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Edwardsville, Illinois

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Edwardsville, Illinois
Downtown Edwardsville with the Madison County Administration Building in the background
Downtown Edwardsville with the Madison County Administration Building in the background
Location of Edwardsville in Madison County, Illinois.
Location of Edwardsville in Madison County, Illinois.
Coordinates: 38°48′14″N 89°57′30″W / 38.80389°N 89.95833°W / 38.80389; -89.95833
Country United States
State Illinois
CountyMadison
Area
 • Total20.50 sq mi (53.10 km2)
 • Land19.89 sq mi (51.53 km2)
 • Water0.61 sq mi (1.58 km2)
Elevation564 ft (172 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total26,808
 • Density1,347.54/sq mi (520.28/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP Codes
62025, 62026
Area code618
FIPS code17-22697
GNIS feature ID2394626[2]
Websitecityofedwardsville.com

Edwardsville is a city located in, and is the county seat of, Madison County, Illinois, United States.[3] As of the 2020 census, the population was 26,808. The city was named in honor of Ninian Edwards, then Governor of the Illinois Territory. Edwardsville is a part of Southern Illinois and the Metro East region within Greater St. Louis, located 18 miles (29 km) northeast of downtown St. Louis.

Southern Illinois University Edwardsville, the Edwardsville Arts Center, the Edwardsville Journal, the Madison County Record, and the Edwardsville Intelligencer are based here. Edwardsville High School and Metro-East Lutheran High School serve students in the area. Edwardsville also serves as the headquarters for Prairie Farms Dairy, one of the largest dairy cooperatives in the United States and ranked in the top 10 of the largest privately-held companies in the St. Louis region. The city is part of the Edwardsville School District, which also includes the villages of Glen Carbon, Hamel and Moro, as well as the township areas around them.

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History

View of Edwardsville, 1938

Edwardsville was incorporated in 1818. The first European-American settler was Thomas Kirkpatrick, who came in 1805, laid out a community, and served as the Justice of the Peace. He named the community after his friend Ninian Edwards,[4] then territorial governor of Illinois. (Illinois did not become a state until 1818.) The Edwards Trace, a key trail in the settlement of Central Illinois, used Edwardsville as a northward launching point.[5]

In 1868 The Bank of Edwardsville was founded. It was purchased by Champaign, Illinois-based Busey Bank in 2019.

In 1890, St. Louis industrialist N.O. Nelson chose a tract of land just south of Edwardsville to build plumbing factories. He also built a model workers' cooperative village called Leclaire. He offered workers fair wages with reasonable working hours and a share of the profits. He named the village in honor of the French economist Edme-Jean Leclaire. The village also provided educational and recreational opportunities and made it financially possible for anyone to own a home. Unlike company towns such as Pullman near Chicago, the welfare and quality of life for the workers and their families was a major concern.[6]

In 1934, the Village of Leclaire was incorporated into the City of Edwardsville. The area has a lake and park, baseball field, and the Edwardsville Children's Museum in the former Rudolph D. Specht memorial schoolhouse. Several Nelson factory buildings were renovated and adapted for use as the historic N. O. Nelson Campus of Lewis and Clark Community College. The recognized Historic District has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Each year on the third Sunday in October, the Friends of Leclaire host the annual Leclaire Parkfest with food, live heritage music, historic displays & tours, artisans, children's activities, a book sale, and more.

In 1983, Edwardsville's historic Saint Louis Street was also listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Dating back to 1809, this Historic District has a mile-long visual landscape. More than 50 historic homes date from the middle 19th century to early 20th century. The protection and preservation of Saint Louis Street is overseen by the Historic Saint Louis Street Association.

Five Illinois governors came from Edwardsville: namesake Ninian Edwards, who became a territorial governor in 1809 and later served as governor from 1826 to 1830; Edward Coles, elected in 1822 and a strong opponent of slavery; John Reynolds, governor from 1830 to 1834; Thomas Ford, governor from 1842 to 1846; and Charles Deneen, governor from 1909 to 1913.[7]

Former president Abraham Lincoln was in Edwardsville twice, as an attorney in the 1814 courthouse and a speaker outside the 1857 courthouse on Sept. 11, 1858. The present county courthouse, a square, four-story neoclassical structure of white marble that rises to six stories at the back section, was constructed from 1913 to 1915.

A 2010 issue of Family Circle magazine named Edwardsville third of their "Top 10 Best Towns for Families".[8]

Edwardsville was heavily affected by the tornado outbreak of December 10–11, 2021. An Amazon warehouse collapsed after being hit by an EF3 tornado and six workers were killed and many others injured.[9]

Geography and climate

Edwardsville, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
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O
N
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36
19
 
 
2.3
 
 
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2.7
 
 
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3.8
 
 
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2.9
 
 
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Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[10]
Metric conversion
J
F
M
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O
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51
 
 
2
−7
 
 
58
 
 
6
−4
 
 
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7
 
 
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24
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20
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95
 
 
12
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5
−4
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm

According to the 2010 census, Edwardsville has an area of 20.165 square miles (52.23 km2), of which 19.56 square miles (50.66 km2) (or 97%) is land and 0.605 square miles (1.57 km2) (or 3%) is water.[11]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Edwardsville have ranged from a low of 19 °F (−7 °C) in January to a high of 90 °F (32 °C) in July, although a record low of −27 °F (−33 °C) was recorded in January 1977 and a record high of 114 °F (46 °C) was recorded in July 2012. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.99 inches (51 mm) in January to 4.24 inches (108 mm) in May.[10] Climate Zone 4A per the International Energy Conservation Code.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
1850677
18702,193
18802,88731.6%
18903,56123.3%
19004,15716.7%
19105,01420.6%
19205,3366.4%
19306,23516.8%
19408,00828.4%
19508,7769.6%
19609,99613.9%
197011,07010.7%
198012,48012.7%
199014,57916.8%
200021,49147.4%
201024,29313.0%
202026,80810.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]

As of the census[13] of 2020, 26,808 people, 8,814 households, and 5,291 families resided in the city. The population density was 1,549.2 inhabitants per square mile (598.1/km2). There were 8,331 housing units at an average density of 600.6 per square mile (231.9/km2). The city's racial makeup was 87.70% White, 8.66% African American, 1.69% Asian, 0.28% Native American, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.29% from other races, and 1.35% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.00% of the population.

There were 10,000 households, out of which 32.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.4% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.8% were non-families. 25.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44, and the average family size was 2.99.

The population was spread out, with 22.6% under the age of 18, 16.0% from 18 to 24, 29.4% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 11.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.3 males.

The city's median household income was $50,921, and the median family income was $65,555. Males had a median income of $47,045 versus $29,280 for females. The city's per capita income was $26,510. About 5.0% of families and 8.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.3% of those under age 18 and 6.0% of those age 65 or over.

Parks and recreation

  • MCT Trails: Madison County Transit has developed more than 125 miles (201 km) of scenic bikeways that weave throughout the communities of Edwardsville, nearby Glen Carbon and beyond, and connects its MCTTrail system with its public bus system. The trails are mostly asphalt. Maps of the trails, which connect to neighborhoods, schools, business districts, SIUE, parks, and more, are available on kiosks throughout the trail system or online at www.mcttrails.org.
  • Watershed Nature Center: 46-acre (190,000 m2) wildlife preserve. The interpretive center displays native Illinois plants and animals and has education about the environment. Programming for children and adults is available.
  • SIUE Campus: Located on 2,660 acres (11 km2), the SIUE campus is one of the largest college campuses in the United States. The property includes rolling hills, acres of forests, and extensive fields.
  • Edwardsville Parks: Plummer Family Park, Winston Brown Sports Complex, Vadalabene Park, Brent Leh Dog Park, Springer Woods, Hoppe Park, Leon Corlew Splash Pad, RP Lumber Center, Leclaire Field, Joe Glik Park, City Park, Edwardsville Township Park, Leclaire Park, Lusk Memorial Park, and Rotary Park.
  • Arts & Culture: Edwardsville Arts Center, Wildey Theater, Edwardsville Children's Museum, Madison County Historical Museum, Mannie Jackson Center for the Humanities.
  • Lakes: Leclaire Lake, Dunlap Lake, and Tower Lake.

Media

Print

Radio

Television

  • ECTV Channel 10, local channel available on Charter Cable in Glen Carbon and Edwardsville.[14]

Pop culture

Scenes for the movie The Lucky Ones, starring Tim Robbins and Rachel McAdams, were filmed in downtown Edwardsville in June 2007. However, the scene filmed was set in Denver, Colorado, and banners were hung on Edwardsville's Main Street that read, "Welcome to Denver."[15]

Singer-songwriter Jackson Browne recorded "Cocaine" and "Shaky Town" in Edwardsville's Holiday Inn Room 124[16] for his album Running on Empty. The Holiday Inn at 3080 S. Route 157 was torn down and rebuilt as a Comfort Suites.

A collection of poetry by Nigerian writer Kọ́lá Túbọ̀sún, Edwardsville by Heart (Wisdom's Bottom Press, November 2018), was based on the time the author spent in Edwardsville for three years as a Fulbright Scholar and student.[17][18][19] The book was described by Howard Rambsy II of Southern Illinois University Edwardsville as “an artistic map disguised as a volume of poetry”, and by Ainehi Edoro, writing in Brittle Paper, as "a magical meeting place of travelogue, memoir, and poetry."[20]

An episode of the TV series House Hunters was filmed in Edwardsville and aired in January 2018. The episode featured a local couple, Zach and Hannah, who grew up and went to school in Edwardsville.[21]

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 15, 2022.
  2. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Edwardsville, Illinois
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on July 12, 2012. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 115.
  5. ^ "The Edwards Trace". Illinois State Historical Society. Retrieved March 9, 2013.
  6. ^ Reinhardt, Cindy (2009). "The cooperative village of Leclaire, 1890-1934". Illinois Heritage. 12 (4): 11–13.
  7. ^ Edwardsville web site Archived 2007-09-26 at the Wayback Machine, additional text.
  8. ^ "10 Best Towns for Families: 2010" Archived 2017-11-21 at the Wayback Machine, Family Circle, Retrieved on 2010-08-07.
  9. ^ Staff, WICS/WRSP (December 10, 2021). "Amazon warehouse collapses in Edwardsville, people trapped inside. An organized  massive cleanup for the victims of the tornado outbreak was put into effect". WICS. Retrieved December 11, 2021.
  10. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Edwardsville, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Archived from the original on October 23, 2012. Retrieved January 27, 2011.
  11. ^ "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 27, 2015.
  12. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  13. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  14. ^ Putting ECTV in focus, Edwardsville Intelligencer (Edwardsville, Illinois), April 16, 2003
  15. ^ Niccum, Ann (August 13, 2008). "Edwardsville's return to silver screen set". The Edwardsville Intelligencer. Retrieved May 15, 2013.
  16. ^ "Discogs entry for Jackson Browne - Running on Empty". Discogs. Retrieved February 12, 2012.
  17. ^ "wisdomsbottom". wisdomsbottom. Retrieved November 18, 2018.
  18. ^ "Poetry Collection: "Edwardsville by Heart"". ktravula - a travelogue!. August 11, 2018. Retrieved November 18, 2018.
  19. ^ Smith, Rosa Inocencio (November 21, 2018). "The Books Briefing: Every Literary Family Is Fascinating in Its Own Way". The Atlantic. Retrieved November 24, 2018.
  20. ^ "#WeLoveBooks | Edwardsville by Heart by Kọ́lá Túbọ̀sún". Brittle Paper. October 29, 2018. Retrieved November 18, 2018.
  21. ^ Arnett, Carol (January 10, 2018). ""House Hunters" comes to Edwardsville". The Edwardsville Intelligencer. Retrieved January 5, 2019.
  22. ^ 'Illinois Blue Book 1941-1942,' Biographical Sketch of Max L. Bowler, pg. 248-249
  23. ^ 'Illinois Blue Book 2001-2002,' Biographical Sketch of Evelyn M. Bowles, pg. 127
  24. ^ 'Illinois Blue Biook 1925-1926,' Biographical Sketch of Earl E. Herrin, pg. 216-217
  25. ^ "AJ Schnack". Indiepix. Retrieved May 9, 2010.
  26. ^ Illinois Supreme Court-Jesse L. Simpson
  27. ^ 'Illinois Blue Book 1993-1994,' Biographical Sketch of Sam M. Vadaladene, pg. 121

External links

This page was last edited on 18 June 2024, at 06:25
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