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Bartow County, Georgia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Bartow County
Bartow County
The Bartow County Courthouse, built in 1902.
The Bartow County Courthouse, built in 1902.
Map of Georgia highlighting Bartow County
Location within the U.S. state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 34°14′N 84°50′W / 34.24°N 84.84°W / 34.24; -84.84
Country United States
State Georgia
FoundedDecember 3, 1832
Named forFrancis S. Bartow
Largest cityCartersville
 • Total470 sq mi (1,200 km2)
 • Land460 sq mi (1,200 km2)
 • Water11 sq mi (30 km2)  2.2%%
 • Estimate 
 • Density218/sq mi (84/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district11th

Bartow County is located in the northwestern part of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 100,157.[1] The county seat is Cartersville.[2]

Traditionally considered part of northwest Georgia, Bartow County is now included in the Atlanta metropolitan area, mainly in the southeastern part near Cartersville, which has become an exurb more than 40 miles (64 km) from downtown Atlanta on I-75. It has a sole commissioner government, and is the largest county by population of the few remaining in Georgia with a sole commissioner.


Bartow County was created from the Cherokee lands of the Cherokee County territory on December 3, 1832, and named Cass County, after General Lewis Cass (1782–1866) Secretary of War under President Andrew Jackson, Minister to France and Secretary of State under President James Buchanan,[3] who was instrumental in the removal of Native Americans from the area. However, the county was renamed on December 6, 1861 in honor of Francis S. Bartow because of Cass's support of the Union,[4] even though Bartow never visited in the county, living 200 miles (320 km) away near Savannah all of his life. Cass had supported the doctrine of popular sovereignty, the right of each state to determine its own laws independently of the Federal government, the platform of conservative Southerners who removed his name. The first county seat was at Cassville, but after the burning of the county courthouse and the Sherman Occupation, the seat moved to Cartersville, where it remains.

The county was profoundly affected by the Civil War, setting it back economically for many decades. May 18 and 19, 1864, General George Henry Thomas led the Army of the Cumberland after General William J. Hardee's Corps of the Army of Tennessee, and General James B. McPherson led his Federal Army of the Tennessee flanking Hardee's army to the west. This huge army was disruptive and sought food. Elements were out of control and sacked homes depleting meager supplies.[5]

Property destruction and the deaths of one-third of the county's soldiers during the war caused financial and social calamity for many.

Slaves gained their freedom, and for over a decade exercised the political franchise through the Republican Party. In 1870, about 1 black family in 12 owned real estate. More of the blacks lived in white-headed households, working as domestic servants and laborers. The great majority of freedpeople were day laborers or farm laborers, while a sizable minority occupied skilled positions such as blacksmiths, wheelwrights, and iron workers.[6]

By the late 1870s, hardship was experienced by everyone. Blacks had been relegated to second-class citizenship by Jim Crow laws.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 470 square miles (1,217 km2), of which 460 square miles (1,191 km2) is land and 11 square miles (28 km2) or 2.2% is water.[7]

The bulk of Bartow County is located in the Etowah River sub-basin of the ACT River Basin (Alabama-Coosa-Tallapoosa River Basin). The northeastern portion of the county around Rydal is located in the Coosawattee River sub-basin of the same ACT River Basin, while an even smaller northwestern section around Adairsville is located in the Oostanaula River sub-basin of the larger ACT River Basin.[8]

The Etowah is mostly part of Lake Allatoona in southeast Bartow and southwest Cherokee counties, with the Allatoona Dam near Cartersville also impounding Allatoona Creek into northwest Cobb county. The peninsula between the two major arms of the lake is home to Red Top Mountain State Park, east-southeast of Cartersville and just southeast of the dam.

Adjacent counties


Historical population
Census Pop.
Est. 2019107,738[9]7.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
1790-1960[11] 1900-1990[12]
1990-2000[13] 2010-2019[1]

2000 census

As of 2000, there were 76,019 people, 27,176 households, and 21,034 families living in the county. The population density was 64/km2 (166/mi2). There were 28,751 housing units at an average density of 24 persons/km2 (63 persons/mi2). The racial makeup of the county was 87.79% White, 8.68% African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.51% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.62% from other races, and 1.10% from two or more races. 3.32% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 27,176 households, out of which 38.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.90% were married couples living together, 11.10% had a woman whose husband does not live with her, and 22.60% were non-families. 18.70% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.76 and the average family size was 3.14.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 27.90% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 33.00% from 25 to 44, 21.40% from 45 to 64, and 9.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $43,660, and the median income for a family was $49,198. Males had a median income of $35,136 versus $24,906 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,989. 8.60% of the population and 6.60% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 9.60% were under the age of 18 and 12.20% were 65 or older.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 100,157 people, 35,782 households, and 26,529 families living in the county.[14] The population density was 217.9 inhabitants per square mile (84.1/km2). There were 39,823 housing units at an average density of 86.7 per square mile (33.5/km2).[15] The racial makeup of the county was 82.7% white, 10.2% black or African American, 0.7% Asian, 0.4% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 3.8% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 7.7% of the population.[14] In terms of ancestry, 13.9% were American, 10.0% were Irish, 9.3% were English, and 7.8% were German.[16]

Of the 35,782 households, 39.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.8% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.9% were non-families, and 21.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.20. The median age was 36.2 years.[14]

The median income for a household in the county was $49,216 and the median income for a family was $56,281. Males had a median income of $42,835 versus $31,225 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,241. About 10.8% of families and 14.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.9% of those under age 18 and 12.1% of those age 65 or over.[17]


Public education in Bartow County is administered by Bartow County School District and Cartersville City Schools.

Excel Christian Academy and The Trinity School are private institutions.


Bartow County has voted Republican consistently since the 1984 presidential election.[citation needed] Mitt Romney carried the county in the 2012 presidential election with 75.1% of the vote. Barack Obama won the minority of votes in the county, at 23.5%, making Bartow County one of the least Democratic counties in Georgia.[citation needed]

Presidential elections results
Previous presidential elections results[18]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 75.3% 29,911 20.7% 8,212 4.1% 1610
2012 74.9% 26,876 23.4% 8,396 1.7% 625
2008 71.8% 25,976 26.7% 9,662 1.5% 537
2004 73.7% 22,311 25.6% 7,741 0.8% 239
2000 64.6% 14,720 33.0% 7,508 2.4% 553
1996 51.3% 9,250 38.0% 6,853 10.7% 1922
1992 45.6% 7,742 39.3% 6,675 15.1% 2573
1988 61.6% 8,039 37.4% 4,884 0.9% 121
1984 59.8% 7,104 40.2% 4,780
1980 28.9% 3,135 69.0% 7,490 2.1% 228
1976 18.7% 1,876 81.3% 8,166
1972 75.3% 4,836 24.7% 1,590
1968 24.8% 2,045 26.1% 2154 49.1% 4,052
1964 37.8% 2,813 62.2% 4,635
1960 26.7% 1,292 73.3% 3,545
1956 29.7% 1,536 70.3% 3,640
1952 22.9% 1,183 77.1% 3,973
1948 6.6% 203 77.7% 2,384 15.7% 481
1944 20.9% 506 79.1% 1,915
1940 15.4% 318 84.2% 1,734 0.4% 8
1936 16.6% 444 83.1% 2,228 0.3% 8
1932 7.2% 121 92.2% 1,546 0.6% 10
1928 50.2% 838 49.8% 830
1924 34.6% 482 60.7% 846 4.7% 65
1920 45.0% 754 55.0% 922
1916 18.7% 326 76.0% 1,325 5.3% 92
1912 34.5% 553 60.0% 963 5.6% 89


Major highways

Secondary highways

  • Euharlee Road
  • Old S.R. 293. Portion south of Emerson and east of U.S. 41 into Cobb County.
  • Old Alabama Road. Future route of S.R. 113.
  • Burnt Hickory Road
  • Taylorsville-Macedonia Road
  • Macedonia Road
  • Halls Station Road
  • Spring Place Road
  • Cassville-White Road
  • Glade Road
  • Red Top Mountain Rd
  • Peeples Valley Rd
  • Cassville Rd (Old U.S. 41)


  • Bartow History Museum[19] opened in 1987 and is located in the historic 1869 Courthouse in downtown Cartersville. Artifacts, photographs, documents and a variety of permanent exhibits focus on the settlement and development of Bartow County, Georgia, beginning with the early nineteenth century when the Cherokee inhabited the area. Early European settler life, the iron ore and bauxite industries, Civil War strife, post-war recovery, the Great Depression era, early textile industries and notable figures are depicted through interactive exhibits in the permanent gallery space. The museum offers a wide variety of education programs, and lectures.
  • Booth Western Art Museum,[20] an Affiliate of the Smithsonian Institution, is a 120,000-square-foot (11,000 m2) museum located in Cartersville. Guests are invited to See America's Story through contemporary Western artwork, Presidential portraits and letters, Civil War art, more than 200 Native American artifacts, and Sagebrush Ranch children's gallery. Open since August 2003, Booth Museum is the second largest art museum in the state of Georgia, and houses the largest permanent exhibition space for Western art in the country.
  • Tellus Science Museum,[21] an affiliate of the Smithsonian Institution, is a world-class 120,000-square-foot (11,000 m2) museum is located in Cartersville, just off I-75 at exit 293. The museum features four main galleries: The Weinman Mineral Gallery, The Fossil Gallery, Science in Motion and The Collins Family My Big Backyard. There is also a 120-seat digital planetarium and an observatory with a state-of-the-art 20-inch telescope located at Tellus.
  • Euharlee History Museum,[22] is located adjacent to the Euharlee Covered Bridge in Euharlee, Georgia, about 9 miles west of downtown Cartersville. The museum opened in 1997 and is a cooperation between the Euharlee Historical Society and the City of Euharlee.
  • Adairsville Rail Depot Age of Steam Museum,[23] is located in a restored 1847 railroad depot on the Historic Public Square, in Adairsville along with a locally operated Welcome Center. The Museum displays artifacts and pictures covering almost 150 years of life in the area, including the Civil War, the chenille boom, railroad history, early farming implements, and weapons.


  • Bartow County Georgia Hiking Trails[24]
  • Etowah Indian Mounds



Unincorporated communities

Historical communities[25]

Allatoona Aylmer ATCO Aubrey Bartow
Best's Birmingham Bochee Bolivar Cass Line
Cass Station Cassville (Manassas) Cave Cement Center
Clifford Connaseena Corbin Dewey Etowah
Etowah Valley (see Rowland Springs) Eves Ferrobutte (see Rogers Station) Five Forks Flexatile (see Funkhouser)
Folsom Ford Grassdale Gum Springs Halls Station (see Linwood)
Iron Hill Ironville Junta Ladds Ligon
Linwood (see Hall's Station) Little Prairie Malbone McCallie McGinnis
Mountain House Murchisons Nalinza Pine Log (see Rydal) Rogers Station (aka Rogersville)
Rowland Springs (see Etowah Valley) Ruby Rydal (see Pine Log) Sanfordsville Sophia
Stamp Creek Stilesboro Sugar Hill Woolley's Wyvern

See also


  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 6, 2011. Retrieved June 18, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on July 12, 2012. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ [1],
  4. ^ "Bartow County". Calhoun Times. September 1, 2004. p. 13. Retrieved April 23, 2015.
  5. ^ Howard, Frances Thomas (2007). In and Out of the Lines. Cartesville, Georgia: Etowah Valley Historical Society. pp. 9, overleaf.
  6. ^ Keith S. Hébert, "The Bitter Trial of Defeat and Emancipation: Reconstruction in Bartow County, Georgia, 1865–1872," Georgia Historical Quarterly, Spring 2008, Vol. 92 Issue 1, pp 65–92
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  8. ^ "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. Retrieved November 19, 2015.
  9. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 21, 2020.
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 18, 2014.
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 18, 2014.
  12. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 18, 2014.
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 18, 2014.
  14. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 27, 2015.
  15. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 27, 2015.
  16. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 27, 2015.
  17. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 27, 2015.
  18. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved March 18, 2018.
  19. ^ "Bartow History Museum - Cartersville, Georgia - Bartow History Center".
  20. ^ "The Booth Western Art Museum - Cartersville, GA".
  21. ^ Museum, Tellus Science. "Tellus Science Museum - Cartersville, GA". Tellus Museum in Cartersville, Georgia.
  22. ^ "Euharlee Welcome Center and History Museum".
  23. ^ Adairsville Rail Depot Museum
  24. ^ "Bartow County Georgia Hiking Trails".
  25. ^ Place names supplied by Etowah Valley Historical Society -- EVHS

External links

This page was last edited on 19 July 2020, at 01:14
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