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Scott County, Illinois

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Scott County, Illinois
Scott County Courthouse, Winchester.jpg
Scott County Courthouse, Winchester
Map of Illinois highlighting Scott County

Location within the U.S. state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois

Illinois's location within the U.S.
Founded1839
SeatWinchester
Largest cityWinchester
Area
 • Total253 sq mi (655 km2)
 • Land251 sq mi (650 km2)
 • Water1.9 sq mi (5 km2), 0.7%
Population (est.)
 • (2017)5,002
 • Density21/sq mi (8/km2)
Congressional district18th
Time zoneCentral: UTC−6/−5

Scott County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 5,355,[1] making it the fourth-least populous county in Illinois. Its county seat is Winchester.[2]

Scott County is part of the Jacksonville, IL Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Springfield-Jacksonville-Lincoln, IL Combined Statistical Area.

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  • ✪ Day 2 Bicycle Tour White Pines State Park Illinois to Scott County Park Iowa
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Transcription

Contents

History

Scott County was formed in 1839 out of Morgan County. It was named for a local pioneer family named Scott.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 253 square miles (660 km2), of which 251 square miles (650 km2) is land and 1.9 square miles (4.9 km2) (0.7%) is water.[3] The county's western boundary is formed by the Illinois River.

Climate and weather

Winchester, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
1.6
 
 
34
16
 
 
1.8
 
 
40
20
 
 
3.3
 
 
52
30
 
 
3.6
 
 
64
42
 
 
4.3
 
 
74
52
 
 
3.6
 
 
83
61
 
 
3.4
 
 
87
65
 
 
2.8
 
 
85
63
 
 
3
 
 
78
54
 
 
2.6
 
 
67
43
 
 
3.3
 
 
52
32
 
 
2.6
 
 
39
21
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[4]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Winchester have ranged from a low of 16 °F (−9 °C) in January to a high of 87 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −26 °F (−32 °C) was recorded in January 1912 and a record high of 113 °F (45 °C) was recorded in July 1934. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.60 inches (41 mm) in January to 4.34 inches (110 mm) in May.[4]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18406,215
18507,91427.3%
18609,06914.6%
187010,53016.1%
188010,7412.0%
189010,304−4.1%
190010,4551.5%
191010,067−3.7%
19209,489−5.7%
19308,539−10.0%
19408,176−4.3%
19507,245−11.4%
19606,377−12.0%
19706,096−4.4%
19806,1420.8%
19905,644−8.1%
20005,537−1.9%
20105,355−3.3%
Est. 20175,002[5]−6.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2017[1]

As of the 2010 census, there were 5,355 people, 2,214 households, and 1,516 families residing in the county.[10] The population density was 21.3 inhabitants per square mile (8.2/km2). There were 2,459 housing units at an average density of 9.8 per square mile (3.8/km2).[3] The racial makeup of the county was 98.6% white, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.2% black or African American, 0.1% from other races, and 0.7% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.8% of the population.[10] In terms of ancestry, 26.3% were German, 24.3% were American, 18.0% were English, and 16.2% were Irish.[11]

Of the 2,214 households, 32.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.7% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.5% were non-families, and 27.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.89. The median age was 42.7 years.[10]

The median income for a household in the county was $49,462 and the median income for a family was $64,412. Males had a median income of $40,781 versus $32,011 for females. The per capita income for the county was $27,530. About 6.5% of families and 9.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.5% of those under age 18 and 10.2% of those age 65 or over.[12]

Communities

City

Town

Villages

Unincorporated community

Politics

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 75.4% 1,966 20.5% 535 4.1% 107
2012 61.8% 1,587 35.4% 910 2.8% 71
2008 55.8% 1,455 41.8% 1,090 2.4% 62
2004 64.3% 1,696 35.2% 927 0.5% 13
2000 59.1% 1,458 38.6% 954 2.3% 57
1996 43.8% 1,112 39.9% 1,012 16.3% 414
1992 40.7% 1,132 38.0% 1,057 21.4% 594
1988 55.0% 1,535 44.6% 1,243 0.4% 12
1984 67.3% 1,976 32.1% 943 0.6% 16
1980 65.4% 1,990 30.9% 941 3.7% 111
1976 55.4% 1,789 44.1% 1,424 0.6% 19
1972 66.0% 2,228 33.9% 1,145 0.1% 3
1968 55.6% 1,971 35.3% 1,252 9.2% 325
1964 45.5% 1,627 54.5% 1,952 0.0% 0
1960 59.4% 2,267 40.5% 1,543 0.1% 4
1956 60.9% 2,303 39.1% 1,478 0.0% 0
1952 60.4% 2,298 39.6% 1,506 0.1% 3
1948 51.3% 1,840 48.4% 1,735 0.4% 13
1944 53.8% 2,185 45.9% 1,864 0.2% 9
1940 50.7% 2,585 48.9% 2,492 0.4% 22
1936 42.1% 2,165 57.3% 2,945 0.6% 28
1932 36.2% 1,740 62.7% 3,012 1.1% 52
1928 60.0% 2,601 39.9% 1,730 0.2% 7
1924 50.5% 2,227 45.2% 1,994 4.3% 190
1920 52.3% 2,075 45.0% 1,786 2.8% 110
1916 45.7% 2,126 52.8% 2,457 1.4% 67
1912 15.4% 379 54.5% 1,341 30.1% 739
1908 42.8% 1,101 53.4% 1,376 3.8% 98
1904 45.5% 1,163 48.3% 1,236 6.2% 159
1900 42.6% 1,204 56.1% 1,585 1.3% 38
1896 43.6% 1,261 55.3% 1,598 1.1% 31
1892 39.7% 1,006 50.6% 1,282 9.6% 244

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2015.
  4. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Winchester, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved January 27, 2011.
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved November 28, 2018.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
  10. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2015.
  11. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2015.
  12. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2015.
  13. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 1 April 2018.

External links

This page was last edited on 15 June 2019, at 21:14
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