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List of protected areas of Illinois

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Illinois Locator Map.PNG
Map of Protected Areas of Illinois
Each dot is linked to the corresponding article:
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Parks;
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Forests;
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Recreation Areas;
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Fish and Wildlife Areas;
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Natural Areas;
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National Historic Sites and Trails

Illinois has a variety of protected areas, including 123 state protected areas - state parks, wildlife areas, recreation areas, nature reserves, and state forests. There are also federal and local level protected areas in the state. These levels interact to provide a variety of recreation opportunities and conservation schemes, sometimes in a small area. For instance, 1,500-acre (6.1 km2) Shabbona Lake State Park lies in DeKalb County which has its own 1,000-acre (4.0 km2) forest preserve system, while the city of DeKalb has a 700-acre (2.8 km2) park system. There is one UNESCO World Heritage Site in Illinois, Cahokia.

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  • ✪ The Law You Won't Be Told
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Transcription

# The Law You Won't Be Told On a Jury you know your options: guilty, or not. But there's another choice that neither the judge nor the lawyers will tell you -- often because they're not allowed to and also it might better if you *don't* know. This video will tell you that third choice, but be warned: simply *watching* may prevent you from ever serving on a jury -- so this is your last chance to hit the pause button before you learn about... Jury nullification: when the defendant is 100% beyond-a-reasonable-doubt guilty *but* the jurors *also* think he shouldn't be punished. The jury can nullify the law and let him go free. But before your on your next jury and yell 'Null! Booya!' at the judge you should know that just talking about jury nullification in the wrong circumstances can get you arrested. Though a video such as this one, simply acknowledging the *existence* of jury nullification and in *no way advocating* it is totally OK. And, while we're at it: *(CGP Grey is not a lawyer, this is not legal advice it is meant for entertainment purposes only. Seriously, guy, don't do anything in a court of law based on what an Internet Video told you. No joke.)* So why can't you do this? It's because nullification isn't *in* the law †, but exists as a logical consequence of two other laws: First: that juries can't be punished for a 'wrong' decision -- no matter the witnesses, DNA, or video proof show. That's the point of a jury: to be the decider. and Second: when a defendant is found not-guilty, that defendant can't be tried again for the same crime ‡. So there *are* only two stated options: guilty or not, it's just that jury nullification is when the words of the jurors don't match their thoughts -- for which they can't be punished and their not-guilty decision can't be changed. These laws are necessary for juries to exist within a fair system, but the logical consequence is... contentious -- lawyers and judges argue about jury nullification like physicists argue about quantum mechanics. Both are difficult to observe and the interpretation of both has a huge philosophical ramification for the subject as a whole. Is nullification the righteous will of the people or an anarchy of twelve or just how citizens judge their laws? The go-to example in favor of nullification is the fugitive slave law: when Northern juries refused to convict escaped slaves and set them free. Can't argue with that. But the anarchy side is Southern juries refusing to convict white lynch mobs. Not humanity at its best. But both of these are juries nullifying the law. Also juries have *two* options where their thoughts may differ from their words. Jury nullification usually refers to the non-guilty version but juries can convict without evidence just as easily as they can acquit in spite of it. This is jury nullification too and the jurors are protected by the first rule, though the second doesn't apply and judges have the power to overrule a guilty verdict if they think the jurors are… nt the best. And, of course, a guilty defendant can appeal, at least for a little while. Which makes the guilty form of jury nullification weaker than the not-guilty kind. Cold comfort, though. Given the possibility of jurors who might ignore the law as written, it's not surprising when picking jurors for a trial, lawyers -- whose existence is dependent on an orderly society -- will ask about nullification, usually in the slightly roundabout way: "Do you have any beliefs that might prevent you from making a decision based strictly on the law?" If after learning about jury nullification you think it's a good idea: answer 'yes' and you'll be rejected, but answer 'no' with the intent to get on the jury to nullify and you've just committed perjury -- technically a federal crime -- which makes the optimal strategy once on a jury to zip it. But This introduces a problem for jurors who intend to nullify: telling the other 11 angry men about your position is risky, which makes nullification as a tool for fixing unjust laws nation wide problematic. (Not to mention about 95% of criminal charges in the United States never make it to trial and rather end in a plea bargain, but that's a story for another time.) The only question about jury nullification that may matter is if jurors should be *told* about it and the courts are near universal † in their decision: 'no way'. Which might seem self-interested -- again, courts depend on the law -- but there's evidence that telling jurors about nullification changes the way they vote by making evidence less relevant -- which isn't surprising: that's what nullification *is*. But mock trials also show sympathetic defendants get more non-guilty verdicts and unsympathetic defendants get more *guilty* verdicts in front of jurors who were explicitly told about nullification compared to those who weren't. Which sounds bad, but it also isn't difficult to imagine situations where jurors blindly following the law would be terribly unjust -- which is the heart of nullification: juries judge the law, not solely evidence. In the end righteous will of the people, or anarchy, or citizen lawmaking -- the system leaves you to decide -- but as long as courts are fair they require these rules, so jury nullification will always be with us.

Contents

Overview

Illinois has a wide variety of state owned and administered protected areas: state parks, state forests, state recreation areas, state fish and wildlife areas, state natural areas, and one state trail. They are all administered by the Illinois Department of Natural Resources. In addition, several of the state historic sites, administered by its Illinois Historic Preservation Division, also include nature reserves.

There is also one national forest, Shawnee National Forest, and several other sites administered by the National Park Service, including portions of National Trails. There are also National Wildlife Refuges.

Federal protected areas

U.S. Wilderness Areas

National Forest Service

United States Fish and Wildlife Service

National Park Service

There are no national parks in Illinois but the Parks Service operates the federally owned 12-acre (49,000 m2) Lincoln Home National Historic Site in Springfield, Illinois and the Pullman National Monument in Chicago. The Chicago Portage National Historic Site is a NPS-affiliated site which is located in the Forest Preserve District of Cook County’s Portage Woods and Ottawa Trail Woods units. In addition, the NPS partners in the Abraham Lincoln National Heritage Area.

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

Current state parks

State parks are owned by the state and generally administered by the Illinois Department of Natural Resources.[1]

Park Name   County or Counties   Area (acres)  Area (km2)   Year Established   Water Body(s) Remarks  
Adeline Jay Geo-Karis Illinois Beach State Park Lake 4,160 16.8 1948 Lake Michigan
Anderson Lake State Fish & Wildlife Area Fulton 2,247 9.09 1947 Anderson Lake
Apple River Canyon State Park Jo Daviess 297 1.20 1932 Apple River
Argyle Lake State Park McDonough 1,700 6.9 1948 Argyle Lake
Baldwin Lake State Fish & Wildlife Area Randolph 2,018 8.17 ? Baldwin Lake
Banner Marsh State Fish and Wildlife Area Fulton 4,363 17.66 ? Illinois River
Bartlett Woods Nature Preserve Lee 23 0.093 1987 Big Bureau Creek
Beall Woods State Park Wabash 635 2.57 1966 Coffee Creek
Beaver Dam State Park Macoupin 750 3.0 1947 Beaver Dam Lake
Big River State Forest Henderson 2,900 12 1925 Mississippi River
Bohm Woods Nature Preserve[2] Madison 90 0.36 ?
Buffalo Rock State Park & Effigy Tumuli LaSalle 298 1.21 November 15, 1928 Illinois River
Cache River State Natural Area Johnson 14,314 57.93 1970 Cache River
Cape Bend State Fish and Wildlife Area[3] Alexander 1,380 5.6 ?
Carlyle Lake State Fish and Wildlife Area Fayette 37,000 150 1966 Carlyle Lake
Castle Rock State Park Ogle 2,000 8.1 1921 Rock River
Cave-in-Rock State Park Hardin 204 0.83 1929 Ohio River
Chain O'Lakes State Park McHenry 1,700 6.9 1945 Bluff Lake, Catherine Lake, Channel Lake, Fox Lake, Fox River, Grass Lake, Marie Lake, Nippersink Lake, Petite Lake, Pistakee Lake, Redhead Lake, Turner Lake
Channahon State Park Will 20.5 0.083 1932 DuPage River, Des Plaines River, Kankakee River
Clinton Lake State Recreation Area DeWitt 9,300 38 1978 Clinton Lake, Salt Creek, Old Creek
Coffeen Lake State Fish and Wildlife Area Montgomery 297 1.20 1966 Coffeen Lake, Shoal Creek
Crawford County State Fish and Wildlife Area Crawford 1,129 4.57 ? Huston Creek
Delabar State Park Henderson 89 0.36 1960 Mississippi River
Des Plaines Fish and Wildlife Area Will 5,000 20 1948 Kankakee River, Milliken Lake
Dixon Springs State Park Pope 801 3.24 1946 Wabash River
Donnelley/Depue State Park Putnam 3,015 12.20 1982 Lake DePue, Spring Lake, Coleman Lake, Illinois River
Double T State Fish and Wildlife Area Fulton 1,961 7.94 2001 Double T Lake
Eagle Creek State Recreation Area Shelby 11,100 45 May, 1963 Lake Shelbyville, Eagle Creek
Edward R. Madigan State Fish and Wildlife Area Logan 974 3.94 1971 Salt Creek
Eldon Hazlet State Recreation Area Clinton 3,000 12 ? Carlyle Lake, Lake Shelbyville
Ferne Clyffe State Park Johnson 2,430 9.8 1949 Ferne Clyffe Lake
Fort Massac State Park Massac 1,450 5.9 1908 Ohio River
Fox Ridge State Park Coles 2,064 8.35 1930s Ridge Lake, Embarras River
Frank Holten State Recreation Area St. Clair 1,080 4.4 1964 Whispering Willow Lake, Grand Marais Lake
Franklin Creek State Park Lee 664 2.69 1970 Franklin Creek
Fults Hill Prairie State Natural Area Monroe 997 4.03 1970 Kidd Lake
Gebhard Woods State Park Grundy 30 0.12 1934 Nettle Creek
Giant City State Park Jackson, Union 1,100 4.5 1927 Little Grassy Lake, Indian Creek
Golconda Marina State Recreation Area Pope 274 1.11 ? Ohio River
Goose Lake Prairie State Natural Area Grundy 2,537 10.27 1969 Goose Lake, Des Plaines River, Kankakee River, Illinois River
Green River State Wildlife Area Lee 2,565 10.38 1940 Green River
Hamilton County State Fish and Wildlife Area Hamilton 1,683 6.81 1962 Dolan Lake
Harry "Babe" Woodyard State Natural Area Vermilion 1,104 4.47 ? ?
Hazel & Bill Rutherford Wildlife Prairie State Park Peoria 1,700 6.9 2000 Deep Lake, Caboose Lake, Beaver Lake, Horseshoe Lake
Heidecke Lake State Fish & Wildlife Area Grundy 1,300 5.3 ? Heidecke Lake
Hennepin Canal Parkway State Park Bureau, Lee, Whiteside, Rock Island, Henry 60,314 244.08 1970 Hennepin Canal 104.5-mile (168.2 km) linear park (W To Moline then N to Rock Falls vic.)
Hidden Springs State Forest Shelby 1,200 4.9 1960 Richland Creek, Possum Creek
Horseshoe Lake State Fish & Wildlife Area Alexander 10,200 41 ? Horseshoe Lake
Horseshoe Lake State Park Madison 2,960 12.0 ? Horseshoe Lake
Illini State Park LaSalle 510 2.1 1934 Illinois River
Illinois Caverns State Natural Area Monroe 120 0.49 1985 None 9.6 km of the park are passages underground.
Iroquois County State Wildlife Area Iroquois 2,480 10.0 1944 None Occupies the edge of the former Glacial Lake Watseka.
James "Pate" Philip State Park DuPage, Kane 3,432 13.89 1991 Brewester Creek
Jim Edgar Panther Creek State Fish and Wildlife Area Cass 16,550 67.0 June, 1993 Gridley Lake, Prairie Lake, Drake Lake
Johnson-Sauk Trail State Park Henry 1,365 5.52 ? Johnson-Sauk Trail Lake
Jubilee College State Park Peoria 3,200 13 1933 None
Kankakee River State Park Kankakee, Will 4,000 16 1938 Kankakee River
Kaskaskia River State Fish & Wildlife Area St. Clair, Monroe, Randolph 20,000 81 ? Kaskaskia River, Baldwin Lake
Kickapoo State Recreation Area Vermilion 2,842 11.50 1939 Middle Fork
Kinkaid Lake State Fish and Wildlife Area Jackson 11,750 47.6 1968 Kinkaid Lake, Johnson Creek, Reed Creek
Kishwaukee River State Fish and Wildlife Area DeKalb 570 2.3 2002 Kishwaukee River
Lake Le-Aqua-Na State Park Stephenson 715 2.89 1948 Lake Le-Aqua-Na
Lake Murphysboro State Park Jackson 1,022 4.14 1948 Lake Murphysboro
LaSalle Lake State Fish & Wildlife Area LaSalle 2,058 8.33 ? LaSalle Lake
Lewis and Clark State Historic Site Madison 2002 None
Lincoln Trail Homestead State Memorial Macon 162 0.66 1957 Sangamon River
Lincoln Trail State Park Clark 1,023 4.14 1958 Lincoln Trail Lake
Lowden State Park Ogle 207 0.84 1945 Rock River
Mackinaw River State Fish and Wildlife Area Tazewell 1,448 5.86 1970 Mackinaw River
Marshall State Fish & Wildlife Area Marshall 6,000 24 1925 Illinois River
Matthiessen State Park LaSalle 1,700 6.9 1943 Deer Park Lake, Vermilion River
Mautino State Fish and Wildlife Area Bureau 911 3.69 ? 15 lakes
Mazonia/Braidwood State Fish and Wildlife Area Grundy 1,017 4.12 1981 Braidwood Lake
Mermet Lake State Fish and Wildlife Area Massac 2,630 10.6 1949 Mermet Lake
Middle Fork State Fish and Wildlife Area Vermilion 2,700 11 1986 Middle Fork
Mississippi Palisades State Park Carroll 2,500 10 1973 Mississippi River, Apple River
Mississippi River State Fish and Wildlife Area Jersey, Calhoun 24,386 98.69 ? Stump Lake, Fuller Lake
Moraine Hills State Park McHenry 2,200 8.9 1939 Lake Defiance, Fox River
Moraine View State Recreation Area McLean 1,687 6.83 1959 Dawson Lake, Salt Creek
Morrison-Rockwood State Park Whiteside 1,164 4.71 1971 Rock Creek, Lake Carlton
Nauvoo State Park Hancock 148 0.60 ? Mississippi River, Lake Horton
Newton Lake State Fish and Wildlife Area Jasper 1,775 7.18 1979 Newton Lake, Sand Creek, Laws Creek
North Point Marina Lake 297 1.20 ? Lake Michigan
Peabody River State Fish and Wildlife Area Randolph 2,200 8.9 ? 20 lakes
Pere Marquette State Park Jersey 8,050 32.6 1931 Mississippi River, Illinois River
Piney Creek Ravine State Natural Area Jackson, Randolph 198 0.80 1972 Piney Creek
Prophetstown State Recreation Area Whiteside 53 0.21 1947 Coon Creek, Rock River
Pyramid State Recreation Area Perry 19,701 79.73 1968 Super Lake
Ramsey Lake State Recreation Area Fayette 1,980 8.0 ? Ramsey Lake, Ramsey Creek
Randolph County State Recreation Area Randolph 1,101 4.46 1958 Randolph County Lake
Ray Norbut State Fish and Wildlife Area Pike 1,140 4.6 1970 Illinois River
Red Hills State Park Lawrence 967 3.91 1953 Muddy Creek
Rend Lake State Fish and Wildlife Area Franklin, Jefferson 38,900 157 ? Rend Lake
Rice Lake State Fish and Wildlife Area Fulton 5,660 22.9 1945 Rice Lake
Rock Cut State Park Winnebago 3,092 12.51 1957 Pierce Lake, Olson Lake
Rock Island Trail State Park Stark, Peoria 1989 None 26-mile (42 km) public rail trail.
Saline County State Fish and Wildlife Area Saline 1,270 5.1 1959 Glen O. Jones Lake
Sam Dale Lake State Fish and Wildlife Area Wayne 1,302 5.27 1959 Sam Dale Lake
Sam Parr State Fish and Wildlife Area Jasper 1,180 4.8 1960
Sand Ridge State Forest Mason 7,200 29 1939 None
Sanganois State Fish and Wildlife Area Cass, Schuyler, Mason 10,360 41.9 1948
Sangchris Lake State Recreation Area Christian, Sangamon 3,022 12.23 1964 Sangchris Lake
Shabbona Lake State Park DeKalb 1,550 6.3 1978 Shabbona Lake
Shelbyville State Fish and Wildlife Area Moultrie 6,200 25 ? Kaskaskia River, West Okaw River
Sielbeck Forest Natural Area Johnson 385 1.56 1998
Siloam Springs State Park Adams, Brown 3,323 13.45 1940
Silver Springs State Fish & Wildlife Area Kendall 1,350 5.5 1969 Fox River, Loon Lake, Beaver Lake, Silver Springs
Snakeden Hollow State Fish and Wildlife Area Knox 2,500 10 1987 Snakeden Hollow Lake
South Shore State Park Clinton 26,000 110 ? Carlyle Lake
Spitler Woods State Natural Area Macon 202.5 0.819 1937 Squirrel Creek
Spring Lake Fish and Wildlife Area Tazewell 2,032 8.22 1950 Spring Lake
Starved Rock State Park LaSalle 2,630 10.6 1911 Illinois River
Stephen A. Forbes State Recreation Area Marion 3,103 12.56 1959
Ten Mile Creek State Fish & Wildlife Area Hamilton, Jefferson 6,000 24 1988 Ten Mile Creek
Trail of Tears State Forest Union 5,114 20.70 1929 Mississippi River, Clear Creek
Tunnel Hill State Trail Johnson, Pulaski, Saline, Williamson None 45-mile (72.4 km) Trail.
Turkey Bluffs State Fish and Wildlife Area Randolph 2,264 9.16 ?
Union County State Fish and Wildlife Area Union 6,202 25.10 1940s
Volo Bog State Natural Area Lake 1,150 4.7 1970 Volo Bog
Walnut Point State Park Douglas 671 2.72 1968
Washington County State Recreation Area Washington 900 3.6 1959
Wayne Fitzgerrell State Recreation Area Franklin, Jefferson 3,300 13 1975 Rend Lake, Big Muddy River
Weinberg-King State Park Schuyler 772 3.12 1968 ?
Weldon Springs State Recreation Area DeWitt 550 2.2 1948 Salt Creek
White Pines Forest State Park Ogle 385 1.56 1927 Pine Creek, Spring Creek Southernmost stand of virgin, native white pine trees in the state of Illinois.[4]
William G. Stratton State Park Grundy
William W. Powers State Recreation Area Cook 580 2.3 1947 Wolf Lake
Wolf Creek State Park Shelby 23,500 95 1968 Lake Shelbyville, Wolf Creek
Woodford State Fish and Wildlife Area Woodford 2,900 12 Illinois River, Upper Peoria Lake

Historic preservation

Around 50 usually smaller sites concerning historic structures are owned by the state and administered by the Illinois Historic Preservation Division, some of which may have a nature preservation component, including the Cahokia World Heritage Site and Lincoln's New Salem.[5]

Local level parks

A variety of county and town protected areas exist in Illinois, including city park districts and county-wide Forest Preserve Districts. One of the largest systems is the Forest Preserve District of Cook County, which includes Brookfield Zoo and the Chicago Botanic Garden as well as 69,000 acres (280 km2) of open land, or 11 percent of Cook County’s land area.

  • Boone County Conservation District
  • Byron Forest Preserve District - 900 acres (3.6 km2)
  • Champaign County Forest Preserve District - 3,800 acres (15 km2)
  • Forest Preserve District of Cook County - 69,000 acres (280 km2)
  • DeKalb County Forest Preserve - 1,020 acres (4.1 km2)
  • Forest Preserve District of DuPage County - 24,000 acres (97 km2)
  • Forest Preserve District of Kane County - 17,135 acres (69.34 km2)
  • Forest Preserves of the Kankakee River Valley - 250 acres (1.0 km2)
  • Jo Daviess Conservation Foundation
  • Kendall County Forest Preserve District - 2,150 acres (8.7 km2)
  • Lake County Forest Preserve - 26,200 acres (106 km2)
  • Macon County Conservation District - 3,200 acres (13 km2)
  • McHenry County Conservation District - 20,000 acres (81 km2)
  • Putnam Country Conservation District - 950-acre (3.8 km2)
  • Rock Island Forest Preserve District - 1,900 acres (7.7 km2)
  • Vermilion County Conservation District - 6,000 acres (24 km2)
  • Forest Preserve District of Will County - 21,916 acres (88.69 km2)
  • Winnebago County Forest Preserve District - 9,000 acres (36 km2)

References

  1. ^ "State Parks & Outdoor Recreation". Illinois Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved 3 December 2018.
  2. ^ "Bohm Woods Nature Preserve". Illinois Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved 3 December 2018.
  3. ^ "Cape Bend State Fish and Wildlife Area". Illinois Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved 3 December 2018.
  4. ^ "Conserving the Land: The Rock River Country Archived 2005-04-19 at the Wayback Machine," Critical Trends Assessment Program, Rock River Country Project ("Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2005-04-19. Retrieved 2007-07-03.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)), Illinois Department of Natural Resources, 3 July 2007.
  5. ^ "Visit a State Historic Site". Illinois Historic Preservation Division. Retrieved 3 December 2018.

External links

This page was last edited on 21 February 2019, at 01:07
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