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Tazewell County, Illinois

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Tazewell County, Illinois
Tazewell County, Illinois courthouse from SW 2.jpg
Tazewell County Courthouse in Pekin
Seal of Tazewell County, Illinois

Seal
Map of Illinois highlighting Tazewell County

Location in the U.S. state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois

Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded1827
Named forLittleton Waller Tazewell
SeatPekin
Largest cityPekin
Area
 • Total658 sq mi (1,704 km2)
 • Land649 sq mi (1,681 km2)
 • Water9.0 sq mi (23 km2), 1.4%
Population
 • (2010)135,394
 • Density209/sq mi (81/km2)
Congressional districts17th, 18th
Time zoneCentral: UTC−6/−5
Websitewww.tazewell.com

Tazewell County(/tæzwɛl/) is a county in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 135,394.[1] Its county seat and largest city is Pekin.[2] It is pronounced with a short "a", to rhyme with "razz" rather than "raze".

Tazewell County is part of the Peoria, IL Metropolitan Statistical Area. The majority of the population lives along the county's western border.

History

Tazewell County was formed out of Peoria County in 1827. The consensus appears to be that it was named in honor of Littleton Tazewell, who served in the U.S. Senate, and who became Governor of Virginia in 1834. It is, however, possible that it was named after Littleton's father, prominent Virginia politician Henry Tazewell, after whom Tazewell County, Virginia, was named.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 658 square miles (1,700 km2), of which 649 square miles (1,680 km2) is land and 9.0 square miles (23 km2) (1.4%) is water.[4]

Climate and weather

Pekin, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
1.5
 
 
31
14
 
 
1.7
 
 
37
20
 
 
2.8
 
 
49
30
 
 
3.6
 
 
62
40
 
 
4.2
 
 
73
51
 
 
3.8
 
 
82
60
 
 
4
 
 
86
65
 
 
3.2
 
 
84
63
 
 
3.1
 
 
77
54
 
 
2.8
 
 
64
42
 
 
3
 
 
49
31
 
 
2.4
 
 
35
20
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[5]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Pekin have ranged from a low of 14 °F (−10 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −27 °F (−33 °C) was recorded in January 1884 and a record high of 113 °F (45 °C) was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.50 inches (38 mm) in January to 4.17 inches (106 mm) in May.[5]

Adjacent counties

Transportation

Major highways

Airports

The following public-use airports are located in Tazewell County:[6]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18304,716
18407,22153.1%
185012,05266.9%
186021,47078.1%
187027,90330.0%
188029,6666.3%
189029,556−0.4%
190033,22112.4%
191034,0272.4%
192038,54013.3%
193046,08219.6%
194058,36226.6%
195076,16530.5%
196099,78931.0%
1970118,64918.9%
1980132,07811.3%
1990123,692−6.3%
2000128,4853.9%
2010135,3945.4%
Est. 2017133,526[7]−1.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 135,394 people, 54,146 households, and 37,163 families residing in the county.[12] The population density was 208.6 inhabitants per square mile (80.5/km2). There were 57,516 housing units at an average density of 88.6 per square mile (34.2/km2).[4] The racial makeup of the county was 96.2% white, 1.0% black or African American, 0.7% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.5% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.9% of the population.[12] In terms of ancestry, 35.6% were German, 15.6% were American, 14.4% were Irish, and 12.0% were English.[13]

Of the 54,146 households, 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.2% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.4% were non-families, and 26.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.94. The median age was 39.8 years.[12]

The median income for a household in the county was $54,232 and the median income for a family was $66,764. Males had a median income of $50,372 versus $34,747 for females. The per capita income for the county was $27,036. About 6.3% of families and 7.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.2% of those under age 18 and 4.5% of those age 65 or over.[14]

Communities

Cities

Villages

Census-designated place

Other unincorporated communities

Townships

Tazewell County is divided into these townships:

Politics

Tazewell County has been solidly Republican on the national level, voting for the Republican candidate since 1996.

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 59.8% 38,707 32.0% 20,685 8.3% 5,359
2012 57.7% 35,335 39.9% 24,438 2.5% 1,509
2008 51.9% 33,247 45.9% 29,384 2.2% 1,429
2004 57.8% 36,058 41.4% 25,814 0.8% 466
2000 54.1% 31,537 43.5% 25,379 2.5% 1,432
1996 45.5% 24,395 45.0% 24,139 9.6% 5,144
1992 39.1% 23,469 44.1% 26,428 16.8% 10,097
1988 53.7% 28,861 45.8% 24,603 0.5% 263
1984 59.2% 33,782 40.4% 23,095 0.4% 238
1980 62.8% 35,481 30.0% 16,924 7.2% 4,057
1976 55.1% 28,951 43.5% 22,821 1.4% 731
1972 67.1% 31,937 32.7% 15,576 0.2% 100
1968 47.4% 22,971 42.8% 20,712 9.8% 4,739
1964 37.6% 17,170 62.5% 28,561 0.0% 0
1960 53.8% 23,967 46.1% 20,521 0.1% 38
1956 59.3% 23,690 40.6% 16,230 0.1% 50
1952 55.1% 20,763 44.8% 16,862 0.1% 28
1948 46.7% 12,504 52.8% 14,131 0.5% 143
1944 46.3% 12,531 53.3% 14,412 0.4% 96
1940 41.2% 12,419 58.4% 17,624 0.4% 116
1936 32.1% 7,946 66.6% 16,487 1.4% 341
1932 34.5% 7,260 64.6% 13,591 1.0% 204
1928 56.7% 9,409 41.7% 6,910 1.6% 267
1924 52.1% 7,488 23.5% 3,375 24.4% 3,507
1920 62.7% 7,679 29.7% 3,640 7.6% 931
1916 47.6% 6,672 48.1% 6,743 4.4% 613
1912 32.4% 2,500 47.4% 3,654 20.3% 1,563
1908 47.6% 3,767 47.8% 3,786 4.7% 370
1904 52.4% 4,051 42.1% 3,255 5.5% 423
1900 48.1% 3,957 49.2% 4,048 2.8% 230
1896 48.7% 3,703 49.2% 3,743 2.0% 155
1892 43.6% 3,030 52.6% 3,652 3.8% 262

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 9, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ White, Jesse. Origin and Evolution of Illinois Counties. State of Illinois, March 2010. [1]
  4. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12.
  5. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Pekin, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27.
  6. ^ "Tazewell County Public and Private Airports". www.tollfreeairline.com. Retrieved 19 March 2018.
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 9, 2014.
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 9, 2014.
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 9, 2014.
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 9, 2014.
  12. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12.
  13. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12.
  14. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12.
  15. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 19 March 2018.

This page was last edited on 13 November 2018, at 12:30
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