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2020 United States presidential election in Georgia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

2020 United States presidential election in Georgia

← 2016 November 3, 2020 2024 →
Turnout67.7% Increase (preliminary)[1]
 
Joe Biden presidential portrait (cropped).jpg
Donald Trump official portrait (cropped).jpg
Nominee Joe Biden Donald Trump
Party Democratic Republican
Home state Delaware Florida
Running mate Kamala Harris Mike Pence
Electoral vote 16 0
Popular vote 2,473,633 2,461,854
Percentage 49.47% 49.24%

Georgia Presidential Election Results 2020.svg
County results

President before election

Donald Trump
Republican

Elected President

Joe Biden
Democratic

The 2020 United States presidential election in Georgia was held on Tuesday, November 3, 2020, as part of the 2020 United States elections in which all 50 states plus the District of Columbia participated.[2] Georgia voters chose electors to represent them in the Electoral College via a popular vote, pitting the Republican Party's nominee, incumbent President Donald Trump of Florida, and running mate Vice President Mike Pence of Indiana against Democratic Party nominee, former Vice President Joe Biden of Delaware, and his running mate California Senator Kamala Harris. Georgia has 16 electoral votes in the Electoral College.[3]

Biden narrowly won Georgia by a margin of 0.24% and 11,779 votes. Leading up to the election, Georgia was seen as a key swing state in both the presidential and senatorial elections—both a regular Class II U.S. Senate election and a special election—due to the rapid growth and diversification of Atlanta's suburbs, where Republicans were once dominant. Polls of the state throughout the campaign indicated a close race, and prior to election day, most news organizations considered Georgia a toss-up. This was the only state in the Deep South carried by Biden, made possible by significant racial demographic shifts over the previous decade, especially in Atlanta and its surrounding suburbs.[4]

Like in other states, Trump had an early lead on election night due to the state counting in-person votes first on that day, before counting mail-in ballots over the following days. Biden subsequently cut into Trump's margin over the course of the week and eventually overtook Trump on Friday morning. Although Burke County flipped to Trump after supporting Hillary Clinton in 2016, Biden was able to build Clinton's vote shares in the densely populated suburban counties of Gwinnett, Cobb, and Henry, increasing her vote shares of 51%, 49%, and 51% to 58%, 56%, and 60%, respectively. This helped Biden to narrowly win the state by a plurality.

Due to the close margins in the initial election results, Georgia Secretary of State Brad Raffensperger announced on November 11 that a full audit by hand would be conducted.[5] The audit was completed on November 18,[6][7] and Biden was confirmed to be the winner on November 19.[8] Biden became the first Democrat to carry the state since Bill Clinton in 1992,[9] as well as the first Democrat to win a statewide election in Georgia since 2006.[10] Additionally, Biden became the first Democrat to carry a state in the Deep South since Bill Clinton carried Louisiana in 1996, as well as the first non-Southern Democrat to do so since John F. Kennedy in 1960. Nevertheless, Biden also became the first Democrat to gain over 70% of the vote in Fulton County since Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1944.

This is the first time since 1992 that Georgia voted more Democratic than neighboring Florida and the first time since 2000 that it voted more Democratic than also-neighboring North Carolina. Additionally, it was the first time since 1860 that Laurens County and Monroe County did not vote for the statewide winner.[11] Georgia was one of seventeen states where Trump received a smaller percentage of the vote than he did in the 2016 election.[a]

Primary elections

The presidential preference primary was originally scheduled for March 24, 2020. On March 14, it was moved to May 19 due to concerns over the COVID-19 pandemic.[12] On April 9, the preference primary was again rescheduled to June 9, being combined with the regular, usually-separate primary for other federal and state primaries as well as local elections in some counties, the first time in Georgia history that all primaries were combined on the same date.[13] Secretary of State Raffensperger approved sending out absentee ballot application forms to 6.9 million active voters for the combined primary, of which 1.1 million absentee ballots were requested. The total turnout for the combined primary was the highest since the 2008 presidential primary, and broke the record for most absentee ballots cast in a Georgia primary.

Republican primary

Incumbent President Donald Trump ran unopposed in the Republican primary and thus received all of Georgia's 76 delegates to the 2020 Republican National Convention.[14]

2020 Georgia Republican presidential primary
Candidate Votes % Delegates
Donald Trump 947,352 100 76
Total 947,352 100.00 76

Democratic primary

2020 Georgia Democratic presidential primary[15]
Candidate Votes % Delegates[16]
Joe Biden 922,177 84.86% 105
Bernie Sanders (withdrawn) 101,668 9.36%
Elizabeth Warren (withdrawn) 21,906 2.02%
Andrew Yang (withdrawn) 9,117 0.84%
Michael Bloomberg (withdrawn) 7,657 0.70%
Pete Buttigieg (withdrawn) 6,346 0.58%
Michael Bennet (withdrawn) 5,154 0.47%
Amy Klobuchar (withdrawn) 4,317 0.40%
Tulsi Gabbard (withdrawn) 4,117 0.38%
Tom Steyer (withdrawn) 1,752 0.16%
John Delaney (withdrawn) 1,476 0.14%
Deval Patrick (withdrawn) 1,042 0.10%
Total 1,086,729 100% 105

More than 200,000 votes were also cast by mail in the March 24 presidential preference primary before it was cancelled amidst the COVID-19 pandemic. These votes were not included in the official primary result, however they were separately counted.[17] Voters who participated in the March 24 primary were able to vote again in the June 9 primary for all other offices.[18]

General election

Final predictions

Source Ranking
The Cook Political Report[19] Tossup
Inside Elections[20] Tilt D (flip)
Sabato's Crystal Ball[21] Lean D (flip)
Politico[22] Tossup
RCP[23] Tossup
Niskanen[24] Tossup
CNN[25] Tossup
The Economist[26] Tossup
CBS News[27] Tossup
270towin[28] Tossup
ABC News[29] Lean D (flip)
NPR[30] Tossup
NBC News[31] Tossup
538[32] Tossup

Polling

Graphical summary
Aggregate polls
Source of poll
aggregation
Dates
administered
Dates
updated
Joe
Biden

Democratic
Donald
Trump

Republican
Other/
Undecided
[b]
Margin
270 to Win Oct 29 – Nov 2, 2020 November 3, 2020 47.6% 47.4% 5.0% Biden +0.2
Real Clear Politics Oct 23 – Nov 2, 2020 November 3, 2020 47.2% 48.2% 4.6% Trump +1.0
FiveThirtyEight until November 2, 2020 November 3, 2020 48.5% 47.4% 4.1% Biden +1.2
Average 47.8% 47.7% 4.6% Biden +0.1

Polls

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[c]
Margin
of error
Donald
Trump

Republican
Joe
Biden

Democratic
Jo
Jorgensen

Libertarian
Other Undecided
Trafalgar Group Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2020 1,041 (LV) ± 2.96% 50% 45% 3% 1%[d] 1%
SurveyMonkey/Axios Oct 20 – Nov 2, 2020 3,962 (LV) ± 2.5% 48%[e] 50%
Landmark Communications/WSBTV Nov 1, 2020 500 (LV) ± 4.4% 50% 46% 3% 1%
Insider Advantage/Center for American Greatness[A] Nov 1, 2020 500 (LV) ± 4.4% 48% 46% 4% 2%
AYTM/Aspiration Oct 30 – Nov 1, 2020 380 (LV) 48% 52%
Swayable Oct 27 – Nov 1, 2020 438 (LV) ± 6.2% 44% 54% 2%
Data for Progress Oct 27 – Nov 1, 2020 1,036 (LV) ± 3% 48% 50% 1% 0%[f]
AtlasIntel Oct 30–31, 2020 679 (LV) ± 4% 48% 46% 6%
Emerson College Oct 29–31, 2020 749 (LV) ± 3.5% 49%[g] 48% 2%[h]
Morning Consult Oct 22–31, 2020 1,743 (LV) ± 2.0% 46% 49%
Landmark Communications/WSBTV Oct 28, 2020 750 (LV) ± 3.6% 48% 47% 3% 3%
Public Policy Polling Oct 27–28, 2020 661 (V) 46% 48% 4%[i] 2%
SurveyMonkey/Axios Oct 1–28, 2020 7,019 (LV) 48% 50%
Monmouth University Oct 23–27, 2020 504 (RV) ± 4.4% 45% 50% 2% 1%[j] 2%
504 (LV) 46%[k] 50%
48%[l] 50%
Swayable Oct 23–26, 2020 373 (LV) ± 6.9% 48% 51% 1%
Civiqs/Daily Kos Oct 23–26, 2020 1,041 (LV) ± 3.3% 46% 51% 2%[h] 0%
Wick Surveys Oct 24–25, 2020 1,000 (LV) ± 3.1% 49% 47%
YouGov/CBS Oct 20–23, 2020 1,090 (LV) ± 3.4% 49% 49% 2%[m] 0%
University of Georgia/AJC Oct 14–23, 2020 1,145 (LV) ± 4% 46% 47% 3% 4%
Landmark Communications/WSBTV Oct 21, 2020 500 (LV) ± 4.4% 49% 45% 4%
Citizen Data Oct 17–20, 2020 1,000 (LV) ± 3% 44% 48% 1% 2%[n] 5%
Morning Consult Oct 11–20, 2020 1,672 (LV) ± 2.4% 48% 48%
Emerson College Oct 17–19, 2020 506 (LV) ± 4.3% 48%[g] 47% 5%[o]
Siena College/NYT Upshot Oct 13–19, 2020 759 (LV) ± 4.1% 45% 45% 2% 2%[p] 7%[q]
Opinion Insight/American Action Forum[B] Oct 12–15, 2020 801 (LV) ± 3.46% 46%[g] 49% 3%[r] 4%[q]
Garin-Hart-Yang/Jon Ossoff[C] Oct 11–14, 2020 600 (LV) 44% 51%
Quinnipiac University Oct 8–12, 2020 1,040 (LV) ± 3.0% 44% 51% 1%[d] 4%
SurveyUSA Oct 8–12, 2020 677 (LV) ± 5.7% 46% 48% 2%[s] 4%
Data for Progress Oct 8–11, 2020 782 (LV) ± 3.5% 46% 46% 2% 1%[t] 5%
Morning Consult Oct 2–11, 2020 1,837 (LV) ± 2.3% 49% 47%
Public Policy Polling Oct 8–9, 2020 528 (V) ± 4.3% 46% 47% 3%[u] 3%
Landmark Communications Oct 7, 2020 600 (LV) ± 4.0% 48.6% 46.8% 0.7% 3.9%
YouGov/CCES Sep 29 – Oct 7, 2020 1,456 (LV) 47% 48%
University of Georgia/AJC Sep 27 – Oct 6, 2020 1,106 (LV) ± 2.9% 47% 46% 3% 3%
Landmark Communications/WSB Sep 30, 2020 500 (LV) ± 4% 45% 47% 3%
SurveyMonkey/Tableau Sep 1–30, 2020 3,468 (LV) 48% 49% 2%
Civiqs/Daily Kos Sep 26–29, 2020 969 (LV) ± 3.5% 47% 50% 2%[h] 1%
Hart Research Associates/Human Rights Campaign[D] Sep 24–27, 2020 400 (LV) ± 4.9% 47% 50%
Quinnipiac University Sep 23–27, 2020 1,125 (LV) ± 2.9% 47% 50% 1%[d] 2%
Redfield & Wilton Strategies Sep 23–26, 2020 789 (LV) ± 3.49% 44% 45% 2% 1%[v] 8%
YouGov/CBS Sep 22–25, 2020 1,164 (LV) ± 3.4% 47% 46% 2%[h] 5%
Monmouth University Sep 17–21, 2020 402 (RV) ± 4.9% 47% 46% 2% 0%[w] 4%
402 (LV) 48%[k] 46% 2% 4%
50%[l] 45% 1% 3%
Siena College/NYT Upshot Sep 16–21, 2020 523 (LV) ± 4.9% 45% 45% 2% 0%[x] 8%[q]
University of Georgia/AJC Sep 11–20, 2020 1,150 (LV) ± 4% 47% 47% 1% 4%
Data for Progress (D) Sep 14–19, 2020 800 (LV) ± 3.5% 45%[y] 45% 1% 0%[z] 8%
46%[aa] 46% 8%
GBAO Strategies/Warnock for Georgia[E] Sep 14–16, 2020 600 (LV) ± 4% 46% 49%
Redfield & Wilton Strategies Sep 12–16, 2020 800 (LV) ± 3.46% 46% 45% 2% 1%[v] 6%
Morning Consult Aug 29 – Sep 7, 2020 1,486 (LV) ± (2%–4%) 48%[ab] 46%
Fabrizio Ward/Hart Research Associates/AARP Aug 30 – Sep 5, 2020 800 (LV) ± 3.5% 46% 47% 1%[ac] 6%
Opinion Insight/American Action Forum[B] Aug 30 – Sep 2, 2020 800 (LV) ± 3.46% 46%[g] 47% 2% 1%[ad] 4%
Landmark Communications/WSB Aug 29–31, 2020 500 (LV) ± 4.4% 48% 41% 2% 9%
SurveyMonkey/Tableau Aug 1–31, 2020 2,772 (LV) 49% 49% 2%
Morning Consult Aug 21–30, 2020 1,392 (LV) ± (2%–4%) 46% 49%
HarrisX/Matt Lieberman[F] Aug 20–30, 2020 1,616 (RV) ± 2.4% 46% 52% 2%[ae]
PPP/Fair Fight Action[G] Aug 24–25, 2020 782 (V) ± 3.5% 46% 47% 6%
Morning Consult Aug 7–16, 2020 1,265 (LV) ± (2%–4%) 47% 46%
Landmark Communications Aug 14–15, 2020 500 (LV) ± 4.4% 48% 45% 4% 3%
SurveyUSA Aug 6–8, 2020 623 (LV) ± 5.3% 44% 46% 4%[af] 6%
YouGov/CBS Jul 28–31, 2020 1,109 (LV) ± 3.4% 45% 46% 3%[ag] 5%
HIT Strategies/DFER[H] Jul 23–31, 2020 400 (RV) ± 4.9% 40% 44% 6%[ah] 10%[q]
SurveyMonkey/Tableau Jul 1–31, 2020 3,745 (LV) 53% 45% 2%
Monmouth University Jul 23–27, 2020 402 (RV) ± 2% 47% 47% 3% 3%
402 (LV) 48%[k] 47% 2% 3%
49%[l] 46% 2% 4%
Morning Consult Jul 17–26, 2020 1,337 (LV) ± 2.7% 46% 47%
Public Policy Polling/AFSCME[I] Jul 23–24, 2020 722 (V) 45% 46% 9%
Trafalgar Group Jul 15–18, 2020 1,023 (LV) ± 3.0% 50% 43% 2% 2%[ai] 2%
Spry Strategies/American Principles Project[J] Jul 11–16, 2020 700 (LV) ± 3.7% 49% 46% 5%
Garin-Hart-Yang/Jon Ossoff[C] Jul 9–15, 2020 800 (LV) ± 3.5% 43% 47% 10%
Gravis Marketing/OANN Jul 2, 2020 513 (LV) ± 4.3% 48% 45% - 8%
SurveyMonkey/Tableau Jun 8–30, 2020 2,059 (LV) 49% 49% 2%
Public Policy Polling/End Citizens United[K] Jun 25–26, 2020 734 (RV) ± 3.6% 45% 49% - 6%
Fox News Jun 20–23, 2020 1,013 (RV) ± 3.0% 45% 47% - 4%[aj] 5%
Public Policy Polling Jun 12–13, 2020 661 (V) ± 3.4% 46% 48% - 6%
TargetSmart May 21–27, 2020 321 (RV) ± 5.5% 44% 40% - 10%[ak] 6%
Morning Consult May 17–26, 2020 1,396 (LV) 49% 47%
Civiqs/Daily Kos May 16–18, 2020 1,339 (RV) ± 3.1% 47% 48% - 3%[u] 2%
The Progress Campaign (D)[1] May 6–15, 2020 2,893 (LV) ± 2% 47% 47% - 6%[al]
BK Strategies/Republican State Leadership Committee[L] May 11–13, 2020 700 (LV) ± 3.7% 48% 46% -
Public Opinion Strategies (R) May 4–7, 2020 500 (LV) ± 4.38% 46% 47% - 7%[am]
Cygnal/David Ralston[2][M] Apr 25–27, 2020 591 (LV) ± 4.0% 45% 44% - 7% 5%
Battleground Connect/Doug Collins for Senate[N] Mar 31 – Apr 1, 2020 1,035 (LV) ± 3.0% 48% 46% - 6%
The Progress Campaign (D) Mar 12–21, 2020 3,042 (RV) ± 4.5% 49% 47% - 4%
University of Georgia Feb 24 – Mar 2, 2020 1,117 (LV) ± 2.9% 51% 43% - 4% 2%
Mason-Dixon Dec 19–23, 2019 625 (RV) ± 4.0% 51% 44% - 5%
SurveyUSA Nov 15–18, 2019 1,303 (LV) ± 3.2% 43% 47% - 10%
Climate Nexus Nov 4–10, 2019 688 (LV) 47% 48% - 5%
University of Georgia Oct 30 – Nov 8, 2019 1,028 (RV) ± 3% 43% 51% - 3% 4%[an]
Zogby Analytics Oct 28–30, 2019 550 (LV) ± 4.2% 44% 46% - 11%
Former candidates

Donald Trump vs. Michael Bloomberg

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[c]
Margin
of error
Donald
Trump (R)
Michael
Bloomberg (D)
Other Undecided
University of Georgia Feb 24 – Mar 2, 2019 1,117 (LV) ± 2.9% 50% 42% 6% 3%
SurveyUSA Nov 15–18, 2019 1,303 (LV) ± 3.2% 44% 42% - 14%

Donald Trump vs. Pete Buttigieg

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[c]
Margin
of error
Donald
Trump (R)
Pete
Buttigieg (D)
Other Undecided
Mason-Dixon Dec 19–23, 2019 625 (RV) ± 4.0% 52% 43% - 5%
SurveyUSA/WXIA-TV Nov 15–18, 2019 1,303 (LV) ± 3.2% 45% 41% - 14%
Climate Nexus Nov 4–10, 2019 688 (LV) 49% 42% 9%
Atlanta Journal-Constitution Oct 30 – Nov 8, 2019 1,028 (RV) ± 3% 43% 46% 4% 5%[ao]
Zogby Analytics Oct 28–30, 2019 550 (LV) ± 4.2% 45% 38% - 17%

Donald Trump vs. Kamala Harris

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[c]
Margin
of error
Donald
Trump (R)
Kamala
Harris (D)
Other Undecided
SurveyUSA/WXIA-TV Nov 15–18, 2019 1,303 (LV) ± 3.2% 46% 43% - 11%
Climate Nexus Nov 4–10, 2019 688 (LV) 49% 44% 7%
Atlanta Journal-Constitution Oct 30 – Nov 8, 2019 1,028 (RV) ± 3% 44% 45% 4% 7%[ap]
Zogby Analytics Oct 28–30, 2019 550 (LV) ± 4.2% 44% 42% - 14%

Donald Trump vs. Bernie Sanders

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[c]
Margin
of error
Donald
Trump (R)
Bernie
Sanders (D)
Other Undecided
The Progress Campaign (D) Mar 12–21, 2020 3,042 (RV) ± 4.5% 51% 46% 3%
University of Georgia Feb 24 – Mar 2, 2019 1,117 (LV) ± 2.9% 52% 41% 5% 2%
Mason-Dixon Dec 19–23, 2019 625 (RV) ± 4.0% 52% 42% 6%
SurveyUSA Nov 15–18, 2019 1,303 (LV) ± 3.2% 44% 47% 9%
Climate Nexus Nov 4–10, 2019 688 (LV) 48% 46% 6%
University of Georgia Oct 30 – Nov 8, 2019 1,028 (RV) ± 3% 44% 48% 4% 5%[aq]
Zogby Analytics Oct 28–30, 2019 550 (LV) ± 4.2% 43% 48% 9%

Donald Trump vs. Elizabeth Warren

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[c]
Margin
of error
Donald
Trump (R)
Elizabeth
Warren (D)
Other Undecided
University of Georgia Feb 24 – Mar 2, 2019 1,117 (LV) ± 2.9% 52% 42% 4% 2%
Mason-Dixon Dec 19–23, 2019 625 (RV) ± 4.0% 54% 40% - 6%
SurveyUSA/WXIA-TV Nov 15–18, 2019 1,303 (LV) ± 3.2% 45% 46% - 9%
Climate Nexus Nov 4–10, 2019 688 (LV) 47% 47% 5%
Atlanta Journal-Constitution Oct 30 – Nov 8, 2019 1,028 (RV) ± 3% 44% 47% 4% 5%[aq]
Zogby Analytics Oct 28–30, 2019 550 (LV) ± 4.2% 44% 42% - 14%
Hypothetical polling

Donald Trump vs. Generic Opponent

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[c]
Margin
of error
Donald
Trump (R)
Generic
Opponent
Other Undecided
AJC[3] Jan 6–15, 2020 1,025 (V) ± 3.1% 43.6% 46.9%[ar] 1.8%[as] 7.7%[at]

Turnout

Voter registration for the 2020 general elections ended on October 5 in Georgia, with a final total of 7,233,584 active registered voters,[33] an increase of 1,790,538 new voters since the 2016 election and 805,003 new voters since the 2018 gubernatorial election. Absentee mail ballots were first sent out on September 15. Unlike the June 9 combined primary, Georgia Secretary of State Brad Raffensperger declined to mail out absentee ballot request forms for the November 3 election, and instead established a website for registered voters to apply for an absentee ballot;[34] in addition, third-party non-profit organizations such as the Voter Participation Center sent out over 2.2 million absentee request forms to registered voters by mail, including to voters who did not have computers nor Internet access.[35] 1,731,117 absentee ballots were requested by mail or online by voters by the deadline of October 23. The Secretary of State's office allowed counties to install multiple drop boxes for absentee voters to bypass the postal system, on the condition that the drop boxes be installed on county government property and surveilled with 24-hour cameras.

Early in-person voting began on October 12. Complaints regarding hours-long early-voting lines soon arose across the state, especially in Metro Atlanta counties; state officials attributed the long durations of lines to voter enthusiasm and lack of preparation by county boards of elections.

Raffensperger recorded 126,876 votes having been cast early or absentee across the state on October 12, a record turnout for the first day of early voting in a Georgia general election.[36] The record turnout continued throughout the first week, with 1,555,622 having been cast by October 19. By October 21, 2,124,571 votes had been cast, over 50% of total votes cast in the 2016 election, and by October 30, over 50% of registered voters had cast their ballots.

Results

Following the November 3 general election, voters whose mail-in ballots were rejected could submit corrections until 5:00 p.m. on Friday, November 6.[37][38]

2020 United States presidential election in Georgia[39][40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Joe Biden
Kamala Harris
2,473,633 49.47% +4.12%
Republican Donald Trump
Mike Pence
2,461,854 49.24% -1.16%
Libertarian Jo Jorgensen
Spike Cohen
62,229 1.24% -1.77%
Green Howie Hawkins (write-in)
Angela Walker
1,013 0.02%
Write-in 1,231 0.02%
Total votes 4,999,960 100.00%

By county

Note: The percentages in this table are not the same as the totals above. This is because the table below includes write-in votes with the candidates unreported by the Georgia Secretary of State.

County[41] Joe Biden
Democratic
Donald Trump
Republican
Jo Jorgensen
Libertarian
Howie Hawkins
Green
Brian Carroll
American Solidarity
Margin Total votes cast
# % # % # % # # # %
Appling 1,779 21.33% 6,526 78.24% 36 0.43% 0 0 -4,747 -56.91% 8,341
Atkinson 825 26.15% 2,300 72.90% 30 0.95% 0 0 -1,475 -46.75% 3,155
Bacon 625 13.39% 4,018 86.08% 25 0.54% 0 0 -3,393 -72.69% 4,668
Baker 652 41.93% 897 57.68% 6 0.39% 0 0 -245 -15.76% 1,555
Baldwin 9,140 50.08% 8,903 48.78% 208 1.14% 4 1 237 1.30% 18,251
Banks 932 10.59% 7,795 88.57% 74 0.84% 3 0 -6,863 -77.98% 8,801
Barrow 10,453 27.57% 26,804 70.68% 664 1.75% 18 5 -16,351 -43.12% 37,921
Bartow 12,092 23.96% 37,674 74.65% 701 1.39% 14 2 -25,582 -50.69% 50,467
Ben Hill 2,392 36.46% 4,110 62.65% 58 0.88% 0 0 -1,718 -26.19% 6,560
Berrien 1,269 16.39% 6,419 82.90% 55 0.71% 1 0 -5,150 -66.51% 7,743
Bibb[42] 43,468 61.39% 26,585 37.55% 749 1.06% 19 17 16,883 23.85% 70,802
Bleckley 1,311 22.98% 4,328 75.85% 67 1.17% 1 0 -3,017 -52.87% 5,706
Brantley 699 9.02% 6,991 90.25% 56 0.72% 0 0 -6,292 -81.23% 7,746
Brooks 2,790 39.30% 4,260 60.00% 50 0.70% 0 0 -1,470 -20.70% 7,100
Bryan 6,739 31.58% 14,244 66.75% 357 1.67% 9 4 -7,505 -35.17% 21,340
Bulloch 11,243 37.37% 18,386 61.12% 455 1.51% 13 4 -7,143 -23.74% 30,084
Burke 5,209 48.76% 5,400 50.54% 75 0.70% 1 0 -191 -1.79% 10,684
Butts 3,274 27.81% 8,406 71.41% 91 0.77% 2 1 -5,132 -43.60% 11,771
Calhoun 1,260 57.43% 923 42.07% 11 0.50% 0 0 337 15.36% 2,194
Camden[43] 7,967 33.63% 15,251 64.38% 470 1.98% 10 0 -7,284 -30.75% 23,688
Candler 1,269 28.64% 3,133 70.71% 29 0.65% 0 0 -1,864 -42.07% 4,431
Carroll 16,238 29.81% 37,476 68.80% 760 1.40% 11 11 -21,238 -38.99% 54,474
Catoosa[44] 6,932 21.27% 25,167 77.22% 494 1.52% 8 22 -18,235 -55.95% 32,593
Charlton 1,103 24.16% 3,419 74.88% 44 0.96% 0 0 -2,316 -50.72% 4,566
Chatham[45] 78,254 58.65% 53,237 39.90% 1,929 1.45% 32 32 25,017 18.75% 133,420
Chattahoochee[46] 667 42.16% 880 55.63% 35 2.21% 0 0 -213 -13.46% 1,582
Chattooga 1,854 18.45% 8,064 80.24% 132 1.31% 3 0 -6,210 -61.79% 10,050
Cherokee[47] 42,794 29.55% 99,587 68.76% 2,449 1.69% 19 17 -56,793 -39.21% 144,830
Clarke[48] 36,048 70.22% 14,446 28.14% 839 1.63% 37 25 21,602 42.08% 51,333
Clay 790 55.09% 637 44.42% 7 0.49% 1 0 153 10.67% 1,434
Clayton[49] 95,476 84.99% 15,813 14.08% 1,055 0.94% 31 5 79,663 70.91% 112,344
Clinch 747 26.08% 2,105 73.50% 12 0.42% 0 0 -1,358 -47.42% 2,864
Cobb[50] 221,846 56.34% 165,459 42.02% 6,441 1.64% 123 85 56,387 14.32% 393,746
Coffee 4,511 29.65% 10,578 69.53% 125 0.82% 0 0 -6,067 -39.88% 15,214
Colquitt 4,187 26.03% 11,777 73.23% 119 0.74% 1 0 -7,590 -47.19% 16,083
Columbia[51] 29,236 36.28% 50,013 62.07% 1,330 1.65% 14 18 -20,777 -25.78% 80,579
Cook 2,059 29.27% 4,900 69.65% 76 1.08% 1 0 -2,841 -40.38% 7,035
Coweta[52] 24,210 31.52% 51,501 67.06% 1,088 1.42% 18 18 -27,291 -35.54% 76,799
Crawford 1,615 26.47% 4,428 72.57% 59 0.97% 0 0 -2,813 -46.10% 6,102
Crisp 2,986 37.14% 4,987 62.04% 66 0.82% 3 0 -2,001 -24.89% 8,039
Dade 1,261 16.96% 6,066 81.60% 107 1.44% 4 9 -4,805 -64.64% 7,434
Dawson[53] 2,486 15.46% 13,398 83.32% 197 1.23% 2 1 -10,912 -67.86% 16,081
Decatur[54] 4,780 41.11% 6,758 58.12% 89 0.77% 1 2 -1,978 -17.01% 11,627
DeKalb[55] 308,227 83.12% 58,373 15.74% 4,204 1.13% 65 25 249,854 67.38% 370,804
Dodge 2,171 26.90% 5,843 72.40% 56 0.69% 1 0 -3,672 -45.50% 8,070
Dooly 1,911 46.55% 2,159 52.59% 35 0.85% 1 0 -248 -6.04% 4,105
Dougherty 24,577 69.60% 10,454 29.61% 280 0.79% 2 1 14,123 40.00% 35,311
Douglas[56] 42,809 61.95% 25,451 36.83% 837 1.21% 25 4 17,358 25.12% 69,097
Early 2,437 46.98% 2,722 52.48% 28 0.54% 0 0 -285 -5.49% 5,187
Echols 167 11.59% 1,256 87.16% 18 1.25% 1 0 -1,089 -75.57% 1,441
Effingham 7,720 24.45% 23,358 73.99% 492 1.56% 2 2 -15,638 -49.53% 31,570
Elbert 2,879 31.39% 6,226 67.89% 66 0.72% 1 0 -3,347 -36.50% 9,171
Emanuel 2,884 30.35% 6,551 68.95% 66 0.69% 2 0 -3,667 -38.60% 9,501
Evans 1,324 31.17% 2,888 68.00% 35 0.82% 1 0 -1,564 -36.83% 4,247
Fannin[57] 2,571 17.31% 12,169 81.95% 110 0.74% 0 0 -9,598 -64.63% 14,850
Fayette 33,065 45.93% 37,952 52.72% 976 1.36% 6 11 -4,887 -6.79% 71,993
Floyd 12,008 28.83% 29,123 69.93% 517 1.24% 9 14 -17,115 -41.09% 41,648
Forsyth[58] 42,203 32.64% 85,122 65.83% 1,980 1.53% 28 24 -42,919 -33.19% 129,305
Franklin[59] 1,593 14.80% 9,069 84.25% 103 0.96% 2 0 -7,476 -69.45% 10,765
Fulton[60] 381,144 72.65% 137,240 26.16% 6,275 1.20% 147 96 243,904 46.49% 524,659
Gilmer 2,932 17.74% 13,429 81.26% 164 0.99% 1 1 -10,497 -63.52% 16,525
Glascock 155 9.90% 1,403 89.59% 8 0.51% 0 0 -1,248 -79.69% 1,566
Glynn[61] 15,879 37.82% 25,616 61.01% 489 1.16% 4 2 -9,737 -23.19% 41,984
Gordon 4,384 18.24% 19,405 80.74% 244 1.02% 4 5 -15,021 -62.50% 24,033
Grady 3,619 33.80% 7,034 65.70% 54 0.50% 0 0 -3,415 -31.90% 10,707
Greene 4,088 36.35% 7,068 62.84% 91 0.81% 1 1 -2,980 -26.50% 11,247
Gwinnett[62] 241,827 58.43% 166,413 40.21% 5,625 1.36% 132 111 75,414 18.22% 413,865
Habersham[63] 3,563 17.44% 16,637 81.43% 232 1.14% 3 7 -13,074 -63.99% 20,432
Hall 25,031 27.65% 64,170 70.89% 1,322 1.46% 28 28 -39,139 -43.24% 90,523
Hancock 2,985 71.67% 1,159 27.83% 21 0.50% 0 0 1,826 43.84% 4,165
Haralson 1,792 12.58% 12,331 86.55% 125 0.88% 0 1 -10,539 -73.97% 14,248
Harris 5,457 27.30% 14,319 71.63% 215 1.08% 5 4 -8,862 -44.33% 19,991
Hart 3,157 24.81% 9,464 74.36% 106 0.83% 5 1 -6,307 -49.56% 12,727
Heard 824 15.28% 4,516 83.77% 51 0.95% 0 0 -3,692 -68.48% 5,391
Henry[64] 73,276 59.70% 48,187 39.26% 1,279 1.04% 11 2 25,089 20.44% 122,742
Houston[65] 32,232 43.08% 41,534 55.51% 1,057 1.41% 21 6 -9,302 -12.43% 74,823
Irwin 1,008 24.18% 3,134 75.19% 26 0.62% 0 0 -2,126 -51.01% 4,168
Jackson[66] 7,642 20.29% 29,497 78.30% 531 1.41% 5 2 -21,855 -58.02% 37,670
Jasper 1,761 23.04% 5,822 76.16% 61 0.80% 2 1 -4,061 -53.13% 7,644
Jeff Davis 1,028 17.81% 4,695 81.36% 48 0.83% 3 0 -3,667 -63.54% 5,771
Jefferson 4,061 53.14% 3,537 46.28% 44 0.58% 0 0 524 6.86% 7,642
Jenkins 1,266 36.64% 2,161 62.55% 28 0.81% 0 0 -895 -25.90% 3,455
Johnson 1,222 29.80% 2,850 69.51% 28 0.68% 0 0 -1,628 -39.71% 4,100
Jones 4,888 32.66% 9,965 66.58% 113 0.76% 2 1 -5,077 -33.92% 14,966
Lamar 2,615 28.93% 6,330 70.03% 94 1.04% 0 0 -3,715 -41.10% 9,039
Lanier 1,019 28.50% 2,509 70.16% 48 1.34% 0 0 -1,490 -41.67% 3,576
Laurens 8,073 35.52% 14,493 63.76% 163 0.72% 0 1 -6,420 -28.25% 22,729
Lee 4,558 27.27% 12,007 71.84% 149 0.89% 2 1 -7,449 -44.57% 16,714
Liberty 13,099 61.24% 7,959 37.21% 331 1.55% 0 0 5,140 24.03% 21,389
Lincoln 1,435 30.86% 3,179 68.37% 36 0.77% 0 0 -1,744 -37.51% 4,650
Long 2,033 35.94% 3,528 62.38% 95 1.68% 1 1 -1,495 -26.43% 5,656
Lowndes 20,117 43.40% 25,691 55.42% 547 1.18% 12 3 -5,574 -12.02% 46,355
Lumpkin 3,126 20.13% 12,163 78.31% 242 1.56% 7 5 -9,037 -58.19% 15,531
Macon 2,857 61.28% 1,783 38.25% 22 0.47% 0 0 1,074 23.04% 4,662
Madison 3,411 22.84% 11,326 75.83% 200 1.34% 4 2 -7,915 -52.99% 14,937
Marion[67] 1,311 36.18% 2,275 62.78% 38 1.05% 1 0 -964 -26.60% 3,624
McDuffie 4,168 39.87% 6,169 59.01% 118 1.13% 0 1 -2,001 -19.14% 10,455
McIntosh 2,612 39.01% 4,016 59.98% 68 1.02% 0 0 -1,404 -20.97% 6,696
Meriwether 4,287 39.41% 6,524 59.98% 66 0.61% 1 2 -2,237 -20.57% 10,877
Miller 749 26.42% 2,066 72.87% 20 0.71% 0 0 -1,317 -46.46% 2,835
Mitchell 3,995 44.57% 4,935 55.06% 33 0.37% 0 1 -940 -10.49% 8,963
Monroe 4,384 28.12% 11,060 70.93% 148 0.95% 2 0 -6,676 -42.82% 15,592
Montgomery 979 24.68% 2,960 74.63% 27 0.68% 0 1 -1,981 -49.95% 3,966
Morgan 3,355 28.66% 8,230 70.30% 122 1.04% 2 2 -4,875 -41.64% 11,707
Murray 2,302 14.96% 12,943 84.11% 144 0.94% 3 1 -10,641 -69.15% 15,389
Muscogee[68] 49,529 61.49% 30,049 37.31% 965 1.20% 8 12 19,480 24.19% 80,543
Newton 29,794 54.93% 23,869 44.01% 576 1.06% 14 3 5,925 10.92% 54,239
Oconee[69] 8,162 32.43% 16,595 65.94% 411 1.63% 8 16 -8,433 -33.51% 25,168
Oglethorpe 2,436 29.96% 5,593 68.79% 102 1.25% 2 1 -3,157 -38.83% 8,131
Paulding 29,704 34.79% 54,525 63.86% 1,156 1.35% 22 11 -24,821 -29.07% 85,385
Peach 5,920 47.19% 6,502 51.83% 123 0.98% 0 0 -582 -4.64% 12,545
Pickens 2,808 16.41% 14,075 82.23% 233 1.36% 1 1 -11,267 -65.83% 17,116
Pierce 1,100 12.16% 7,899 87.30% 49 0.54% 1 0 -6,799 -75.14% 9,048
Pike 1,505 14.04% 9,127 85.14% 88 0.82% 1 0 -7,622 -71.10% 10,720
Polk[70] 3,658 21.02% 13,589 78.10% 152 0.87% 0 1 -9,931 -57.08% 17,399
Pulaski 1,217 29.98% 2,805 69.11% 37 0.91% 0 0 -1,588 -39.12% 4,059
Putnam[71] 3,448 29.08% 8,291 69.94% 116 0.98% 1 0 -4,843 -40.85% 11,855
Quitman 497 44.94% 604 54.61% 5 0.45% 0 0 -107 -9.67% 1,106
Rabun 1,984 20.74% 7,474 78.11% 110 1.15% 2 3 -5,490 -57.38% 9,568
Randolph 1,671 54.36% 1,391 45.25% 12 0.39% 0 0 280 9.11% 3,074
Richmond[72] 59,124 67.95% 26,781 30.78% 1,111 1.28% 23 29 32,343 37.17% 87,016
Rockdale[73] 31,244 69.92% 13,012 29.12% 430 0.96% 8 2 18,232 40.80% 44,686
Schley 462 20.31% 1,800 79.12% 13 0.57% 0 0 -1,338 -58.81% 2,275
Screven 2,661 40.15% 3,916 59.08% 51 0.77% 1 0 -1,255 -18.93% 6,628
Seminole 1,254 32.29% 2,611 67.22% 19 0.49% 0 0 -1,357 -34.94% 3,884
Spalding 11,784 39.13% 18,057 59.96% 275 0.91% 4 0 -6,273 -20.83% 30,116
Stephens 2,385 20.07% 9,368 78.82% 132 1.11% 0 0 -6,983 -58.75% 11,885
Stewart 1,182 59.40% 801 40.25% 7 0.35% 0 0 381 19.15% 1,990
Sumter 6,318 52.00% 5,732 47.18% 100 0.82% 1 0 586 4.82% 12,150
Talbot 2,114 60.02% 1,392 39.52% 16 0.45% 1 1 722 20.50% 3,522
Taliaferro 561 60.45% 360 38.79% 7 0.75% 0 0 201 21.66% 928
Tattnall 2,061 25.19% 6,053 73.97% 69 0.84% 1 0 -3,992 -48.78% 8,183
Taylor 1,387 36.13% 2,418 62.99% 34 0.89% 0 0 -1,031 -26.86% 3,839
Telfair 1,487 34.32% 2,825 65.20% 21 0.48% 0 0 -1,338 -30.88% 4,333
Terrell 2,376 53.80% 2,004 45.38% 36 0.82% 0 0 372 8.42% 4,416
Thomas 8,708 39.85% 12,954 59.28% 191 0.87% 4 0 -4,246 -19.43% 21,853
Tift 5,322 32.68% 10,784 66.23% 177 1.09% 0 1 -5,462 -33.54% 16,283
Toombs 2,939 26.93% 7,872 72.13% 103 0.94% 0 0 -4,933 -45.20% 10,914
Towns 1,550 19.43% 6,384 80.01% 45 0.56% 0 0 -4,834 -60.58% 7,979
Treutlen 952 30.94% 2,101 68.28% 24 0.78% 0 0 -1,149 -37.34% 3,077
Troup 11,578 38.53% 18,143 60.38% 328 1.09% 0 8 -6,565 -21.85% 30,049
Turner 1,410 37.18% 2,349 61.95% 33 0.87% 0 0 -939 -24.76% 3,792
Twiggs 2,044 45.99% 2,370 53.33% 30 0.68% 0 0 -326 -7.34% 4,444
Union 2,801 18.00% 12,651 81.30% 108 0.69% 4 0 -9,850 -63.30% 15,560
Upson 4,201 32.55% 8,608 66.70% 96 0.74% 1 1 -4,407 -34.15% 12,905
Walker 5,769 19.65% 23,174 78.95% 411 1.40% 8 8 -17,405 -59.29% 29,354
Walton 12,682 24.82% 37,842 74.06% 571 1.12% 4 0 -25,160 -49.24% 51,095
Ware 4,211 29.67% 9,865 69.51% 116 0.82% 0 0 -5,654 -39.84% 14,192
Warren 1,469 55.41% 1,166 43.98% 16 0.60% 0 0 303 11.43% 2,651
Washington 4,730 50.01% 4,663 49.30% 66 0.70% 3 0 67 0.71% 9,459
Wayne 2,687 21.03% 9,987 78.16% 104 0.81% 1 0 -7,300 -57.13% 12,778
Webster 639 45.97% 748 53.81% 3 0.22% 0 0 -109 -7.84% 1,390
Wheeler 689 30.15% 1,583 69.28% 13 0.57% 0 0 -894 -39.12% 2,285
White 2,411 16.27% 12,222 82.49% 183 1.24% 4 8 -9,811 -66.22% 14,816
Whitfield[74] 10,670 29.04% 25,636 69.77% 440 1.20% 0 0 -14,966 -40.73% 36,746
Wilcox 862 26.27% 2,403 73.24% 16 0.49% 0 0 -1,541 -46.97% 3,281
Wilkes 2,160 42.95% 2,823 56.13% 46 0.91% 0 0 -663 -13.18% 5,029
Wilkinson 2,075 43.50% 2,664 55.85% 31 0.65% 0 0 -589 -12.35% 4,770
Worth 2,395 25.79% 6,830 73.56% 60 0.65% 0 0 -4,435 -47.77% 9,285
Totals 2,473,633 49.51% 2,461,854 49.25% 62,138 1.24% 1,087 756 12,670 0.26% 4,998,482

Counties that flipped from Democratic to Republican

By congressional district

Trump won 8 of 14 congressional districts.[75]

District Trump Biden Representative
1st 55% 43% Buddy Carter
2nd 43% 56% Sanford Bishop
3rd 62% 37% Drew Ferguson
4th 20% 79% Hank Johnson
5th 13% 86% Vacant
Nikema Williams
6th 44% 55% Lucy McBath
7th 46% 52% Rob Woodall
Carolyn Bourdeaux
8th 62% 37% Austin Scott
9th 76% 22% Doug Collins
Andrew Clyde
10th 60% 39% Jody Hice
11th 57% 42% Barry Loudermilk
12th 56% 43% Rick W. Allen
13th 23% 76% David Scott
14th 73% 25% Tom Graves
Marjorie Taylor Greene

Voter demographics

Edison Research exit poll
Demographic subgroup Biden Trump No
Answer
% of
Voters
Ideology
Liberal 87 12 1 22
Moderate 65 33 2 38
Conservative 14 86 N/A 40
Party
Democrat 96 4 N/A 34
Republican 6 94 N/A 38
Independent 53 44 3 28
Gender
Men 43 55 2 44
Women 54 45 1 56
Race
White 30 69 1 61
Black 88 11 1 29
Latino 62 37 1 7
Asian N/A N/A N/A 1
Other 58 38 N/A 2
Gender by race/ethnicity
White men 27 72 1 29
White women 32 67 N/A 33
Black men 83 16 1 11
Black women 92 7 1 17
Latino men (of any race) 51 48 1 3
Latino women (of any race) 69 30 1 4
All other races 59 38 3 3
White evangelical or born-again Christian
White evangelical or born-again Christian 14 85 1 33
Everyone else 70 29 1 67
Age
18–24 years old 56 43 1 12
25–29 years old 56 43 1 8
30–39 years old 53 45 2 17
40–49 years old 50 49 1 18
50–64 years old 47 53 N/A 27
65 and older 44 56 N/A 19
Sexual orientation
LGBT 64 34 2 7
Heterosexual 47 52 1 93
First time voter
First time voter 52 45 3 13
Everyone else 48 52 N/A 87
Education
High school or less 35 64 1 16
Some college education 49 49 2 26
Associate degree 46 53 1 17
Bachelor's degree 54 45 1 26
Advanced degree 63 36 1 14
Education by race/ethnicity
White college graduates 44 55 1 26
White no college degree 20 79 1 35
Non-white college graduates 83 16 1 14
Non-white no college degree 80 19 1 25
Income
Under $30,000 59 38 3 13
$30,000–49,999 53 45 3 19
$50,000–99,999 46 53 1 36
$100,000–199,999 50 50 0 23
Over $200,000 63 35 2 8
Family's financial situation today
Better than four years ago 21 78 1 44
Worse than four years ago 84 15 1 16
About the same 73 26 1 38
U.S. Military Service
Yes 38 61 1 15
No 50 49 1 85
Region
North 28 70 2 19
Atlanta Suburbs 53 46 1 28
Atlanta Metro 80 19 1 20
Central 44 55 1 18
Coast/South 38 61 1 15
Area type
Urban 67 32 1 23
Suburban 48 51 1 62
Rural 30 69 1 14
Source: CNN[76]

Statewide audit and recount

On November 11, the Secretary of State of Georgia announced there would be a full statewide audit of each of the nearly 5 million ballots by hand, to be completed by November 20, 2020.[77] On November 15, Georgia Secretary of State Brad Raffensperger, a Republican, denounced Trump's criticism of the state's recount process.[78] During this audit, it was discovered that Fayette County had missed tabulating 2,755 votes, Floyd County had about 2,600 ballots that were never scanned, Douglas County failed to include a memory card from an Election Day precinct that included 156 votes, and Walton County discovered a memory card with 284 votes. The final statewide result from the completed audit is Biden with 2,475,141 votes and Trump with 2,462,857 votes, a spread of 12,284 votes. The result before the audit had been Biden with 2,473,383 votes and Trump with 2,459,825.[79] Therefore, the results of the audit netted Trump 1,274 votes.

While the audit was ongoing, the Republican Senator of South Carolina, Lindsey Graham, privately called Raffensperger to discuss Georgia's vote counting.[80][81][82] Raffensperger told The Washington Post that Graham had asked Raffensperger whether Raffensperger could disqualify all mail-in ballots in counties with more signature errors.[81] Gabriel Sterling, a Republican election official and staffer to Raffensperger, was present in the call; Sterling confirmed that Graham had asked that question.[82] Raffensperger viewed Graham's question as a suggestion to throw out legally-cast ballots, while Graham denied suggesting this.[81] Graham acknowledged calling Raffensperger to find out how to "protect the integrity of mail-in voting" and "how does signature verification work"; but if Raffensperger "feels threatened by that conversation, he's got a problem".[81] Graham stated that he was investigating in his own capacity as a senator, although he is the head of the Senate Judiciary Committee.[83]

The results of the election were officially certified on November 20, 2020.[84]

The Trump campaign had until November 24, 2020, to request a recount of the results. Unlike the statewide audit of each individual ballot by hand, the recount would involve a re-scanning of the voting machines.[84] They filed a petition formally seeking the recount on November 21.[85]

On December 2, Raffensperger suggested that Biden is likely to win the recount.[86] Biden was later confirmed as the winner of the recount on December 7.[87][88]

Disputes

On November 19, Judge Steven D. Grimberg, a federal judge who was appointed by Trump in 2019, denied the Trump campaign's request to have further delay in the certification of the election results in Georgia.[89]

On November 30, Gabriel Sterling, a top election official for the Georgia Secretary of State, gave a press conference in which he denounced death threats made against an election technician. Sterling appealed to President Trump: "Stop inspiring people to commit potential acts of violence. Someone's going to get hurt, someone's going to get shot, someone's going to get killed, and it's not right."[90]

In December 14, 2020, Georgia's electoral votes were cast for Biden, formalizing his victory in the state, which Biden won by 11,779 votes. On the same day, a group of pro-Trump Republicans claimed to cast Georgia's electoral votes for Trump; the fake votes have no legal standing.[91][92]

On January 2, 2021, Trump and Raffensperger spoke for one hour by telephone, during which Trump threatened Raffensperger by saying he was taking "a big risk" by declaring Biden as the victor. Referring to Biden’s 11,779-vote victory margin, Trump instructed Raffensperger that "there’s nothing wrong with saying, you know, um, that you’ve recalculated...I just want to find 11,780 votes."[93]

Electors

On November 20, Georgia Secretary of State Brad Raffensperger certified Georgia's electors for Biden.[94] The Democratic Party of Georgia announced the following electors to formally cast their vote for Biden:[95]

Analysis

Like its fellow Deep South neighbors, Georgia is a former Solid South state that had gradually become part of the red wall since the Reagan Revolution starting in 1984. While Southerner Bill Clinton carried the state in 1992 and nearly did again in 1996, Georgia became a safe red state starting in 2000.

Demographic changes and population shifts made Georgia trend blue, starting in 2016; Donald Trump carried Georgia by just over 5 points against Hillary Clinton. Further signalling Georgia's blue shift were the state 2018 midterms, where Democrat Stacey Abrams nearly won the governor's race against Republican Brian Kemp.

Georgia's trend towards the Democrats can be partly explained by the growth of the Atlanta metropolitan area. Atlanta has attracted many transplants from heavily blue-leaning areas of the United States. Additionally, the state's population is diversifying faster than that of most states, with the population of African Americans, Latinos, and Asians all growing over the last 10 years, and these blocs generally lean Democratic.[96]

In what was likely the biggest key to Biden's victory in Georgia, the Democratic Party invested heavily in the state, with Stacey Abrams heading an effort to boost minority turnout, especially black voters. The Democratic super PAC Priorities USA focused on Georgia near the end of the 2020 campaign, even sending former president Barack Obama to campaign in the state.[97] Black voters made up 29% of the electorate, and Latinos made up about 7%, a significant increase compared to previous years.

Biden performed well across the board; he won independent voters by 9 points, and was able to pick up 6% of Republican voters in the state. Biden also won young voters in Georgia, sweeping each age group under 50 years old. Trump's strength in the state came from whites, as he easily won white voters without a college degree, especially in Georgia's rural areas; his vote share with college-educated whites dropped, however, and Trump only won suburban areas by 3 points this cycle.

Outside of Atlanta, Biden's strongest performances came in Georgia's other urban and suburban areas, such as Chatham County, Muscogee County, and Richmond County. Trump, on the other hand, performed strongest in the northern and southeastern parts of the state, which are rural and were historically a hotbed for conservative Dixiecrat politics.

Following the nationwide trend, Georgia's voting patterns were split between urban, suburban and rural areas. Biden won urban areas by 35 points, while Trump carried the suburbs by 3 points, and these areas combined made up 85% of the electorate, showing the rapidly evolving demographics of Georgia. Trump carried rural areas by 39 points.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The other sixteen states were Alabama, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mississippi, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, Rhode Island, Tennessee, Texas, and Virginia.
  2. ^ Calculated by taking the difference of 100% and all other candidates combined.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Key:
    A – all adults
    RV – registered voters
    LV – likely voters
    V – unclear
  4. ^ a b c "Someone else" with 1%
  5. ^ Overlapping sample with the previous SurveyMonkey/Axios poll, but more information available regarding sample size
  6. ^ Hawkins (G) and "Other candidate or write-in" with 0%
  7. ^ a b c d With voters who lean towards a given candidate
  8. ^ a b c d "Someone else" with 2%
  9. ^ "Someone else" with 4%
  10. ^ "Other candidate" with 1%; "No one" with 0%
  11. ^ a b c With a likely voter turnout model featuring higher turnout than in the 2016 presidential election
  12. ^ a b c With a likely voter turnout model featuring lower turnout than in the 2016 presidential election
  13. ^ "Other third party" with 2%
  14. ^ "Other" with 2%; Hawkins (G) with 0%
  15. ^ "Someone else" with 5%
  16. ^ Hawkins (G) and "Someone else" with 1%; would not vote with 0%
  17. ^ a b c d Includes "Refused"
  18. ^ "Someone else" with 3%; would not vote with 0%
  19. ^ "Some other candidate" with 2%
  20. ^ Hawkins (G) with 1%
  21. ^ a b "Someone else" with 3%
  22. ^ a b Hawkins (G) with 1%; "Another Third Party/Write-in" with 0%
  23. ^ "No one" with 0%; "Other candidate" with no voters
  24. ^ "Someone else" and would not vote with 0%
  25. ^ Standard VI response
  26. ^ Hawkins (G) with 0%
  27. ^ If only Biden and Trump were candidates
  28. ^ Overlapping sample with the previous Morning Consult poll, but more information available regarding sample size
  29. ^ Would not vote with 1%
  30. ^ Hawkins (G) and would not vote with 0%
  31. ^ "Refused" with 2%
  32. ^ "Some other candidate" with 4%
  33. ^ "Someone else/third party" with 3%; would not vote with 0%
  34. ^ "Third party candidate" with 4%; would not vote with 2%
  35. ^ "Another Party candidate"
  36. ^ "Other" with 3%; "would not vote" with 1%
  37. ^ "Different candidate" with 8%; would not vote with 2%
  38. ^ Listed as "other/undecided"
  39. ^ "Undecided" with 5%; "Did not answer" with 2%
  40. ^ Wouldn't vote with 1%; don't know/refused with 3%
  41. ^ Wouldn't vote with 2%; don't know/refused with 5%
  42. ^ Wouldn't vote with 3%; don't know/refused with 4%
  43. ^ a b Wouldn't vote with 2%; don't know/refused with 3%
  44. ^ "Vote against Trump" with 46.9%
  45. ^ Would not vote with 1.8%
  46. ^ Listed as "don't know/refused"
Partisan clients
  1. ^ The Center for American Greatness is a pro-Trump organization
  2. ^ a b The American Action Forum is a 501 organisation which usually supports Republican candidates
  3. ^ a b Poll sponsored by Ossoff's campaign
  4. ^ The Human Rights Campaign endorsed Biden prior to this poll's sampling period
  5. ^ Poll sponsored by Democrat Raphael Warnock's campaign for U.S. Senate
  6. ^ Matt Lieberman is a Democratic candidate in Georgia's 2020 special Senate election
  7. ^ Fair Fight Action is the non-profit arm of Fair Fight, founded by Stacey Abrams who endorsed Biden prior to this poll's sampling period
  8. ^ This poll’s sponsor, DFER, primarily supports Democratic candidates
  9. ^ AFSCME endorsed Biden prior to this poll's sampling period
  10. ^ This poll's sponsor is the American Principles Project, a 501(c)(4) organization that supports the Republican Party.
  11. ^ This poll is sponsored by End Citizens United, a PAC which has endorsed Democratic candidates who are against the landmark Citizens United court ruling
  12. ^ This poll was sponsored by a Republican-supporting organisation
  13. ^ Poll conducted for the Speaker of Georgia's House Republican caucus
  14. ^ Poll sponsored by Doug Collins' campaign

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Further reading

External links

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