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Gladwin County, Michigan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Gladwin County
Gladwin County Courthouse in Gladwin
Gladwin County Courthouse in Gladwin
Official seal of Gladwin County
Map of Michigan highlighting Gladwin County
Location within the U.S. state of Michigan
Map of the United States highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 43°59′N 84°23′W / 43.99°N 84.39°W / 43.99; -84.39
Country United States
State Michigan
Founded1831 (created)
1875 (organized)[1]
Named forHenry Gladwin
SeatGladwin
Largest cityGladwin
Area
 • Total516 sq mi (1,340 km2)
 • Land502 sq mi (1,300 km2)
 • Water14 sq mi (40 km2)  2.7%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total25,386
 • Density51/sq mi (20/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district4th
Websitewww.gladwinco.com

Gladwin County is a county located in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2020 Census, the population was 25,386.[2] The county seat is Gladwin.[3]

History

Prehistory

Gladwin County is a headwaters area. Most of the water that flows out of the county via the Tittabawassee River comes from Gladwin County, only a very small portion flows in from Clare or Roscommon counties. Native Americans crossed this area, and even spent summers here where the fishing was good and summer berries plentiful.

Research is underway to determine the importance of an ancient trail that was noted by the crew of the 1839 re-survey of Township 17 north Range 2 west, which later became Beaverton Township. The eastern terminus of the "Muskegon River Trail" was plotted at the confluence of the three branches of the Tobacco (Assa-mo-quoi-Sepe) River in the northwest corner of Section 12. It is possible that an early cross-country route from Saginaw Bay to Lake Michigan proceeded up the Saginaw, Tittabawassee, and Tobacco Rivers to a point west across Ross Lake from the Beaverton City Cemetery. At that point, the canoes would be portaged along the trail to the Muskegon River, then floated down to Lake Michigan.

Many native artifacts have been found along that route that attest to seasonal occupation, but so far no signs have been found to indicate a permanent settlement.

European arrival

The earliest documented visitors to the area were surveyors who platted the lands under provision of the 1787 Northwest Ordinance. Most of the early work was completed during the 1830s, although some of the survey work was faulty - the surveyors reportedly doubted that the area would ever be settled.

The earliest census to mention residents in the area was in 1860.

The county is named for Henry Gladwin,[4] British military commandant at Detroit in 1763 during Pontiac's War. The county was set off and named in 1831, and its government was organized in 1875.[1]

Sesquicentennial

The year 2011 marked 150 years since the first permanent settler of record, Marvel Secord, took up residence along the Tittabawassee River in what is now Secord Township. He was a trapper and trader who provided supplies to lumbering camps in the area. Another man, William Brayton, may have been an earlier settler; the 1860 census listed 14 residents, including two families with children. Of these, 11 were associated with lumbering camps that had begun to appear that year, and three were listed as "hunters." One of the "day laborers" at a camp had brought his wife to the area. The first issue of the Gladwin County Record (1878) mentions his 20 acres (8 Ha) of wheat under cultivation. His stepson, Dr. Russell E. Finch arrived in the area in 1875, becoming the county's first physician. William Brayton died in 1895. His claim to being the first permanent settler appears valid, except that just before the 1880 census was taken he and his wife went to Lynn, Massachusetts to care for his dying father. He returned to Gladwin after settling his father's estate in 1882, thus missing being included in the Gladwin County census for 1880.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 516 square miles (1,340 km2), of which 502 square miles (1,300 km2) is land and 14 square miles (36 km2) (2.7%) is water.[5] It is the second-smallest county in Michigan by total area. Gladwin County is sometimes considered to be a part of Central Michigan, and at other times is included in Northern Michigan.

Major highways

  • M-18 runs north–south through the western part of the county. It runs south along the western county line from the county's northwestern corner for five miles (8.0 km) then runs east and south to Gladwin, then west and south to Beaverton. It exits the county six miles (9.7 km) from the southwestern county corner, running to an intersection with US 10.
  • M-30 enters the northeastern part of county two miles (3.2 km) south of the northeastern corner. It runs westerly through the northern part of county, then turns to run south through the center part of county. The highway passes White Star and Billings before exiting the south county line near its midpoint.
  • M-61 runs east–west through center part of county and passes Gladwin and White Star.

County designated highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18801,127
18904,208273.4%
19006,56456.0%
19108,41328.2%
19208,8274.9%
19307,424−15.9%
19409,38526.4%
19509,4510.7%
196010,76913.9%
197013,47125.1%
198019,95748.1%
199021,8969.7%
200026,02318.8%
201025,692−1.3%
202025,386−1.2%
US Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2018[2]

As of the 2000 United States Census,[10] of 2000, there were 26,023 people, 10,561 households, and 7,614 families in the county. The population density was 51 people per square mile (20/km2). There were 16,828 housing units at an average density of 33 per square mile (13/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 97.65% White, 0.13% Black or African American, 0.56% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.31% from other races, and 1.06% from two or more races. 0.96% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 28.1% were of German, 11.5% American, 11.1% English, 9.4% Irish, 7.3% Polish and 6.4% French ancestry according to Census 2000. 96.3% spoke English, 1.7% German and 1.1% Spanish as their first language.

There were 10,561 households, out of which 27.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.50% were married couples living together, 8.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.90% were non-families. 24.00% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.85.

The county population contained 23.20% under the age of 18, 6.50% from 18 to 24, 24.20% from 25 to 44, 27.80% from 45 to 64, and 18.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 98.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,019, and the median income for a family was $37,090. Males had a median income of $33,871 versus $21,956 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,614. About 10.40% of families and 13.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.40% of those under age 18 and 7.30% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Gladwin County has been reliably Republican from the beginning. Since 1884, the Republican Party nominee has carried the county vote in 85% of the elections (29 of 35 elections).

United States presidential election results for Gladwin County, Michigan[11][12]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 9,893 67.69% 4,524 30.95% 198 1.35%
2016 8,124 64.77% 3,794 30.25% 624 4.98%
2012 6,661 52.94% 5,760 45.78% 162 1.29%
2008 6,391 48.27% 6,590 49.77% 260 1.96%
2004 6,770 51.18% 6,343 47.95% 114 0.86%
2000 5,743 49.39% 5,573 47.92% 313 2.69%
1996 3,670 34.32% 5,494 51.38% 1,528 14.29%
1992 3,616 33.56% 4,457 41.36% 2,703 25.08%
1988 4,746 52.82% 4,164 46.34% 76 0.85%
1984 5,401 61.07% 3,368 38.08% 75 0.85%
1980 4,509 51.09% 3,733 42.30% 583 6.61%
1976 3,794 50.14% 3,719 49.15% 54 0.71%
1972 3,484 61.94% 2,016 35.84% 125 2.22%
1968 2,840 56.55% 1,668 33.21% 514 10.23%
1964 1,941 41.45% 2,725 58.19% 17 0.36%
1960 3,282 69.65% 1,424 30.22% 6 0.13%
1956 3,121 73.47% 1,117 26.29% 10 0.24%
1952 3,031 75.85% 936 23.42% 29 0.73%
1948 2,062 66.43% 963 31.02% 79 2.55%
1944 2,457 70.93% 985 28.44% 22 0.64%
1940 2,741 67.78% 1,294 32.00% 9 0.22%
1936 1,645 49.21% 1,533 45.86% 165 4.94%
1932 1,378 43.86% 1,661 52.86% 103 3.28%
1928 1,795 83.76% 341 15.91% 7 0.33%
1924 1,908 78.36% 255 10.47% 272 11.17%
1920 1,687 78.68% 313 14.60% 144 6.72%
1916 935 52.88% 729 41.23% 104 5.88%
1912 638 39.07% 331 20.27% 664 40.66%
1908 1,168 71.35% 386 23.58% 83 5.07%
1904 1,093 79.49% 231 16.80% 51 3.71%
1900 978 75.23% 299 23.00% 23 1.77%
1896 748 67.09% 323 28.97% 44 3.95%
1892 531 60.76% 325 37.19% 18 2.06%
1888 525 58.79% 357 39.98% 11 1.23%
1884 288 55.49% 213 41.04% 18 3.47%


The county government operates the jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, records deeds, mortgages, and vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget and has limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions — police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance, etc. — are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.

Elected officials

(information as of 2021)

Communities

U.S. Census data map showing local municipal boundaries within Gladwin County.  Shaded areas represent incorporated cities.
U.S. Census data map showing local municipal boundaries within Gladwin County. Shaded areas represent incorporated cities.

Cities

Civil townships

Unincorporated communities

Ghost town

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Bibliography on Gladwin County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. Retrieved January 19, 2013.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved September 15, 2021.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 138.
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on November 13, 2013. Retrieved September 21, 2014.
  6. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved September 21, 2014.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 21, 2014.
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved September 21, 2014.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved September 21, 2014.
  10. ^ "U.S. Census website". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  11. ^ US Election Atlas
  12. ^ The leading "other" candidate, Progressive Theodore Roosevelt, received 549 votes, while Socialist candidate Eugene Debs received 85 votes, Prohibition candidate Eugene Chafin received 25 votes, and Socialist Labor candidate Arthur Reimer received 5 votes.
  13. ^ Departments Gladwin County website (accessed 2 October 2018)

External links

This page was last edited on 28 March 2022, at 16:21
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