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Chattahoochee County, Georgia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Chattahoochee County
Chattahoochee County Courthouse in Cusseta
Chattahoochee County Courthouse in Cusseta
Map of Georgia highlighting Chattahoochee County
Location within the U.S. state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 32°21′N 84°47′W / 32.35°N 84.79°W / 32.35; -84.79
Country United States
State Georgia
Founded1854; 168 years ago (1854)
Named forChattahoochee River
SeatCusseta
Largest cityCusseta
Area
 • Total251 sq mi (650 km2)
 • Land249 sq mi (640 km2)
 • Water2.4 sq mi (6 km2)  1.0%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2019)
10,907
 • Density45/sq mi (17/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district2nd
Websitewww.ugoccc.com

Chattahoochee County, also known as Cusseta-Chattahoochee County,[1] is a county located on the western border in central Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 11,267.[2] The county seat is Cusseta,[3] with which the county shares a consolidated city-county government. The city of Cusseta remains a geographically distinct municipality within Chattahoochee County.[1][4] The county was created on February 13, 1854.

Chattahoochee County is included in the Columbus, GA-AL Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

This area was occupied by the historic Muscogee people (also known as the Creek) at the time of European encounter. They had a large confederacy in the Southeast. They were among the Five Civilized Tribes who were forcibly removed to Indian Territory in the 1830s during the administration of President Andrew Jackson. European Americans moved into their former areas, in some cases acquiring land through lotteries run by the state.

The Georgia General Assembly created Chattahoochee County on February 13, 1854, from portions of Muscogee and Marion counties. It is named for the Chattahoochee River that forms its western boundary.[5] The county seat was named Cusseta to commemorate the historic Creek Indian town of that name that long existed nearby. In 2004–2005, the U.S. Census Bureau reported a 6.2% population decline, making this county at the top of those nationally with shrinking populations.

The original courthouse, built in 1854 by enslaved African Americans, is preserved at the tourist attraction of Westville in Columbus, Georgia.

Since 1918, most of the land in Chattahoochee County has been part of the Fort Benning military reservation.[6]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 251 square miles (650 km2), of which 249 square miles (640 km2) is land and 2.4 square miles (6.2 km2) (1.0%) is water.[7]

The vast majority of Chattahoochee County is located in the Middle Chattahoochee River-Walter F. George Lake subbasin of the ACF River Basin (Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River Basin). The very small southeastern corner of the county is located in the Kinchafoonee-Muckalee subbasin of the same larger ACF Basin.[8]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

The county population has declined by more than half since its peak in 1970. People have left for job opportunities elsewhere.

Historical population
Census Pop.
18605,797
18706,0594.5%
18805,670−6.4%
18904,902−13.5%
19005,79018.1%
19105,586−3.5%
19205,266−5.7%
19308,89468.9%
194015,13870.2%
195012,149−19.7%
196013,0117.1%
197025,81398.4%
198021,732−15.8%
199016,934−22.1%
200014,882−12.1%
201011,267−24.3%
2019 (est.)10,907[9]−3.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
1790-1960[11] 1900-1990[12]
1990-2000[13] 2010-2019[2]

2020 census

Chattahoochee County Racial Composition[14]
Race Num. Perc.
White 5,403 56.49%
Black or African American 1,463 15.3%
Native American 35 0.37%
Asian 304 3.18%
Pacific Islander 104 1.09%
Other/Mixed 646 6.75%
Hispanic or Latino 1,610 16.83%

As of the 2020 United States Census, there were 9,565 people, 2,570 households, and 1,886 families residing in the county.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 11,267 people, 2,686 households, and 2,067 families residing in the county.[15] The population density was 45.3 inhabitants per square mile (17.5/km2). There were 3,376 housing units at an average density of 13.6 per square mile (5.3/km2).[16] The racial makeup of the county was 68.8% white, 18.8% black or African American, 2.2% Asian, 0.7% American Indian, 0.6% Pacific islander, 4.4% from other races, and 4.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 12.4% of the population.[15] In terms of ancestry, 17.5% were German, 14.9% were Irish, 10.1% were English, 6.8% were Italian, and 3.1% were American.[17]

Of the 2,686 households, 53.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.0% were married couples living together, 16.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.0% were non-families, and 19.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.98 and the average family size was 3.45. The median age was 24.0 years.[15] Although its population has declined, the county was notable in 2016 for having the highest proportion of millennials (persons 15–34 years old) of any county within the United States: 59.7%.[18]

The median income for a household in the county was $51,089 and the median income for a family was $55,745. Males had a median income of $41,117 versus $31,422 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,202. About 14.7% of families and 15.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.4% of those under age 18 and 30.7% of those age 65 or over.[19]


Education

Politics

United States presidential election results for Chattahoochee County, Georgia[20]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 880 55.63% 667 42.16% 35 2.21%
2016 751 54.03% 594 42.73% 45 3.24%
2012 735 49.23% 729 48.83% 29 1.94%
2008 811 48.97% 830 50.12% 15 0.91%
2004 905 53.55% 773 45.74% 12 0.71%
2000 590 48.88% 600 49.71% 17 1.41%
1996 398 36.78% 565 52.22% 119 11.00%
1992 413 34.47% 604 50.42% 181 15.11%
1988 454 55.57% 362 44.31% 1 0.12%
1984 459 51.75% 428 48.25% 0 0.00%
1980 256 34.04% 476 63.30% 20 2.66%
1976 178 26.02% 506 73.98% 0 0.00%
1972 345 74.03% 121 25.97% 0 0.00%
1968 70 13.44% 148 28.41% 303 58.16%
1964 246 56.29% 191 43.71% 0 0.00%
1960 66 25.78% 190 74.22% 0 0.00%
1956 43 28.67% 107 71.33% 0 0.00%
1952 73 38.62% 116 61.38% 0 0.00%
1948 1 0.86% 46 39.66% 69 59.48%
1944 19 15.97% 100 84.03% 0 0.00%
1940 20 8.93% 204 91.07% 0 0.00%
1936 20 8.85% 206 91.15% 0 0.00%
1932 1 0.53% 186 99.47% 0 0.00%
1928 18 11.32% 141 88.68% 0 0.00%
1924 14 6.17% 208 91.63% 5 2.20%
1920 5 5.43% 87 94.57% 0 0.00%
1916 4 2.42% 156 94.55% 5 3.03%
1912 11 7.38% 137 91.95% 1 0.67%


Communities

Cities

Former census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Cusseta-Chattahoochee County". GeorgiaGov. Retrieved March 19, 2018.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on December 8, 2015. Retrieved June 19, 2014.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ "Cusseta". GeorgiaGov. Retrieved March 19, 2018.
  5. ^ Krakow, Kenneth K. (1975). Georgia Place-Names: Their History and Origins (PDF). Macon, GA: Winship Press. p. 39. ISBN 0-915430-00-2.
  6. ^ Grimsley, Reagan. "Chattahoochee County". New Georgia Encyclopedia. Retrieved March 20, 2017.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  8. ^ "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. Retrieved November 22, 2015.
  9. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 21, 2020.
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 17, 2014.
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 19, 2014.
  12. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 19, 2014.
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 19, 2014.
  14. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 9, 2021.
  15. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 27, 2015.
  16. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 27, 2015.
  17. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 27, 2015.
  18. ^ "What States and Counties Have the Most Millennials?". Overflow Data. November 14, 2016. Retrieved March 19, 2018.
  19. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 27, 2015.
  20. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 19, 2018.

External links

This page was last edited on 24 April 2022, at 04:31
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