University's ROTC program through the NKU detachment he served as an intern with the NKU campus Police Department he was also employed by United States Homeland Security and the Transportation Security Agency Christian will be deeply missed as an engaged caring active member of our Norse family he served as an ally to those who couldn't find the strength to speak up for themselves and he adequately countered that fear by showing pride and not only himself but in others christian de sousa was a true role model for our students we are so proud to present his diploma to his family members who are with us today receiving bachelor degrees from the College of Arts and Sciences our Annie Elizabeth adamovich Joshua Michael Adkins mobile Ola Yolanda a Jo Melinda Alexander Laura Murray Anderson's summa cum laude sarah elizabeth incan bower summa cum laude Ian Thomas Appleby Emily Rose arm brick summa cum laude Robert Alexander assay Oh Sarah Nicole a cello cum laude Brian Michael Bachman cum laude Thalia Kiera Nicole Berkeley Nicholas Adam Beatriz Samuel Timothy biting cool out a Camden drew Bentley Johanna bell bird magna cum laude Landon Allen birdsong cool out a Kevin Thomas bird whistle cum laude katherine logan bishop kristen renee bishop Alicia Rene Bliley cool Ave Joseph Patrick block Kaylee and Blythe Rebecca Lynn Bowden bender magna cum laude Dana Marie store kristen nicole edwards cherish anastasia brady magna cum laude Raymond James bride well Diann broom head cool out a university honors scholar Nicole Lee Browning cool out a Susan ray browning Ashley grunty Kyle Joseph Burnett summa cum laude Nia G Bernie Mavis Kathryn bushel men niasia Kamara Abigail CV car magna cum laude Caitlyn Marie Chasteen Alexander Ralph Kelly Brooke murid Cordray Troy Austin corns Christopher Bailey kradic cum laude Tabitha Nicole crafts McKenzie lace Davidson cool out a Miriam Esther Davis travina in Davis Aaron William Joyce Muhammad Rizwan Darcy cum laude Marisha Lache dickerson Emily Elizabeth DS men Michaela and de sitio cum laude Cheyenne in dono John Martin downards typical out a Taylor Murray drow cum laude Chloe rosette magna cum laude Benjamin D egg lien cool out eh Mary Allison Evans Charles Phan Stephen hen Ferris Mitchell James farmer magna cum laude hailey Christine pickin sure joseph anthony thicker William Fisher Madalyn Murray Franzen Megan grace frightened maker cum laude Stacy Diane Fryman cum laude stephanie - fuller cum laude latina Roshan gamble Sean David Gardner cool Audi Jordan Taylor Delta autumn Michelle Gilbert katherine marie glazier magna cum laude bridges joy booty Casey Rene gram cum laude Austin Thomas graven Ryan Andrew gray storm Eve Griffin Catherine em aggression Nicole Ashley Hall cool out a Heather Camden magna cum laude erin Hamilton Samantha Hamilton Kate Rose Harbor James Lowell Harrington before summa cum laude elizabeth and patter Michelle Elizabeth Henderson Catherine and penning destiny Nicole Harold Christina and McHugh add a cum laude Corey Thomas Haran Megan Ashley pottery university honors scholar ELISA page coward Kendra Rene Howard summa cum laude Kirsten Marie huff Samuel Taylor Hughes James Lee Hummel Dorf the third Jeremy Lee Jackson Trey see Kauffman Sarah E Jackson university honors Scholar Matthew s Ghent Sara and Johnson Darien Siobhan Jones lowell carl jones ashley dakota gutsy joy coffin burger Joshua ssambap Creole Matthew Blake Kresnik Charlotte Louise Hill Kalfas magna cum laude university honors scholar Nancy Melinda Lee Sophia Marie Landers National Honor Society Scholastic member sarah jean leon hearts burger summa cum laude university honors scholar william james caucus Lindsay Devon Augustine lose Sierra Lorenz Christine rose less Haley Dakota Madden J Tanner Maine's Kevin Raye man Samantha Taylor Marcum autumn a cold Martin written James Martin McKenzie Jean Massey Rebecca Evelyn main McCaskey Casey Alessandra grace Burton summa cum laude Montana Renee MacLean Daniel Joseph McCain Fantasia Alexandra mushiya magna cum laude a university honors scholar Christian Duane Miller jennifer marie miller magna cum laude Matthew Joseph Miller Elizabeth Minton Tanner David Mavis Devon Moffitt summa cum laude andrew William Malloy summa cum laude Landon Scott Montgomery Adam Spencer more Devin Christopher more Brenda Marie Morin emily moran cum laude rachel marie Moreland Jacob Brody Morris cum laude Savannah Noel Morris cum laude Rachel Elizabeth moss summa cum laude Paige Mueller Benjamin James mulberry Sara Bernice Napier dioecious Bri Myers heather nicole myers kyle eyes A&R jordan CRA Nelson magna cum laude Clint David Noble Zachary Connor O'Banion magna cum laude university honors scholar tyler a ljus Luis Martin Olli Angela Maria O'Neil cool out a Diana Lee Rachelle Owens magna cum laude Siobhan Emma Owens Kristen Lin Pangburn cum laude taylor Desiree Perry Mary Elizabeth Pickett Darcy Jane potshot summa cum laude university honors scholar Kendall Devon Powell autumn Jane pew Larkin Cassidy Randolph cum laude Sydney and Renner magna cum laude university honors scholar Brittany Reynolds magna cum laude kristen nicole Reynolds Joshua Ross Richie Sarah Rose Reitman Lindsay Catherine rich Courtney and Roarke cum laude Stephanie Michelle Rose Otto Ramona Marie Lachelle Rowan Travis Charles Roy jr. cum laude Charles William Ryder alginate moniece Sammy Jose Andres Sanchez Montoya Sara Teresa Sanchez summa cum laude Kendall sander Haley Marie Shepard had Jayne sharp Joseph Robert Shipman Braden Alex Shepherd Madison Nicole Simpson Adam David Steele Austin be Stevens Marc Anthony singleton ii cum laude emily danielle shear cum laude emily and Smith alexis Marie ship wash Neymar Avanza summa cum laude university honors scholar Ryan Matthews Stamper josh'll Kayla makalapa solo Luanne Alexis Ross Hanna II Stevens Kelsey Lee Stratton summa cum laude university honors scholar Michael Rene Stoll's magna cum laude Kayla and swim cool Audi Calvin Paul Taylor tan yay LaShawn Taylor Tucker John - Danielle justice Zenobia Slayton Thaxton magna cum laude Daniel Spencer fair Dalton Wayne Thomason Ashley Lynn Thompson Jessica Elizabeth Stark amber Nicole Townsend Lauren Elizabeth trend camp Lauren Colleen Turner cum laude kaitlyn rochelle Vandenbroucke cook magna cum laude Adam Jeffrey ver trees come out a Nicholas Antho Anthony Vitaly Eric Joseph Walken Dorf cum laude Paul Michael Wagener Melissa lowest Walters Victor Houston Whedon Joshua P white Alisa Cheyenne Whittemore magna cum laude Alicia Lorraine Wygant cum laude serenity a bone a Wiley Lisa Cristina will cum laude melissa gene Williams Molly Williams Tucker Alessandra Brianne wilmuth Daniel Paul Wilson cool Audi Megan Elizabeth Wilson cum laude Savannah Don Wisby summa cum laude faith Gabrielle workmen Linda Jie Catherine white Nicholas James Young Zachary Eric Young Christina Michelle Zavitz Paul Wayne Sabbats Savannah Riley Adams Natalie Nicole Bellamy's cum laude Zoe Lee Brooks Jeffers Alexa and Callaham magna cum laude Benjamin layman Cohen magna cum laude sarah lynn cops summa cum laude Alexandra marine Deaton Elizabeth Fager II Kirsten Shanice Hawkins job brittany nicole Hayes Marquis de Sean Howie Shaylee Murray home magnets away George Alexander Ivan Caleb and keen Rebecca Hanley cumali Jacob Alexander Lucas Emily Marie malotte magna cum laude tres Lee Milburn summa cum laude courtney su Mulford summa cum laude Colin Alexander Newton magna cum laude Sherman Parnell Chloe live Bryce Kamali Melissa and Reed cum laude Gabriella Inez Rivera magna cum laude katherine may Celine summa cum laude university honors scholar Anna raylene Schindler summa cum laude Gabrielle Lillian seek Minh Kuber ray Sodano cum laude Megan Elizabeth spirits summa cum laude Samantha Nicole theaters cum laude kale Stephen wheeler Taylor Isabel wink Liske it's magna cum laude Heather Weatherby come out a John the sendou butter cum laude Jacob Austin Davis magna cum laude sarah catherine de' more magna cum laude Ashley Lauren paddock cum laude Samuel Nathan rouscher magna cum laude poly and Rosener Sierra and Nicole Rucker David Lee Rucker Cory Christopher Watson tamiya Jame Wilson Krista and Ogden read away then Waze Murr magna cum laude marquel Renee Adams Mohammed is um oh sorry Mohammad Fahad Hashmi fires color avinasi Hatem color avinasi Fahad Abdullah Ocalan my Shari pindy AHA dream Callie Abdullah austere dairy Aliyah Rene Alan Abdullah abdomen Elmo's a knee I'll do honey Amari come on Amari I am Hamad Al Qahtani Faisal Abdullah Al Qahtani banner Sultan as a yari HIV Jennifer Jeanette Rome Annie come out a Nicole a are do sir rock on Mubarak Omari Katie Elaine Armstrong summa cum laude university honors scholar Khalid Oh Ozzie me come on Khalid allow me Michelle Ali emini a lodge me autumn Marie Baker cum laude christopher wayne Barnett Michael Beckham Abigail marine bets Marie grace bezel summa cum laude Elisha Scott beaded bender David James bitter Courtney Elizabeth gorgeous Caroline grace broche I'd summa cum laude Jameson Brandt Burchett Brian Curtis ray Carter Joseph Alexander centers ashley renee Childress summa cum laude mark Raymond child's Tiffany Joanne fail Chitwood Kelsey and Klein cum laude Mary Elizabeth Compton magna cum laude Heather and the Conway Zeta Ryan coy Thomas creamer Kyler Thomas Dalton summa cum laude Haley Alexis day magna cum laude university honors scholar Brook Dean cum laude Brian Lawrence Dekker cum laude Daisy Joe divita Connor case Edwards Nicholas Daniel Herman padishah Layla el sitio yatta Mabini Pato new ammo soon Jacob Randall Engler summa cum laude Alison Nicole Feynman Mohamed el Flores yosef fate holla Matthew Kyle Folsom cum laude hailey Elizabeth faucet Ryan James Gilbert Olivia Francis guess Lane summa cum laude Talon Austin Gregory Colleen and Duffy cum laude Kayla's to haze too loud a university honors scholar William Zachary heaven cum laude Caitlyn Marie Hilton summa cum laude rebecca Marie Hefner magna cum laude Michael Charles hurry cool out a Bryn Katherine pound shell Ryan Douglas Howell Dylan Thomas Hughes magna cum laude emily faith jackson cool out a Arielle as many Johnson magna cum laude university honors scholar James T Johnson magna cum laude nicholas yozak summa cum laude Parker James Cain summa cum laude a university honors scholar Jenna marine Kappas magna cum laude Caitlin Elizabeth plus tau ski Leah Carmel Kabbalah university honors scholar Emily and Christine Lomond Maria Kathleen McMahon cum laude lauren ashley macmillan cum laude thomas joseph meyer cum laude win new yen donna hope Odhiambo Kiera Shanice Mack onna Renee Ocasio magna cum laude a university honors scholar harsh Hwa Jai ash Kumar Patel Ariel Louise Porter summa cum laude a university honors scholar Joseph Michael Powers cum laude Ethan and Roop a light summa cum laude Alexandra Rose Nunez Reagan kaeleen powers cum laude Kara Lindsey magna cum laude Meredith Susan Peterson Rachel Katelyn procopius summa cum laude a university honors scholar Austin Miller Ortman Abbey Brianna prophet John Jason puckett Andrew Connor Quillin cum laude Justin Caleb rave cum laude Brian Murphy Randall Haley Havilland rands ler William Tate Rennes and brick cum laude university honors scholar Samuel Robert reading tani Cheyenne Riker cum laude university honors scholar Kate Murray Rocky Benjamin Joseph Ryan cum laude hannah Jay Shafer summa cum laude samantha Riley Shaw magna cum laude Gretchen Rose Smith cum laude Tyler statical cumavi Caitlyn stone cool Audi Aaron Catherine of Sutton Christopher Andrew Taggart Terran Michael taught her Curtis Lewis Thompson Madison Ariel Harley mushiya Thompson Caitlin Aaron Thornberrys summa cum laude Caleb Daniel tiller Maggie Elizabeth Thomas Hannah Marie Tobler cum laude Bret Taylor tour line cool out eh Michaela gene Turner cum laude Carrie and Weimer summa cum laude a university honors scholar Allison Mary Westmore cum laude a university honors scholar Timo Vander Plaats summa cum laude Briana would John Tyler right cum laude Abigail Vivian Younker Adam Michael danowsky magna cum laude Allison Elizabeth Zim Road magna cum laude Christian Robert Zent cum laude receiving associate degrees from the College of Arts and Sciences is a B Michelle Staedtler once again let us congratulate the newest NKU graduates now please rise and join in the singing of the alma mater words of the alma mater are printed on the outside back cover of your program Northern last your vision need us hearts are women and you help us seek the higher virtues night us to the greater truth Northern Lights in rich your name and in tiny parts your children better far than one week that concludes our commencement ceremony please remain standing while the platform party and graduates leave the hall graduates to ensure a safe and orderly exit after the recessional we ask that you meet your family and guests outside the arena thank you all for coming and on behalf of the Board of Regents the administration and our faculty I congratulate each of the class of 2019 and wish you the best of continued success

Contents

Early life

McNary was born on his maternal grandfather's family farm north of Salem on June 12, 1874.[3][4] He was the ninth of ten children, and the third son, born to Hugh Linza McNary and Mary Margaret McNary (née Claggett).[4] When the two married in 1860, Hugh McNary's father-in-law gave him a 112-acre (0.45 km2) farm in what is now the city of Keizer.[4] Charles McNary's paternal grandfather, James McNary, moved from Missouri to Clackamas County under the Provisional Government of Oregon in 1845, while James McNary's grandfather, Hugh McNary, was an Ulster Scots immigrant who settled in Kentucky. Charles McNary's maternal grandparents, Charles Claggett (McNary's namesake) and Mary South Claggett (née Irvine), moved also from Missouri to the Oregon Territory in 1852.[4][5][6] McNary's maternal grandmother also descended from Ulster Scots immigrants from County Antrim and County Armagh, Ireland to Campbell County, Virginia, who originally migrated to Ulster from Aberdeenshire, Scotland.[list 1]

McNary's father helped on the family farm, then taught school for a few years before returning to farming near Salem.[11] When McNary's mother died in 1878, his father moved the family to Salem where he bought a general merchandise store after being unable to run the family farm because of declining health.[4] Charles, known as Tot, began his education at a one-room school in Keizer and later attended Central School in Salem, living on North Commercial Street.[4] Hugh McNary died in 1883, making Charlie an orphan at the age of nine.[3]

Nina McNary became the head of the household, while other siblings took jobs in order to provide for the family.[12] As a boy, Charles worked as a paperboy, in an orchard, and at other farming tasks.[12] He met Herbert Hoover, a future U.S. president, who moved to Salem in 1888.[12] He later worked in the county recorder's office for his brother John Hugh McNary, who had been elected as county recorder in 1890, and for a short time attended the Capital Business College.[12] After leaving that school, he enrolled in college preparatory classes at Willamette University, with an eye towards attending Stanford University or the University of California.[12] During this time he met Jessie Breyman, whom he began dating, at a social club he helped start.[12] Another member of the club was Oswald West, a future governor of Oregon.[12]

Legal career

In the autumn of 1896, McNary moved to California to attend Stanford, where he studied law, economics, science, and history while working as a waiter to pay for his housing.[5][13] He left Stanford and returned to Oregon in 1897 after his family asked him to come home.[14] Back in Salem, he read law under the supervision of his brother John and Samuel L. Hayden, and passed the bar in 1898.[15] The brothers practiced law together in Salem as McNary & McNary, while John also served as deputy district attorney for Marion County.[14] At this time, Charles bought the old family farm and returned it to the family.[14] From 1909 to 1911 he served as president of the Salem Board of Trade, and in 1909 helped to organize the Salem Fruit Union, an agricultural association.[16]

Head and shoulders of a woman, about age 20. Her dark hair is tightly coiffed and parted in the middle near her forehead. The ruffles of her white dress extend like stubby wings from her shoulders.
Jessie Breyman circa 1896

While still partnered with his brother, McNary began teaching property law at Willamette University College of Law in the spring of 1899 and courting Jessie Breyman.[14] In 1908, he was hired as its dean to replace John W. Reynolds.[14] As dean, he worked to enlarge the school and secure additional classroom space.[14] He recruited prominent local attorneys to serve on the faculty and increased the size of the school from four graduates in 1908 to 36 in 1913, his last year as dean.[14] In his drive to make Willamette's law school one of the top programs on the West Coast, he had it re-located from leased space in office buildings to the university campus.[14]

On November 19, 1902, he married Jessie Breyman, the daughter of successful Salem businessman Eugene Breyman.[14] Jessie died on July 3, 1918, in an automobile accident south of Newberg on her way home to Salem.[17] She had been in Oregon to attend the funeral of her mother and was returning from Portland in the Boise family's car when it flipped and crushed her.[17] McNary spent several days in Oregon for her funeral and then returned to Washington.[17] Charles and Jessie had no children.

State politics

Two smiling middle-aged men in business suits shake hands in front of a window. They are standing but are visible only from the waist up.
Senator McNary and Representative Gilbert N. Haugen, cosponsors of the McNary–Haugen Farm Relief Bill, shake hands at the White House in 1929.

McNary first held public office in 1892 when he became Marion County's deputy recorder, remaining in the position until 1896.[5] In 1904 he managed successful campaign of his brother, John, for district attorney for the third judicial district of Oregon.[14] John then appointed Charles as his deputy, who served until 1911.[13][14]

Steve Neal, McNary's biographer, describes McNary as a progressive who stuck with the Republican Party in 1910 even when many progressives left the party in favor of West, a Democrat.[14] McNary backed the Progressive Era reforms (the initiative, recall, referendum, primary elections, and the direct election of US senators) of Oregonian William Simon U'Ren, and he was an early supporter of public, rather than private, power companies.[18] After West won the election, he chose McNary to be special legal counsel to Oregon's railroad commission, who urged lower passenger and freight rates.[18] Meanwhile, McNary maintained friendly relations with both progressive and conservative factions of the Oregon Republicans and with West.[14]

In 1913, West appointed McNary to the Oregon Supreme Court to fill a new position, created by the legislature's expansion of the court from five justices to seven.[19] The youngest of the justices, at 38, McNary left law school and private practice behind.[20] He quickly "established himself as a judicial activist and strong advocate of progressive reform."[21] A supporter of organized labor, McNary "consistently defended the rights of injured workers and was not hesitant about using the bench as an instrument for social change"[22] such as an eight-hour day for public employees.[22] Unions supported McNary throughout his political career.[22]

Several criminal convictions resulted from the Portland vice scandal in November 1912 surrounding the city's gay male subculture. By the time McNary was seated, some convictions had been appealed to the court. He wrote the dissenting opinion in the reversal of the conviction of prominent Portland attorney Edward McAllister. The dissent was emotionally charged and "revealed a deeply seated personal discomfort with same-sex eroticism."[23]

In 1914, the court moved into the new Oregon Supreme Court Building, and McNary filed to run for a full six-year term on the bench.[20] At that time the office was partisan, and McNary lost the Republican primary, by a single vote, to Henry L. Benson, after several recounts and the discovery of uncounted ballots.[20] After his defeat, he served the remainder of his partial term and left the court in 1915.[24] On July 8, 1916, after a close, multiballot contest, with several contenders, the Republican State Committee elected McNary to be the chair.[25] He was seen as someone who could unify the progressive and conservative wings of the party in Oregon.[25]

Federal politics

As chairman of the state's Republican Party, McNary campaigned to get the Republican presidential nominee, Charles Evans Hughes, elected in the 1916 presidential election.[26] Hughes, a former US Supreme Court justice and future chief justice, carried Oregon but lost the presidency to the incumbent, Woodrow Wilson.[26] When US Senator Harry Lane died in office, on May 23, 1917, it created an opportunity for McNary to redeem himself after his failed bid for election to the Oregon Supreme Court.[26][27] McNary was among several possible successors considered by Oregon Governor James Withycombe.[28] The governor preferred someone who supported national women's suffrage and Prohibition, and he shared with McNary an interest in farming.[28] Furthermore, McNary supporters argued that both progressive and conservative factions of the Republican Party would accept McNary and that unity would give the party the best chance of retaining the Senate seat in the next election.[28] Withycombe appointed McNary to the unexpired term on May 29.[28]

After resigning as state party chairman, McNary prepared to campaign for a full term in the Senate. He faced Speaker of the Oregon House of Representatives Robert N. Stanfield in the May 1918 Republican primary.[17] McNary defeated Stanfield 52,546 to 30,999.[17] In the November general election, he defeated a friend and former governor, Oswald West, 82,360 to 64,303, to win a full, six-year term in the Senate.[17] Meanwhile, Frederick W. Mulkey won the election to replace McNary and finished Lane's original term, which would end in January 1919, and Mulkey took office on November 6, 1918, replacing McNary in that seat.[17]

Shortly after taking office, Mulkey resigned the seat effective December 17, 1918, and McNary was then reappointed to the Senate on December 12, 1918, and took office on December 18, instead of taking office in January, when his term he was elected to would have started.[13][29] Mulkey resigned in order to give McNary a slight seniority edge over other new members of the Senate.[17][29] In 1920, former adversary Stanfield defeated incumbent Democrat George Earle Chamberlain for Oregon's other Senate seat, making McNary the state's senior senator.[30] McNary won re-election four times, in 1924, 1930, 1936, and 1942, serving in Washington, D.C., until his death.

Senate years

After World War I, Wilson sought Senate approval of the Treaty of Versailles. Because the treaty included provisions for establishing and joining the League of Nations, one of Wilson's Fourteen Points, Republicans opposed it.[31][32] Going against much of his party, McNary, part of a group of senators known as "reservationists," proposed minor changes to support the United States entry into the League.[31] Ultimately, the Senate never ratified the Treaty of Versailles, and the United States never joined the League.[32]

One of the prime opponents of Wilson and the League was Senate Majority Leader Henry Cabot Lodge.[30] After McNary demonstrated his skill in the debate over the League, Lodge took him under his wing, and the two formed a longtime friendship.[30] The friendship helped McNary secure favorable committee assignments and ushered him into the inner power circle of the Senate.[30] Early in his career, he served as chairman of the Irrigation and Reclamation of Arid Lands Committee, and as a member of the Agriculture and Forestry Committee.[13] In 1922, President Warren G. Harding asked McNary to be the Secretary of the Interior to replace Albert B. Fall because of Fall's involvement in the ongoing Teapot Dome scandal.[30] McNary declined, preferring to stay in the Senate.[30]

A middle-aged man in a suit and tie stands on a sidewalk in front of a stone wall.
McNary as senator.

In 1933, McNary was selected as the Senate Minority Leader by fellow Republicans, while the Senate was under Democratic control during the New Deal era.[33] He remained Minority Leader for the rest of his time in office[13] and "hovered most of the time on the periphery of the Republican left"[3] and opposed disciplining Republican senators who supported Roosevelt.[33] He supported many of the New Deal programs, at the beginning of Roosevelt's presidency. As World War II approached, he favored "all aid to England and France short of war."[3] He voted to keep an arms embargo in place but supported the Lend-Lease agreement with the British in 1941 and the reinstatement of Selective Service in 1940, in preparation for military conscription of civilian men.[5]

As early as the 1920s, McNary supported the development of federal hydroelectric power dams,[3] and in 1933, he introduced legislation that led to the building of the Grand Coulee and Bonneville dams on the Columbia, as public works projects.[34] He voted for the US joining the World Court in 1926. He favored buying more National Forest lands, reforestation, fire protection for forests via the Clarke–McNary Act, and farm support. Although vetoed by President Calvin Coolidge, the McNary–Haugen Farm Relief Bill was the forerunner of the farm legislation of the New Deal.[35]

Vice presidential nomination

In 1940, he was the Republican nominee for vice president,[36] as a western farm leader chosen to balance the ticket of presidential nominee Wendell Willkie, a pro-business leader from the east.[35]

The two men differed on many issues. Writing for Life magazine shortly before the general election in 1940, Richard L. Neuberger said, "Whether as Vice President of the U.S. Charley McNary can keep on endorsing Government-power projects, isolation, high tariffs and huge outlays for farm relief under a President who believes in none of these things remains to be seen."[3] McNary's acceptance speech reiterated his support for the Tennessee Valley Authority,[37] a federally owned power-producing corporation that Willkie, as "the head of a far-flung [private] utilities empire," had opposed.[3] During the campaign, McNary promoted farming issues and criticized foreign trade agreements, which, he said, had "closed European markets to our grain, meat, fruits and fiber."[38] The Willkie/McNary ticket lost decisively to the Roosevelt/Wallace ticket.

Family and legacy

On December 29, 1923, McNary married for the second time, to Cornelia Woodburn Morton. He met Morton at a dinner party during World War I, in her hometown of Washington, D.C.[39] Before the marriage, she had worked as his private secretary.[39] As with his first marriage, his second did not produce children, but Charles and Cornelia adopted a daughter, Charlotte, in 1935.[3]

Head and shoulders of a man of about 35 in profile in an oval frame. He is wearing a dark suit and tie and a white collar. His hair is dark, full, and wavy.
McNary in 1912.

In 1926, McNary built a new $6,000 ranch-style house, which he designed himself, along two creeks on his farm north of Salem.[39] His estate, called "Fir Cone," featured a putting green, rose garden, tennis court, fishpond, and arboretum, and more than 250 acres (1.0 km2) of trees.[40] Fir Cone was described as Oregon's Monticello by later Senator Richard L. Neuberger, as it hosted many meetings with politicians from the national stage.[39] The farm included 110 acres (0.45 km2) of nut and fruit orchards, through which McNary helped establish the filbert industry in Oregon[14][41] and on which he developed the Imperial prune.[3]

After complaining of headaches and suffering slurred speech beginning in early 1943, McNary went to the Bethesda, Maryland, Naval Hospital on November 8, 1943, where doctors diagnosed a malignant brain tumor.[42] They removed it that week, and McNary was released from the hospital on December 2, but the cancer had already spread to other parts of his body.[42] He and his family departed for Fort Lauderdale, Florida, to spend the winter.[42] He partly recovered from the surgery, but by February 24, 1944, when he was re-elected as Republican Senate leader, he was comatose.[42] Charles L. McNary died in Fort Lauderdale,[43] and he was buried in Belcrest Memorial Cemetery in Salem. He was given a state funeral during which his body lay in state in the chamber of the Oregon House of Representatives at the Oregon State Capitol, Salem.[42] At the time of his death, McNary held the record for longest-serving senator from Oregon—9,726 days in office. This mark held for nearly 50 years, until broken by Mark O. Hatfield in 1993.[44]

McNary's running mate, Willkie, died eight months later on October 8. It was the first, and to date only time both members of a major-party presidential ticket died during the term for which they sought election. Had they been elected, the Presidential Succession Act of 1886 would have been invoked upon Willkie's death, and his Secretary of State would have been sworn in as Acting President for the remainder of the term ending on January 20, 1945.[45][46]

Named for him are:

See also

References

  1. ^ a b During McNary's 1940 campaign for Vice President, Austin served as Acting Leader.
  2. ^ "U.S. Senate: Majority and Minority Leaders and Party Whips". www.senate.gov. Retrieved 2017-05-16.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i Neuberger, Richard L. (1940-08-12). "McNary of Fir Cone". Life. Time, Inc. pp. 76–84. Retrieved 2009-10-17.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Steve Neal, McNary of Oregon: A Political Biography. Portland, OR: Western Imprints, 1985; pp. 1–2. OCLC 12214557.
  5. ^ a b c d e Oregon Biographical Dictionary. St. Clair Shores, Michigan: Somerset Publishers, Inc. 1999. pp. 130–134. ISBN 0-403-09841-6.
  6. ^ "Mary South Irvine Claggett (1813-1889) - Find a Grave Memorial". Find a Grave. Retrieved July 25, 2019.
  7. ^ "John Irvine (1700-1788) - Find a Grave Memorial". Find a Grave. Retrieved July 25, 2019.
  8. ^ "Mary Boyd Irvine (1707-Unknown) - Find a Grave Memorial". Find a Grave. Retrieved July 25, 2019.
  9. ^ "Robert Irvine (1655-Unknown) - Find a Grave Memorial". Find a Grave. Retrieved July 25, 2019.
  10. ^ "Margaret Wylie Irvine (1660-Unknown) - Find a Grave Memorial". Find a Grave. Retrieved July 25, 2019.
  11. ^ Gaston, Joseph (1912). The centennial history of Oregon, 1811–1912, Volume 4. Chicago: The S.J. Clarke Publishing Company. p. 389. Retrieved 2009-10-16.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g Neal, McNary of Oregon, pp. 3–6.
  13. ^ a b c d e "McNary, Charles Linza". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. United States Congress. Retrieved 2007-02-03.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Neal, McNary of Oregon, pp. 9–13.
  15. ^ Colmer, Montagu; Charles Erskine Scott Wood (1910). History of the Bench and Bar of Oregon. Portland, Or.: Historical Pub. Co. p. 180.
  16. ^ Neal, McNary of Oregon, pp. 12–13.
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h Neal, McNary of Oregon, pp. 39–50.
  18. ^ a b Neal, McNary of Oregon, p. 13.
  19. ^ Neal, McNary of Oregon, p. 17.
  20. ^ a b c Neal, McNary of Oregon, pp. 17–24.
  21. ^ Neal, McNary of Oregon, p. 18.
  22. ^ a b c Neal, McNary of Oregon, p. 19.
  23. ^ Painter, George (April 2001). "Justice Finally Realized: The case of Edward McAllister". Oregon State Bar Bulletin. Retrieved December 25, 2010.
  24. ^ Neal, McNary of Oregon, p. 24.
  25. ^ a b Neal, McNary of Oregon, p. 30.
  26. ^ a b c Neal, McNary of Oregon, pp. 29–38.
  27. ^ "Harry Lane". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. United States Congress. Retrieved 2008-11-26.
  28. ^ a b c d Neal, McNary of Oregon, pp. 32–33
  29. ^ a b "Frederick W. Mulkey Was Twice Elected to the United States Senate from Oregon". The New York Times. 1924-05-06.
  30. ^ a b c d e f Neal, McNary of Oregon, p. 61–70.
  31. ^ a b Neal, McNary of Oregon, pp. 50–59.
  32. ^ a b Egerton, George W. (December 1978). "Britain and the 'Great Betrayal': Anglo-American Relations and the Struggle for United States Ratification of the Treaty of Versailles, 1919-1920". The Historical Journal. Cambridge University Press. 21 (4): 891, 909–911. doi:10.1017/s0018246x0000073x. ISSN 0018-246X. JSTOR 2638973.
  33. ^ a b "Senate Democrats to Organize Today". The New York Times. Associated Press. 1933-03-06.
  34. ^ Dick, Wesley Arden (Autumn–Winter 1989). "When Dams Weren't Damned: The Public Power Crusade and Visions of the Good Life in the Pacific Northwest in the 1930s". Environmental Review. Forest History Society and American Society for Environmental History. 13 (3/4): 122. JSTOR 3984393.(subscription required)
  35. ^ a b Catledge, Turner (1940-06-29). "Senator Drafted: New Party Rulers Pick Veteran Farm Leader to Balance Ticket". The New York Times.
  36. ^ Neuberger, Richard L. (1940-07-07). "M'Nary Is Strong in the Northwest". The New York Times.
  37. ^ "M'Nary's Acceptance of the Vice Presidential Nomination". The New York Times. 1940-08-28.
  38. ^ "Hull 'Double Talk' Scored by M'Nary". The New York Times. 1940-10-06.
  39. ^ a b c d Neal, McNary of Oregon, pp. 85–88.
  40. ^ a b c Terry, John (October 20, 2002). "Oregon's Trails; Oregon's Sen. McNary was a tree hugger for his time". The Oregonian. p. A22.
  41. ^ The McNary Family (Keizertimes online reprint, with self-published author's permission, of material from Looking Back–People and Places in the Early Keizer Area, 1981 ed.). Anne Lossner. Archived from the original on 2007-07-02. Retrieved 2007-09-06.
  42. ^ a b c d e Neal, McNary of Oregon, pp. 233–235.
  43. ^ "Senator M'Nary Dies in Florida". The New York Times. 1944-02-26.
  44. ^ Ultich, Roberta (August 26, 1993). "Hatfield chalks up yet another mark". The Oregonian. p. D1.
  45. ^ Brewer, F. (1945). "Succession to the presidency". Editorial research reports 1945 (Vol. II). Washington, D.C.: CQ Press. Retrieved July 12, 2018. If the Republican ticket had been elected in 1940, the plan of succession adopted in 1886 would probably have come into operation for the first time in 1944. Charles McNary, Republican candidate for Vice President, died on Feb. 25, 1944, With the death of Wendell Willkie, on Oct. 8, his Secretary of State would have been sworn in for the remainder of the term ending on Jan. 20, 1945.
  46. ^ Feinman, Ronald L. (March 1, 2016). "The Election of 1940 and the Might-Have-Been that Makes One Shudder". History News Network. Retrieved July 13, 2018.
Bundled references

External links

Academic offices
Preceded by
John Reynolds
Dean of the Willamette University College of Law
1908–1913
Succeeded by
Isaac Homer Van Winkle
Legal offices
New seat Associate Justice of the Oregon Supreme Court
1913–1915
Succeeded by
Henry L. Benson
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
Harry Lane
U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Oregon
1917–1918
Served alongside: George E. Chamberlain
Succeeded by
Frederick W. Mulkey
Preceded by
Frederick W. Mulkey
U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Oregon
1918–1944
Served alongside: George E. Chamberlain, Robert N. Stanfield, Frederick Steiwer, Alfred E. Reames, Alexander G. Barry, Rufus C. Holman
Succeeded by
Guy Cordon
Preceded by
James D. Phelan
Chair of the Arid Lands Committee
1919–1926
Succeeded by
John W. Thomas
Preceded by
Charles Curtis
Senate Minority Leader
1933–1940
Succeeded by
Warren Austin
Acting
Preceded by
Warren Austin
Acting
Senate Minority Leader
1941–1944
Succeeded by
Wallace H. White Jr.
Party political offices
Preceded by
Frederick W. Mulkey
Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from Oregon
(Class 2)

1918, 1924, 1930, 1936, 1942
Succeeded by
Guy Cordon
Preceded by
James E. Watson
Chair of the Senate Republican Conference
1933–1944
Succeeded by
Arthur Vandenberg
Preceded by
Charles Curtis
Senate Republican Leader
1933–1940
Succeeded by
Warren Austin
Acting
Preceded by
Frank Knox
Republican nominee for Vice President of the United States
1940
Succeeded by
John W. Bricker
Preceded by
Warren Austin
Senate Republican Leader
1941–1944
Succeeded by
Wallace H. White Jr.
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