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# Fibered knot

In knot theory, a branch of mathematics, a knot or link ${\displaystyle K}$ in the 3-dimensional sphere ${\displaystyle S^{3}}$ is called fibered or fibred (sometimes Neuwirth knot in older texts, after Lee Neuwirth) if there is a 1-parameter family ${\displaystyle F_{t}}$ of Seifert surfaces for ${\displaystyle K}$, where the parameter ${\displaystyle t}$ runs through the points of the unit circle ${\displaystyle S^{1}}$, such that if ${\displaystyle s}$ is not equal to ${\displaystyle t}$ then the intersection of ${\displaystyle F_{s}}$ and ${\displaystyle F_{t}}$ is exactly ${\displaystyle K}$.

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• ✪ Trefoil knot
• ✪ David Morrison: Calabi–Yau manifolds, Mirror Symmetry, and F-theory - Part I
• ✪ Convex Surfaces and Classification of Contact Structures (Ko Honda @ MSRI)

## Examples

For example:

### Knots that are not fibered

The stevedore knot is not fibered

The Alexander polynomial of a fibered knot is monic, i.e. the coefficients of the highest and lowest powers of t are plus or minus 1. Examples of knots with nonmonic Alexander polynomials abound, for example the twist knots have Alexander polynomials ${\displaystyle qt-(2q+1)+qt^{-1}}$, where q is the number of half-twists.[1] In particular the stevedore knot is not fibered.

## Related constructions

Fibered knots and links arise naturally, but not exclusively, in complex algebraic geometry. For instance, each singular point of a complex plane curve can be described topologically as the cone on a fibered knot or link called the link of the singularity. The trefoil knot is the link of the cusp singularity ${\displaystyle z^{2}+w^{3}}$; the Hopf link (oriented correctly) is the link of the node singularity ${\displaystyle z^{2}+w^{2}}$. In these cases, the family of Seifert surfaces is an aspect of the Milnor fibration of the singularity.

A knot is fibered if and only if it is the binding of some open book decomposition of ${\displaystyle S^{3}}$.