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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

White mustard
Sinapis alba - Köhler–s Medizinal-Pflanzen-265.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Brassicales
Family: Brassicaceae
Genus: Sinapis
Species:
S. alba
Binomial name
Sinapis alba
Synonyms
  • Brassica alba (L.) Rabenh.
  • Brassica hirta Moench
White mustard seeds (right) compared with rice seeds (left)
White mustard seeds (right) compared with rice seeds (left)

White mustard (Sinapis alba) is an annual plant of the family Brassicaceae. It is sometimes also referred to as Brassica alba or B. hirta. Grown for its seeds, mustard, as fodder crop or as a green manure, it is now widespread worldwide, although it probably originated in the Mediterranean region.

YouTube Encyclopedic

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  • ✪ How to Grow and Harvest Mustard Seeds
  • ✪ From a Tiny Mustard Seed

Transcription

This is Mustard. That's right. I planted mustard seeds this year. Two little things, those are mustard seeds. and just a little tiny mustard seed. Plant that in the ground. and it grows these big.. grows this big bush thing. tiny little mustard seeds grows a big bush. So no it's time to harvest it. Normally they're green and they're mustard greens. You can eat them if you want. They're kind of hot and spicy. Or you can let them go all the way dry. Until they look like this. (shakes seed pod) here that? These mustard pods, they're just ready to pop open. and release their seeds. I've done about a 10 food row here. Pulling dry stuff off and throwing it into this bin. I want to be careful because some of these pods they really want to pop open. People ask me, "Why did you plant mustard"? I'm like, "well, why not?" I saw a gal on-line doing this. She had a pretty good idea. You just start stomping on it. That just crunches so good. Makes a really good crunchy noise. Crunch it all up. Mustard seed, Who'd have thought? Who would have thought you could grow your own mustard. Right? We've got another 10 feet of row here. We're making good progress. Where did that come from? I'm supposed to keep this garden weed free. How'd that morning glory get in there? and this last little bit here. just grab all of that. and... Harvest is done. Look at that! a 25 food row.. Fits in a nice little bin. Wow! Crunchiness. So there we have it. 25 feet of mustard seed (plants). I would guess... Is that maybe 1 pound? (of clean seeds) we've got it clearly stomped on. All the pods smooshed... We want to strain this stuff out. We need two bowls, 2 containers. Oh yeah, that's working. A lot of seeds now.. Obviously these aren't seeds. I like it better in this bowl, because the seeds don't bounce out of it. I've got this green bin below because I'm going to catch all this chaff... I'm sure I'm losing more seed.. I'm going to catch some more. I'm going to try and save more later on. I think a few more passes and we'll have some good, clean seed. I need another container for this. I gotta put this in here. Ready for another round? Here's after all the winnowing.. Here's the finished product. There's a couple little bitty things in there.. but it's pretty clean. pretty good stuff. Let's do the final weigh-in and see what we've got. ..got a half a pound.. I think we'll have a pound of seeds here. there's a pound. and final number... Is 18 ounces. Nice.. So that will make a lot of mustard. Dijon mustard, honey mustard, spicy mustard, mild mustard. It's going to be a good mustard year. That's how you grow mustard and that's how you harvest mustard seed. Pretty cool hu? Thanks... Bye!

Contents

Description

White mustard is an annual, growing to 70 cm high with stalkless pinnate leaves, similar to Sinapis arvensis.[1]

Distribution

Most common in Europe, North Africa, the Middle East and Central Asia, it can be found worldwide. It has been found as far north as Greenland,[2] and naturalized throughout Great Britain and Ireland.[3]

Culinary uses

The yellow flowers of the plant produce hairy seed pods, with each pod containing roughly a half dozen seeds. These seeds are harvested just prior to the pods becoming ripe and bursting.

White mustard seeds are hard round seeds, usually around 1.0 to 1.5 mm (0.039 to 0.059 in) in diameter,[4] with a color ranging from beige or yellow to light brown. They can be used whole for pickling or toasted for use in dishes. When ground and mixed with other ingredients, a paste or more standard condiment can be produced. Sinapis alba is used to make the commonplace yellow table mustard, with additional yellow coloring provided by turmeric in some formulations.

The seeds contain sinalbin, which is a thioglycoside responsible for their pungent taste. White mustard has fewer volatile oils and the flavor is considered to be milder than that produced by black mustard seeds.[5][6]

In Greece, the plant's leaves can be eaten during the winter, before it blooms. Greeks call it vrouves (βρούβα) or lapsana (λαψάνα). The blooming season of this plant (February–March) is celebrated with the Mustard Festival, a series of festivities in the wine country of California (Napa and Sonoma Counties).

Other uses

White mustard is commonly used as a cover and green manure crop in Europe (between UK and Ukraine). A large number of varieties exist, e.g. in Germany, Netherlands, mainly differing in lateness of flowering and resistance against white beet-cyst nematode (Heterodera schachtii). Farmers prefer late flowering varieties, which do not produce seeds, as they may become weeds in the subsequent year. Early vigour is important to cover the soil quickly and suppress weeds and protect the soil against erosion. In rotations with sugar beets, suppression of the white beet-cyst nematode is an important trait. Resistant white mustard varieties decline nematode populations by 70-90%.

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ Webb, D.A., Parnell, J. and Doogue, D. 1996. An Irish Flora. Dundalgan Press Ltd., Dundalk. ISBN 0-85221-131-7
  2. ^ Beesley, S. and Wilde, J. 1997. Urban Flora of Belfast. The Institute of Irish Studies and The Queen's University of Belfast. ISBN 0-85389-695-X.
  3. ^ Clapham, A.R., Tutin, T.G. and Warburg, E.F. 1968 Excursion Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-04656-4
  4. ^ Balke, D. (2000). "Rapid aqueous extraction of mucilage from whole white mustard seed". Food Research International. 33 (5): 347–356. doi:10.1016/S0963-9969(00)00055-7.
  5. ^ Tan, S. H. (2011). "Extraction and residual antinutritional components in protein fractions of Sinapis alba and Brassica napus oil-free meals". 17th Australian Research Assembly on Brassicas (ARAB). Wagga Wagga, NSW: 107.
  6. ^ Garland, S. (1993). The Complete Book of Herbs & Spices: An Illustrated Guide to Growing and Using Culinary, Aromatic, Cosmetic and Medicinal Plants. Frances Lincoln Limited, Rydalmere, NSW, Australia. ISBN 978-0340584699.

External links

This page was last edited on 27 November 2018, at 18:20
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