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Kankakee, Illinois

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Kankakee, Illinois
Theakake
Kankakee County Courthouse
Official logo of Kankakee, Illinois
Nickname: 
City of Restaurants
Location of Kankakee in Illinois
Location of Kankakee in Illinois
Coordinates: 41°7′12″N 87°51′40″W / 41.12000°N 87.86111°W / 41.12000; -87.86111
CountryUnited States
State Illinois
CountyKankakee
Established1853
Incorporated (city)1865
Government
 • TypeMayor-Council
 • MayorChris Curtis (R)
 • City Council14 aldermen
Area
 • Total15.62 sq mi (40.44 km2)
 • Land15.14 sq mi (39.20 km2)
 • Water0.48 sq mi (1.24 km2)
Elevation656 ft (200 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total24,052
 • Density1,588.95/sq mi (613.51/km2)
DemonymKankakeean
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP Code
60901
Area codes815, 779
FIPS code17-38934[2]
GNIS feature ID411300[2]
Websitewww.citykankakee-il.gov

Kankakee /ˌkæŋkəˈk/ is a city in and the county seat of Kankakee County, Illinois, United States.[3] As of 2020, the city's population was 24,052.[4] Kankakee is a principal city of the Kankakee-Bourbonnais-Bradley Metropolitan Statistical Area. It serves as an anchor city in the rural plains outside Chicago, similar to Aurora and Joliet.

History

The city's name is probably derived from a corrupted version of the Miami-Illinois word teeyaahkiki, meaning: "Open country/exposed land/land in open/land exposed to view",[5][6][7][8][9][10][11] in reference to the area's prior status as a marsh. Kankakee was founded in 1854.[12]

Geography

According to the 2010 census, Kankakee has a total area of 14.62 square miles (37.87 km2), of which 14.14 square miles (36.62 km2) (or 96.72%) is land and 0.48 square miles (1.24 km2) (or 3.28%) is water.[13]

The Kankakee River runs through Kankakee. It is approximately 133 miles long and serves as a major attraction and defining landmark of Kankakee. The river water is refined at the Kankakee water company, and electricity is generated at the Kankakee River Dam, providing vital resources to the community. Its winding path, including inlets and eddies create desirable fishing conditions for outdoorsmen and women.

Climate

Climate data for Kankakee, Illinois (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1887–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 66
(19)
74
(23)
85
(29)
91
(33)
99
(37)
103
(39)
103
(39)
107
(42)
99
(37)
90
(32)
79
(26)
71
(22)
107
(42)
Average high °F (°C) 32.5
(0.3)
36.8
(2.7)
48.6
(9.2)
61.2
(16.2)
72.5
(22.5)
81.9
(27.7)
84.8
(29.3)
83.2
(28.4)
77.9
(25.5)
65.1
(18.4)
49.9
(9.9)
37.8
(3.2)
61.0
(16.1)
Daily mean °F (°C) 24.4
(−4.2)
28.2
(−2.1)
39.0
(3.9)
50.3
(10.2)
61.8
(16.6)
71.5
(21.9)
74.8
(23.8)
73.1
(22.8)
66.5
(19.2)
54.1
(12.3)
41.0
(5.0)
30.0
(−1.1)
51.2
(10.7)
Average low °F (°C) 16.3
(−8.7)
19.7
(−6.8)
29.4
(−1.4)
39.4
(4.1)
51.0
(10.6)
61.0
(16.1)
64.8
(18.2)
63.0
(17.2)
55.1
(12.8)
43.1
(6.2)
32.1
(0.1)
22.1
(−5.5)
41.4
(5.2)
Record low °F (°C) −29
(−34)
−21
(−29)
−7
(−22)
8
(−13)
27
(−3)
38
(3)
46
(8)
39
(4)
30
(−1)
18
(−8)
1
(−17)
−26
(−32)
−29
(−34)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 2.37
(60)
1.94
(49)
2.49
(63)
3.87
(98)
5.15
(131)
5.21
(132)
4.65
(118)
3.85
(98)
3.56
(90)
3.40
(86)
2.82
(72)
2.35
(60)
41.66
(1,058)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 8.1
(21)
3.4
(8.6)
3.0
(7.6)
0.3
(0.76)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.6
(1.5)
5.3
(13)
20.7
(53)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 10.7 8.6 9.1 10.9 11.7 10.1 8.6 8.6 7.6 9.2 9.0 9.0 113.1
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 5.6 4.2 1.9 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.7 3.5 16.3
Source: NOAA[14][15]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18805,651
18909,02559.7%
190013,59550.6%
191013,9862.9%
192016,75319.8%
193020,62023.1%
194022,2417.9%
195025,85616.3%
196027,6667.0%
197027,575−0.3%
198029,6337.5%
199030,9444.4%
200027,491−11.2%
201027,5370.2%
202024,052−12.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[16]
2010[17] 2020[18]

2020 census

Kankakee city, Illinois - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010[17] Pop 2020[18] % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 10,432 8,096 37.88% 33.66%
Black or African American alone (NH) 11,128 9,233 40.41% 38.39%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 54 62 0.20% 0.26%
Asian alone (NH) 175 116 0.64% 0.48%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 3 3 0.01% 0.01%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 39 107 0.14% 0.44%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 599 916 2.18% 3.81%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 5,107 5,519 18.55% 22.95%
Total 27,537 24,052 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

2000 Census

As of the census[19] of 2000, there were 27,561 people, 10,020 households and 6,272 families residing within the city. The population density was 2,239.8 inhabitants per square mile (864.8/km2). There were 10,965 housing units at an average density of 893.4 per square mile (344.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 50.92% White, 41.07% African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 5.50% from other races, and 1.90% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.25% of the population.

There were 10,020 households, out of which 34.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.4% were married couples living together, 21.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.4% were non-families. 31.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60, and the average family size was 3.28.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 29.5% under the age of 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 28.7% from 25 to 44, 18.7% from 45 to 64, and 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,469, and the median income for a family was $36,428. Males had a median income of $30,894 versus $22,928 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,479. About 18.1% of families and 21.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.3% of those under age 18 and 11.7% of those age 65 or over.

Arts and culture

Library service is provided by the Kankakee Public Library.

Architecture

Parks and recreation

Kankakee Valley Park District

Kankakee Valley Park District has 37 parks, comprising a total of 600 acres (2.4 km2). Facilities include an indoor ice skating rink, a recreation center, dog park, campground and a 72 boat slip marina on the Kankakee River. Fishing is plentiful as the district has 13 riverfront parks as well as a 5-acre (2.0 ha) stocked quarry.

The city has two softball complexes that have both been inducted into the Softball Hall of Fame. They host annual state and international tournaments drawing nearly 50,000 spectators throughout the year. Some Kankakee youth baseball leagues have won state championships.[22]

Government

Civil War Memorial by the Courthouse
Civil War Memorial by the Courthouse

Kankakee is governed by the mayor council system. The city council consists of fourteen members who are elected from seven wards (two per ward). The mayor and city clerk are elected in a citywide vote.[citation needed]

Education

Higher education

Organized in 1966 by a group of citizens, Kankakee Community College was established to provide a post-secondary educational resource for the people of the Kankakee area.[23]

Primary and secondary education

Public schools are part of the Kankakee School District 111, which includes five elementary schools (Edison, Mark Twain, Lincoln Cultural Center Montessori, Steuben, and Taft), two middle schools (Kennedy and King), one junior high school (Kankakee Junior High), and one high school (Kankakee High), which from 1966 to 1983 was two separate high schools, Eastridge and Westview.[24]

There are three private high schools: Bishop McNamara Catholic School (Catholic), Grace Christian Academy (non-denominational),[25][26] and Kankakee Trinity Academy (inter-denominational).[27]

Infrastructure

Transportation

Aerial view of Kankakee. The confluence of Iroquois River and Kankakee River is visible on the left edge of the frame.
Aerial view of Kankakee. The confluence of Iroquois River and Kankakee River is visible on the left edge of the frame.

Airport

Kankakee is served by the Greater Kankakee Airport, a general aviation facility located in the southern portion of Kankakee.[28]

Railroads

Amtrak provides service to Kankakee from the Kankakee Amtrak Station.[29] Amtrak operates the City of New Orleans, the Illini, and the Saluki with each train running once daily in both directions.[30]

Highways

Interstate 57 runs east–west in the southern part of the city and turns north–south in the eastern part of Kankakee. United States Highways US 45 and US 52 run concurrently forming, along with Illinois Route IL 50, the major north–south thoroughfares through Kankakee. Illinois Route IL 17 is the major east–west road that bisects the city.

Public transportation

The River Valley Metro Mass Transit District (RVMMTD; River Valley Metro or METRO, for short) operates the region's transit bus system. Service runs seven days a week to locations in Kankakee as well as the nearby cities of Aroma Park, Bradley, Bourbonnais, and Manteno. All of the Kankakee routes are stationed out of the Chestnut & North Schuyler Transfer Station.[31] River Valley Metro operates 12 fixed-regular bus routes and 2 commuter routes. The Midway and University Park commuter routes were added January 5, 2014, and in August 2015 River Valley Metro added a second Midway route to its schedule. In January 2016, a second University Park route was added.

In popular culture

See also

References

  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 15, 2022.
  2. ^ a b c "Kankakee". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ "Kankakee city, Illinois". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 13, 2022.
  5. ^ McCafferty, Michael (April 29, 2018). Native American Place Names of Indiana. University of Illinois Press. ISBN 9780252032684. Retrieved April 29, 2018 – via Google Books.
  6. ^ McCafferty, Michael (April 29, 2018). Native American Place Names of Indiana. University of Illinois Press. ISBN 9780252032684. Retrieved April 29, 2018 – via Google Books.
  7. ^ Werich, Jacob Lorenzo (April 29, 2018). "Pioneer Hunters of the Kankakee". Chronicle Printing Company. Retrieved April 29, 2018 – via Google Books.
  8. ^ Bradford, William John Alden (April 29, 2018). Notes on the Northwest: Or, Valley of the Upper Mississippi. Wiley and Putnam. ISBN 9780608438849. Retrieved April 29, 2018 – via Google Books.
  9. ^ Johnson, Vic. 1994. "L'Riviere Theakiki--'The Fabulous River of 2,000 Bends'", The Daily Journal (July 31, 1994), p. 24.
  10. ^ Temple, Wayne C. 1958. Indian Villages of the Illinois Country Archived July 4, 2015, at the Wayback Machine. Illinois State Museum Scientific Papers, vol. 2, Part 2, p. 145, fn 104
  11. ^ Historical Encyclopedia of Illinois and History of Kankakee County , Volume 2, Issue 1, edited by Newton Bateman, Paul Selby ; edited by William F. Kenaga, George R. Letourneau, p. 623.
  12. ^ "Mound Grove Cemetery". graveyards.com. Archived from the original on April 29, 2018. Retrieved April 29, 2018.
  13. ^ "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 27, 2015.
  14. ^ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved July 13, 2021.
  15. ^ "Station: Kankakee Metro Wastewater, IL". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991-2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved July 13, 2021.
  16. ^ "Decennial Census of Population and Housing by Decades". US Census Bureau.
  17. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Kankakee city, Illinois". United States Census Bureau.
  18. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Kankakee city, Illinois". United States Census Bureau.
  19. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  20. ^ "The B. Harley Bradley House". www.kankakeewright.org. Archived from the original on January 15, 2012. Retrieved April 29, 2018.
  21. ^ Heinz, Thomas A.; Wright, Frank Lloyd (April 29, 2018). Frank Lloyd Wright Field Guide: Includes All United States and International Sites. Northwestern University Press. ISBN 9780810122444. Retrieved April 29, 2018 – via Google Books.
  22. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Archived from the original on February 4, 2012. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  23. ^ "Geographic Names Information System". United States Geological Survey. Archived from the original on July 14, 2012. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  24. ^ "Kankakee School District Schools". Kankakee School District 111. Archived from the original on June 10, 2012. Retrieved June 8, 2012.
  25. ^ "Kankakee: Name change introduces Grace Christian Academy".
  26. ^ "Grace Baptist Academy". gracecrusaders.org. Grace Baptist Academy. Archived from the original on March 9, 2012. Retrieved June 8, 2012.
  27. ^ "Our Purpose". Kankakee Trinity Academy. Archived from the original on May 16, 2012. Retrieved June 8, 2012.
  28. ^ "Kankakee Valley Airport Authority". Kankakee Valley Airport Authority. Archived from the original on August 16, 2012. Retrieved June 8, 2012.
  29. ^ "Kankakee, IL (KKI)". Amtrak. Archived from the original on August 25, 2012. Retrieved June 8, 2012.
  30. ^ "City of New Orleans, Illini and Saluki" (PDF). Amtrak. May 7, 2012. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 11, 2012. Retrieved June 8, 2012.
  31. ^ "Transfer Stations". River Valley Metro. Archived from the original on October 6, 2011. Retrieved June 8, 2012.
  32. ^ "Too many bullet holes in Accountant". October 14, 2016. Retrieved December 2, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  33. ^ "Kirkbride Buildings Forum • View topic – Movies Filmed at Kankakee". Kirkbridebuildings.com. April 28, 2008. Archived from the original on September 28, 2011. Retrieved October 17, 2011.
  34. ^ Sheet Music Art Of Irving Berlin / Thomas Inglis. – Atglen, PA : Schiffer Pub., c2003 (p. 21 & 23)
  35. ^ Christopher, James (July 5, 2005). "Illinois – Sufjan Stevens". AllMusic. Archived from the original on September 8, 2011. Retrieved October 17, 2011.
  36. ^ "Song Search for "city of new orleans"". AllMusic. Archived from the original on October 23, 2017. Retrieved April 29, 2018.
  37. ^ Philip Furia, Michael L. Lasser (May 12, 2006). America's songs. p. 160. ISBN 978-0-415-97246-8.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  38. ^ "King Von – Took Her to the O Lyrics - Genius". Genius.
  39. ^ "554: Not It!". thisamericanlife.org. April 10, 2015. Archived from the original on April 8, 2015.
  40. ^ "David Letterman thanks Kankakee for gazebo-turned-rocking chair". Chicago Sun-Times. March 27, 2015. Retrieved October 15, 2022.

External links

This page was last edited on 2 December 2022, at 18:47
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