In the mathematical area of knot theory, the unknotting number of a knot is the minimum number of times the knot must be passed through itself (crossing switch) to untie it. If a knot has unknotting number , then there exists a diagram of the knot which can be changed to unknot by switching crossings.^{[1]} The unknotting number of a knot is always less than half of its crossing number.^{[2]}
Any composite knot has unknotting number at least two, and therefore every knot with unknotting number one is a prime knot. The following table show the unknotting numbers for the first few knots:
In general, it is relatively difficult to determine the unknotting number of a given knot. Known cases include:
 The unknotting number of a nontrivial twist knot is always equal to one.
 The unknotting number of a torus knot is equal to .^{[3]}
 The unknotting numbers of prime knots with nine or fewer crossings have all been determined.^{[4]} (The unknotting number of the 10_{11} prime knot is unknown.)
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Knot Floer homology  Prof. Peter Ozsváth
Transcription
Contents
Other numerical knot invariants
See also
References
 ^ Adams, Colin Conrad (2004). The knot book: an elementary introduction to the mathematical theory of knots. Providence, Rhode Island: American Mathematical Society. p. 56. ISBN 0821836781.
 ^ Taniyama, Kouki (2009), "Unknotting numbers of diagrams of a given nontrivial knot are unbounded", Journal of Knot Theory and its Ramifications, 18 (8): 1049–1063, doi:10.1142/S0218216509007361, MR 2554334.
 ^ "Torus Knot", Mathworld.Wolfram.com. "".
 ^ Weisstein, Eric W. "Unknotting Number". MathWorld.