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1980 United States presidential election in Illinois

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1980 United States presidential election in Illinois

← 1976 November 4, 1980 1984 →
Turnout76.24%
 
Official Portrait of President Reagan 1981-cropped.jpg
Carter cropped.jpg
JohnAnderson.png
Nominee Ronald Reagan Jimmy Carter John B. Anderson
Party Republican Democratic Independent
Home state California Georgia Illinois
Running mate George H. W. Bush Walter Mondale Patrick Lucey
Electoral vote 26 0 0
Popular vote 2,358,049 1,981,413 346,754
Percentage 49.7% 41.7% 7.3%

Illinois Presidential Election Results 1980.svg
County Results

President before election

Jimmy Carter
Democratic

Elected President

Ronald Reagan
Republican

The 1980 United States presidential election in Illinois took place on November 4, 1980. All 50 states and The District of Columbia, were part of the 1980 United States presidential election. State voters chose 26 electors to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.

Election information

The primaries and general elections coincided with those for other federal offices (Senate and House), as well as those for state offices.[1][2]

Background

Illinois had voted Republican in the previous three presidential elections.

Turnout

Turnout in the primary elections was 40.41%, with a total of 2,331,148 ballots cast.[1][3] The primaries saw a cumulative increase in turnout over the previous 1976 primaries.[4]

Turnout during the general election was 76.24%, with 4,749,721 ballots cast.[2][3]

Primaries

State-run primaries were held for the Democratic and Republican parties on March 18.[1]

The Illinois primaries were viewed as significant in 1980, being viewed as the first large contest in a northern industrial state.[4]

Democratic

1980 Illinois Democratic presidential primary

← 1976 March 18, 1980 (1980-03-18) 1984 →

179 Democratic National Convention delegates
 
JimmyCarterPortrait2 (1).jpg
Ted Kennedy, 1967 (cropped).jpg
Candidate Jimmy Carter Ted Kennedy
Home state Georgia Massachusetts
Delegate count 165 14
Popular vote 780,787 359,875
Percentage 65.01% 29.96%

The 1980 Illinois Democratic presidential primary was held on March 18, 1980 in the U.S. state of Illinois as one of the Democratic Party's statewide nomination contests ahead of the 1980 presidential election.

The popular vote was a "beauty contest". Delegates were instead selected by direct-vote in each congressional districts on delegate candidates, who had either pledged to support a candidate or been uncommitted.[1][4] 138 delegates pledged Jimmy Carter won, while only 14 delegates pledged to Kennedy won.[1][4] Additionally, 13 uncommitted delegates won.[1] At the state convention in April, Carter was awarded an additional 25 delegates out of the 28 delegates selected at the convention.[4]

1980 Democratic presidential primary[1][4]
Candidate Votes % Delegates
Jimmy Carter 780,787 65.01 165
Edward M. Kennedy 359,875 29.96 14
Edmund G. Brown Jr. 39,168 3.26 0
Lyndon H. LaRouche, Jr. 19,192 1.60 0
John B. Anderson (write-in) 1,643 0.14 0
Other write-ins 402 0.03 0
Uncommitted N/A N/A 16
Totals 1,201,067 100 179

Republican

1980 Illinois Republican presidential primary

← 1976 March 18, 1980 (1980-03-18) 1984 →
 
Ronald Reagan with cowboy hat 12-0071M edit (1).jpg
John Bayard Anderson (1).jpg
George H. W. Bush official CIA portrait (1).jpg
Candidate Ronald Reagan John B. Anderson George H. W. Bush
Home state California Illinois Texas
Delegate count 52 39 12
Popular vote 547,355 415,193 124,057
Percentage 48.44% 36.74% 10.98%

 
Philip M. Crane 94th Congress 1975 (1).jpg
Candidate Phil Crane
Home state Illinois
Delegate count 3
Popular vote 24,865
Percentage 2.20%

The 1980 Illinois Republican presidential primary was held on March 18, 1980 in the U.S. state of Illinois as one of the Republican Party's statewide nomination contests ahead of the 1980 presidential election.

The primary was a so-called "blind primary" or "loophole primary". Under this format, delegates were not selected based upon the preference vote for president, but rather directly voted upon by voters in each congressional district.[4] Additionally, the presidential preferences of each delegate candidate was not listed on the ballot.[4]

This primary saw a larger-than-usual turnout for an Illinois Republican primary, with more than a 400,000 vote increase over the 1976 Republican primary.[4] This was attributed to both the appeal of Anderson and Reagan to independents as well crossover voting by Democrats who opted against voting in the Democratic primary due to it lacking a close race.[4]

In both the state's popular vote and delegate count, Ronald Reagan placed first, respectively followed by John B. Anderson, George Bush, and Phil Crane.[1][4]

Three of the candidates had Illinois connections. Ronald Reagan was born in the state, while John B. Anderson and Phil Crane were both incumbent congressmen from the state.[1] While John B. Anderson failed to win his home state, he performed strongly in certain areas of the state, particularly in the suburbs of Chicago.[4] Phil Crane's securing of three delegates came despite him having already dropped-out of the race before the Illinois primary.[4]

1980 Republican presidential primary[1][4]
Candidate Votes % Delegates
Ronald Reagan 547,355 48.44 40
John B. Anderson 415,193 36.74 34
George Bush 124,057 10.98 10
Philip M. Crane withdrew 24,865 2.20 3
Howard H. Baker Jr. withdrew 7,051 0.62 0
John B. Connally withdrew 4,548 0.40 0
V. A. Kelley 3,757 0.33 0
Robert Dole withdrew 1,843 0.16 0
Gerald Ford (write-in) 1,106 0.10 0
Other write-ins 306 0.03 0
Totals 1,130,081 100 87

General election

The state had voted Republican in the previous three Presidential elections, and early analysis suggested Reagan as a good candidate against Carter in Dixie Southern Illinois.[5] Nonetheless, at the beginning of the campaign trail an opinion poll suggested Reagan would lose to Carter by 26%,[6] but the Republican campaign knew carrying a state which Gerald Ford had won four years ago to be essential and the state was heavily targeted by GOP campaigners.[7] By mid-September, polls were showing the "Land of Lincoln" as very close, and Carter was hit by political conflicts in Chicago between mayor Jane F. Byrne and State Senator Richard Daley.[8]

Carter strategists did target the state in September and hoped that prospective Republican nominee John Anderson – who had run against Reagan in the GOP presidential primaries before launching his own independent presidential campaign – would take enough votes from Reagan to give Carter the state with a smaller proportion of the votes than he won in 1976.[9]

Polls in mid-October[10] suggested Illinois was "too close to call", and as election day neared, opinions fluctuated especially in the critical southern part of the state.[11]

Ultimately Illinois – the state where Republican candidate, former California Governor Ronald Reagan was born and raised – was won by him with a 7.93% margin of victory over Democratic candidate, President Jimmy Carter.[12] Reagan won all but three counties, but Carter's 268 thousand-vote margin in massively populated Cook County meant Illinois voted three percentage points more Democratic than the nation at-large. Despite being the home state of Congressman John B. Anderson, he only won 7.30% of the popular vote, 346,754 votes, and failed to carry any counties.

This election is the most recent in which Rock Island County voted for a Republican presidential candidate.[13]

Results

Presidential Candidate Running Mate Party Electoral Vote (EV) Popular Vote (PV)[2]
Ronald Reagan George H. W. Bush Republican 26 2,358,049 49.65%
Jimmy Carter Walter Mondale Democratic 0 1,981,413 41.72%
John B. Anderson Patrick Lucey Independent 0 346,754 7.30%
Edward E. Clark David Koch Libertarian 0 38,939 0.82%
Barry Commoner LaDonna Harris Citizens 0 10,692 0.23%
Gus Hall Angela Davis Communist 0 9,711 0.20%
Deirdre Griswold Larry Holmes Workers World 0 2,257 0.05%
Clifton DeBerry Matilde Zimmermann Socialist Workers 0 1,302 0.03%
Write-ins 0 604 0.01%

Results by county

County Ronald Wilson Reagan[14]
Republican
James Earl Carter[14]
Democratic
John Bayard Anderson[15]
Independent
Edward E. Clark[15]
Libertarian
Various candidates
Other parties
Margin Total votes cast
# % # % # % # % # % # %
Adams 19,842 62.17% 10,606 33.23% 1,202 3.77% 206 0.65% 61 0.19% 9,236 28.94% 31,917
Alexander 2,650 46.67% 2,925 51.51% 74 1.30% 17 0.30% 12 0.21% -275 -4.84% 5,678
Bond 4,398 58.39% 2,834 37.63% 244 3.24% 40 0.53% 16 0.21% 1,564 20.76% 7,532
Boone 6,697 57.66% 3,175 27.34% 1,578 13.59% 145 1.25% 19 0.16% 3,522 30.33% 11,614
Brown 1,660 61.66% 950 35.29% 59 2.19% 19 0.71% 4 0.15% 710 26.37% 2,692
Bureau 11,484 61.79% 5,753 30.95% 1,093 5.88% 222 1.19% 35 0.19% 5,731 30.83% 18,587
Calhoun 1,591 54.96% 1,208 41.73% 76 2.63% 10 0.35% 10 0.35% 383 13.23% 2,895
Carroll 5,084 63.37% 2,154 26.85% 705 8.79% 61 0.76% 19 0.24% 2,930 36.52% 8,023
Cass 3,965 58.57% 2,543 37.56% 199 2.94% 55 0.81% 8 0.12% 1,422 21.00% 6,770
Champaign 33,329 50.99% 21,017 32.16% 9,972 15.26% 590 0.90% 452 0.69% 12,312 18.84% 65,360
Christian 8,770 54.69% 6,625 41.31% 499 3.11% 117 0.73% 25 0.16% 2,145 13.38% 16,036
Clark 5,476 63.19% 2,855 32.94% 243 2.80% 81 0.93% 11 0.13% 2,621 30.24% 8,666
Clay 4,447 61.20% 2,587 35.60% 187 2.57% 35 0.48% 10 0.14% 1,860 25.60% 7,266
Clinton 8,500 62.53% 4,470 32.88% 528 3.88% 71 0.52% 24 0.18% 4,030 29.65% 13,593
Coles 11,994 58.02% 6,743 32.62% 1,726 8.35% 142 0.69% 66 0.32% 5,251 25.40% 20,671
Cook 856,574 39.60% 1,124,584 51.99% 149,712 6.92% 15,354 0.71% 16,873 0.78% -268,010 -12.39% 2,163,097
Crawford 5,894 60.70% 3,372 34.73% 341 3.51% 96 0.99% 7 0.07% 2,522 25.97% 9,710
Cumberland 3,159 59.73% 1,892 35.77% 190 3.59% 43 0.81% 5 0.09% 1,267 23.96% 5,289
DeKalb 16,370 53.91% 8,913 29.35% 4,526 14.91% 357 1.18% 199 0.66% 7,457 24.56% 30,365
DeWitt 4,648 63.29% 2,262 30.80% 368 5.01% 58 0.79% 8 0.11% 2,386 32.49% 7,344
Douglas 5,330 64.26% 2,564 30.91% 344 4.15% 44 0.53% 12 0.14% 2,766 33.35% 8,294
DuPage 182,308 64.02% 68,991 24.23% 29,810 10.47% 2,977 1.05% 663 0.23% 113,317 39.80% 284,749
Edgar 6,639 63.14% 3,394 32.28% 400 3.80% 68 0.65% 14 0.13% 3,245 30.86% 10,515
Edwards 2,556 68.14% 1,041 27.75% 118 3.15% 34 0.91% 2 0.05% 1,515 40.39% 3,751
Effingham 9,104 65.93% 4,229 30.63% 393 2.85% 62 0.45% 20 0.14% 4,875 35.31% 13,808
Fayette 6,523 62.67% 3,614 34.72% 229 2.20% 38 0.37% 4 0.04% 2,909 27.95% 10,408
Ford 5,024 69.64% 1,803 24.99% 328 4.55% 50 0.69% 9 0.12% 3,221 44.65% 7,214
Franklin 9,731 49.01% 9,425 47.47% 558 2.81% 104 0.52% 38 0.19% 306 1.54% 19,856
Fulton 10,316 54.42% 7,481 39.46% 838 4.42% 294 1.55% 28 0.15% 2,835 14.95% 18,957
Gallatin 1,700 49.05% 1,678 48.41% 78 2.25% 5 0.14% 5 0.14% 22 0.63% 3,466
Greene 4,224 59.33% 2,607 36.62% 220 3.09% 58 0.81% 11 0.15% 1,617 22.71% 7,120
Grundy 8,397 63.59% 3,970 30.07% 701 5.31% 110 0.83% 26 0.20% 4,427 33.53% 13,204
Hamilton 3,254 59.64% 1,990 36.47% 171 3.13% 38 0.70% 3 0.05% 1,264 23.17% 5,456
Hancock 6,597 62.32% 3,522 33.27% 383 3.62% 68 0.64% 15 0.14% 3,075 29.05% 10,585
Hardin 1,721 55.27% 1,314 42.20% 56 1.80% 13 0.42% 10 0.32% 407 13.07% 3,114
Henderson 2,443 57.54% 1,609 37.89% 143 3.37% 43 1.01% 8 0.19% 834 19.64% 4,246
Henry 14,506 59.93% 7,977 32.95% 1,440 5.95% 226 0.93% 57 0.24% 6,529 26.97% 24,206
Iroquois 11,247 73.38% 3,362 21.94% 592 3.86% 101 0.66% 25 0.16% 7,885 51.45% 15,327
Jackson 10,505 44.08% 10,291 43.19% 2,526 10.60% 192 0.81% 315 1.32% 214 0.90% 23,829
Jasper 3,548 63.22% 1,846 32.89% 157 2.80% 51 0.91% 10 0.18% 1,702 30.33% 5,612
Jefferson 8,972 54.91% 6,761 41.38% 506 3.10% 77 0.47% 24 0.15% 2,211 13.53% 16,340
Jersey 5,266 58.61% 3,324 36.99% 314 3.49% 59 0.66% 22 0.24% 1,942 21.61% 8,985
Jo Daviess 5,186 57.81% 2,678 29.85% 983 10.96% 92 1.03% 32 0.36% 2,508 27.96% 8,971
Johnson 3,201 65.49% 1,586 32.45% 84 1.72% 15 0.31% 2 0.04% 1,615 33.04% 4,888
Kane 64,106 61.77% 29,015 27.96% 9,179 8.84% 1,191 1.15% 293 0.28% 35,091 33.81% 103,784
Kankakee 23,810 58.25% 14,626 35.78% 1,802 4.41% 280 0.69% 355 0.87% 9,184 22.47% 40,873
Kendall 10,028 69.99% 3,143 21.94% 979 6.83% 146 1.02% 31 0.22% 6,885 48.06% 14,327
Knox 14,907 56.90% 8,749 33.40% 2,069 7.90% 382 1.46% 91 0.35% 6,158 23.51% 26,198
Lake 96,350 58.45% 48,287 29.29% 17,726 10.75% 1,905 1.16% 585 0.35% 48,063 29.16% 164,853
LaSalle 27,323 57.12% 16,818 35.16% 3,041 6.36% 518 1.08% 135 0.28% 10,505 21.96% 47,835
Lawrence 4,453 56.68% 3,030 38.57% 293 3.73% 70 0.89% 10 0.13% 1,423 18.11% 7,856
Lee 11,373 73.67% 3,170 20.53% 781 5.06% 97 0.63% 17 0.11% 8,203 53.14% 15,438
Livingston 11,544 68.62% 4,111 24.44% 980 5.83% 158 0.94% 30 0.18% 7,433 44.18% 16,823
Logan 9,681 67.39% 3,916 27.26% 650 4.52% 106 0.74% 13 0.09% 5,765 40.13% 14,366
Macon 28,298 52.45% 22,325 41.38% 2,804 5.20% 392 0.73% 137 0.25% 5,973 11.07% 53,956
Macoupin 12,131 54.27% 9,116 40.78% 901 4.03% 155 0.69% 51 0.23% 3,015 13.49% 22,354
Madison 51,160 51.10% 43,860 43.81% 4,206 4.20% 617 0.62% 281 0.28% 7,300 7.29% 100,124
Marion 10,969 58.73% 6,990 37.42% 567 3.04% 90 0.48% 62 0.33% 3,979 21.30% 18,678
Marshall 4,349 64.80% 1,903 28.36% 336 5.01% 115 1.71% 8 0.12% 2,446 36.45% 6,711
Mason 4,644 60.37% 2,680 34.84% 267 3.47% 95 1.23% 7 0.09% 1,964 25.53% 7,693
Massac 4,284 58.91% 2,821 38.79% 124 1.71% 29 0.40% 14 0.19% 1,463 20.12% 7,272
McDonough 8,995 61.66% 4,093 28.06% 1,230 8.43% 155 1.06% 116 0.80% 4,902 33.60% 14,589
McHenry 40,045 64.95% 14,540 23.58% 5,871 9.52% 884 1.43% 315 0.51% 25,505 41.37% 61,655
McLean 30,096 61.13% 13,587 27.60% 4,961 10.08% 443 0.90% 145 0.29% 16,509 33.53% 49,232
Menard 3,622 65.45% 1,589 28.71% 274 4.95% 38 0.69% 11 0.20% 2,033 36.74% 5,534
Mercer 5,144 56.18% 3,361 36.71% 540 5.90% 100 1.09% 11 0.12% 1,783 19.47% 9,156
Monroe 6,315 63.63% 3,121 31.45% 405 4.08% 55 0.55% 28 0.28% 3,194 32.18% 9,924
Montgomery 8,947 58.04% 5,721 37.11% 611 3.96% 102 0.66% 34 0.22% 3,226 20.93% 15,415
Morgan 10,406 61.22% 5,483 32.26% 900 5.30% 159 0.94% 49 0.29% 4,923 28.96% 16,997
Moultrie 3,495 56.73% 2,332 37.85% 280 4.54% 45 0.73% 9 0.15% 1,163 18.88% 6,161
Ogle 12,533 66.41% 4,067 21.55% 2,042 10.82% 180 0.95% 49 0.26% 8,466 44.86% 18,871
Peoria 47,815 57.26% 28,276 33.86% 6,169 7.39% 1,065 1.28% 185 0.22% 19,539 23.40% 83,510
Perry 5,888 55.49% 4,337 40.88% 319 3.01% 55 0.52% 11 0.10% 1,551 14.62% 10,610
Piatt 4,867 62.25% 2,421 30.97% 447 5.72% 64 0.82% 19 0.24% 2,446 31.29% 7,818
Pike 5,301 56.63% 3,695 39.47% 303 3.24% 53 0.57% 9 0.10% 1,606 17.16% 9,361
Pope 1,501 61.14% 880 35.85% 58 2.36% 10 0.41% 6 0.24% 621 25.30% 2,455
Pulaski 2,083 50.82% 1,955 47.69% 49 1.20% 9 0.22% 3 0.07% 128 3.12% 4,099
Putnam 1,959 57.38% 1,158 33.92% 235 6.88% 51 1.49% 11 0.32% 801 23.46% 3,414
Randolph 8,810 56.86% 6,052 39.06% 514 3.32% 89 0.57% 29 0.19% 2,758 17.80% 15,494
Richland 5,241 64.50% 2,463 30.31% 358 4.41% 57 0.70% 7 0.09% 2,778 34.19% 8,126
Rock Island 34,788 48.47% 30,045 41.86% 5,818 8.11% 618 0.86% 506 0.70% 4,743 6.61% 71,775
Saline 7,157 53.95% 5,683 42.84% 321 2.42% 59 0.44% 45 0.34% 1,474 11.11% 13,265
Sangamon 49,372 57.95% 29,354 34.45% 5,439 6.38% 592 0.69% 443 0.52% 20,018 23.50% 85,200
Schuyler 2,799 62.76% 1,445 32.40% 155 3.48% 57 1.28% 4 0.09% 1,354 30.36% 4,460
Scott 1,990 65.42% 941 30.93% 80 2.63% 24 0.79% 7 0.23% 1,049 34.48% 3,042
Shelby 6,441 59.12% 3,988 36.61% 381 3.50% 74 0.68% 10 0.09% 2,453 22.52% 10,894
St. Clair 46,063 45.76% 50,046 49.71% 3,879 3.85% 447 0.44% 238 0.24% -3,983 -3.96% 100,673
Stark 2,358 69.76% 806 23.85% 147 4.35% 64 1.89% 5 0.15% 1,552 45.92% 3,380
Stephenson 10,779 52.87% 6,195 30.39% 3,145 15.43% 234 1.15% 35 0.17% 4,584 22.48% 20,388
Tazewell 35,481 62.84% 16,924 29.97% 3,206 5.68% 789 1.40% 62 0.11% 18,557 32.87% 56,462
Union 4,289 50.81% 3,781 44.79% 291 3.45% 53 0.63% 27 0.32% 508 6.02% 8,441
Vermilion 22,579 57.07% 14,498 36.64% 2,110 5.33% 303 0.77% 77 0.19% 8,081 20.42% 39,567
Wabash 3,571 61.18% 1,975 33.84% 230 3.94% 51 0.87% 10 0.17% 1,596 27.34% 5,837
Warren 5,667 62.47% 2,756 30.38% 489 5.39% 93 1.03% 66 0.73% 2,911 32.09% 9,071
Washington 5,354 68.98% 2,158 27.80% 205 2.64% 29 0.37% 16 0.21% 3,196 41.17% 7,762
Wayne 6,013 62.92% 3,258 34.09% 222 2.32% 53 0.55% 11 0.12% 2,755 28.83% 9,557
White 5,279 58.19% 3,463 38.17% 274 3.02% 41 0.45% 15 0.17% 1,816 20.02% 9,072
Whiteside 17,389 66.72% 7,191 27.59% 1,242 4.77% 202 0.78% 40 0.15% 10,198 39.13% 26,064
Will 69,310 57.44% 41,975 34.79% 7,855 6.51% 1,240 1.03% 278 0.23% 27,335 22.65% 120,658
Williamson 14,451 55.10% 10,779 41.10% 793 3.02% 138 0.53% 67 0.26% 3,672 14.00% 26,228
Winnebago 48,825 46.46% 32,384 30.82% 22,596 21.50% 1,089 1.04% 195 0.19% 16,441 15.64% 105,089
Woodford 10,791 70.68% 3,552 23.26% 711 4.66% 191 1.25% 23 0.15% 7,239 47.41% 15,268
Totals 2,358,049 49.65% 1,981,413 41.72% 346,754 7.30% 38,939 0.82% 24,566 0.52% 376,636 7.93% 4,749,721

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "OFFICIAL VOTE Cast at the GENERAL PRIMARY ELECTION MARCH 18, 1980" (PDF). www.elections.il.gov. Illinois State Board of Elections. Retrieved 24 June 2020.
  2. ^ a b c "OFFICIAL VOTE Cast at the GENERAL ELECTION NOVEMBER 4, 1980" (PDF). www.elections.il.gov. Illinois State Board of Elections. Retrieved 24 June 2020.
  3. ^ a b [
    https://www.elections.il.gov/DocDisplay.aspx?doc=Downloads/ElectionOperations/VoteTotals/Archived/1986/1986%20GE.PDF "OFFICIAL VOTE Cast at the GENERAL ELECTION NOVEMBER 4, 1986"] Check |url= value (help) (PDF). www.elections.il.gov. Illinois State Board of Elections. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Everson, David H.; Parker, Joan A. (August 1980). "Illinois' 1980 presidential primary: an assessment". Illinois Issues. Retrieved 24 June 2020.
  5. ^ Cattani, Richard J.; 'Is defeat probable for GOP if Reagan wins nomination?'; The Christian Science Monitor; March 5, 1980
  6. ^ Shirley, Craig; Rendezvous with Destiny: Ronald Reagan and the Campaign That Changed America, pp. 100, 207 ISBN 1935191934
  7. ^ Sperling, Godfrey jr; 'How Reagan plans to beat Carter in November; "Northeast strategy" targets Ohio, Illinois, Michigan, banks on big "blue collar" vote'; Christian Science Monitor; July 16, 1980
  8. ^ Smith, Hedrick; 'Reagan Given an Edge in "Big 9" Battleground States: Vital, Once Again The Anderson Factor'; The New York Times, September 14, 1980, p. 32
  9. ^ Smith, Hedrick; 'Carter Hopes for Victory in Illinois As Anderson Draws G.O.P. Voters: Inroads by Anderson Carter Strategists Hope for Victory in Illinois as Anderson Draws Votes From Reagan President's Headaches in State'; The New York Times; September 21, 1980, p. 1
  10. ^ Smith, Hedrick; 'Poll Finds Illinois Too Close to Call; Both Camps Note Gains by Carter'; The New York Times, October 14, 1980, p. A1
  11. ^ Healy, Robert L. 'Ohio, Mich, and Illinois may decide the election'; The Boston Globe, November 1, 1980, p. 1
  12. ^ "1980 Presidential General Election Results – Illinois". Dave Leip's U.S. Election Atlas. Retrieved May 17, 2015.
  13. ^ Sullivan, Robert David; 'How the Red and Blue Map Evolved Over the Past Century'; America Magazine in The National Catholic Review; June 29, 2016
  14. ^ a b Géoelections; 1980 Presidential Election Popular Vote (.xlsx file for €15)
  15. ^ a b Géoelections; Popular Vote for John B. Anderson (.xlsx file for €15)
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