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Albert J. Engel

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Republican Rep. Albert J. Engel of Michigan, a critic of Democratic presidential hopeful Paul V. McNutt, studies plans for one of the two "palaces" that McNutt, as High Commissioner to the Philippines, wanted to build as official residences in the islands, April 21, 1938.
Republican Rep. Albert J. Engel of Michigan, a critic of Democratic presidential hopeful Paul V. McNutt, studies plans for one of the two "palaces" that McNutt, as High Commissioner to the Philippines, wanted to build as official residences in the islands, April 21, 1938.

Albert Joseph Engel (January 1, 1888 – December 2, 1959) was a politician from the U.S. state of Michigan.

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Transcription

This episode has been brought to you by our super generous supporters on Patreon Researchers in China, just teleported an object into outer space What it wasn't a person or a dog or a molecule? It was the photon well or information describing a particular photon so how can this be described as teleportation well? I don't know but good stuff producer Matt weber knows and allow him to explain that quantum teleportation isn't really teleportation at all, but it's about making an unhackable internet But first he's going to talk about a paradox Albert Einstein didn't like Quantum mechanics He thought I was a blob theory and in 1935 he wrote a paper describing a paradox that seemed to bring everything about quantum mechanics into questions quantum mechanics is the study of the very smallest aspects of our universe Atoms electrons quarks photons and it reveals some unintuitive even contradictory facets of our universe for instance Measuring a particle changes the particle this is called the observer effect the act of measuring a phenomenon irreparably changes or Influences that phenomena to observe an atom we often have to shine a light on the photons in that light interact with the particle in a way that affects its position or momentum or Spin or any number of characteristics in the quantum realm using photons to observe an atom is akin to using bowling balls to count the pins at the end of A pitch-black bowling alley as a consequence you can never know all the properties of a particle with any certainty because the act of knowing Affects the outcome the observer effect is often confused with the idea that consciousness can affect or even create reality? But it's not all that supernatural because the observer effect doesn't require consciousness at all Photons running into an atom will produce the same observer effect whether or not conscious humans are driving those photons to observe in this case Merely means to interact in other words. We can't be detached observers in quantum systems We are always active participants mucking up the result that's what albert Einstein didn't like to him this inherent uncertainty The light of flaw in quantum mechanics that must be remedied reality could not be so unreliable or as he put it God does not play dice with the universe and nothing illustrated the weakness of quantum mechanics More than the Paradox of quantum entanglement at quantum scale sometimes particles can become connected in a way that measuring the properties of one particle affects the other Instantaneously no matter how far apart. They are in Einstein's theory of relativity Nothing can travel faster than the speed of light Quantum Entanglements seem to violate this because if one particle is entangled with another and any change on one that happened to his twin some kind Of communication must be happening between them otherwise, how could they affect each other? But if it happened instantaneously regardless of distance then that communication would have to be traveling faster than the speed of light which is impossible Thus a Paradox Einstein famously derided this as spooky action at a distance to Einstein the whole field of quantum Mechanics seemed as sketchy as the supposed quantum entanglement and einstein spent the rest of his life trying to correct by the perceived shortcomings of quantum mechanics without success Because there was nothing to correct in the years after einstein's death quantum mechanics has been proven right over and over again although it remains Stubbornly unintuitive even Einsteins quantum entanglement Paradox has proven to be a real phenomenon It's not a paradox at all while entanglement does happen instantaneously No information can be transmitted between the particles faster than the speed of light, but information can be transmitted and that's just what a team of researchers at the university of science and technology in Shanghai did in june of 2017 while it has been widely described as teleportation What the researchers actually? Accomplished was the transmission of information between two entangled particles by shooting a laser through a specialized Crystal the photons emitted Become entangled so once one photon is measured in the entangled pair the state of the other is instantly known by using their quantum state as the carrier signal information Can be transmitted between these photons this has been done in labs all around the world but never at this distance the researchers in China Sent entangled photon particles to a satellite in orbit 1,400 kilometers above the Earth They then entangled the ground photon with a third photon enabling them to send its quantum state to the satellite-based photon effectively replicating the third boat on in orbit But the third photon wasn't physically moved to the satellite only information about its quantum state with and reconstructed So it wasn't teleported like Star trek But the real breakthrough here isn't teleportation it's Communication a quantum internet based on entangled particles would be nearly impossible to hack and we can thank the observer effect For this if someone tried to eavesdrop on one of these quantum transmissions They would essentially be trying to observe the particle and as we know this changes the particle a compromised transmission would be instantly recognizable because the particles will become unentangled or the transmission would be destroyed entirely kind of like trying to observe a rival bowling league pin by Throwing your custom monogram bowling ball at them a quantum internet would be a nearly 100% secure communication screen No one without access to the entangled particles revealed hackett And if someone did gain access to an entangled particle it would be immediately obvious because your particle would be missing and your internet would Be down So you can see how this could be a value as more than a photon Teleportation device it took researchers over a million attempts to successfully entangle just over 900 particles because the photons have to pass through our atmosphere There's a good chance. They will interact with another particle and thus be observed breaking the entanglement and ending the transmission So we're still a ways away from a fully functional unhackable quantum internet But could we some time in the distant future use the same technique to teleport actual objects or even people theoretically? Yes? but that would involve Entangling every particle in your body with an equal amount of particles in another location every state and position of all your particles would have To be scanned and transmitted to the other location the awaiting entangled particles would be imbued with the transmitted information Instantly assuming a state identical to the original particle This is essentially what happened to the photon, but now we're talking about every particle in your body But don't get too excited quantum teleportation is subject to the observer effect to the scanning process that measures all of your particles would simultaneously Change all of your particles in essence changing the original you into a pile of unrecognizable Quantum goos you would cease to exist in one location and appear in another Exactly the same just with a whole new Complement of Particles whether or not you'd still be you is a whole other debate And that's spooky enough to make even Einstein keep his distance so what do you think will we ever have teleportation will you still be you if you have all of your particles destroyed and then Reconstructed I know I would opt out of that if someone asked me to do that let me know in the comments What you think and don't forget to like and subscribe and share this video so that it may be observed by as many conscious humans? As possible special thanks to our patreon subscribers without you. We wouldn't be able to do this show at all So if you like what we do here consider heading over to our patreon page and supporting the show thanks for watching Now teleport me out matt when you're editing this tell me teleport me

Biography

Engel was born in New Washington, Ohio. He attended the public schools in Grand Traverse County, Michigan, and the Central YMCA College in Chicago, Illinois. He graduated from the law department of Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois, in 1910. He was admitted to the bar the same year and commenced practice in Lake City, Michigan. He was prosecuting attorney of Missaukee County in 1916, 1917, 1919, and 1920. During World War I, he served as a first lieutenant in the War Department, Washington, D.C., later being promoted to captain and served overseas for twenty-three months, 1917-1919. He served in the Michigan Senate in 1921, 1922, and 1927 to 1932.

In 1934, Engel defeated incumbent Democrat Harry W. Musselwhite to be elected as a Republican from Michigan's 9th congressional district to the 74th to the seven succeeding Congresses, serving from January 3, 1935 – January 3, 1951. He was not a candidate for renomination in 1950, but was an unsuccessful candidate for the Republican gubernatorial nomination.

Engel operated a 1,400-acre (5.7 km2) tree plantation near Lake City. He died in Grand Rapids and is interred in Lake City Cemetery.

Engel's son, Albert J. Engel, Jr., was a judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit.

References

  • United States Congress. "Albert J. Engel (id: E000178)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
  • The Political Graveyard
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Harry W. Musselwhite
United States Representative for the 9th Congressional District of Michigan
1935 – 1951
Succeeded by
Ruth Thompson
This page was last edited on 24 September 2018, at 19:43
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