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Candice Miller

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Candice Miller
Candice Miller, official portrait, 112th Congress.jpg
Macomb County Public Works Commissioner
Assumed office
January 1, 2017
Preceded byAnthony Marrocco
Chair of the House Administration Committee
In office
January 3, 2013 – December 31, 2016
Preceded byDan Lungren
Succeeded byGregg Harper
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Michigan's 10th district
In office
January 3, 2003 – December 31, 2016
Preceded byDavid Bonior
Succeeded byPaul Mitchell
40th Secretary of State of Michigan
In office
January 1, 1995 – January 1, 2003
GovernorJohn Engler
Preceded byRichard Austin
Succeeded byTerri Lynn Land
Personal details
Candice Sue McDonald

(1954-05-07) May 7, 1954 (age 65)
St. Clair Shores, Michigan, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)Donald Miller
Children1 daughter
EducationMacomb Community College
Northwood University

Candice Sue Miller (née McDonald;[1] born May 7, 1954) is an American politician who was the U.S. Representative for Michigan's 10th congressional district from 2003 to 2017. She is former Michigan Secretary of State, Macomb County Treasurer, and Harrison Township Supervisor.[2] She is a member of the Republican Party. In November 2016, she was elected Macomb County Public Works commissioner, defeating 6-term incumbent Anthony Marrocco.[3]

The district includes all of Michigan's Huron, Lapeer, Sanilac, and St. Clair counties, plus northern Macomb and eastern Tuscola counties. She is a graduate of Lake Shore High School of St. Clair Shores, Michigan.[4]

Miller did not seek re-election in 2016[5] and resigned her seat in the House on December 31, 2016, in order to take office as Public Works Commissioner the next day.[6]

YouTube Encyclopedic

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  • ✪ Rep. Candice Miller & Rep. Janice Hahn
  • ✪ Honeybees and the Plants They Need - Candice Miller - Wednesday, April 20, 2016


>> From the Library of Congress in Washington DC. >> David Mao: Good morning everyone. Well-- I feel like I should be standing here and singing the national anthem. But I don't want to scare anybody away since we have a nice crowd here. My name is David Mao and I have the honor of serving as the acting Librarian of Congress. Welcome to the Library of Congress. It is our nation's oldest, Federal, cultural institution. Excuse me, I should say our first, Federal, cultural institution. And we are just so delighted that all of you could be with us here today. We are the Library of Congress and we were created by Congress 216-- almost 216 years ago. And have been generously supported by Congress over the years to become the world's largest library. And we're very proud of that fact. But we are the nation's library but as our name suggests. We are the Library for Congress. And so that's why I think it's particularly appropriate that we are in this room today for this very special program. This room in this building when it was opened in 189-- 1897. Served as the reading room for the House of Representatives. And today it's known as the member's room and reserved for the use of members of Congress. And so with that, we're very delighted to have with us 2 members of Congress today. In this room, to tell us a little bit about their careers. Chairman Candice Miller from Michigan and Representative Janice Hahn from California. They're here to kick off our celebration of women's history month. Both Chairman Miller and Representative Hahn have had distinguished careers in public service. And so we're very much looking forward to hearing from them. Their thoughts about their time in Congress. And in particular the role that gender plays in today's political leadership and landscape. Our discussion will be lead and moderated by my colleague, Doctor Colleen Shogan. Who is the director of our national-- excuse me, Deputy Director of National and International Outreach here at the library. Today's topic though, of course, is of particular interest to Colleen. Because as the former Deputy Director of the Congressional Research Service. She had authored at her time in CRS, an often cited CRS report on Women in Congress. So-- please join me in welcoming all of our distinguished members of Congress and Doctor Colleen Shogan. Thank you [applause]. >> Colleen Shogan: Welcome to the Library of Congress and this beautiful room this morning. As at the end of our program we hope to have time for questions from the audience. But I'm going to kick it off this morning. You both have had very long and distinguished careers in politics. But you both had different entries into public service. So can you tell us about how and why you became interested in government service in the first place? Chairman Miller. >> Rep. Candice Miller: Well for me, I live in-- Chairman-- or David Mao was just talking about the tenth district. You know, in Michigan we have a map of the state on the end of our arm. So I-- live in this area here. This is my-- district. And-- on the Great Lakes and my family was in the marina business. So I actually sold boats for a living. And-- I raised sailboats and that was sort of our-- hobby. And our way we made our living, our social-- everything. Everything was boating oriented. And when I was in my mid-20's, the local township decided they were going to pass an ordinance to tax all the marinas. Because about 40% of the commercial tax base in our area is all marina oriented. And in a family business you do everything. I mean everything, right? From doing the books to selling boats to whatever. And I remember telling-- I was doing the books. And I remember telling my dad. I said, "We just can't afford this!" They were going to tax so much for wet storage in the-- in the water storage, so much for dry storage. And I said-- you-- I don't know. I probably said, "Taxation without representation" or I don't know what I was saying you know. And my dad sort of padded me on the head. He says, "Oh no-- " Because he used to call me Candy-- don't tell anyone that but-- [laughter]. Yes, yes but then when I ran for office I said, "I have to be Candice now." But anyway, he said, "Well Candy, you know, you can't-- fight city hall so-- " >> Colleen Shogan: Right. Right. >> Rep. Candice Miller: "You know, this is what we got to do." I said, "Well then-- " I just couldn't believe it. So I went around to all these marinas and got these petitions signed. And long story, short went into the township off-- the township board meeting. And you know, gosh I was so riled up but I was sitting way in the back of the room. And I'll never forget when they got to our-- agenda item. All these guys that own the marina said, "Okay, you know, get up there and tell them." And I went [Gasp]. I still can remember my heart pounding. Because I had never spoken publicly or anything. Never thought about politics. And sometimes for me, I think anxiety almost manifests itself in anger. So I was like, "Listen! [laughs] can't do this". And we were successful. I thought, "Oh my gosh! If you're really obnoxious you could become a politician!" You know [laughs] so then I'm looking at all these other people on the board. And it thought, "Hey I could do that." So then I ran, I was too young to know I wouldn't win but I won. And that's-- here I am. >> Colleen Shogan: Representative Hahn. >> Rep. Janice Hahn: Well I had a-- sort of a different entry. You know your family was in boating and marinas. My family actually was in politics. So it's really everything we talked about. We talked about politics at the dinner table. My dad was a 46 year elected official in Los Angeles County. My brother was the City Controller, the City attorney and then the Mayor of Los Angeles. So our family-- it was really our family business. I didn't quite embrace it. In the beginning, I actually have my teaching credential-- my secondary teaching credential. I actually taught junior high and high school. I went into small business. I worked for an investor-owned utility. I worked for a trash company. I sort of did all these other things and then I think it just hit me. The DNA kicked in. It's one of those moments where you're sort of, you know, lying in bed at night. And you're like, "You know what? What am I supposed to be doing here?" And it was very clear to me that the best way I could affect change in my community and my neighborhood was to run for-- public office. I lost my first race. I was like the first member of my family to ever lose in a race [laughter]. It was very humiliating and embarrassing. But you know what? I knew that that's what I wanted to do. And then 8 years later I ran again and was elected to the Los Angeles City Council. You know I waited so long to actually-- it wasn't until I was 49 or 50 when I actually had my first elected office. And so, sort of funny that finally when I got elected in 2001. It was the same night that my brother was elected Mayor. So [laughter] I joke that even my mother went to his victory party, you know? [laughter]. That's how I got into politics. >> Colleen Shogan: At a certain point one day you both decided to run for Congress. Can you tell us about that moment when you decided to run for Congress? And what influenced your decision? >> Rep. Candice Miller: Well I had 2 different moments because I ran in 80-- gosh. Isn't it terrible? I can't remember if it was '84 or '86? I ran for Congress. I was 30 at the time, trying to remember. So-- anyway and lost and lost. And so-- I was-- I was you know. I had been the Township supervisor. I started my career, political career as a Township trustee for a short period of time. Then I became a supervisor in Michigan. That's really like being a Mayor right? And we had one of the larger townships in the state. And so then I ran for congress and-- lost. And-- that's the only race that I've lost. But I recognize all the reasons why I did loose. But anyway, then I-- was still the Township Supervisor. I think I ran for one more term after that. Then I was the County Treasurer in Macomb County which you sometimes hear this term. The Reagan's-- Reagan democrats. That term had its genesis really in the political nomenclature in our County. And you-- you'll probably hear tomorrow night at the Fox Theatre with the Republican Presidential debate. And-- when the dems are in Flint on Sunday. They'll be talking a little bit about Macomb County. Because it's about whether we don't even know if we're democrats, republicans, what we are half the time. We're like we're in a Petri dish, you know? They're like, "What are they going to-- what are they going to do?" But anyway, then I was the sec-- Michigan secretary of state for 8 years. And we have term limits in Michigan. And as secretary that's one of the 4 constitutional offices in the state. And so you know in term limits it's a-- [Noise]. >> Colleen Shogan: That's the ghost of the members room. >> Rep. Candice Miller: Oh! [Laughs]. >> Colleen Shogan: Don't worry about it. >> Rep. Candice Miller: What's its name? [Laughter] Woo-hoo! Anyway, he does not like term limits. That's what I was talking about. >> Colleen Shogan: That's right. Right? >> Rep. Candice Miller: Anyway, the-- so term limits it's you know, "nice job but drive thru." And so then I was trying to decide, "Should I go back into the private sector selling boats? Or doing something else?" And-- then I decided to run for Congress. And so I came here the ra-- the race was in '02 [noise]. I got-- I have the microphone Mr. Ghost. >> Colleen Shogan: Right? >> Rep. Candice Miller: I came here in '02, started in '03. And I have been here now-- so this is 14 years. And of course both of us are deciding to do something else with our-- lives, right? We both have another dance in us, whatever that is. So-- I'm just finishing my seventh term. Which has been the most incredible experience I have ever had. >> Colleen Shogan: Yeah, absolutely. Representative Hahn. >> Rep. Janice Hahn: So that after I lost the city council race in 1993. Until I won the city council in 2001. Those you know 8 years, I was really focused on-- I was a single mother at the time. I was raising my 3 kids. I was an investment banker. This was when I was really just focusing on you know jobs and making money. And in 1998, my member of Congress, Jane Harman decided to run for Governor of California. So she stepped down and now that I'm back here I understand how the individual caucuses work. And if some member wants to give up their seat. Man, it is a full court press to find a good candidate to run in their race and replace them. So they came after me [noise]. It's the ghost of former members [laughter] which is where we're going to be very soon. >> Rep. Candice Miller: We'll be back here haunting. >> Rep. Janice Hahn: Yes, right. So I got phone calls from Steny Hoyer. I never heard of Steny Hoyer. I got-- actually got a call from President Clinton. Vice President Gore, they were all trying to recruit someone who had a similar profile to Jane Harman, right? A woman, same initials-- [laughter]. I-- in my heart of hearts wasn't feeling it. But I-- it got to the sort of answering the call to my country. You know, they're really asking me to do this so I did it and lost. It was apparently one of the closest congressional races in the country. Lost by just 2 percentage points which is not very much in a congressional race. But you know what? It's like the best thing that ever happened to me. I do believe that things happen for a reason. You don't always know it when you're going through it. And it's never fun to lose. But as a result of me not going to Congress in 1998. That's when then I was elected to the local city council. And I got to cut my own political teeth at the local level. And that was important for me as a woman. I sort of grew up being the daughter of-- and the sister of-- these 2 very successful make politicians in Los Angeles County. So it was really important for me to cut my own political teeth in the Los Angeles City Council. So for 10 years I served there. We also have term limits in City Council. So I was bumping up to my 12 years. And once again, Jane Harman. She went back and after I lost. She was like, "Well clearly Janice couldn't do that. I have to come back and win that seat." And then she called me again one early February morning. And said, "I'm resigning from Congress this week. And I think you ought to run for my seat." So thought about it. You know, kind of called my political consultants and we had our website up by noon [laughter]. And this time it felt right. It felt good. And so I was elected in 2011 in the special election. >> Colleen Shogan: Throughout your careers, you both witnessed a transformation of women's political participation in particularly electoral politics. Can you tell us how has that transformation? How has that evolution affected you personally? From the time in which you began your public service. When you began your career. How it was then to what you see now as more women start to participate in electoral politics? >> Rep. Candice Miller: Me first? >> Colleen Shogan: Sure go ahead. >> Rep. Candice Miller: You know I would just say this. I think-- when I was-- when I was first running for office. I was also a single mother at that time. And I couldn't afford a babysitter. And I dragged my little daughter around. Whose now in her 40's and the mother of the world's 2 most beautiful grandchildren. But I-- >> Rep. Janice Hahn: Wait until you see mine. >> Rep. Candice Miller: Know you would argue with that one. >> Rep. Janice Hahn: I know. >> Rep. Candice Miller: But I dragged her around the neighborhoods going door to door in a wagon. I tried to make a game out of it, you know? Because I just couldn't afford a sitter. And there we-- and people were looking at me going. First I was young, right? I mean in my 20's but then more than that. They'd say, "I mean you're like a woman." >> Colleen Shogan: Right. >> Rep. Candice Miller: Seriously, you know? "What are you doing? And now you want to be you know the supervisor? Oh yeah right." And so I was the first female supervisor in my community. And then I was the first County Treasurer in my County-- first woman. Then I was the first woman secretary of state in Michigan. >> Colleen Shogan: There's a theme here. >> Rep. Candice Miller: You know? Well-- but you know all of these things and sometimes you know I'm-- as you might know I'm the only woman chairman. >> Colleen Shogan: Right. >> Rep. Candice Miller: In the House of Representatives. >> Colleen Shogan: Yes. >> Rep. Candice Miller: But you know what the truth is really. I mean I got the whole woman thing. But I've never really, you know. "Oh you're the woman member of Congress." I'm like, "Well I don't know. I'm like the-- I'm the member of Congress. And in issues that they talk about for women." I think all issues are women's issues, you know. Sometimes they'll say, "Oh well okay. Here's the health issues. Now, you know, this is the woman's issue" Right? You and I sit on transportation. What's more important to women than-- >>Colleen Shogan: Right. >> Rep. Candice Miller: Transportation. Really, right? Whatever they're-- whether they're flying or being in their car or-- >> Colleen Shogan: Exactly. >>Rep. Candice Miller: Safety in rail or-- you know everything. And I'm the Vice Chair of the Homeland Security Committee. What's more important to women than security? Security of the homeland, etcetera. But it has changed over the years. Because where it was a negative. Then at one point it seemed they said, "Well people would now vote for you because you are a woman." >> Colleen Shogan: Right. >>Rep. Janice Hahn: Right. >> Rep. Candice Miller: And really I think if it can just be because of the merits. That's really where we all need to go but I've also always said this. I think we need more women to be involved in politics. Whether you're democrat, republican. Whether you're running for Congress or you're running for your local school board. We need to have more women. We need to have their view. And I think it is for all of us that do hold public office to conduct ourselves well. As well as we can because you know what? It's very generational. And the next generation of women need to be thinking about how they can succeed in politics and have an impact. Because it is-- we do have a different mindset. We are all biological beings after all, right? >> Rep. Janice Hahn: I-- am pleased with the evolution of seeing more women participating in politics. Particularly running for office and being elected. I think the evolution has helped, you know, those of us who are women and in office. And those who may be thinking about it. When I first ran for office, there were very few women who were my role models. Who had been elected to office. Very few. In fact, my staff always cracks up at this story. Wasn't really funny at the time. But when I went through my divorce, my ex actually filed for full custody of the children. Because he said if I was elected to office, it would make me an unfit mother. >> Colleen Shogan: Wow. >> Rep. Janice Hahn: So yeah I know. You kind of laugh about that now. But you know there was this feeling even you know in the'90's. It's hard to believe. That there was still this feeling that that's not where a woman really belonged was in the political arena. So I think it helps that more women are-- running for office and being elected. And as Candice said, you know, we need more women. In congress, we're only 20% of women. Even though we're 50% of the population. We're only 20% of the members of Congress. You know, I think one of the statistics that was amazing to me when I got elected. I, you know, all the years in Congress. There'd only been 212, you know, women elected, you know. And now of course-- >> Rep. Candice Miller: It's hard, yeah. >> Rep. Janice Hahn: We're you know kind of upping that number. But I do believe that women come to the table with a different set of experiences. I do believe we have sort of a different perspective. And I like the way we govern. I think we govern more-- with more collaboration. I think we like to find common ground and consensus. And solve problems so I like the way women govern. But I'm wondering if we're almost-- it's now, it's going the other way. Because when I'm looking to recruit for political offices. I'm looking for good women. I have a hard time now. There are women who now, you know, have careers. And actually watching politics, particularly during this presidential year. There's a lot of women that are like, "I don't really want to do that. You know, that's really nasty. That's-- do we really want to put our families through that? Do I really want to, you know, have everything in my life scrutinized?" So I think it's-- I'm finding less women now who are wanting to run. They'll be involved, will help you on your campaign. More and more women are understanding what it means to make a contribution to a-- to a woman who's running for office. But I'm thinking women are sort of now, you know, like not as excited about being in office. Because of what's happened to our politics of civility. Which sometimes you wonder if that even exists anymore. >> Colleen Shogan: I'm going to ask you to both-- you got into this a little bit Representative Hahn. But I need to ask you both to engage in the thought experiment with us. As you said, 20% of members of Congress are women in the current Congress. And I want to ask you, what would the institution-- what would congress look like? Or how would it operate differently if 50% of its members were women? Or even 51% of its members were women? How would the institution operate differently if at all? >> Rep. Candice Miller: I do think it would be a bit different. I do think-- I think most of us would agree that women have a bit of a different perspective on how they approach things. Whatever your political ideology is, more of the cultural way that you approach various things. Where you are trying to reach a consensus. I think more often than just you know, "Okay I don't agree with you. I'm going to put on the war paint here. We're going, you know? Let's just think about how we might be able to get through these things." And now, I'm not talking from an ideology standpoint. >> Colleen Shogan: Right. >> Rep. Candice Miller: But just the approach to problem solving. I think is a bit different. And-- so I think in-- of all the various issues in that. If we just had more voices for women. I think-- I think that would be an important thing. But I will agree with you. I think where you had an easier time recruiting women. Because I've done candidate recruitment for my party. >> Rep. Janice Hahn: Right. >> Rep. Candice Miller: I know you have for you party. It does seem it's a-- it's a-- it's a little more difficult now. And-- which is not good. >> Colleen Shogan: No. >> Rep. Candice Miller: It's not good for the country. Although with all of our problems, only having 20% in the Congress, I'll tell you. You know one of the opportunities I've had in this job is travel. You know, you have as well. But I can remember going to Afghanistan and we landed in Kabul. Which you know is sort of like a saucer, right? With all the mountain range around it and all the snow melt was coming down. And these children are standing there in the snow melt with no shoes. And you know, you could just see they were-- they're not going to make it, you know? And they don't have any facilities there for their women or their children. These-- some of these societies, I'm sorry, they just don't care about their women so much. And then traveling to we went to see Karzai. And traveling to the Presidential Palace, it was like teeming with people. And I kept saying, "Well where are the women? Where are they?" It's so bizarre. So for all of our problems, you know, I tell young women that all the time. Just go do it man. Because you-- have opportunities here. You might have challenges but you don't have the challenges your sisters in many other countries have. So take advantage. >> Rep. Janice Hahn: Anyhow I was thinking about this question. What would run differently if there were more women? I don't know. Maybe we would carpet all the marble halls [laughter]. Because there's so hard on our high heels. >> Rep. Candice Miller: This is a sensible shoe caucus. >> Rep. Janice Hahn: I know. I got shin splints my first year in Congress [laughter]. But I-- think beyond that you know. I find that my friendships with the few women in Congress are really special. And they, you know, it allows me even across the aisle to find, you know, areas of common ground. Areas of consensus and there is not the-- you know, the hostility that exists. I think sometimes between the men. I mean we don't have testosterone. That changes a lot of things [laughter]. Changes a lot of the-- you know, the atmosphere. It changes a lot of where you go on a conversation. It changes a lot of you know the agenda of-- the house. So I would love to see more women in Congress. I think it would you know really be an opportunity to show you know the world. That you know we can be from different parties and yet we can get along. And we can find common ground. And I think it would-- I think it would help if we had more women. I'd love to see more women you know chairs of committees. I just think, you know-- >> Rep. Candice Miller: You don't think one is enough? >> Rep. Janice Hahn: I know right? I know. You know-- >> Rep. Candice Miller: One is not enough? We could have a few more [laughs]. >> Rep. Janice Hahn: I, you know, I think we run things differently. Again, I think we just bring different perspectives to the table. >> Colleen Shogan: Unfortunately you're both retiring from Congress and leaving us later this year. I wonder if you could share with us some of your future plans. And what you're most looking forward to doing? >> Rep. Candice Miller: Well you know first of all. When I first came here I never thought I would stay as long as I have stayed. >> Colleen Shogan: Huh? >>Rep. Candice Miller: And I know a lot of people say that. And I think also people say, "You sort of know when is your time to go" right? >> Colleen Shogan: Right. >> Rep. Candice Miller: When you're done. And that was really true for me. But I thought I would be here 6 years, 8 years maybe. You know I'm going to tell you though. It's like any other job I guess. Maybe more so than a lot of jobs. It's sort of insidious, you know. Pretty soon you think, "Well now I'm the chairman. I can't leave now or I got this issue I'm working on. I can't leave now". Well pretty soon you're never going to leave. And then they're going to maybe take you out on a gurney. And I don't want go that way [laughter]. And I truly love Michigan. I'm a Michigan girl. And I want to go home to Michigan. So I'm looking forward to whatever it is next. I'm not quite sure what? But I'll tell you the experiences that I have had here. There's absolutely no second. And so I-- you know, I don't know how-- I hope to be of value at somewhere. I might run for office again, you know. I might not. I might go back into the private sector. But I also say this. This is just my personal feeling. I-- really do think the founding fathers always thought that for Congress. Particularly in the House, that you would come from various sectors of your-- of the country. And do your thing for some period of time. And then you would go back. Not just be here forever. And really if you want to know the truth and this is not a partisan thing. Sometimes I think part of the gridlock problems we have is because some people don't leave. They never go. So even when you have a Presidential election. Now you have a new President but then you still have-- then they go. "Oh okay well here's this new guy. But here they-- they've all been here." >> Colleen Shogan: Right. >> Rep. Candice Miller: So I don't know. That's-- I'm not-- and I'm not saying about any particular person. I'm just saying in my observation I do think it's the people's house. You know, I don't-- I don't know what the right amount of time is. But I don't think it should be forever. >> Colleen Shogan: Okay. Representative Hahn. >> Rep. Janice Hahn: So I'm-- well have been here only 5 years this July. And when I end my term at the end of the year, it'll be like 5 and a half years. But I am going home to Los Angeles. And I'm currently-- I'm going to be on the ballot for County Supervisor in Los Angeles. So it's the same job my dad did for 40 years. I sort of grew up in the County of Los Angeles. And kind of really understood what a supervisor was in LA County. So I'm really looking forward to going home. I think-- you know, when I said I cut my teeth on the City Council. I-- really believe for me, it's a better fit for me, is local government. I like the idea of sort of where the rubber meets the road. I like you know seeing my constituents in the grocery store. And you know they want their tree trimmed or their pothole filled or their sidewalk-- I like that. I like actually seeing the fruits of my labor. Seeing a problem and solving it. There's only 5 members of the County Board of Supervisors. And actually with my candidacy, there is a historic opportunity for 3 females to be on the LA County Board of Supervisors. For the first time in the history of the County. My dad was there. It was you know the old boy's network. It was-- they called them the 5 kings. And-- but now with diversity and more women I look forward to working with 2 other women, you know, out of-- out of 5. To really, you know, talk about you know issues that matter to most people in the county of Los Angeles. So I'm-- I know where I'm going. And I feel good but I-- will look back on my time here. As of course being such an amazing experience. Really such an opportunity to serve as a member of Congress. It's really been a very special and satisfying to me. But frustrating also just in the gridlock. You know I think I landed in one of the more partisan political divides that Congress has been in a long time. And I don't enjoy it. I decided I don't enjoy partisan politics. Los Angeles County Supervisor is non-partisan. You just you know you look at a problem and you solve it. And you don't really have to worry about one side or the other making political points. And I think it'll be a better fit for me. And if I never get on a plane again [laughter]. It will be too soon. I have a 3,000 mile commute every week. I fly here on Mondays and fly home on Thursdays every week. And that has taken a toll. >> Colleen Shogan: Oh yeah, yeah. >> Rep. Janice Hahn: So-- which is why I was trying to pass legislation about seat sizes [laughter]. >> Rep. Candice Miller: Yeah [laughs]. Why? We have 7 inches. How much room do you need there? >> Rep. Janice Hahn: After 6 hours like, "Oh, it's so uncomfortable." >> Colleen Shogan: Chairman Miller. We have one last question for you. It's sort of a humorous question. I wonder if you could tell us about your nickname? And-- "old goat" and how you got that nickname? And why you are so proud to have earned it? >> Rep. Candice Miller: Well, jeez the old goat [laughter]. I told you I used to race sailboats. >> Colleen Shogan: Right. >> Rep. Candice Miller: And my whole family does. But anyway, there is sort of a Marquis race-- Freshwater Sailboat Race in the world really. Is on Lake Huron. It's Port Huron to Mackinac. Any of you heard of Mackinac Island. >>Colleen Shogan: Yeah. >> Rep. Candice Miller: So there's this Port Huron to Mackinac race. There's another one in Chicago to Mackinac. And-- first of all I will tell you I was in the first all-female crew in the Chicago Mackinac. And also the first all-female crew in the Port Huron to Mackinac. >> Colleen Shogan: Yay. >> Rep. Candice Miller: Many years ago. I was 15 at the time. >> Colleen Shogan: Very cool. >> Rep. Candice Miller: "Oh my gosh, I can't even-- " I'm really dating myself. But anyway, in Port Huron race after you compete in 25 of these races. They induct you into what they call the Old Goat Society. And I've done 29 of them. So I am actually an old nanny goat. >> Colleen Shogan: Oh! >> Rep. Candice Miller: And-- >>Colleen Shogan: You're a goat. >> Rep. Candice Miller: And I know this to be true. I am the only old nanny goat in the United States count. >> Colleen Shogan: Wow, there you go. >> Rep. Candice Miller: [Laughs]. >> Rep. Janice Hahn: And you can keep that title [laughter]. >> Rep. Candice Miller: I earned it baby. >> Rep. Janice Hahn: Right. >> Rep. Candice Miller: [Laughs]. >> Colleen Shogan: So now we-- can like open it up to questions from the audience. If you do chose to ask a question, please just be aware that we are videotaping this conversation. So if anybody would like to ask a question, please raise your hand. Take questions at this time. Robert. >> Robert: I'd like to ask the members if there were any books that they've read along the way that influenced their thinking in Congress? Or influenced their thinking about leadership? >> Rep. Candice Miller: I'm not going to say "The Art of the Deal" [laughter]. I don't know if there was ever any one particular book that has influenced me. But-- I don't know if I can answer that question. Really I can't think of one particular book that really influenced me. People more I think. Individual experiences and that. >> Rep. Janice Hahn: So I had fund reading "Game Change". And I had fun reading "This Town." Those were really a little bit behind the scenes political campaigns. And kind of what goes into that and how that translates to actually being in governance. I found those books-- and I enjoy the books that were having our congressional dialogue. >>Rep. Candice Miller: Yes. >>Rep. Janice Hahn: "Lyndon Johnson", "Reagan" and "Kennedy" coming up. I've really enjoyed those to kind of really take us back to the way it was. It was like, again though, in those books it's like where are the women? But-- >> Colleen Shogan: Yup, I did. >> Rep. Janice Hahn: Still those really have in-- have-- reminded me where I am. And reminded me who's gone before me. And reminded me of the, you know, sometimes incredible fights that went on to achieve certain policies for the American people. So I've really enjoyed those. >> Rep. Candice Miller: That's true. The history of this place-- >> Rep. Janice Hahn: I know. >> Rep. Candice Miller: Is sometimes, you know, honestly I'm sure we all have this feeling. You know sometimes in the winter when-- it's days are short. And you're walking across Independence Avenue over here to go vote at the Capitol. And there's the Capitol all lit up and you know you're walking-- you're looking at the lady Freedom Statue. Thinking, "Man you go girl". That's really something, right? >> Rep. Janice Hahn: I know, right? >>Rep. Candice Miller: And you just pinch yourself thinking. "How, what-- am I even-- how did I even get here?" With all the history that has happened here. And really in this Capitol it's quite something. >> Colleen Shogan: Other questions? Anybody else in the audience? >> You spoke to the importance of the diversity in gender in Congress. And I'd like to hear both of you speak to how you think we are doing in terms of diversity and ethnicity in Congress? And what are our losses and gains related to that? >> Rep. Candice Miller: We are not doing particularly well. I don't think. Certainly on my side of the isle, we need to do a much better job. And don't think that we're not all aware of it. I will tell you though, I think in politics generally. I mentioned to you earlier I mean I was the Secretary of State of Michigan. And when I first ran for that job I was running against and older African American incumbent. And the truth-- and here I was running as the first female, right? And really I will tell you in all sincerity. That race-- I don't think anyone ever said. "Oh well we need to vote for him because he's an African American. Or we need to vote for her because she's the woman." It really was about the issues. And I have always thought about that because at some point that's where we need to be as a country, right? Whatever the-- whatever the-- issues are, is always got to be paramount. And you know this is the land of opportunity and all men and women are created equal. So but we need to do a much better job. >> Rep. Janice Hahn: I will say I'm proud of the Democratic caucus. Actually has-- this is I think our first time when we've actually had a majority of minority representation in our Democratic caucus. So we have more women, more African Americans and more Latinos and Asian Americans. Than I think ever before in our caucus so-- but I-- do-- I agree you know. It should be about the issues. And I actually represent a minority district right now. I represent a district that's-- you know, 48% Latino, 28% African American. So I represent a very you know diverse district. But I-- it's sort of like women though. I do believe people come to the table with different experiences. And I think for those, you know, our diverse ethnicity. Our African Americans, our Latinos, our Asian Americans, our LGBT. They come with a different set of experiences and a different perspective. And they have seen life differently and I think that makes for a better congress and a better America. And you do the best you can to represent the people that have elected you. But I do love the different perspectives that come from all over this country. And people who have lived a different life than I have. And I think that makes for better policy. That makes for better judgement. That makes for I think a better understanding of what the American people are wanting from us. >> Colleen Shogan: Any other questions? Oh. Oh David, oh okay, go ahead. I didn't-- >> David Mao: Reflecting-- thank you very much for your presentation today. It was fascinating. Reflecting on your careers though. If you were speaking to a young woman who is starting out in politics today. Whether it be on the local level, state level or even a new member of Congress. What one piece of advice would you give them to think about to guide them along their way? >>Rep. Candice Miller: I would say that they need to find the balance between their professional life and their family. And that they can find that balance. >>Rep. Janice Hahn: How do you do that? >> Rep. Candice Miller: Yeah [laughs]. Well they need to do it. Otherwise and that's-- I think that's why women don't want to do it, right? And often times because not only are they the caregivers for their children. They're usually the caregivers if they have older parents. They're all of these things, right? And then women also have a-- just for whatever reason. Whether it's because of the way we were all raised. We have an aversion to asking somebody for money for us, right? >> Colleen Shogan: Yeah. >> Rep. Candice Miller: You don't mind asking people for money for the local schoolboard. Or the you know the hospital board or something. But for yourself, sometimes you think it's sort of-- you just have to get over all of these things you know. So I just tell women that you know I think they need to think about finding that balance. And that it's important that we do have more women involved. And I actually go-- I try to speak to local high school kids when I can. I have throughout my entire career. Because really if a woman is going to be thinking about a political career. You need to at least plant the seed at that time that politics can be an honorable profession for them to think about. And that they should consider such a thing. And that they might want to go out and think about getting involved in a campaign or-- do something where they hopefully you know. If there's 40 in a room then hopefully there's 1 that will catch the political bug and think about running for something. >>Rep. Janice Hahn: I know. And you know actually you kind of touched on it earlier in something you said. But it is true still to this day women do have an advantage because of the-- trust issue. The-- if there's just a woman and a man on the ballot. Your pollsters will tell you. Women get a couple of points just because we're more believable. And when the negative campaigning comes against us. Less and less voters believe that. They don't believe that about us. That all the things our opponents are saying. So there is still an advantage. If I was giving a woman any kind of advice, particularly if she was coming to Congress. I would say have 2 complete sets of wardrobes [laughter]. Have everything you need at home and everything you need here. Don't be trying to remember what shoes go with what outfit. Because you know they're going to be in the other location [laughter]. But I think seriously I would just remind women to know their value. Know their value. I know Mika Brzezinski does this-- thing every year about women knowing their value. And then mostly women still have a hard time knowing their value and knowing why they're important. And knowing the role that they play. Because when you're-- particularly in Congress when you're in the minority you know. It's you know, it takes a little more courage. It takes a little more bravery to speak up. To think that your idea is really worth you know pushing. That your legislation makes sense. That you know you really are doing a good thing. Because I still think women tend to sometimes not value themselves in the way that our male counterparts do. So it does take a little bravery I think to be back here as a woman. And to speak up and to not be you know in any way intimidated. About the questions that you ask in committees, legislation that you're pushing forward. Because it can be an intimidating place I think sometimes. >> Colleen Shogan: Any further questions? Yes? >> Hi, you both mentioned that some of the friendships that you have made in Congress were particularly important to you. And I was wondering when you were first starting out. If there was a particular person or a particular moment you can remember? Where another woman in Congress really helped you out or showed you the ropes or something like that? >>Rep. Candice Miller: [Laughs] I don't know if there was one-- again one particular moment. But I've had, you know, some good friendships that have been there. Some of the women that I came into to Congress with are no longer here. You know even though people think that we all stay here forever. Actually the truth is there's a lot more turnover than you'd imagine. And some of the women that I've-- that I was good friends with have left on their own. Some got beat. Different things. But I do think women have a tendency to again, whether we're Democrats or Republicans. To talk about our family, the challenges that we're facing at home. I mean you know we have this woman's room, the Lindy Boggs room off the-- which really. It was Boehner who finally put in the ladies room off the-- off the house floor. Not that we need one, okay? [laughter] Because-- you're sort of saying, "Well where's the bathrooms over here? Well, the men's room is over here. I mean what-- is it you're looking for? Okay." But anyway [laughs] but the Lindy Boggs room is sort of where the women go. >> Rep. Janice Hahn: The only room in the Capitol named for a woman. >> Rep. Candice Miller: Yeah, yeah. And-- gosh sometimes when we're here at night voting late. I can remember one member who was on the phone obviously very distraught. And was saying you know-- I don't know whatever was happening. And she said, "You know I'm so far away." And just the anguish and you know women-- you know you've got children, grandchildren. You know your spouses, your family, whatever. It is-- and so I think women have a tendency that-- recognizing that. And want another in challenges that-- and I'm not-- believe I'm not whining about it. I'm just saying that that you know we do have that. So it's just a different situation. >>Rep. Janice Hahn: So when I came here I really hardly knew anybody. I had really not spent that much time coming to Washington DC even for lobbying trips with my City Council. I really did not spend that much time here. So I really didn't know anybody. Well one of the first people I wanted to say hello to and introduce myself was to my Republican colleague, Ted Poe from Texas. Because Ted and I are the only 2 alumnae from Abilene Christian University in Abilene, Texas, that are members of Congress. So I you know went and said hello to Ted. And we've-- we struck up, obviously a conversation based on our shared history with the university. And then I asked him to co-chair-- one of the first things that I did was created a port caucus. You know based on our nation's sea ports. It really had never been done before. And I represented the ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach. And he of course represented a bunch of ports in Texas, Houston area. And I said, "Would you co-chair this port caucus with me?" We now have about 100 members of Congress, both Republicans and Democrats. Some of them who don't even have a port. But they're happy to be in a-- you know, sort of a collegial bipartisan effort. And it was a big thrill 2 years ago when the American Authority of-- Association of Port Authorities named Ted and I as joint port people of the year. So that was really special. You know, speaking of the Lindy Boogs room. So every Wednesday morning at 8:00 AM there is a group of women. Diane Black, Marsha Blackburn, Virginia Fox, Christy [inaudible] and Susan-- Senator Susan Collins and myself. And sometimes my colleague from California Lois Capps and we actually have a bible study in the Lindy Boggs room. And it's you know sometimes we-- pray and read the bible. But mostly it's talking-- >>Rep. Candice Miller: Yeah. >> Rep. Janice Hahn: About our experience here. And having someone who understands what we're going through. And we can talk to them when you can't really-- you know. Because your constituents don't really want to hear you whine about your experience, right? >> Rep. Candice Miller: Right. >> Rep. Janice Hahn: And-- it's not appropriate to complain about your experience with your constituents. But it sure is nice to have some girlfriends even from across the aisle. That you know we share the same rhythm, the experience, the timing. We have the same votes. You know we have the same schedules basically. And it helps to talk to them. So that's been a real special time for me. Now when I tell my Democratic colleagues who is in this. You know, they can't believe that I'm you know hanging out with the likes of those women. But I [laughter] really-- >> Rep. Candice Miller: Well wait until they find out what you did today. >> Rep. Janice Hahn: I know right [laughter] I got to hang out with you. But I find it-- >> Rep. Candice Miller: Don't tell anyone. >> Rep. Janice Hahn: I know. I find it's something that I do for myself. And it helps me get through my week here. >> Rep. Candice Miller: You know what? I just have to make a comment, an observation talking about friends on the other side of the aisle. Because I see my good friend Debbie Dingell from Michigan, who is a freshman member. But she and I go way back. She-- grew up actually in my district. Now she lives further down-- stream, down the Detroit River. But her and I this week in honor of Michigan's History month. Are going to bring in Rosie the Riveters. And you know and South East Michigan was known as the arsenal of democracy. And so many of-- during World War II and these women literally built the armaments that led the entire world to peace. Remarkable women and you hear about all these honor flight coming for World War II. >> Rep. Janice Hahn: Yeah. >> Rep. Candice Miller: And she and I said, "We need to bring these Rosie's". And so the Library of Congress has been very, very helpful in putting together-- well we have some great posters. That we got out of the archives here that we're going to give the Rosie's. And you know they're in their late 80's, 90's remarkable stories. But again something that you can do across the aisle to make an impact in recognition of unbelievable ta-- patriots certainly. >> Colleen Shogan: I see another question. >> Okay I don't really have a question. But I just want to tell you both how much I admire all the women in Congress and in the Senate. I can say just listening to you today. You both have children. You both have grandchildren. And I'm the wife of Rick Allen, George XII so I can tell you now. I like my role as spouse. I don't want to be you. But I [laughter] and I say it a lot. I don't know how you deal with-- I have -- I guilt it on myself. But I heap that guilt here with children back home. And a mother, 94 year old mother and I don't even have to be here. You know I can go home when I need to. But I just admire you all so much. I think it's-- incredible and you both seem to have it-- have it down. So whatever you're doing, I want you to tell me later how you do it [laughter]. Maybe it's because I have to keep up with my husband up here, you think that's it? That's the hard part? >>Rep. Candice Miller: He's a very busy guy. He's a very busy guy. >>Rep. Janice Hahn: And you know that's nice that you're here too with him. It's nice to have your spouse or your family here. I think one of the things that is particularly difficult for a lot of members of congress is when after a really long day. You go home and you shut the door to your apartment. And you are alone. You are not with your family. They are somewhere else. And see those are the times that you know your heart kind of hurts a little bit. That you're not surrounded by hearth and home and a loving family member. So we-- it's nice that you-- I put both my spouse pen's in my hope chest at home [laughter]. >> Colleen Shogan: We have time for one more question. >> About staff, it feels that there are-- I don't know the numbers but anecdotally there a lot of women now who seem to be in senior staff positions in the Congress. And I wonder if you could talk a bit about what impact you see that having? And generally about-- women in staff positions? >> Rep. Candice Miller: You know I don't really know what the percentage is of women staff. But there certainly is a lot-- I'm sure it's a much higher percentage of staff than it is actual members. I mean my Chief of Staff is a woman. My district director is a woman. >> Rep. Janice Hahn: Mine too. >> Rep. Candice Miller: But you know, I have a mix gender wise in both offices. So-- I mean I've always had-- again, I mean I really do look at the qualifications of the individuals. Because guess what? If they're not doing a good job. You know, you're probably going to be out of your own job. And so-- but there are certainly many, many more women now I think in particular senior levels. Chiefs of-- on the committees, staff directors, all of those kinds of things. And that's a very important part of it. I mean staff is the most critical component for any member of congress. >>Rep. Janice Hahn: Yeah so my Chief of Staff is a woman. My scheduler is a woman. My communications director is a woman. My district director is a woman. Actually at one point I was very happy because back here in DC we were all women. We finally had an interloper a guy that we-- [laughter] hired. And he's there. But I do think there's more equality and opportunities at the staff level on the hill is my sense. That there really they're all equals. And some of them have some incredible institutional memory. My chief of staff worked for Barbara Boxer, worked for Jane Harman, did a lot of work in transportation. So she's a real source of information and knowledge for me. Particularly coming from you know Los Angeles and not really being in Washington DC politics. So there is a-- I think there's more equality and more opportunities at the staff level for women. >> Colleen Shogan: Well this has been a tremendous conversation. And would everybody please join me in thanking Chairman Miller and Representative Hahn. >> Rep. Candice Miller: Thank you. Thank you. >> Thank you! [ Applause ] >> This has been a presentation of the Library of Congress. Visit us at


U.S. House of Representatives

Committee assignments

In the 113th Congress, Representative Miller was appointed to serve as chairman of the Committee on House Administration (CHA), and in the 114th Congress she continues to serve as the committee's chair. CHA was established in 1947 and is charged with the oversight of federal elections and the day-to-day operations of the House of Representatives.

The committee has the responsibility to ensure that the House of Representatives runs in an effective and efficient manner, which is vital as we work to meet the many challenges facing this great nation. Most importantly, this committee has jurisdiction over the federal election process, and, as chairman, Representative Miller has been committed to making certain the committee enacts rules to ensure our nation continues to have open, free, and fair elections.

Under her leadership as chairman, the U.S. House received consecutive "clean" audits, demonstrating her commitment to transparency and accountability. She also played a major role in advancing legislation to end the practice of using millions of dollars in taxpayer funding to host political party conventions and, instead, redirected that funding for pediatric research. Working with House officers, she has helped to increase the availability of low-cost digital tools used by the House to improve the House's daily functions and reduce operating costs. She also oversaw the Committee’s review of the report generated by the Bauer-Ginsberg Commission, which focused on utilizing good, local governance over elections and made recommendations on different ideas to help locals election administrators improve upon their own voting processes.[2]

Representative Miller has served on the House Committee on Homeland Security since March 2008. Representative Miller is currently serving as vice chair of the full House Committee on Homeland Security and served as chairman of the Subcommittee on Border and Maritime Security from 2011 until February 2016. She is also serving as a member of the Subcommittee on Counterterrorism and Intelligence.

The federal government's first and foremost responsibility is to provide for our national defense, and our common defense begins with a secure homeland. The committee is charged with oversight of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and ensuring its primary focus remains on the protection of the American people.

As chairman of the Subcommittee on Border and Maritime Security, Representative Miller exercised effective oversight and initiated legislative efforts to ensure our nation's borders are adequately secured against international terrorist organizations, illegal immigration, drug and human smuggling, as well as the exploitation of the legitimate visa process.

During the 113th Congress, Representative Miller championed legislation to formally authorize Customs and Border Protection (CBP) and clarify the security mission of the agency for the first time since the Department of Homeland Security was created in 2002. The legislation passed the House on July 28, 2014. She has also long advocated for ways to strengthen the Department of Homeland Security's ability to identify and stop terrorists with western passports, authoring legislation in that would allow DHS to suspend a country's participation in the U.S. Visa Waiver Program if it fails to provide the U.S. with pertinent traveler information related to terror threats. Additionally, Representative Miller crafted legislation to increase oversight over the maritime security mission of DHS, as well as strengthen maritime security at home and abroad as we trade with our trusted partners.

In the 114th Congress, Representative Miller continued to push needed legislation that helped ensure we implement strong protections for our borders and global supply chain. Our nation's borders can and must be secured, and her goal has been to see that DHS is making progress to confront the threats of terrorism, cyber terrorism, and mismanagement of the department in these areas vital to our national security, and continuing to work towards a secure border and a safer homeland.

Michigan's 10th Congressional District is a border district. It is home to the Blue Water Bridge, which is the second-busiest border crossing on the northern tier; Selfridge Air National Guard Base, which has expanding missions in the area of homeland security; Coast Guard stations at Selfridge, Port Huron, and Harbor Beach; it borders Chemical Valley, which is one of the largest collections of petro-chemical operations in North America; the CN Rail Tunnel, which is the busiest rail artery in the U.S.; and is the genesis of important trade arteries, interstates I-94 and I-69.

Miller focused her efforts on building a stronger presence of homeland security assets at Selfridge, enhancing the security of our airways, roadways, railways, and waterways, in addition to securing our food and water supplies by enhancing Northern Border security.

The Committee on Homeland Security was established in 2002 to provide congressional oversight for the U.S. Department of Homeland Security and better protect the American people against a possible terrorist attack. Many of the programs at Selfridge and the armed service reserves throughout the 10th Congressional District fall under the purview of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security. The Committee on Homeland Security provides oversight for the department and handles issues dealing with transportation security, border and port security, critical infrastructure protection, cyber security, and science and technology, emergency preparedness, emerging threats, intelligence and information sharing, investigations, and management and procurement.[2][4]

In 2007, Representative Miller was appointed to the full House Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure. Representative Miller is also a member of the Subcommittee on Railroads, Pipelines, and Hazardous Materials, the Subcommittee on Water Resources and Environment, as well as the Subcommittee on Aviation. Representative Miller is the only member from Michigan serving on this committee and takes seriously the need to advocate on behalf of Michigan to ensure the state is returned its fair share of tax dollars for many infrastructure needs. She believes all avenues of transportation, whether on land or on the sea, are important to improve, maintain, and support surrounding economic growth.

Michigan's 10th Congressional District is host to the Blue Water Bridge in Port Huron, which is the second most traveled border crossing in North America. It is a vital component of economic expansion not just for the district, but for the region, state, and nation. This committee allows her to offer enhanced oversight and influence to ensure this portal and others like it receive the federal attention they need and deserve.

In 2014, Representative Miller was appointed to the House Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure’s Public-Private Partnership Special Panel. This panel was created to examine the current state of public-private partnerships (P3s) across all modes of transportation, economic development, public buildings, water, and maritime infrastructure and equipment, and make recommendations on balancing the needs of the public and private sectors when considering, developing, and implementing P3 projects to finance the Nation's infrastructure. As the only Michigan Member, her involvement was critical in examining innovative ways that P3s can benefit infrastructure projects in Michigan, such as the expansion of the Customs and Border Plaza at the Blue Water Bridge.

The committee also holds jurisdiction over water quality issues. Throughout her career in public service, protecting the Great Lakes has been one of Representative Miller's principal advocacies. She is a vocal proponent of policy designed to preserve and protect Michigan's most cherished natural resource. During the 113th Congress, as the only member of the committee from the state of Michigan, Miller tirelessly advocated for the Great Lakes during House and conference negotiations of the Water Resources Reform and Development Act (WRRDA) and secured the inclusion of her provision designating all ports and harbors on the Great Lakes as a single, comprehensive navigation system for budgeting purposes – the Great Lakes Navigation System – essentially allowing the Great Lakes ports and harbors to create a unified front when it comes to federal funding.

The committee has jurisdiction over all modes of transportation: aviation, maritime and waterborne transportation, highways, bridges, mass transit, and railroads. The committee also has jurisdiction over other aspects of our national infrastructure, such as clean water and waste water management, the transport of resources by pipeline, flood damage reduction, the management of federally owned real estate and public buildings, the development of economically depressed rural and urban areas, disaster preparedness and response, and hazardous materials transportation.

The committee's broad oversight portfolio includes many federal agencies, including the Department of Transportation, the U.S. Coast Guard, Amtrak, the Environmental Protection Agency, the Federal Emergency Management Agency, the General Services Administration, the Army Corps of Engineers, and others.[2]

For the 110th Congress Miller was appointed to continue her service on the House Armed Services Committee and was added to the Transportation and Infrastructure Committee, which has jurisdiction over not only surface transportation but also water quality issues related to the Great Lakes. Miller was appointed to the House Committee on Homeland Security in March 2008 and has since left the House Armed Services Committee.[citation needed]
During the 108th Congress, the House Ethics Committee sent her letters of admonishment for having improperly attempted to influence the vote of fellow Michigan congressman Nick Smith on the House floor. She later told the Detroit Free Press, " can be intimidated by an overweight middle-age woman, that's too bad."[8]

During the 2003 invasion of Iraq, Miller was a member of the Armed Services committee, and part of a "war room" team that relayed information from the Bush administration to Republican members, the news media, and the public.[9]

Miller is a member of the Congressional Constitution Caucus.[10]

Admonishment by House Ethics Committee

During the 108th Congress, Miller was admonished by the House Ethics Committee for improperly attempting to influence the vote of fellow Michigan Congressman Nick Smith on a Medicare vote.

The subcommittee released a 62-page report ... that admonished Rep. Candice Miller (R-Mich.) and House Majority Leader Tom DeLay (R-Texas) for possibly breaking House rules by offering support for Smith's son in exchange for a vote and threatening retaliation if Smith did not vote for the Medicare bill.[11]

The report ... admonished Rep. Candice S. Miller (R-Mich.) for making comments about Brad Smith during the Nov 22 roll call that appeared to be "a threat of retaliation" for Nick Smith's vote against the bill.

Representative Miller told the Investigative Subcommittee that the first time she spoke to Representative Smith about his vote on the Medicare legislation was on the House floor while the vote was open, after Representative Smith had cast his vote. She estimated that she spoke with him during the first hour of the time that the vote was held open. Representative Miller saw Representative Smith's no vote on the board and she "didn't like the way that he voted." Representative Miller testified that, on her own initiative, she approached Representative Smith and said words to the effect of: "Is this how you're going to vote; or, This is how you're going to vote? And he said, Obviously."

Representative Miller recalled that she responded by saying words to the effect of: "Well, I hope your son doesn't come to Congress, or I'm not going to support your son, or something to that effect." Representative Smith then "rose up out of his seat and said, You get out of here." That was the end of the interaction between the two Members. Representative Miller estimated that the exchange lasted for about ten seconds. She told the Investigative Subcommittee that she did not at any point ask Representative Smith to change his vote on the Medicare legislation.

Representative Smith told the Investigative Subcommittee that Representative Miller specifically threatened to work against his son if he did not change his vote. Representative Smith's recollection was that Representative Miller "came up and said something like, I haven't been involved in this campaign before, but if you don't change your vote, I'll get involved, and I'll make sure Brad isn't elected."[12]

Political positions

Miller is a signatory of Grover Norquist's Taxpayer Protection Pledge, which commits her to oppose tax increases.[13]

Miller sat on the House Select Committee on Energy Independence and Global Warming and has praised President Obama for his stance on off-shore oil exploration.[14] She supports selling oil and gas leases to help fund the research and development of alternative energy projects.[14]

On August 31, 2011, Miller complained about the publication by WikiLeaks (a non-profit document archive organisation) of classified documents purloined from the United States government.

The latest release of stolen American secrets by the organization WikiLeaks once again proves that they are a terrorist operation that puts the lives of Americans and our allies at risk. Particularly contemptible and criminal is the release of the identities of sources of information to our nation from those working against despotic regimes or terrorist organizations. WikiLeaks can no longer say that they are anything more than an organization that aids and abets enemies of freedom. It is long past time for the Obama Administration to take decisive action to shut this criminal operation down and to bring those who steal and release America's secrets and put our allies at risk to justice.[15]

On April 26, 2012, Miller voted for the controversial Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protection Act. It passed the House of Representatives,[16] but did not become law.

In June 2013, Miller introduced legislation, the Great Lakes Navigation System Sustainability Act of 2013 (H.R. 2273), to redefine how the Great Lakes are treated in the competition for United States government harbor maintenance funding, and to create the opportunity for recreational harbors to vie for federal funding as well.[17]

Miller, along with Congresswoman Loretta Sanchez, introduced H.R. 3141, the Biometric Exit Improvement Act of 2013. The bill would implement a biometric exit system that would monitor the exit of foreign visitors. The bill would require the Secretary of Homeland Security to implement a biometric exit system for ten airports and ten seaports, test the system for two years, and then implement the system nationwide.[18][19]

Miller also introduced, on November 14, 2013, H.R. 3487, To amend the Federal Election Campaign Act to extend through 2018 the authority of the Federal Election Commission to impose civil money penalties on the basis of a schedule of penalties established and published by the Commission, to expand such authority to certain other violations, and for other purposes.[20] The bill would allow the FEC to continue to use a fee schedule to impose small fines on things such as late filings.[21]

On January 10, 2014, Miller introduced the United States Customs and Border Protection Authorization Act (H.R. 3846; 113th Congress), a bill that would authorize the Customs and Border Protection (CBP) and its mission and direct the CBP in the United States Department of Homeland Security to establish standard procedures for addressing complaints made against CBP employees and to enhance training for CBP officers and agents.[22][23] Miller said that "Today, the House passed legislation that provides the necessary statutory authorization that will protect the agency's mission by providing our officers and agents proper authorities to carry out their important work."[23]

Miller also introduced a bill, the Visa Waiver Program Improvement Act of 2015 which has been criticized for casting US citizens of Arab, Iranian, and Muslim descent as second-class citizens in their own country – a "legislation that will effectively create two classes of Americans – Americans with Middle Eastern or Muslim background, and Americans without that background".[24]

Miller was ranked as the 71st most bipartisan member of the U.S. House of Representatives during the 114th United States Congress (and the most bipartisan member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Michigan) in the Bipartisan Index created by The Lugar Center and the McCourt School of Public Policy that ranks members of the United States Congress by their degree of bipartisanship (by measuring the frequency each member's bills attract co-sponsors from the opposite party and each member's co-sponsorship of bills by members of the opposite party).[25]

Opposed legislation

The bill Homeowner Flood Insurance Affordability Act of 2013 (H.R. 3370; 113th Congress) passed in the House on March 4, 2014.[26] The bill delayed indefinitely some of the reforms to the deeply indebted National Flood Insurance Program.[26] The primary issue what the premiums should be on home and business owners located in flood zones. Miller opposed the bill and argued that the state of Michigan should opt out of the National Flood Insurance Program entirely and urged the governor to do so. According to Miller, Michigan residents subsidize other, more flood prone parts of the country, by paying higher premiums than they should.[27] Miller suggested insurance premiums of being decided by politics rather than actuarial costs. She said that "too many Americans across this nation are paying rates far below what actual risk would dictate in the marketplace while others, including many who I represent, are being forced to pay into a program that they do not need or want to help subsidize lower rates for other favored groups whose risk is far greater."[27]

Political campaigns


In her first bid for public office, Miller lost to Democrat David E. Bonior for Michigan's 12th congressional district.


Miller was elected Michigan Secretary of State, unseating 6-term incumbent Richard H. Austin. She was the first Republican to serve as secretary of state in Michigan in 40 years since Owen Cleary left office in 1955.


Miller carried every county in Michigan (including Wayne County, home to Detroit) and beat both Democrat Mary Parks and the Reform Party's Perry Spencer by 1 million votes,[28] the largest margin of victory for a candidate running statewide in Michigan.


After the 2000 United States Census, the Michigan Legislature reconfigured the state's congressional map. In the process, they redrew the 10th District, represented by 13-term Democrat David Bonior. The old 10th had been a fairly compact district taking in most of Macomb and St. Clair counties. However, the reconfigured 10th was pushed all the way to the Thumb. In the process, the legislature moved Miller's home in Harrison Township into the district, while shifting Bonior's home in Mount Clemens to the neighboring 12th District. Bonior opted to run for the governor of Michigan rather than run for re-election to the House of Representatives. Miller won the Republican primary, and in the general election in November she handily beat Carl Marlinga, the Macomb County Prosecutor since 1982. Marlinga called himself a "Hubert Humphrey Democrat", and Miller called herself a "George W. Bush Republican." She outraised Marlinga, and secured the Teamsters Union (but not AFL-CIO) endorsement.[8]


Miller faced no opposition in the Republican primary, and was acclaimed as the Republican candidate on August 8, 2006. In the general election Miller was challenged by Democrat Robert Denison and three third-party candidates. Miller defeated Denison 178,843 to 84,574 votes.


Miller was reelected against Democratic candidate Robert Denison, Libertarian candidate Neil Kiernan Stephenson, and Green candidate Candace Caveny.[29]

During the 2008 Presidential election, Miller endorsed Former New York City Mayor Rudy Giuliani for president. At the Michigan Republican convention, she explained, "When deciding what candidate I wanted to be our next President of the United States I knew we needed someone who would continue the fight against terrorism, who has proven leadership and who has the record and experience of managing government and improving the economy. Again and again on the most important issues facing America I came to the same conclusion, that former New York City Mayor Rudy Giuliani is the man we need to lead our nation."

Miller spoke on behalf of Senator John McCain and was a vocal supporter of Governor Sarah Palin. She was a member of Gov. Palin's "truth squad" leading up to the 2008 presidential election.


Miller was challenged by Democratic nominee Henry Yanez, a Sterling Heights firefighter and paramedic. He is currently the chairman of the 10th District Democrats and was a delegate to the 2004 and 2008 Democratic National Conventions.[30] Miller won reelection November 3, 2010 with nearly 72% of the vote, beating Yanez, two minor party candidates, and a write-in.[8][31][32][33]


Miller's choice for chairman of Michigan's 10th congressional district Republican committee[citation needed] lost to her former assistant secretary of state, Stanley Grot, a local Tea Party activist. Grot is chairman of the district committee, clerk of Shelby Township, and formerly a constituent relations representative in the Michigan Attorney General's office. He has been president of the American Polish Cultural Center.[34][35][36][37] After Henry Yanez dropped out to run for a state representative position, two candidates, Jerome Quinn and Chuck Stalder, have declared and will face each other in a primary set for August 7, 2012 to decide who will have the Democratic nomination, and be facing Miller in the 2012 general election.

Post Congressional Career

Macomb County Public Works Commissioner

In March 2015, Miller announced she would not seek re-election to Congress, and resigned at the end of the 114th Congress.[38] Even though she was leaving Congress, Miller insisted that her career in public service was not over.[39]

In March 2016, Miller announced she would seek the Republican nomination for the position of Macomb County Public Works Commissioner, challenging six-term incumbent Democrat Anthony Marrocco.[40]

Miller defeated Marrocco in the general election, taking 55 percent of the vote. Marrocco is the third 24-year incumbent that Miller has defeated in her political career.[3]

On January 1, 2017, her first day as Public Works Commissioner, Miller held a press conference at the site of a sinkhole in Fraser, Michigan. Miller, alongside County Executive Mark Hackel, announced she had spoken with Gov. Rick Snyder about obtaining emergency funds from the state and said that she believed Snyder would tour the site.[41]

2018 Michigan Gubernatorial Election

Miller was considered one of the leading contenders for the Republican nomination in Michigan's 2018 gubernatorial election to succeed term-limited Republican incumbent Rick Snyder[42] She ultimately passed on the race and announced on September 23, 2017, that she was endorsing Michigan Attorney General Bill Schuette, saying "... I think he's actually going to be the next governor."[43]

Personal life

Miller's husband Donald Miller is a retired Circuit Court judge in the 16th Circuit Court for Macomb County. He was a fighter pilot, flew combat missions in Vietnam, commanded the Selfridge Air National Guard Base and retired from the Air National Guard as a colonel. Their daughter is a member of the United Auto Workers Union.[8][44]

Electoral History

Michigan's 12th Congressional District election, 1986
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic David E. Bonior (I) 87,643 66.4
Republican Candice Miller 44,442 33.6
Majority 94,383 34.9 -
Turnout 132,085
Democratic hold
Michigan Secretary of State election, 1998[45]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Candice Miller (I) 2,055,432 67.9
Democratic Mary Lou Parks 938,557 30.9
Reform Perry Kent Spencer 42,897 1.4
Republican hold
Michigan's 10th Congressional District election, 2002[46]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Candice Miller 137,339 63.3 +30.1
Democratic Carl Marlinga 77,053 35.5 -28.9
Libertarian Renae Coon 2,536 1.2 -0.4
Majority 60,286 27.8 -3.4
Turnout 216,928 -23.1
Swing to Republican from Democratic Swing
Michigan's 10th Congressional District election, 2004[47]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Candice Miller (I) 227,720 68.6 +5.3
Democratic Rob Casey 98,029 29.5 -6.0
Libertarian Phoebe A. Basso 3,966 1.2 0
Natural Law Anthony America 2,153 0.7 +0.7
Majority 129,691 39.3 +11.5
Turnout 331,868 +53.0
Republican hold
Michigan's 10th Congressional District election, 2006[48]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Candice Miller (I) 179,072 66.2 -2.4
Democratic Robert Denison 84,689 31.3 +2.8
Libertarian Mark Byrne 2,875 1.1 -0.1
Green Candace Ruth Caveny 1,897 0.7 +0.7
Taxpayers F. Richard Gualdoni 1,888 0.7 +0.7
Majority 94,383 34.9 -4.4
Turnout 270,421 -18.5
Republican hold
Michigan's 10th Congressional District election, 2008[49]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Candice Miller (I) 230,471 66.3 +0.1
Democratic Robert Denison 108,354 31.2 -0.1
Libertarian Neil Kiernan Stephenson 4,632 1.3 +0.2
Green Candace Ruth Caveny 4,146 1.2 +0.5
Majority 122,117 35.1 +0.2
Turnout 347,603 +28.6
Republican hold
Michigan's 10th Congressional District election, 2010[50]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Candice Miller (I) 168,364 72.0 +5.7
Democratic Henry Yanez 58,530 25.0 -6.2
Libertarian Claude Beavers 3,750 1.6 +0.3
Green Candace Ruth Caveny 3,286 1.4 +0.2
Majority 109,834 47.0 +11.9
Turnout 233,930 -32.7
Michigan's 10th Congressional District election, 2012[51]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Candice Miller (I) 226,075 68.8 -3.2
Democratic Chuck Stadler 97,734 29.7 +4.7
Libertarian Bhagwan Dashairya 4,803 1.5 -0.1
Majority 128,341 39.1 -7.9
Turnout 233,930 +40.5
Michigan's 10th Congressional District election, 2014[52]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Candice Miller (I) 157,069 68.7 -0.1
Democratic Chuck Stadler 67,143 29.4 -0.3
Green Harry Mikkelson 4,480 2.0 +2.0
Majority 89,926 39.3 +0.2
Turnout 228,692 =30.4
Macomb County Public Works Commissioner Election, 2016[53]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Candice Miller 216,275 54.6 +54.6
Democratic Anthony Marrocco (I) 179,547 45.4 -54.6
Majority 36,728 +9.2 -90.8
Turnout 395,822 +51.6
Swing to Republican from Democratic Swing

See also


  1. ^ Hotts, Mitch (March 5, 2015). "Rep. Miller's decision not to seek re-election opens door for candidates". Macomb Daily. Retrieved February 5, 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d "Full Biography". Congresswoman Candice Miller. Archived from the original on May 7, 2016. Retrieved March 30, 2016.
  3. ^ a b Christina Hall (November 9, 2016). "Miller trounces incumbent Marrocco in Macomb public works race". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved November 16, 2016.
  4. ^ a b "About Candice". Retrieved October 24, 2016.
  5. ^ Zoe Clark (March 5, 2015). "GOP Congresswoman Candice Miller announces she will not seek reelection in 2016". Michigan Radio. Retrieved March 5, 2015.
  6. ^ "RESIGNATION FROM THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES". Congressional Record. December 5, 2016. Retrieved January 4, 2017.
  7. ^ "Committees and Caucuses". December 13, 2012. Archived from the original on June 29, 2014. Retrieved October 24, 2016.
  8. ^ a b c d Barone, Michael; McCutcheon, Chuck (2010). The Almanac of American Politics. Washington, D.C.: The University of Chicago Press, National Journal Group, and Atlantic Media Company. pp. 848–850. ISBN 978-0-226-03807-0. LCCN 2011929193.
  9. ^ "Rumblings". Crain's Detroit Business. 26. March 24, 2003. GALE|A99164199. Retrieved May 9, 2012 – via Gale Biography In Context. (subscription required)
  10. ^ "Members". Congressional Constitution Caucus. Retrieved May 9, 2018.
  11. ^ "Ethics Panel Rebukes DeLay (". Retrieved October 24, 2016.
  12. ^ "Investigation of Certain Allegations Related to Voting on the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003 – House Committee on Ethics". Retrieved October 24, 2016.
  13. ^ "The Taxpayer Protection Pledge Signers – 112th Congressional List" (PDF). Washington, D. C.: Americans for Tax Reform. September 14, 2011. Retrieved May 9, 2012.
  14. ^ a b Oosting, Jonathan (April 1, 2010). "Olive branch to GOP? Republican Candice Miller praises Obama's off-shore oil plan". MLive. Retrieved February 21, 2012.
  15. ^ "WikiLeaks is a Terrorist Operation". RepWatch. Carmen Reynolds, editor in chief. August 31, 2011. Archived from the original on March 31, 2012. Retrieved May 9, 2012.CS1 maint: others (link)[unreliable source?]
  16. ^ "H R 3523 Recorded Vote". April 26, 2012. Retrieved May 8, 2012.
  17. ^ Miller, Candice (June 22, 2013). "Candice Miller: Bipartisan legislation aims to aid Great Lakes waterways". The Times Herald. Retrieved July 27, 2013.
  18. ^ Harrison, Julie (September 25, 2013). "Miller, Sanchez introduce Biometric Exit Improvement Act". The Ripon Advane. Archived from the original on September 26, 2013. Retrieved September 30, 2013.
  19. ^ "Rep. Miller Introduces Biometric Exit System Bill to Strengthen our Nation's Border Security (press release)". Office of U.S. Congresswoman Candice Miller. Archived from the original on November 2, 2013. Retrieved September 30, 2013.
  20. ^ "H.R. 3487 – Summary". United States Congress. Retrieved November 18, 2013.
  21. ^ Kasperowicz, Pete (November 18, 2013). "House votes to boost transparency in federal spending". The Hill. Retrieved November 19, 2013.
  22. ^ "CBO – H.R. 3846". Congressional Budget Office. Retrieved July 27, 2014.
  23. ^ a b "House Passes Legislation To Authorize CBP, Assess TWIC Program". Homeland Security Today. July 28, 2014. Retrieved July 29, 2014.
  24. ^ "Trump is a symptom not the disease". Retrieved October 24, 2016.
  25. ^ The Lugar Center – McCourt School Bipartisan Index (PDF), The Lugar Center, March 7, 2016, retrieved April 30, 2017
  26. ^ a b Kasperowicz, Pete (March 4, 2014). "House retreats from 2012 flood reforms". The Hill. Retrieved March 6, 2014.
  27. ^ a b Jones, Stephanie K. (March 5, 2014). "U.S. Congresswoman: Flood Insurance Bill Bad for Michigan". Insurance Journal. Retrieved March 6, 2014.
  28. ^ "Election Results November 03, 1998 Secretary of State 4 Year Term". Michigan Secretary of State. February 9, 1999. Archived from the original on June 15, 2009. Retrieved May 9, 2012.
  29. ^ "Election Results November 04, 2008 10th District Representative in Congress". Michigan Secretary of State. December 30, 2008. Retrieved May 9, 2012.
  30. ^ Henry Yanez for Congress Archived February 24, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  31. ^ "Election Results at".
  32. ^ "2010 Michigan Election Map 2012: Live Voting Results". May 8, 2012. Retrieved May 9, 2012.
  33. ^ "Election Results November 02, 2010 10th District Representative in Congress". Michigan Secretary of State. March 2, 2011. Archived from the original on January 29, 2014. Retrieved May 9, 2012.
  34. ^ Gizzi, John (May 17, 2011). "There's Lots of Opportunity Here". Human Events. Retrieved May 10, 2012. ... Stanley Grot, longtime GOP activist in Macomb County. "He came to talk to our Tea Party group ...
  35. ^ "Officers and Members of the Republican 10th Congressional District Committee". Michigan 10th Congressional District Republicans. Retrieved May 10, 2012. Grot, Stanley Chair, Issues Committee, Macomb
  36. ^ Kaszubski, Debra (April 26, 2012). "Clerk Stanley Grot Hosts First Citizens Advisory Meeting. Residents discuss roads, recreation, funds, current board, more during sometimes heated gathering". Shelby-Utica: Patch Media. Retrieved May 10, 2012.
  37. ^ Maria Wojnaroski V. Stanley Grot,  257899 (State of Michigan Court of Appeals February 23, 2006).
  38. ^ Todd Spangler and Kathleen Gray (March 5, 2015). "U.S. Rep. Candice Miller won't seek 8th term". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved May 31, 2016.CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link)
  39. ^ Nolan Finley and Ingrid Jacques (September 20, 2015). "Candice Miller tests waters for a gov run in Michigan". Detroit News. Retrieved May 31, 2016.CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link)
  40. ^ Todd Spangler (March 23, 2016). "Candice Miller seeks job overseeing Macomb water issues". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved May 31, 2016.
  41. ^ Emma Ockerman (January 1, 2017). "Candice Miller reaches out for help in Fraser sinkhole mess". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved January 4, 2017.
  42. ^ Tim Skubick (April 12, 2015). "Candice Miller's name as a potential GOP governor candidate makes the race interesting". MLive. Retrieved May 30, 2016.
  43. ^ Jonathan Oosting (September 23, 2017). "Candice Miller backs Schuette for Michigan governor". Detroit News. Retrieved September 24, 2017.
  44. ^ "Our Judges". Macomb County Veterans' Treatment Court. Archived from the original on December 17, 2012. Retrieved May 9, 2012. Judge Don Miller was born in Grand Rapids, Michigan on June 17, 1938. After high school, he attended Michigan State University, majoring in physics and enrolling in Air Force ROTC. He graduated in 1969 with a Bachelor of Science degree and a commission as a second lieutenant in the USAF.
  45. ^ "1998 Michigan Election Results". Michigan Department of State. September 28, 2016. Retrieved January 5, 2017.
  46. ^ "2002 Michigan Election Results". Michigan Department of State. September 28, 2016. Retrieved January 5, 2017.
  47. ^ "2004 Michigan Election Results". Michigan Department of State. September 28, 2016. Retrieved January 5, 2017.
  48. ^ "2006 Michigan Election Results". Michigan Department of State. September 28, 2016. Retrieved January 9, 2017.
  49. ^ "2008 Michigan Election Results". Michigan Department of State. September 28, 2016. Retrieved January 9, 2017.
  50. ^ "2010 Michigan Election Results". Michigan Department of State. September 28, 2016. Retrieved January 9, 2017.
  51. ^ "2012 Michigan Election Results". Michigan Department of State. September 28, 2016. Retrieved January 9, 2017.
  52. ^ "2014 Michigan Election Results". Michigan Department of State. September 28, 2016. Retrieved January 9, 2017.
  53. ^ "Election Results – Treasurer One 4-year term". Macomb County Clerk/Register of Deeds. November 9, 2016. Retrieved January 9, 2017.

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Richard Austin
Secretary of State of Michigan
Succeeded by
Terri Lynn Land
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
David Bonior
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Michigan's 10th congressional district

Succeeded by
Paul Mitchell
Preceded by
Dan Lungren
Chair of the House Administration Committee
Succeeded by
Gregg Harper
This page was last edited on 5 July 2019, at 14:36
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