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Wheeler County, Georgia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Wheeler County
Wheeler County Courthouse (built 1917), Alamo
Wheeler County Courthouse (built 1917), Alamo
Map of Georgia highlighting Wheeler County
Location within the U.S. state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 32°07′N 82°43′W / 32.12°N 82.72°W / 32.12; -82.72
Country United States
State Georgia
FoundedNovember 5, 1912
Named forJoseph Wheeler
SeatAlamo
Largest cityAlamo
Area
 • Total300 sq mi (800 km2)
 • Land295 sq mi (760 km2)
 • Water4.8 sq mi (12 km2)  1.6%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2018)
7,879
 • Density25/sq mi (10/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district12th
Websitewheelercounty.georgia.gov

Wheeler County is a county located in the central portion of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 7,421.[1] The county is one of the most impoverished counties in the nation. The county seat is Alamo.[2] The American Community Survey's 2009–2013 average reports that the county's per-capita income of $8,948 makes it the second-poorest county in the United States by this metric.[3]

History

Wheeler County is named after Confederate General Joseph Wheeler.[4] The constitutional amendment to create the county was proposed August 14, 1912, and ratified November 5, 1912.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 300 square miles (780 km2), of which 295 square miles (760 km2) is land and 4.8 square miles (12 km2) (1.6%) is water.[5]

The eastern portion of Wheeler County, defined by a line running from north of Alamo to the southern border of the county, due south of Mount Vernon, is located in the Lower Oconee River sub-basin of the Altamaha River basin. The bulk of the rest of the county is located in the Little Ocmulgee River sub-basin of the same Altamaha River basin, except for a small southern portion of Wheeler County, east of Lumber City, which is located in the Lower Ocmulgee River sub-basin of the larger Altamaha River basin.[6]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
19209,817
19309,149−6.8%
19408,535−6.7%
19506,712−21.4%
19605,342−20.4%
19704,596−14.0%
19805,15512.2%
19904,903−4.9%
20006,17926.0%
20107,42120.1%
Est. 20187,879[7]6.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2013[1]

2000 census

At the 2000 census there were 6,179 people, 2,011 households, and 1,395 families living in the county. The population density was 21 people per square mile (8/km²). There were 2,447 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 64.56% White, 33.18% Black or African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 1.25% from other races, and 0.79% from two or more races. 3.54% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[12] Of the 2,011 households 32.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.10% were married couples living together, 13.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.60% were non-families. 27.80% of households were one person and 14.80% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.08.

The age distribution was 22.40% under the age of 18, 10.20% from 18 to 24, 31.60% from 25 to 44, 23.10% from 45 to 64, and 12.70% 65 or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 128.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 139.80 males.

The median household income was $24,053 and the median family income was $29,696. Males had a median income of $27,203 versus $22,679 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,005. About 21.60% of families and 25.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.20% of those under age 18 and 26.70% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

At the 2010 census, there were 7,421 people, 2,152 households, and 1,519 families living in the county.[13] The population density was 25.1 inhabitants per square mile (9.7/km2). There were 2,625 housing units at an average density of 8.9 per square mile (3.4/km2).[14] The racial makeup of the county was 61.3% white, 35.2% black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% American Indian, 2.3% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 4.8% of the population.[13] In terms of ancestry, 32.4% were English, and 8.1% were American.[15]

Of the 2,152 households, 34.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.6% were married couples living together, 15.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.4% were non-families, and 26.0% of households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.05. The median age was 37.9 years.[13]

The median household income was $35,422 and the median family income was $45,042. Males had a median income of $35,114 versus $25,329 for females. The per capita income for the county was $10,043. About 14.3% of families and 24.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.6% of those under age 18 and 36.4% of those age 65 or over.[16]

Communities

Politics

Presidential election results
Previous presidential election results[17]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 67.6% 1,421 30.7% 646 1.7% 35
2012 63.1% 1,366 35.7% 772 1.3% 27
2008 63.6% 1,408 35.9% 794 0.5% 12
2004 58.0% 1,192 41.2% 847 0.7% 15
2000 51.6% 813 47.8% 752 0.6% 10
1996 33.9% 460 55.3% 751 10.8% 146
1992 35.4% 601 51.8% 880 12.8% 218
1988 51.6% 709 47.9% 658 0.4% 6
1984 51.8% 833 48.2% 774
1980 25.2% 550 73.2% 1,599 1.7% 37
1976 20.0% 344 80.0% 1,378
1972 78.8% 1,093 21.2% 294
1968 15.0% 251 29.2% 488 55.8% 934
1964 46.4% 849 53.6% 980
1960 18.9% 226 81.1% 970
1956 13.1% 149 86.9% 992
1952 16.9% 261 83.1% 1,280
1948 4.4% 39 63.3% 560 32.3% 286
1944 22.6% 151 77.4% 517
1940 19.0% 117 80.5% 495 0.5% 3
1936 13.6% 94 86.2% 594 0.2% 1
1932 2.5% 29 97.4% 1,127 0.1% 1
1928 24.5% 101 75.5% 312
1924 0.0% 0 88.8% 772 11.2% 97
1920 22.4% 101 77.6% 350
1916 9.0% 40 84.0% 372 7.0% 31

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 27, 2014.[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ United States counties by per capita income
  4. ^ Krakow, Kenneth K. (1975). Georgia Place-Names: Their History and Origins (PDF). Macon, GA: Winship Press. p. 251. ISBN 0-915430-00-2.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  6. ^ "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. Retrieved November 24, 2015.
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved July 31, 2019.
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 27, 2014.
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 27, 2014.
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 27, 2014.
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 27, 2014.
  12. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  13. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  14. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  15. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  16. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  17. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 24, 2018.

This page was last edited on 27 September 2020, at 10:47
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