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1876 Republican National Convention

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1876 Republican National Convention
1876 presidential election
Hayes and Wheeler
Date(s)June 14–16, 1876
CityCincinnati, Ohio
VenueExposition Hall
Presidential nomineeRutherford B. Hayes of Ohio
Vice presidential nomineeWilliam A. Wheeler of New York
Other candidatesJames G. Blaine
Benjamin H. Bristow
‹ 1872 · 1880 ›

The 1876 Republican National Convention was a presidential nominating convention held at the Exposition Hall in Cincinnati, Ohio on June 14–16, 1876. President Ulysses S. Grant had considered seeking a third term, but with various scandals, a poor economy and heavy Democratic gains in the House of Representatives that led many Republicans to repudiate him, he declined to run.[1][2] The convention resulted in the nomination of Governor Rutherford B. Hayes of Ohio for president and Representative William A. Wheeler of New York for vice president.

The Republican ticket of Hayes and Wheeler went on to lose the popular vote to Democrats Samuel J. Tilden and Thomas A. Hendricks in the election of 1876, but won the electoral vote after a controversy which was resolved by the Compromise of 1877.

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The convention was called to order by Republican National Committee chairman Edwin D. Morgan. Theodore M. Pomeroy served as the convention's temporary chairman and Edward McPherson served as permanent president.

The principal candidates at the convention included Senator James G. Blaine of Maine, the former Speaker of the House; Senator Oliver P. Morton of Indiana; Secretary of the Treasury Benjamin H. Bristow of Kentucky; Senator Roscoe Conkling of New York; Governor Rutherford B. Hayes of Ohio; and Governor John F. Hartranft of Pennsylvania. James Russell Lowell, well-known poet and a professor at Harvard College, spoke on behalf of Hayes.[3]

Two candidates, Benjamin Bristow and Marshall Jewell of Connecticut, were serving as Cabinet members in the Grant administration.

Presidential nomination

Presidential candidates

Interior of the Exposition Hall of Cincinnati during the announcement of Rutherford B. Hayes as the party's nominee for president

Blaine led after the first ballot, but had only 285 of the 378 delegates required to secure the nomination. Morton, Bristow, and Conkling each had around 100 delegates, while Hayes and Hartranft each had around 60. The second, third, and fourth ballots saw similar results, but Hayes began to surge on the fifth ballot, passing Morton and Conkling to secure third place after Blaine and Bristow. The sixth ballot saw Blaine rise to 308, but, with the other candidates fading, Hayes continued his surge, moving into second place. After the sixth ballot, the Bristow, Conkling, Morton, and Hartranft supporters withdrew their candidates' names from consideration, leaving Hayes as the sole focus of opposition to Blaine. With the other candidates gone, Hayes won a narrow majority on the seventh ballot and secured the nomination.

Presidential Ballot
Ballot 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th
Hayes 61 64 67 68 104 113 384
Blaine 285 296 293 292 286 308 351
Bristow 113 114 121 126 114 111 21
Morton 124 120 113 108 95 85 0
Conkling 99 93 90 84 82 81 0
Hartranft 58 63 68 71 69 50 0
Jewell 11 0 0 0 0 0 0
Washburne 0 1 1 3 3 4 0
Wheeler 3 3 2 2 2 2 0
Not Voting 2 2 1 2 1 2 0

Presidential Balloting / 3rd Day of Convention (June 16, 1876)

Vice Presidential nomination

Vice Presidential candidates

Five names were presented to the convention for the vice presidential nomination. Stewart L. Woodford of New York withdrew his own name from consideration as it was not done at his suggestion.

Representative William A. Wheeler of New York was thirteen votes shy of a majority on a partial first ballot when the rules were suspended so that he could be nominated by acclamation. Wheeler defeated Frederick T. Frelinghuysen of New Jersey, Marshall Jewell and Joseph R. Hawley of Connecticut for the nomination.

Vice Presidential Ballot[4]
Ballot 1st (Partial Roll-Call)
Wheeler 366
Frelinghuysen 89
Jewell 86
Woodford 70
Hawley 25
Not Called 120

Vice Presidential Balloting / 3rd Day of Convention (June 16, 1876)

See also


  1. ^ McFeely, William S. (1981). Grant: A Biography. Norton. pp. 440–441. ISBN 0-393-01372-3.
  2. ^ Patrick, Rembert W. (1968). The Reconstruction of the Nation. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 255. ISBN 0-195-01016-7.
  3. ^ Heymann, C. David (1980). American Aristocracy: The Lives and Times of James Russell, Amy, and Robert Lowell. New York: Dodd, Mead & Company. p. 136. ISBN 0-396-07608-4.
  4. ^ Republican party. National convention. 6th, Cincinnati; Clancy, A. M.; Nelson, William (10 April 1876). "Proceedings of the Republican national convention, held at Cincinnati, Ohio ... June 14, 15, and 16, 1876 ." Concord, N.H., Republic press association. Retrieved 10 April 2018 – via Internet Archive.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)

External links

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This page was last edited on 20 September 2023, at 03:34
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