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1920 United States presidential election in Georgia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1920 United States presidential election in Georgia

← 1916 November 2, 1920 (1920-11-02) 1924 →
 
James M. Cox 1920.jpg
Warren G Harding-Harris & Ewing.jpg
Nominee James M. Cox Warren Harding
Party Democratic Republican
Home state Ohio Ohio
Running mate Franklin Roosevelt Calvin Coolidge
Electoral vote 14 0
Popular vote 107,162 41,089
Percentage 72.06% 27.63%

Georgia Presidential Election Results 1920.svg
County Results

President before election

Woodrow Wilson
Democratic

Elected President

Warren Harding
Republican

The 1920 United States presidential election in Georgia took place on November 2, 1920, as part of the wider United States Presidential election. Voters chose 14 representatives, or electors, to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.

Background and vote

With the exception of a handful of historically Unionist North Georgia counties – chiefly Fannin but also to a lesser extent Pickens, Gilmer and Towns – Georgia since the 1880s had been a one-party state dominated by the Democratic Party. Disfranchisement of almost all African-Americans and most poor whites had made the Republican Party virtually nonexistent outside of local governments in those few hill counties,[1] and the national Democratic Party served as the guardian of white supremacy against a Republican Party historically associated with memories of Reconstruction. The only competitive elections were Democratic primaries, which state laws restricted to whites on the grounds of the Democratic Party being legally a private club.[2]

Nonetheless, the largely white but secessionist “upcountry” regions of the state – lying immediately south of the few substantially unionist counties – had seen strong opposition to the policies of Democratic President Woodrow Wilson since World War I broke out.[3] Wilson had attempted to purge anti-war Southern Democrats in the 1918 midterm elections, and with the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment and his League of Nations proposal further hostility to him emerged in the Peach State.[4]

All these factors meant Cox lost significantly in the upcountry areas of the state[5] where Harding carried many areas that had supported Populist Thomas E. Watson or Progressives in recent elections.[3] Elsewhere, however, partisan loyalties remained extremely strong, so that Harding’s gain was less than most other Southern states and Georgia surpassed Louisiana – where a major anti-Wilson revolt was occurring at the polls in Acadiana[6] – as the third-most Democratic state behind Mississippi and South Carolina.

Results

1920 United States presidential election in Georgia[7]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage Electoral votes
Democratic James M. Cox 107,162 72.06% 14
Republican Warren Harding 41,089 27.63% 0
Socialist Eugene Debs 465[a] 0.31% 0

Results by county

County James Middleton Cox
Democratic
Warren Gamaliel Harding
Republican
Margin Total votes cast[8]
# % # % # %
Appling 313 61.49% 196 38.51% 117 22.99% 509
Atkinson 453 79.20% 119 20.80% 334 58.39% 572
Bacon 307 58.37% 219 41.63% 88 16.73% 526
Baker 141 63.80% 80 36.20% 61 27.60% 221
Baldwin 554 85.76% 92 14.24% 462 71.52% 646
Banks 479 58.34% 342 41.66% 137 16.69% 821
Barrow 731 63.95% 412 36.05% 319 27.91% 1,143
Bartow 922 55.01% 754 44.99% 168 10.02% 1,676
Ben Hill 543 70.06% 232 29.94% 311 40.13% 775
Berrien 623 91.48% 58 8.52% 565 82.97% 681
Bibb 2,030 81.59% 458 18.41% 1,572 63.18% 2,488
Bleckley 262 100.00% 0 0.00% 262 100.00% 262
Brooks 597 88.71% 76 11.29% 521 77.41% 673
Bryan 175 89.29% 21 10.71% 154 78.57% 196
Bulloch 1,098 81.58% 248 18.42% 850 63.15% 1,346
Burke 387 90.85% 39 9.15% 348 81.69% 426
Butts 502 78.07% 141 21.93% 361 56.14% 643
Calhoun 449 98.90% 5 1.10% 444 97.80% 454
Camden 152 91.57% 14 8.43% 138 83.13% 166
Campbell 263 71.08% 107 28.92% 156 42.16% 370
Candler 673 90.82% 68 9.18% 605 81.65% 741
Carroll 1,632 57.08% 1,227 42.92% 405 14.17% 2,859
Catoosa 55 62.50% 33 37.50% 22 25.00% 88
Charlton 157 84.86% 28 15.14% 129 69.73% 185
Chatham 4,243 81.00% 995 19.00% 3,248 62.01% 5,238
Chattahoochee 87 94.57% 5 5.43% 82 89.13% 92
Chattooga 887 63.31% 514 36.69% 373 26.62% 1,401
Cherokee 544 32.34% 1,138 67.66% -594 -35.32% 1,682
Clarke 1,419 86.74% 217 13.26% 1,202 73.47% 1,636
Clay 230 78.50% 63 21.50% 167 57.00% 293
Clayton 475 93.32% 34 6.68% 441 86.64% 509
Clinch 294 79.25% 77 20.75% 217 58.49% 371
Cobb 1,208 52.45% 1,095 47.55% 113 4.91% 2,303
Coffee 426 64.94% 230 35.06% 196 29.88% 656
Colquitt 768 59.49% 523 40.51% 245 18.98% 1,291
Columbia 476 100.00% 0 0.00% 476 100.00% 476
Cook 260 46.18% 303 53.82% -43 -7.64% 563
Coweta 1,094 86.62% 169 13.38% 925 73.24% 1,263
Crawford 235 78.33% 65 21.67% 170 56.67% 300
Crisp 565 87.19% 83 12.81% 482 74.38% 648
Dade 494 81.25% 114 18.75% 380 62.50% 608
Dawson 254 41.78% 354 58.22% -100 -16.45% 608
Decatur 982 76.60% 300 23.40% 682 53.20% 1,282
DeKalb 1,847 69.70% 803 30.30% 1,044 39.40% 2,650
Dodge 627 77.99% 177 22.01% 450 55.97% 804
Dooly 544 93.31% 39 6.69% 505 86.62% 583
Dougherty 621 85.54% 105 14.46% 516 71.07% 726
Douglas 427 47.34% 475 52.66% -48 -5.32% 902
Early 381 91.81% 34 8.19% 347 83.61% 415
Effingham 726 86.02% 118 13.98% 608 72.04% 844
Elbert 1,247 86.96% 187 13.04% 1,060 73.92% 1,434
Emanuel 1,444 88.37% 190 11.63% 1,254 76.74% 1,634
Evans 432 96.43% 16 3.57% 416 92.86% 448
Fannin 549 33.64% 1,083 66.36% -534 -32.72% 1,632
Fayette 231 74.28% 80 25.72% 151 48.55% 311
Floyd 1,923 74.25% 667 25.75% 1,256 48.49% 2,590
Forsyth 813 52.32% 741 47.68% 72 4.63% 1,554
Franklin 889 66.54% 447 33.46% 442 33.08% 1,336
Fulton 6,635 66.54% 3,336 33.46% 3,299 33.09% 9,971
Gilmer 546 45.20% 662 54.80% -116 -9.60% 1,208
Glascock 232 73.65% 83 26.35% 149 47.30% 315
Glynn 422 76.17% 132 23.83% 290 52.35% 554
Gordon 713 43.42% 929 56.58% -216 -13.15% 1,642
Grady 887 79.27% 232 20.73% 655 58.53% 1,119
Greene 681 79.28% 178 20.72% 503 58.56% 859
Gwinnett 1,645 59.07% 1,140 40.93% 505 18.13% 2,785
Habersham 503 44.55% 626 55.45% -123 -10.89% 1,129
Hall 1,475 63.39% 852 36.61% 623 26.77% 2,327
Hancock 498 90.38% 53 9.62% 445 80.76% 551
Haralson 438 28.33% 1,108 71.67% -670 -43.34% 1,546
Harris 398 97.79% 9 2.21% 389 95.58% 407
Hart 694 68.24% 323 31.76% 371 36.48% 1,017
Heard 461 97.05% 14 2.95% 447 94.11% 475
Henry 608 100.00% 0 0.00% 608 100.00% 608
Houston 723 94.88% 39 5.12% 684 89.76% 762
Irwin 525 82.16% 114 17.84% 411 64.32% 639
Jackson 1,069 76.19% 334 23.81% 735 52.39% 1,403
Jasper 429 91.08% 42 8.92% 387 82.17% 471
Jeff Davis 260 46.18% 303 53.82% -43 -7.64% 563
Jefferson 837 91.08% 82 8.92% 755 82.15% 919
Jenkins 331 87.11% 49 12.89% 282 74.21% 380
Johnson 306 80.53% 74 19.47% 232 61.05% 380
Jones 87 73.73% 31 26.27% 56 47.46% 118
Laurens 1,167 76.93% 350 23.07% 817 53.86% 1,517
Lee 251 92.96% 19 7.04% 232 85.93% 270
Liberty 303 63.39% 175 36.61% 128 26.78% 478
Lincoln 509 99.41% 3 0.59% 506 98.83% 512
Lowndes 1,308 85.60% 220 14.40% 1,088 71.20% 1,528
Lumpkin 155 43.06% 205 56.94% -50 -13.89% 360
Macon 483 87.66% 68 12.34% 415 75.32% 551
Madison 693 71.15% 281 28.85% 412 42.30% 974
Marion 236 56.73% 180 43.27% 56 13.46% 416
McDuffie 382 77.80% 109 22.20% 273 55.60% 491
McIntosh 119 75.32% 39 24.68% 80 50.63% 158
Meriwether 1,059 85.06% 186 14.94% 873 70.12% 1,245
Miller 155 83.78% 30 16.22% 125 67.57% 185
Milton 278 54.62% 231 45.38% 47 9.23% 509
Mitchell 930 86.59% 144 13.41% 786 73.18% 1,074
Monroe 837 90.98% 83 9.02% 754 81.96% 920
Montgomery 169 53.31% 148 46.69% 21 6.62% 317
Morgan 450 71.88% 176 28.12% 274 43.77% 626
Murray 728 46.11% 851 53.89% -123 -7.79% 1,579
Muscogee 1,372 93.14% 101 6.86% 1,271 86.29% 1,473
Newton 753 68.33% 349 31.67% 404 36.66% 1,102
Oconee 341 75.95% 108 24.05% 233 51.89% 449
Oglethorpe 844 95.26% 42 4.74% 802 90.52% 886
Paulding 340 26.28% 954 73.72% -614 -47.45% 1,294
Pickens 437 34.49% 830 65.51% -393 -31.02% 1,267
Pierce 407 76.94% 122 23.06% 285 53.88% 529
Pike 1,277 82.02% 280 17.98% 997 64.03% 1,557
Polk 658 39.59% 1,004 60.41% -346 -20.82% 1,662
Pulaski 338 85.57% 57 14.43% 281 71.14% 395
Putnam 420 98.82% 5 1.18% 415 97.65% 425
Quitman 135 97.12% 4 2.88% 131 94.24% 139
Rabun 312 67.97% 147 32.03% 165 35.95% 459
Randolph 534 91.28% 51 8.72% 483 82.56% 585
Richmond 2,656 83.86% 511 16.14% 2,145 67.73% 3,167
Rockdale 488 70.83% 201 29.17% 287 41.65% 689
Schley 235 81.60% 53 18.40% 182 63.19% 288
Screven 639 71.08% 260 28.92% 379 42.16% 899
Spalding 830 82.10% 181 17.90% 649 64.19% 1,011
Stephens 415 62.22% 252 37.78% 163 24.44% 667
Stewart 344 91.73% 31 8.27% 313 83.47% 375
Sumter 1,076 78.43% 296 21.57% 780 56.85% 1,372
Talbot 379 89.81% 43 10.19% 336 79.62% 422
Taliaferro 330 96.49% 12 3.51% 318 92.98% 342
Tattnall 447 59.76% 301 40.24% 146 19.52% 748
Taylor 491 69.94% 211 30.06% 280 39.89% 702
Telfair 1,069 96.65% 37 3.35% 1,032 93.31% 1,106
Terrell 500 91.24% 48 8.76% 452 82.48% 548
Thomas 1,130 87.06% 168 12.94% 962 74.11% 1,298
Tift 576 78.90% 154 21.10% 422 57.81% 730
Toombs 397 61.74% 246 38.26% 151 23.48% 643
Towns 256 39.14% 398 60.86% -142 -21.71% 654
Treutlen 263 71.08% 107 28.92% 156 42.16% 370
Troup 1,451 80.93% 342 19.07% 1,109 61.85% 1,793
Turner 393 68.35% 182 31.65% 211 36.70% 575
Twiggs 273 86.12% 44 13.88% 229 72.24% 317
Union 469 45.49% 562 54.51% -93 -9.02% 1,031
Upson 957 84.92% 170 15.08% 787 69.83% 1,127
Walker 1,347 55.75% 1,069 44.25% 278 11.51% 2,416
Walton 1,189 90.63% 123 9.38% 1,066 81.25% 1,312
Ware 901 80.73% 215 19.27% 686 61.47% 1,116
Warren 402 82.89% 83 17.11% 319 65.77% 485
Washington 1,134 90.58% 118 9.42% 1,016 81.15% 1,252
Wayne 407 94.21% 25 5.79% 382 88.43% 432
Webster 185 88.52% 24 11.48% 161 77.03% 209
Wheeler 350 77.61% 101 22.39% 249 55.21% 451
White 209 44.19% 264 55.81% -55 -11.63% 473
Whitfield 762 41.53% 1,073 58.47% -311 -16.95% 1,835
Wilcox 481 81.94% 106 18.06% 375 63.88% 587
Wilkes 876 98.65% 12 1.35% 864 97.30% 888
Wilkinson 256 87.37% 37 12.63% 219 74.74% 293
Worth 626 74.52% 214 25.48% 412 49.05% 840
Echols[b] N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Totals 107,162 72.06% 41,089 27.63% 66,073 44.43% 148,716

Notes

  1. ^ These Socialist votes were not separated by county and only given as a statewide total. They are included in the totals at the bottom of the county table.
  2. ^ No returns were canvassed for Echols County. Whatever voters existed in Echols County were listed in totals for neighbouring counties.

References

  1. ^ Phillips, Kevin P.; The Emerging Republican Majority, pp. 208, 210 ISBN 9780691163246
  2. ^ Springer, Melanie Jean; How the States Shaped the Nation: American Electoral Institutions and Voter Turnout, 1920-2000, p. 155 ISBN 022611435X
  3. ^ a b Smith, Zachary; ‘Tom Watson and Resistance to Federal War Policies in Georgia during World War I’; The Journal of Southern History; Vol. 78, No. 2 (May 2012), pp. 293-326
  4. ^ McRae, Elizabeth Gillespie; ‘Caretakers of Southern Civilization: Georgia Women and the Anti-Suffrage Campaign, 1914-1920’; The Georgia Historical Quarterly, Vol. 82, No. 4, (Winter 1998), pp. 801-828
  5. ^ Phillips; The Emerging Republican Majority, p. 261
  6. ^ Phillips; The Emerging Republican Majority, p. 268
  7. ^ Dave Leip’s U.S. Election Atlas; 1920 Presidential General Election Results – Georgia
  8. ^ Scammon, Richard M. (compiler); America at the Polls: A Handbook of Presidential Election Statistics 1920-1964; pp. 96-98 ISBN 0405077114
This page was last edited on 2 October 2020, at 12:46
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