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Lapeer County, Michigan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Lapeer County
Lapeer County Courthouse
Map of Michigan highlighting Lapeer County
Location within the U.S. state of Michigan
Map of the United States highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 43°05′N 83°13′W / 43.09°N 83.22°W / 43.09; -83.22
Country United States
State Michigan
FoundedSeptember 18, 1822 (created)
February 2, 1835 (organized)[1][2]
SeatLapeer
Largest cityLapeer
Area
 • Total663 sq mi (1,720 km2)
 • Land643 sq mi (1,670 km2)
 • Water20 sq mi (50 km2)  3.0%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total88,619
 • Density137/sq mi (53/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district10th
Websitelapeercountyweb.org

Lapeer County is a county located in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2020 Census, the population was 88,619.[3] The county seat is Lapeer.[4] The county was created on September 18, 1822, and was fully organized on February 2, 1835. The name is a corruption of the French la pierre, which means "the stone".[5] Lapeer County is included in the Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Lapeer County was part of New France from 1534. As New France gained in population, this area was considered part of the Pays d'en Haut (upper countries) dependency of the Colony of Canada, from its formation as a department of New France in 1712. In 1763 England took possession of all French territory in North America east of the Mississippi River after winning the Seven Years' War. It renamed the colony and its dependencies as the Province of Quebec. France and England had controlled trading with First Nations in this area by establishing forts as a place for gathering and trading, and to settle disputes and enforce laws. They used the ancient overland and waterborne trade routes of the First Nations, while providing superior tools and weapons in exchange for valuable furs.

Following the American Revolution, Great Britain ceded portions of the Province of Quebec to the newly independent United States of America. By an ordinance of the Congress of the United States passed on July 13, 1787, under the Articles of Confederation, the whole of the territory of the United States lying northwest of the Ohio River and east of the Mississippi River, though still occupied by the British, was organized as the Northwest Territory.[6] The area that is now Lapeer County used to be a part of the County of Wayne, named in the honor of General Anthony Wayne. This original Wayne County was created on August 11, 1796; very large, it included all of the lower peninsula of Michigan, parts of Northern Ohio and Indiana, and also portions of Wisconsin and Illinois. As population increased in the area, new counties were organized in this territory.

What is now Lapeer County, on May 7, 1800, was considered part of the Territory of Indiana, which included all of the lower peninsula of Michigan. After Ohio and Indiana became states, the Territory of Michigan was formed. In 1807 local Indian tribes: the Ottawa, Ojibwa (Chippewa), Wyandot and Potawatomi, ceded the land of Southeast Michigan to the United States in the Treaty of Detroit. They had been under pressure for some time, especially as they had been allied with the British in the Revolutionary War. They were encouraged to move west out of the area, but some remained in Michigan.

In January 1820, the County of Oakland was formed. On September 18, 1822, Governor Lewis Cass set Lapeer County's boundaries, although it remained a part of Oakland County until it was organized. Lapeer County officially became a county on February 2, 1835. The first recorded elections for county officers, with 520 people voting, occurred in 1837.

The first European-American settler in Lapeer was Alvin N. Hart, who was born in Cornwall, Connecticut on February 11, 1804. He came to Lapeer in 1831 and platted the Village of Lapeer on November 8, 1833.[6] The plat was registered in Pontiac, December 14, 1833, in Oakland County's Associate Judge Bagley's court. Alvin Hart became a state senator in 1843, representing Lapeer, Oakland, Genesee, Shiawassee, Tuscola, Saginaw counties and the entire Upper Peninsula. He was instrumental in having the state capital moved from Detroit to Lansing.

Lumber was the principal industry of the Lapeer County area from the 1830s until 1870. Lumber was in demand with development throughout the Midwest. In addition there was the expectation that clearing much of the county's forests would attract farmers as settlers. Lapeer's economy shifted to become primarily agriculturally based.

On October 26, 2010, Lapeer became a founding member of the Karegnondi Water Authority.[7]

Historical markers

Fifteen historical markers have been installed throughout Lapeer County commemorating sites and structures of interest:[8]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 663 square miles (1,720 km2), of which 643 square miles (1,670 km2) is land and 20 square miles (52 km2) (3.0%) is water.[9] Lapeer County's geography is very similar to Oakland County, except Lapeer County is more rural. Lapeer is one of the five counties that form the peninsula projecting into Lake Huron known as The Thumb, which in turn is a sub-region of Mid Michigan.

The headwaters of the Flint River are in Columbiaville. It flows through the county toward Genesee. The City of Lapeer straddles it course.

Major highways

  • I-69 runs east and west through the county
  • M-24 runs north and south through the western part of the county, including the city of Lapeer
  • M-53 runs north and south through the eastern part of the county, including Imlay City
  • M-90 runs east and west through the county, including the city of North Branch

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18404,265
18507,02964.8%
186014,754109.9%
187021,34544.7%
188030,13841.2%
189029,213−3.1%
190027,641−5.4%
191026,033−5.8%
192025,782−1.0%
193028,34810.0%
194032,11613.3%
195035,79411.5%
196041,92617.1%
197052,31724.8%
198070,03833.9%
199074,7686.8%
200087,90417.6%
201088,3190.5%
202088,6190.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
1790-1960[11] 1900-1990[12]
1990-2000[13] 2010-2018[3]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 88,319 people living in the county. 95.5% were White, 1.0% Black or African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 1.2% of some other race and 1.4% of two or more races. 4.1% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race). 23.9% were of German, 10.9% English, 10.4% Irish, 8.6% Polish, 7.3% American and 5.2% French, French Canadian or Cajun ancestry.[14]

As of the census[15] of 2000, there were 87,904 people, 30,729 households, and 23,876 families living in the county. The population density was 134 people per square mile (52/km2). There were 32,732 housing units at an average density of 50 per square mile (19/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.17% White, 0.82% Black or African American, 0.38% Native American, 0.39% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.07% from other races, and 1.16% from two or more races. 3.11% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 24.2% were of German, 11.8% English, 9.7% American, 9.6% Irish and 9.4% Polish ancestry, 95.9% spoke English and 2.6% Spanish as their first language.

In 2000, there were 30,729 households, of which 38.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.70% were married couples living together, 8.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.30% were non-families. 18.50% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.19.

The county's population was spread out in terms of age, with 28.00% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 31.00% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, and 9.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $51,717, and the median income for a family was $57,817. Males had a median income of $47,506 versus $26,385 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,462. About 3.80% of families and 5.40% of the population lived below the poverty line, including 5.70% of those under age 18 and 7.50% of those age 65 or over.

Government

United States presidential election results for Lapeer County, Michigan[16]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 35,482 67.29% 16,367 31.04% 883 1.67%
2016 30,037 66.48% 12,734 28.18% 2,412 5.34%
2012 23,734 55.05% 18,796 43.60% 585 1.36%
2008 22,831 50.33% 21,457 47.30% 1,074 2.37%
2004 25,556 57.89% 18,086 40.97% 505 1.14%
2000 20,351 54.66% 15,749 42.30% 1,134 3.05%
1996 13,369 40.71% 14,308 43.57% 5,164 15.72%
1992 12,326 35.13% 11,982 34.15% 10,776 30.71%
1988 16,670 60.19% 10,736 38.76% 291 1.05%
1984 19,222 70.67% 7,800 28.68% 178 0.65%
1980 15,996 56.99% 9,671 34.45% 2,402 8.56%
1976 12,349 55.59% 9,503 42.78% 363 1.63%
1972 11,615 66.02% 5,531 31.44% 446 2.54%
1968 8,866 54.85% 5,199 32.17% 2,098 12.98%
1964 6,012 41.11% 8,595 58.77% 17 0.12%
1960 10,450 67.13% 5,099 32.76% 18 0.12%
1956 10,527 72.81% 3,913 27.06% 19 0.13%
1952 9,940 72.79% 3,644 26.68% 72 0.53%
1948 8,358 62.85% 4,668 35.10% 272 2.05%
1944 7,769 71.80% 3,002 27.74% 50 0.46%
1940 7,714 69.85% 3,299 29.87% 31 0.28%
1936 5,081 54.26% 3,868 41.31% 415 4.43%
1932 4,882 51.87% 4,315 45.85% 215 2.28%
1928 6,514 82.80% 1,312 16.68% 41 0.52%
1924 6,297 83.65% 929 12.34% 302 4.01%
1920 5,523 78.61% 1,298 18.47% 205 2.92%
1916 3,345 61.77% 1,937 35.77% 133 2.46%
1912 1,728 32.09% 1,200 22.28% 2,457 45.63%
1908 3,426 63.49% 1,644 30.47% 326 6.04%
1904 3,917 68.96% 1,519 26.74% 244 4.30%
1900 3,706 59.71% 2,208 35.57% 293 4.72%
1896 3,809 53.63% 3,065 43.15% 229 3.22%
1892 3,126 49.11% 2,698 42.39% 541 8.50%
1888 3,662 53.36% 2,914 42.46% 287 4.18%
1884 3,062 50.15% 2,741 44.89% 303 4.96%


The county government operates the jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, keeps files of deeds and mortgages, maintains vital records, administers public health regulations, runs county parks, and participates with the state in the provision of welfare and other social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget but has only limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions — police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance, etc. — are the responsibility of individual cities, villages, and townships.

Elected officials

(information as of August, 2012)

Judiciary

  • 40th Circuit Court: Nick O. Holowka; Michael Hodges
  • 71A District Court: Laura Cheger Barnard
  • Probate Court: Justus C. Scott

(information as of August, 2012)

Board of Commissioners

7 members, elected from districts (1 Democrat, 6 Republicans)

District Commissioner Party District's Area
1 Cheryl Clark (Vice-Chairman) Democratic Townships of Marathon, Oregon and portion of Elba
2 Dyle Henning Republican Townships of Rich, Deerfield and portion of Mayfield
3 Gary Roy (Chairman) Republican Townships of Arcadia, Burlington, Burnside, Goodland and North Branch
4 Lenny Schneider Republican City of Lapeer and portions of Lapeer and Mayfield Townships
5 Dave Eady Republican Townships of Hadley, Metamora and portion of Elba
6 Linda Jarvis Republican Townships of Attica, Dryden and portion of Lapeer
7 Ian Kempf Republican Imlay City and Townships Almont and Imlay

[18]

Communities

Cities

Villages

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

Townships

See also

References

  1. ^ "A Condensed History of Lapeer County". Lapeer County Government. Archived from the original on August 2, 2015. Retrieved October 4, 2014.
  2. ^ History of Lapeer County, Michigan : with illustrations and biographical sketches of some of its prominent men and pioneers. Chicago: H. R. Page. 1884. Retrieved October 4, 2014.
  3. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 15, 2021.
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  5. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 181.
  6. ^ a b Stewart, Lyle. "A Condensed History of Lapeer County". Archived from the original on February 2, 2014. Retrieved August 14, 2012.
  7. ^ Fonger, Ron (October 23, 2010). "Years in the making, Karegnondi Water Authority is ready to set new course for water". Flint Journal. Retrieved December 6, 2011.
  8. ^ "Michigan Historical Markers". michmarkers.com. Archived from the original on July 17, 2014. Retrieved February 2, 2008.
  9. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on November 13, 2013. Retrieved September 26, 2014.
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 26, 2014.
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 26, 2014.
  12. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 26, 2014.
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 26, 2014.
  14. ^ Data Access and Dissemination Systems (DADS). "U.S. Census website". census.gov.
  15. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  16. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections".
  17. ^ "COUNTY ELECTED OFFICIALS". Archived from the original on February 15, 2013. Retrieved August 14, 2012.
  18. ^ "Who is my Commissioner?". lapeercountyweb.org.

External links

This page was last edited on 28 March 2022, at 17:00
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