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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Berbere
Berbere

Berbere (Amharic: በርበሬ bärbäre, Tigrinya: በርበረ bärbärä) is a spice mixture whose constituent elements usually include chili peppers, garlic, ginger, basil, korarima, rue, ajwain or radhuni, nigella, and fenugreek.[1][2][3] It is a key ingredient in the cuisines of Ethiopia and Eritrea.

Berbere sometimes encompasses herbs and spices that are less well known internationally. The latter include both cultivated plants and those that grow wild in Ethiopia, such as korarima (Aframomum corrorima)[4] and long pepper.[5]

YouTube Encyclopedic

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  • ✪ LES ORIGINES DES BERBÈRES ? - Histoire berbère #2
  • ✪ Berbere Spice/Sauce, African, Delicious, Multipurpose & Tips on Eating Ethiopian Foods
  • ✪ Cooking with Exotic Spices: Berbere, Za'atar & Cardamom

Transcription

Azul fellawen, and welcome! In this video, we are going to get a little deeper in the subject of the origins of the Berbers. Although this a matter of controversy, the matter of the origins of the Berbers has been the subject of many researches throughout centuries. We will elaborate a shallow portrait of their conclusions We will take time to get deeper in every one of them in another video. Where do the Berbers come from? It is hard to identify objectively the origin of Berbers. Latins, Arabs, and contemporary researchers have supported thesis but there are no explicit theory produced by Berbers themselves. Written records making statements about their origins were made by foreign agents : people who weren't Berbers Moreover, these theories have been produced by foreign civilizations occupying their territory : therefore we must keep sense of a potential influence of the dominant ideology. Many of these thesis support that Berbers come from somewhere else. For instance, the Arab historian and philosopher Ibn Khaldoun, assumed in his "History of the Berbers", edited during the 14th century, that Berbers were stemming from Middle-East He formed this conclusion referring himself to the work of preceding Arab genealogists. These genealogists explained the origins of Berbers as being the product of the lineage of diverse Middle-Eastern tribes. Concerning the Romans, it is the politician and historian Sallust who lived on the first century before Christ, writing in his book "The War With Jugurtha" stating about a Persian or Mede origin for Western Berbers and Armenian for the Eastern ones He referred on Punic archives, Punic being being associated with Carthaginian civilization. This civilization was occupying a part of Northern Africa littoral from 9th to 2th century B.C. The Greek historian and geographer Herodote, on 5th century B.C., reports from peregrinations in North Africa, that what he called "Libyans" said they had a Trojan origin. He also associated this ethnicity with the legendary Atlantic civilization (or not?). This was also the theory of Diodorus Siculus, a Greek historian from the 1st century B.C. More recently in Europe, from 18th to 20th century researchers attribute a European origin to Berbers. Indeed, the blond-haired and blue-eyed type of Berbers and the allegedly celtic monuments found in Constantine province (Algeria), remain a mystery. And anthropology, which was only making its baby steps back then, has tried to explain this by a Northern origin. The English man Thomas Shaw thought Berbers had a Vandal origin (1738). The French arabist Laurent-Charles Féraud suggested a Gallic origin for blond Berbers. The French doctor and anthropologist Lucien Bertholon said in 1877 that Berbers had a Celtic origin. But ... all these theories never consider the potentiality of Berbers coming from ... their own lands! It's the main hypothesis of modern researchers. According to these researchers, Berbers are originated from North Africa. From Tunisia to Morocco, they would be the lineage of a civilization called the "Iberomaurusian civilization". Which is a syncretisme between Iberians from the future Hispany, and Northern African natives There also was another civilizational core for more continental berbers, related to the Capsian civilization. Of course, civilization back then was not about flying machines and quantic computers but more about the tools used for industry, tools, produced materials of the local culture, and burial practices. This is based on the archeological researchs results made in this area. The remains of weaponry and miscellaneous objects are pointing to this conclusion. However, the question of origins raises a paradox there's always an origin to another origin, and is it relevant to ask what are the origins of a group of people? Thank you all, that was all for this video! If you want to support us in this project Like this video! Share it on social medias and most importantly: Subscribe!

See also

References

  1. ^ Debrawork Abate (1995 EC) [1993 EC]. የባህላዌ መግቦች አዘገጃጀት [Traditional Food Preparation] (in Amharic) (2nd ed.). Addis Ababa: Mega Asatame Derjet (Mega Publisher Enterprise). pp. 22–23.
  2. ^ Gall, Alevtina; Zerihun Shenkute (November 3, 2009). "Ethiopian Traditional and Herbal Medications and their Interactions with Conventional Drugs". EthnoMed. University of Washington. Retrieved January 27, 2011.
  3. ^ Katzer, Gernot (July 20, 2010). "Ajwain (Trachyspermum copticum [L.] Link)". Retrieved January 28, 2013.
  4. ^ Bernard Roussel and François Verdeaux (April 6–10, 2003). "Natural patrimony and local communities in ethiopia: geographical advantages and limitations of a system of indications" (PDF). 29th Annual Spring Symposium of Centre for African Studies. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2006-11-26. This Zingiberaceae, Aframomum corrorima (Braun) Jansen, is gathered in forests, and also grown in gardens. It is a basic spice in Ethiopia, used to flavor coffee and as an ingredient in various widely used condiments (berbere, mitmita, awaze, among others).
  5. ^ "Product description: Ethiopian berbere (organic)". Archived from the original on 2012-06-20. Retrieved 2007-09-04.

External links

This page was last edited on 11 November 2018, at 21:48
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