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Bangladeshi mustard plants
Bangladeshi mustard plants

Mustard plant is a plant species in the genera Brassica and Sinapis in the family Brassicaceae. Mustard seed is used as a spice. Grinding and mixing the seeds with water, vinegar, or other liquids creates the yellow condiment known as prepared mustard. The seeds can also be pressed to make mustard oil, and the edible leaves can be eaten as mustard greens.

It is not same as Salvadora persica, called "mustard bush", which fits in the Parable of the Mustard Seed in the Gospel of Matthew 13:31–32, of Mark 4:30–32, and of Luke 13:18–21.[citation needed]

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  • ✪ From a Tiny Mustard Seed
  • ✪ Useful Plant : Mustard
  • ✪ How to draw a Mustard | Easy Step by step drawing for kids
  • ✪ How to Grow and Harvest Mustard Seeds
  • ✪ Plant Identification - Dissect Mustard Family Flower


Mustard is an ancient crop with biblical references: Because the seed is tiny, a small quantity plants a large area. With 90 feet between the bases, a major league infield is 8100 square feet… Less than two pounds of mustard seed would plant the entire infield. Here is where the crop is actually grown. Up to half a million acres of mustard are planted each year in the western Canadian provinces of Saskatchewan and Alberta. Canada is the largest mustard exporter in the world ... and the biggest customer is the United States. In this typical seeding outfit, the mustard seed as well as dry fertilizer are in separate compartments of the cart pulled behind the tractor. The seed and fertilizer are metered out in precise quantities and delivered in an airstream to the ground openers of the seeding implement. The small seeds need to be planted shallow into a firm seedbed. The equipment is high tech….. Note the hands free operation. GPS guidance minimizes overlap and increases efficiency. Within days of seeding, the crop starts to emerge and quickly covers the ground. Here’s a compressed view of the entire growing season…. Mustard typically advances to the flowering stage in early July, turning seemingly endless fields into bright yellow flowers. After a couple of weeks, the flowers turn to pods… And in the late summer, usually early August, the pods begin to ripen… The seed is inside the pods and when it’s fully mature, harvesting begins. The crop is cut and fed into big combines where the pods are threshed open and the seed collected. Notice the seed piling up in the hopper at the top of the combine. Stocks, stems and pods are chopped and spread out the back. This residue will decompose to provide nutrients for subsequent crops. Next year, this field will be seeded to wheat, field peas, lentils or some other crop. Crop rotation helps with weed and pest control and adds to environmental sustainability. When the combine hopper is full, the mustard seed is augured into a waiting grain cart or truck. The seed is transported to on-farm storage and producers will market it to mustard processors. So the next time you use whole mustard seed or buy a jar of prepared mustard, regardless of where the mustard was processed or packaged - the United States, France, Germany – chances are the mustard seed came from Canada.



Mustard Plant and Butterflies, early or middle Ming dynasty c. 1368–1550 (LACMA)
Mustard Plant and Butterflies, early or middle Ming dynasty c. 1368–1550 (LACMA)
Flower of Mustard Plant
Flower of Mustard Plant

Although some varieties of mustard plants were well-established crops in Hellenistic and Roman times, Zohary and Hopf note, "There are almost no archeological records available for any of these crops." Wild forms of mustard and its relatives, the radish and turnip, can be found over west Asia and Europe, suggesting their domestication took place somewhere in that area. However, Zohary and Hopf conclude: "Suggestions as to the origins of these plants are necessarily based on linguistic considerations."[1] Encyclopædia Britannica states that mustard was grown by the Indus Civilization of 2500–1700 BCE.[2] According to the Saskatchewan Mustard Development Commission, "Some of the earliest known documentation of mustard's use dates back to Sumerian and Sanskrit texts from 3000 BC".[3]


Wild white mustard (Sinapis alba)
Wild white mustard (Sinapis alba)

Mild white mustard (Sinapis hirta) grows wild in North Africa, the Middle East, and Mediterranean Europe, and has spread farther by long cultivation; oriental mustard (Brassica juncea), originally from the foothills of the Himalaya, is grown commercially in India, Canada, the United Kingdom, Denmark, and the US; black mustard (Brassica nigra) is grown in Argentina, Chile, the US and some European countries. Canada and Nepal are the world's major producers of mustard seed, between them accounting for around 57% of world production in 2010.[4] White mustard (Sinapis alba) is commonly used as a cover crop in Europe (between UK and Ukraine). A large number of varieties exist, e.g. in Germany, Netherlands, mainly differing in lateness of flowering and resistance against white beet-cyst nematead (Heterodera schachtii). Farmers prefer late flowering varieties, which do not produce seeds, they may become weeds in the subsequent year. Early vigor is important to cover the soil quickly and suppress weeds and protect the soil against erosion. In rotations with sugar beets, suppression of the white beet-cyst nematode is an important trait. Resistant white mustard varieties reduce nematode populations by 70–90%.

Recent research has studied varieties of mustards with high oil contents for use in the production of biodiesel, a renewable liquid fuel similar to diesel fuel. The biodiesel made from mustard oil has good flow properties and cetane ratings. The leftover meal after pressing out the oil has also been found to be an effective pesticide.[5]

A genetic relationship between many species of mustard, along with turnips, cabbage, and their respective derivatives, has been observed and is described as the triangle of U.

Black mustard seeds (about 2–3 mm in diameter)
Black mustard seeds (about 2–3 mm in diameter)

See also


  1. ^ Zohary, Daniel; Hopf, Maria; Weiss, Ehud (2012). Domestication of Plants in the Old World: The Origin and Spread of Domesticated Plants in Southwest Asia, Europe, and the Mediterranean Basin (Fourth ed.). Oxford: University Press. p. 139.
  2. ^ "Indus civilization". Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2016. Web. 16 March 2016 <>.
  3. ^ "What is Mustard?". Saskatchewan Mustard Development Commission. Mustard Consumer Website. SMDC 2011. Web. 16 March 2016 <"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-03-25. Retrieved 2016-03-16.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)>.
  4. ^ "FAOSTAT Countries by Commodity". UN Food and Agriculture Organization. Retrieved 2012-05-08.
  5. ^ "Industrial mustard crops for biodiesel and biopesticides" (PDF). 17 November 2004.
This page was last edited on 26 February 2019, at 14:22
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