To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

Cayenne pepper

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Cayenne pepper
Capsicum annuum - Köhler–s Medizinal-Pflanzen-027.jpg
SpeciesC. annuum
Scoville scale30,000–50,000 SHU
A large red cayenne
A large red cayenne
Thai peppers, a cayenne-type pepper
Thai peppers, a cayenne-type pepper
Capsicum frutescens
Capsicum frutescens

The cayenne pepper is a type of Capsicum annuum. It is usually a moderately hot chili pepper used to flavor dishes. Cayenne peppers are a group of tapering, 10 to 25 cm long, generally skinny, mostly red colored peppers, often with a curved tip and somewhat rippled skin, which hang from the bush as opposed to growing upright. Most varieties are generally rated at 30,000 to 50,000 Scoville units.[1]

The fruits are generally dried and ground to make the powdered spice of the same name, although cayenne powder may be a blend of different types of peppers, quite often not containing cayenne peppers, and may or may not contain the seeds.[2]

Cayenne is used in cooking spicy dishes either as a powder or in its whole form. It is also used as a herbal supplement.

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/5
    5 510
    459 921
    165 907
    100 183
    117 568
  • The Health Advantages and Side Effects of Cayenne Pepper Pills
  • Health Benefits of Cayenne Pepper
  • Barbara O'Neill - Part 4: Cayenne pepper and charcoal
  • Impressive Health Benefits of Cayenne Pepper
  • Cayenne Pepper Cures Around 20 Known Diseases (Including Cancer) - Fitnessential




The word 'cayenne' is thought to be a corruption of the word quiínia[3][4] (also sometimes spelled kyynha[5] or kynnha[3]) of the Old Tupi language once spoken in Brazil, which means pepper (thus 'cayenne pepper' means 'pepper pepper'). It is probable that the place Cayenne in French Guiana was named after the peppers, not vice versa,[6] although it is commonly claimed that the pepper was named after the city. Culpeper, for example, uses the word 'cayenne pepper' in 1652,[7] and the city was only renamed as such in 1777.[8] It also is possibly named for the Cayenne River.[1]

Nicholas Culpeper in his Complete Herbal, 1653, mentions cayenne pepper as a synonym for what he calls "pepper (guinea)"[note 1][7][9] By the end of the 19th century 'Guinea pepper' had come to mean bird's eye chili or piri-piri[10], although he refers to Capsicum peppers in general in his entry.[7]


The cayenne pepper is a type of Capsicum annuum, as are bell peppers, jalapeños, pimientos, and many others. The genus Capsicum is in the nightshade family, (Solanaceae). Cayenne peppers are often said to belong to the frutescens variety, but frutescens peppers are now defined as peppers which have fruit which grow upright on the bush (such as tabasco peppers), thus what is known in English as cayenne peppers are by definition not frutescens.[note 2]

In the 19th century, modern cayenne peppers were classified as C. longum, this name was later synonymised with C. frutescens. Cayenne powder, however, has generally been made from the bird's eye peppers, in the 19th century classified as C. minimum.[10]


Cayenne peppers are long, tapering, 10 to 25 cm long, generally skinny, mostly red colored peppers, often with a curved tip and somewhat rippled skin, which hang from the bush as opposed to growing upright. There are many specific cultivars, such as 'Cow-horn',[11] 'Cayenne Sweet', 'Cayenne Buist's Yellow', 'Golden Cayenne', 'Cayenne Carolina', 'Cayenne Indonesian', 'Joe's Long', 'Cayenne Large Red Thick', 'Cayenne Long Thick Red', 'Ring of Fire', 'Cayenne Passion', 'Cayenne Thomas Jefferson', 'Cayenne Iberian', 'Cayenne Turkish', 'Egyptian Cayenne', 'Cayenne Violet' or 'Numex Las Cruces Cayenne'.[1] Although most modern cayenne peppers are colored red; yellow and purple varieties exist, and in the 19th century yellow varieties were common.[1][12] Most types are moderately hot, although a number of mild variants exist.[1] Most varieties are generally rated at 30,000 to 50,000 Scoville units, although some are rated at 20,000 or less.[1]

In cuisine

Cayenne powder may be a blend of different types of peppers.[2] Cayenne powder is distinguished from 'chili powder' as it is made from cayenne peppers only, whereas chili powder is generally a spice mixture. It is used in its fresh form, or as dried powder on seafood, all types of egg dishes (devilled eggs, omelettes, soufflés), meats and stews, casseroles, cheese dishes, hot sauces, and curries.[2]

See also


  1. ^ The name Guinea pepper often means Aframomum melegueta or Piper guineense at present, but in Britain in the 16th and 17th century 'Guinea pepper' or 'ginny pepper' was the common name for Capsicum peppers in general.
  2. ^ However, in French, for example, the name piment de Cayenne may refer to all types of C. frutescens and other types of C. annuum including tabasco, piri-piri or Bird's eye chili.[10]


  1. ^ a b c d e f "Database of Chilli Pepper Varieties". The Chileman. Retrieved November 9, 2017.
  2. ^ a b c "Cayenne Pepper". The Epicentre. Retrieved November 9, 2017.
  3. ^ a b "cayenne (pepper)". Your Dictionary. Retrieved November 9, 2017.
  4. ^ "Cayenne pepper (capsicum pepper plant)". Memidex. Retrieved November 9, 2017.
  5. ^ "Cayenne (n.)". Etymonline. Retrieved November 9, 2017.
  6. ^ Small, Ernest (2009). Top 100 Food Plants. NRC Research Press. pp. 157–. ISBN 978-0-660-19858-3.
  7. ^ a b c Nicholas Culpeper (2013). "Guinea Pepper". Culpeper's Complete Herbal. Lulu Com. ISBN 978-1-291-28486-7.
  8. ^ "Cayenne, French Guiana". Britannica. Retrieved November 9, 2017.
  9. ^ Parkinson, John (1904). Paradisi in Sole Paradisus Terrestris. London, Methuen and Co. p. 431.
  10. ^ a b c Ridley, Henry Nicholas (1912). Spices. London: Macmillan, Ltd. p. 360–383.
  11. ^ "Cow Horn". Pepperseeds.
  12. ^ Hudson, Selma (1971). About Spices. Melmont. p. 38. ISBN 9780516082103.

Further reading

This page was last edited on 27 November 2018, at 19:07
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.