To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

List of treaties

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The oldest known surviving peace treaty in the world, the Egyptian–Hittite peace treaty preserved at the Temple of Amun in Karnak
The oldest known surviving peace treaty in the world, the Egyptian–Hittite peace treaty preserved at the Temple of Amun in Karnak

This list of treaties contains known agreements, pacts, peaces, and major contracts between states, armies, governments, and tribal groups.

Before AD 1200

Year Name Summary
c. 3100 BC (Lagash and Umma of Mesopotamia) Border agreement between the Eannatum of Lagash and Umma in Mesopotamia, inscribed on a stone block, setting a prescribed boundary between their two states.[1]
c. 1259 BC Egyptian–Hittite peace treaty Treaty between the Egyptian pharaoh Ramses II and the Hittite monarch Hattusili III after the Battle of Kadesh.[2][3]
c. 493 BC Foedus Cassianum[note 1] Ends the war between the Roman Republic and the Latin League, creates an alliance between the two.[4]
c. 449 BC Peace of Callias Purported treaty that ended the Greco-Persian Wars.
445 BC Thirty Years' Peace Ends the First Peloponnesian War between Athens and Sparta.[5]
421 BC Peace of Nicias[note 2] Athens and Sparta end the first phase of the Peloponnesian War.
387 BC Peace of Antalcidas Sets the boundaries of Greek and Persian territory. Ended the Corinthian War.[6]
241 BC Treaty of Lutatius Ends the First Punic War.[7]
226 BC Ebro Treaty Establishes the Ebro River in Iberia as the boundary line between the Roman Republic and Carthage.
215 BC Macedonian–Carthaginian Treaty Establishes an anti-Roman alliance between Philip V of Macedon and Hannibal of Carthage.
205 BC Treaty of Phoenice Ends the First Macedonian War.[8]
196 BC Treaty of Tempe Ends the Second Macedonian War.
188 BC Treaty of Apamea Between the Roman Republic and Antiochus III (the Great), ruler of the Seleucid Empire.[9]
161 BC Roman–Jewish Treaty Establishes friendship between Judas Maccabeus and the Roman Republic.[10]
85 BC Treaty of Dardanos Ends the First Mithridatic War.[11]
387 Peace of Acilisene Between the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire and the Sassanian Persian Empire. Divided Kingdom of Armenia between the two.[12]
532 The Eternal Peace Between the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire and the Sassanian Persian Empire.
562 The Fifty-Year Peace Between the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire and the Sassanian Persian Empire. Ended a 20-year war over the Kingdom of Lazica.[13]
587 Treaty of Andelot[note 3] Between Frankish rulers Guntram and Brunhilda; Guntram adopts Brunhilda's son Childebert II.
628 Treaty of Hudaybiyyah Between Muslims and the Quraish.[14]
641 The Bakt Between Nubia and Egypt.
713 Treaty of Orihuela[note 4] Establishes a dhimmi over the Christian inhabitants of Orihuela.[15]
716 Byzantine–Bulgarian Treaty of 716 Officially ends the Battle of Anchialus and establishes the borders between Byzantium and the Bulgarian Empire.
783 Peace treaty between China and Tibet (783) Peace treaty between Tang China and the Tibetan Empire.
803 Pax Nicephori Peace between Charlemagne and the Byzantine Empire; recognizes Venice as Byzantine territory.[16]
811 Treaty of Heiligen Sets the southern boundary of Denmark at the Eider River.[17]
815 Byzantine–Bulgarian Treaty of 815 Ends prolonged series of conflicts between the Bulgarian Empire and the Byzantine Empire in Bulgarian favour.
822 Peace treaty between China and Tibet (822)[18] Ends a conflict between Tang China and the Tibetan Empire.
836 Pactum Sicardi Peace between the Duchy of Naples and the Principality of Salerno under Sicard.[19]
843 Treaty of Verdun Partitions the Carolingian Empire.[20]
870 Treaty of Mersen Further partitions the Carolingian Empire.[21]
878–890 Treaty of Alfred and Guthrum Between Alfred of Wessex and Guthrum, the Viking ruler of East Anglia.[22]
907 Rus'–Byzantine Treaty (907) Regulates the status of the colony of Rus' merchants in Constantinople.
911 Rus'–Byzantine Treaty (911) Between the Byzantine Empire and Kievan Rus'.
Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte Charles the Simple grants Normandy to Rollo.[23]
921 Treaty of Bonn West Francia and East Francia both recognize each other.[24]
945 Rus'–Byzantine Treaty (945) Between the Byzantine Empire and Kievan Rus'.
1004 Chanyuan Treaty Establishes relations between the Northern Song and Liao Dynasties.[25]
1018 Peace of Bautzen Between Holy Roman Emperor Henry II and Duke Bolesław I the Brave of Poland.[26]
1033 Peace of Merseburg Between Holy Roman Emperor Conrad II and Duke Mieszko II of Poland.
1059 Treaty of Melfi Pope Nicholas II recognizes Norman influence in southern Italy.
1080 Treaty of Ceprano Pope Gregory VII establishes an alliance with Robert Guiscard and recognizes his conquests.
1082 Byzantine–Venetian Treaty of 1082 Byzantium grants trade concessions to Venice in return for military aid against the Normans.[27]
1091 Treaty of Caen Ends rivalry between William II of England and Duke Robert Curthose of Normandy.[28]
1101 Treaty of Alton Robert Curthose recognizes Henry I as King of England.
1108 Treaty of Devol The Principality of Antioch becomes a nominal vassal of the Byzantine Empire.[29]
1122 Pactum Calixtinum Between Pope Callixtus II and Holy Roman Emperor Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor.
1123 Pactum Warmundi The crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem allies with Venice.
1139 Treaty of Mignano Roger II of Sicily recognised as king by the legitimate Pope Innocent II.
1141 Treaty of Shaoxing Ends conflicts between the Jin Dynasty and Southern Song Dynasty.
1143 Treaty of Zamora Recognises Portuguese independence from the Kingdom of León.[30]
1151 Treaty of Tudilén[note 5] Recognises the conquests of the Crown of Aragon south of the Júcar and recognises future conquests in Murcia.[31]
1153 Treaty of Wallingford[note 6] Officially ends The Anarchy between Empress Matilda and her cousin Stephen of England.
Treaty of Constance[note 7] Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor, and Pope Eugene III agree to defend Italy against Manuel I Comnenus.
1156 Treaty of Benevento Peace between the Papacy and the Kingdom of Sicily.[32]
1158 Treaty of Sahagún (1158) Between Sancho III of Castile and Ferdinand II of León.[33]
1170 Treaty of Sahagún (1170) Between Alfonso VIII of Castile and Alfonso II of Aragon.[34]
1175 Treaty of Windsor (1175) Between King Henry II of England and the last High King of Ireland, Rory O'Connor during Norman expansion in Ireland.[35]
1177 Treaty of Venice[note 8] Peace between the Papacy, the Lombard League, the Kingdom of Sicily, and the Holy Roman Emperor, Frederick Barbarossa.[36]
1179 Treaty of Cazorla[note 9] Defines the zones of conquest in Andalusia between Aragon and Castile.
1183 Peace of Constance[note 10] Peace between the Lombard League and the Holy Roman Emperor, Frederick Barbarossa. Reaffirms the Peace of Venice.[37]
1192 Treaty of Jaffa Ends the Third Crusade.[38]


Year Name Summary
1200 Treaty of Le Goulet John of England and Philip II of France make peace. Marriage between Blanche of Castile and Louis VIII of France.[39]
1204 Partitio terrarum imperii Romaniae Agreement between the participants of the Fourth Crusade on the division of the Byzantine Empire. Establishment of the Latin Empire.[40]
1209 Treaty of Speyer Otto IV renounces the Concordat of Worms.
1212 Golden Bull of Sicily Determines the rights and duties of the Bohemian monarchs.[41]
1214 Treaty of Nymphaeum Establishes peace between the Nicaean Empire and the Latin Empire.
Treaty of Chinon Between King John of England and Philip II of France.[42]
1215 Magna Carta Between King John of England and his subjects.[43]
1217 Treaty of Lambeth Between Louis VIII of France and Henry III of England.
1218 Golden Charter of Bern Establishes Bern as an independent state.
1219 Nicaean–Venetian Treaty of 1219 Grants Venetians freedom of trade and duty-free imports throughout the Nicaean Empire in exchange for non-support for the Latin Empire.
1220 Treaty with the Princes of the Church[note 11] Between Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II and German bishops.
1222 Golden Bull of 1222 Andrew II of Hungary grants Hungarian nobles the power to disobey the king when he acted contrary to the law.[44]
1226 Treaty of Melun Forces the counts of Flanders to swear fealty to the French crown.[45]
Golden Bull of Rimini Resolves disputes over Chełmno Land.[46]
1229 Treaty of Paris (1229) Officially ends the Albigensian Crusade.[47]
1230 Treaty of San Germano Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II restores Sicily to Pope Gregory IX.
Treaty of Ceprano (1230) Establishes lines of reconciliation between Pope Gregory IX and Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II.
Treaty of Kruszwica Konrad I of Masovia grants Chełmno Land to the Prussians and the Order of Dobrzyń.[48]
1234 Golden Bull of Rieti Recognizes Kulmerland (Chełmno Land) as subject to the Pope's authority and not as a fief belonging to anyone.[49]
1236 Treaty of Kremmen The Margraviate of Brandenburg gains most of the territory and the right of succession for Pomerania-Demmin.[50]
Treaty of Stensby Between King Valdemar II of Denmark and the Teutonic Order. Transferred northern maritime Estonia to the Kingdom of Denmark in exchange for military support.[51]
1237 Treaty of York A feudal agreement between Henry III of England and Alexander III of Scotland.[52]
1244 Treaty of Almizra[note 12] Establishes the borders of the Kingdom of Valencia.
Treaty of Xàtiva Permits the Moors of Spain to hold on to the Xativa Castle for two years before relinquishing it to King James I of Aragon.
1245 Al-Azraq Treaty Between the King James I of Aragon and the Muslim commander Mohammad Abu Abdallah Ben Hudzail al Sahuir.
1249 Treaty of Christburg Establishes peace between the pagan Prussian clans and the Teutonic Knights.[53]
Treaty of Lödöse Prevents mutual hostility between the Kingdom of Sweden and the Kingdom of Norway from escalating into war.
1250 Treaty of Landin Succession of Pomerania-Demmin: The Margraviate of Brandenburg's rights are dropped in favour of Pomerania-Stettin.[54]
1258 Treaty of Corbeil Establishes a border between France and the Crown of Aragon.[55]
Provisions of Oxford Between King Henry III, of England and his Barons. Established a permanent baronial council and parliaments.[56]
1259 Treaty of Paris[note 13] Between Louis IX of France and Henry III of England.[57]
1261 Treaty of Nymphaeum A trade and defense pact between the Nicaean Empire and the Republic of Genoa.[58]
1262 Old Covenant Between the major chieftains of Iceland and Haakon IV of Norway. The signing brought about the union of Iceland with Norway.[59]
1265 Treaty of Pipton Established alliance between Prince Llywelyn ap Gruffudd of Wales and Simon de Montford during the Second Barons' War.
1266 Dictum of Kenilworth Ends hostilities between the supporters of Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester and Henry III of England; comes into effect in 1267.
Treaty of Perth Terms of sovereignty over the Western Isles, the Isle of Man, and the Northern Isles agreed between Norway and Scotland.[60]
1267 Treaty of Badajoz King Alfonso X and King Afonso III agree to use the Guadiana River as the boundary line separating Castile and Portugal.[61]
Treaty of Montgomery Henry III of England acknowledges Llywelyn ap Gruffudd's title as the 'Prince of Wales'.
Treaty of Viterbo Grants Charles I of Anjou claims to the defunct Latin Empire.[62]
1271 Peace of Pressburg[note 14] Ends war between Bohemia and Hungary.
1277 Treaty of Aberconwy Between King Edward I of England and Llewelyn the Last of Wales.
1278 Paréage of Andorra 1278 Between the Count of Foix, Roger-Bernard III, and the Bishop of Urgell, Pere d'Urtx, establishing their joint-sovereignty over the territory of Andorra.[63]
1281 Treaty of Orvieto Between Charles I of Sicily, the Republic of Venice, and Philip of Courtenay; attempts to recover the Latin Empire.[64]
1283 Treaty of Rheinfelden Duke Rudolph II of Austria surrenders power to his older brother Albert I of Germany.
Rostock Peace Treaty Between 8 Hanseatic towns in the Baltic region, the dukes of Saxony and Pomerania, the prince of Rügen, the lords of Schwerin and Dannenberg and the nobility of Rostock.
1289–1290 Treaty of Birgham Attempts to end competing claims between the House of Balliol and the House of Bruce for the Scottish throne; never comes into effect.[65]
1291 Treaty of Tarascon Ends the Aragonese Crusade.
1295 Auld Alliance Scotland and France forge the first treaty of mutual self-defense against England.[66]
Treaty of Anagni Reaffirms the Treaty of Tarascon, but fails to diplomatically settle the Sicilian question.


Year Name Summary
1302 Peace of Caltabellotta Ends the War of the Sicilian Vespers.[67]
1303 Treaty of Paris (1303) Restores Gascony to England from France during the Hundred Years' War.
1304 Treaty of Torrellas[note 15] Brought peace to Castile and Aragon and divided up the Kingdom of Murcia between them.
1305 Treaty of Athis-sur-Orge France acquires the cities of Lille, Douai, and Béthune and Flanders retains its independence.
Treaty of Elche Modifies the Treaty of Torrellas and grants Cartagena to Castile.
1309 Treaty of Soldin (1309) The Teutonic Order purchases from Margrave Waldemar of Brandenburg-Stendal the rights to Pomerelia and Danzig (Gdańsk).[68]
1317 Treaty of Templin Ascanians surrender the territories of Schlawe-Stolp to the Pomeranians.[69]
1323 Treaty of Nöteborg[note 16] Sets the boundary between Sweden and Novgorod Republic.[70]
Treaty of Paris Count Louis of Flanders relinquishes Flemish claims over Zeeland.
1326 Treaty of Corbeil Renews the Auld Alliance between France and Scotland.
Treaty of Novgorod End decades of border skirmishes at the border of Norway and Novgorod Republic.
1328 Treaty of Edinburgh–Northampton Between Edward III of England and the Scots.
1329 Treaty of Pavia (1329) Between Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor and his nephews.
1338 Declaration of Rhense[note 17] German princes elect German kings without the consent of the Papacy.
1340 Truce of Espléchin Between the English and French crowns during the Hundred Years' War.
1343 Treaty of Kalisz (1343) Between King Casimir III the Great of Poland and the Teutonic Knights.
1348 Treaty of Namslau Between King Charles IV of Bohemia and King Casimir III of Poland.
1354 Treaty of Stralsund (1354) Settles border disputes between the duchies of Mecklenburg and Pomerania.
Treaty of Mantes First peace between Charles II of Navarre and John II of France.
1355 Treaty of Valognes Second peace between Charles II of Navarre and John II of France.
Treaty of Paris (1355) Recognizes the annexation of the Barony of Gex by the county of Savoy.
1358 Treaty of Zadar The Republic of Venice loses influence over territories in Dalmatia.
1359 Treaty of London (1359)[note 18] Cedes western France to England; repudiated by the Estates-General in Paris.
1360 Treaty of Brétigny Ends the first phase of the Hundred Years' War.
1370 Treaty of Stralsund (1370) Ends the war between the Hanseatic League and Denmark.
1371 Treaty of Vincennes-Edinburgh Renewal of the Auld Alliance between the Kingdoms of France and Scotland.
1373 Anglo-Portuguese Treaty of 1373 Treaty of alliance between King Edward III of England and King Ferdinand I and Queen Eleanor of Portugal; it is the oldest treaty still in force.
1379 Treaty of Neuberg Divides Habsburg lands between Dukes Albert III and Leopold III.
1380 Treaty of Dovydiškės Jogaila signs a secret peace treaty with the Teutonic Knights against Kęstutis.
1382 Treaty of Dubysa[note 19] Jogaila promises to convert the Grand Duchy of Lithuania to Christianity, cede Samogitia, and establish a four-year alliance with the Teutonic Knights; never comes into effect.
1384 Treaty of Königsberg (1384) Vytautas agreed to cede Samogitia to the Teutonic Knights in exchange for their support in the war against Jogaila, but the treaty was later broken
1385 Union of Krewo[note 20] Establishes a dynastic union between Poland and Lithuania.
1386 Treaty of Windsor (1386) Renews the Anglo-Portuguese Alliance.
1390 Treaty of Königsberg (1390) Establishes alliance between Vytautas the Great and the Teutonic Order.
1390 Treaty of Lyck Vytautas agreed to cede Samogitia to the Teutonic Knights in exchange for their support in the war against Jogaila, but the treaty was again broken
1392 Ostrów Agreement Vytautas and Jogaila made peace, but attacks from the Teutonic Knights continued as a result of the Samogitian dispute
1397 Treaty of Kalmar Establishes the Kalmar Union; becomes null and void in 1523.
1398 Treaty of Salynas Vytautas the Great cedes Samogitia to the Teutonic Knights.


Year Name Summary
1401 Pact of Vilnius and Radom Reaffirms the Union of Krewo and grants autonomy to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.
1411 First Peace of Thorn Ends the Polish–Lithuanian–Teutonic War.
1412 Treaty of Lubowla Between Władysław II of Poland and Sigismund of Luxemburg, king of Hungary.
Compromise of Caspe Between the crowns of Aragon and Castile, ensuring the access of the royal House of Trastámara to the Aragonese crown, thus eventually uniting Spain.
Peace of Baden Signed by the Swiss Confederation and Frederick IV, Duke of Austria, (broken after 2 years by the Swiss)
Treaty of Bourges some provinces were to be given to Henry IV of England
1413 Union of Horodło[note 21] Reaffirms the Union of Krewo and the Pact of Vilnius and Radom; permits Lithuania to have a separate Grand Duke and parliament.
1416 Ottoman–Venetian maritime treaty (1416) Maritime trade rights to Republic of Venice
1420 Treaty of Troyes Attempt to pass the French throne to England.
1422 Treaty of Melno The Teutonic Knights relinquish Nieszawa to Poland and all claims to Samogitia and northern Lithuania to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania; Poland renounces claims to Pomerelia, Culmerland, and the Michelauer Land east of Culmerland.
1424 Edict of Wieluń Outlaws Hussitism in the Kingdom of Poland.
1428 Treaty of Delft[note 22] Ends hostilities between England and Flanders.
1431 Treaty of Medina del Campo (1431) Peace between Portugal and Castile; ratified in Almeirim in 1432.
1432 Union of Grodno (1432)[note 23] Reinforces the Polish–Lithuanian union.
1433 Truce of Łęczyca Mitigates hostilities in the Polish–Teutonic War (1431–35) between the Kingdom of Poland and the Teutonic Order in Łęczyca.
1435 Treaty of Arras (1435) Reconciles a longstanding feud between King Charles VII of France and Philip, Duke of Burgundy.
Peace of Brześć Kujawski Ends the Polish–Teutonic War (1431–35).
1441 Treaty of Copenhagen (1441)[note 24] Christopher of Bavaria crushed a great peasant rebellion in Northern Jutland; Baltic Sea is opened to Dutch traders.
1443 Treaty of Gyehae Between the Joseon dynasty and Sō clan (lord of Tsushima Province); controls Japanese piracy and legitimizes trade between Tsushima Island and a Korean port.
1444 Peace of Szeged[note 25] Between the Kingdom of Hungary and the Ottoman Empire.
1450 Treaty of Bergen Between Norway and Denmark.
1454 Treaty of Lodi[note 26] Peace between Milan, Florence and Venice.
Treaty of Cölln State of the Teutonic Order pawns Neumark to Electorate of Brandenburg
Treaty of Constantinople between the Ottoman Empire and the Republic of Venice
1455 Treaty of Mewe State of the Teutonic Order sells Neumark to Electorate of Brandenburg
1456 Treaty of Yazhelbitsy Establishes peace between Vasili II and the people of Novgorod.
1460 Treaty of Ribe Defines status of Schleswig and Holstein.
1462 Treaty of Westminster (1462)[note 27] Divides Scotland between King Edward IV of England and the Earl of Douglas.
1464 Treaty of York (1464) Aligns James III of Scotland with Yorkist England
1465 Treaty of Conflans[note 28] Officially ends the Guerre folle (Mad War).
1466 Second Peace of Thorn (1466)[note 29] Ends the Thirteen Years' War between Poland and the Teutonic Knights.
Treaty of Soldin (1466) Duchy of Pomerania becomes a nominal fief of the Electorate of Brandenburg. Implementation failed, war ensued.
1468 Treaty of Péronne (1468) Between Duke Charles I of Burgundy and King Louis XI of France.
1472 Treaty of Prenzlau Declares Albert III, Elector of Brandenburg, ruler of PomeraniaStettin.
1474 Treaty of Utrecht (1474) Ends the Anglo-Hanseatic War between England and the Hanseatic League led by Lübeck and Danzig.
Treaty of London (1474) Charles the Bold of Burgundy agrees to support Edward IV's planned invasion of France.
1475 Treaty of Picquigny Louis XI pays Edward IV to stay in England and not pursue his claim to the French throne.
1478 Treaty of Brno (1478) Divides Bohemian territories between Ladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary and Matthias Corvinus.
1479 Peace of Olomouc Ratifies the Treaty of Brno (1478).
Treaty of Alcáçovas[note 30] Between the Kingdom of Castile and Portugal; ends the Castilian Civil War begun in 1474.
Treaty of Constantinople (1479) Officially ends the fifteen-year war between Venice and the Ottoman Empire.
1482 Treaty of Fotheringhay Edward IV of England undertook to place the Duke of Albany on his brother's throne of Scotland.
Treaty of Arras (1482) Between King Louis XI of France and the governments of the Low Countries.
Treaty of Münsingen Count Eberhard V reunites the divided County of Württemberg and declares it indivisible.
1484 Treaty of Bagnolo Ends the War of Ferrara (1482–1484) between Ercole d'Este I and Pope Sixtus IV along with his Venetian allies.
1485 Treaty of Leipzig Divides Saxony between Ernest, Elector of Saxony and Albert, Duke of Saxony.
1488 Treaty of Sablé[note 31] Duke Francis I of Brittany becomes a vassal of King Charles VIII of France.
1489 Treaty of Medina del Campo (1489) Primarily a marriage contract between Arthur Tudor and Catherine of Aragon.
Treaty of Frankfurt (1489) Between Maximilian of Austria and the envoys of King Charles VIII of France.
Treaty of Dordrecht (1489) Establishes an alliance between Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I and King Henry VII of England.
Treaty of Redon Henry VII of England grants Lord Daubeney of Brittany 6000 English troops.
1490 Treaty of Woking (Okyng) Between King Henry VII of England, and Queen Isabella I of Castile and King Ferdinand II of Aragon, by the Ambassador in London, Dr Rodrigo Gonzalez de la Puebla; for the marriage of Catherine of Aragon to Arthur, Prince of Wales
1491 Peace of Pressburg (1491) Defines the future succession of the Austrian and Hungarian kingdoms.
Treaty of Granada (1491)[note 32] Relinquishes the sovereignty of the Moorish Kingdom of Granada to Spain.
1492 Peace of Etaples Ends war between England and France.
1493 Treaty of Barcelona France cedes Roussillon and Cerdagne to Spain in return for Spanish neutrality during its war with Italy.
Treaty of Senlis France cedes the Free County of Burgundy, the County of Artois, Charolais, France and the Low Countries to the House of Habsburg.
Treaty of Pyritz preliminary end to the Brandenburg-Pomeranian conflict
1494 Treaty of Tordesillas Divides the world between Spain and Portugal.
1496 Intercursus Magnus Resolves some trade wars between England and the Netherlands.
1497 Treaty of Ayton Seven year peace between England and Scotland under the arbitration of Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain.
1499 Treaty of Basel (1499) Concludes the Swabian War fought between the Swabian League and the Old Swiss Confederacy.


Year Name Summary
1500 Treaty of Granada King Ferdinand II of Aragon agrees to support French claims over the Kingdom of Naples.
1501 Treaty of Trente Austria recognises all French conquests in northern Italy.
1502 Treaty of Perpetual Peace Ends hostilities between England and Scotland; void in 1513.
1504 Treaty of Blois Temporarily halts the Italian Wars.
Treaty of Lyons Louis XII of France cedes Naples to Ferdinand II of Aragon.
1506 Treaty of Windsor (Intercursus Malus) Arranged the return of the Duke of Suffolk to England from Burgundy and a marriage agreement between Henry VII and sister of Philip, Duke of Burgundy.
1511 Treaty of Westminster Treaty of alliance between Henry VIII of England and Ferdinand II of Aragon against France.
1516 Peace of Noyon Divides Italy between France and Spain.
1517 Treaty of Rouen Attempts to renew the Auld Alliance.
1518 Treaty of London Establishes a non-aggression pact between France, England, Holy Roman Empire, the Papacy, Spain, Burgundy and the Netherlands.
1521 Treaty of Bruges Treaty between England and the Holy Roman Empire during the Italian War of 1521–1526
1522 Treaty of Windsor Between Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, and Henry VIII of England; its main clause was the invasion of France.
1524 Treaty of Malmö Ends the Swedish War of Liberation.
Treaty of Tordesillas Treaty between the Lord of Monaco and Habsburg Spain.
Franco-Polish Alliance Alliance between the king of France Francis I and the king of Poland Sigismund I.
1525 Treaty of Kraków Ends the Polish–Teutonic War.
Treaty of the More Treaty between Henry VIII and the interim French government of Louise of Savoy.
1526 Treaty of Hampton Court Establishes peace between France and England.
Treaty of Madrid France relinquishes the Duchy of Burgundy and the Charolais; temporarily ends French interests in Italy.
Alliance treaty between Geneva, Berne and Fribourg Ending effective Savoy dynasty rule over Geneva. Geneva became part of the Swiss confederation The treaty was concluded on February 20 and ratified on March 12, 1526
Treaty of Berwick Three year peace agreement between Scotland and England.
1527 Treaty of Westminster Treaty of alliance between King Henry VIII of England and King Francis I of France against King Charles V of Spain.
1528 Treaty of Gorinchem Between Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, and Duke Charles of Guelders.
1529 Treaty of Barcelona Francis I, returns the Franche-Comté and promises to return the Duchy of Burgundy.
Treaty of Cambrai Also known as the Paix des Dames (Ladies' Peace).
Treaty of Saragossa Specifies the anti-meridian line of demarcation between Spanish and Portuguese imperial territories.
Treaty of Grimnitz House of Hohenzollern and House of Pomerania agree on legal status and succession in the Duchy of Pomerania
1533 Treaty of Constantinople Ends hostilities between the Ottoman Empire and the Archduchy of Austria.
1534 Treaty of Bassein Sultan Bahadur of Gujarat cedes the Mumbai Islands and other territories to the Portuguese Empire.
1537 Treaty of Novgorod Russo-Swedish truce
1538 Treaty of Nagyvárad[note 33] Recognizes John Zápolya as the king of Hungary while Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor retains the western parts of the Hungarian Kingdom.
1541 First Treaty of Brömsebro Between Denmark–Norway and Sweden.
1543 Treaty of Greenwich[note 34] Contains two agreements that attempts to unite the Kingdom of England with the Kingdom of Scotland.
Treaty of Venlo Duke Wilhelm of Jülich-Cleves-Berg cedes the territory of Guelders and the county of Zutphen to Holy Roman Emperor Charles V.
1544 Treaty of Speyer Establishes peace between Denmark-Norway and the Holy Roman Empire.
Treaty of Crépy Holy Roman Emperor Charles V relinquishes his claim to the Duchy of Burgundy and Francis I of France surrenders his claim to the Kingdom of Naples.
1550 Treaty of Boulogne France paid England a ransom of 400,000 crowns and gained Boulogne

also agreed to remove all their remaining men from Scotland. March 28, 1550.

1551 Treaty of Weissenburg[note 35] Declares Archduke Ferdinand of Austria king of Hungary and Transylvania.
1552 Peace of Passau Holy Roman Emperor Charles V guarantees Lutheran religious freedoms to Protestants.
Treaty of Chambord Maurice of Saxony cedes Toul, Verdun, and Metz to Henry II of France.
1555 Peace of Augsburg Between Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, and the forces of the Schmalkaldic League.
Treaty of Amasya Ends the war between Ottoman Turkey and Safavid Persia.
1556 Treaty of Vaucelles King Henry II of France cedes Franche-Comté to King Philip II of Spain.
1557 Treaty of Novgorod Russia and Sweden, ended the Russo-Swedish War (1554–1557)
Treaty of Pozvol Livonia and Poland-Lithuania, triggered the Livonian War
1559 Peace of Cateau Cambrésis Ends the Italian Wars.
Treaty of Vilna Livonian War: Livonian–Polish–Lithuanian alliance
1560 Treaty of Edinburgh England, Scotland, France: concludes Siege of Leith, attempts to end Auld Alliance.
1561 Treaty of Vilna Livonian War: Livonian Order subordinated to Poland-Lithuania
1562 Edict of Saint-Germain[note 36] Recognizes the existence of French Protestants and guarantees them freedom of conscience and private worship.
Treaty of Hampton Court Establishes military and economic ties between Queen Elizabeth I of England and Huguenot leader Louis I de Bourbon.
Treaty of Mozhaysk Livonian War, Russo-Danish mutual assurance of their claims in Livonia
1563 Edict of Amboise Ends the first phase of the French Wars of Religion.
1564 Treaty of Dorpat Livonian War, Russo-Swedish mutual assurance of their claims in Livonia
1568 Peace of Longjumeau[note 37] Ends the second phase of the French Wars of Religion; confirms the Edict of Amboise; expires in August 1568.
Treaty of Roskilde (1568) peace between Lübeck, Denmark–Norway and Sweden during the Northern Seven Years' War, not ratified
1569 Union of Lublin Unites the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania into a single state, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.
1570 Treaty of Stettin Ends the Northern Seven Years' War.
Peace of Saint-Germain-en-Laye Ends the third phase of the French Wars of Religion.
1572 Treaty of Blois Queen Elizabeth I of England and Catherine de' Medici of France establish an alliance against Spain.
1573 Edict of Boulogne Ends the fourth phase of the French Wars of Religion; gives Huguenots the right to worship in La Rochelle, Montauban, and Nîmes.
1576 Edict of Beaulieu[note 38] Ends the fifth phase of the French Wars of Religion; Henry III of France gives the Huguenots the right of public worship.
Pacification of Ghent Alliance of the provinces of the Netherlands against the Spanish.
1577 Treaty of Bergerac[note 39] Ends the sixth phase of the French Wars of Religion; Huguenots can practice their faith only in the suburbs of one town in each judicial district.
Edict of 1577[note 40] Provides for the removal of Spanish troops from the Netherlands; upholds Pacification of Ghent.
1579 Treaty of Arras (1579) The members of the Union of Arras conclude a separate peace with Spain in the Eighty Years' War.
Union of Utrecht Unifies the northern states of the Netherlands.
1580 Treaty of Fleix[note 41] Ends the seventh phase of the French Wars of Religion; recognizes previous treaties granting religious privileges to the Huguenots.
Treaty of Plessis-les-Tours François, Duke of Anjou becomes sovereign of the Dutch Republic.
1582 Peace of Jam Zapolski Ends the Livonian War between Poland and Muscovy.
1583 Treaty of Plussa A truce between Russia and Sweden; ends the Livonian War (1558–1583).
1584 Treaty of Joinville Forms a Catholic alliance between the French Catholic League and Habsburg Spain against Protestant forces such as Elizabeth I of England.
1585 Treaty of Nemours Revokes previous concessions made to the Huguenots; instigates the War of the Three Henries.
Treaty of Nonsuch England assists Dutch in the Eighty Years' War.
1586 Treaty of Berwick Agreement of amity between Queen Elizabeth I of England and King James VI of Scotland.
1590 Treaty of Ferhat Paşa Ends the war between Ottoman Turkey and Safavid Persia. Turkish control on Caucasus region.
1595 Treaty of Teusina[note 42] Ends the Russo–Swedish War (1590–1595).
1598 Peace of Vervins The Spanish withdraw from French territory.
Edict of Nantes Henry IV of France grants French Protestants (or Huguenots) substantial rights in a nation still considered essentially Catholic.


Year Name Summary
1600 Treaty of Paris (1600) Between Henry IV of France and Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy.
1601 Treaty of Lyon (1601) Henry IV of France acquires Bugey, Valromey, Gex, and Bresse.
1604 Treaty of London, 1604 Ends hostilities between England and Spain.
1606 Peace of Žitava[note 43] Ends the Long War between the Ottoman Turkey and the Habsburg monarchy.
Treaty of Vienna (1606)[note 44] Restores all constitutional and religious rights/privileges to the Hungarians in both Transylvania and Royal Hungary.
1608 Treaty of Lieben Holy Roman Emperor Rudolf II surrenders Hungary, Austrian territories near the Danube River, and Moravia to his brother Matthias.
1609 Treaty of Antwerp (1609)[note 45] Spain and the Netherlands agree to a 12-year truce.
1610 Treaty of Brussol[note 46] Establishes a military alliance between Charles Emmanuel I and Henry IV of France against the Spanish in Italy.
1612 Treaty of Nasuh Pasha Treaty between Ottoman Turkey and Safavid Persia Revision of 1590 treaty. Persia regained some of its loses in 1590.
1613 Treaty of Knäred Ends the Kalmar War between Denmark and Sweden.
Two Row Wampum Treaty[note 47] Treaty between the Iroquois and representatives of the Dutch government.
1614 Treaty of Xanten Ends the War of the Jülich Succession.
1615 Peace of Asti Duke Charles Emmanuel I of Savoy relinquishes claims on Monferrato.
Peace of Tyrnau Recognizes Gábor Bethlen as the Prince of Transylvania.
Treaty of Serav Ratifies the treaty of 1612 between Ottoman Turkey and Safavid Persia
1616 Treaty of Loudun Ends hostilities between Queen Marie de' Medici and rebellious French princes led by Henry II, the third Prince of Condé.
1617 Treaty of Pavia Savoy cedes Monferrato to Mantua.
Treaty of Stolbovo Ends the Ingrian War between Sweden and Muscovy.
Peace of Busza Peace between Ottoman Turkey and Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
1618 Truce of Deulino[note 48] Ends the Polish–Muscovite War (1605–18); expires in 1632.
1619 Treaty of Angoulême Ends civil war in France between supporters of Queen Marie de' Medici and her son, King Louis XIII of France.
Treaty of Munich (1619) Duke Maximilian of Bavaria allows Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II to use his forces in exchange for territories in the Electorate of the Palatinate.
1620 Treaty of Ulm (1620) The Protestant Union ceases its support of Frederick V of Bohemia.
1621 Peace of Nikolsburg[note 49] Ends the war between Prince Gabriel Bethlen of Transylvania and Emperor Ferdinand II of the Holy Roman Empire.
Treaty of Madrid (1621) Restores Valtelline to the Grisons and grants Protestants in the region religious freedoms.
Treaty of Khotyn Between Ottoman Turkey and Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.
Treaty of the Hague (1621) A failed treaty of alliance between Denmark and the Dutch Republic
Treaty of Bremen A failed treaty of commerce between Denmark and the Dutch Republic
1622 Treaty of Montpellier[note 50] Between King Louis XIII of France and Duke Henry II of Rohan; confirms the Edict of Nantes.
1623 Treaty of Paris (1623) France, Savoy, and Venice agree to have Spanish forces leave Valtelline.
1625 Treaty of The Hague (1625) England and the Netherlands agree to economically support Christian IV of Denmark during the Thirty Years' War.
1626 Peace of Pressburg (1626)[note 14] Ends the revolt against the Habsburgs.
Treaty of Monzón France and Spain share equal rights in their control of Valtelline.
1627 Capitulation of Franzburg Duchy of Pomerania occupied by Albrecht von Wallenstein's imperial army
1628 Treaty of Munich Recognizes Duke Maximilian of Bavaria as a prince-elector; grants Maximilian control of the Upper Palatinate and the right bank of the Rhine River for thirty years.
1629 Edict of Restitution Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II attempts to reinforce the territorial and religious settlements made after the Peace of Augsburg.
Treaty of Lübeck Denmark withdraws from the Thirty Years' War.
Truce of Altmark[note 51] Ends hostilities between Sweden and the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.
Peace of Alais[note 52] Between the Huguenots and King Louis XIII of France; confirms the basic principles of the Edict of Nantes with additional clauses.
Treaty of Suza 2 treaties between France, Savoy, England and Scotland
1630 Peace of Regensburg[note 53] Temporarily halts the War of the Mantuan Succession.
Treaty of Stettin (1630) The Duchy of Pomerania allies with and is occupied by the Swedish Empire
Treaty of Madrid (1630) [es] Ends English involvement in the Dutch Revolt.
1631 Treaty of Bärwalde France and Sweden establish an alliance against the Holy Roman Empire.
Treaty of Cherasco Ends the War of the Mantuan Succession.
Treaty of Munich (1631) France and Bavaria establish a secret "Catholic" alliance.
1632 Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye (1632) England returns New France (Quebec) to France.
1634 Treaty of Polyanovka[note 54] Ends the Smolensk War between Poland and Muscovy.
1635 Peace of Prague (1635) Between the Holy Roman Emperor, Ferdinand II, and most of the Protestant states of the Holy Roman Empire.
Treaty of Sztumska Wieś[note 55] The Swedish Empire concedes territories to the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.
1636 Treaty of Wismar Establishes alliance between Sweden and France against the Habsburgs.
1638 Treaty of Hamburg (1638) Confirms Treaty of Wismar; France pays Sweden 1,000,000 livres.
Treaty of Hartford (1638) Cedes Pequot Indian lands to Connecticut River towns and outlaws Pequot settlement and the use of the Pequot language.
1639 Treaty of Berwick (1639)[note 56] Ends the First Bishops' War between Charles I of England and the Scots.
Treaty of Zuhab[note 57] Ends the war between Safavid Persia and the Ottoman Turkey. The borderline drawn by the treaty is still effective today.
Treaty of Asurar Ali Establishes the boundary between the Mughals and the Ahom kingdom.
1640 Treaty of Ripon Between Charles I of England and the Scots in the aftermath of the Second Bishops' War.
1642 Treaty of Axim (1642) Regulates the jurisdiction of the Netherlands and the Dutch West India Company in the town and polity of Axim.
1643 Solemn League and Covenant Between the Scottish Covenanters and the leaders of the English Parliamentarians.
1645 Second Treaty of Brömsebro (1645)[note 58] Ends the Torstenson War between Sweden and Denmark–Norway.
1647 Truce of Ulm (1647)[note 59] Forces Duke Maximilian of Bavaria to renounce his alliance with Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand III.
1648 Peace of Westphalia[note 60] Ends the Thirty Years' War and the Eighty Years' War, and establishes the principle of the sovereignty of nations in use today.
Treaty of Concordia[note 61] Divides the island of Saint Martin between France and the Netherlands.
1649 Peace of Rueil Ends the opening episodes of the Fronde, France's civil war.
Treaty of Zboriv Places three provinces of Ukraine under the control of the Cossacks.
1650 Treaty of Breda (1650) Between Charles II of England and the Scottish Covenanters during the Wars of the Three Kingdoms.
Treaty of Hartford (1650) Establishes boundary lines between New Amsterdam and English settlers in Connecticut.
1651 Treaty of Bila Tserkva Establishes peace between the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth and the Ukrainian Cossacks after the Battle of Berestechko.
1652 Treaty of Oistins Establishes peace between colonial settlers of Barbados and the English Commonwealth over Barbados's right to trade with Spanish controlled Netherlands among other demands. Results in establishing one of the first parliaments in the new world and the third oldest in the British Commonwealth
1653 Treaty of Stettin (1653) The Swedish Empire and Brandenburg partition Pomerania.
1654 Treaty of Pereyaslav Between Muscovy and Cossack Hetmanate.
Treaty of Westminster (1654) Ends the First Anglo-Dutch War.
1655 Treaty of Kėdainiai Second Northern WarGrand Duchy of Lithuania becomes Swedish protectorate
Union of Kėdainiai Second Northern WarLithuanianSwedish union
Treaty of Rinsk Second Northern War – anti-Swedish alliance of Brandenburg-Prussia and Royal Prussian estates
1656 Treaty of Königsberg (1656) Second Northern WarDuchy of Prussia and Ermland become Swedish fiefs.
Treaty of Marienburg Second Northern War – alliance between Brandenburg-Prussia and Sweden
Treaty of Elbing Second Northern War – Dutch-Swedish settlement of conflicts over Danzig (Gdańsk)
Treaty of Labiau Second Northern WarHohenzollerns become full souvereigns in Prussia and Ermland.
Truce of Vilna Second Northern War / Russo-Polish War – Russo-Polish truce and alliance against Sweden
Treaty of Vienna (1656) Second Northern War: 1st HabsburgPolish alliance against Sweden
Treaty of Radnot It envisaged a partition of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth; Transylvania enters the Second Northern War on the Swedish side
Treaty of Butre (1656) Between the Gold Coast (West Africa) state of Ahanta and the States General and the Dutch West India Company, establishing a Dutch protectorate over Butre and Upper Ahanta.
1657 Treaty of Vienna (1657) Second Northern War: 2nd HabsburgPolish alliance against Sweden
Treaty of Wehlau Second Northern War: Poland accepts Hohenzollerns as full souvereigns in Prussia, anti-Swedish alliance.
Treaty of Bromberg (Bydgoszcz) Second Northern War – Wehlau confirmed and amended
Treaty of Paris (1657) Establishes military alliance between England and France against Spain.
Treaty of Raalte Willem II no longer is viceroy of Overijssel.
1658 Treaty of Hadiach Between Poland and Cossack Hetmanate.
Treaty of Taastrup[note 62] An accord that preceded the Treaty of Roskilde between Charles X Gustav of Sweden and King Frederick III of Denmark.
Treaty of Roskilde Second Northern War: Denmark–Norway cedes territory ("Skåneland") to Sweden.
Treaty of Valiesar Second Northern War: Sweden temporarily cedes territory to Russia, cession of hostilities.
1659 Treaty of the Pyrenees Ends war between France and Spain.
Concert of The Hague (1659) Second Northern War – Anglo-Franco-Dutch agreement regarding peace between Denmark and Swede
1660 Treaty of Copenhagen (1660) Second Northern War – peace between Denmark and Sweden, restores Trondheim to Norway and Bornholm to Denmark.
Treaty of Oliva[note 63] Second Northern War – peace between Sweden, Brandenburg-Prussia and Poland.
1661 Treaty of Cardis[note 64] Second Northern War – peace between Sweden and Russia.
Treaty of Den Haag The Dutch Empire recognizes Portuguese imperial sovereignty over Recife in Brazil.
1662 Treaty of Montmartre Duke Charles IV gives to Louis XIV the throne to the Duchy of Lorraine.
1663 Treaty of Ghilajharighat Between the Ahoms and the Mughal forces.
1664 Peace of Vasvár Between the Austrian Habsburg monarchy and the Ottoman Turkey after the Battle of Saint Gotthard; lasted until 1683.
1665 Treaty of Purandar (1665)[note 65] Between Rajput Jai Singh and Shivaji Maharaj.
1666 Treaty of Habenhausen Peace negotiations after the Second Swedish war on Bermen between Sweden and the city of Bremen.
1666 Articles of Peace and Amity Treaty between the Province of Maryland and 12 Eastern Algonquian-speaking indigenous nations, including the Piscataway, Anacostanck, Doegs, Mikikiwomans, Manasquesend, Mattawoman, Chingwawateick, Hangemaick, Portobackes, Sacayo, Panyayo, and Choptico.[71]
1667 Treaty of Breda (1667) Ends the Second Anglo-Dutch War.
Treaty of Andrusovo Ends the war between Muscovy and Poland-Lithuania.
Treaty of Bongaja Sultan Hasanuddin of Makassar recognizes the influence of the Dutch East India Company (VOC) in Indonesian territories.
1668 First Triple Alliance Alliance between England, the United Provinces and Sweden.
Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle (1668) Ends the War of Devolution between Louis XIV of France and Habsburg Spain.
Treaty of Lisbon (1668) Spain recognizes Portuguese sovereignty after the Portuguese Restoration War; Portugal cedes Ceuta to Spain.
1670 Secret Treaty of Dover France helps England to rejoin the Roman Catholic Church and England assists France militarily against the Dutch Republic.
Treaty of Madrid (1670) Between England and Spain.
Treaty of Copenhagen (1670) An alliance and commercial treaty between Britain and Denmark-Norway, establishing terms of contraband and permitting Danish settlement of the Virgin Islands
1672 Treaty of Buczacz Between the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth and Ottoman Turkey. Podolia under Turkish control.
1674 Treaty of Westminster (1674) Ends the Third Anglo-Dutch War.
1675 Strasbourg Agreement (1675) First international agreement banning the use of chemical weapons (i.e. poisoned bullets); signed between France and the Holy Roman Empire.
1676 Treaty of Żurawno Between Ottoman Turkey and Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth Ratifies 1672 treaty.
1677 Treaty of 1677[note 66] Native American tribes in Virginia swear fealty to the British Empire.
1678 Treaties of Nijmegen Ends the Franco-Dutch War.
Treaty of Casco (1678) Ends war between the eastern Native Americans and the English settlers of Massachusetts Bay Colony.
1679 Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye (1679) Swedish Pomerania and Bremen-Verden restored to Sweden after the Scanian War
1681 Treaty of Bakhchisarai Concludes the Russo-Turkish War (1676–1681); establishes a 20-year truce whereby the Dnieper River would separate the Ottoman Empire from Russian territories.
1684 Truce of Ratisbon Ends War of Reunions between France and Spain
1686 Eternal Peace Treaty of 1686 Ends war between Muscovy and Poland.
1689 Treaty of Nerchinsk Ends war between the Russian Empire and the Qing Dynasty of China.
1691 Treaty of Limerick Ends the Williamite War in Ireland.
1697 Treaty of Ryswick Ends the War of the Grand Alliance.
1698 Treaty of Den Haag (1698)[note 67] Attempts to resolve the issue of who would inherit the Spanish throne.
1699 Treaty of Karlowitz[note 68] Ends the war between the alliance consisting of Austria, Venice and Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth on one side and the Ottoman Turkey on the other side.
Treaty of Preobrazhenskoye Denmark, Russia, Saxony, and the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth divide Swedish territories.


Year Name Summary
1700 Treaty of London[note 69] An attempt to restore the Pragmatic Sanction following the death of Joseph Ferdinand, Electoral Prince of Bavaria.
Treaty of Constantinople Establishes peace between Russia and the Ottoman Empire.
Peace of Travendal Temporary peace between the Swedish Empire and Denmark–Norway during the Great Northern War.
1701 Great Peace of Montreal Establishes peace between New France and the 39 First Nations of North America.
Treaty of The Hague (1701) England, Austria, the United Provinces, and the Holy Roman Empire establish a defensive alliance against France.
1703 Methuen Treaty Between Portugal and the Kingdom of England.
1704 Treaty of Ilbersheim Removes Bavaria from the War of the Spanish Succession.
Treaty of Narva Great Northern War: Saxon–Polish–Lithuanian–Russian alliance.
1705 Treaty of Warsaw Great Northern War: Polish–Lithuanian–Swedish alliance.
Pact of Genoa War of the Spanish Succession: alliance between the Kingdom of England and the Principality of Catalonia.
1706 Treaty of Altranstädt Great Northern War – peace between Augustus the Strong, king of Poland and elector of Saxony, and Charles XII of Sweden. Augustus resigns as king.
1707 Treaty of Union Unites the Kingdoms of England and Scotland to create the Kingdom of Great Britain.
Treaty of Altranstädt (1707) Emperor Joseph I guarantees to Charles XII religious tolerance and liberty of conscience for Silesian Protestants.
1709 Treaty of Thorn Great Northern War: Saxon–Polish–Lithuanian-Russian alliance.
Treaty of Copenhagen Great Northern War: Russo-Danish alliance
1710 Capitulation of Estonia and Livonia Great Northern War: Estonian and Livonian estates and towns surrender to Russia.
Treaty of Hanover Great Northern War: Hanoveranian–Russian alliance.
1711 Treaty of Szatmár[note 70] Ends the Kuruc Rebellion led by Francis II Rákóczi.
Treaty of Pruth Between Ottoman Turkey and Russia, Russia loses some territories and grants a free passage for Charles XII of Sweden.
1712 Peace of Aarau [fr] Ends the Toggenburg War among the Swiss cantons
1713 Treaty of Utrecht Ends the War of the Spanish Succession.
Treaty of Portsmouth Ends Queen Anne's War hostilities between the Abenakis and the Province of Massachusetts Bay.
Treaty of Schwedt Great Northern War: Russo-Prussian alliance
1714 Treaty of Baden Ends hostilities between France and the Holy Roman Empire and also ends the War of the Spanish Succession.
Treaty of Rastatt Ends the War of the Spanish Succession; hostilities between Louis XIV of France and Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI cease.
1715 Treaty of Stettin Great Northern War: Hanoveranian–British–Prussian alliance
Treaty of Berlin Great Northern War: Hanoveranian–British–Danish–Norwegian alliance
Treaty of Greifswald Great Northern War: Hanoveranian–British–Russian alliance
1717 Second Triple Alliance Alliance between Kingdom of Great Britain, the United Provinces and France.
1718 Treaty of Passarowitz[note 71] Ends the war between Austria and the Ottoman Empire.
Treaty of Baden Ends the Toggenburg War among the Swiss cantons (second treaty).
1720 Treaty of Den Haag[note 72] Spain abandons her claims in Italy after the War of the Quadruple Alliance.
Treaty of Frederiksborg Ends Great Northern War between Sweden and Denmark–Norway.
Treaty of Stockholm Ends the Great Northern War between Sweden, Hanover and Brandenburg-Prussia
1721 Treaty of Nystad Ends the Great Northern War between Sweden and Russia.
1725 Treaty of Hanover Establishes a military alliance between Great Britain, France, Prussia, Sweden, the Netherlands and Denmark against Spain.
Treaty of Vienna Ends Austrian claims to the Spanish throne; Austria helps Spain to reacquire Gibraltar from the British.
1727 Treaty of Kyakhta Redefines boundaries between Russia and China.
1729 Treaty of Seville (1729) Britain maintains control over Port Mahon and Gibraltar.
1731 Treaty of Vienna (1731) Verifies the Quadruple Alliance between the Holy Roman Empire, Britain, the Dutch Empire, and Spain.
1732 Treaty of Ahmet Pasha Short lived peace treaty, ends hostalities between the Ottoman Turkey and the Safavid Persia
Löwenwolde's Treaty[note 73] Establishes a joint policy between Austria, the Russian Empire, and Prussia pertaining to the succession of the Polish throne.
Treaty of Rasht Ends Russian claims over Persian territories.
1733 Treaty of Turin (1733) Secret treaty between France and the Duke of Savoy for military alliance prior to War of the Polish Succession.
Treaty of the Escorial First of the Bourbon Family Compacts between France and Spain, agreeing to mutual defense and military alliance in the conquest of Italian territories held by the Habsburgs.
1736 Treaty of Constantinople (1736) Ends hostilities between the Ottoman Empire and Safavid Persia
1738 Treaty of Vienna (1738) Ends the War of the Polish Succession.
1739 Treaty of El Pardo (1739) Spain and Great Britain settle their respective claims to American navigation and trade.
Treaty of Niš (1739) Ends the war between Russia and the Ottoman Empire.
Treaty of Belgrade Ends the war between Austria and the Ottoman Empire.
1740 Treaty of Friendship and Alliance   Between the Miskito nation and Kingdom of Great Britain.
1742 Treaty of Berlin (1742) Ends First Silesian War.
Treaty of Breslau Ends First Silesian War.
Convention of Turin Ends Austria and Sardinia promise to assist each other against Spain.
1743 Treaty of Åbo[note 74] Ends the Hats' Russian War.
Treaty of Worms (1743) Establishes political alliance between the Kingdom of Great Britain, Austria and Sardinia.
1745 Treaty of Dresden Austria confirms the loss of Silesia to Prussia after the Second Silesian War.
Treaty of Fontainebleau (1745) Establishes a military alliance between Louis XV of France and Charles Edward Stuart against George II of Great Britain.
Treaty of Füssen Ends Bavaria's support of the French in the War of the Austrian Succession.
1746 Treaty of Kerden Ends hostalities between Ottoman Turkey and Afsharid Iran
1748 Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle (1748) Ends the War of the Austrian Succession.
1750 Treaty of Madrid (13 January 1750) Defines the boundaries of the Spanish and the Portuguese colonies in South America, replacing the Treaty of Tordesillas.
1752 Treaty of Aranjuez (1752) Recognizes Spanish and Austrian interests in Italy.
1755 Treaty of Giyanti[note 75] Divides the Sultanate of Mataram between Prince Mangkubumi and Pakubuwono III.
1756 Treaty of Westminster (1756) Treaty of neutrality between Prussia and the British Empire.
1757 Treaty of Alinagar Between the British East India Company and the Nawab of Bengal, India.
1758 Treaty of Easton Native Americans agree not to fight the British during the French and Indian War.
1761 Treaty of El Pardo (1761) Nullifies the Treaty of Madrid (13 January 1750).
1762 Treaty of Fontainebleau (1762) A secret agreement whereby France cedes Louisiana to Spain.
Treaty of Saint Petersburg (1762) Ends the Seven Years' War between Russia and Prussia.
Treaty of Hamburg (1762) Between Prussia and Sweden after Russia breaks its alliance with Prussia.
1763 Treaty of Hubertusburg Ends the Seven Years' War.
First Treaty of Paris[note 76]
1765 Treaty of Allahabad Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II grants Diwani rights to the British East India Company, India.
1766 Treaty of Batticaloa[note 77] King Keerthisiri Rajasinghe of Kandy recognizes Dutch imperial possessions in Sri Lanka.
1768 Treaty of Fort Stanwix In North America, the boundary established by the Proclamation of 1763 is moved west.
Treaty of Masulipatam Confirms the conquest of the state of Hyderabad by the British.
Treaty of Versailles Genoa put Corsica in pledge to France
1770 Treaty of Lochaber The Cherokee relinquish territories to the British Empire.
1773 Treaty of Tsarskoye Selo Exchanges Russian and Danish territories in Schleswig–Holstein and the Duchy of Oldenburg.
1774 Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca Ends Russo-Turkish War (1768–74).
1776 Treaty of Watertown Alliance between the State of Massachusetts Bay and the Mi'kmaq of Nova Scotia.
Treaty of Purandar (1776)[note 65] Between the peshwa of the Maratha people and the British East India Company, India.
1777 First Treaty of San Ildefonso Ends disputes between Portugal and Spain over the territories of The Seven Missions and of Colonia del Sacramento.
Treaty of Aranjuez (1777) Defines Spanish and French colonies on Santo Domingo.
1778 Treaty of Amity and Commerce (United States–France)[note 78] Establishes a commercial alliance between the United States and France
Treaty of Alliance (1778)[note 79] Establishes a military alliance between the United States and France.
Treaty of El Pardo (1778) Queen Maria I of Portugal cedes Annobón, Bioko, and territories on the Guinea coast to King Charles III of Spain.
Treaty of Fort Pitt (1778)[note 80] Gives the United States permission to travel through Delaware territory, as well as to call upon the Delaware Indians to help American troops fight against the British.
1779 Treaty of Aranjuez (1779) Spain joins the American Revolutionary War against the Kingdom of Great Britain.
Treaty of Teschen Ends the War of the Bavarian Succession between Austria and Prussia.
Treaty of Aynalıkavak Ratifies the terms of the Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca
1780 Treaty of Aranjuez (1780) Spain cedes territories to Morocco.
1782 1782 Edict of Tolerance Holy Roman Emperor Joseph II promotes religious tolerance towards Jews.
Treaty of Salbai Between the Maratha Empire and the British East India Company, India.
1783 Treaty of Amity and Commerce (United States–Sweden) Sweden becomes the first neutral nation to officially recognize the young American republic.
Second Treaty of Paris Ends the American Revolutionary War.
Treaty of Georgievsk Establishes the east Georgian Kingdom of Kartli-Kakheti as a protectorate under suzerainty of the Russian Empire.
1784 Treaty of Fort Stanwix The Iroquois Confederacy cedes all lands west of the Niagara River to the United States.
Treaty of Mangalore Ends the Second Anglo-Mysore War.
1785 Treaty of Fontainebleau Reinforces the Treaty of Münster whereby the Scheldt Estuary is under the sovereignty of the United Provinces.
Treaty of Amity and Commerce (Prussia–United States) Between the Kingdom of Prussia and the United States promoting free trade and demanding the unconditionally humane custody for war prisoner, a novelty at the time.
Treaty of Hopewell Between the United States and the Cherokee Indians.
Treaty of Fort McIntosh Native American tribes cede to the United States all claims to land in the Ohio Country east of the Cuyahoga and Muskingum rivers; tribes also cede the areas surrounding Fort Detroit and Fort Michilimackinac.
Maryland–Virginia Compact of 1785 Interstate compact between the U.S. states of Maryland and Virginia governing navigational and fishing rights on Chesapeake Bay, and on the Potomac and Pocomoke rivers.[72]
1786 Eden Agreement Between the Kingdom of Great Britain and France.
Moroccan–American Treaty of Friendship The oldest non-broken friendship treaty between Morocco and the United States.
Treaty of Hartford (1786) Interstate compact resolving territorial and border disputes between the states of New York and Massachusetts.
Treaty of Hopewell Between the United States, the Choctaw Indians, and the Chickasaw Indians.
Jay–Gardoqui Treaty Trade treaty between United States and Spain. Not ratified by U.S. government
Convention of London (1786) Great Britain agrees to evacuate Mosquito Coast in exchange for Spanish concessions in present-day Belize.
1787 Treaty of Beaufort[note 81] Interstate compact officially establishing the all-river boundary between the states of Georgia and South Carolina.
1788 Third Triple Alliance Alliance between Kingdom of Great Britain, the United Provinces and Kingdom of Prussia.
First Treaty of Buffalo Creek Between the Seneca tribe of Western New York and certain purchasers of rights to the Indians' land.
1789 Treaty of Fort Harmar Between the United States government and several Native American tribes with claims to the Ohio Country.
1790 Treaty of Reichenbach (1790) Between Frederick William II of Prussia and Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II of Austria.
Treaty of Värälä Ends Russo-Swedish War (1788–90).
Treaty of New York (1790) Between the United States government and the Creek people.
1791 Treaty of Holston Settles disputes between the United States and the Cherokee over the territories south of the Ohio River; proclaimed and amended in 1792.
Treaty of Sistova Ends the war between Ottoman Turkey and Austria (1787–1791)
1792 Treaty of Jassy Ends the Russo-Turkish War (1787–1792).
Treaty of Seringapatam Ends the Third Anglo-Mysore War.
1794 Jay Treaty[note 82] Resolves several issues remaining between the United States and the Kingdom of Great Britain since the Treaty of Paris of 1783.
Treaty of Canandaigua Establishes peace and friendship between the United States and the Six Nations of the Iroquois (Haudenosaunee).
1795 Pinckney's Treaty[note 83] Defines boundaries of the United States and Spanish colonies.
Peace treaty between the USA and Algiers [fr] Ransom against piracy
Treaty of The Hague (1795)[note 84] The Batavian Republic cedes Venlo, Flanders, and Maastricht to France.
Treaty of Greenville Ends the war between the United States and a coalition of Native Americans.
Treaty of Basel Three agreements whereby France made peace with Prussia, Spain and Hessen-Kassel; concludes the early stage of the French Revolutionary Wars against the First Coalition (1792–1795).
1796 Treaty with Tripoli (1796)[note 85] Ends the war between the United States and Tripoli.
Treaty of New York (1796) Between the Seven Nations of Canada and New York State.
Treaty of Colerain Affirms the binding of the Treaty of New York (1790) and establishes the boundary line between the Creek Nation and the United States.
Second Treaty of San Ildefonso Treaty of alliance between Spain and France against Britain.
1797 Treaty of Leoben[note 86] Preliminary accord to the Treaty of Campo Formio; Austria loses Belgium and Lombardy in exchange for Istria and Dalmatia.
Treaty of Campo Formio Austria recognizes hegemony of French Republic over northern Italy and Belgium. Effective end of the War of the First Coalition (1792–1797).
Treaty of Tolentino Between France and the Papal States.
Treaty with Tunis (1797) Peace treaty between the United States and the 'Barbary State' of Tunis, nominally part of the Ottoman Empire.


Year Name Summary
1800 Third Treaty of San Ildefonso[note 87] Spain cedes the Louisiana Territory to France.
Treaty of Mortefontaine[note 88] Ends the Quasi-War between the United States and France.
1801 Carnatic Treaty The Nawab of Arcot cedes territories in India to Great Britain for two hundred rupees, India.
Treaty of Aranjuez (1801) Confirms the Third Treaty of San Ildefonso between Spain and France.
Treaty of Badajoz (1801)[note 89] Portugal cedes Olivenza to Spain and agrees to close its harbors to Great Britain.
Treaty of Madrid (1801) Confirms the Treaty of Badajoz (1801) between Portugal and France; Portugal also agrees to pay 20 million francs and cedes half of Guiana.
Treaty of Florence The Kingdom of Naples cedes some central Italian possessions, the island of Elba, and the Athena of Velletri to France.
Treaty of Lunéville Ends the War of the Second Coalition against France.
1802 Treaty of Amiens Ends the war between France and Great Britain.
Treaty of Bassein The Maratha Peshwa of Pune cedes territories in western India to Great Britain, India.
Treaty of Al Arish Napoleon agrees to return Egypt to the Ottoman Empire
1803 Louisiana Purchase United States buys the Louisiana Territory from France.
Treaty of Surji-Anjangaon Between Great Britain and Daulat Rao Sindhia, chief of the Maratha Empire; treaty was revised twice.
Treaty of Fort Wayne Between the United States and the Delaware, Shawnee, Potowatomi, Miami, and Kickapoo Indians, defining the boundaries of the Vincennes Tract in southwest Indiana.
1804 Treaty of St. Louis (1804) The Sac and Fox Indians cede Illinois to the United States.
1805 Treaty of Fort Industry The Ottawa, Chippewa, Wyandot, Potawatomi, Delaware, and Shawnee Indians cede eastern Ohio to the United States.
Treaty of Pressburg (1805) Between France and Austria, ending Austria's participation in the War of the Fourth Coalition.
Treaty of Tripoli (1805) Between the United States and the Pasha of Tripoli, ending the First Barbary War.
1806 Treaty of Poznań Ends the war between France and Saxony after the latter's defeat during the War of the Fourth Coalition.
1807 Treaty of Detroit The Ottawa, Chippewa, Wyandot, and Potawatomi Indians cede parts of Michigan and Ohio to the United States.[73]
Treaties of Tilsit France, Russia, and Prussia create the Duchy of Warsaw.
Treaty of Finckenstein Between France and Persia.
Treaty of Fontainebleau (1807) Between Spain and France, proposing the partition of Portugal.
1808 Treaty of Fort Clark[note 90] The Osage Nation cedes large portions of the Missouri Territory to the United States.
1809 Treaty of Amritsar, 1809 Between Ranjit Singh and the British East India Company, restricting the Sikh Empire to north of the Sutlej River, India.
Treaty of the Dardanelles[note 91] Between the Ottoman Empire and Great Britain.
Treaty of Hamina[note 92] Ends the Finnish War between Sweden and Russia.
Treaty of Schönbrunn[note 93] Ends the War of the Fifth Coalition against Napoleon.
Treaty of Fort Wayne (1809) The Delaware, Eel River, Miami, Potawatomi, Kickapoo, and Wea Indians cede part of Indiana to the United States.
1810 Treaty of Paris (1810) Ends the war between France and Sweden.
1812 Treaty of Bucharest (1812) Ends the Russo-Turkish War (1806–12).
1813 Treaty of Gulistan Between Russia and Qajarid Persia.
Treaty of Fulda Württemberg agrees with Austria to leave the Confederation of the Rhine.
Treaty of Kalisz (1813) Russia and Prussia establish the Kalisz Union against Napoleon.
Treaties of Reichenbach Great Britain, Russia, Prussia, and Austria establish the Sixth Coalition against Napoleon.
Treaty of Töplitz[note 94] Great Britain, Russia, Prussia, and Austria augment the Sixth Coalition against Napoleon.
Treaty of Peterswaldau Great Britain agrees to pay for 10,000 German troops in Russian service.
Treaty of Ried Bavaria pledges to Austria to leave the Confederation of the Rhine and join the Sixth Coalition against Napoleon.
1814 Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1814[note 95] Between the Great Britain and the United Provinces (Netherlands).
Treaty of Paris Ends the War of the Sixth Coalition against France.
Treaty of Ghent Ends the War of 1812 between Great Britain and the United States.
Treaty of Kiel The king of Denmark–Norway cedes Norway to Sweden in exchange for territories in Pomerania.
Convention of Moss Armistice agreement and de facto peace treaty between Norway and Sweden.
Treaty of Fontainebleau (1814) Russia, Prussia, and Austria accept Napoleon's abdication as Emperor of France, and allow him to remain Emperor of Elba.
Treaty of Fort Jackson[note 96] The Creek Indians cede territories to the United States.
Eight Articles of London Amalgamates the Netherlands and Belgium.
1815 Treaty of Paris (1815) Follows the defeat of Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo.
Final Act of the Congress of Vienna Ends the Napoleonic Wars.
Sugauli Treaty[note 97] Ends the Anglo-Nepalese War between Great Britain and Nepal.
Treaty of Springwells The United States restored relations with the Wyandot, Delaware, Seneca, Shawnee, Miami, Chippewa, Ottawa, and Potawatomi Indians, absolving them for supporting Great Britain in the War of 1812.
Quadruple Alliance (1815) Between the UK, Austria, Prussia and Russia.
Treaty of Nicolls' Outpost Between the UK and Red Stick and allied Native Americans (unratified)
1816 Treaty of St. Louis (1816) The Council of Three Fires cedes a 20-mile (32 km) strip of land, which connected Chicago and Lake Michigan with the Illinois River.
1817 Rush–Bagot Treaty Settles boundary disputes between the United States and Great Britain.
Treaty of Fort Meigs[note 98] Between the United States and the Wyandot, Seneca, Delaware, Shawnee, Potawatomi, Ottawa and Ojibwa tribes.
Treaty of Titalia The British East India Company restores land taken by Nepal to the chogyal (monarch) of Sikkim, who acknowledges the company as overlord, India.
1818 Treaty of 1818[note 99] Resolves boundary disputes between the United States and the Great Britain; leaves the Oregon Country open to both countries.
Treaty of St. Mary's Between the United States and the Miami people.
Treaty of the Creek Agency (1818) Between the United States and the Creek people.
Treaty of St. Louis (1818)[note 90] The Osage Nation cedes all territories to the United States beginning at the Arkansas River and ending at the Verdigris River.
Quintuple Alliance France joigned the quadruple alliance
1819 Adams–Onís Treaty[note 100] Settles a border dispute between the United States and Spain.
Treaty of Saginaw Native Americans cede land to the United States.
1820 Treaty of Doak's Stand[note 101] The Choctaw agree to surrender one-third of their land to the United States.
1821 Treaty of Córdoba Mexico becomes independent from Spain.
Treaty of Chicago The Ottawa, Ojibwe, and Potawatomi tribes cede to the United States all lands in the Michigan Territory south of the Grand River.
Treaty of Indian Springs (1821) Creek Indians cede land to the state of Georgia in return for cash payments totaling $200,000 over a period of 14 years.
1822 Capitulation of Quito. Set forth conditions for the withdrawal of the Spanish royalist forces from the territories of the Real Audiencia de Quito after the Battle of Pichincha.
1823 Treaty of Moultrie Creek Between the United States and the Creek people.
1824 Second Anglo-Dutch Treaty[note 82] Settles disputes between the United Kingdom and the Netherlands, dividing the Malay World.
Russo-American Treaty of 1824[note 102] The United States and Russia fix the southern limit of Russian America at 54°40' N.
Anderson–Gual Treaty First bilateral U.S. treaty with another country of the Americas.
1825 Treaty of Rio de Janeiro (1825) The Kingdom of Portugal recognized the independence of the Empire of Brazil.
Osage Treaty (1825)[note 103] The Osage Nation cedes territories to the United States within and west of Missouri and the Arkansas Territory.
Treaty of St. Louis (1825) The Shawnee Indians cede the area of Cape Girardeau in Missouri to the United States.
Treaty of Hanover (1825) Ends the War of German Dissolution.
Treaty of Indian Springs (1825) Relocates the Creek Indians in Georgia (except the Tokaubatchee) to a parcel of land along the Arkansas River.
First Treaty of Prairie du Chien Between the United States and representatives of the Sioux, Sac and Fox, Menominee, Ioway, Winnebago and Anishinaabeg tribes.
Treaty of Saint Petersburg (1825) Also known as the Anglo-Russian Treaty of 1825. Great Britain and Russia fix the southern limit of Russian America at 54°40' N, and roughly outline the land boundary between the two Powers northwards from there.
United States–Central America Treaty Between the United States and the Federal Republic of Central America.
1826 Akkerman Convention Forces the Ottomans to retreat from Moldavia and Wallachia; grants autonomy to the Principality of Serbia.
Treaty of Mississinewas[note 104] Between the United States and the Miami tribe.
Treaty of Yandaboo Ends the First Burmese War.
Burney Treaty British acknowledge Siamese claim over the four northern Malay states of Kedah, Kelantan, Perlis and Terengganu.
1827 Treaty of London (1827) Alliance between the United Kingdom, France and Russia to end Turkish action in Greece.
1828 Treaty of Turkmenchay Persia cedes northern territories to Russia, ending the Russo-Persian War, 1826–1828.
Treaty of Montevideo (1828) Brazil and Argentina recognize the independence of Uruguay.
Treaty of Limits (Mexico–United States) Between Mexico and the United States, confirming their shared border as agreed to by Spain and the U.S. in the Adams–Onís Treaty.
1829 London Protocol (1829) Formulates the boundaries of modern Greece.
Treaty of Edirne The Ottoman Empire cedes to Russia the right to protect Greece and control the mouth of the Danube River.
Second Treaty of Prairie du Chien Between the United States and representatives of the Council of Three Fires.
Third Treaty of Prairie du Chien Between the United States and the Winnebago.
1830 London Protocol (1830) Confirms sovereignty of Greece.
Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek The United States grants rights to the Choctaw Indians.
Fourth Treaty of Prairie du Chien Between the United States and the Sac and Fox, the Mdewakanton, Wahpekute, Wahpeton and Sisiton Sioux, Omaha, Ioway, Otoe and Missouria tribes.
1831 Treaty of the Eighteen Articles An attempt to establish Belgium's borders.
Pacto Federal Establishes a military alliance between the Argentine provinces of Buenos Aires, Entre Ríos, and Santa Fe.
1832 Treaty of Cusseta Between the United States and the Creek Indians.
Treaty of Pontotoc Creek Between the United States and the Chickasaws leading to their removal to present-day Oklahoma.
Treaty of Constantinople (1832) Officially ends the Greek War of Independence and establishes the borders of modern Greece.
London Protocol (1832) Reiterates and ratifies the terms of the Treaty of Constantinople (1832).
1833 Treaty of Hünkâr İskelesi The Ottoman Empire grants Russia free passage through the Bosporus.
Convention of Kütahya Between the Ottoman Empire and its vassal Muhammad Ali of Egypt, granting Muhammad Ali extra privileges.
Treaty of Chicago Native American tribes cede lands west of Lake Michigan to the United States in exchange for a reservation of equal size further to the west on the Missouri River; proclaimed in 1835.
Treaty of Zonhoven Establishes special regulations over the use of the Meuse River by the Netherlands and Belgium.
1834 Treaty of Desmichels France acknowledges Abd-el-Kader as Bey of Mascara and independent sovereign ruler of Oran in Algeria.
1835 Treaty of New Echota Between a faction of the Cherokee Indians and the United States, ceding all Cherokee lands in Georgia and for all Georgia Cherokees to relocate to the Indian Territory.
Batman's Treaty Between John Batman and a group of Wurundjeri elders for the sale of land around Port Phillip, Australia.
1836 Treaties of Velasco Between Mexico and the Republic of Texas, establishing the independence of Texas.
Treaty of Washington (1836) The Ottawa and Chippewa Indians cede parts of northern Michigan to the United States.
1837 Munich Coin Treaty Unification of currency by six south German states.
Treaty of Tafna Ends conflict between French and Algerian forces; France cedes territories to Abd-el-Kader.
1838 Treaty of Balta Liman Commercial treaty between the Ottoman Empire and the Great Britain.
Second Treaty of Buffalo Creek Between the Seneca tribe of Western New York and certain purchasers of rights to the Indians' land.
Dresden Coinage Convention Currency treaty between the states of the Zollverein.
1839 Edict of Toleration (Hawaii) King Kamehameha III establishes the Roman Catholic Diocese of Honolulu.
Treaty of London (1839)[note 105] Guarantees the neutrality of Belgium.
1840 Treaty of Waitangi Between Great Britain and the Maori of New Zealand, which becomes a British colony.
1841 Treaty for the Suppression of the African Slave Trade First multilateral treaty to suppress the slave trade, signed by Austria, Britain, France, Prussia and Russia.
1842 Treaty of Nanjing Ends the First Opium War between Great Britain and China; China cedes Hong Kong Island to Britain.
Webster–Ashburton Treaty Settles boundary disputes between the United States and Canada.
Third Treaty of Buffalo Creek Between the US and Seneca Indians.
1843 Treaty of Maastricht (1843) Establishes borders between Belgium and the Netherlands.
1844 Treaty of Tangiers Ends First Franco-Moroccan War.
Treaty of Tehuacana Creek[note 106] Establishes peace between the Republic of Texas and various Native American tribes.
Treaty of Wanghia[note 107] First diplomatic agreement between China and the United States in history.
Treaty of Whampoa China grants privileges to France.
1846 Oregon Treaty[note 108] Establishes the border between the British and American sections of the Oregon Country.
Treaty of Lahore Ends the First Sikh War between Great Britain and the Sikh Empire.
Treaty of Amritsar The British East India Company recognizes Gulab Singh Dogra as ruler of Kashmir, India.
Mallarino–Bidlack Treaty[note 109] New Granada (today Colombia) and the United States establish diplomatic and commercial relations.
1847 Treaty of Cahuenga First treaty to end the Mexican–American War.
1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo Second treaty ending the Mexican–American War.
1850 Arana–Southern Treaty Great Britain ends the blockade of Argentina.
Clayton–Bulwer Treaty The United States and the Great Britain agree not to colonize Central America.
Punctation of Olmütz Between Prussia and Austria.
1851 Treaty of Mendota Between the United States and the Sioux tribes of Minnesota (Mdewakanton and Wahpekute).
Treaty of Fort Laramie (1851) United States negotiates safe passage for Oregon Trail settlers with Native Americans.
Treaty of Kulja[note 110] China and Russia establish commercial relations.
Treaty of Traverse des Sioux Between the United States and the Sioux Indians of Minnesota.
1852 London Protocol (1852) Signed after the First War of Schleswig.
Sand River Convention Regulated the relationship between British government of the Cape Colony and the Boers north of the Orange River in South Africa.
1854 Convention of Kanagawa[note 111] Japan is opened to American trade.
Anglo-Japanese Friendship Treaty  Japan is opened to British trade.
Treaty with the Umpqua and Kalapuya Between the United States and the tribes of Umpqua and Kalapuya in the Oregon Territory.
Treaty of Medicine Creek The Nisqually, Puyallup, and Squaxin Island tribes, along with six other smaller Native American tribes cede territories to the United States.
1855 Bowring Treaty[note 112] Between Great Britain and Siam, opening Bangkok to foreign free trade, and guaranteeing Siam's independence.
Treaty of Hellgate The Bitterroot Salish, Pend d'Oreille, and Kootenai tribes cede territories to the United States.
Treaty of Shimoda Defines the border between Japan and Russia and opens three Japanese ports to foreign trade.
Treaty of Neah Bay Between the United States and the Makah people.
Treaty with the Kalapuya, etc. Between the United States and the tribes of Kalapuya, Molala, Clackamas and others in the Oregon Territory.
Canadian–American Reciprocity Treaty[note 113] Trade treaty between the colonies of British North America and the United States.
Point Elliott Treaty United States government and various Native American tribes of the Puget Sound region in the newly formed Washington Territory.
Point No Point Treaty Original inhabitants of the Kitsap Peninsula cede ownership of their land in exchange for small reservations in Hood Canal and a payment of 60,000 dollars from the U.S. federal government.
Quinault Treaty The Quinault and Quileute (including the Hoh) tribes cede territories to the United States government.
Treaty with the Nez Perce Conducted at Walla Walla, Washington, wherein the United States recognizes the sovereignty and lands of the Nez Perce. Territory becomes part of United States. Ratified 1859.
Treaty with the Confederated Umatilla, Cayuse, and Walla Walla Tribes Conducted at Walla Walla, Washington, wherein the United States recognizes the sovereignty and lands of the Cayuse, Umatilla, and Walla Walla. Territory becomes part of United States. Ratified 1859.
Treaty with the Yakama Confederated Tribes and Bands Conducted at Walla Walla, Washington, wherein the United States recognizes the sovereignty and lands of the many and varied bands and tribes making up the Yakama Confederated Tribes and Bands. Territory becomes part of United States. Ratified 1859.
"Buffalo" Treaty Conducted near Ft. Benton, Montana, at Blackfoot Council wherein several tribal nations east and west of continental divide agreed to peace terms and mutual use of territories while hunting buffalo.
1856 Treaty of Paris (1856)[note 114] Ends the Crimean War.
1857 Vienna Monetary Treaty Monetary Treaty Between the German States
Fourth Treaty of Buffalo Creek Between the US and Seneca Indians
1858 Treaty of Tientsin Ends the first phase of the Second Opium War between Great Britain and China.
Treaty of Aigun Specifies border between Russia and China.
Treaty of Amity and Commerce (United States–Japan)[note 115] Japanese treaty ports opened to commerce.
1859 Treaty of Wyke-Aycinena [es] Peace treaty between Guatemala and the U.K.
Treaty of Zurich Franco-Austrian armistice formalizing the Peace of Villafranca.
1860 Cobden–Chevalier Treaty Establishes free trade between Great Britain and France.
Convention of Peking[note 116] Ends the Second Opium War between Great Britain and China; China cedes Kowloon Peninsula to Great Britain.
1861 Franco-Monegasque Treaty Grants sovereignty to Monaco.
1862 Treaty of Commerce and Navigation Established official trade agreements between the United States and Ottoman Empire.[74]
Convention of Scutari Montenegro acknowledges Ottoman suzerainty.
Anglo-Belgian Treaty of Commerce and Navigation Free trade agreement between the United Kingdom and Belgium. First commercial treaty to contain a modern stipulation for withdrawal.[75]
First Treaty of Saigon Emperor Tự Đức cedes Saigon, the island of Poulo Condor, and three southern provinces (Biên Hòa, Gia Định, and Dinh Tuong) to the French Empire.
1863 Treaty of Hué (1863) Confirms the First Treaty of Saigon.
Treaty of Ruby Valley (1863) The Western Shoshone Indians give certain rights in Nevada Territory to the United States.
Treaty on a protectorate between France and Cambodia (1863) [fr] Beginning of a protectorate in Cambodia.
1864 First Geneva Convention[note 117] Establishes rules for the treatment of battlefield casualties.
Treaty of London (1864) Great Britain cedes the Ionian Islands to Greece.
Treaty of Vienna (1864) Ends the Second War of Schleswig between Denmark and Austria/Prussia.
1865 Treaty of the Triple Alliance Military alliance between Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay against Paraguay.
1866 Peace of Prague (1866) Ends Austro-Prussian War.
1867 Alaska Purchase The United States buys Alaska from Russia.
Medicine Lodge Treaty Negotiations between the United States and Native Americans.
Treaty of London (1867)[note 18] An international accord in the aftermath of the Austro-Prussian War and the Luxembourg Crisis.
1868 Burlingame Treaty Establishes relations between the United States and China.
Treaty of Fort Laramie (1868) Ends Red Cloud's War.
Bancroft Treaties (Treaty on Naturalization) The North German Confederation recognizes the legal right of its subjects to become citizens of the United States; the first European government to do so.
1871 Treaty of Frankfurt (1871) Ends the Franco-Prussian War.
Treaty of Washington (1871) Settles grievances between the United States and Great Britain.
Treaty 1 (Stone Fort Treaty) Ojibwe and Swampy Cree Indians of southeastern Manitoba accept the sovereignty of Canada.[76]
Treaty 2 (Manitoba Post Treaty) Ojibwe Indians of southwestern Manitoba accept the sovereignty of Canada.[76]
1873 Iron Rhine Treaty Regulates the passage of a railway line from Antwerp (in Belgium) to Mönchengladbach (in Germany) over Dutch territory in Limburg.
Treaty 3 (Northwest Angle Treaty) Ojibwe Indians of eastern Manitoba and western Ontario accept the sovereignty of Canada.[77][78]
1874 Pangkor Treaty of 1874 Perak becomes the first Malay state to accept British Resident.
Treaty of Berne Universal Postal Union becomes the second oldest international organization.
Second Treaty of Saigon Reiterates the Treaty of Saigon (1862); the Red River (Song Hong) opens for trade, as well as the ports of Hanoi, Haiphong and Qui Nonh.
Treaty 4 (Qu'appelle Treaty) Cree and Saulteaux Indians of southern Saskatchewan accept the sovereignty of Canada.[79]
1875 Treaty of Saint Petersburg (1875) In exchange for the Kuril Islands, Japan relinquishes claims on Sakhalin.
Convention du Mètre[note 118] An international treaty that establishes three organizations to oversee the keeping of metric standards.
Reciprocity Treaty of 1875 A free trade agreement between the United States and the Hawaiian Kingdom.
Treaty 5 Saulteaux and Swampy Cree Indians, and Michel Band métis of Manitoba accept the sovereignty of Canada.[80]
1876 Japan–Korea Treaty of 1876[note 119] First Unequal treaty of Korean Joseon dynasty.
Treaty 6 Plain and Wood Cree and Assiniboine Indians of central Alberta and Saskatchewan accept the sovereignty of Canada.


1877 London Protocol (1877) Great Britain agrees to remain neutral in any conflict between the Ottoman Empire and Russia.
Treaty 7 Blackfoot, Nakota, and Sarcee Indians of Alberta accept the sovereignty of Canada.[82]
1878 Cyprus Convention The Ottoman Empire cedes Cyprus to Great Britain in return for military support against Russia
Pact of Zanjón Ends the Cuban Ten Years' War.
Treaty of San Stefano Ends the Russo-Turkish War (1877–78) between Russia and the Ottoman Empire.
Treaty of Berlin (1878) Amends the Treaty of San Stefano.
1879 Treaty of Gandamak Ends the first phase of the Second Anglo-Afghan War.
1881 Boundary treaty of 1881 between Chile and Argentina Chile and Argentina define their boundary.
Treaty of Akhal Persia officially recognizes the annexation of Khwarazm by Russia.
Treaty of Bardo[note 120] Tunisia becomes a protectorate of France.
1882 Triple Alliance (1882) Alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy.
Kilmainham Treaty Between the British government under William Ewart Gladstone and the Irish nationalist leader Charles Stewart Parnell.
1883 Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property Intellectual property systems (including patents) of any contracting state become accessible to the nationals of other states party to the convention.
Treaty of Ancón Settles territorial disputes between Peru and Chile.
Treaty of Hué (1883)[note 121] Annam cedes protectorate over Annam and Tonkin to France; not confirmed as too harsh.
1884 Treaty of Hué (1884) Between Annam and France, replacing the Treaty of Hué (1883).
1885 Treaty of Simulambuco Between Portugal and the Ngoyo Kingdom in the Cabinda enclave north of Angola.
1886 Berne Convention[note 122] International agreement about copyright.
Treaty of Bucharest Ends war between Serbia and Bulgaria.
1887 Reinsurance Treaty Between Germany and Russia.
1889 Treaty of Berlin (1889) The United States, Great Britain, and Germany establish a condominium and recognize the independence of Samoa.
Treaty of Wuchale Peace treaty between Ethiopia and Italy, subsequently disputed.
Puna de Atacama dispute Secret treaty between Argentina and Bolivia (see also 1891)
1890 Heligoland–Zanzibar Treaty[note 123] Agreement between the Great Britain and Germany concerning mainly territorial interests in Africa.
1891 Treaty of Madrid (1891)[note 124] Gives France legal protection of the word champagne.
Puna de Atacama dispute Secret treaty between Chili and Bolivia (see also 1889)
1895 Treaty of The Hague (1895) Establishes boundaries of British New Guinea.
Treaty of Shimonoseki[note 125] Ends the First Sino-Japanese War between China and Japan.
Treaty of Friendship, Commerce and Navigation between Brazil and Japan[83] Establishes diplomatic and commercial relations between Brazil and Japan.
1896 Treaty of Addis Ababa Abrogates the Treaty of Wuchale, formally ends the First Italo–Ethiopian War, and recognizes Ethiopia as an independent state.
1897 Treaty of Constantinople (1897) Ends hostilities between the Ottoman Empire and Greece. Greece pays reparations. Crete autonomous under Ottoman suzerainty (Cretan State).
Franco-Ethiopian treaty (1897) France and Ethiopia the boundary between Ethiopia and French Somaliland.
1898 Treaty of Paris (1898) Ends the Spanish–American War.
Convention for the Extension of Hong Kong Territory[note 126] China cedes the New Territories to Great Britain.
1899 Hague Conventions of 1899 and 1907 Attempts to formalize laws of war.
Tripartite Convention (1899) Divides Samoa between the United States and Germany.
Kiram-Bates Treaty Treaty of the United States with the Sultanate of Sulu to stay out of the Philippine–American War. Subsequently, betrayed by the Americans after the war, sparking the Moro Rebellion.
Treaty 8 Cree and Chipewyan Indians cede northern British Columbia, Alberta, and Saskatchewan to Canada and

accept Canadian sovereignty.[84]


Year Name Summary
1900 Treaty of Paris Ends all conflicting claims over Río Muni (Equatorial Guinea).
Treaty of Washington Seeks to remove any ground of misunderstanding growing out of the interpretation of Article III of the Treaty of Paris (1898) by clarifying specifics of territories relinquished to the United States by Spain.[85]
Convention for the Preservation of Wild Animals, Birds and Fish in Africa First international agreement on wildlife conservation.
1901 Hay–Pauncefote Treaty Replaces the Clayton–Bulwer Treaty.
Boxer Protocol[note 127] Peace agreement between the Eight-Nation Alliance and China.
1902 Anglo-Japanese Alliance Treaty of alliance between England and Japan; signed by Lord Lansdowne and Hayashi Tadasu.
Treaty of Vereeniging Ends the Second Boer War.
1903 Cuban–American Treaty of Relations (1903) The Republic of Cuba grants the United States the right to lease land in the Guantánamo Bay area.
Hay–Herrán Treaty The United States attempts to acquire a lease on Panama.
Hay–Herbert Treaty Between the United Kingdom and the United States on the location of the border between Alaska and Canada.
Hay–Bunau-Varilla Treaty[note 128] Establishes the Panama Canal Zone.
Treaty of Petrópolis Ends tensions between Bolivia and Brazil over the territory of Acre.
Southern African Customs Union Agreement Creates customs union between British colonies and protectorates in Southern Africa.
1904 Treaty of Peace and Friendship (1904) Fixes borders between Chile and Bolivia.
Treaty of Lhasa Between Great Britain and Tibet.
1905 Treaty of Portsmouth Ends the Russo-Japanese War.
Treaty of Björkö A secret mutual defense accord between the German Empire and Russia.
October Manifesto Response to Russian Revolution of 1905. Created the Duma but Tsar Nicholas II of Russia disregarded it after the country was stable again and continued his absolute rule.
Taft–Katsura Agreement[note 129] Japan and the United States agree on spheres of influence in Asia.
Convention of Karlstad This treaty dissolves of the union between Norway and Sweden established by the Convention of Moss and Treaty of Kiel in 1814.
Japan–Korea Treaty of 1905 This treaty deprived Korean Empire of its diplomatic sovereignty, in effect making Korea a protectorate of Empire of Japan; void in 1965.
Treaty 9 (James Bay Treaty) Conducted at Osnaburgh House trade post, on Lake St. Joseph (Albany River), Ontario, Canada, negotiating an agreement between the Canadian monarch, King Edward VII, and First Nations. There were later adhesions to the treaty.[86]
1906 Second Geneva Convention Specifies the treatment of wounded, sick and shipwrecked members of armed forces at sea.
Treaty 10 Conducted at Île-à-la-Crosse and Lac du Brochet, Saskatchewan, Canada, negotiating an agreement between the Canadian monarch, King Edward VII, and First Nations. There were later adhesions to the treaty in 1907.[87]
Treaty of Limits (Brazil–Netherlands) Defined international boundary between Brazil and Dutch colony of Surinam
1907 Rome Agreement Arrangement for the creation at Paris of an Office international d'hygiène publique, signed at Rome on 9 December 1907
1909 Anglo-Siamese Treaty of 1909[note 130] Formally divides northern Malay states between Siam and the British Empire.
1910 Japan–Korea Treaty of 1910 Begins the period of Korea under Japanese rule; declared null and void in 1965.
Brussels Collision Convention Governs apportionment of legal liability in maritime collision cases.
1911 North Pacific Fur Seal Convention of 1911 First international treaty seeking the management and conservation of wildlife.
Treaty of Daan Ends the Zaidi insurgency in Yemen in exchange for autonomy within the Ottoman Empire.
1912 International Opium Convention The first international drug control treaty.
1913 Treaty of London (1913) Ends the First Balkan War.
Treaty of Bucharest (1913) Ends the Second Balkan War.
Treaty of friendship and alliance between the Government of Mongolia and Tibet Alliance between Mongolia and Tibet.
Treaty of Athens Peace treaty between Ottoman Empire and Greece. Ottoman Empire acknowledges union of Crete with Greece.
Treaty of Constantinople (1913) Peace treaty between Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria. Bulgaria acknowledges Ottoman control on Eastern Thrace.
1914 Bryan–Chamorro Treaty The United States acquires the rights to any canal built in Nicaragua, to build a naval base in the Gulf of Fonseca, and to lease the Great and Little Corn Islands in the Caribbean; ratified in 1916.
1915 Treaty of London (1915) (London Pact) Italy enters World War I.
Treaty of Kyakhta (1915) Status of Mongolia
1916 Sykes–Picot Agreement France and the United Kingdom define spheres of influence in the Middle East.
Treaty of Bucharest (1916) Alliance between Romania and the Entente.
1917 Agreement of Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne August 18 – September 26, 1917.
Lansing–Ishii Agreement Trade treaty between the United States and Japan.
Corfu Declaration Statement of intention to form a Kingdom of Yugoslavia.
1918 Treaty of Brest-Litovsk (Ukraine–Central Powers) Between the Ukrainian People's Republic and the Central Powers.
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk Between Russia and the Central Powers; Russia pulls out of World War I.
Treaty of Bucharest (1918) Between Romania and the Central Powers; never ratified.
Treaty of Batum Between the First Republic of Armenia and the Ottoman Empire.
Armistice of Mudros Ends the Middle-Eastern part of World War I and forces the Ottomans to renounce most of their imperial holdings.
Armistice of Villa Giusti Between the Kingdom of Italy and Austria-Hungary, ending warfare on Italian Front during World War I.
Armistice with Germany Between France, Britain, and Germany, ending World War I
Treaty of Rongbatsa Agreement upon borders between India, Nepal, Tibet and China.
1919 Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye (1919) Dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
Treaty of Versailles Formally ends World War I.
Treaty of Neuilly-sur-Seine Between Allied Powers and Bulgaria.
Faisal–Weizmann Agreement Agreement for Arab–Jewish cooperation in the Middle East.
Anglo-Afghan Treaty of 1919 (Treaty of Rawalpindi) Between the United Kingdom and Afghanistan during the Third Anglo-Afghan War; United Kingdom recognizes Afghanistan's independence; amended in 1921.
1920 Seventh Treaty of Paris Union of Bessarabia and Romania.
Treaty of Warsaw (1920) Between the Second Polish Republic and the Ukrainian People's Republic.
Treaty of Brno (1920) Naturalizes all populaces within the respective language groups of Austria and Czechoslovakia.
Treaty of Rapallo (1920) Between Italy and the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (subsequently the Kingdom of Yugoslavia).
Treaty of Moscow (1920) Mutual recognition of the Russian SFSR and the Democratic Republic of Georgia
Treaty of Tartu (Russian–Finnish) Establishes border between Russia and Finland.
Treaty of Tartu (Russian–Estonian) Establishes border between Russia and Estonia.
Treaty of Trianon Regulates the newly independent Hungary.
Treaty of Sèvres Peace between the Allies of World War I and the Ottoman Empire.
Latvian–Soviet Peace Treaty Brings peace between the Republic of Latvia and Russian SFSR.
Treaty of Alexandropol Ends the war between Turkish nationalists and the Armenian Republic.
Svalbard Treaty[note 131] The Arctic archipelago of Svalbard becomes part of the Kingdom of Norway.
1921 Franco-Polish alliance (1921) Military alliance between Poland and France that was active between 1921 and 1940.
Anglo-Irish Treaty[note 132] Ends the Irish War of Independence and created the Irish Free State.
Peace of Riga[note 133] Ends the Polish–Soviet War.
Thomson–Urrutia Treaty Colombia recognizes Panama's independence in return for 25 million dollars.
Treaty of Berlin (1921) Separate post-World War I peace agreement between the United States and Germany.
Treaty of Kars Friendship treaty between Turkey and the Soviet governments of the Transcaucasian Republics.
Treaty of Ankara (1921)[note 134] France agrees to evacuate Cilicia in return for economic concessions from Turkey; Turkey acknowledges French imperial sovereignty over Syria.
Russo-Persian Treaty of Friendship (1921) Grants both Iran and the Soviet Union full and equal shipping rights in the Caspian Sea.
Treaty of Moscow (1921) A friendship treaty between the Grand National Assembly of Turkey (TBMM) and the Bolshevik government of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.
Anglo–Afghan Treaty of 1921 Amendments to and expansion of the Anglo-Afghan Treaty of 1919 between the United Kingdom and Afghanistan
Treaty 11 Conducted at Northwest Territories, Canada, negotiating an agreement between the Canadian monarch, King George V, and First Nations. There were further signings in 1921.[88]
1922 Washington Naval Treaty[note 135] Attempts to limit naval expansion.
Treaty of Rapallo (1922) Between the Weimar Republic and Bolshevist Russia.
Treaty on the Creation of the USSR Legalized the creation of a union of several Republics of the Soviet Union in the form of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
1923 Treaty of Lausanne (1923) Sets the boundaries of modern Turkey.
Halibut Treaty Canadian-American agreement concerning fishing rights in the northern Pacific Ocean.
Convention and Statute on the International Régime of Maritime Ports Mandated equal treatment of all ships in maritime ports, regardless of nationality.
1924 Brussels Agreement (1924) Multilateral treaty providing for medical treatment of seamen with venereal diseases.
Treaty of Rome (1924) Revokes parts of the Treaty of Rapallo (1920) that created the independent Free State of Fiume; Fiume would be annexed to Italy while the town of Sušak would be assigned to Yugoslavia.
1925 Treaty of Nettuno Defines border and immigration policy between the Kingdom of Italy and the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.
Locarno Treaties Seven treaties between the World War I Western European Allied powers and the new states of central and Eastern Europe.
1926 Treaty of Berlin (1926) Germany and the Soviet Union pledge neutrality.
Treaty of San'a Italian recognition of Yahya Muhammad Hamid ed-Din as king of Yemen, and Yemeni claims to Aden.
1927 Treaty of Jeddah (1927) Establishes the independence of present-day Saudi Arabia from the United Kingdom.
1928 Kellogg–Briand Pact[note 136] Calls "for the renunciation of war as an instrument of national policy".
Italo-Ethiopian Treaty of 1928 20 year treaty of peace between the Kingdom of Italy and the Empire of Ethiopia.
1929 Lateran Treaty The Kingdom of Italy and the Vatican City formally recognize each other.
Geneva Convention (1929) Establishes rules for the treatment of prisoners of war; predecessor of the 1949 Third Geneva Convention.
International Convention for the Suppression of Counterfeiting Currency Criminalises the counterfeiting of currency.
1930 London Naval Treaty[note 137] Regulates submarine warfare and shipbuilding.
Convention Between the United States and Great Britain (1930) Definitely delimits the boundary between North Borneo (then a British protectorate) and the Philippine archipelago (then a U.S. Territory).
1931 Treaty of Westminster (1931)[note 138] Creates the British Commonwealth.
1932 Soviet–Polish Non-Aggression Pact International treaty of non-aggression signed by representatives of Poland and the USSR.
1934 German–Polish declaration of non-aggression International treaty between Nazi Germany and the Second Polish Republic; both countries pledged to settle disputes through bilateral negotiations.
Balkan Pact Between Greece, Turkey, Romania, and Yugoslavia; signatories agree to suspend all disputed territorial claims against each other.
1935 Franco-Soviet Treaty of Mutual Assistance Bilateral pact between France and the USSR with the aim of containing German aggression.
Treaty of Establishment, Commerce and Navigation[note 139] Reinforces the Russo-Persian Treaty of Friendship.
1936 Anglo-Egyptian Treaty of 1936 The United Kingdom withdraws its troops from Egypt except those necessary to protect the Suez Canal and its surroundings.
Franco-Syrian Treaty of Independence (1936) France provides independence to Syria.
Montreux Convention Regarding the Regime of the Straits Approve Turkish control on Bosphorus and Dardanelles Straits
1937 International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling Establishes limitations on whaling practices; protocols signed in 1938 and again in 1945.
Treaty of Saadabad[note 140] A non-aggression pact signed by Turkey, Iran, Iraq and Afghanistan.
1938 Munich Agreement Surrenders the Sudetenland to Germany.
1939 Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact[note 141] Soviet-German non-aggression pact.
Pact of Steel Pact of Friendship and Alliance between Germany and Italy.
1940 Moscow Peace Treaty Ends the Winter War.
Treaty of Commerce and Navigation Reinforces the Treaty of Establishment, Commerce and Navigation between Iran and the Soviet Union.
Tripartite Pact Axis Powers of Second World War are formed
Treaty of Craiova Romania cedes territories to Bulgaria.
1941 Tokyo Convention Ends the Franco-Thai War.
1942 Anglo-Soviet Treaty of 1942 Twenty-year mutual assistance agreement between the United Kingdom and the USSR that establishes both a military and political alliance.
1944 Bretton Woods Agreement Establishes rules for commercial and financial relations among the major industrial states.
Tito–Šubašić Agreement[note 142] Attempts to merge Yugoslavian governments.
Chicago Convention on International Civil Aviation Establishes the International Civil Aviation Organization; ratified in 1947.
London Protocol (1944) Prepares for the division of Germany into three occupation zones.
1945 Treaty of Varkiza[note 143] Attempts to officially end the Greek Civil War.
United Nations Charter Establishes the United Nations.
Wanfried Agreement Transfers three Hessian villages to the Soviet Union and two Eichsfeld villages to the United States.
1946 Bermuda Agreement Bilateral agreement on civil aviation between the United States and United Kingdom.
Keflavik Agreement Between the US and Iceland
Gruber–De Gasperi Agreement South Tyrol and Trentino remain part of Italy, but ensures their autonomy as region of Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol.
International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling Replaces the International Agreement for the Regulation of Whaling; governs the commercial, scientific, and aboriginal subsistence whaling practices of fifty-nine member nations.
1946 Lake Success Protocol[note 144] Shifts drug control functions previously assigned to the League of Nations to the United Nations.
Treaty of Manila (1946)[note 145] The United States recognizes the independence of the Republic of the Philippines.
Treaty of London (1946) Great Britain recognizes the independence of Transjordan.
1947 General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade[note 146] Establishes international trade rules.
Paris Peace Treaties, 1947 Formally ends World War II in the European Theatre.
Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance[note 147] A "hemispheric defense" doctrine signed by many nations in the Americas.
1949 North Atlantic Treaty[note 148] Establishes NATO, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
Fourth Geneva Convention[note 149] Establishes rules for the protection of civilians during wartime.
Treaty of The Hague (1949) The Netherlands grants independence to Indonesia except for the South Molucca Islands and West Irian.
Treaty of London (1949) Creates the Council of Europe.
1950 Liaquat–Nehru Pact Between Pakistani Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan and Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, India.
Treaty of Zgorzelec[note 150] Establishes borders between the Republic of Poland and the German Democratic Republic.
1951 Mutual Defense Treaty (U.S.–Philippines) A mutual defense accord between the Philippines and the United States.
Genocide Convention Defines and outlaws genocide.
Treaty of San Francisco[note 151] Formally ends the war between the Allies of World War II and Japan.
Security Treaty Between the United States and Japan A mutual defense agreement between the United States and Japan; goes into effect on April 28, 1952.
U.S. and Japan Mutual Defense Assistance Agreement Permits U.S. armed forces to station troops in Japan while encouraging Japan to rearm for defensive purposes only; goes into effect on May 1, 1954.
1952 ANZUS Treaty[note 152] Alliance between Australia, New Zealand and the United States.
Treaty of Taipei[note 153] Peace treaty between Japan and the Republic of China.
General Treaty[note 154] Treaty between the Federal Republic of Germany and the Western Allies (France, UK, USA) restoring (limited) German sovereignty.
International Convention relating to Arrest of Sea-going Ships Standardises rules relating to arrest of ships in port.
1953 Korean War Armistice Agreement[89] Ended the fighting between the United Nations Command and the Korean People's Army & PRC People's Liberation Army.
1954 Central Treaty Organization[note 155] Alliance of Middle Eastern countries and the United Kingdom.
Southeast Asia Collective Defense Treaty[note 156] Established the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization, (SEATO), a defensive alliance between Australia, France, New Zealand, Pakistan, Philippines, South Korea, South Vietnam, Thailand, the United Kingdom and the United States.
1955 Asian–African Conference[note 157] Conference stated to promote Afro-Asian economic and cultural cooperation and to oppose colonialism or neocolonialism by the United States, the Soviet Union, or any other "imperialistic" nation.
Austrian State Treaty[note 158] Re-establishes a free, sovereign and democratic Austria.
Simonstown Agreement The Royal Navy surrenders its naval base at Simonstown, South Africa and transfers command of the South African Navy to the government of South Africa.
Warsaw Pact[note 159] Alliance of Central and Eastern European communist states.
1956 Soviet–Japanese Joint Declaration of 1956 Reestablishes diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Japan following World War II.
1957 Anglo-Malayan Defence Agreement[note 160] Provides a security umbrella for the independent Malaya.
Treaty of Rome[note 161] Establishes the European Economic Community.
International Atomic Energy Treaty Establishes the International Atomic Energy Agency.
1958 1958 US–UK Mutual Defence Agreement Bilateral treaty between the United States and the United Kingdom on nuclear weapons cooperation.
Lisbon Agreement for the Protection of Appellations of Origin and their International Registration Protection of Appellations of Origin and establishment of an International Register of Appellations of Origin, run by the World Intellectual Property Organization.
Convention on the Territorial Sea and the Contiguous Zone Provides new universal legal controls for the management of marine natural resources and the control of pollution.
1959 Antarctic Treaty System[note 162] Sets aside Antarctica as a scientific preserve, establishes freedom of scientific investigation and bans military activity on the continent; comes into force in 1961.
1960 Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security
between the United States and Japan
Strengthens Japan's ties to the "West" during the Cold War era.
The Indus Waters Treaty 1960 Water sharing treaty between India and Pakistan.
1960 Treaty of Montevideo Establishes the Latin American Free Trade Association.
London and Zurich Agreements Between United Kingdom, Turkey and Greece about the independence and Guarantee of Cyprus.
1961 Arms Control and Disarmament Agency Strengthens U.S. national security by implementing effective policies of arms control and disarmament.
Apostille Convention International treaty drafted by the Hague Conference on Private International Law. It specifies the modalities through which a document issued in one of the signatory countries can be certified for legal purposes in all the other signatory states. Such a certification is called an apostille (French: certification). The apostille is an international certification. The treaty is also officially known as the Hague Convention Abolishing the Requirement of Legalisation for Foreign Public Documents.
Columbia River Treaty International agreement between Canada and the United States on the development and operation of the upper Columbia River basin.
Vienna Convention
on Diplomatic Relations
International treaty on diplomatic intercourse and the privileges and immunities of diplomatic missions; came into force in 1964.
Alliance for Progress U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower attempts to establish economic cooperation between North America and South America.
Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs International treaty regulating the manufacture and use for medical purposes, and banning the trafficking of narcotic drugs.
Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness International treaty against statelessness; goes into effect on December 13, 1975.
1962 Nassau Agreement The United States provides the United Kingdom with nuclear-armed Polaris missiles in return for a nuclear submarine base in the Holy Loch, near Glasgow.
New York Agreement Agreement between the Republic of Indonesia and the Kingdom of the Netherlands Concerning West New Guinea (West Irian). Transferred responsibility for a territory to the United Nations and arranged for subsequent administration by Indonesia pending an act of self-determination defined in agreement.
1963 Vienna Convention
on Consular Relations
Multilateral treaty that codifies consular practices.
Vienna Convention
on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage
Sets rules of liability for any and all forms of nuclear damage.
Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty[note 163] Prohibiting all test detonations of nuclear weapons except underground.
Élysée Treaty[note 164] Franco-German agreement for joint cooperation in foreign policy, economic and military integration, and exchange of student education.
Strasbourg Convention[note 165] Harmonizes patent laws across European countries.
1965 Merger Treaty Organizes the European Coal and Steel Community, the European Economic Community and Euratom; creates European Commission and the Council of the European Communities; comes into force on July 1, 1967.
Treaty on Basic Relations between Japan and the Republic of Korea Established basic relationship between Japan and the Republic of Korea (South Korea).
1967 Treaty of Tlatelolco[note 166] Keeps Latin American and the Caribbean regions free of nuclear weapons.
ASEAN Declaration[note 167] Founding document of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations.
WIPO Convention[note 168] Established the World Intellectual Property Organization.
Outer Space Treaty[note 169] Forbids the placing of nuclear weapons or any other weapons of mass destruction on celestial bodies and into outer space in general.
1968 Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons[note 170] Limits the spread of nuclear weapons through non-proliferation, disarmament, and the right to utilize nuclear technology for peaceful purposes.
1969 Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination Commits signatories to the elimination of racial discrimination and the promotion of understanding among all races.
Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties[note 171] Codifies the pre-existing international customary law on treaties with some necessary gap-filling and clarifications.
Arusha Agreement Establishes better economic relations between the European Community and the nations of Kenya, Uganda, and Tanzania; comes into force in 1971.
1970 Hague Hijacking Convention Criminalises the hijacking of civil aviation aircraft.
Patent Cooperation Treaty[note 172] Provides a unified procedure for filing patent applications to protect inventions internationally; comes into force in 1978; amended in 1979; modified in 1984 and 2001.
Boundary Treaty of 1970 Settles boundary disputes between the United States and Mexico.
Treaty of Warsaw (1970) West Germany and the People's Republic of Poland pledge themselves to nonviolence and accept the Oder–Neisse line; ratified in 1972.
1971 Convention on Psychotropic Substances Attempts to control psychoactive drugs such as amphetamines, barbiturates, and LSD.
Five Power Defence Arrangements[note 173] Security agreement between Australia, Malaysia, New Zealand, Singapore and the United Kingdom.
Ramsar Convention Focuses on the conservation and sustainable utilization of wetlands; goes into effect in 1975.
IPC Agreement[note 174] Establishes a common classification for patents for invention, inventors' certificates, utility models and utility certificates; goes into effect in 1975; amended in 1979.
Seabed Arms Control Treaty[note 175] Bans the placement of nuclear weapons on the ocean floor beyond a 12-mile (19 km) coastal zone; comes into force in 1972.
Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Civil Aviation Criminalises sabotage of civil aircraft and dangerous acts on board aircraft
Indo-Soviet Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation Specifies strategic cooperation between India and the Soviet Union.
1972 Addis Ababa Agreement (1972) A series of accords between the government of Sudan and insurgents in Southern Sudan, which ended the First Sudanese Civil War
Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty[note 176] Limits the use of anti-ballistic missile (ABM) systems in defending areas against missile-delivered nuclear weapons (US PL 92-448).
Basic Treaty (1972)[note 177] Establishes relations between the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic; comes into effect in 1973.
Biological Weapons Convention[note 178] First multilateral disarmament treaty banning the production of an entire category of biological weapons (with exceptions for medical and defensive purposes in small quantities).
Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Seals Provides protection for Antarctic seals; comes into effect in 1978.
London Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter Attempts to control pollution of the sea via deliberate dumping by vessels, aircraft, and platforms.
Sino-Japanese Joint Communiqué[note 179] Japan recognizes PRC as the sole legal Government of China; and China renounces its demand for war reparation from Japan
Simla Agreement[note 180] Normalised relations between India and Pakistan following the Bangladesh Liberation War.
1973 European Patent Convention[note 181] Multilateral treaty instituting the European Patent Organisation.
Agreement on the Transfer of Corpses Establishes rules and standards for the transfer of human corpses across international borders
CITES- The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora Also known as the Washington Convention; Regulates international trade of endangered species of animals and plants (live specimens, as well as their parts and derivatives)
Treaty of Chaguaramas Establishes the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) signed by Barbados, Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana,and Jamaica and replaces the previous Caribbean Free Trade Association in 1974.
Paris Peace Accords Formalized American withdrawal from Vietnam.
Vientiane Treaty A cease-fire agreement between the monarchial government of Laos and the communist Pathet Lao.
Agreement on the Transfer of Corpses Establishes rules and standards for the transport of human corpses across international borders. Intended to replace a similar 1937 treaty.
Sunningdale Agreement Established a power-sharing Northern Ireland Executive under Brian Faulkner of the UUP and Gerry Fitt of the SDLP.
1974 Japan–Australia Migratory Bird Agreement[note 182] Treaty between Australia and Japan to minimise harm to the major areas used by birds that migrate between the two countries; comes into force in 1981.
Threshold Test Ban Treaty[note 183] Establishes a nuclear "threshold" by prohibiting nuclear tests of devices having a yield exceeding 150 kilotons.
1975 Treaty of Osimo Divides the Free Territory of Trieste between Italy and Yugoslavia.
Treaty of Lagos Establishes the Economic Community of West African States.
1976 Environmental Modification Convention[note 184] Prohibits the military or other hostile use of environmental modification techniques; comes into force in 1978.
Treaty of Amity and Cooperation in Southeast Asia Treaty signed among the founding members of ASEAN and acceded to by all ASEAN members and 15 non-members.
Convention on Limitation of Liability for Maritime Claims Admiralty law treaty regarding liability for maritime claims.
1977 Torrijos–Carter Treaties Abrogates the Hay–Bunau-Varilla Treaty and guarantees Panama its eventual control of the Panama Canal after 1999.
1978 Camp David Accords Agreement between Egypt and Israel.
Treaty of Peace and Friendship between
Japan and the People's Republic of China
Peace agreement between Japan and the People's Republic of China.
1979 Egypt–Israel peace treaty Israel and Egypt agree to mutually recognize each other; Israel agrees to withdraw its troops from the Sinai Peninsula in return for Israeli ships to gain free passage through the Suez Canal.
Moon Treaty[note 185] Turns jurisdiction of all heavenly bodies to the international community; goes into effect in 1984.
Treaty of Accession 1979 New members for the European union
Treaty of Montevideo Both Argentina and Chile pledge to a peaceful solution to their border disputes at the Beagle Channel.
1983 Australia New Zealand Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement[note 186] A free trade agreement between the governments of New Zealand and Australia.
1984 Sino-British Joint Declaration[note 187] The United Kingdom relinquishes Hong Kong to the People's Republic of China.
Nkomati Accord Nonagression treaty between Mozambique and the Republic of South Africa.
Oujda Treaty Morocco and Libya establish the Arabic–African Union.
Treaty of Peace and Friendship of 1984 between Chile and Argentina Resolves disputes between Argentina and Chile over the possession of the Picton, Lennox and Nueva islands.
1985 Plaza Accord The Group of Five agree to devalue the US dollar in relation to the Japanese yen and German Deutsche Mark by intervening in currency markets.
Schengen Agreement Establishes for the European Community a border system and a common policy on the temporary entry of persons.
1985 Helsinki Protocol on the Reduction of Sulphur Emissions[note 188] Provides for a 30% reduction in sulphur emissions and their transboundary fluxes by 1993; comes into effect in 1987.
Treaty of Rarotonga[note 189] Formalizes a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the South Pacific.
1986 China–Australia Migratory Bird Agreement Treaty between Australia and China to minimise harm to major areas used by birds that migrate between the two countries; comes into force in 1988.
Convention on Early Notification of a Nuclear Accident In the wake of the Chernobyl disaster, states agree to promptly notify each other and the IAEA of nuclear accidents that occur.
1987 Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty Eliminates nuclear and conventional ground-launched ballistic and cruise missiles with ranges of 500 to 5,500 kilometers (310 to 3,420 miles); ratified and comes into force in 1988.
Joint Declaration on the Question of Macau[note 190] Portugal relinquishes Macau to the People's Republic of China.
1988 Nitrogen Oxide Protocol[note 191] Provides for the control or reduction of nitrogen oxides and their transboundary fluxes; comes into effect in 1991.
United Nations Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Enforcing the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs and the 1971 Convention on Psychotropic Substances.
Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Maritime Navigation Criminalises hijacking and other dangerous acts on ships.
Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts of Violence at Airports serving International Civil Aviation Protocol to the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Civil Aviation, criminalises dangerous or violent acts in airports
1989 Montreal Protocol[note 192] Attempts to protect the ozone layer by phasing out the production of a number of substances believed to be responsible for ozone depletion.
Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe[note 193] Establishes limits on key categories of conventional military equipment in Europe and mandates the destruction of excess weaponry.
Timor Gap Treaty Between the governments of Australia and Indonesia; rewritten in 2001.
Wellington Convention Prohibits the use of fishing driftnets in the South Pacific that are longer than 2.5 metres.
1990 Malaysia–Singapore Points of Agreement of 1990 Treaty regarding the future of railway land owned by the Malaysian government through Malayan Railways in Singapore.
1990 Chemical Weapons Accord On June 1, 1990, Presidents George H. W. Bush and Mikhail Gorbachev sign the bilateral U.S.-Soviet Chemical Weapons Accord.
Treaty on the Final Settlement with Respect to Germany The Four Powers renounce all rights they formerly held in Germany and Germany renounces all claims to territories east of the Oder–Neisse line.
1991 Brioni Agreement Ends ten-day war in Slovenia.
Abuja Treaty International agreement that creates the African Economic Community.
Treaty of Asunción International treaty signed between Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay and Paraguay, served as the basis for the establishment of the Mercosur trade bloc.
Belavezha Accords Agreement which declared the Soviet Union effectively dissolved and established the Commonwealth of Independent States in its place.
1992 Maastricht Treaty[note 194] Establishes the European Union.
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change[note 195] Attempts to reduce emissions of greenhouse gas in order to combat global warming.
Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) Conservation of biological diversity (or biodiversity), sustainable use of its components, and a fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from genetic resources.
Treaty on Open Skies Establishes an international program of unarmed aerial surveillance flights over all participants' territories.
CIS Collective Security Treaty Armenia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan establish framework for the Commonwealth of Independent States.
Sochi agreement Georgian and South Ossetian forces signed a ceasefire to halt the contemporaneously recognized "civil war."
1993 Oslo I Accord[note 196] Between the Israeli government and the Palestine Liberation Organization.
Chemical Weapons Convention[note 197] Outlaws the production, stockpiling and use of chemical weapons.
1994 Israel–Jordan peace treaty[note 198] Normalizes relations between Israel and Jordan and resolves territorial disputes between them.
North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) Free trade agreement between Canada, the United States of America, and Mexico.
Kremlin accords Stops the preprogrammed aiming of nuclear missiles at targets in any nation and provides for the dismantling of Russian nuclear weapons in Ukraine.
Bishkek Protocol Provisional ceasefire agreement between Armenia and Azerbaijan.
United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea[note 199] Provides universal legal controls for the management of marine natural resources and the control of pollution.
United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification[note 200] Agreement to combat desertification and to mitigate the effects of drought; comes into force in 1996.
Convention on Nuclear Safety States agree to general safety rules regarding civilian nuclear power plants and programmes.
Budapest Memorandum on Security Assurances Provides security guarantee to Ukraine, Kazakhstan and Belarus from US, UK and Russia.
1995 Erdut Agreement[note 201] Peaceful resolution of the conflict in Eastern Slavonia.
Dayton Agreement[note 202] Ends Bosnian War.
General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATT)[note 203] Extends the multilateral trading system to provide services (i.e. tertiary sector of industry).
1996 Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty[note 204] Forbids all nuclear explosions in all environments for military or civilian purposes.
Khasavyurt Accord Ceasefire agreement that ends the First Chechen War.
WIPO Copyright Treaty[note 205] Provides additional protections for copyright deemed necessary due to advances in information technology.
WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty[note 206] Establishes rights and privileges for performers and producers of audio-visual works.
1997 Amsterdam Treaty[note 207] Substantially revises the Maastricht Treaty; comes into effect on May 1, 1999.
Ottawa Treaty[note 208] Bans all anti-personnel landmines (AP-mines).
Chemical Weapons Convention[note 209] Outlaws the production, stockpiling and use of chemical weapons.
Kyoto Protocol[note 210] Mandates the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions; negotiated in 1997, ratified in 2004, and went into effect in 2005.
Russian - Ukrainian Friendship Treaty[note 211] Fixes the principle of strategic partnership, the recognition of the inviolability of existing borders, respect for territorial integrity and mutual commitment not to use its territory to harm the security of each other. Ratified in 1998 by Ukraine and in 1999 by Russia.
1998 Good Friday Agreement[note 212] Major political development in the Northern Ireland peace process.
POP Air Pollution Protocol[note 213] Agreement to provide for the control and reduction of emissions of persistent organic pollutants; has not yet come into effect.
Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court[note 214] Establishes the International Criminal Court.
1999 Adapted Conventional Armed Forces in Europe Treaty Replaces ceilings given to NATO and the Warsaw Pact with territorial ones.
East African Community Treaty Establishes the East African Community between Uganda, Kenya and the Republic of Tanzania; goes into effect on July 7, 2000.
Kumanovo Agreement Concluded the Kosovo War; went into effect on June 9, 1999.
Narrative Protocol on Eastern and Western Sections of the China-Russia Boundary between the Government of the People's Republic of China and the Government of the Russian Federation China's Jiang Zemin and Russia's president, Boris Yeltsin, signed in Beijing on Dec 9th, 1999. The treaty formally recognized 1.6 million square kilometers of land occupied by Russia belongs to Russia, and gave Russia the exit point of the Tumen River, cutting off northeast China from the Sea of Japan
Treaty Between the United States of America and Ukraine on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters Establishes an agreement to provide mutual assistance in connection with the investigation, prosecution and prevention of offenses, and in proceedings related to criminal matters.[90]


Year Name Summary
2000 Cotonou Agreement Attempts to reduce poverty and integrate the ACP countries into the world economy; came into force in 2002.
Patent Law Treaty[note 215] Harmonizes formal procedures such as the requirements to obtain a filing date for a patent application, the form and content of a patent application, and representation.
Treaty of Jeddah (2000) Resolves a border dispute between Saudi Arabia and Yemen that dates backs to Saudi boundary claims made in 1934.
Algiers Agreement (2000) A peace agreement between Eritrea and Ethiopia to formally end the Eritrean-Ethiopian War.
2001 Agreement on the Conservation of Albatrosses and Petrels Attempts to prevent the decline of seabird populations in the southern hemisphere, particularly albatrosses and procellariidae.
Treaty of Nice Amends two founding treaties of the European Union.
Ohrid Agreement Ends the armed conflict between the Albanian National Liberation Army and FYROM (now called North Macedonia).
2001 Sino-Russian Treaty of Friendship Twenty-year strategic treaty between Russia and the People's Republic of China.
Convention on Cybercrime Prohibits the use of computers or networks as tools for criminal activity.
2002 ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution Between ASEAN nations to bring haze pollution under control in Southeast Asia.
Gbadolite Agreement Attempts to cease hostilities between the warring factions in the Second Congo War; treaty has limited effect.
Pretoria Accord Rwandan troops withdraw from the Democratic Republic of the Congo in exchange for international commitment towards the disarmament of the interahamwe and the ex-FAR fighters.
Strategic Offensive Reductions Treaty[note 216] Limits the nuclear arsenals of Russia and the United States.
2003 ASEAN Free Trade Area[note 217] Agreement by the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, of local manufacturing in all ASEAN countries.
Treaty of Accession 2003 Integrates ten nations into the European Union; came into force on May 1, 2004.
Accra Comprehensive Peace Agreement Ended the Second Liberian Civil War on August 18, 2003.
WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control[note 218] First public health treaty of the world; came into force on February 27, 2005. Its purpose is to "protect present and future generations from the devastating health, social, environmental and economic consequences of tobacco consumption and exposure to tobacco smoke."
2004 International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture[note 219] Assures farmers' facilitated access to seeds of the world's food security crops; came into force on June 29, 2004.
2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement[note 220] Ended the Second Sudanese Civil War between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Army; creates the Government of National Unity. Signed on January 9, 2005, and scheduled for full implementation by July 9, 2011.
Energy Community Treaty Establishes the Energy Community.
Treaty of Accession 2005 Integrates two nations (Bulgaria and Romania) into the European Union; came into force on January 1, 2007.
2006 Tripoli Agreement[note 221] Ends Chadian-Sudanese conflict.
Waziristan Accord[note 222] Ends Waziristan War.
St Andrews Agreement Resolves outstanding grievances in the Northern Ireland peace process, enabling devolved power-sharing government to resume.
2007 Treaty of Lisbon Reforming the European Union.
ASEAN Charter New constitution making the Association of Southeast Asian Nations a legal entity.
2008 UNASUR Constitutive Treaty[91] Treaty establishing the Union of South American Nations.
2010 Barents Sea border treaty Treaty signed 15 September in Murmansk between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Kingdom of Norway. This treaty ends decades of negotiations over the maritime border in the Barents Sea.[92]
Nagoya Protocol Implementation of one of the three objectives of the Convention on Biological Diversity (1992): fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources, thereby contributing to the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity.
Global Plan of Action to Combat Trafficking in Persons A human trafficking action plan adopted by the United Nations[93]
2011 Arctic Search and Rescue Agreement Treaty among the 8 member states of the Arctic Council signed 12 May 2011. It coordinates international search and rescue (SAR) coverage and response in the Arctic.
Treaty of Accession 2011 Integrates Croatia into the European Union; came into force on July 1, 2013.
2012 Framework Agreement on the Bangsamoro Treaty between the Philippine government and the Islamic liberation group, Moro Islamic Liberation Front. The treaty seeks to create a new autonomous political entity named Bangsamoro to replace the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao.
2013 Intergovernmental Agreement on Dry Ports Treaty among the members of the member states of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific to facilitate cooperation in the development of a network of dry ports in Asia.
2014 Convention on the Manipulation of Sports Competitions Council of Europe treaty to combat match fixing in sports
Treaty on the Accession of Crimea to Russia Treaty signed between Russia and the self-declared independent Republic of Crimea which is only recognised by a small number of countries
2015 Paris Agreement Agreement dealing with greenhouse gas emissions mitigation
Geneva Act of the Lisbon Agreement on Appellations of Origin and Geographical Indications Treaty extending protections of the Lisbon Agreement (1958) to Geographical Indications
2017 Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons The first legally binding international agreement to comprehensively prohibit nuclear weapons, with the goal of leading towards their total elimination.
2018 Prespa agreement The final agreement between Greece and the Republic of Macedonia for the name of the second.
2019 Treaty of Aachen (2019) Bilateral treaty between France and Germany for regional issues; including, military, cultural, and political issues. With special attention being given to defense politics.[94]
2020 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh ceasefire agreement The armistice agreement that ended the 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh War.
Darfur Peace Agreement An agreement signed by the Government of Sudan and Darfur-based rebel groups with the intention of ending the Darfur Conflict.
Doha Agreement (2020) The Doha Agreement is a peace agreement signed by the United States and the Taliban to end the war in Afghanistan.
2021 Armenia-EU Comprehensive and Enhanced Partnership Agreement (CEPA) An agreement governing the bilateral relations between Armenia and the EU.



  1. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Cassius.
  2. ^ Also known as the Fifty-Years Peace
  3. ^ Also known as the Pact of Andelot.
  4. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Tudmir.
  5. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Tudején.
  6. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Winchester or the Treaty of Westminster.
  7. ^ Also known as the First Treaty of Constance.
  8. ^ Also known as the Peace of Venice.
  9. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Cazola.
  10. ^ Also known as the Second Treaty of Constance.
  11. ^ Also known as the Confoederatio cum principibus ecclesiasticis.
  12. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Almiçra.
  13. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Albeville.
  14. ^ a b Also known as the Peace of Bratislava.
  15. ^ Also known as a sentencia arbitral, "sentence by arbitration."
  16. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Oreshek
  17. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Rhense.
  18. ^ a b Also known as the Second Treaty of London.
  19. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Dubissa.
  20. ^ Also known as the Krėva Act.
  21. ^ Also known as the Pact of Horodło.
  22. ^ Also known as the Reconciliation of Delft.
  23. ^ Also known as the Pact of Grodno.
  24. ^ Also known as the Peace of Copenhagen.
  25. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Edirne.
  26. ^ Also known as the Peace of Lodi.
  27. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Westminster-Ardtornish.
  28. ^ Also known as the Peace of Conflans.
  29. ^ Also known as the Second Treaty of Thorn or Toruń.
  30. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Alcáçovas-Toledo.
  31. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Verger or the Treaty of Le Verger.
  32. ^ Also known as the Capitulation of Granada.
  33. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Várad.
  34. ^ Also known as the Treaties of Greenwich.
  35. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Karlsburg.
  36. ^ Also known as the Edict of January.
  37. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Longjumeau or the Edict of Longjumeau.
  38. ^ Also known as the Edict of Beaulieu-les-Loches or the Peace of Monsieur.
  39. ^ Also known as the Edict of Poitiers.
  40. ^ Also known as the Perpetual Edict.
  41. ^ Also known as the Edict of Fleix and the Peace of Fleix.
  42. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Tyavzino or the Eternal Peace with Sweden in Russia.
  43. ^ Also known as the Peace of Zsitvatorok.
  44. ^ Also known as the Peace of Vienna.
  45. ^ Also known as the Twelve Years Truce.
  46. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Bruzolo.
  47. ^ Also known as Guswhenta or Kaswhenta.
  48. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Dywilino.
  49. ^ Also known as the Peace of Mikulov.
  50. ^ Also known as the Peace of Montpellier.
  51. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Stary Targ.
  52. ^ Also known as the Edict of Alès.
  53. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Ratisbonne.
  54. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Polanów or the Treaty of Polyanov.
  55. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Stuhmsdorf, the Armistice of Stuhmsdorf, the Peace of Stuhmsdorf, and the Truce of Stuhmsdorf.
  56. ^ Also known as the Peace of Berwick or the Pacification of Berwick.
  57. ^ Also known as the Peace of Qasr-e-Shirin.
  58. ^ Also known as the Peace of Brömsebro.
  59. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Ulm.
  60. ^ Also known as the Treaties of Münster and Osnabrück.
  61. ^ Also known as the Partition Treaty of 1648.
  62. ^ Also known as the Høje Taastrup Peace.
  63. ^ Also known as the Peace of Oliva.
  64. ^ Also known as the Peace of Cardis.
  65. ^ a b Also known as the Treaty of Purandhar.
  66. ^ Also known as the Treaty Between Virginia And The Indians 1677
  67. ^ Also known as the Treaty of The Hague or the First Partition Treaty.
  68. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Karlovci.
  69. ^ Also known as the Second Partition Treaty.
  70. ^ Also known as the Peace of Szatmár.
  71. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Požarevac.
  72. ^ Also known as the Treaty of The Hague.
  73. ^ Also known as the Treaty of the Three Black Eagles and as the Treaty of Berlin.
  74. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Turku.
  75. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Gianti Java or Gianti Agreement.
  76. ^ Also known as the Peace of Paris and the Treaty of 1763.
  77. ^ Also known as the Hanguranketha Treaty.
  78. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Amity and Commerce between The United States and France.
  79. ^ Also known as the Franco-American Alliance.
  80. ^ Also known as the Treaty with the Delawares or the Fourth Treaty of Pittsburgh.
  81. ^ Also known as the Beaufort Convention.
  82. ^ a b Also known as the Treaty of London.
  83. ^ Also known as the Treaty of San Lorenzo, the Treaty of Madrid, and the Treaty of Friendship, Limits, and Navigation Between Spain and the United States.
  84. ^ Also known as the Hedges Treaty.
  85. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Peace and Friendship.
  86. ^ Also known as the Peace of Leoben.
  87. ^ Also known as the Preliminary and Secret Treaty between the French Republic and His Catholic Majesty the King of Spain, Concerning the Aggrandizement of His Royal Highness the Infant Duke of Parma in Italy and the Retrocession of Louisiana.
  88. ^ Also known as the Convention of 1800.
  89. ^ Also known as the Peace of Badajoz.
  90. ^ a b Also known as the Treaty with the Osage or the Osage Treaty.
  91. ^ Also known as the Dardanelles Treaty of Peace, Commerce, and Secret Alliance, the Treaty of Çanak, and the Treaty of Chanak.
  92. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Fredrikshamn.
  93. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Vienna.
  94. ^ Also known in other spellings as the Treaty of Toeplitz and the Treaty of Toplitz.
  95. ^ Also known as the Convention of London.
  96. ^ Also known as the Treaty with the Creeks, 1814.
  97. ^ Also known as the Segowlee Treaty.
  98. ^ Also known as the Treaty of the Foot of the Rapids.
  99. ^ Also known as the Convention respecting fisheries, boundary, and the restoration of slaves, the London Convention, the Convention of 1818, or the Anglo-American Convention of 1818.
  100. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Amity, Settlement, and Limits Between the United States of America and His Catholic Majesty, the Transcontinental Treaty of 1819, and the Florida Purchase Treaty.
  101. ^ Also known as the Treaty with the Choctaw.
  102. ^ Also known as the Convention Between the United States of America and His Majesty the Emperor of All the Russias, Relative to Navigating, Fishing, Etc., in the Pacific Ocean.
  103. ^ Also known as the Treaty with the Osage.
  104. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Mississinewa.
  105. ^ Also known as the Convention of 1839.
  106. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Peace, Friendship and Commerce
  107. ^ Also known as the Sino-American Treaty of Wanghia.
  108. ^ Also known as the Treaty with the United Kingdom, in Regard to Limits Westward of the Rocky Mountains, and the Treaty of Washington.
  109. ^ Also known as the Tratado de Paz, Amistad, Navegación y Comercio (Treaty of Peace, Friendship, Navigation and Trade).
  110. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Kuldja.
  111. ^ Also known as the Kanagawa Treaty.
  112. ^ Officially known as a Treaty of Friendship and Commerce.
  113. ^ Also known as the Elgin-Marcy Treaty.
  114. ^ Also known as the Congress of Paris.
  115. ^ Also known as the Harris Treaty.
  116. ^ Also known as the First Convention of Peking.
  117. ^ Also known as the Convention for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded in Armies in the Field, 1864.
  118. ^ Also known as the Meter Convention and the Treaty of the Meter.
  119. ^ Also known as the Nitchō-shūkōjōki or Treaty of Ganghwa.
  120. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Al-Qasr as-Sa'id and the Treaty of Kasser Said.
  121. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Protectorate.
  122. ^ Also known as the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works.
  123. ^ Also known as the Anglo-German Agreement of 1890.
  124. ^ Also known as the Madrid Agreement concerning the International Registration of Marks
  125. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Maguan.
  126. ^ Also known as the Second Convention of Peking.
  127. ^ Also known as the Peace Agreement between the Great Powers and China.
  128. ^ Also known as the Treaty No Panamanian Signed.
  129. ^ Also known as the Taft-Katsura Memorandum.
  130. ^ Also known as the Bangkok Treaty of 1909.
  131. ^ Also known as the Treaty concerning Spitsbergen.
  132. ^ Also known as the Articles of Agreement for a Treaty Between Great Britain and Ireland.
  133. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Riga.
  134. ^ Also known as the Accord of Ankara, the Franklin-Bouillon Agreement and the Franco-Turkish Agreement of Ankara.
  135. ^ Also known as the Five-Power Treaty.
  136. ^ Also known as the Pact of Paris.
  137. ^ Also known as the Treaty for the Limitation and Reduction of Naval Armament.
  138. ^ Also known as the Statute of Westminster 1931.
  139. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Establishment, Commerce and Navigation with Full Protocols and Annex.
  140. ^ Also known as the Saadabad Pact.
  141. ^ Also known as the Hitler–Stalin Pact, the German–Soviet Nonaggression Pact, the or Nazi–Soviet Pact and formally as the Treaty of Nonaggression between Germany and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
  142. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Vis.
  143. ^ Also known as the Varkiza Pact and the Varkiza Peace Agreement.
  144. ^ Also known formally as the Protocol Amending the Agreements, Conventions and Protocols on Narcotic Drugs concluded at The Hague on 23 January 1912, at Geneva on 11 February 1925 and 19 February 1925, and 13 July 1931, at Bangkok on 27 November 1931 and at Geneva on 26 June 1936.
  145. ^ Also known as the Treaty of General Relations Between The United States Of America And The Republic Of The Philippines (archived from the original on 2009-03-26).
  146. ^ Also known, in abbreviated form, as GATT.
  147. ^ Also known as the Rio Treaty and Rio Pact.
  148. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Washington.
  149. ^ Also known as GCIV.
  150. ^ Also known formally as the Treaty between the Republic of Poland and the German Democratic Republic concerning the demarcation of the established and existing Polish-German state border.
  151. ^ Also known as San Francisco Peace Treaty and the Treaty of Peace with Japan.
  152. ^ Also known as the Australia, New Zealand, United States Security Treaty.
  153. ^ Also known as the Sino-Japanese Peace Treaty.
  154. ^ Also known as the Deutschlandvertrag.
  155. ^ Also known, in abbreviated form, as CENTO; original name was the Middle East Treaty Organization or METO; also known as the Baghdad Pact.
  156. ^ Also known as the Manila Pact.
  157. ^ Also known as the Bandung Conference.
  158. ^ Also known as the Austrian Independence Treaty.
  159. ^ Also known as the Warsaw Treaty and the Treaty of Friendship, Co-operation and Mutual Assistance.
  160. ^ Also known, in 1963, as the Anglo-Malaysian Defence Agreement.
  161. ^ Also known as the Treaty establishing the European Economic Community.
  162. ^ Also known, in abbreviated form, as ATS.
  163. ^ Also known as the Limited Test Ban Treaty, the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty and the Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapon Tests In The Atmosphere, In Outer Space And Under Water.
  164. ^ Also known as the Franco-German Partnership.
  165. ^ Also known as the Strasbourg Patent Convention and the Convention on the Unification of Certain Points of Substantive Law on Patents for Invention.
  166. ^ Also known as the Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean.
  167. ^ Also known as the Bangkok Declaration.
  168. ^ Also known as the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization.
  169. ^ Also known as the Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies.
  170. ^ Also known as the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons.
  171. ^ Also known, in abbreviated form, as the VCLT.
  172. ^ Also known, in abbreviated form, as the PCT.
  173. ^ Also known, in abbreviated form, as the FPDA.
  174. ^ Also known as the Strasbourg Agreement Concerning the International Patent Classification.
  175. ^ Also known as the Seabed Treaty.
  176. ^ Also known as the ABM Treaty or ABMT.
  177. ^ Also known as the Treaty concerning the basis of relations between the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic.
  178. ^ Also known as the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on their Destruction.
  179. ^ Also known formally as the Joint Communiqué of the Government of Japan and the Government of the People's Republic of China.
  180. ^ Also known as the Simla Pact and the Simla Treaty.
  181. ^ Also known as the Convention on the Grant of European Patents.
  182. ^ Also known, in abbreviated form, as JAMBA.
  183. ^ Also known as the Treaty on the Limitation of Underground Nuclear Weapon Tests.
  184. ^ Also known as the Convention on the Prohibition of Military or Any Other Hostile Use of Environmental Modification Techniques.
  185. ^ Also known as the Agreement Governing the Activities of States on the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies or the Moon Agreement.
  186. ^ Also known, in its abbreviated form, as ANZCERTA.
  187. ^ Also known formally as the Joint Declaration of the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Government of the People's Republic of China on the Question of Hong Kong.
  188. ^ Also known as the Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution on the Reduction of Sulphur Emissions or Their Transboundary Fluxes by at Least 30%.
  189. ^ Also known as the South Pacific Nuclear Free Zone Treaty.
  190. ^ Also known formally as the Joint Declaration of the Government of the People's Republic of China and the Government of the Republic of Portugal on the question of Macao.
  191. ^ Also known as the Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution Concerning the Control of Emissions of Nitrogen Oxides or Their Transboundary Fluxes.
  192. ^ Also known as the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer.
  193. ^ Also known, in its abbreviated form, as the CFE.
  194. ^ Also known formally as the Treaty on European Union.
  195. ^ Also known, in its abbreviated forms, as the UNFCCC or the FCCC.
  196. ^ Also known as the Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements or the Declaration of Principles (DOP).
  197. ^ Also known formally as the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on their Destruction.
  198. ^ Also known formally as the Treaty of Peace Between the State of Israel and the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan.
  199. ^ Also known, in its abbreviated form, as the UNCLOS.
  200. ^ Also known as the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or Desertification, Particularly in Africa.
  201. ^ Also known as the Basic Agreement on the Region of Eastern Slavonia, Baranja and Western Sirmium.
  202. ^ Also known as the Dayton Accords, the Dayton-Paris Agreement and the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
  203. ^ Also known, in its abbreviated form, as the GATS.
  204. ^ Also known, in its abbreviated form, as the CTBT.
  205. ^ Also known as the World Intellectual Property Organization Copyright Treaty.
  206. ^ Also known, in its abbreviated form, as the WPPT.
  207. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Amsterdam amending the Treaty of the European Union, the Treaties establishing the European Communities and certain related acts.
  208. ^ Also known as the Mine Ban Treaty and the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction.
  209. ^ Also known as the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on their Destruction.
  210. ^ Also known formally as the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.
  211. ^ Also known formally as the Treaty on Friendship, Cooperation, and Partnership between Ukraine and the Russian Federation.
  212. ^ Also known as the Belfast Agreement and rarely known as the Stormont Agreement.
  213. ^ Also known as the Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution on Persistent Organic Pollutants.
  214. ^ Also known as the Rome Statute.
  215. ^ Also known, in its abbreviated form, as the PLT.
  216. ^ Also known as the Moscow Treaty and SORT.
  217. ^ Also known, in its abbreviated form, as AFTA.
  218. ^ Also known, in abbreviated form, as FCTC.
  219. ^ Also known as the International Seed Treaty.
  220. ^ Also known as the Naivasha Agreement.
  221. ^ Also known as the Libya Accord or the Tripoli Declaration.
  222. ^ Also known as the North Waziristan Accord.


  1. ^ Nussbaum, Arthur (1954). A concise history of the law of nations. pp. 1–2.
  2. ^ "Peace Treaty between Ramses II and Hattusili III". Archived from the original on 4 January 2019.
  3. ^ Arab, Sameh M. (5 November 2017). "Ramses The Great The Pharaoh Who Made Peace With His Enemies". Arab World Books.
  4. ^ Christopher, John Smith (1996). Early Rome and Latium: Economy and Society C. 1000 to 500 BC. Oxford University Press. p. 212.
  5. ^ Thucydides. History of the Peloponnesian War. pp. Book 5, 13–24.
  6. ^ Xenophon. Hellenica. pp. Book 5, Chapter 1, Page 31.
  7. ^ Lazenby, J. F. (1996). First Punic War: A Military History. Stanford University Press.
  8. ^ Lazenby, J. F. (1998). Hannibal's War: A Military History of the Second Punic War. p. 178.
  9. ^ Polybius. World History. pp. Book 21, Page 42.
  10. ^ "1 Maccabees 8:17–8:20". oremus Bible Browser.
  11. ^ Gillespie, Alexander. The Causes of War: Volume 1: 3000 BCE to 1000 CE. Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 143.
  12. ^ Suny, Ronald Grigor (1994). The Making of the Georgian Nation. Indiana University Press.
  13. ^ Evans, James Allan Stewart (2005). The Emperor Justinian and the Byzantine Empire. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 90. ISBN 9780313325823.
  14. ^ Armstrong, Karen (2007). Muhammad: A Prophet of Our Time. New York: HarperCollins Publishing. pp. 175, 181.
  15. ^ Rosenwein, Barbara, H. (2006). Reading the Middle Ages: Sources from Europe, Byzantium, and the Islamic World. Peterborough, Ontario: Broadview. p. 92.
  16. ^ Fine, John, V. A. (2006). When Ethnicity Did Not Matter in the Balkans. University of Michigan Press.
  17. ^ Thursten, Tina, L. (2001). Landscapes of Power, Landscapes of Conflict: State Formation in the South Scandinavian Iron Age. Kluwer Academic. p. 67.
  18. ^ "History". Archived from the original on 16 March 2016.
  19. ^ Skinner, Patricia (2013). Medieval Amalfi and Its Diaspora, 800–1250. Oxford University Press. p. 114.
  20. ^ Snell, Melissa (October 21, 2018). "The Treaty of Verdun". ThoughtCo.
  21. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Mersen, Treaty of" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 18 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 174.
  22. ^ Whitelock, Dorothy. English Historical Documents 500-1042.
  23. ^ Bradbury. Predatory Kinship and the Creation of Norman Power, 840 – 1066: Model and Evidences. pp. Chapters 1–3.
  24. ^ Geary, Patrick, J. (1993). Living in the Tenth Century: Mentalities and Social Orders. Chicago, United States: University of Chicago Press. p. 26.
  25. ^ Wright, David, C. (Winter 2018). "The Sung-Kitan War of A.d. 1004-1005 and the Treaty of Shan-Yüan". Journal of Asian History. 32 (1): 20–21. JSTOR 41933065.
  26. ^ Knefelkamp, Ulrich (2002). Das Mittelalter. UTB M (in German).
  27. ^ Gregory, Timothy, E. (2010). A History of Byzantium. Malden Massachusetts: John Wiley & Sons.
  28. ^ "1091: The People's Chronology". Archived from the original on 2007-02-06.
  29. ^ Komnene, Anna. The Alexiad. pp. Books X–XIII.
  30. ^ Lay, S. (2008). The Reconquest Kings of Portugal: Political and Cultural Reorientation on the Medieval Frontier. Springer.
  31. ^ Barton, Simon (1997). The Aristocracy in Twelfth-Century León and Castile. Cambridge University Press.
  32. ^ Dummet, Jeremy. Palermo, City of Kings: The Heart of Sicily. 2015.
  33. ^ Barton, Simon (1992). "Two Catalan magnates in the courts of the kings of León-Castile: The careers of Ponce de Cabrera and Ponce de Minerva re-examined". Journal of Medieval History. 18 (3): 233–266. doi:10.1016/0304-4181(92)90022-Q.
  34. ^ Kosto, Adam, J. (2001). Making Agreements in Medieval Catalonia: Power, Order, and the Written Word, 1000–1200. Cambridge University Press. pp. 131. ISBN 9780521792394.
  35. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Windsor" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 28 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 7146–715, see page 715, last para. The political history of Windsor.... In 1175 it was the scene of the ratification of the treaty of Windsor
  36. ^ "The Peace of Venice; 1177". The Avalon Project. Archived from the original on 2006-08-25.
  37. ^ Kleinhenz, Christopher (2017). Routledge Revivals: Medieval Italy (2004): An Encyclopedia, Volume 1. Routledge. p. 249.
  38. ^ DWD (2 September 2015). "Today in Middle Eastern history: the Treaty of Jaffa ends the Third Crusade (1192)". And That's The Way It Is.
  39. ^ Bradbury, Jim (2015). Philip Augustus: King of France 1180–1223. Routledge. p. 134. ISBN 9781317899037.
  40. ^ Thomas & Tafel (1856). Urkunden zur älteren Handels- und Staatsgeschichte der Republik Venedig, mit besonderer Beziehung auf Byzanz und die Levante: Vom neunten bis zum Ausgang des fünfzehnten Jahrhunderts. 1. Theil (814–1205). Vienna, Austria: Kaiserlich-Königliche Hof- und Staatsdruckerei.
  41. ^ Merinsky & Meznick (1998). The making of the Czech state: Bohemia and Moravia from the tenth to the fourteenth centuries. Teich, Mikulas: Cambridge University Press. p. 51.
  42. ^ Medieval France : an encyclopedia. Kibler, William W., 1942-, Zinn, Grover A.,, Earp, Lawrence Marshburn,, Henneman, John Bell, 1935-. New York. 1995. ISBN 0-8240-4444-4. OCLC 31937909.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: others (link)
  43. ^ Harrison & Breay. "Magna Carta: an introduction".
  44. ^ Fukuyama, Francis. What's Wrong With Hungary?.
  45. ^ Kibler, Westcott (1995). Medieval France: An Encyclopedia.
  46. ^ "The Teutonic Order receives the Kulmer Land" (in German). Archived from the original on 2008-05-15.
  47. ^ Claude, Lebedel (2011). Understanding the tragedy of the Cathars. Ouest France. p. 96.
  48. ^ Gottschalk, Joseph (1976). Archiv für schlesische Kirchengeschichte. August Lax Verlag.
  49. ^ Norman, Davies (2012). Vanished Kingdoms: The Rise and Fall of States and Nations. Penguin Press.
  50. ^ Wehrmann, Martin (1904). Geschichte von Pommern. F.A. Perthes. p. 100.
  51. ^ Turnbull, Stephen R. (22 October 2003). Crusader castles of the Teutonic Knights. Dennis, Peter, 1950-. Oxford. ISBN 1-84176-557-0. OCLC 60833630.
  52. ^ "Treaty of York – 1237". BBC. 2014.
  53. ^ Simas Sužiedėlis, ed. (1970–78). "Christburg, Treaty of". Encyclopedia Lituanica. Vol. I. Boston, Massachusetts: Juozas Kapočius. pp. 513–14. LCC 74-114275.
  54. ^ Sundberg, Ulf (1997). Svenska freder och stillestånd 1249–1814 (in Swedish).
  55. ^ I. J. Sanders (January 1951). "The Texts of the Peace of Paris, 1259". The English Historical Review. Oxford University Press. 66 (258): 81–97. doi:10.1093/ehr/lxvi.cclviii.81. JSTOR 556491. From JSTOR, courtesy of The Wikipedia Library; subscription required.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  56. ^ R. Wickson, The Community of the Realm in Thirteenth Century England (London 1970) p. 50
  57. ^ Summaries of Judgments, Advisory Opinions and Orders of the International Court of Justice: Minquiers and Ecrehos Case Judgment of 17 November 1953
  58. ^ Ostrogorsky, George (1969). History of the Byzantine State. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press.
  59. ^ Jakobsson, Sverrir; Halfdanarson, Gudmundur (2016). Historical Dictionary of Iceland. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield. p. 175. ISBN 9781442262904.
  60. ^ "Agreement between Magnus IV and Alexander III, 1266". 2009-09-23. The text of the treaty.
  61. ^ Gerli, E. Michael (2017). Routledge Revivals: Medieval Iberia (2003): An Encyclopedia. Oxon: Routledge. p. 36. ISBN 9781138062450.
  62. ^ Kenneth Meyer Setton, The Papacy and the Levant, 1204–1571: The thirteenth and fourteenth centuries p.104
  63. ^ Vela Palomares, Susanna; Govern d'Andorra; Ministry of Social Affairs and Culture (1997). "Andorra – First and second Paréages (feudal charters)". United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Retrieved 14 December 2010.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  64. ^ Nicol, Donald MacGillivray (1988). Byzantium and Venice: A Study in Diplomatic and Cultural Relations. Cambridge University Press. pp. 208–209. ISBN 0-521-42894-7. Retrieved 2008-03-25.
  65. ^ "Margaret: Manuscript – 1290, 14 March, Birgham – Parliamentary Records – Letters: confirmation of the treaty of Salisbury" (in Old French and English). Records of the Parliaments of Scotland to 1707, University of St Andrews. Retrieved 2009-10-03.
  66. ^ "FR01 – Auld Alliance".
  67. ^ Jacoby, David (2015). "The Catalan Company in the East: The Evolution of an Itinerant Army (1303–1311)". The Medieval Way of War: Studies in Medieval Military History in Honor of Bernard S. Bachrach.
  68. ^ McKitterick, Reuter, Abulfalia, and Allmond (1995). The New Cambridge Medieval History: C. 1198-C. 1300. Cambridge University Press. p. 752. ISBN 0-521-36289-X.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  69. ^ Wolf-Dieter Mohrmann, Der Landfriede im Ostseeraum während des späten Mittelalters, Lassleben, 1972, p. 95, ISBN 3-7847-4002-2.
  70. ^ Tarkiainen, Kari (2010). Ruotsin itämaa. Helsinki: Svenska litteratursällskapet i Finland. p. 71. ISBN 978-951-583-212-2.
  71. ^ "Proceedings and Acts of the General Assembly, April 1666-June 1676". Maryland State Archives. Retrieved 2021-11-04.
  72. ^ "The Mt. Vernon Compact & The Annapolis Convention". Annapolis, Maryland: Maryland State Archives. Retrieved April 20, 2020.
  73. ^ "Treaty Between the Ottawa, Chippewa, Wyandot, and Potawatomi Indians". World Digital Library. 1807-11-17. Retrieved 2013-08-03.
  74. ^ Written Proclamation <>
  75. ^ Augustus Oakes and R.B. Mowat, The Great European Treaties of the Nineteenth Century (Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1918), pp. 8–9. On Google Books.
  76. ^ a b Tough, Frank (1997). As Their Natural Resources Fail: Native Peoples and the Economic History of Northern Manitoba, 1870–1930. UBC Press. p. 148. ISBN 0-7748-0571-4.
  77. ^ W.E. Daugherty, Treaty 3 Research Report (1873). Indian and Northern Affairs, Canada, 1985
  78. ^ "Treaty 3 between Her Majesty the Queen and the Saulteaux Tribe of the Ojibbeway Indians at the Northwest Angle on the Lake of the Woods with Adhesions". Indian and Northern Affairs Canada. Government of Canada. 2008-11-03. Archived from the original on 2009-05-23. Retrieved 2009-01-05.
  79. ^ Stonechild, Blair (2006). "Treaty 3 between Her Majesty the Queen and the Saulteaux Tribe of the Ojibbeway Indians at the Northwest Angle on the Lake of the Woods with Adhesions4". The Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan. Canadian plains research center, University of Regina. Archived from the original on 2008-10-26. Retrieved 2009-01-05.
  80. ^ "Treaty Guide to Treaty No. 5 (1875)". Indian and Northern Affairs Canada. Government of Canada. 2008-11-03. Archived from the original on 2010-07-17. Retrieved 2009-01-05.
  81. ^ Beal, Bob (2006). "Treaty 6". The Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan. Canadian plains research center, University of Regina. Archived from the original on 2013-11-15. Retrieved 2009-01-05.
  82. ^ "Alberta Online Encyclopedia – Treaty 7 – Treaty 7 Past and Present …". Heritage Community Foundation. 2006. Retrieved 2009-01-05.
  83. ^ Ninomiya, Masato O centenário do Tratado de Amizade, Comércio e Navegação entre Brasil e Japão Archived 2009-07-31 at the Wayback Machine November 18, 2011
  84. ^ "The Making of Treaty 8 in Canada's Northwest". Heritage Community Foundation. 2002. Retrieved 2009-01-05.
  85. ^ "Treaty Between Spain and the United State [sic] for Cession of Outlying Islands of the Philippines" (PDF). University of the Philippines. November 7, 1900. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 26, 2012.
  86. ^ "James Bay Treaty Turns 100: "Peoples and Events Shaping Treaty No. 9"". Archives of Ontario. Government of Ontario. 2002. Archived from the original on 2007-08-27. Retrieved 2009-01-05.
  87. ^ "Treaty Guide to Treaty No. 10 (1906)". Indian and Northern Affairs of Canada. Government of Canada. 2008-11-03. Archived from the original on 2010-05-24. Retrieved 2009-01-05.
  88. ^ "Treaty Guide to Treaty No. 11 (1921)". Indian and Northern Affairs of Canada. Government of Canada. 2008-11-03. Archived from the original on 2009-05-23. Retrieved 2009-01-05.
  89. ^ s:Korean Armistice Agreement
  90. ^ "Treaty Between the United States of America and Ukraine on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters with Annex, signed at Kiev on July 22, 1998, and with an Exchange of Notes signed on September 30, 1999, which provides for its provisional application" (PDF). United States Congress. November 10, 1999.
  91. ^ Constitutive Treaty of the Union of South American Nations Archived 2008-12-06 at the Wayback Machine Ministry of External Relations. Accessed on May 25, 2008.
  92. ^ [1] Archived 2012-10-12 at the Wayback Machine The treaty text in Norwegian
  93. ^ "UAE active in fight against human trafficking Gargash". Khaleej Times. October 18, 2010. Archived from the original on December 10, 2013. Retrieved December 3, 2013.
  94. ^ "Unterzeichnung in Aachen: "Unterwerfung eingeleitet": Warum manche Franzosen Vertrag mit Deutschland fürchten". Focus (in German). January 2019. Retrieved 2019-01-24.

External links

This page was last edited on 22 June 2022, at 23:38
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.