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St. Louis Cardinals

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

St. Louis Cardinals
2021 St. Louis Cardinals season
Established in 1882
St. Louis Cardinals logo.svg
St. Louis Cardinals insignia logo.svg
Team logoCap insignia
Major league affiliations
Current uniform
Retired numbers
  • Cardinal red, midnight navy blue, yellow, white[1][2]
  • St. Louis Cardinals (1900–present)
  • St. Louis Perfectos (1899)
  • St. Louis Browns (1892–1898)
  • St. Louis Browns (1883–1891) (AA)
  • St. Louis Brown Stockings (1882) (AA)
Other nicknames
  • The Cards
  • The Redbirds
  • The Birds
  • Baseball Cardinals (1960–87)
Major league titles
World Series titles (11)
NL Pennants (19)
AA Pennants (4)
Central Division titles (11)
East Division titles (3)[b]
Wild card berths (4)
Front office
Principal owner(s)Bill DeWitt Jr.
PresidentBill DeWitt III
President of baseball operationsJohn Mozeliak
General managerMike Girsch
ManagerMike Shildt

The St. Louis Cardinals are an American professional baseball team based in St. Louis. The Cardinals compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member club of the National League (NL) Central division. Since the 2006 season, the Cardinals have played their home games at Busch Stadium in downtown Saint Louis. One of the nation's oldest and most successful professional baseball clubs, the Cardinals have won 11 World Series championships, more than any NL team and second in MLB only to the New York Yankees. The team has won 19 National League pennants, third-most of any team. St. Louis has also won 14 division titles in the East and Central divisions.

In 1881, entrepreneur Chris von der Ahe purchased the Brown Stockings barnstorming club, renamed it the St. Louis Browns, and made it a charter member of the American Association baseball league. The team won four league championships, qualifying them to play in the era's professional baseball championship tournament, a forerunner of the modern World Series.[4] In two of these championships, the Browns met the Chicago White Stockings, launching the enduring Cardinals–Cubs rivalry.

In 1892, the Browns – also called the Perfectos – joined the National League. In 1900, the team was renamed the Cardinals. (Two years later, an unrelated St. Louis Browns team joined the American League.)

Notable Cardinals achievements include manager/owner Branch Rickey's invention of the farm system, Rogers Hornsby's two batting Triple Crowns, Dizzy Dean's 30-win season in 1934, Stan Musial's 17 MLB and 29 NL records, Bob Gibson's 1.12 earned run average (ERA) in 1968, Whitey Herzog's Whiteyball, Mark McGwire's single-season home run record in 1998, and the 2011 championship team's unprecedented comebacks.[5] The Cardinals have won 105 or more games in four seasons and won 100 or more nine times. Cardinals players have won 20 league MVPs, four batting Triple Crowns, and three Cy Young Awards. Baseball Hall of Fame inductees include Lou Brock, Dizzy Dean, Bob Gibson, Whitey Herzog, Rogers Hornsby, Joe Medwick, Stan Musial, Branch Rickey, Red Schoendienst, Ozzie Smith, and Bruce Sutter.

In 2018, Forbes valued the Cardinals at $1.9 billion, 7th-highest among MLB clubs and far more than the $147 million paid in 1995 by owner William DeWitt, Jr.'s investment group. In 2017, the team took in revenue of $319 million on an operating income of $40.0 million.[6][7][8] John Mozeliak is the President of Baseball Operations, Mike Girsch is the general manager and Mike Shildt is the manager.[9][10] The Cardinals are renowned for their strong fan support: despite being in one of the sport's mid-level markets, they routinely see attendances among the league's highest, and are consistently among the top three in MLB in local television ratings.[11][12]

Through 2020, the Cardinals' all-time win-loss record is 10,948–10,091 (.520).[13]


Before the Cardinals (1875–1881)

Professional baseball began in St. Louis with the inception of the Brown Stockings in the National Association (NA) in 1875. The NA folded following that season, and the next season, St. Louis joined the National League as a charter member, finishing in third place at 45–19. George Bradley hurled the first no-hitter in Major League history. The NL expelled St. Louis from the league after 1877 due to a game-fixing scandal and the team went bankrupt.[14] Without a league, they continued play as a semi-professional barnstorming team through 1881.

The magnitudes of the reorganizations, following the 1877 and 1881 seasons, are such that the 1875–1877 and 1878–1881 Brown Stockings teams are not generally considered to share continuity as a franchise with the current St. Louis Cardinals.[15][16]

American Association and early National League eras (1882–1919)

Charles Comiskey, shown here circa 1910, guided the Browns to four American Association titles.
Charles Comiskey, shown here circa 1910, guided the Browns to four American Association titles.

For the 1882 season, Chris von der Ahe purchased the team, reorganized it, and made it a founding member of the American Association (AA), a league to rival the NL.[17] 1882 is generally considered to be the first year of existence for the franchise which would later become known as the St. Louis Cardinals.[15][16][18][c]

The next season, St. Louis shortened their name to the Browns. Soon thereafter they became the dominant team in the AA, as manager Charlie Comiskey guided St. Louis to four pennants in a row from 1885 to 1888.[4][21] Pitcher and outfielder Bob Caruthers led the league in ERA (2.07) and wins (40) in 1885 and finished in the top six in both in each of the following two seasons. He also led the AA in OBP (.448) and OPS (.974) in 1886 and finished fourth in batting average in 1886 (.334) and fifth in 1887 (.357).[22] Outfielder Tip O'Neill won the first batting triple crown in franchise history in 1887 and the only one in AA history.[23][24][25] By winning the pennant, the Browns played the NL pennant winner in a predecessor of the World Series. The Browns twice met the Chicago White Stockings – the Chicago Cubs prototype – tying one in a heated dispute and winning the other, thus spurring the vigorous St. Louis-Chicago rivalry that ensues to this day.[26] During the franchise's ten seasons in the AA, they compiled an all-time league-high of 780 wins and .639 winning percentage. They lost just 432 contests while tying 21 others.[4]

Rogers Hornsby won two Triple Crowns as a Cardinal.[25]
Rogers Hornsby won two Triple Crowns as a Cardinal.[25]

The AA went bankrupt after the 1891 season and the Browns transferred to the National League. This time, the club entered an era of stark futility. Between 1892 and 1919, St. Louis managed just five winning seasons, finished in last or next-to-last place sixteen times, and ended four seasons with 100 losses or more. The nadir was the 1897 season: a 29–102 record for a franchise-worst .221 winning percentage.[4] St. Louis' 84–67 finish as the Perfectos in 1899 would be the team's best finish between the AA era and Sam Breadon's purchase of the team.[27][28] As the "Perfectos," the team wore their jersey with a cardinal red trim and sock striping.[27] Later that season, St. Louis Republic sportswriter Willie McHale included an account in a column of a female fan he heard remarking about the uniforms, "What a lovely shade of cardinal." Fans liked the moniker "Cardinals" and, the next year in 1900, popularity for the nickname induced an official change to Cardinals.[27][28][29]

In 1902, an American League team moved from Milwaukee into St. Louis, renamed themselves the St. Louis Browns and built a new park on the site of the Cardinals' old stadium, striking a rivalry that lasted five decades.[30] Breadon bought a minority interest in the Cardinals in 1917 and in 1919 Browns manager Branch Rickey joined the Cardinals.[31][32] The Cardinals' first 28 seasons in the NL were a complete reversal of their stay in the AA – with a .406 winning percentage, they compiled 1,632 wins, 2,425 losses and 74 ties.[4]

Breadon era (1920–1952)

St. Louis baseball commenced a renaissance: since 1926 the Cardinals have won eleven World Series and nineteen NL pennants.[4] Breadon spurred this revival when bought out the majority stake in 1920 and appointed Rickey as business manager, who expanded scouting, player development, and pioneered the minor league farm system, filling the role of today's general manager.[33] With Rogers Hornsby at second base, he claimed Triple Crowns in 1922 and 1925, and the Cardinals won the 1926 World Series, their first.[25][34] St. Louis then won the league in 1928, 1930, and 1931 and the 1931 World Series.[35]

Stan Musial retired owning numerous National League and team batting records.
Stan Musial retired owning numerous National League and team batting records.

The Gashouse Gang edition claimed the 1934 World Series[35] and the Cardinals amassed new thresholds of popularity far outside St. Louis via radio, which led to the coining of the term "Cardinal Nation."[36] Dizzy Dean led the Gang, winning the 1934 MVP, and leading the NL multiple times in wins, strikeouts, innings, complete games and shutouts.[37] Johnny Mize and Joe Medwick emerged as two power threats, with Medwick claiming the last Triple Crown for a Cardinal in 1937.[25][35][38][39][40]

In the 1940s, a golden era emerged as Rickey's farm system became laden with such talent as Marty Marion,[41] Enos Slaughter,[42] Mort Cooper,[43] Walker Cooper,[44] Stan Musial,[45] Max Lanier,[46] Whitey Kurowski,[47] Red Schoendienst[48] and Johnny Beazley.[49] It was one of the most successful decades in franchise history with 960 wins 580 losses for a winning percentage higher than any other Major League team at .623.[50] With Billy Southworth managing, they won the World Series in 1942 and 1944 (in the only all-St. Louis series against the Browns), and won 105 or more games each in 1942, 1943, and 1944.[4] Southworth's managerial winning percentage (.642) is St. Louis' highest since the franchise joined the National League.[51][52] Musial was considered the most consistent hitter of his era and most accomplished in team history, winning three MVPs and seven batting titles.[45][53] St. Louis then won the 1946 World Series on Slaughter's Mad Dash in Game 7.[54] Breadon was forced to sell the team in 1947 but won six World Series and nine NL pennants as Cardinals owner.[55] They remained competitive, finishing .500 or better in thirteen of the next seventeen seasons, but fell short of winning the league or World Series until 1964.[4]

Gussie Busch era (1953–1989)

In 1953 the Anheuser-Busch brewery bought the Cardinals and August "Gussie" Busch became team president,[57] spurring the Browns' departure in 1953 to Baltimore to become the Orioles, and making the Cardinals the only major league club in town.[58] More success followed in the 1960s, starting with what is considered one of the most lopsided trades in Major League history, as St. Louis received outfielder Lou Brock from the Cubs for pitcher Ernie Broglio.[59] MVP third baseman Ken Boyer and pitcher Bob Gibson led the club to a World Series win the same year[60] and Curt Flood, Bill White, Curt Simmons, and Steve Carlton also made key contributions in this decade.[61][62][63][64] In 1967, new arrival Orlando Cepeda won the MVP, helping to propel St. Louis to the World Series.[65][66] The Cardinals won the league the following year behind their Major League-leading 2.49 staff ERA[67] in what was an all-round record-breaking season of pitching dominance. Posting a modern-day record low ERA of 1.12 and striking out a one-game World Series-record of 17,[68] Gibson won both the MVP and Cy Young awards that year.[69] However, the Cardinals failed to repeat as World Series champions, blowing a 3–1 lead to the underdog Detroit Tigers.

In the 1970s, catcher/third baseman Joe Torre and first baseman Keith Hernández each won MVPs, but the team's best finishes were second place and 90 wins.[55][70][71] The team found their way back to the World Series the next decade, starting with manager Whitey Herzog and his Whiteyball style of play and another trade that altered course of the franchise: in 1982, shortstop Garry Templeton was shipped to the Padres for fellow shortstop Ozzie Smith.[72][73] Widely regarded as one of the best defensive players in history, Smith ranks first all-time among shortstops in Gold Glove Awards (13), All-Star games (15), assists (8,375), and double plays (1,590).[74][75] St. Louis won the 1982 World Series from the Milwaukee Brewers that fall.[76][77] The Cardinals again won the league in 1985 and 1987.[78] In the 1985 Series, they faced-off with cross-state rivals Kansas City Royals for the first time in a non-exhibition game, but they lost the series after a controversial call in game 6;[79] the 1987 series saw them face off against the Minnesota Twins, but could only win all three of their games played at home in the seven-game series.

Bill DeWitt era (1996–present)

Pitcher Chris Carpenter, essential in two World Series titles, won 10 playoff games with a 3.00 postseason ERA.[80]
Pitcher Chris Carpenter, essential in two World Series titles, won 10 playoff games with a 3.00 postseason ERA.[80]
Albert Pujols is one of the most accomplished players in Cardinals' history.
Albert Pujols is one of the most accomplished players in Cardinals' history.

After Gussie Busch died in 1989,[81] the brewery took control[82] and hired Joe Torre to manage late in 1990,[83] then sold the team to an investment group led by William DeWitt, Jr. in 1996.[84] Tony La Russa replaced Torre in the spring of 1996.[85] In 1998, Mark McGwire competed with the Cubs' Sammy Sosa for a barrage of home runs in their pursuit of the single-season home run record.[86] From 2000 to 2013, the Cardinals reestablished their way to the top with ten playoff appearances, four NL pennants, two World Series titles and 1,274 regular season wins against 993 losses for a .560 winning percentage, leading the National League and second in MLB only to the New York Yankees.[87] With the addition of Jim Edmonds, Albert Pujols, and Scott Rolen, the Cardinals featured three prominent sluggers and defenders nicknamed "MV3;"[88] Pujols won three MVPs and hit .328 with 445 home runs in his Cardinals career.[89] In 2004, playoff stalwart Chris Carpenter's 3.09 ERA and 15 wins[80] helped power the team to a major-league best 105 wins and take the NL pennant.[90] In 2006, beset with injuries and inconsistency,[91] they won the World Series, beating Detroit in five games to set an all-time record-low of 83 wins for a World Series winner.[92][93][94]

In 2009, the Cardinals reached 10,000 wins, dating to when they first played in the American Association (AA).[d][95][96] St. Louis returned to the playoffs in 2011, first surmounting the largest games-won deficit after 130 games (at 10.5) to upstage the Atlanta Braves on the final day for the wild card playoff berth.[97] In Game 3 of the World Series, Pujols became just the third player to hit three home runs in a World Series game.[98] In Game 6, third baseman David Freese and outfielder Lance Berkman each tied the score on the Cardinals' final strike – the first such occurrence in any game in MLB history – and St. Louis defeated the Texas Rangers later that game with a walk-off home run from Freese.[99] After winning that Series, La Russa retired and became the only manager to do so after winning a title. He also finished with the most wins for managers in franchise history with 1,408.[100][101]

La Russa's successor, Mike Matheny, helped extend St. Louis' playoff run as he became the first manager in the division play era to guide the Cardinals to the NLCS and playoffs in his first two seasons.[102] In 2014, the Cardinals extended their NLCS streak to 4, with their 3–1 series victory over the Dodgers, in the NLDS. Ten days after being eliminated from the postseason by the San Francisco Giants, rookie outfielder Oscar Taveras was killed in a car accident while traveling to his hometown Puerto Plata in the Dominican Republic.[103] On November 17, they acquired Atlanta Braves right-fielder Jason Heyward (who had just come off a Gold Glove-winning season) to replace Taveras.[104] On June 16, 2015, the FBI and the Justice Department started an investigation on the Cardinals for possibly hacking the Houston Astros. The hacking incident was perpetrated by Scouting Director Chris Correa.[105] For the first time since the 20072008 seasons, the Cardinals missed the playoffs in consecutive years, 20162017.

On July 14, 2018, following an 8–2 loss to the Cincinnati Reds, the St. Louis Cardinals announced they had dismissed manager Mike Matheny after 6+12 seasons. The team then named Mike Shildt interim manager, and he was made the permanent manager a month later.

On November 19, 2018, the team announced that the "Victory Blue" uniforms, worn by the Cardinals during the late 1970s and 1980s, would be returning for the 2019 season. The uniforms, integrating the powder blue color with the team's current "Saturday alternate" jersey design, were to be worn 13 times on the road during the 2019 season.[106] The Cardinals acquired Paul Goldschmidt in a trade from the Arizona Diamondbacks on December 5, 2018.[107]


The Cardinals play their home games at Busch Stadium (also referred to as New Busch Stadium or Busch III) in downtown St. Louis, straddling 7th and Clark near the intersection of Interstates 64, 55, and 44.[108] The stadium opened for the 2006 season at a cost of $411 million and holds a normal capacity of 46,861.[109][110] The Cardinals finished their inaugural season in the new Busch Stadium by winning the 2006 World Series, the first team since the 1923 New York Yankees to do so.[111] This open-air stadium emulates the HOK Sport (now Populous)-designed "retro-style" baseball-only parks built since the 1990s.[112] The open panoramic perspective over the outfield wall offers a remarkable view of St. Louis' downtown skyline featuring the distinctive Gateway Arch.[113] A replica of Eads Bridge spans the entrance to the park on the third base side, while the statue of Stan Musial arises in front of that entrance.[114] Other statues at the corner of 8th and Clark include Hall of Famers Rogers Hornsby, Ozzie Smith, George Sisler, Cool Papa Bell, Bob Gibson, Jack Buck and others.[115]

Due to increased demand, Game 7 of the 2011 World Series accommodated a baseball record of 47,399 by increasing the number of standing room only tickets. The attendance record for any sporting event is 48,263, in a 2013 association football (soccer) friendly match between Chelsea F.C. and Manchester City F.C., made possible by on field seating.[116] The largest attendance (53,000) of any event at Busch belongs to U2 during a concert from their 360° Tour in 2011.[117]

Ballpark Village, a mixed-use development located across Clark Street from Busch Stadium, is targeted to enhance the ballpark goers' experience.[118] Phase 1 of the development, completed for the start of the 2014 season, includes entertainment venues, restaurants, and retail. Anchored by Cardinals Nation (which includes the Cardinals Hall of Fame, a two-story Cardinals-themed restaurant and rooftop seating for 300+ fans with views of the field across the street), a 20,000 sq ft (1,900 m2) Budweiser Brew House, FOX Sports Midwest Live! and PBR, the $100 million phase 1 development of Ballpark Village is intended to be a gathering space throughout the year, not just during the baseball season.[119]

Previous ballparks

Busch Stadium is the Cardinals' fourth home ballpark and the third to bear that name. The Cardinals' original home ballpark was Sportsman's Park from 1882 to 1892 when they played in the American Association and were known as the Browns. In 1893, the Browns moved to a new ballpark five blocks northwest of Sportsman's Park which would serve as their home from 1893 to 1920. The new park was originally called New Sportsman's Park but became more commonly referred to as Robison Field.[27] Midway through the 1920 season the Cardinals abandoned Robison Field and returned to the original Sportsman's Park and became tenants of their American League rivals, the St. Louis Browns. In 1953, the Anheuser-Busch Brewery purchased the Cardinals and the new owner subsequently also purchased Sportsman's Park from the Browns and renamed it Busch Stadium, later becoming Busch I. The Browns then left St. Louis for Baltimore after the season, becoming the Orioles. The Cardinals built Busch Memorial Stadium, or Busch II, in downtown St. Louis, opened it during the 1966 season and played there until 2005.[55] It was built as the multi-purpose stadium home of both the baseball Cardinals and the NFL football Cardinals, who are now the Arizona Cardinals; the NFL's Rams also played the first four games of their home schedule upon their arrival in St. Louis in 1995. The current Busch Stadium was constructed adjacent to, and partly atop, the site of Busch Memorial Stadium.

Spring training

The Cardinals home field in spring training is Roger Dean Stadium in Jupiter, Florida. They share the complex, which opened in 1998, with the Miami Marlins. Before moving to Jupiter, the Cardinals hosted spring training at Al Lang Field in St. Petersburg, Florida from 1937 to 1997.

Regular season home attendance

The Cardinals have exceeded the attendance total of 3 million every season since 2004. Every season since 2013, the Cardinals have finished second among MLB franchises in home game attendance, surpassed only by the Los Angeles Dodgers each season.

Home Attendance at Busch Stadium[120]
Year Total attendance Game average League rank
1996 2,654,758 32,774 4th
1997 2,634,014 32,519 4th
1998 3,195,691 38,972 4th
1999 3,225,334 40,317 4th
2000 3,396,493 41,191 1st
2001 3,109,578 37,922 3rd
2002 3,011,756 37,182 4th
2003 2,910,386 35,931 4th
2004 3,048,427 37,635 6th
2005 3,538,988 43,691 2nd
2006 3,407,104 42,589 2nd
2007 3,552,180 43,854 3rd
2008 3,432,917 42,382 3rd
2009 3,343,252 41,275 3rd
2010 3,301,218 40,756 3rd
2011 3,093,954 38,197 3rd
2012 3,262,109 40,273 4th
2013 3,369,769 41,602 2nd
2014 3,540,649 43,712 2nd
2015 3,520,889 43,467 2nd
2016 3,444,490 42,524 2nd
2017 3,448,337 42,572 2nd
2018 3,403,587 42,020 2nd
2019 3,480,393 42,968 2nd

Logos and uniforms

The Cardinals have had few logos throughout their history, although those logos have evolved over time. The first logo associated with the Cardinals was an interlocking "SL" that appeared on the team's caps and or sleeves as early as 1900. Those early uniforms usually featured the name "St. Louis" on white home and gray road uniforms which both had cardinal red accents. In 1920, the "SL" largely disappeared from the team's uniforms, and for the next 20 years the team wore caps that were white with red striping and a red bill.

In 1922, the Cardinals wore uniforms for the first time that featured the two familiar cardinal birds perched on a baseball bat over the name "Cardinals" with the letter "C" of the word hooked over the bat. The concept of the birds originated after general manager Branch Rickey noticed a colorful cardboard arrangement featuring cardinal birds on a table in a Presbyterian church in Ferguson, Missouri, at which he was speaking. The arrangement's production was by a woman named Allie May Schmidt. Schmidt's father, a graphic designer, helped Rickey make the logo a familiar staple on Cardinals uniforms.[121] Colloquially referred to as the "birds on the bat", it initially appeared with the birds perched on a black bat and "Cardinals" in printed letters. An alternate version of this logo with "St. Louis" replacing "Cardinals" appeared in 1930 and was the primary logo in 1931 and 1932 before "Cardinals" returned. In 1940, the now-familiar "StL" logo was introduced on the team's caps. The interlocking "StL" has undergone several slight modifications over the years but has appeared on the team's caps every year since. The first appearance of the "STL" in 1940 coincided with the introduction of navy blue as a uniform color. From 1940 until 1955, the team wore navy blue caps with red bills and a red interlocking "StL" while the jerseys featured both cardinal red and navy blue accents. In 1951, the "birds on the bat" logo was changed to feature a yellow baseball bat.[122]

In 1956, the Cardinals changed their caps to solid blue with a red "StL", removing the red bill. Also, for that season only, the Cardinals wore a script "Cardinals" wordmark on their uniforms excluding the "birds on the bat." An updated version of the "birds on the bat" logo returned in 1957 with the word "Cardinals" written in cursive beneath the bat; this logo, with some incremental changes along the way, has been the team's logo since. In 1962, the Cardinals became the first National League team (and the second in all of Major League Baseball after the Chicago White Sox in 1960) to display players' names on the back of their jerseys. In 1964, while retaining their blue caps for road games, the Cardinals changed their home caps to all red with a white interlocking "StL". The next year, the red caps were the only cap worn by the team full-time. In 1967, the birds on the bat emblem on the jersey was again tweaked, making the birds more realistic and changing the position of their tails relative to the bat and this version remained on all Cardinals game jerseys through 1997.

In 1971, following the trend in baseball at the time, the Cardinals replaced the traditional flannel front-button shirts and pants with belts with new pullover knit jerseys and beltless elastic waist pants. In 1973, the crew-neck collar became a V-neck. Another trend in baseball led the Cardinals to change their road uniforms from gray to light blue from 1976 to 1984; the player numbers were worn on the sleeves in 1979 and 1980. In 1992, the Cardinals returned to wearing traditional button-down shirts and pants with belts. That same year, they also brought back the all-navy cap with a red "StL" on the road (which were last worn in 1964) only while wearing the same red and white cap for home games only. In 1998, the "birds on the bat" was updated for the first time in 30 years with more detailed birds and bolder letters. That year, St. Louis introduced a cap featuring a single cardinal bird perched on a bat worn only on Sunday home games. Up until 2020, the alternate "bird" caps were paired with their primary "StL" red batting helmets, but in the 2021 season, the Cardinals added a new helmet to match their home Sunday alternate caps. The new birds on the bat design was modified again the next year, with yellow beaks and white eyes replacing the red beaks and yellow eyes of the 1998 version. Uniform numbers also returned to the front of the jerseys in 1999 after a two-year absence.[122]

On November 16, 2012, the Cardinals unveiled a new alternate uniform to be worn at home games on Saturdays beginning with the 2013 season.[needs update] The modified jersey, cream-colored with red trim on the sleeves and down the front, was the first since 1932 in which "St. Louis" will be used instead of "Cardinals" and retained the "birds on the bat."[123] 2013 also saw the team adopt their red caps as their main cap for both home and away games for the first time since 1991; the navy cap was retained as an alternate, used mainly against other red-capped teams. Over the years, the Cardinals have released various marketing logos depicting anthropomorphized cardinals in a pitching stance, swinging a baseball bat, or wearing a baseball cap that never became part of the game uniform.[122]

Starting with the 2019 season, the Cardinals will wear updated powder blue alternate uniforms during Saturday road games. Like the Saturday home cream alternates, it features red piping and "St. Louis" below the "birds on the bat" logo.[124] In 2020, the Cardinals will wear a slightly updated version of their "StL" cap logo, which was "soft launched" in 2019 via their social media accounts and game broadcasts.[125]

Stan Musial wearing the Cardinals' 1950s road uniform with the original navy cap and red bill.
Whitey Herzog wearing the Cardinals' home pullover uniform, used from 1971 to 1991.
Matt Carpenter wearing the Cardinals' current home uniform with the all-red batting helmet.
Albert Pujols wearing the Cardinals' current home uniform with the alternate Sunday 'bird-on-a-bat' cap.
John Mabry wearing the Cardinals' current Saturday alternate home uniform.
John Gant wearing the Cardinals' current road uniform with the primary all-red cap.
Matt Carpenter wearing the Cardinals' current road uniform with the alternate all-navy cap.




The team mascot is an anthropomorphic cardinal wearing the team's uniform named Fredbird. He is assisted by Team Fredbird, a group of eleven women who entertain fans from the field and on top of the dugouts.

While unofficial, the Rally Squirrel became an unexpected phenomenon during the 2011 postseason. Making its "debut" in Game 3 of the NLDS on Oct 4, a squirrel ran across home plate in the middle of a pitch from Roy Oswalt of the Phillies to the Cardinals' Skip Schumaker. The Cardinals would win Game 4 and subsequently Game 5 (October 7) in Philadelphia to advance to the NLCS, symbolizing the squirrel's "role" in the victory. The squirrel was popularized as "Buschie the Rally Squirrel"[126] As a tribute to the popularity of the squirrel, a small depiction of the Rally Squirrel is also included on the official World Series rings the team received. It shows up under the "STL" logo on the side of the ring.

Fredbird sparked controversy in May 2015, when he was asked by a fan for a photograph and handed him a sign that said "Police Lives Matter". The team later claimed that Fredbird should not be involved in any political activity or social commentary.


Chicago Cubs

The Cardinals–Cubs rivalry refers to games between the Cardinals and the Chicago Cubs. The rivalry is also known as the Downstate Illinois rivalry or the I-55 Series (in earlier years as the Route 66 Series) as both cities are located along Interstate 55 (which itself succeeded the famous U.S. Route 66). The Cubs lead the series 1,230–1,171, through September 2018, while the Cardinals lead in National League pennants with 19 against the Cubs' 17. The Cubs have won 11 of those pennants in Major League Baseball's Modern Era (1901–present), while all 19 of the Cardinals' pennants have been won since 1926. The Cardinals also have an edge when it comes to World Series successes, having won 11 championships to the Cubs' 3. Games featuring the Cardinals and Cubs see numerous visiting fans in either Busch Stadium in St. Louis or Wrigley Field in Chicago.[127] When the National League split into two and then three divisions, the Cardinals and Cubs remained together. This has added excitement to several pennant races over the years. The Cardinals and Cubs have played each other once in the postseason, 2015 National League Division Series, which the Cubs won 3–1.

Kansas City Royals

The Cardinals have an interleague and intrastate rivalry with the Kansas City Royals, dubbed the "Show-Me Series" after the nickname of the team's home state, Missouri; or the "I–70 Series" after the interstate highway that connects the cities. The teams first met in the 1985 World Series, which the Royals won 4–3, and which remains their only post-season meeting.

Since interleague play began in 1997, the Cardinals and Royals have met in four to six games each season, evenly split between the two cities. As of 2019, the Cardinals lead the overall series 63–46.

The rivalry heated up in 2015, when both teams held the best records in their respective leagues when they opened each of their two series. Had the Cardinals made it to the World Series, they would have faced the Royals in a rematch of 1985, who won the championship that year.

Executives and club officials

Ownership and valuation

An investment group led by William DeWitt, Jr. owns the St. Louis Cardinals, having bought the team from Anheuser-Busch (AB) in 1996.[128] As with other periods of the Cardinals' transaction history, doubt loomed as to whether the purchaser would keep the team in St. Louis, due to the city's status as a "small market", which appears to handicap a club's competitiveness. Such was the case when Sam Breadon put the Cardinals up for sale in 1947: then-NL President Ford Frick proposed moving the Cardinals to Chicago.[129] When AB placed the Cardinals for sale in 1995, they publicly expressed intention to find a buyer who would keep the club in St. Louis.[130] In March 1996, AB sold the team for $147 million to a partnership headed by Southwest Bank's Drew Baur, Hanser and DeWitt, Jr.[129] Civic Center Redevelopment, a subsidiary of AB, held the parking garages and adjacent property and also transferred them to the Baur ownership group.[131] Baur's group then sold the garages to another investment group, lowering the net franchise purchase price to about $100 million, about $10 million less than Financial World's value of the team at the time $110 million.[130][132]

Current Cincinnati Reds owners Bob Castellini and brothers Thomas Williams and W. Joseph Williams Jr. each once owned a stake in the Cardinals dating back to the Baur-DeWitt group's purchase of the team. To allow their purchase of the Reds in 2005, the rest of the group bought out Castellini's and the Williams brothers' shares, totaling an estimated 13 percent. At that time, the Forbes valued the Cardinals at about $370 million.[133] However, after reabsorbing that stake into the remainder of the group, they decided to make it available to new investors in 2010. Amid later allegations that the Cardinals owed the city profit shares, DeWitt revealed that their profitability had not reached the threshold to trigger that obligation.[134]

Recent annual financial records

As of 2018, Forbes valued the Cardinals seventh among 30 MLB franchises. Their estimated value of $1.90 billion was an increase of $100 million from the season before, when they ranked seventh. St. Louis' revenue in 2018 was $319 million, up $9 million. Their Operating income was $40.0 million.[6] The Cardinals' deal with Fox Sports Midwest, signed in 2015, begins in 2018, and is worth $1 billion through 2032.[135][7][8][136][137][138] In 2014, Forbes valued the Cardinals at $820 million and opined previously that they play "in the best single-team baseball market in the country and are among the league's leaders in television ratings and attendance every season."[138] Concurrent with the growth of Major League Baseball, the Cardinals value has increased significantly since the Baur-DeWitt purchase. In 2000, the franchise was valued at $219 million,[139] a growth rate of 374% through 2014. The franchise's value grew 12.7% from 2013 to 2014. The Forbes methodology of team values are enterprise values (equity plus net debt) that include the economics of the ballpark but exclude the value of real estate itself. Forbes does not include the value of team-owned regional sports networks. The league's ownership in Major League Baseball Advanced Media (100%) and the MLB Network (67%) and league's investment portfolio are included in our values. In total, these three assets constitute about $425 million in value for each team. Revenue and operating income (earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization) measure cash in versus cash out (not accrual accounting) for the 2017 season. Their figures include the post-season and are net of revenue sharing and stadium debt payments. Revenues include the pro-rated upfront bonuses networks pay teams as well as proceeds from non-MLB events at the ballpark. The non-recurring $18 million each team received in 2017 from the sale of a stake in BamTech to Walt Disney was excluded, as were profits or losses from team-owned RSNs.[140]

St. Louis Cardinals' financial value since 2009
Year $ Franchise Value (mil.)1 $ Revenue (mil.) 2 $ Operating Income (mil.) 3 $ Player Expenses (mil.) 4 Wins-to-player cost ratio 5 Ref
2009 $486 $195 $   7 $120   87
2010 $488 $195 $12.8 $111 100 [141]
2011 $518 $207 $19.8 $110   94 [142]
2012 $591 $233 $25.0 $123 116 [143]
2013 $716 $239 $19.9 $134 102 [138]
2014 $820 $283 $65.2 $133 118 [137][144]
2015 $1,400 $294 $73.6 $133 111 [144][145]
2016 $1,600 $300 $59.8 $145 115 [7]
2017 $1,800 $310 $40.5 $173   86 [146]
2018 $1,900 $319 $40.0 $165   89 [6]

All valuations per Forbes.
1 Based on current stadium deal (unless new stadium is pending) without deduction for debt, other than stadium debt.
  (2018: market $715 mil., stadium $447 mil., sport $493 mil., brand management $245 mil.)[6]
  (2017: market $666 mil., stadium $411 mil., sport $488 mil., brand management $235 mil.)[146]
  (2016: market $613 mil., stadium $378 mil., sport $406 mil., brand management $219 mil.)[7]
  (2015: market $548 mil., stadium $338 mil., sport $331 mil., brand management $197 mil.)
  (2014: market $339 mil., stadium $211 mil., sport $156 mil., brand management $124 mil.)
  (2013: market $291 mil., stadium $182 mil., sport $151 mil., brand management $91 mil.)
 (2012: market $240 mil., stadium $157 mil., sport $119 mil., brand management $78 mil.)
 (2011: market $206 mil., stadium $136 mil., sport $111 mil., brand management $65 mil.)

2 Net of stadium revenues used for debt payments.
3 Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization.
4 Includes benefits and bonuses.
5 Compares the number of wins per player payroll relative to the rest of MLB. Playoff wins count twice as much as regular season wins. A score of 120 means that the team achieved 20% more victories per dollar of payroll compared with the league average in 2010.

Franchise Principals[9]

Other interests

Besides Ballpark Village, which has now finished its first phase, opening on March 27,[147][148] and considered a smashing success with the first phase of the project totaling 120,000 square feet (11,000 m2).[149] The Cardinals own three of their Minor League Baseball affililiates:


Baseball Operations[9]
  • President, Baseball Operations: John Mozeliak
  • Vice President/General Manager: Mike Girsch
  • Assistant General Manager: Moisés Rodríguez (promoted to Asst. GM on Sep. 27, 2017)
  • Director, Player Development: Gary LaRocque
  • Scouting Director: Randy Flores
  • International Operations Director: Moisés Rodríguez (promoted to Asst. GM on Sep. 27, 2017)
  • Director of Player Personnel: Matt Slater
  • Director, Baseball Administration: John Vuch
  • Senior Medical Advisor: Barry Weinberg
Finance and Administration[9]
  • Sr. Vice President and CFO: Brad Wood
Event Services and Merchandising[9]
  • Vice President, Event Services and Merchandising: Vicki Bryant
Stadium Operations[9]
  • Vice President, Stadium Operations: Matt Gifford
Ticket Sales, Marketing & Corporate Sales[9]
  • Sr. Vice President of Sales & Marketing: Dan Farrell
  • Vice President, Corp. Marketing & Stadium Entertainment: Thane van Breusegen
  • Vice President, Ticket Sales and Services: Joe Strohm

Managerial roll

Field managers with one or more years managing, and the current manager are included here.[4]

Dates Name W-L Record % Highlights Ref
1883–89, 1891 Charlie Comiskey 563–273 .673* Highest winning-percentage in franchise history;
Four consecutive World Series appearances, one title
1895, 96, 97 Chris von der Ahe 3–14 .176 [151]
1901–03 Patsy Donovan 175–236 .426 [152]
1904–05 Kid Nichols 80–88 .476 [153]
1906–08 John McCloskey 153–304 .335 [154]
1909–12 Roger Bresnahan 255–352 .420 [155]
1913–17 Miller Huggins 346–415 .455 [156]
1918 Jack Hendricks 51–78 .395 [157]
1919–25 Branch Rickey 458–485 .486 [158]
1925–26 Rogers Hornsby 153–116 .569 One World Series win (player-manager) [159]
1927 Bob O'Farrell 92–61 .601 [160]
1928–29 Bill McKechnie 129–88 .594 One NL pennant [161]
1929, 1940–45 Billy Southworth 620–346 .642** Second-highest winning-percentage in franchise history (highest modern);
Two World Series (1942, 1944) wins
1929, 1930–33 Gabby Street 312–242 .563 Two NL pennants and one World Series win [162]
1933–38 Frankie Frisch 458–354 .564 One World Series win [163]
1939–40 Ray Blades 106–85 .555 [164]
1946–50 Eddie Dyer 446–325 .578 One World Series win [165]
1951 Marty Marion 81–73 .526 [166]
1952–55 Eddie Stanky 260–238 .522 [167]
1956–58 Fred Hutchinson 232–220 .513 [168]
1959–61 Solly Hemus 190–192 .497 [169]
1961–64 Johnny Keane 317–249 .560 One World Series win [170]
1965–76, 1980, 1990 Red Schoendienst 1041–955 .522 Two NL pennants and one World Series win [171]
1977–78 Vern Rapp 89–90 .497 [172]
1978–80 Ken Boyer 166–190 .466 [173]
1980–90 Whitey Herzog 822–728 .530 Three NL pennants and one World Series win [73]
1990–95 Joe Torre 351–354 .498 [83]
1996–2011 Tony La Russa 1408*–1182* .544 Most managerial wins and seasons (16) in team history;
Two World Series (2006, 2011) wins
2012–2018[175] Mike Matheny 591–474 .555 One NL pennant [176]
2018–present Mike Shildt 162–127 .561 [177]
Table key
  • *All-time franchise leader. ** Franchise leader since 1900.
Total number of wins and losses
Winning percentage: Number of wins divided by total of wins and losses
Franchise leader
Elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame


Current roster

St. Louis Cardinals roster
Active roster Inactive roster Coaches/Other

Starting rotation












60-day injured list

Coaching staff

Selected individual achievements and awards

Team captains

Hall of Famers

Inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum

St. Louis Cardinals Hall of Famers
Affiliation according to the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum
St. Louis Browns

Charles Comiskey

Roger Connor

Pud Galvin

George Sisler

St. Louis Cardinals

Grover Cleveland Alexander
Walter Alston
Jake Beckley
Jim Bottomley *
Roger Bresnahan
Lou Brock *
Mordecai Brown
Jesse Burkett
Steve Carlton

Orlando Cepeda
Dizzy Dean *
Leo Durocher
Dennis Eckersley
Frankie Frisch *
Bob Gibson *
Burleigh Grimes
Chick Hafey *
Jesse Haines *

Whitey Herzog *
Rogers Hornsby *
Miller Huggins
Tony La Russa *
Rabbit Maranville
Bill McKechnie
John McGraw
Joe Medwick *
Johnny Mize *
Stan Musial *

Kid Nichols
Branch Rickey
Wilbert Robinson
Red Schoendienst *
Ted Simmons *
Enos Slaughter *
Lee Smith
Ozzie Smith *
John Smoltz

Billy Southworth *
Bruce Sutter
Joe Torre
Dazzy Vance
Larry Walker
Bobby Wallace
Hoyt Wilhelm
Vic Willis
Cy Young

  • Players and managers listed in bold are depicted on their Hall of Fame plaques wearing a Browns or Cardinals cap insignia.
  • * St. Louis Cardinals / Browns listed as primary team according to the Hall of Fame

St. Louis Cardinals Hall of Fame Museum

In 2014, the Cardinals announced the reopening of the franchise Hall of Fame after a 6-year hiatus. A formal selection process recognizes former players as Cardinals Hall of Famers each year. To be eligible for election, a player must have been a member of the Cardinals for at least three seasons. The team initially released the names of 22 former players and personnel included in the inaugural class of 2014.[188] There are now 46 members of the Cardinals Hall of Fame.

Bold Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame
Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame as a Cardinal
Bold Recipient of the Hall of Fame's Ford C. Frick Award

Positions that are listed were played the equivalent of a full season for the Cardinals.

No. Name Years with Cardinals Franchise Position(s) Year Elected Committee Selection
4 Jim Bottomley 1922–1932 1B 2014 Inaugural
14 Ken Boyer 1955–1965, 1971–1972, 1978–1980 3B, CF, Manager, Coach 2014 Inaugural
Sam Breadon 1917–1947 Owner 2016 Team
31 Harry Brecheen 1940, 1943–1952 Pitcher 2018 Red Ribbon
20 Lou Brockdagger 1964–1979 LF 2014 Inaugural
Jack Buck 1954–1959, 1961–2001 Broadcaster 2014 Inaugural
85 August A. Busch, Jr. 1953–1989 Owner 2014 Inaugural
29 Chris Carpenter 2004–2012 Pitcher 2016 Fan
29 Vince Coleman 1985–1990 LF 2018 Fan
13, 14, 24, 25, 30 Mort Cooper 1938–1945 Pitcher 2019 Red Ribbon
17 Dizzy Deandagger 1930, 1932–1937, 1941–1946 Pitcher, Broadcaster 2014 Inaugural
15 Jim Edmonds 2000–2007, 2016–Present CF, Broadcaster 2014 Fan
21, 42 Curt Flood 1958–1969 CF 2015 Red Ribbon
31, 37 Bob Forsch 1974–1988 Pitcher 2015 Fan
3 Frankie Frischdagger 1927–1938 2B, 3B, Manager 2014 Inaugural
45 Bob Gibsondagger 1959–1975, 1995 Pitcher, Coach 2014 Inaugural
Chick Hafeydagger 1924–1931 LF, RF 2014 Inaugural
16 Jesse Hainesdagger 1920–1937 Pitcher 2014 Inaugural
18, 37 Keith Hernandez 1974–1983 1B 2021 Fan
28 Tom Herr 1979–1988 2B 2020 Fan
24 Whitey Herzogdagger 1980–1990 Manager, General Manager 2014 Inaugural
4 Rogers Hornsbydagger 1915–1926, 1933 2B, 3B, SS, Manager 2014 Inaugural
44 Jason Isringhausen 2002–2008 Pitcher 2019 Fan
3 George Kissell 1940–1942, 1946–2008 Coach, Instructor, Scout 2015 Team
12, 16 Ray Lankford 1990–2001, 2004 CF, LF 2018 Fan
10 Tony LaRussa 1996–2011 Manager 2014 Inaugural
4 Marty Marion 1940–1951 SS, Manager 2014 Red Ribbon
1, 2, 10, 11, 28 Pepper Martin 1928, 1930–1940, 1944 3B, CF, RF 2017 Red Ribbon
9, 15, 20, 51 Tim McCarver 1959–1969, 1973–1974, 2014–2019 C, Broadcaster 2017 Fan
51 Willie McGee 1982–1990, 1996–1999, 2018–Present CF, LF, RF, Coach 2014 Fan
25 Mark McGwire 1997–2001, 2010–2012 1B, Coach 2017 Fan
7, 12, 21, 28 Joe Medwick 1932–1940, 1947–1948 LF 2014 Inaugural
10 Johnny Mize 1936–1941 1B 2014 Inaugural
2, 8, 11 Terry Moore 1935–1942, 1946–1952, 1956–1958 CF, Coach 2016 Red Ribbon
6 Stan Musialdagger 1941–1944, 1946–1963, 1967 1B, LF, RF, CF, General Manager 2014 Inaugural
Branch Rickey 1919–1942 General Manager, Manager, President 2014 Inaugural
16, 27 Scott Rolen 2002–2007 3B 2019 Fan
2 Red Schoendienstdagger 1945–1956, 1961–1976, 1979–1995 Manager, 2B, LF, Coach 2014 Inaugural
18, 28 Mike Shannon 1962–1970, 1972–present Broadcaster, 3B, RF 2014 Team
23 Ted Simmonsdagger 1968–1980 C 2015 Fan
9 Enos Slaughterdagger 1938–1942, 1946–1953 RF, LF 2014 Inaugural
1 Ozzie Smithdagger 1982–1999 SS, Broadcaster 2014 Inaugural
Billy Southworthdagger 1926–1927, 1929, 1940–1945 Manager, RF 2014 Inaugural
42 Bruce Sutterdagger 1981–1984 Pitcher 2014 Inaugural
9, 22 Joe Torre 1969–1974, 1990–1995 3B, 1B, C, Manager 2016 Fan
30, 48 John Tudor 1985–1988, 1990 Pitcher 2020 Fan
7, 12, 26 Bill White 1959–1965, 1969 1B, LF 2020 Red Ribbon

Inducted into the Missouri Sports Hall of Fame

St. Louis Cardinals in the Missouri Sports Hall of Fame
No. Player Position Tenure Notes
Branch Rickey Manager
Bing Devine GM 1957–1964
Born and raised in St. Louis
Walt Jocketty GM 1994–2007
Lou Adamie Scorekeeper 1941–1982
Mark Lamping President 1994–2008 Attended Rockhurst University
Charlie Grimm 1B 1918 Born in St. Louis
1 Ozzie Smith SS 1982–1996
2 Red Schoendienst 2B
1945–1956, 1961–1963
1965–1976, 1980, 1990
3 Frankie Frisch 2B
3 George Kissell Coach
4 Marty Marion SS
5, 22 Don Gutteridge 2B/3B 1936–1940
6 Stan Musial OF
8 Hal McRae Coach 2005–2009 Elected mainly on his performance with Kansas City Royals
8 Terry Moore OF 1935–1942
8,14 Mickey Owen C 1937–1940 Born and raised in Nixa, Missouri
9 Terry Pendleton 3B 1984–1990
9 Enos Slaughter RF 1938–1942
9 Bill Virdon CF 1955–1956 Grew up in West Plains, Missouri, attended Drury University
10 Tony La Russa Manager 1996–2011 Born in Tampa Bay, Florida, won 1 World Series in 1989 as the manager of the Oakland Athletics and 2 with the St. Louis Cardinals in 2006 and 2011.
14 Ken Boyer 3B
Born in Liberty, Missouri, grew up in Alba, Missouri
15 Jim Edmonds CF 2000–2007
15 Tim McCarver C 1959–1969
15 Darrell Porter C 1981–1985 Born in Joplin, Missouri
16 Jamie Quirk C 1983 Elected mainly on his performance with Kansas City Royals
17 Dizzy Dean P 1930, 1932–1937
18 Dave Duncan Coach 1996–2011
19 Tom Pagnozzi C 1987–1998
19 Preacher Roe P 1938
20 Lou Brock LF 1964–1979
22 David Eckstein SS 2005–2007
22 Mike Matheny C
23 Charlie James OF 1960–1964 Born in St. Louis, attended University of Missouri
23 Ted Simmons C 1968–1980
24 Whitey Herzog Manager/GM 1980–1982
25 Gabby Street C
1929, 1930–1933
28 Tom Herr 2B 1979–1988
28, 40 Dan Quisenberry P 1988–1989 Elected mainly on his performance with Kansas City Royals
29 Vince Coleman LF 1985–1990
30 Orlando Cepeda 1B 1966–1968
31, 40, 41 Alan Benes P 1995–2001
31 Bob Forsch P 1974–1988
34 Darold Knowles P 1979–1980 Born and raised in Brunswick, Missouri, attended University of Missouri
37 Keith Hernandez 1B 1974–1983
37 Jeff Suppan P 2004–2006, 2010
38 Todd Worrell P 1985–1989, 1992
39 Al Hrabosky P 1970–1977
40 Andy Benes P 1996–1997
40 Rick Sutcliffe P 1994 Born and raised in Independence, Missouri
42 Bruce Sutter P 1981–1984
44 Jason Isringhausen P 2002–2008
45 Bob Gibson P 1959–1975
49 Jerry Reuss P 1969–1971 Born in St. Louis, grew up in Overland, Missouri
50 Tom Henke P 1995 Born and raised in Kansas City, Missouri
51 Willie McGee OF 1982–1990
85 Gussie Busch Owner 1953–1989 Born and raised in St. Louis

Retired numbers

The Cardinals have retired 12 total jersey numbers––second in MLB only to the New York Yankees' 22––in honoring 14 total former players and club personnel on the left field wall at Busch Stadium.[189][190] A 15th, Jackie Robinson, is honored by all MLB teams.[191] During the time Rogers Hornsby had played, the Cardinals did not have any numbers on their uniforms. This practice had begun with the Cleveland Indians in 1920. Thus, Hornsby had no number to retire.


2B, Mgr
Honored 1937

Retired 1996

2B, Mgr, Coach
Retired 1996

OF, 1B, GM
Retired 1963

Retired 1996
La Russa

Retired 2012

3B, Mgr, Coach
Retired 1984

Retired 1974

LF, Coach
Retired 1979

Mgr, GM
Retired 2010

Retired 2006

Retired by MLB '97

SP, Coach
Retired 1975

Retired 1984

Honored 2002


  • Hornsby: When honored in 1937, '"SL"' was used in place of a number as he played mostly in an era without numbers.[192]
  • 42: Jackie Robinson's number 42 was retired throughout baseball in 1997. The Cardinals again retired 42 in September 2006 in honor of Sutter, who was elected to the Hall of Fame earlier in the year.
  • 85: Cardinal stockholders honored Busch with the number 85 on his 85th birthday in 1984.

Out of circulation, but not officially retired

Cardinals records

For a complete list of the record holders, see List of St. Louis Cardinals team records.

Minor league affiliations

The St. Louis Cardinals farm system consists of seven minor league affiliates.[197]

Level Team League Location Manager(s)
Triple-A Memphis Redbirds Triple-A East Memphis, Tennessee Ben Johnson
Double-A Springfield Cardinals Double-A Central Springfield, Missouri José Leger
High-A Peoria Chiefs High-A Central Peoria, Illinois Chris Swauger
Low-A Palm Beach Cardinals Low-A Southeast Jupiter, Florida José León
Rookie GCL Cardinals Gulf Coast League Jupiter, Florida Josh Lopez
Foreign Rookie DSL Cardinals Blue Dominican Summer League Santo Domingo, Distrito Nacional Fray Peniche
DSL Cardinals Red Estuar Ruiz

Radio and television coverage


In St. Louis, Entercom-owned KMOX (1120 AM) airs Cardinals games over radio and feeds the rest of the Cardinals network. Capable of reaching 21 million listeners in nine states including Missouri, Illinois, Arkansas, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Mississippi, Oklahoma, and Tennessee, the Cardinals radio network is the second-largest in MLB with 117 affiliate stations.[12]

Mike Shannon and John Rooney alternate as play-by-play announcers, with Chris Hrabe serving as pre-game and post-game host. KMOX's 50,000-watt clear-channel signal covers much of the continental United States at night. At one time, owing to the Cardinals' status as a "regional" franchise, the Cardinals radio network reached almost half of the country.

The 2011 season marked the Cardinals' return to KMOX following five seasons on KTRS (550 AM), a station which is 50 percent owned by the Cardinals. With a partnership spanning seven decades, and continuously since 1954, its conclusion was realized after the 2005 season when the then owners of KMOX, CBS Radio, and the Cardinals failed to reach terms on a new rights agreement. However, frustrated by the underpowered coverage of 5,000-watt KTRS, the Cardinals reached a new deal with KMOX in 2011.

Starting in 2013 (at age 74), Shannon started reducing his workload. As of the 2016 season, he only called home games for the Cardinals. As of the 2019 season, his 47th in the broadcast booth, he surpassed Jack Buck, his long-time broadcast companion, as the longest-tenured Cardinal broadcaster.

On 14 January 2021, Shannon announced that the upcoming season, his 50th season in the broadcast booth, would be his last.[198]


Since 2000, Cardinals telecasts have generated the top three in ratings in MLB every season.[12] Fox Sports Midwest airs all games in high-definition and is the team's exclusive television broadcaster, with the exception of selected Saturday afternoon games on Fox (via its St. Louis affiliate, KTVI) or Sunday Night Baseball on ESPN. Fox Sports Indiana, Fox Sports South, Fox Sports Tennessee, Fox Sports Oklahoma, Fox Sports Southwest, and Fox Sports Southeast air Cardinals games for fans living within the Cardinals broadcast territory who do not receive the Fox Sports Midwest channel. During the 2016 season, the Cardinals averaged an 8.54 rating and 104,000 viewers on primetime TV broadcasts in St Louis.[199]

The television commentators lineup includes Dan McLaughlin, Rick Horton, and Al Hrabosky. Jimmy "The Cat" Hayes serves as dugout reporter during the game as well as on Cardinals Live, a pre- and post-game show. Cardinals Live is hosted in-studio by Pat Parris along with game analysts and former Cardinals players Jim Edmonds, Gary Bennett and Chris Duncan.[200]

Cardinals Kids, a program aimed at the team's younger fans, airs weekly in-season on Fox Sports Midwest. It's hosted by former Cardinals pitcher Andy Benes, team mascot Fredbird, and Busch Stadium Public Address announcer John "The U-Man" Ulett. The 30-minute show began airing in 2003 and presents team news, player profiles, and Cardinals team history in a kid-friendly manner along with games and trivia.[201]

A weekly magazine program, This Week in Cardinal Nation, airs on St. Louis' NBC affiliate KSDK. Cardinals games had been seen on KSDK (and its predecessor, KSD-TV) from 1947 through 1958, 1963 through 1987, and 2007 until 2010. KPLR-TV was the Cardinals' other over-the-air broadcaster, carrying games from 1959 through 1962 and from 1988 until 2006.

Former Cardinals broadcasters include Jack Buck, Harry Caray, Dizzy Dean, Joe Garagiola, Sr., and Jay Randolph. Joe Buck, the son of Jack Buck, was an official member of the Cardinals' broadcast team from 1991 until 2007. The younger Buck is currently the lead play-by-play caller for Fox Sports' national Major League Baseball and National Football League broadcasts.

Opening Day lineups

Year 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 P
2021[202] Tommy Edman 2B Paul Goldschmidt 1B Nolan Arenado 3B Paul DeJong SS Tyler O'Neill LF Yadier Molina C Dylan Carlson CF Justin Williams RF Jack Flaherty P
2020[203] Kolten Wong 2B Tommy Edman 3B Paul Goldschmidt 1B Paul DeJong SS Matt Carpenter DH Yadier Molina C Dexter Fowler RF Tyler O'Neill LF Harrison Bader CF Jack Flaherty P
2019[204] Matt Carpenter 3B Paul Goldschmidt 1B Paul DeJong SS Marcell Ozuna LF Yadier Molina C Dexter Fowler RF Kolten Wong 2B Harrison Bader CF Miles Mikolas P
2018[205] Dexter Fowler RF Tommy Pham CF Matt Carpenter 3B Marcell Ozuna LF José Martínez 1B Yadier Molina C Paul DeJong SS Kolten Wong 2B Carlos Martínez P
2017[206] Dexter Fowler CF Aledmys Díaz SS Matt Carpenter 1B Jhonny Peralta 3B Yadier Molina C Stephen Piscotty RF Jedd Gyorko 2B Randal Grichuk LF Carlos Martínez P
2016[207] Matt Carpenter 3B Tommy Pham LF Matt Holliday 1B Randal Grichuk CF Stephen Piscotty RF Yadier Molina C Kolten Wong 2B Jedd Gyorko SS Adam Wainwright P
2015[208] Matt Carpenter 3B Jason Heyward RF Matt Holliday LF Jhonny Peralta SS Matt Adams 1B Yadier Molina C Kolten Wong 2B Jon Jay CF Adam Wainwright P
2014[209] Matt Carpenter 3B Kolten Wong 2B Matt Holliday LF Allen Craig RF Yadier Molina C Matt Adams 1B Jhonny Peralta SS Peter Bourjos CF Adam Wainwright P
2013[210] Jon Jay CF Matt Carpenter 2B Matt Holliday LF Allen Craig 1B Carlos Beltrán RF Yadier Molina C Daniel Descalso 2B Pete Kozma SS Adam Wainwright P
2012[211] Rafael Furcal SS Carlos Beltrán RF Matt Holliday LF Lance Berkman 1B David Freese 3B Yadier Molina C Jon Jay CF Daniel Descalso 2B Kyle Lohse P
2011[212] Ryan Theriot SS Colby Rasmus CF Albert Pujols 1B Matt Holliday LF Lance Berkman RF David Freese 3B Yadier Molina C Skip Schumaker 2B Chris Carpenter P
2010[213] Skip Schumaker 2B Brendan Ryan SS Albert Pujols 1B Matt Holliday LF Colby Rasmus CF Ryan Ludwick RF Yadier Molina C David Freese 3B Chris Carpenter P
2009[214] Brendan Ryan 2B Rick Ankiel CF Albert Pujols 1B Khalil Greene SS Ryan Ludwick RF Yadier Molina C Chris Duncan LF Brian Barden 3B Adam Wainwright P
2008[215] Skip Schumaker RF Chris Duncan LF Albert Pujols 1B Rick Ankiel CF Troy Glaus 3B Yadier Molina C Adam Kennedy 2B Kyle Lohse P César Izturis SS
2007[216] David Eckstein SS Preston Wilson RF Albert Pujols 1B Scott Rolen 3B Yadier Molina C Jim Edmonds CF So Taguchi LF Adam Kennedy 2B Chris Carpenter P
2006[217] David Eckstein SS Juan Encarnación RF Albert Pujols 1B Jim Edmonds CF Scott Rolen 3B So Taguchi LF Yadier Molina C Aaron Miles 2B Chris Carpenter P
2005[218] David Eckstein SS Larry Walker RF Albert Pujols 1B Scott Rolen 3B Jim Edmonds CF Mark Grudzielanek 2B Reggie Sanders LF Yadier Molina C Chris Carpenter P
2004[219] Tony Womack 2B Ray Lankford LF Albert Pujols 1B Jim Edmonds CF Scott Rolen 3B Édgar Rentería SS Reggie Sanders RF Mike Matheny C Matt Morris P
2003[220] Fernando Viña 2B Édgar Rentería SS Jim Edmonds CF Albert Pujols LF Scott Rolen 3B Tino Martinez 1B Eli Marrero RF Mike Matheny C Matt Morris P
2002[221] Fernando Viña 2B Placido Polanco 3B J. D. Drew RF Albert Pujols LF Jim Edmonds CF Édgar Rentería SS Tino Martinez 1B Mike DiFelice C Matt Morris P
2001[222] Fernando Viña 2B Édgar Rentería SS Jim Edmonds CF Mark McGwire 1B Placido Polanco 3B Albert Pujols LF Mike Matheny C J. D. Drew RF Darryl Kile P
2000[223] Fernando Viña 2B Édgar Rentería SS Ray Lankford LF Fernando Tatis 3B Jim Edmonds CF Craig Paquette 1B Eric Davis RF Mike Matheny C Darryl Kile P
1999[224] Édgar Rentería SS Jim Edmonds CF Mark McGwire 1B Eric Davis RF Fernando Tatis 3B Shawon Dunston LF Eli Marrero C Placido Polanco 2B Donovan Osborne P
1998[225] Royce Clayton SS Delino DeShields 2B Mark McGwire 1B Ray Lankford CF Brian Jordan RF Ron Gant LF Gary Gaetti 3B Tom Lampkin C Todd Stottlemyre P
1997[226] Delino DeShields 2B Royce Clayton SS Willie McGee RF Brian Jordan CF Ron Gant LF Gary Gaetti 3B John Mabry 1B Tom Lampkin C Todd Stottlemyre P
1996[227] Willie McGee RF Royce Clayton SS Ray Lankford CF Ron Gant LF Gary Gaetti 3B John Mabry 1B Pat Borders C Luis Alicea 2B Andy Benes P
1995[228] Bernard Gilkey LF Ozzie Smith SS Ray Lankford CF Scott Cooper 3B Brian Jordan RF John Mabry 1B Tom Pagnozzi C Manuel Lee 2B Ken Hill P
1994[229] Ray Lankford CF Ozzie Smith SS Gregg Jefferies 1B Todd Zeile 3B Mark Whiten RF Bernard Gilkey LF Luis Alicea 2B Erik Pappas C Bob Tewksbury P
1993[230] Gerónimo Peña 2B Ozzie Smith SS Gregg Jefferies 1B Ray Lankford CF Mark Whiten RF Todd Zeile 3B Bernard Gilkey LF Tom Pagnozzi C Bob Tewksbury P
1992[231] Ray Lankford CF Ozzie Smith SS Todd Zeile 3B Andrés Galarraga 1B Pedro Guerrero LF Milt Thompson RF Tom Pagnozzi C José Oquendo 2B José DeLeón P
1991[232] Rex Hudler CF Ozzie Smith SS Bernard Gilkey LF Pedro Guerrero 1B Félix José RF Todd Zeile 3B Tom Pagnozzi C José Oquendo 2B Bryn Smith P
1990[233] Vince Coleman LF Willie McGee CF Todd Zeile C Pedro Guerrero 1B Terry Pendleton 3B Tom Brunansky RF Ozzie Smith SS José Oquendo 2B Joe Magrane P
1989[234] Vince Coleman LF Willie McGee CF Terry Pendleton 3B Pedro Guerrero 1B Tom Brunansky RF José Oquendo SS Tony Peña C Tim Jones 2B Joe Magrane P
1988[235] Vince Coleman LF Ozzie Smith SS Tom Herr 2B Bob Horner 1B Willie McGee CF Terry Pendleton 3B Tony Peña C Jim Lindeman RF Joe Magrane P
1987[236] Vince Coleman LF Ozzie Smith SS Tom Herr 2B Jack Clark 1B Jim Lindeman RF Tony Peña C Terry Pendleton 3B Tito Landrum CF John Tudor P
1986[237] Vince Coleman LF Willie McGee CF Tom Herr 2B Jack Clark 1B Andy Van Slyke RF Terry Pendleton 3B Mike Heath C Ozzie Smith SS John Tudor P
1985[238] Lonnie Smith LF Tom Herr 2B Terry Pendleton 3B Jack Clark 1B Darrell Porter C Steve Braun RF Andy Van Slyke CF Ozzie Smith SS Joaquín Andújar P
1984[239] Lonnie Smith LF Ken Oberkfell 3B Tom Herr 2B George Hendrick RF Art Howe 1B Willie McGee CF Darrell Porter C Ozzie Smith SS Dave LaPoint P
1983[240] Lonnie Smith LF Ozzie Smith SS Keith Hernandez 1B George Hendrick RF David Green CF Darrell Porter C Ken Oberkfell 3B Mike Ramsey 2B Bob Forsch P
1982[241] Lonnie Smith CF Tom Herr 2B Keith Hernandez 1B Darrell Porter C George Hendrick RF Dane Iorg LF Steve Braun 3B Ozzie Smith SS Bob Forsch P
1981[242] Garry Templeton SS Ken Oberkfell 3B Keith Hernandez 1B George Hendrick RF Darrell Porter C Sixto Lezcano LF Tony Scott CF Tom Herr 2B Bob Forsch P
1980[243] Garry Templeton SS Ken Oberkfell 2B Keith Hernandez 1B Ted Simmons C Bobby Bonds LF George Hendrick RF Tony Scott CF Ken Reitz 3B Pete Vuckovich P
1979[244] Lou Brock LF Garry Templeton SS Keith Hernandez 1B Ted Simmons C George Hendrick CF Tony Scott RF Ken Reitz 3B Mike Tyson 2B John Denny P
1978[245] Lou Brock LF Garry Templeton SS Jerry Morales RF Ted Simmons C Keith Hernandez 1B Ken Reitz 3B Tony Scott CF Mike Tyson 2B Bob Forsch P
1977[246] Lou Brock LF Garry Templeton SS Bake McBride CF Héctor Cruz RF Ted Simmons C Keith Hernandez 1B Ken Reitz 3B Mike Tyson 2B John Denny P
1976[247] Lou Brock LF Lee Richard SS Bake McBride CF Ted Simmons C Reggie Smith RF Keith Hernandez 1B Héctor Cruz 3B Mike Tyson 2B Lynn McGlothen P
1975[248] Lou Brock LF Ted Sizemore 2B Bake McBride CF Reggie Smith RF Ted Simmons C Keith Hernandez 1B Ken Reitz 3B Ed Brinkman SS Bob Gibson P
1974[249] Lou Brock LF Ted Sizemore 2B Reggie Smith RF Joe Torre 1B Ted Simmons C Bake McBride CF Ken Reitz 3B Mike Tyson SS Bob Gibson P
1973[250] Lou Brock LF Ted Sizemore 2B José Cruz CF Joe Torre 1B Ted Simmons C Ken Reitz 3B Bernie Carbo RF Ray Busse SS Bob Gibson P
1972[251] Lou Brock LF Ted Sizemore 2B Matty Alou RF Joe Torre 3B Ted Simmons C Joe Hague 1B José Cruz CF Dal Maxvill SS Bob Gibson P
1971[252] Matty Alou CF Ted Sizemore SS Lou Brock LF Joe Torre 3B José Cardenal RF Joe Hague 1B Ted Simmons C Julián Javier 2B Bob Gibson P
1970[253] Lou Brock LF José Cardenal CF Dick Allen 3B Joe Torre C Leron Lee RF Joe Hague 1B Julián Javier 2B Dal Maxvill SS Bob Gibson P
1969[254] Lou Brock LF Curt Flood CF Vada Pinson RF Joe Torre 1B Tim McCarver C Mike Shannon 3B Julián Javier 2B Dal Maxvill SS Bob Gibson P
1968[255] Lou Brock LF Curt Flood CF Roger Maris RF Orlando Cepeda 1B Tim McCarver C Mike Shannon 3B Julián Javier 2B Dal Maxvill SS Bob Gibson P
1967[256] Lou Brock LF Curt Flood CF Roger Maris RF Orlando Cepeda 1B Mike Shannon 3B Tim McCarver C Julián Javier 2B Dal Maxvill SS Bob Gibson P
1966[257] Lou Brock RF Julián Javier 2B Curt Flood CF Tim McCarver C Charley Smith 3B Alex Johnson LF George Kernek 1B Jerry Buchek SS Curt Simmons P
1965[258] Curt Flood CF Lou Brock LF Bill White 1B Ken Boyer 3B Dick Groat SS Mike Shannon RF Julián Javier 2B Bob Uecker C Bob Gibson P
1964[259] Julián Javier 2B Dick Groat SS Bill White 1B Charlie James LF Ken Boyer 3B Carl Warwick RF Curt Flood CF Bob Uecker C Ernie Broglio P
1963[260] Curt Flood CF Dick Groat SS Bill White 1B George Altman RF Ken Boyer 3B Stan Musial LF Carl Sawatski C Julián Javier 2B Ernie Broglio P
1962[261] Curt Flood CF Julián Javier 2B Bill White 1B Stan Musial RF Ken Boyer 3B Minnie Miñoso LF Gene Oliver C Julio Gotay SS Larry Jackson P
1961[262] Julián Javier 2B Don Landrum CF Bill White 1B Ken Boyer 3B Stan Musial LF Daryl Spencer SS Joe Cunningham RF Hal Smith C Ernie Broglio P
1960[263] Joe Cunningham RF Daryl Spencer SS Bill White CF Ken Boyer 3B Stan Musial 1B Leon Wagner LF Hal Smith C Alex Grammas 2B Larry Jackson P
1959[264] Don Blasingame 2B Gino Cimoli CF Bill White 1B Ken Boyer 3B Stan Musial LF Joe Cunningham RF Hal Smith C Alex Grammas SS Larry Jackson P
1958[265] Don Blasingame 2B Alvin Dark SS Stan Musial 1B Del Ennis LF Ken Boyer 3B Wally Moon RF Bobby Smith CF Hobie Landrith C Vinegar Bend Mizell P
1957[266] Don Blasingame 2B Alvin Dark SS Stan Musial 1B Del Ennis RF Ken Boyer 3B Wally Moon LF Hal Smith C Bobby Smith CF Herm Wehmeier P
1956[267] Wally Moon 1B Red Schoendienst 2B Stan Musial RF Hank Sauer LF Ken Boyer 3B Bill Virdon CF Bill Sarni C Alex Grammas SS Vinegar Bend Mizell P
1955[268] Wally Moon LF Bill Virdon CF Stan Musial 1B Rip Repulski RF Red Schoendienst 2B Ken Boyer 3B Bill Sarni C Alex Grammas SS Brooks Lawrence P
1954[269] Rip Repulski RF Wally Moon CF Red Schoendienst 2B Stan Musial LF Ray Jablonski 3B Tom Alston 1B Alex Grammas SS Del Rice C Harvey Haddix P
1953[270] Solly Hemus SS Red Schoendienst 2B Stan Musial LF Steve Bilko 1B Enos Slaughter RF Ray Jablonski 3B Rip Repulski CF Del Rice C Gerry Staley P
1952[271] Solly Hemus SS Red Schoendienst 2B Stan Musial LF Enos Slaughter RF Wally Westlake CF Steve Bilko 1B Billy Johnson 3B Del Rice C Gerry Staley P
1951[272] Peanuts Lowrey CF Red Schoendienst 2B Enos Slaughter RF Stan Musial LF Don Richmond 3B Steve Bilko 1B Joe Garagiola C Solly Hemus SS Tom Poholsky P
1950[273] Harry Walker CF Red Schoendienst 2B Stan Musial RF Enos Slaughter LF Eddie Kazak 3B Rocky Nelson 1B Joe Garagiola C Eddie Miller SS Gerry Staley P
1949[274] Tommy Glaviano 3B Red Schoendienst 2B Stan Musial CF Enos Slaughter LF Nippy Jones 1B Ron Northey RF Marty Marion SS Del Rice C Harry Brecheen P
1948[275] Erv Dusak CF Red Schoendienst 2B Stan Musial RF Enos Slaughter LF Whitey Kurowski 3B Nippy Jones 1B Del Wilber C Marty Marion SS Murry Dickson P
1947[276] Red Schoendienst 2B Harry Walker CF Stan Musial 1B Enos Slaughter RF Whitey Kurowski 3B Dick Sisler LF Marty Marion SS Joe Garagiola C Howie Pollet P
1946[277] Lou Klein 2B Terry Moore CF Stan Musial LF Enos Slaughter RF Whitey Kurowski 3B Dick Sisler 1B Marty Marion SS Del Rice C Johnny Beazley P
1945[278] Augie Bergamo RF Johnny Hopp CF Red Schoendienst LF Walker Cooper C Ray Sanders 1B Whitey Kurowski 3B Marty Marion SS Emil Verban 2B Ted Wilks P
1944[279] Emil Verban 2B Johnny Hopp CF Stan Musial RF Walker Cooper C Ray Sanders 1B Whitey Kurowski 3B Danny Litwhiler LF Marty Marion SS Max Lanier P
1943[280] Jimmy Brown 2B Frank Demaree RF Stan Musial LF Whitey Kurowski 3B Walker Cooper C Buster Adams CF Johnny Hopp 1B Lou Klein SS Mort Cooper P
1942[281] Creepy Crespi 2B Stan Musial LF Terry Moore CF Enos Slaughter RF Ray Sanders 1B Jimmy Brown 3B Ken O'Dea C Marty Marion SS Mort Cooper P
1941[282] Ernie Koy LF Jimmy Brown 3B Terry Moore CF Johnny Mize 1B Enos Slaughter RF Gus Mancuso C Marty Marion SS Creepy Crespi 2B Lon Warneke P
1940[283] Jimmy Brown 3B Stu Martin 2B Enos Slaughter RF Johnny Mize 1B Don Padgett C Pepper Martin LF Terry Moore CF Marty Marion SS Curt Davis P
1939[284] Jimmy Brown 2B Don Gutteridge 3B Enos Slaughter RF Joe Medwick LF Johnny Mize 1B Terry Moore CF Mickey Owen C Joe Orengo SS Bob Weiland P
1938[285] Don Gutteridge SS Stu Martin 2B Enos Slaughter RF Don Padgett LF Johnny Mize 1B Pepper Martin 3B Terry Moore CF Mickey Owen C Bob Weiland P
1937[286] Terry Moore CF Stu Martin 2B Frenchy Bordagaray 3B Joe Medwick LF Johnny Mize 1B Pepper Martin RF Leo Durocher SS Bruce Ogrodowski C Dizzy Dean P
1936[287] Terry Moore CF Frankie Frisch 2B Pepper Martin RF Joe Medwick LF Ripper Collins 1B Spud Davis C Charlie Gelbert 3B Leo Durocher SS Dizzy Dean P
1935[288] Pepper Martin 3B Jack Rothrock RF Frankie Frisch 2B Joe Medwick LF Ripper Collins 1B Bill DeLancey C Terry Moore CF Leo Durocher SS Dizzy Dean P
1934[289] Terry Moore CF Frankie Frisch 2B Pepper Martin 3B Jack Rothrock LF Joe Medwick RF Ripper Collins 1B Spud Davis C Leo Durocher SS Dizzy Dean P
1933[290] Sparky Adams 3B George Watkins RF Frankie Frisch 2B Ripper Collins 1B Joe Medwick LF Ernie Orsatti CF Jimmie Wilson C Gordon Slade SS Dizzy Dean P
1932[291] Sparky Adams 3B Ray Blades RF Frankie Frisch 2B Jim Bottomley 1B Ripper Collins LF Pepper Martin CF Jimmie Wilson C Charlie Gelbert SS Flint Rhem P
1931[292] Taylor Douthit CF Ernie Orsatti LF Frankie Frisch 2B Jim Bottomley 1B George Watkins RF Charlie Gelbert SS Sparky Adams 3B Jimmie Wilson C Flint Rhem P
1930[293] Taylor Douthit CF Sparky Adams 2B Frankie Frisch 3B Jim Bottomley 1B Chick Hafey LF Showboat Fisher RF Charlie Gelbert SS Jimmie Wilson C Flint Rhem P
1929[294] Taylor Douthit CF Fred Haney 3B Frankie Frisch 2B Jim Bottomley 1B Chick Hafey LF Wally Roettger RF Charlie Gelbert SS Bubber Jonnard C Grover Alexander P
1928[295] Taylor Douthit CF Wattie Holm 3B Frankie Frisch 2B Jim Bottomley 1B Chick Hafey LF Wally Roettger RF Tommy Thevenow SS Bob O'Farrell C Jesse Haines P
1927[296] Taylor Douthit CF Billy Southworth RF Frankie Frisch 2B Jim Bottomley 1B Les Bell 3B Chick Hafey LF Bob O'Farrell C Tommy Thevenow SS Grover Alexander P
1926[297] Ray Blades LF Heinie Mueller CF Rogers Hornsby 2B Jim Bottomley 1B Chick Hafey RF Les Bell 3B Bob O'Farrell C Tommy Thevenow SS Flint Rhem P
1925[298] Max Flack RF Heinie Mueller CF Rogers Hornsby 2B Jim Bottomley 1B Les Bell 3B Wattie Holm LF Walter Schmidt C Tommy Thevenow SS Jesse Haines P
1924[299] Max Flack RF Jack Smith LF Rogers Hornsby 2B Jim Bottomley 1B Howard Freigau 3B Heinie Mueller CF Les Bell SS Ernie Vick C Johnny Stuart P
1923[300] Ray Blades LF Jack Smith RF Rogers Hornsby 2B Jim Bottomley 1B Milt Stock 3B Heinie Mueller CF Howard Freigau SS Eddie Ainsmith C Jeff Pfeffer P
1922[301] Les Mann CF Del Gainer 1B Milt Stock 3B Rogers Hornsby 2B Joe Schultz RF Austin McHenry LF Specs Toporcer SS Verne Clemons C Bill Sherdel P
1921[302] Heinie Mueller RF Cliff Heathcote CF Milt Stock 3B Rogers Hornsby LF Jack Fournier 1B Doc Lavan SS Verne Clemons C Specs Toporcer 2B Jesse Haines P
1920[303] Burt Shotton LF Cliff Heathcote RF Milt Stock 3B Rogers Hornsby 2B Jack Fournier 1B Austin McHenry CF Hal Janvrin SS Verne Clemons C Bill Doak P
1919[304] Burt Shotton LF Jack Smith RF Austin McHenry CF Rogers Hornsby SS Milt Stock 3B Gene Paulette 1B Bob Fisher 2B Frank Snyder C Jakie May P
1918[305] Red Smyth RF Jack Smith CF Doug Baird 3B Rogers Hornsby SS Walton Cruise LF Gene Paulette 1B Mike González C Bruno Betzel 2B Lee Meadows P
1917[306] Bob Bescher LF Bruno Betzel 2B Tom Long RF Dots Miller 1B Rogers Hornsby SS Walton Cruise CF Fred Smith 3B Frank Snyder C Lee Meadows P
1916[307] Bob Bescher LF Zinn Beck 3B Jack Smith CF Dots Miller 1B Tom Long RF Bruno Betzel 2B Rogers Hornsby SS Frank Snyder C Bill Doak P
1915[308] Cozy Dolan CF Miller Huggins 2B Bob Bescher LF Dots Miller 1B Chief Wilson RF Zinn Beck 3B Rolla Daringer SS Frank Snyder C Slim Sallee P
1914[309] Miller Huggins 2B Lee Magee CF Art Butler SS Dots Miller 1B Chief Wilson RF Cozy Dolan 3B Walton Cruise LF Ivey Wingo C Dan Griner P
1913[310] Miller Huggins 2B Lee Magee LF Mike Mowrey 3B Ed Konetchy 1B Steve Evans RF Rebel Oakes CF Charley O'Leary SS Ivey Wingo C Dan Griner P
1912[311] Miller Huggins 2B Rube Ellis LF Rebel Oakes CF Ed Konetchy 1B Steve Evans RF Mike Mowrey 3B Arnold Hauser SS Jack Bliss C Bob Harmon P
1911[312] Miller Huggins 2B Rube Ellis LF Mike Mowrey 3B Ed Konetchy 1B Steve Evans RF Roger Bresnahan C Rebel Oakes CF Arnold Hauser SS Slim Sallee P
1910[313] Miller Huggins 2B Rube Ellis LF Rebel Oakes CF Ed Konetchy 1B Steve Evans RF Roger Bresnahan C Rudy Hulswitt SS Jap Barbeau 3B Vic Willis P
1909[314] Bobby Byrne 3B Al Shaw CF Roger Bresnahan C Ed Konetchy 1B Steve Evans RF Joe Delahanty LF Chappy Charles 2B Champ Osteen SS Johnny Lush P
1908[315] Chappy Charles 3B Shad Barry RF Joe Delahanty LF Ed Konetchy 1B Red Murray CF Bobby Byrne SS Billy Gilbert 2B Art Hoelskoetter C Johnny Lush P
1907[316] John Kelly RF Tom O'Hara LF Pug Bennett 2B Jake Beckley 1B Bobby Byrne 3B Ed Holly SS Al Burch CF Doc Marshall C Art Fromme P
1906[317] Pug Bennett 2B Spike Shannon LF Mike Grady C Homer Smoot RF Jake Beckley 1B Jack Himes CF Harry Arndt 3B George McBride SS Jack Taylor P
1905[318] John Farrell 2B Spike Shannon LF Homer Smoot CF Dave Brain SS Mike Grady 1B Jack Dunleavy RF Jimmy Burke 3B Jack Warner C Chappie McFarland P
1904[319] John Farrell 2B Spike Shannon RF Homer Smoot CF Jake Beckley 1B Danny Shay SS Jimmy Burke 3B George Barclay LF Bill Byers C Jack Taylor P
1903[320] John Farrell 2B Homer Smoot CF Dave Brain 3B George Barclay LF Patsy Donovan RF Art Nichols 1B Otto Williams SS Jack Ryan C Clarence Currie P
1902[321] John Farrell 2B George Barclay LF Fred Hartman 3B Homer Smoot CF Otto Krueger SS Patsy Donovan RF Doc Hazelton 1B Jack Ryan C Stan Yerkes P
1901[322] Jesse Burkett LF Emmet Heidrick CF Patsy Donovan RF Dan McGann 1B Bobby Wallace SS Dick Padden 2B Otto Krueger 3B Jack Ryan C Jack Powell P

Opening Day salaries

Opening Day payrolls for 25-man roster (since 2000):[323] 2018–23 payroll obligations

Opening Day Salary
(ML contracts plus pro-rated signing bonuses)
Year Salary
2000 $63,900,000
2001 $78,538,333
2002 $74,660,875
2003 $83,786,666
2004 $83,228,333
2005 $92,106,833
2006 $88,891,371
2007 $90,286,823
2008 $99,624,449
2009 $88,528,409
2010 $94,220,500
2011 $109,048,000
2012 $111,858,500
2013 $116,790,787
2014 $111,250,000   (Google spreadsheet)
2015 $122,066,500   (Google spreadsheet)
2016 $145,553,500   (Google spreadsheet)
2017 $148,152,933   (Google spreadsheet)
2018 $159,698,667   (Google spreadsheet)
2019 $162,620,267
2020 $166,101,500


  1. ^ In 2001, the Cardinals and the Houston Astros finished the season with identical records of 93–69 and finished tied for first place in the Central Division standings. The Cardinals claimed it was a shared championship but MLB disagreed.[3] For playoff seeding, the NL Central slot went to Houston and St. Louis was awarded the wild card berth.
  2. ^ In 1981, the Cardinals finished with the overall best record in the East Division. However, a players' strike in the middle of the season forced the season to be split into two halves. St. Louis finished second in both halves and was thereby deprived of a post-season appearance.
  3. ^ Most sources consider the 1882 Brown Stockings to represent the beginning of the St. Louis Cardinals (if it was not the even earlier 1875 or 1878 clubs) but the St. Louis Cardinals baseball club itself considers its history to have begun in 1892 when the team (still called the St. Louis Browns) joined the National League.[19][20]
  4. ^ Although the St. Louis Cardinals do not officially recognize their era in the American Association (AA) as part of their Major League history, Major League Baseball recognized that incarnation of the AA in 1968, as well as other historic leagues, existing as former Major Leagues.


  1. ^ Falk, Jill (October 11, 2016). "New book highlights history of St. Louis Cardinals uniforms and logos". MLB Advanced Media. Retrieved December 2, 2018.
  2. ^ Getzenberg, Alaina (September 18, 2017). "Schmidt's vision inspired iconic red bird logo". MLB Advanced Media. Retrieved December 2, 2018. There are few logos in baseball as closely linked to a team as the "Birds on the Bat" is to the Cardinals. The red birds that are now inseparable from the Cardinal name, however, were not featured by the team in its earliest days. Rather, the name originally referred to the color cardinal red.
  3. ^ "St. Louis Cardinals History". September 19, 2004. Retrieved October 1, 2019.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i "St. Louis Cardinals Team History & Encyclopedia". Retrieved February 13, 2013.
  5. ^ Eisenbath 1999: 251
  6. ^ a b c d "St. Louis Cardinals". Forbes. April 11, 2018. Retrieved April 12, 2018.
  7. ^ a b c d "St. Louis Cardinals". Forbes. March 23, 2016.
  8. ^ a b "St. Louis Cardinals". Forbes. March 2015.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g "Front Office Directory". MLB Advanced Media. Retrieved June 25, 2020.
  10. ^ Langosch, Jenifer (June 30, 2017). "Cards promote Mozeliak, name Girsch GM". MLB Advanced Media. Retrieved June 25, 2020.
  11. ^ Saunders, Patrick (August 2, 2012). "Cardinals fans get another vote as best in baseball". The Denver Post. Retrieved July 1, 2016.
  12. ^ a b c "Busch Stadium facts". St. Louis Cardinals. Retrieved July 1, 2016.
  13. ^ "St. Louis Cardinals Team History & Encyclopedia". Retrieved November 11, 2020.
  14. ^ Cash 2002: 38
  15. ^ a b "St. Louis Cardinals Team History & Encyclopedia". Baseball Reference. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
  16. ^ a b "St. Louis Cardinals (1882–2013)". Retrosheet. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
  17. ^ Suehsdorf, A. D. (1978). The Great American Baseball Scrapbook, p. 8. Random House. ISBN 0-394-50253-1
  18. ^ "1875 St. Louis Brown Stockings team page". Retrieved January 10, 2013.
  19. ^ "Franchise Timeline". The Official Site of the St Louis Cardinals. Major League Baseball. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
  20. ^ "Cardinals assert team history began in 1892". The Cardinal Nation Blog. August 21, 2009. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
  21. ^ a b "Charlie Comiskey Managerial Record". Retrieved March 26, 2013.
  22. ^ "Bob Caruthers player page". Retrieved April 21, 2013.
  23. ^ "Tip O'Neill player page". Retrieved April 21, 2013.
  24. ^ "Tip O'Neill awards". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved April 21, 2013.
  25. ^ a b c d "MLB Triple Crown Winners". Retrieved April 21, 2013.
  26. ^ Cash, Jon David (2002). Before They Were Cardinals: Major League Baseball in Nineteenth-Century. St. Louis: University of Missouri Press.
  27. ^ a b c d "Cardinals timeline 1". St. Louis Cardinals Official Website. Retrieved March 6, 2007.
  28. ^ a b Busch Stadium Firsts (and Franchise Facts), mlb website, updated May 24, 2018.
  29. ^ Uniform Database, which shows first Cardinal uniforms from 1900 to 1908, National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum website.
  30. ^ "Baltimore Orioles on Baseball Almanac". Retrieved June 3, 2013.
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  274. ^ "Box Score of Game played on Tuesday, April 19, 1949 at Crosley Field". April 19, 1949. Retrieved December 27, 2017.
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Further reading

External links

This page was last edited on 8 May 2021, at 02:46
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