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Health in the Dominican Republic

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Life expectancy in the Dominican Republic was 71 years for men and 77 years for women in 2016.[1]

In 2007 the Dominican Republic had a birth rate of 22.91 per 1000 and a death rate of 5.32 per 1000.[2] Youth in the Dominican Republic is the healthiest age group.


The prevalence of HIV/AIDS in the Dominican Republic in 2011 stood at approximately 0.7%, which is relatively low by Caribbean standards, with an estimated 62,000 HIV/AIDS-positive Dominicans.[3] In contrast neighboring Haiti has an HIV/AIDS rate more than double that of the Dominican Republic. A mission based in the United States has been helping to combat AIDS in the country.[4] Dengue fever has become endemic to the republic, cases of malaria, and Zika virus.[5][6]


The practice of abortion is illegal in all cases in the Dominican Republic, a ban that includes conceptions following rape, incest, and situations where the health of the mother is in danger, even if life-threatening.[7] This ban was reiterated by the Dominican government in a September 2009 provision of a constitutional reform bill.[8]


There are three tiers of healthcare in the country:

  • Subsidized regime, which is financed by the government for unemployed, poor, disabled and indigent people.
  • Contributive regime, which is financed by workers and employers
  • Contributive subsidized regime, which is financed by independent workers, technical workers, and self-employed people, but subsidized by the state[9]

Even those for whom care is supposedly provided may have to pay for medical supplies.[10]

Government expenditure on healthcare is about $180 per person per year, slightly more than half the average for the Latin American and Caribbean region.[11]


  1. ^ "Dominican Republic". WHO. 2018. Retrieved 18 November 2018.
  2. ^ "CIA – The World Factbook – Dominican Republic". Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). Retrieved June 4, 2007.
  3. ^ Prevalence of HIV, total (% of population ages 15–49) | Data | Table. Retrieved on April 2, 2014.
  4. ^ "The President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief" (PDF). Office of the U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator. April 2005. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 15, 2009.
  5. ^ "Zika Virus in the Dominican Republic". CDC. August 5, 2016. Retrieved August 24, 2016.
  6. ^ "Dominican Republic". United States Department of State. Retrieved August 24, 2016.
  7. ^ Romo, Rafael (August 18, 2012) Pregnant teen dies after abortion ban. CNN
  8. ^ "Dominican Republic Reaffirms Commitment Against Legalizing Abortion". Fox News. September 18, 2009. Retrieved September 10, 2010.
  9. ^ "Dominican Republic - Health Service". Expat Focus. 2018. Retrieved 18 November 2018.
  10. ^ "The healthcare system in the Dominican Republic". Just Landed. 2018. Retrieved 18 November 2018.
  11. ^ "To save lives, Haiti should focus on primary care more than hospitals, report says". Miami Herald. 27 June 2017. Retrieved 18 November 2018.
This page was last edited on 20 November 2018, at 15:44
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